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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334535/simultaneous-presentation-of-wilms-tumor-and-contralateral-ganglioneuroma-in-a-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ibrahim Adaletli, Emine Caliskan, Isin Kilicaslan, Cagla S Karaoglan, Alaattin Celik, Feryal Gun Soysal, Sema B Bay, Bulent Zulfikar
We demonstrate a 4-year-old girl who presented with progressive, asymmetrical, firm abdominal distention and was diagnosed with synchronous Wilms' tumor and left para-aortic ganglioneuroma (GN). Although synchronous tumors in the pediatric population are commonly associated with malignancy-predisposing syndromes, the patient in question was found to be otherwise healthy and had no clinical evidence nor family history of a syndrome. This case is the second one in the literature diagnosed with synchronous presentation of Wilms' tumor and GN in a previously healthy child...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326307/mycophenolate-mofetil-in-combination-with-steroids-for-treatment-of-c3-glomerulopathy-a-case-series
#2
Rupali S Avasare, Pietro A Canetta, Andrew S Bomback, Maddalena Marasa, Yasar Caliskan, Yasemin Ozluk, Yifu Li, Ali G Gharavi, Gerald B Appel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: C3 glomerulopathy is a form of complement-mediated GN. Immunosuppressive therapy may be beneficial in the treatment of C3 glomerulopathy. Mycophenolate mofetil is an attractive treatment option given its role in the treatment of other complement-mediated diseases and the results of the Spanish Group for the Study of Glomerular Diseases C3 Study. Here, we study the outcomes of patients with C3 glomerulopathy treated with steroids and mycophenolate mofetil. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients in the C3 glomerulopathy registry at Columbia University and identified patients treated with mycophenolate mofetil for at least 3 months and follow-up for at least 1 year...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320818/zoonotic-trematode-metacercariae-in-fish-from-yangon-myanmar-and-their-adults-recovered-from-experimental-animals
#3
Jong-Yil Chai, Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Jong-Bok Park, Hoo-Gn Jeoung, Eui-Hyug Hoang, Thi Thi Htoon, Htay Htay Tin
A survey was performed to investigate the infection status of zoonotic trematode (ZT) metacercariae in fish from a local market in Yangon City, Myanmar. A total of 264 fish (12 species) were collected through 4 times from December 2013 to June 2015. All collected fish were transferred to our laboratory on ice and examined by the artificial digestion method. More than 7 species of ZT metacercariae, i.e., Haplorchis taichui, H. pumilio, H. yokogawai, Centrocestus spp., Stellantchasmus falcatus, Pygidiopsis cambodiensis, and Procerovum sp...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312859/recurrence-of-primary-glomerulonephritis-review-of-the-current-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Fedaey Abbas, Mohsen El Kossi, Jon Kim Jin, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
In view of the availability of new immunosuppression strategies, the recurrence of allograft glomerulonephritis (GN) are reported to be increasing with time post transplantation. Recent advances in understanding the pathogenesis of the GN recurrent disease provided a better chance to develop new strategies to deal with the GN recurrence. Recurrent GN diseases manifest with a variable course, stubborn behavior, and poor response to therapy. Some types of GN lead to rapid decline of kidney function resulting in a frustrating return to maintenance dialysis...
December 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312858/de-novo-glomerular-diseases-after-renal-transplantation-how-is-it-different-from-recurrent-glomerular-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Fedaey Abbas, Mohsen El Kossi, Jon Kim Jin, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
The glomerular diseases after renal transplantation can occur de novo, i.e., with no relation to the native kidney disease, or more frequently occur as a recurrence of the original disease in the native kidney. There may not be any difference in clinical features and histological pattern between de novo glomerular disease and recurrence of original glomerular disease. However, structural alterations in transplanted kidney add to dilemma in diagnosis. These changes in architecture of histopathology can happen due to: (1) exposure to the immunosuppression specifically the calcineurin inhibitors (CNI); (2) in vascular and tubulointerstitial alterations as a result of antibody mediated or cell-mediated immunological onslaught; (3) post-transplant viral infections; (4) ischemia-reperfusion injury; and (5) hyperfiltration injury...
