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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943571/mycobacterium-wolinskyi-peritonitis-after-peritoneal-catheter-embedment-surgery
#1
Hiroyuki Fujikura, Kei Kasahara, Yoshihiko Ogawa, Nobuyasu Hirai, Seiya Yoshii, Shingo Yoshihara, Taku Ogawa, Shinsuke Yonekawa, Natsuko Imakita, Yuichi Nishioka, Tatsuo Yoneda, Katsunori Yoshida, Ken-Ichi Samejima, Kaori Tanabe, Yoshihiko Saito, Hisakazu Yano, Keiichi Mikasa
Mycobacterium wolinskyi belongs to the Mycobacterium smegmatis group, which comprises rapidly growing non-tuberculous mycobacteria. The number of case reports on M. wolinskyi infections associated with postoperative wounds has increased in recent years. We herein report a case of peritonitis due to M. wolinskyi after peritoneal catheter embedment surgery. Identification was achieved based on 16S ribosomal RNA and rpoB gene sequencing of the isolate. The patient recovered following catheter removal and treatment with levofloxacin and minocycline for one month...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943144/the-epidemiology-antibiograms-and-predictors-of-mortality-among-critically-ill-patients-with-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections
#2
Shin-Huei Kuo, Wei-Ru Lin, Jun-You Lin, Chung-Hao Huang, Ya-Ting Jao, Pei-Wen Yang, Jong-Rung Tsai, Wen-Hung Wang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Ching-Tzu Hung, Po-Liang Lu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: For high risk of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in patients of intensive care units (ICUs) and scarcely epidemiology and therapeutic recommendations in Asia, we aimed to evaluate the annual change in epidemiology, antibiogram, and risk factors for 14-day mortality. METHODS: A retrospective study of ICUs patients with CLABSIs at a medical center in Taiwan (2010-2016), where central line care bundle implemented since 2014, by reviewing clinical data, pathogens, and the antibiogram...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937074/clinicoepidemiological-profile-of-peritonitis-complicating-acute-peritoneal-dialysis-a-single-center-experience
#3
Kunal Gandhi, Dharmendra Prasad, Vinay Malhotra, Dhananjai Agrawal, Pankaj Beniwal, Amith Vijay Leon Dsouza
A prospective observational study examining the incidence and microbiological aspects of peritonitis complicating acute intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) was performed. A total of 145 acute IPD treatments were included involving 112 patients. The majority of patients suffered from acute kidney injury (72.3%) secondary to sepsis. Peritonitis occurred in 31 treatment sessions, giving a frequency of 21.4% of procedures performed. The mean interval between starting dialysis and the first sign of peritonitis was 2...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936879/parenteral-therapy-and-complications-in-patients-with-intestinal-failure-in-a-regional-unit
#4
Ruben Lorentsen, Lars Kristian Munck, Signe Wildt
OBJECTIVE: To describe a cohort of patients with intestinal failure (IF) and tunnelled catheters in a regional IF unit, treatment and catheter-related complication rates, and to compare the quality of care with previously published results from specialised IF centres in Denmark. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of an adult IF patient cohort receiving parenteral therapy through tunnelled catheters in a regional IF unit from 2005 to 2014. Demographics, indication, type and frequency of parenteral therapy, dwell time, cause of removal and complications were recorded...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934890/hyperglycemic-episodes-are-associated-with-postoperative-infections-after-cardiac-surgery
#5
K M Järvelä, N K Khan, E L Loisa, J A Sutinen, J O Laurikka, J A Khan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To describe the incidence of and risk factors for postoperative infections and the correlation between postoperative hyperglycemia despite tight blood glucose control with infectious and other complications after contemporary cardiac surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 1356 consecutive adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery between January 2013 and December 2014 and were followed up for 6 months. Patients surviving the first 2 days were included in the analysis...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934665/venous-thromboembolism-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-retrospective-incidence-and-intrapopulation-risk-factors
#6
Jessica Knight-Perry, Brian R Branchford, Dianne Thornhill, Stacey L Martiniano, Scott D Sagel, Michael Wang
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a rare but serious medical condition. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a risk for recurrent pediatric VTE and has potential thrombophilic tendency. However, much remains unknown, including incidence and intrapopulation risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of pediatric CF patients followed at Children's Hospital Colorado from January 1st 2003 through May 20th 2016 was examined. Cases were identified by informatics and validated manually...
