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Blood transfusion and neonate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774554/laboratory-assessment-of-the-quality-of-adult-and-neonatal-red-cell-concentrates-manufactured-from-whole-blood-exchange-transfusion-or-intrauterine-transfusion-red-cell-units
#1
A Meli, H New, M McAndrew, M Wiltshire, R Cardigan
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the quality of red cell components in additive solution over 42 days of storage when re-manufactured from neonatal exchange transfusion (ExTx) or intrauterine transfusion (IUT) units on day 7 for issue to adults, neonates or infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Red cell concentrates (RCC) manufactured from WB were compared to RCC re-manufactured from ExTx or IUT on day 7, and red cell splits (RCS) manufactured from WB were compared to RCS re-manufactured from ExTx or IUT on day 7...
May 17, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770295/recent-innovations-in-perfusion-and-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-neonatal-and-infant-cardiac-surgery
#2
REVIEW
David Sturmer, Claude Beaty, Sean Clingan, Eric Jenkins, Whitney Peters, Ming-Sing Si
The development and refinement of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has made the repair of complex congenital heart defects possible in neonates and infants. In the past, the primary goal for these procedures was patient survival. Now that substantial survival rates have been achieved for even the most complex of repairs in these patients, focus has been given to the reduction of morbidity. Although a necessity for these complex neonatal and infant heart defect repairs, CPB can also be an important source of perioperative complications...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758592/comparison-of-a-therapeutic-only-versus-prophylactic-platelet-transfusion-policy-for-people-with-congenital-or-acquired-bone-marrow-failure-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Reem Malouf, Asma Ashraf, Andreas V Hadjinicolaou, Carolyn Doree, Sally Hopewell, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow disorders encompass a group of diseases characterised by reduced production of red cells, white cells, and platelets, or defects in their function, or both. The most common bone marrow disorder is myelodysplastic syndrome. Thrombocytopenia, a low platelet count, commonly occurs in people with bone marrow failure. Platetet transfusions are routinely used in people with thrombocytopenia secondary to bone marrow failure disorders to treat or prevent bleeding. Myelodysplastic syndrome is currently the most common reason for receiving a platelet transfusion in some Western countries...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756373/do-feeding-practices-during-transfusion-influence-the-risk-of-developing-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#4
Cathie Hilditch, Amy Keir
Our evidence-based review set out to answer the clinical question 'In a preterm infant (patient) with anaemia of prematurity, do feeding practices (intervention) during blood transfusion reduce the risk of developing transfusion-associated necrotising enterocolitis (outcome)'? We found limited evidence that withholding feeding during red blood cell transfusion in preterm infants may reduce the risk of development of transfusion-associated necrotising enterocolitis. As clinical equipoise seemingly exists, it seems reasonable for individual units to make their own decisions regarding whether to withhold or continue enteral feeds during red blood cell transfusion until further evidence is available...
May 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747267/-application-of-uterine-lower-part-breakwater-like-suture-operation-in-placenta-previa
#5
Y Zhao, J W Zhu, D Wu, Q H Wang, S S Lu, X X Liu, L Zou
Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of uterine lower posterior wall breakwater-like suture technique in controlling the intraoperative bleeding of placenta previa. Methods: From June 2016 to June 2017, 47 patients were diagnosed placenta previa in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Posterior wall breakwater-like suture technique was used preferentially, as for cases with poor myometrium layer, lower anterior wall stitch suture was used at the same time...
April 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740190/does-duration-of-caffeine-therapy-in-preterm-infants-born-%C3%A2-1250-g-at-birth-influence-neurodevelopmental-nd-outcomes-at-3-years-of-age
#6
A Lodha, Y Rabi, A Soraisham, J Dobry, Arijit Lodha, H Amin, E Al Awad, S Tang, A Sahai, V Bhandari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of duration of caffeine use on long-term neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes at 3 years corrected age (CA) in preterm infants with birthweights (BW) ≤ 1250 g. DESIGN/METHODS: All surviving infants with BW ≤ 1250 g admitted to the Foothills Medical Center neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from January 2002 to December 2009 who received the first dose of caffeine in the first week of life and were followed up at three years CA were included in the study...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739087/human-neutrophil-alloantigen-genotype-frequencies-among-syrian-population
#7
Barbara Hauck-Dlimi, Mohammed Damrah, Susanne Achenbach, Stephan Ott, Robert Zimmermann, Juergen Zingsem, Julian Strobel
BACKGROUND: Human neutrophil antigens (HNA) are able to provoke allo- and autoimmune antibodies which lead to reactions like autoimmune and neonatal neutropenia. However, until now no data about HNA genotype distribution in Syrian population exists. The aim of this study was to determine the HNA allele frequencies in the largest group asking for asylum in Germany since 2015. Allele frequencies were compared to data from German blood donors. Therefore, we calculated the risk of alloimmunization and associated transfusion reactions, as well as the risk of developing neonatal neutropenia for newborns of mixed race couples...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732576/transfusions-of-least-incompatible-blood-with-intravenous-immunoglobulin-plus-steroids-cover-in-two-patients-with-rare-antibody
#8
Nay Win, Malcolm Needs, Nicole Thornton, Robert Webster, Cherry Chang
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic value of the use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) to correct anemia and thrombocytopenia as a result of immunologic causes (hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn and fetal or neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia) have been well established. Few published papers exist regarding the use of IVIG in adult settings. We report two patients with clinically significant antibodies against high-incidence antigens, who were successfully transfused with incompatible red blood cells (RBCs), in conjunction with IVIG plus steroids and IVIG...