December 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301530/understanding-amd-by-analogy-systematic-review-of-lipid-related-common-pathogenic-mechanisms-in-amd-ad-as-and-gn
#6
REVIEW
Qinyuan Xu, Sijia Cao, Sanjeeva Rajapakse, Joanne A Matsubara
RATIONALE: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of blindness among the elderly. Due to its complex etiology, current treatments have been insufficient. Previous studies reveal three systems closely involved in AMD pathogenesis: lipid metabolism, oxidation and inflammation. These systems are also involved in Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis and glomerulonephritis. Understanding commonalities of these four diseases may provide insight into AMD etiology...
January 4, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299573/gallic-acid-assisted-synthesis-of-pd-uniformly-anchored-on-porous-n-rgo-as-efficient-electrocatalyst-for-microbial-fuel-cells
#7
Xiao-Tong Wu, Jie-Cheng Li, Qiu-Ren Pan, Nan Li, Zhao-Qing Liu
The sluggish kinetic rate-limiting oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathode remains the foremost issue hindering the commercialization of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Utilization of the effect of micromolecule conjugation and the synergistic effect between Pd nanoparticles and N-rGO (nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide) to stabilize a precious metal onto carbon materials is a promising strategy to design and synthesize highly efficient cathode catalysts. In this study, gallic acid is used to facilitate the coupling of palladium (Pd) with N-rGO to form GN@Pd-GA via a simple hydrothermal process...
January 4, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289697/guanylin-and-uroguanylin-mrna-expression-is-increased-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-but-guanylins-do-not-play-a-significant-role-in-body-weight-regulation-and-glycemic-control
#8
María L Fernandez-Cachon, Søren L Pedersen, Kristoffer T Rigbolt, Chen Zhang, Katrine Fabricius, Henrik H Hansen, Lisbeth Elster, Lisbeth N Fink, Matthias Schäfer, Nicolai A Rhee, Ebbe Langholz, Erik Wandall, Steffen U Friis, Peter Vilmann, Viggo B Kristiansen, Christina Schmidt, Kay Schreiter, Kristin Breitschopf, Thomas Hübschle, Tina Jorsal, Tina Vilsbøll, Thorsten Schmidt, Stefan Theis, Filip K Knop, Philip Just Larsen, Jacob Jelsing
AIM: To determine whether intestinal expression of guanylate cyclase activator 2A (GUCA2A) and guanylate cyclase activator 2B (GUCA2B) genes is regulated in obese humans following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), and to evaluate the corresponding guanylin (GN) and uroguanylin (UGN) peptides for potentially contributing to the beneficial metabolic effects of RYGB. METHODS: Enteroendocrine cells were harvested peri- and post-RYGB, and GUCA2A/GUCA2B mRNA expression was compared...
December 28, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288787/robotic-appendiceal-interposition-with-right-lower-pole-calycostomy-downward-nephropexy-and-psoas-hitch-for-the-management-of-an-iatrogenic-near-complete-ureteral-avulsion
#9
Martus Gn, Ziho Lee, David Strauss, Daniel Eun
Although iatrogenic ureteral injuries are rare, they have potentially devastating consequences for both patients and physicians, and their management remains challenging. We report a case of a 51-year-old morbidly obese (BMI=63) female who suffered an iatrogenic 15 centimeter right ureteral avulsion during hysteroscopic biopsy. Preoperative antegrade and retrograde pyelograms demonstrated no true renal pelvis and a 3 centimeter blind-ending distal ureteral stump. The patient underwent a right robotic downward nephropexy, psoas hitch, lower pole calycostomy and 11 cm appendiceal interposition...