September 5, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930826/infective-endocarditis-in-patients-with-cancer-a-consequence-of-invasive-procedures-or-a-harbinger-of-neoplasm-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort
#7
Ana Fernández-Cruz, Patricia Muñoz, Carmen Sandoval, Carmen Fariñas, Manuel Gutiérrez-Cuadra, Juan M Pericás Pulido, José M Miró, Miguel Á Goenaga-Sánchez, Arístides de Alarcón, Francisco Bonache-Bernal, MªÁngeles Rodríguez, Mariam Noureddine, Emilio Bouza Santiago
The aim of the study was to draw a comparison between the characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with cancer and those of IE in noncancer patients.Patients with IE, according to the modified Duke criteria, were prospectively included in the GAMES registry between January 2008 and February 2014 in 30 hospitals. Patients with active cancer were compared with noncancer patients.During the study period, 161 episodes of IE fulfilled the inclusion criteria. We studied 2 populations: patients whose cancer was diagnosed before IE (73...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929959/-in-vitro-effect-of-vancomycin-and-daptomycin-on-biofilm-formation-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-strains
#8
Duygu Nilüfer Öcal, İştar Dolapçı, Zeynep Gençtürk, Alper Tekeli
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are one of the primer agents of blood stream infections (BSI) and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CR-BSI) which are associated mostly with the usage of central venous catheters and, important causes of morbidity and mortality despite the usage of antibacterial and supportive treatment. It is important to determine the properties of these causative microorganisms in order to make appropriate treatment of such infections. The aims of our study were to evaluate the biofilm formation of coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) which were causative agents of bloodstream (BSI) and catheter related bloodstream infections (CR-BSI), to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of planktonic forms and minimal biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC) of sessile forms for vancomycin and daptomycin and to evaluate the efficacy of these antibiotics in infections with biofilm-forming isolates in vitro...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923373/outbreak-of-burkholderia-cepacia-bacteraemia-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-due-to-contaminated-ultrasound-probe-gel
#9
Rehab Abdelfattah, Suliman Aljumaah, Ahmed Alqahtani, Sahar Althawadi, Irene Barron, Saleh Almofada
BACKGROUND: Burkholderia cepacia is a significant opportunistic organism in hospitalized and immunocompromised patients, particularly in cystic fibrosis [1] AIMS: We describe the epidemiological investigation of an outbreak of B. cepacia bacteraemia. METHODS: The study examined 14 patients during their admission to three ICUs (Intensive Care Units) in a tertiary care hospital between January-June 2016. The outbreak involved 9 (57%) female and 6 (43%) male patients...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922488/isolation-of-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-from-blood-cultures-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#10
Iker Falces-Romero, Emilio Cendejas-Bueno, María Pilar Romero-Gómez, Julio García-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Rhodotorula species have traditionally been considered as one of common non-virulent environmental inhabitant. They have emerged as an opportunistic pathogen, particularly in immunocompromised hosts and most infections have been associated with intravenous catheters in these patients. OBJECTIVE: We review the isolates in blood cultures of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in our Hospital. We describe the demographic and clinical features of the cases and the antifungal susceptibility profiles of the isolates...
September 18, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919353/presepsin-a-new-marker-of-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-in-pediatric-patients
#11
Sevgen Tanır Basaranoglu, Eda Karadag-Oncel, Kubra Aykac, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Ahmet Emre Aycan, Ali Bulent Cengiz, Ates Kara, Mehmet Ceyhan
BACKGROUND: Catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) are mostly preventable hospital-acquired conditions. We aimed to investigate the value of presepsin in detection of CRBSI in hospitalized children. METHODS: Hospitalized pediatric patients who had clinical suspicion of CRBSI were followed. Results of peripheral blood cultures and blood cultures from central venous catheters, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), total white blood cell (WBC) counts were recorded...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919318/corrigendum-to-assessment-of-a-multi-modal-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-j-hosp-infect-2016-oct-94-2-175-81
#12
H G Ternavasio-de la Vega, A Barbosa Ventura, F Castaño-Romero, F D Sauchelli, A Prolo Acosta, F J Rodríguez Alcázar, A Vicente Sánchez, E Ruiz Antúnez, M Marcos, J Laso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918827/indwelling-pleural-catheters-for-nonmalignant-effusions-evidence-based-answers-to-clinical-concerns
#13
REVIEW
David Maurice Chambers, Bilal Abaid, Umair Gauhar
Pleural effusions occur in 1.5 million patients yearly and are a common cause of dyspnea. For nonmalignant effusions, initial treatment is directed at the underlying cause, but when effusions become refractory to medical therapy, palliative options are limited. Tunneled pleural catheters (TPCs) are commonly used for palliation of malignant effusions, but many clinicians are reluctant to recommend these devices for palliation of nonmalignant effusions, citing concerns of infection, renal failure, electrolyte disturbances and protein-loss malnutrition...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916373/methods-for-computational-disease-surveillance-in-infection-prevention-and-control-statistical-process-control-versus-twitter-s-anomaly-and-breakout-detection-algorithms
#14
Timothy L Wiemken, Stephen P Furmanek, William A Mattingly, Marc-Oliver Wright, Annuradha K Persaud, Brian E Guinn, Ruth M Carrico, Forest W Arnold, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: Although not all health care-associated infections (HAIs) are preventable, reducing HAIs through targeted intervention is key to a successful infection prevention program. To identify areas in need of targeted intervention, robust statistical methods must be used when analyzing surveillance data. The objective of this study was to compare and contrast statistical process control (SPC) charts with Twitter's anomaly and breakout detection algorithms. METHODS: SPC and anomaly/breakout detection (ABD) charts were created for vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, Acinetobacter baumannii, catheter-associated urinary tract infection, and central line-associated bloodstream infection data...
