keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

catheter infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110054/slicing-silicone-neonatal-vascular-catheter-tips-improves-colonization-detection-by-the-roll-plate-technique
#1
María Guembe, Pablo Martín-Rabadán, Raquel Cruces, María Jesús Pérez Granda, Emilio Bouza
OBJECTIVE: Silicone neonatal peripherally inserted central catheters (SN-PICCs) are a common cause of catheter-related bloodstream infection (C-RBSI) in neonates. Our objective was to compare the yield of traditional roll-plate technique (TRP), roll-plate after slicing (RPS), and sonication after slicing (SS) for the detection of colonization and C-RBSI in SN-PICCs. METHODS: We prospectively cultured tips from SN-PICCs withdrawn from pediatric patients admitted to our institution with suspicion of infection...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109692/-infectious-risk-related-to-the-formation-of-multi-species-biofilms-candida%C3%A2-%C3%A2-bacteria-on-peripheral-vascular-catheters
#2
REVIEW
A Seghir, Z Boucherit-Otmani, L Sari-Belkharroubi, K Boucherit
The Candida yeasts are the fourth leading cause of death from systemic infections, the risk may increase when the infection also involves bacteria. Yeasts and bacteria can adhere to medical implants, such as peripheral vascular catheters, and form a multicellular structures called "mixed biofilms" more resistant to antimicrobials agents. However, the formation of mixed biofilms on implants leads to long-term persistent infections because they can act as reservoirs of pathogens that have poorly understood interactions...
January 18, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106022/complicated-left-sided-infective-endocarditis-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-a-case-report
#3
Öykü Gülmez, Mehtap Aydın
Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious infectious condition with high morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It has been particularly associated with recurrent bacteremia due to vascular access via lumen catheters. The most common pathogen is Staphylococcus (S.) aureus, and most affected valve is mitral valve, which frequently calcified. Two patients with ESRD who received hemodialysis treatment via tunneled catheters, aged 56 and 88 years, were admitted with fever and high troponin level...
January 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104952/pitfalls-in-interpretation-of-fdg-pet-ct-septic-pulmonary-emboli-mimicking-metastases-in-a-case-of-gastric-carcinoma
#4
Harkirat Singh, Aftab Alam, T V S V G K Tilak, Prateek Kinra, Brijesh K Soni
Inflammatory lesions may sometimes show intense tracer uptake and mimic neoplastic lesions on (18) F-fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). We report one such false positive case on FDG PET/CT, where septic pulmonary emboli (SPE) mimicked pulmonary metastases. A 45-year-old man with stomach cancer had an indwelling central venous catheter (CVC) in situ while on neoadjuvant chemotherapy. He underwent FDG PET/CT scan for response assessment and the images revealed multiple, intensely FDG avid, peripheral, lung nodules with feeding vessels, which were suspicious for pulmonary metastases...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104121/liver-failure-from-ultra-short-bowel-syndrome-on-the-intestinal-transplant-waiting-list-a-retrospective-study
#5
Y Noguchi, T Ueno, R Matsuura, T Kodama, K Deguchi, S Umeda, T Yamamichi, K Nakahata, M Zenitani, Y Takama, H Yamanaka, Y Tazuke, H Okuyama
BACKGROUND: Patients with intestinal failure (IF) are candidates for intestinal transplantation (ITx). In Japan, these patients have few opportunities to undergo cadaveric ITx because of low rates of organ donation. The donor criteria and recipient priority for ITx are still unknown. We reviewed our cases of IF to investigate which patients should be prioritized for ITx. METHODS: Patients with IF who were registered as candidates for cadaveric ITx between January 2010 and November 2015 in our institute were included in this retrospective study...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102479/peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-caused-by-kocuria-marina-in-an-elderly-man
#6
Nobuaki Mori, Yuichi Nishihara, Hideki Tayama, Akiko Higuchi, Yasuko Aoki
BACKGROUND: Kocuria species are Gram-positive, aerobic cocci, and members of the Micrcoccaceae family that are known to be opportunistic pathogens. Although there have been sporadic reports of infections caused by Kocuria species, little is known regarding their human pathogenicity and clinical characteristics. CASE REPORT: We herein report a case of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related bloodstream infection caused by Kocuria marina in a 90-year-old Japanese with multiple cancer...
January 19, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100152/rare-iatrogenic-cardiovascular-embolization-following-dialysis
#7
Arun Sharma, Sharmila Duraisamy, Priya Jagia, Gurpreet S Gulati
Intracardiac or intrapulmonary dislodgement of dialysis catheter or guidewire coating is extremely rare. When present, it can be potentially lethal as it may get complicated by arrhythmias, myocardial or pulmonary artery rupture, valvular perforation, pulmonary thromboembolism, infarction, and infective endocarditis. Percutaneous removal should be attempted as an initial measure and is usually effective in most of the cases. We report 2 such cases, where in first patient it was the hemodialysis catheter which broke, with a large part migrating into the heart, while in second patient, it was the hydrophilic coating of the guidewire that migrated into the pulmonary arteries...