December 27, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287674/-effects-of-cerebral-oxygen-changes-during-coronary-bypass-surgery-on-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-in-elderly-patients-a-pilot-study
#10
Cenk Şahan, Zerrin Sungur, Emre Çamcı, Nükhet Sivrikoz, Ömer Sayin, Hakan Gurvit, Mert Şentürk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is common after cardiac surgery. Adequate cerebral perfusion is essential and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can measure cerebral oxygenation. Aim of this study is to compare incidence of early and late postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients treated with conventional or near infrared spectroscopy monitoring. METHODS: Patients undergoing coronary surgery above 60 years, were included and randomized to 2 groups; control and NIRS groups...
December 26, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282014/spectrum-characteristics-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-with-increasing-age-in-a-major-metropolitan-renal-service
#11
Usman Mahmood, Helen G Healy, Adrian Kark, Anne Cameron, Zaimin Wang, Rajitha Abeysekera, Wendy E Hoy
BACKGROUND: Aim of our study is to describe, in people with CKD, the demographic and clinical characteristics and outcomes with increasing age. The prevalence of CKD in Western populations, where longevity is the norm, is about 10-15%, but how age influence different characteristics of patients with CKD is largely not known. METHODS: One thousand two hundred sixty-five patients enrolled in the CKD.QLD registry at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital were grouped according to age at consent i...
December 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275837/plasticity-and-heterogeneity-of-th17-in-immune-mediated-kidney-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Christian F Krebs, Ulf Panzer
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmatic antibody (ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis, anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) glomerulonephritis and lupus nephritis are the most common causes of rapid progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) in the Western world. These aggressive forms of autoimmune kidney diseases significantly contribute to end-stage renal disease and are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Moreover, patients show significant heterogeneity with respect to clinical outcome and response to therapy...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274331/pharmacokinetics-disease-modifying-activity-and-safety-of-an-experimental-therapeutic-targeting-an-immunological-isoform-of-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-in-rat-glomerulonephritis
#13
Werner Höllriegl, Alexander Bauer, Bernhard Baumgartner, Barbara Dietrich, Patrice Douillard, Randolf J Kerschbaumer, Gerald Höbarth, Jeffrey S McKee, Alexander Schinagl, Frederick W K Tam, Michael Thiele, Alfred Weber, Martin Wolfsegger, Marietta Turecek, Eva-Maria Muchitsch, Friedrich Scheiflinger, Helmut Glantschnig
New therapeutic agents are needed to overcome the toxicity and suboptimal efficacy observed in current treatment of glomerulonephritis (GN). BaxB01 is a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting a disease-related immunologically distinct isoform of Macrophage migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF), designated oxidized MIF (oxMIF) and locally expressed in inflammatory conditions. We report the pharmacokinetic profile of BaxB01, and its dose and exposure-related disease-modifying activity in experimentally induced rat GN...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273568/hantavirus-gc-induces-long-term-immune-protection-via-lamp-targeting-dna-vaccine-strategy
#14
Dong-Bo Jiang, Jin-Peng Zhang, Lin-Feng Cheng, Guan-Wen Zhang, Yun Li, Zi-Chao Li, Zhen-Hua Lu, Zi-Xin Zhang, Yu-Chen Lu, Lian-He Zheng, Fang-Lin Zhang, Kun Yang
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) occurs widely throughout Eurasia. Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment, and prophylaxis remains the best option against the major pathogenic agent, hantaan virus (HTNV), which is an Old World hantavirus. However, the absence of cellular immune responses and immunological memory hampers acceptance of the current inactivated HFRS vaccine. Previous studies revealed that a lysosome-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP1)-targeting strategy involving a DNA vaccine based on the HTNV glycoprotein Gn successfully conferred long-term immunity, and indicated that further research on Gc, another HTNV antigen, was warranted...
December 19, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261651/long-lived-cd8-t-cell-responses-following-crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-virus-infection
#15
Dominique Goedhals, Janusz T Paweska, Felicity J Burt
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is a member of the Orthonairovirus genus of the Nairoviridae family and is associated with haemorrhagic fever in humans. Although T lymphocyte responses are known to play a role in protection from and clearance of viral infections, specific T cell epitopes have yet to be identified for CCHFV following infection. A panel of overlapping peptides covering the CCHFV nucleoprotein and the structural glycoproteins, GN and GC, were screened by ELISpot assay to detect interferon gamma (IFN-γ) production in vitro by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from eleven survivors with previous laboratory confirmed CCHFV infection...
