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Hongyu an

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327516/an-extract-from-shrimp-processing-by-products-protects-sh-sy5y-cells-from-neurotoxicity-induced-by-a%C3%AE-25-35
#1
Yongping Zhang, Guangling Jiao, Cai Song, Shelly Gu, Richard E Brown, Junzeng Zhang, Pingcheng Zhang, Jacques Gagnon, Steven Locke, Roumiana Stefanova, Claude Pelletier, Yi Zhang, Hongyu Lu
Increased evidence suggests that marine unsaturated fatty acids (FAs) can protect neurons from amyloid-β (Aβ)-induced neurodegeneration. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC) assays showed that the acetone extract 4-2A obtained from shrimp Pandalus borealis industry processing wastes contained 67.19% monounsaturated FAs and 16.84% polyunsaturated FAs. The present study evaluated the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of 4-2A in Aβ25-35-insulted differentiated SH-SY5Y cells...
March 22, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323875/the-clinical-features-outcomes-and-genetic-characteristics-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-patients-with-severe-right-ventricular-hypertrophy
#2
Xiying Guo, Chaomei Fan, Lei Tian, Yanling Liu, Hongyue Wang, Shihua Zhao, Fujian Duan, Xiuling Zhang, Xing Zhao, Fengqi Wang, Hongguang Zhu, Aiqing Lin, Xia Wu, Yishi Li
INTRODUCTION: Severe right ventricular hypertrophy (SRVH) is a rare phenotype in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) for which limited information is available. This study was undertaken to investigate the clinical, prognostic and genetic characteristics of HCM patients with SRVH. METHODS: HCM with SRVH was defined as HCM with a maximum right ventricular wall thickness ≥10 mm. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was performed in HCM patients with SRVH. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to identify risk factors for cardiac death and events in HCM with SRVH...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322315/quantitative-proteomic-analysis-on-activated-hepatic-stellate-cells-reversion-reveal-stat1-as-a-key-regulator-between-liver-fibrosis-and-recovery
#3
Hongyu Zhang, Fangyan Chen, Xu Fan, Cong Lin, Yunwei Hao, Handong Wei, Weiran Lin, Ying Jiang, Fuchu He
Understanding the changes of activated HSCs reversion is an essential step toward clarifying the potential roles of HSCs in the treatment of liver fibrosis. In this study, we chose adipocyte differentiation mixture to induce LX-2 cells for 2 days in vitro as reversion phase, comparing with normal cultured LX-2 cells as activation phase. Mass spectrometric-based SILAC technology was adopted to study differentially expressed proteome of LX-2 cells between reversion and activation. Compared with activated HSCs, 273 proteins showed significant differences in reverted HSCs...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321181/rnf146-inhibits-excessive-autophagy-by-modulating-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-glutamate-excitotoxicity-injury
#4
Yuefan Yang, Peng Luo, Haoxiang Xu, Shuhui Dai, Wei Rao, Cheng Peng, Wenke Ma, Jiu Wang, Hongyu Xu, Lei Zhang, Sai Zhang, Zhou Fei
Glutamate induced excitotoxicity is common in diverse neurological disorders. RNF146 as an E3 ubiquitin ligase protects neurons against excitotoxicity via interfering with Poly (ADP-ribose) (PAR) polymer-induced cell death (parthanatos). However, the neuroprotective role of RNF146 has not been fully understood. We aimed to investigate the role of RNF146 in modulating autophagy in HT22 cells under glutamate excitotoxicity injury. Here we found that induction of RNF146 decreased the cellular damage and excitotoxicity induced by glutamate...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320689/use-of-the-total-cancer-care-system-to-enrich-screening-for-cd30-positive-solid-tumors-for-patient-enrollment-into-a-brentuximab-vedotin-clinical-trial-a-pilot-study-to-evaluate-feasibility
#5
Bin Li, Steven A Eschrich, Anders Berglund, Melissa Mitchell, David Fenstermacher, Hadi Danaee, Hongyue Dai, Daniel Sullivan, William L Trepicchio, William S Dalton
BACKGROUND: One approach to identify patients who meet specific eligibility criteria for target-based clinical trials is to use patient and tumor registries to prescreen patient populations. OBJECTIVE: Here we demonstrate that the Total Cancer Care (TCC) Protocol, an ongoing, observational study, may provide a solution for rapidly identifying patients with CD30-positive tumors eligible for CD30-targeted therapies such as brentuximab vedotin. METHODS: The TCC patient gene expression profiling database was retrospectively screened for CD30 gene expression determined using HuRSTA-2a520709 Affymetrix arrays (GPL15048)...
