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Hongyu an

Shaoxiang Yang, Yanfeng Hao, Jialin Wang, Hao Wang, Yimeng Zheng, Hongyu Tian, Yongguo Liu, Baoguo Sun
The spice flavour compound 2, 2'-difurfuryl ether (DFE) is widely utilised in the food industry as it has a coffee-like, nutty, earthy, mushroom-like odour. However, despite intensive research efforts, to date, an environmentally friendly and practical synthetic preparation technique for 2, 2'-difurfuryl ether is still unavailable. Here, we investigate a new approach using polyoxometalate catalysts to selectively catalytically dehydrate furfuryl alcohol to 2, 2'-difurfuryl ether. We have successfully applied this methodology using the polyoxometalate (POMs) catalyst {[(CH3CH2CH2CH2)4N]2[SMo12O40]} to produce 2,2'-difurfuryl ether in a 30...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jun Zhou, Qianyu Sun, Dan Chen, Hongyu Wang, Kai Yang
In this study, the hydrogenotrophic denitrifying bacterium Ochrobactrum anthropi was added in to the process of nitrate removal by starch-stabilized nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) to minimize undesirable ammonium. The ammonium control performance and cooperative mechanism of this combined process were investigated, and batch experiments were conducted to discuss the effects of starch-stabilized nZVI dose, biomass, and pH on nitrate reduction and ammonium control of this system. The combined system achieved satisfactory performance because the anaerobic iron corrosion process generates H2, which is used as an electron donor for the autohydrogenotrophic bacterium Ochrobactrum anthropi to achieve the autohydrogenotrophic denitrification process converting nitrate to N2...
October 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Renato Polimanti, Hongyu Zhao, Lindsay A Farrer, Henry R Kranzler, Joel Gelernter
We previously mapped loci for the genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and genome-wide gene-by-alcohol dependence interaction (GW-GxAD) analyses of risky sexual behaviors (RSB). This study extends those findings by analyzing the ancestry- and sex-specific AD-stratified effects on RSB. We examined the concordance of findings for the AD-stratified GWAS and the GW-GxAD analysis of RSB, with concordance defined as genome-wide significance in one analysis and at least nominal significance in the second analysis...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Jijie Wang, Guanna Li, Zelong Li, Chizhou Tang, Zhaochi Feng, Hongyu An, Hailong Liu, Taifeng Liu, Can Li
Although methanol synthesis via CO hydrogenation has been industrialized, CO2 hydrogenation to methanol still confronts great obstacles of low methanol selectivity and poor stability, particularly for supported metal catalysts under industrial conditions. We report a binary metal oxide, ZnO-ZrO2 solid solution catalyst, which can achieve methanol selectivity of up to 86 to 91% with CO2 single-pass conversion of more than 10% under reaction conditions of 5.0 MPa, 24,000 ml/(g hour), H2/CO2 = 3:1 to 4:1, 320° to 315°C...
October 2017: Science Advances
Lizhou Zhang, Hui Li, Yuming Chen, Xiang Gao, Zhen Lu, Li Gao, Yongqiang Wang, Yulong Gao, Honglei Gao, Changjun Liu, Hongyu Cui, Yanping Zhang, Qing Pan, Xiaole Qi, Xiaomei Wang
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an important immunosuppressive virus of chickens. Although the gene functions of IBDV have been well characterized, the host responses during IBDV infection remain much poor. In the present study, casein kinase 1 alpha (CK1α), a novel VP2-associated protein, was down-regulated during IBDV replication in DF1 cells. Further experiments showed that siRNA-mediated knockdown of CK1α inhibited IBDV replication, while overexpression of CK1α promoted IBDV growth. Finally, we revealed that the effects of CK1α expression level on IBDV replication were involved in the negative regulation of CK1α on type I interferon receptor (IFNAR1), because ubiquitination assay analyses demonstrated that CK1α could promote the ubiquitination of IFNAR1, thereby affecting the stability of this receptor...
October 4, 2017: Virology
Hongyu Li, Shaowei Wu, Lu Pan, Junhui Xu, Jiao Shan, Xuan Yang, Wei Dong, Furong Deng, Yahong Chen, Masayuki Shima, Xinbiao Guo
BACKGROUND: Short-term exposure to ambient air pollution has been associated with lower pulmonary function and higher blood pressure (BP). However, controversy remains regarding the relationship between ambient multiple daily ozone (O3) metrics and cardiopulmonary health outcomes, especially in the developing countries. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and compare the short-term effects of various O3 metrics on pulmonary function, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and BP in a panel study of COPD patients...
