keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood transfusion in preterm

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145693/early-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#1
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Sanjay M Aher
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have low plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO), providing a rationale for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) to prevent or treat anaemia and to provide neuro protection and protection against necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). Darbepoetin (Darbe) and EPO are currently available ESAs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of ESAs (erythropoietin (EPO) and/or Darbe) initiated early (before eight days after birth) compared with placebo or no intervention in reducing red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, adverse neurological outcomes, and feeding intolerance including necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm and/or low birth weight infants...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131125/splanchnic-cerebral-oxygenation-ratio-decreases-during-enteral-feedings-in-anemic-preterm-infants-observations-under-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#2
Katherine Braski, Kimberlee Weaver-Lewis, Manndi Loertscher, Qian Ding, Xiaoming Sheng, Mariana Baserga
BACKGROUND: Anemia is common in premature infants. Due to risks with red blood cell transfusions, many anemic infants are not transfused. The implications of this pathophysiologic status, especially at times of increased metabolic demand (enteral feedings), is not well understood. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) allows for the noninvasive determination of regional oxygen saturations (rSO2) in tissues such as the brain and mesentery, giving insight into their oxygen sufficiency. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that during enteral feedings very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with a hematocrit ≤28% will experience a decrease in splanchnic rSO2 and splanchnic-cerebral oxygenation ratio (SCOR)...
November 8, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101631/effect-of-placental-transfusion-on-iron-stores-in-moderately-preterm-neonates-of-30-33%C3%A2-weeks-gestation
#3
Bikramjit Das, Venkataseshan Sundaram, Praveen Kumar, William T Mordi, Lakhbir K Dhaliwal, Reena Das
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of placental transfusion by delayed cord clamping (DCC) of 60 s or cord milking (CM) on serum ferritin levels at hospital discharge and 3 mo of postmenstrual age (PMA) in preterm neonates of 30 to 33 wk gestation in comparison to early cord clamping (ECC) within 10 s. METHODS: This mixed longitudinal study was conducted in moderately preterm neonates of 30 to 33 wk gestation born in a level III unit in Northern India with the study sample nested within a randomized controlled trial on placental transfusion...
November 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097178/delayed-versus-early-umbilical-cord-clamping-for-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Michael Fogarty, David A Osborn, Lisa Askie, Anna Lene Seidler, Kylie Hunter, Kei Lui, John Simes, William Tarnow-Mordi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of delayed versus early cord clamping on hospital mortality (primary outcome) and morbidity in preterm infants using Cochrane Collaboration Neonatal Review Group methodology. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Chinese articles, cross-referencing citations, expert informants and trial registries to 31 July 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY: RCTs of delayed (≥ 30 seconds) vs early (<30 seconds) clamping in infants born <37 weeks gestation...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092682/evaluation-of-dynamic-thiol-disulfide-homeostasis-in-very-low-birth-weighted-preterms
#5
Sezin Unal, Dilek Ulubas Isik, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Sara Erol, İlter Arifoglu, Murat Alisik, Ozcan Erel, Nihal Demirel
BACKGROUND: Thiols are organic compounds containing sulfhydryl groups which exert antioxidant effects via dynamic thiol-disulfide homeostasis. The shift towards disulfides indicates the presence of oxidative environment. Thiol-disulfide homeostasis has not been evaluated in neonates. We aimed to evaluate dynamic thiol-disulfide homeostasis in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants with birth weight less than 1500 grams (25-32 weeks of gestation) were included...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065730/fetal-hydrops-and-the-risk-of-severe-preeclampsia
#6
Richard M Burwick, Rachel A Pilliod, Stephanie E Dukhovny, Aaron B Caughey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and severity of preeclampsia in pregnancies complicated by fetal hydrops. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of singleton gestations from 2005-2008 in California. The primary predictor was fetal hydrops and the primary outcome was preeclampsia. Selected adverse maternal and neonatal events were assessed as secondary outcomes. Potential confounders examined included fetal anomalies, polyhydramnios, race/ethnicity, nulliparity, chronic hypertension, and gestational or pregestational diabetes mellitus...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016494/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-indicated-preterm-births-based-on-the-intended-mode-of-delivery