March 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298519/abnormal-influorescence-meristem1-functions-in-salicylic-acid-biosynthesis-to-maintain-proper-reactive-oxygen-species-levels-for-root-meristem-activity-in-rice
#6
Lei Xu, Hongyu Zhao, Wenyuan Ruan, Minjuan Deng, Fang Wang, Jinrong Peng, Jie Luo, Zhixiang Chen, Keke Yi
Root meristem activity determines root growth and root architecture and consequently affects water and nutrient uptake in plants. However, our knowledge about the regulation of root meristem activity in crop plants is very limited. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of a short root mutant in rice (Oryza sativa) with reduced root meristem activity. This root growth defect is caused by a mutation in ABNORMAL INFLUORESCENCE MERISTEM1 (AIM1), which encodes a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, an enzyme involved in β-oxidation...
March 14, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297341/assessment-of-monte-carlo-algorithm-for-compliance-with-rtog-0915-dosimetric-criteria-in-peripheral-lung-cancer-patients-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy
#7
Damodar Pokhrel, Sumit Sood, Rajeev Badkul, Hongyu Jiang, Christopher McClinton, Christopher Lominska, Parvesh Kumar, Fen Wang
The purpose of the study was to evaluate Monte Carlo-generated dose distributions with the X-ray Voxel Monte Carlo (XVMC) algorithm in the treatment of peripheral lung cancer patients using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with non-protocol dose-volume normalization and to assess plan outcomes utilizing RTOG 0915 dosimetric compliance criteria. The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) protocols for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) currently require radiation dose to be calculated using tissue density heterogeneity corrections...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296653/involvement-of-hypothalamic-nitric-oxide-signaling-in-the-modulation-of-a-rat-s-exercise-capacity
#8
Hongyu Liu, Jinjuan Xue
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of nitric oxide (NO) in some regions of the hypothalamus on exercise capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To assess the role of central NO in exercise capacity, L-arginine (L-Arg, a precursor of NO synthesis), NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, a NO synthase inhibitor), or placebo saline was injected into the lateral cerebral ventricle of rats once a day for 4 consecutive days. Thereafter, an one-time exhaustive treadmill exercise was performed, and the levels of nitrate/nitrite, as a marker of NO production, in blood plasma and hypothalamus were assayed...
March 14, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295416/validating-harmful-alcohol-use-as-a-phenotype-for-genetic-discovery-using-phosphatidylethanol-and-a-polymorphism-in-adh1b
#9
Amy C Justice, Kathleen A McGinnis, Jan Tate, Ke Xu, William C Becker, Hongyu Zhao, Joel Gelernter, Henry R Kranzler
BACKGROUND: Although alcohol risk is heritable, few genetic risk variants have been identified. Longitudinal (EHR) data offer a largely untapped source of phenotypic information for genetic studies, but EHR-derived phenotypes for harmful alcohol exposure have yet to be validated. Using a variant of known effect, we used electronic health record (EHR) data to develop and validate a phenotype for harmful alcohol exposure that can be used to identify unknown genetic variants in large samples...
March 11, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295384/noninvasive-fetal-genotyping-of-paternally-inherited-alleles-using-targeted-massively-parallel-sequencing-in-parentage-testing-cases
#10
Donggui Yang, Hao Liang, Yu Gao, Shaobin Lin, Zhiming He, Jun Gao, Hongyu Sun, Qing Li, Xiaoyan Ma, Xueling Ou
BACKGROUND: Researchers have sought to develop a noninvasive protocol for paternity analysis that uses fetal cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in maternal plasma. Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is expected to overcome this challenge because it enables the analysis of millions of DNA molecules at a single-base resolution. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Seven women were involved in prenatal paternity testing cases. Before conventional invasive procedures, cfDNA was isolated from maternal plasma...