January 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100054/efficacy-of-silver-hydrophilic-poly-p-xylylene-on-preventing-bacterial-growth-and-biofilm-formation-in-urinary-catheters
#8
Hamideh Heidari Zare, Viktorija Juhart, Attila Vass, Gerhard Franz, Dieter Jocham
Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), caused by several strains of bacteria, are a common complication for catheterized patients. This may eventually lead to a blockage of the catheter due to the formation of a crystalline or amorphous biofilm. Inhibiting bacteria should result in a longer application time free of complaints. This issue has been investigated using an innovative type of silver-coated catheter with a semipermeable cap layer to prevent CAUTI. In this work, two different types of silver catheters were investigated, both of which were capped with poly(p-xylylene) (PPX-N) and exhibited different surface properties that completely changed their wetting conduct with water...
January 18, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097382/ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-malfunction-caused-by-fractures-and-disconnections-over-10%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#9
Fatih Serhat Erol, Sait Ozturk, Bekir Akgun, Metin Kaplan
PURPOSE: We have discussed the diagnosis and treatment approaches in patients with discontinued (disconnected or fractured) ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts that caused mechanical dysfunction. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2016, VP shunt surgery was performed on 1357 pediatric patients in our clinic. In follow-up examinations, we retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent revision surgery. Except for diagnosis of discontinued VP shunt, by excluding revision-surgery patients, only those patients who underwent surgical treatment owing to discontinued (fracture or disconnection) catheter were included in the study...
January 17, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097270/prospective-study-analyzing-risk-factors-and-characteristics-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-urology-ward
#10
José Medina-Polo, Raquel Sopeña-Sutil, Raúl Benítez-Sala, Alba Lara-Isla, Manuel Alonso-Isa, Javier Gil-Moradillo, Juan Justo-Quintas, Esther García-Rojo, Daniel Antonio González-Padilla, Juan Bautista Passas-Martínez, Ángel Tejido-Sánchez
PURPOSE: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in urological patients have special features due to specific risk factors. Our objective was to evaluate the characteristics and risk factors for HAIs in patients hospitalized in a Urology ward. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated prospectively, from 2012 to 2015, the incidence, types and risk factor for HAIs, microbiological and resistance patterns. RESULTS: The incidence of HAIs was 6.3%. The most common types were urinary infections (70...
January 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096455/multicenter-prospective-study-on-device-associated-infection-rates-and-bacterial-resistance-in-intensive-care-units-of-venezuela-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-inicc-findings
#11
Gabriel D Empaire, Maria E Guzman Siritt, Victor D Rosenthal, Fernando Pérez, Yvis Ruiz, Claudia Díaz, Gabriela Di Silvestre, Evelyn Salinas, Nelva Orozco
BACKGROUND: Device-associated healthcare-acquired infections (DA-HAI) pose a threat to patient safety in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A DA-HAI surveillance study was conducted by the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) in two adult medical/surgical ICUs at two hospitals in Caracas, Venezuela, in different periods from March 2008 to April 2015, using the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Healthcare Safety Network (CDC/NHSN) definitions and criteria, and INICC methods...
January 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096438/infection-prophylaxis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-results-from-an-australia-new-zealand-survey
#12
Denise J Campbell, David W Mudge, Martin P Gallagher, Wai H Lim, Ranganathan Dwarakanathan, Walaa Saweirs, Jonathan C Craig
♦ Background: Clinical practice guidelines aim to reduce the rates of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related infections, a common complication of PD in end-stage kidney disease patients. We describe the clinical practices used by Australian and New Zealand nephrologists to prevent PD-related infections in PD patients. ♦ Methods: A survey of PD practices in relation to the use of antibiotic and antifungal prophylaxis in PD patients was conducted of practicing nephrologists identified via the Australia and New Zealand Society of Nephrology (ANZSN) membership in 2013...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095785/risk-factors-and-medical-costs-for-healthcare-associated-carbapenem-resistant-escherichia-coli-infection-among-hospitalized-patients-in-a-chinese-teaching-hospital
#13
Xiujuan Meng, Sidi Liu, Juping Duan, Xun Huang, Pengcheng Zhou, Xinrui Xiong, Ruie Gong, Ying Zhang, Yao Liu, Chenchao Fu, Chunhui Li, Anhua Wu
BACKGROUND: The emergence and spread of Carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli (CREC) is becoming a serious problem in Chinese hospitals, however, the data on this is scarce. Therefore, we investigate the risk factors for healthcare-associated CREC infection and study the incidence, antibiotic resistance and medical costs of CREC infections in our hospital. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, matched case-control-control, parallel study in a tertiary teaching hospital...