October 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Haoliang Xu, Julia Rewerska, Nathan Aardsma, Konstantin Slavin, Tibor Valyi-Nagy, Hongyu Ni
Primary central nervous system post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PCNS-PTLD) is a rare complication with inferior survival outcomes in solid organ transplant patients. It represents approximately 7-15% of all PTLD patients. Because of the rarity of this disease, the diagnosis of PCNS-PTLD is often challenging, and the optimal therapy has not been established. We report a case of a renal transplant patient who initially presented with acute altered neurological function, an enhancing mass lesion of the brain on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and nonspecific reactive histopathological changes on brain biopsy...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
Chunyu Zhang, Cong Li, Jun Liu, Yandong Lv, Chunsheng Yu, Hongyu Li, Tao Zhao, Bin Liu, Jianhua Zhang
Water deprivation causes substantial losses in crop yields around the world. In this study, we show that when overexpressed in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa), the bZIP transcription factor OsABF1 confers distinctly different drought-tolerance phenotypes when tethered to the transcriptional activator VP16 versus the transcriptional repressor EAR. We performed chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) assays on transgenic rice lines and determined that OsABF1 binds to DNA sequences containing an ACGT core motif...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Jian Chen, Zhouguang Wang, ZengMing Zheng, Yu Chen, Sinan Khor, KeSi Shi, ZiLi He, Qingqing Wang, Yingzheng Zhao, Hongyu Zhang, Xiaokun Li, Jiawei Li, Jiayu Yin, Xiangyang Wang, Jian Xiao
Therapeutics used to treat central nervous system (CNS) injury were designed to repair neurites and inhibit cell apoptosis. Previous studies have shown that neuron-derived FGF10 exerts potential neuroprotective effects after cerebral ischemia injury. However, little is known about the role of endogenous FGF10 in the recovery process after spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we found that FGF10 is mainly produced by neuron and microglia/macrophages, and its expression is increased after SCI. Exogenous treatment of FGF10 improved functional recovery after injury by reducing apoptosis, as well as repairing neurites via FGFR2/PI3K/Akt pathway...
October 5, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Haibing Yu, Hongyu Zhang, Zhigang Chu, Qiongfang Ruan, Xueru Chen, Danli Kong, Xiaodong Huang, Huawen Li, Huanwen Tang, Hongjin Wu, Yifei Wang, Weiguo Xie, Yuanling Ding, Paul Yao
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has widely infected more than 90% of human populations. Currently, there is no efficient way to remove the virus because the EBV carriers are usually in a latent stage that allows them to escape the immune system and common antiviral drugs. In the effort to develop an efficient strategy for the removal of the EBV virus, we have shown that betulinic acid (BA) slightly suppresses EBV replication through SOD2 suppression with subsequent reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and DNA damage in EBV-transformed LCL (lymphoblastoid cell line) cells...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Yanbin Ma, Defang Duan, Ziji Shao, Da Li, Liyuan Wang, Hongyu Yu, Fubo Tian, Hui Xie, Bingbing Liu, Tian Cui
Invigorated by the high temperature superconductivity in some binary hydrogen-dominated compounds, we systematically explored high-pressure phase diagrams and superconductivity of a ternary Mg-Ge-H system using ab initio methods. Stoichiometric MgGeH6 with high hydrogen content exhibiting Pm3[combining macron] symmetry was predicted from a series of high-pressure synthesis paths. We performed an in-depth study on three distinct formation routes to MgGeH6, i.e., Mg + Ge + 3H2 → MgGeH6, MgGe + 3H2 → MgGeH6 and MgH2 + GeH4 → MgGeH6 at high pressures...
October 4, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Liang Chi, Xiaoming Bian, Bei Gao, Pengcheng Tu, Hongyu Ru, Kun Lu
Multiple environmental factors induce dysbiosis in the gut microbiome and cause a variety of human diseases. Previously, we have first demonstrated that arsenic alters the composition of the gut microbiome. However, the functional impact of arsenic on the gut microbiome has not been adequately assessed, particularly at environmentally relevant concentrations. In this study, we used 16S rRNA sequencing and metagenomics sequencing to investigate how exposure to 100 ppb arsenic for 13 weeks alters the composition and functional capacity of the gut microbiome in mice...
August 29, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Hongyu Zhu, Sunil Kumar, Lisa G Neven
Codling moth (Cydia pomonella L.) is an internal feeding pest of apples and can cause substantial economic losses to fruit growers due to larval feeding which in turn degrades fruit quality and can result in complete crop loss if left uncontrolled. Although this pest originally developed in central Asia, it was not known to occur in China until 1953. For the first three decades the spread of codling moth within China was slow. Within the last three decades, addition of new commercial apple orchards and improved transportation, this pest has spread to over 131 counties in seven provinces in China...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Xichen Wang, Hongbo Jiang, Xuemei Wang, Hongyu Liu, Ling Zhou, Xiwei Lu
BACKGROUND: Although China has paid more attention on the prevention and control of tuberculosis (TB) in schools, several unsolved questions in this field still threaten the progress of TB control. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop a systematic and practical strategy for Chinese school TB prevention and control system. In this study, we aimed to assess the feasibility of a combined strategy named ESMPE (examination, screening, monitoring, prevention and education) that adhere to the basic principles of Chinese schools TB control strategy...