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Spencer G Kuper, Rachel A Sievert, Robin Steele, Joseph R Biggio, Alan T Tita, Lorie M Harper
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in women who underwent induction of labor or planned cesarean delivery in indicated preterm births before 34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all indicated singleton preterm births (23-34 weeks of gestation) in a tertiary center from 2011 to 2014. The primary maternal outcome was a composite of early postpartum hemorrhage, blood transfusion, operative complications, postpartum complications, and clinical chorioamnionitis...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990078/increased-expression-of-high-mobility-group-box-protein-1-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-placenta-previa
#8
Han Xie, Ping Qiao, Yi Lu, Ying Li, Yuping Tang, Yiying Huang, Yirong Bao, Hao Ying
Placenta previa is often associated with preterm delivery, reduced birth weight, a higher frequency of placental accreta and postpartum haemorrhage, and increased likelihood of blood transfusion. The present study aimed to examine the expression of high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) in the placenta of women with or without placenta previa. The study group consisted of placental tissues obtained from women with or without placenta previa. The expression levels of HMGB1 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were evaluated in the placental tissues using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and immunohistochemistry...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970693/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-a-neonate-due-to-possible-transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury
#9
Arti Maria, Sheetal Agarwal, Anu Sharma
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a potentially life-threatening complication of blood component transfusion. It is relatively underdiagnosed entity in neonates with scant literature. We report a case of TRALI in a preterm neonate developing acute respiratory distress within 6 h of blood product transfusion in the absence of preexisting lung disease. Prompt ventilator and supportive management were instituted. The baby showed clinical and radiological improvement within 12 h; however, he succumbed to death due to acute massive pulmonary hemorrhage 36 h later...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952974/assessment-of-mesenteric-tissue-saturation-oxygen-saturation-and-heart-rate-pre-and-post-blood-transfusion-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-using-abdominal-site-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#10
Harriet D Miller, Daleen A Penoyer, Kari Baumann, Ann Diaz, Mary Lou Sole, Susan M Bowles
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants often receive blood transfusions during hospitalization. Although transfusions are intended to enhance oxygen delivery, previous studies found decreases in tissue and mesenteric oxygen saturation during and after blood transfusions without changes in vital signs and hemoglobin oxygen saturation. PURPOSE: To study the effect of blood transfusions on regional mesenteric tissue oxygen saturation (rSO2), hemoglobin saturation of oxygen (SpO2), and heart rate (HR) in premature infants...
August 3, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932266/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infections-in-obstetrics-a-retrospective-study-in-an-ethiopian-referral-hospital
#11
Teshager Mamo, Tilaye Workneh Abebe, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are at risk of infection during labor and delivery. Infection in obstetrics accounts for the second most common cause of maternal mortality next to post partum hemorrhage. Knowing the prevalence and associated risk factors would help to undertake optimal precautions and standard surgical techniques to reduce surgical site infection which poses increased hospital cost and total hospital stay of the patients. METHOD: Facility based retrospective observational study design was carried out purposively to assess the prevalence of surgical site infections and associated risk factors among mothers who had delivery related surgery at obstetric ward of Assela teaching referral hospital from April, 23, 2015 to September 5, 2015...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921502/delayed-cord-clamping-and-cord-gas-analysis-at-birth
#12
Serena Xodo, Luigi Xodo, Vincenzo Berghella
Delayed cord clamping for at least 60 s in both term and preterm babies is a major recent change in clinical care. Delayed cord clamping has several effects on other possible interventions. One of these is the effect of delayed cord clamping on umbilical artery gas analysis. When indicated, umbilical artery gas analysis can safely be done either with early cord clamping or, probably most of the times it is necessary, during delayed cord clamping with the cord still unclamped. Paired blood samples (one from the umbilical artery and one from the umbilical vein) can be taken from the pulsating and unclamped cord, immediately after birth, during delayed cord clamping, without any effect on either the accuracy of umbilical artery gas analysis or the transfusion of blood through delayed cord clamping...