March 10, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290205/directly-probing-charge-separation-at-interface-of-tio2-phase-junction
#11
Yuying Gao, Jian Zhu, Hongyu An, Pengli Yan, Baokun Huang, Ruotian Chen, Fengtao Fan, Can Li
Phase junction is often recognized as an effective strategy to achieve efficient charge separation in photocatalysis and photochemistry. As a crucial factor to determine the photogenerated charges dynamics, there is an increasingly hot debate about the energy band alignment across the interface of phase junction. Herein, we reported the direct measurement of the surface potential profile over the interface of TiO2 phase junction. A built-in electric field up to 1 kV/cm from rutile to anatase nanoparticle was detected by Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (KPFM)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288663/macrophage-and-nerve-interaction-in-endometriosis
#12
REVIEW
Jinjie Wu, Hongyu Xie, Shuzhong Yao, Yanchun Liang
Dysregulation of the immune system in endometriotic milieus has been considered to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Macrophage recruitment and nerve fiber infiltration are the two major characteristics of this aberrant immune environment. First, the recruitment of macrophages and their polarization phenotype within the endometriotic lesion have been demonstrated to facilitate the development and maintenance of endometriosis. M1 phenotype of macrophages has the capacity to secrete multiple cytokines for inflammatory response, while M2 macrophage possesses an opposite property that can mediate the process of immunosuppression and neuroangiogenesis...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283452/fractionation-of-enzymatic-hydrolysis-lignin-by-sequential-extraction-for-enhancing-antioxidant-performance
#13
Liangliang An, Guanhua Wang, Hongyu Jia, Cuiyun Liu, Wenjie Sui, Chuanling Si
The heterogeneity of lignin chemical structure and molecular weight results in the lignin inhomogeneous properties which also covers the antioxidant performance. In order to evaluate the effects of lignin heterogeneity on its antioxidant activity, four lignin fractions from enzymatic hydrolysis lignin were classified by sequential organic solvent extraction and further evaluated by DPPH (1,1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging capacity and reducing power analysis. The characterization including FTIR, (1)H NMR and GPC showed that the fractionation process could effectively separate lignin fractions with distinctly different molecular weight and weaken the heterogeneity of unfractionated lignin...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281528/lnc-mg-is-a-long-non-coding-rna-that-promotes-myogenesis
#14
Mu Zhu, Jiafan Liu, Jia Xiao, Li Yang, Mingxiang Cai, Hongyu Shen, Xiaojia Chen, Yi Ma, Sumin Hu, Zuolin Wang, An Hong, Yingxian Li, Yao Sun, Xiaogang Wang
Recent studies indicate important roles for long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as essential regulators of myogenesis and adult skeletal muscle regeneration. However, the specific roles of lncRNAs in myogenic differentiation of adult skeletal muscle stem cells and myogenesis are still largely unknown. Here we identify a lncRNA that is specifically enriched in skeletal muscle (myogenesis-associated lncRNA, in short, lnc-mg). In mice, conditional knockout of lnc-mg in skeletal muscle results in muscle atrophy and the loss of muscular endurance during exercise...
