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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088619/pappa-ante-portas-the-effect-of-the-husband-s-retirement-on-the-wife-s-mental-health-in-japan
#1
Marco Bertoni, Giorgio Brunello
The "Retired Husband Syndrome", that affects the mental health of wives of retired men around the world, has been anecdotally documented but never formally investigated. Using Japanese micro-data and the exogenous variation across cohorts in the maximum age of guaranteed employment induced by a 2006 Japanese reform, we estimate that the husband's earlier retirement significantly increases the probability that the wife reports symptoms related to the syndrome. We also find that retirement has a negative effect both on the household's economic situation and on the husband's own mental health, and that the higher economic distress contributes to reducing the wife's mental health...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088436/injury-severity-sex-and-transfusion-volume-but-not-transfusion-ratio-predict-inflammatory-complications-after-traumatic-injury
#2
Allison R Jones, Heather M Bush, Susan K Frazier
BACKGROUND: Blood component (packed red blood cells [PRBC], fresh frozen plasma [FFP], platelets [PLT]) ratios transfused in a 1:1:1 fashion are associated with survival after trauma; the relationship among blood component ratios and inflammatory complications after trauma is not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship among blood component ratios (1:1 vs other for PRBC:FFP and PRBC:PLT) and inflammatory complications (primary outcome) in patients with major trauma...
January 11, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079811/routine-application-of-lung-ultrasonography-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#3
Shui-Wen Chen, Wei Fu, Jing Liu, Yan Wang
The aim of this study was to study the features of lung ultrasonography (LUS) in lung disease and to evaluate the usefulness of LUS in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).All of 3405 neonates included in this study underwent an LUS examination. Diagnoses were based on medical history, clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, and signs on chest radiography (CR) and/or computed tomography (CT). A single expert physician performed all LUS examinations.There were 2658 cases (78.9%) with lung disease and 747 cases (21...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079607/mapping-regional-differences-of-local-pressure-volume-curves-with-electrical-impedance-tomography
#4
Alessandro Beda, Alysson R Carvalho, Nadja C Carvalho, Sören Hammermüller, Marcelo B P Amato, Thomas Muders, Claudia Gittel, Katharina Noreikat, Hermann Wrigge, Andreas W Reske
OBJECTIVES: Lung-protective mechanical ventilation aims to prevent alveolar collapse and overdistension, but reliable bedside methods to quantify them are lacking. We propose a quantitative descriptor of the shape of local pressure-volume curves derived from electrical impedance tomography, for computing maps that highlight the presence and location of regions of presumed tidal recruitment (i.e., elastance decrease during inflation, pressure-volume curve with upward curvature) or overdistension (i...
January 10, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079409/promoting-awareness-of-neonatal-menstruation
#5
Paola Bianchi, Giuseppe Benagiano, Ivo Brosens
Neonatal uterine bleeding (NUB) has been carefully studied in the past through case reports, small series, clinical cohort studies, pathology investigations of fetal and neonatal. Following a historical recount, this review summarizes biological mechanisms conditioning NUB, starting from the persistence till birth of an 'ontogenetic progesterone resistance' (OPR), causing decreased responsiveness of target tissues to bioavailable progesterone. Several pregnancy-related conditions, such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, prematurity, post-maturity and even Rhesus or ABO incompatibility, influence the occurrence of NUB...
January 12, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077740/the-jarisch-herxheimer-reaction-after-antibiotic-treatment-of-spirochetal-infections-a-review-of-recent-cases-and-our-understanding-of-pathogenesis
#6
REVIEW
Thomas Butler
Within 24 hours after antibiotic treatment of the spirochetal infections syphilis, Lyme disease, leptospirosis, and relapsing fever (RF), patients experience shaking chills, a rise in temperature, and intensification of skin rashes known as the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (JHR) with symptoms resolving a few hours later. Case reports indicate that the JHR can also include uterine contractions in pregnancy, worsening liver and renal function, acute respiratory distress syndrome, myocardial injury, hypotension, meningitis, alterations in consciousness, seizures, and strokes...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076685/diffusion-of-evidence-based-intensive-care-unit-organizational-practices-a-state-wide-analysis
#7
Rachel Kohn, Vanessa Madden, Jeremy M Kahn, David A Asch, Amber E Barnato, Scott D Halpern, Meeta Prasad Kerlin
RATIONALE: Several intensive care unit (ICU) organizational practices have been associated with improved patient outcomes. However, the uptake of these evidence-based practices is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess diffusion of ICU organizational practices across the state of Pennsylvania. METHODS: We conducted two web-based, cross-sectional surveys of ICU organizational practices in Pennsylvania acute care hospitals, in 2005 (chief nursing officer respondents) and 2014 (ICU nurse manager respondents)...