September 16, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919619/comparison-of-serum-bilirubin-with-transcutaneous-bilirubinometry-in-late-preterm-and-term-newborn
#13
N Nahar, M A Mannan, A C Dey, F Ahmed, K A Khan, I Jahan, S K Dey, M Shahidullah
Neonatal jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia is a common occurrence in newborns. It can progress to develop kernicterus unless intervention is initiated. Severity and decision for management are usually based on serum bilirubin which needs blood sampling. Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement is a noninvasive technique and correlates closely with serum bilirubin. This Cross sectional study was done in the Department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University from March 2013 to August 2014 to evaluate the transcutaneous bilirubin in comparison to serum bilirubin...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916576/withholding-feeds-and-transfusion-associated-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Bonny Jasani, Shripada Rao, Sanjay Patole
Limited evidence exists to support the withholding of feeds during packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion to reduce the incidence of transfusion-associated necrotizing enterocolitis (TANEC) in preterm infants. The aim of the manuscript was to systematically review studies reporting the effect of implementing a policy of withholding feeds on the incidence of TANEC in preterm infants. The following databases were searched for relevant studies published between the databases' inception and December 2016: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Pediatric Academic Societies Abstract Archive...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891361/risk-factors-and-complications-of-manual-placental-removal-after-vaginal-delivery-how-common-are-additional-invasive-procedures
#15
Matan Anteby, Ariel Many, Eran Ashwal, Yariv Yogev, Shiri Shinar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess risk factors and complications of manual placental removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An historical prospective study of all parturients undergoing manual placental removal between 2012 and 2014. Parturients were matched by time of delivery with parturients delivering vaginally with spontaneous placental separation. Multiple gestations, preterm deliveries, incomplete placental separation and uterine malformations were excluded...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854506/transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury-following-pda-ligation-in-a-preterm-neonate
#16
R G LaGrandeur, M Tran, C Merchant, C Uy
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a life-threatening complication of blood product transfusion characterized by sudden onset hypoxemic respiratory failure with bilateral lung infiltrates and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema developing within 6 hours of transfusion. It is believed to be under-recognized, particularly among preterm neonates in whom co-existing developmental lung disease adds diagnostic complexity. Here we report the case of a preterm neonate who developed TRALI during a blood transfusion following PDA ligation...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728892/-pediatric-preparations-of-blood-products
#17
C Boulat
The transfusion in pediatrics may require specific preparations to adapt to the various characteristics from preterm neonates to big child: weight, immaturity, immune system, blood volume, long and short-term prognosis, and to meet the needs of pathologies related to the perinatal period. The knowledge of the process for preparation, conservation and administration of these particular products shall permit a transfusion in safe conditions by supporting the prescribers in a personalized blood management.
September 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715801/fetal-urine-production-rate-in-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-is-associated-with-adverse-neonatal-outcome-a-pilot-study
#18
Tehila Avitan, Lior Drukker, Hadass Pri-Chen, Ron Rabinowitz, Nurit Algur, Michael S Schimmel, Letizia Schreiber, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Arnon Samueloff, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky
AIM: In this study, we evaluate the associations between fetal urinary production rate (FUPR), measured by ultrasound, and adverse neonatal outcome in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: We conducted a prospective pilot cohort of singleton pregnancies complicated by PPROM occurring at gestational week 24 or later managed until spontaneous labor (after 48 h of admission), chorioamnionitis, or induction by protocol at 35 + 0 weeks. FUPR was evaluated by 2D sonography at admission (corrected for gestational age)...
July 18, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646578/the-impact-of-a-novel-transendometrial-approach-for-caesarean-myomectomy-on-obstetric-outcomes-of-subsequent-pregnancy-a-longitudinal-panel-study
#19
S Y Huang, S W Shaw, S Y Su, W F Li, H H Peng, P J Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the obstetric and surgical outcomes of a novel transendometrial approach for myomectomy during caesarean section in subsequent pregnancies. DESIGN: Longitudinal panel study. SETTING: Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan, with approximately 5000 births per annum. POPULATION: Pregnant women complicated with uterine myoma. METHOD: Sixty-three pregnant women who received transendometrial myomectomy during the first caesarean delivery reported a subsequent live pregnancy and planned an elective repeat caesarean delivery...
June 24, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629246/clinical-significance-of-primary-symptoms-in-women-with-placental-abruption
#20
Youwen Mei, Yonghong Lin
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical significance of primary symptoms in women with placental abruption. METHODS: A retrospective study of 273 cases of placental abruption was performed. The subjects were classified into two groups according to primary symptoms: 210 cases of the vaginal bleeding group and 63 cases of the abdominal pain group. The clinical features, maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between two groups. RESULTS: The incidence of preeclampsia and preterm birth in the vaginal bleeding group was significantly lower than abdominal pain group, while the incidence of premature rupture of membrane (PROM) in the former group was higher than that in the latter group...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
45644
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"