May 6, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713209/adoption-of-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-guidelines-and-its-effect-on-blood-exchange-transfusion-rate-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-amman-jordan
#9
Manar Al-Lawama, Eman Al-Rimawi, Rawan Al-Shibi, Eman Badran
Introduction: Severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia can cause mortality and serious morbidities. When phototherapy fails, neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia should undergo double volume blood exchange transfusion (BET). As this procedure carries a significant risk of mortality and morbidity, adopting guidelines for the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is critical to avoid hyperbilirubinemia toxicity and also the complication of an unindicated procedure. Methods: This study investigated the causes, complications, and trend of BET rate in our unit over a 13-year period...
2018: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706371/an-anticoagulation-protocol-for-use-after-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#10
Asha G Nair, Olubunmi O Oladunjoye, Cameron C Trenor, Meena LaRonde, Sarah J van den Bosch, Lynn A Sleeper, Christina VanderPluym, Sitaram M Emani, John N Kheir
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease are at high risk for bleeding as well as thrombosis in the postoperative period. The objective of the study was to describe the design and effects of implementing a standardized unfractionated heparin anticoagulation protocol for children after congenital heart surgery. METHODS: We created a tiered guideline for the postoperative management of bleeding and thrombosis. In patients treated with unfractionated heparin, anti-factor Xa activity level as well as activated partial thromboplastin time were used for dose titration...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699436/the-association-of-different-progesterone-preparations-with-preterm-birth-prevention
#11
Eyal Krispin, Eran Hadar, Rony Chen, Arnon Wiznitzer, Boris Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the efficacy of commonly available progesterone preparations for preterm birth prevention. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all women treated with progesterone to prevent preterm birth and delivered in a single university-affiliated tertiary medical-center. Four progesterone preparations were compared: vaginal Endometrin 100 mg twice daily, vaginal Crinone 8% gel 90 mg daily, vaginal Utrogestan 200 mg daily, and intramuscular 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) 250 mg weekly...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692297/estimating-the-risk-of-vertical-transmission-of-dengue-a-prospective-study
#12
Célia Basurko, Séverine Matheus, Hélène Hildéral, Sibille Everhard, Marion Restrepo, Emma Cuadro-Alvarez, Véronique Lambert, Rachida Boukhari, Jean-Pierre Duvernois, Anne Favre, Mathieu Nacher, Gabriel Carles
The incidence of dengue worldwide is increasing rapidly. A better understanding of dengue transmission may help improve interventions against this major public health problem. The virus is mostly transmitted by vectors. There are, however, other modes of transmission, notably mother-to-child transmission or vertical transmission. We studied a prospective cohort of 54 women who had dengue while pregnant during the 2012-2013 epidemic in French Guiana to estimate the mother-to-child transmission rate and assess the clinical and biological presentation of neonatal dengue...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677086/hematologic-adverse-events-associated-with-prolonged-valganciclovir-treatment-in-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#13
Liron Ziv, Joanne Yacobovich, Joseph Pardo, Havatzelet Yarden-Bilavsky, Jacob Amir, Micky Osovsky, Efraim Bilavsky
BACKGROUND: Valganciclovir (2/d) therapy for 6 months in neonates with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection improves hearing and neurodevelopmental outcome. The only reported adverse event was neutropenia. Since 2009, our protocol for symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection was a 1-year treatment of 2/d for the first 3 months followed by 9 months of 1/d. METHODS: A retrospective study. Infants with congenital cytomegalovirus treated with valganciclovir for 1 year were recruited...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673669/rupture-of-the-scarred-and-unscarred-gravid-uterus-outcomes-and-risk-factors-analysis
#14
Shu-Han You, Yao-Lung Chang, Chih-Feng Yen
OBJECTIVE: To study the maternal and fetal outcomes and assess the risk factors in patients with rupture at the lower-segment or non-lower-segment scarred, or unscarred gravid uterus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gravid patients with uterine rupture were retrospectively collected in Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital from November 2004 to July 2017. The rupture timing and location in association with maternal and fetal outcomes were collected as well as the possible risk factors including surgical history and interval prior to conception were analyzed...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669381/prevalence-of-congenital-cmv-infection-and-antiviral-therapy-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-observations-of-the-german-neonatal-network
#15
Alexander Humberg, Viola Leienbach, Mats I Fortmann, Tanja K Rausch, Horst Buxmann, Andreas Müller, Egbert Herting, Christoph Härtel, Wolfgang Göpel
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of congenital CMV infection (cCMV) in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI) and to evaluate epidemiological characteristics of VLBWI with antiviral therapy (AT). METHODS: CMV-specific PCR in umbilical cord tissue was performed (n=3330). Univariate analyses and logistic regression models were used to identify associations with outcome. RESULTS: 22/3330 VLBWI received AT (0.66%). 4 of these (0.12%) were PCR positive, with 2 VLBWI showing pathological screening for hearing loss...