December 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251491/glycosylation-promotes-random-coil-to-helix-transition-in-a-region-of-a-protist-skp1-associated-with-f-box-binding
#16
Xianzhong Xu, Alexander Eletsky, M Osman Sheikh, James H Prestegard, Christopher M West
Cullin-Ring-Ligases mediate protein polyubiquitination, a signal for degradation in the 26S-proteasome. The CRL1 class consists of Skp1/cullin-1/F-box protein/Rbx1 (SCF) complexes that cyclically associate with ubiquitin-E2 to build the polyubiquitin chain. Within the SCF complex, the 162-amino acid DdSkp1 from Dictyostelium bridges cullin-1 with an F-box protein (FBP), the specificity factor for substrate selection. The hydroxylation-dependent glycosylation of Pro143 of DdSkp1 by a pentasaccharide forms the basis of a novel O2-sensing mechanism in the social amoeba Dictyostelium and other protists...
December 18, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250718/vertical-skeletal-changes-after-extraction-and-non-extraction-treatment-in-matched-class-i-patients-identified-by-a-discriminant-analysis-cephalometric-appraisal-and-procrustes-superimposition
#17
Philipp Beit, Dimitrios Konstantonis, Alexandros Papagiannis, Theodore Eliades
BACKGROUND: In the long-lasting debate of extraction versus non-extraction treatment, the impact of extractions on the skeletal vertical dimension remains rather unclear. The aim of this retrospective research study was to obtain a bias-free sample of morphologically similar borderline patients treated with or without extraction of the four first premolars and to retrospectively evaluate the vertical changes that occurred. METHODS: A borderline sample of 83 patients, 41 treated with four first premolar extractions and 42 treated without, was obtained by means of discriminant analysis applied to a previously investigated parent sample of 542 class I patients...
December 18, 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247457/progestin-primed-ovarian-stimulation-with-or-without-clomiphene-citrate-supplementation-in-normal-ovulatory-women-undergoing-ivf-icsi-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Yali Liu, Qiuju Chen, Sha Yu, Yun Wang, Wen He, Hannah Ya-Ning Chang, Bian Wang, Hongyuan Gao, Hui Long, Li Wang, Qifeng Lyu, Ai Ai, Yanping Kuang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the endocrinological profiles, cycle characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) with or without clomiphene citrate (CC) supplementation in normal ovulatory women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. PATIENT(S): A total of 320 infertile women undergoing IVF/ICSI. Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) were simultaneously administered on menstrual cycle day 3...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243443/-effect-of-clomiphene-citrate-and-dingkun-dan-on-ovulation-induction-and-clinical-pregnancy-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#19
Lan Chen, Yong Tan, Shu-Ping Chen
The evaluation is based on clomiphene citrate (CC)+gonadotropin (Gn), clinical study on CC and Dingkun Dan's treatment on ovulation induction and clinical pregnancy effect of PCOS, and to provide ideas and methods for traditional Chinese medicine assisted reproductive treatment. This study selected 60 PCOS infertility patients treated with ovulation induction in reproductive medicine clinic, Jiangsu Province Hospital of traditional Chinese medicine during 2015-10-01-2017-04-23. They were randomly divided into two groups: Group A (CC+Gn+HCG) and Group B (CC+Gn+Dingkun Dan)...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242368/lessons-from-ckd-related-genetic-association-studies-moving-forward
#20
Sophie Limou, Nicolas Vince, Afshin Parsa
Over the past decade, genetic association studies have uncovered numerous determinants of kidney function in the general, diabetic, hypertensive, CKD, ESRD, and GN-based study populations (e.g., IgA nephropathy, membranous nephropathy, FSGS). These studies have led to numerous novel and unanticipated findings, which are helping improve our understanding of factors and pathways affecting both normal and pathologic kidney function. In this review, we report on major discoveries and advances resulting from this rapidly progressing research domain...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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