March 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274103/expression-and-characterization-of-a-single-chain-variable-fragment-against-human-lox-1-in-escherichia-coli-and-brevibacillus-choshinensis
#15
Wei Hu, Jun-Yan Xiang, Ping Kong, Ling Liu, Qiuhong Xie, Hongyu Xiang
The single-chain variable fragment (scFv) against lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a promising molecule for its potential use in the diagnosis and immunotherapy of atherosclerosis. Producing this scFv in several milligram amounts could be the starting point for further engineering and application of the scFv. In this study, the abundant expression of the anti-LOX-1 scFv was attempted using Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Brevibacillus choshinensis (B. choshinensis). The scFv had limited soluble yield in E...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267165/unravelling-charge-separation-via-surface-built-in-electric-fields-within-single-particulate-photocatalysts
#16
Ruotian Chen, Jian Zhu, Hongyu An, Fengtao Fan, Can Li
Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (KPFM) and spatially resolved surface photovoltage (SRSPV) techniques were employed to reveal built-in electric fields and surface photogenerated charge distribution on single particulate photocatalysts. The photogenerated holes and electrons spread over the whole surface of the particulate photocatalyst are imaged on n-type BiVO4 and p-type Cu2O single particles, respectively. It is demonstrated that the built-in electric field in the surface Space Charge Region (SCR) dictates the charge separation/transfer processes and allows the drift of one kind of the photogenerated carriers to the surface, while holding another kind of the carriers in the bulk...
March 7, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264686/reproductive-risk-factors-associated-with-breast-cancer-in-women-in-bangui-a-case-control-study
#17
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Cavin Epie Bekolo, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Komlan Kota, Christian Diamont Mossoro-Kpinde, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Jianyuan Zhang, Shaojun Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (breast Ca) is recognised as a major public health problem in the world. Data on reproductive factors associated with breast Ca in the Central African Republic (CAR) is very limited. This study aimed to identify reproductive variables as risk factors for breast Ca in CAR women. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among 174 cases of breast Ca confirmed at the Pathology Unit of the National Laboratory in Bangui between 2003 and 2015 and 348 age-matched controls...
March 6, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261998/use-of-a-targeted-urine-proteome-assay-tupa-to-identify-protein-biomarkers-of-delayed-recovery-after-kidney-transplant
#18
Kenneth R Williams, Christopher M Colangelo, Lin Hou, Lisa Chung, Justin M Belcher, Thomas Abbott, Isaac E Hall, Hongyu Zhao, Lloyd G Cantley, Chirag R Parikh
PURPOSE: Development of delayed graft function (DGF) following kidney transplant is associated with poor outcomes. An ability to rapidly identify patients with DGF versus those with immediate graft function (IGF) may facilitate the treatment of DGF and the research needed to improve prognosis. The purpose of this study was to use a Targeted Urine Proteome Assay (TUPA) to identify protein biomarkers of delayed recovery from kidney transplant. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Potential biomarkers were identified using the TUPA Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) assay to interrogate the relative DGF/IGF levels of expression of 167 proteins in urine taken 12-18 hours after kidney implantation from 21 DGF, 15 SGF (slow graft function), and 16 IGF patients...
March 6, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261759/dihydroartemisinin-sensitizes-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-a549-cells-to-arsenic-trioxide-via-apoptosis
#19
Hongyu Chen, Shiyan Gu, Huangmei Dai, Xinyang Li, Zunzhen Zhang
Recent studies have shown that arsenic trioxide (ATO) is an effective anti-cancer drug for treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia and other types of human cancer. However, we have found that lung cancer cells constantly develop a high level of resistance to ATO. In this study, we have explored a possibility of combination of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) and ATO treatments to reduce ATO resistance of lung cancer cells. We determined the combinatory effects of DHA and ATO on cytotoxicity of human lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cells...
March 6, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260141/evidence-of-natural-co-infection-with-pcv2b-subtypes-in-vivo
#20
Yi Hu, Yang Zhan, Dongliang Wang, Xiaohong Xie, Tanbin Liu, Wei Liu, Naidong Wang, Zhibang Deng, Hongyu Lei, Yi Yang, Aibing Wang
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative pathogen of porcine circovirus-associated diseases (PCVAD). This virus evolves mostly through point mutations and genome recombination between different PCV2 genotypes (e.g. PCV2a and PCV2b), as has been confirmed in swine herds. In the current work, the complete PCV2 genome sequences of 69 clones derived from various tissues (lymph node, spleen and lung,) of an infected individual, were subjected to phylogenetic and alignment analyses. The results not only demonstrate co-infection with distinct PCV2b subtypes (e...
March 4, 2017: Archives of Virology
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