April 18, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668548/clinical-course-of-homozygous-hemoglobin-constant-spring-in-pediatric-patients
#16
Patcharee Komvilaisak, Arunee Jetsrisuparb, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Ratana Komwilaisak, Junya Jirapradittha, Pakaphan Kiatchoosakun
BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin (Hb) Constant Spring is an alpha-globin gene variant due to a mutation of the stop codon resulting in the elongation of the encoded polypeptide from 141 to 172 amino acid residues. Patients with homozygous Hb Constant Spring are usually mildly anemic. METHODS: We retrospectively describe clinical manifestations, diagnosis, laboratory investigations, treatment, and associated findings in pediatric patients with homozygous Hb Constant Spring followed-up at Srinagarind Hospital...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667253/patient-blood-management-what-does-this-actually-mean-for-neonates-and-infants
#17
REVIEW
G L Crighton, H V New, H G Liley, S J Stanworth
Patient blood management (PBM) refers to an evidence-based package of care that aims to improve patient outcomes by optimal use of transfusion therapy, including managing anaemia, preventing blood loss and improving anaemia tolerance in surgical and other patients who may need transfusion. In adults, PBM programmes are well established, yet the definition and implementation of PBM in neonates and children lags behind. Neonates and infants are frequently transfused, yet they are often under-represented in transfusion trials...
April 17, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666679/intrauterine-fetal-blood-transfusion-descriptive-study-of-the-first-four-years-experience-in-oman
#18
Arwa Z Al-Riyami, Mouza Al-Salmani, Sabria N Al-Hashami, Sabah Al-Mahrooqi, Ali Al-Marhoobi, Sumaiya Al-Hinai, Saif Al-Hosni, Sathiya M Panchatcharam, Zainab A Al-Arimi
Objectives: Haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) causes hydrops fetalis . The successful treatment of HDFN has been reported with intrauterine blood transfusion (IUT). This study aimed to describe the initial experience with IUT procedures in Oman. Methods: This retrospective observational study took place at the Royal Hospital and Sultan Qaboos University Hospital Blood Bank, Muscat, Oman, and included all women who underwent IUT procedures in Oman between March 2012 and March 2016...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651358/pilot-study-of-intra-aortic-balloon-occlusion-to-limit-morbidity-in-patients-with-adherent-placentation-undergoing-cesarean-hysterectomy
#19
Elizabeth Blumenthal, Rashmi Rao, Aisling Murphy, Jeffrey Gornbein, Richard Hong, John M Moriarty, Daniel A Kahn, Carla Janzen
Objective  We study whether using an intra-aortic balloon (IAB) during cesarean hysterectomy decreases delivery morbidity in patients with suspected morbidly adherent placentation. Study Design  This is a retrospective cohort study of deliveries complicated by suspected abnormal placentation between 2009 and 2016 comparing maternal and neonatal outcomes with an IAB placed prior to cesarean hysterectomy versus no IAB. The primary outcome included quantified blood loss (QBL). Results  Thirty-five cases were reviewed, 16 with IAB and 19 without IAB...
April 2018: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624818/incidence-of-hbv-infection-in-young-chinese-blood-donors-born-after-mandatory-implementation-of-neonatal-hepatitis-b-vaccination-nationwide
#20
Xi Tang, Jean-Pierre Allain, Hao Wang, Xia Rong, Jinyan Chen, Ke Huang, Ru Xu, Min Wang, Jieting Huang, Qiao Liao, Zhengang Shan, Shengxue Luo, Tingting Li, Chengyao Li, Yongshui Fu
This study was carried out to determine the incidence of HBV infection in the young generation born after mandatory implementation of hepatitis B vaccination since 1992. Repeat blood donors born between 1992 and 1997 were enrolled, who gave blood at least twice during the past three years. Donors were tested for HBV infection markers of HBsAg, anti-HBc, anti-HBs and viral DNA by immunoassays (EIAs) and nucleic acid tests (NAT). A total of 14937 pre-donation screening qualified young repeat donors aged 18-23 were tested with 9 (0...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
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