2017: PloS One
Jian Zhu, Shan Pang, Thomas Dittrich, Yuying Gao, Wei Nie, Junyan Cui, Ruotian Chen, Hongyu An, Fengtao Fan, Can Li
The cocatalysts or dual cocatalysts of photocatalysts are indispensable for high efficiency in artificial photosynthesis for solar fuel production. However, the reaction activity increased by cocatalysts cannot be directly ascribed to the accelerated catalytic kinetics, since photogenerated charges are involved in the elementary steps of photocatalytic reactions. To date, diverging views about cocatalysts show that their exact role for photocatalysis is not well understood yet. Herein, we image directly the local separation of photogenerated charge carriers across single crystals of the BiVO4 photocatalyst which loaded locally with nanoparticles of a MnOx single cocatalyst or with nanoparticles of a spatially separated MnOx and Pt dual cocatalyst...
October 5, 2017: Nano Letters
Zhengze Yu, Meimei Wang, Wei Pan, Hongyu Wang, Na Li, Bo Tang
Nanoparticles as novel theranostic agents for cancer treatment have been extensively investigated in recent years. However, the poor tumor selectivity and retention of the theranostic agents result in unsatisfactory performance of both the diagnostic and therapeutic functions. Herein, we developed an alpha-cyclodextrin (α-CD)-based gold/DNA nanomachine for tumor-selective diagnosis and therapy. The α-CDs were capped at the ends of DNA, and their release was triggered by the low pH of the tumor microenvironment, which further resulted in DNA self-assembly through complementary base pairing...
July 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Yuyu Guo, Hongyu Wu, Xiang Li, Qi Li, Xinyan Zhao, Xueqing Duan, Yanrong An, Wei Lv, Hailong An
GRAS transcriptional factors have diverse functions in plant growth and development, and are named after the first three transcription factors, namely, GAI (GIBBERELLIC ACID INSENSITIVE), RGA (REPRESSOR OF GAI) and SCR (SCARECROW) identified in this family. Knowledge of the GRAS gene family in maize remains was largely unknown, and their characterization is necessary to understand their importance in the maize life cycle. This study identified 86 GRAS genes in maize, and further characterized with phylogenetics, gene structural analysis, genomic loci, and expression patterns...
2017: PloS One
Sanjiv B Amin, Satish Saluja, Arvind Saili, Mark Orlando, Hongyue Wang, Nirupama Laroia, Asha Agarwal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Significant hyperbilirubinemia (SHB) may cause chronic auditory toxicity (auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder and/or sensorineural hearing loss); however, total serum bilirubin (TSB) does not discriminate neonates at risk for auditory toxicity. Our objective was to compare TSB, bilirubin albumin molar ratio (BAMR), and unbound bilirubin (UB) for their association with chronic auditory toxicity in neonates with SHB (TSB ≥20 mg/dL or TSB that met criteria for exchange transfusion)...
October 2017: Pediatrics
Zhongyu Xu, Haibin Zhou, Lin Lei, Hongyu Li, Weiye Yu, Zhen Fu, Nanjin Wu, Ji Peng, Ping Yin
Cancer is a serious public health issue and the leading cause of death around the world. This article aimed to estimate the cancer incidence and the trend in standardized cancer incidence in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, South China during 2001-2015 by analyzing the cancer data of the population-based cancer registry in Shenzhen. Data were collected from the cancer registry in Shenzhen, which was conducted during 2001-2015. In this registry, the crude incidence rates, age-specific incidence rates, age-standardized incidence rates and cumulative incidence rates were calculated in every five years...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hongyu Liu, Ling Chen, Jialin Liu, Hengxing Meng, Rong Zhang, Lin Ma, Liangliang Wu, Songyan Yu, Fei Shi, Ying Li, Lijun Zhang, Lingxiong Wang, Shiyu Feng, Qi Zhang, Yaojun Peng, Qiyan Wu, Chunxi Liu, Xin Chang, Lin Yang, Xinguang Yu, Tianyi Liu
Dendritic cell (DC) vaccine-based immunotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has shown apparent benefit in animal experiments and early-phase clinical trials, but the survival benefit is variable. In this work, we analyzed the mechanism of the potent antitumor immune response induced in vivo by tumor-associated antigen (TAA)-specific DCs with an invariant natural killer T cell (iNKT) adjuvant in orthotopic glioblastoma-bearing rats vaccinated with tumor-derived exosomes and α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) -pulsed DCs...
September 23, 2017: Cancer Letters
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