September 12, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914703/length-of-catheter-use-after-hysterectomy-as-a-risk-factor-for-urinary-tract-infection
#15
Natalie E Karp, Emily K Kobernik, Neil S Kamdar, Amanda M Fore, Daniel M Morgan
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the effect of length of postoperative catheterization on risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) and to identify risk factors for postoperative UTI. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study. Demographic and perioperative data, including duration of indwelling catheter use and postoperative occurrence of UTI within 30 days of surgery, were analyzed for hysterectomies using the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative database...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913721/intraperitoneal-antibiotic-administration-for-prevention-of-postoperative-peritoneal-catheter-related-infections
#16
Margarita Kunin, Dganit Dinour, Danny Rosin
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that systemic prophylactic antibiotics be given immediately prior to peritoneal catheter insertion. This administration requires intravenous access and could be inconvenient in dynamic and unpredictable operation room schedule. Intraperitoneal antibiotics could be an alternative simple way for prevention of postoperative peritoneal catheter infections. METHODS: Medical records from 109 patients undergoing permanent PD catheter placement procedures were reviewed retrospectively...
September 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913144/effect-of-pigtail-catheter-application-on-obstetric-outcomes-in-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-pregnancies-following-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#17
Pınar Çağlar Aytaç, Hakan Kalaycı, Selçuk Yetkinel, Didem Alkaş, Seda Yüksel Şimşek, Bülent Haydardedeoğlu, Esra Bulgan Kılıçdağ
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of percutaneous pigtail catheter drainage on the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancies following moderate or severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 189 patients hospitalized for OHSS following ICSI treatment in a tertiary in vitro fertilization unit between 2006 and 2014. Pigtail catheters were applied in 63 patients; the other 126 patients did not need that treatment...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912948/outbreak-of-fusarium-oxysporum-infections-in-children-with-cancer-an-experience-with-7-episodes-of-catheter-related-fungemia
#18
Fabianne Carlesse, Anna-Paula C Amaral, Sarah S Gonçalves, Hemilio Xafranski, Maria-Lucia M Lee, Victor Zecchin, Antonio S Petrilli, Abdullah M Al-Hatmi, Ferry Hagen, Jacques F Meis, Arnaldo L Colombo
BACKGROUND: Fusarium species are widely spread in nature as plant pathogens but are also able to cause opportunistic fungal infections in humans. We report a cluster of Fusarium oxysporum bloodstream infections in a single pediatric cancer center. METHODS: All clinical and epidemiological data related to an outbreak involving seven cases of fungemia by Fusarium oxysporum during October 2013 and February 2014 were analysed. All cultured isolates (n = 14) were identified to species level by sequencing of the TEF1 and RPB2 genes...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910912/-percutaneous-catheterization-for-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-retrospective-case-series
#19
X Y Li, H Y He, X Tang, R Wang, C Y Zhang, S Q Wang, B Sun, Z H Tong
Objective: To review the experience of percutaneous catheterization for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) by respiratory intensivists at a single institution. Methods: A retrospective review of 87 patients undergoing percutaneous catheterization for ECMO in Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from November 2009 to January 2017. Subject demographics, type of support, cannulation configuration, types of cannulas, use of imaging modalities, and complications were recorded and summarized...
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906365/the-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-uropathogens-among-children-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-shiraz
#20
Gholamreza Pouladfar, Mitra Basiratnia, Mojtaba Anvarinejad, Pejman Abbasi, Fatemeh Amirmoezi, Samaneh Zare
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections in pediatrics. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can cause significant morbidity. The physicians knowledge regarding the symptoms, microorganisms that caused UTI, and effective antibiotics in a geographical area can help them to select the appropriate antibiotics. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of bacteria that cause UTI and their susceptibility to common antibiotics as well as the common symptoms and associated factors in children of Shiraz, Southern Iran...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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