January 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090295/an-advanced-protocol-driven-transition-from-parenteral-prostanoids-to-inhaled-trepostinil-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#14
Ronald Oudiz, Manyoo Agarwal, Franz Rischard, Teresa De Marco
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) often require parenteral prostanoids to improve symptoms and signs of PAH. Complications of parenteral prostanoids-such as catheter-related infections and intolerable adverse effects-may develop, prompting transition to inhaled prostanoids. We report a prospective, protocol-driven transition from parenteral prostanoids to inhaled prostanoids with monitoring of exercise gas exchange and acute hemodynamics. Three PAH centers recruited patients transitioning from parenteral prostanoids to inhaled trepostinil...
December 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088288/a-novel-mouse-model-of-staphylococcus-aureus-vascular-graft-infection-noninvasive-imaging-of-biofilm-development-in%C3%A2-vivo
#15
Hélène Van de Vyver, Philipp R Bovenkamp, Verena Hoerr, Katrin Schwegmann, Lorena Tuchscherr, Silke Niemann, Laura Kursawe, Christina Grosse, Annette Moter, Uwe Hansen, Ute Neugebauer, Michael T Kuhlmann, Georg Peters, Sven Hermann, Bettina Löffler
Staphylococcus aureus causes very serious infections of vascular grafts. Knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of this disease is largely lacking because of the absence of representable models. Therefore, the aim of this study was to set up a mouse model of vascular graft infections that closely mimics the human situation. A catheter was inserted into the right carotid artery of mice, which acted as a vascular graft. Mice were infected i.v. using 8 different S. aureus strains, and development of the infection was followed up...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087192/spontaneous-peritoneal-catheter-knot-formation-a-rare-cause-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-malfunction
#16
Idrees Sher, Shanu Gambhir, Sarah Pinto, Asim Mujic, Jens Peters-Willke, Andrew Hunn
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting remains invaluable in the management of hydrocephalus. It is a common procedure that can be complicated by shunt malfunction due to infection, blockage and disconnection. Spontaneous peritoneal catheter knot formation causing CSF flow obstruction is a rare phenomenon. We present a case of a 12years old boy with spontaneous knot formation in the peritoneal catheter causing VP shunt obstruction and hydrocephalus.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087135/surgical-site-infection-related-to-use-of-elastomeric-pumps-in-pectus-excavatum-repair-lessons-learned-from-root-cause-analysis
#17
Nadja Apelt, Joshua Schaffzin, Christina Bates, Rebeccah L Brown, Marc Mecoli, Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, Victor Garcia
BACKGROUND: Pectus excavatum repair (PEX) is among the most painful thoracic procedures performed. Continuous peripheral nerve blockade (CPNB) is known to be efficacious in optimizing pain control while limiting narcotic use in adult thoracic procedures. It was introduced in May 2015 as a bridge to oral pain control in children undergoing PEX. Consequently, the surgical site infection (SSI) rate increased from 2.7% to 27.7%. METHODS: SSI surveillance followed national guidelines...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081385/catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-adults-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#18
Siri Tribler, Christopher F Brandt, Mark Hvistendahl, Michael Staun, Per Brøbech, Claus E Moser, Palle B Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: A common complication in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs). The CRBSI incidence has been advocated as an outcome parameter assessing the quality of care. This study aimed to illustrate how the use of different CRBSI definitions affects the reported incidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational study based on the Copenhagen intestinal failure database, all clinically reported CRBSIs from 2002-2013 were compared with data from the affiliated microbiological database according to recommended CRBSI criteria...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079867/reducing-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#19
A J Vachharajani, N A Vachharajani, H Morris, A Niesen, A Elward, D A Linck, A M Mathur
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to safely reduce the number of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) inserted in infants with umbilical venous catheter using quality improvement methods. STUDY DESIGN: In a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, a questionnaire designed to prompt critical thinking around the decision to place a PICC, along with an updated standardized feeding guideline was introduced. PICC insertion in 86 infants with umbilical venous catheter (pre intervention) with birth weight 1000-1500 g were compared with 115 infants (post intervention) using Fisher's exact test...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078825/ethanol-combined-with-heparin-as-a-locking-solution-for-the-prevention-of-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-prospective-randomized-study
#20
Sofia Sofroniadou, Ioanna Revela, Alexandros Kouloubinis, Ioanna Makriniotou, Sinodi Zerbala, Despina Smirloglou, Petros Kalocheretis, Apostolos Drouzas, George Samonis, Christos Iatrou
Introduction Ethanol lock solution has been mainly administered in paediatric and home parenteral nutrition patients in order to prevent catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI). Its utility in hemodialysis (HD) patients with non-tunneled-uncuffed catheter (NTC) has been poorly explored. Methods We conducted a prospective randomized study in chronic HD patients requiring a newly inserted NTC-while awaiting for the maturation of an already established arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or arteriovenous graft (AVG) or tunneled-cuffed catheter insertion...
January 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
keyword
keyword
45653
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"