January 11, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073787/col6a5-variants-in-familial-neuropathic-chronic-itch
#8
Filippo Martinelli-Boneschi, Marina Colombi, Marco Castori, Grazia Devigili, Roberto Eleopra, Rayaz A Malik, Marco Ritelli, Nicoletta Zoppi, Chiara Dordoni, Melissa Sorosina, Paola Grammatico, Hassan Fadavi, Monique M Gerrits, Rowida Almomani, Catharina G Faber, Ingemar S J Merkies, Daniela Toniolo, Massimiliano Cocca, Claudio Doglioni, Stephen G Waxman, Sulayman D Dib-Hajj, Michela M Taiana, Jenny Sassone, Raffaella Lombardi, Daniele Cazzato, Andrea Zauli, Silvia Santoro, Margherita Marchi, Giuseppe Lauria
Itch is thought to represent the peculiar response to stimuli conveyed by somatosensory pathways shared with pain through the activation of specific neurons and receptors. It can occur in association with dermatological, systemic and neurological diseases, or be the side effect of certain drugs. However, some patients suffer from chronic idiopathic itch that is frequently ascribed to psychological distress and for which no biomarker is available to date. We investigated three multigenerational families, one of which diagnosed with joint hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility type (JHS/EDS-HT), characterized by idiopathic chronic itch with predominantly proximal distribution...
January 9, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072728/upper-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-autoimmune-gastritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Marilia Carabotti, Edith Lahner, Gianluca Esposito, Maria Carlotta Sacchi, Carola Severi, Bruno Annibale
Autoimmune gastritis is often suspected for its hematologic findings, and rarely the diagnosis is made for the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms. Aims of this cross-sectional study were to assess in a large cohort of patients affected by autoimmune gastritis the occurrence and the pattern of gastrointestinal symptoms and to evaluate whether symptomatic patients are characterized by specific clinical features.Gastrointestinal symptoms of 379 consecutive autoimmune gastritis patients were systematically assessed and classified following Rome III Criteria...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070694/early-evaluation-and-monitoring-of-critical-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards-using-specific-genetic-polymorphisms
#10
REVIEW
Florin G Horhat, Fuat Gundogdu, Laurentiu V David, Eugen S Boia, Laurentiu Pirtea, Razvan Horhat, Alexandru Cucui-Cozma, Ioana Ciuca, Mircea Diaconu, Razvan Nitu, Monica Licker, Delia I Horhat, Alexandru F Rogobete, Marius L Moise, Calin Tataru
A high percentage of critical patients are found to develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Several studies have reported high mortality rates in these cases which are most frequently associated with multiple organ dysfunctions syndrome. Lately, many efforts have been made to evaluate and monitor ARDS in critical patients. In this regard, the assessment of genetic polymorphisms responsible for developing ARDS present as a challenge and are considered future biomarkers. Early detection of the specific polymorphic gene responsible for ARDS in critically ill patients can prove to be a useful tool in the future, able to help decrease the mortality rates in these cases...
January 9, 2017: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069350/prevalence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-after-infectious-enteritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Fabiane Klem, Akhilesh Wadhwa, Larry Prokop, Wendy Sundt, Gianrico Farrugia, Michael Camilleri, Siddharth Singh, Madhusudan Grover
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Foodborne illness affects 15% of the United States population each year and is a risk factor for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We evaluated risk of, risk factors for, and outcomes of IBS after infectious enteritis METHODS: We performed a systematic review of electronic databases from 1994 through August 31, 2015 to identify cohort studies of the prevalence of IBS 3 months or more after infectious enteritis. We used random effects meta-analysis to calculate the summary point prevalence of IBS after infectious enteritis, as well as relative risk (compared to individuals without infectious enteritis) and host- and enteritis-related risk factors...
January 6, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068928/newly-recognized-cerebral-infarctions-on-postmortem-imaging-a-report-of-three-cases-with-systemic-infectious-disease
#12
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068594/prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#13
REVIEW
Loïc Sentilhes, Marie-Victoire Sénat, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Elie Azria, Guillaume Benoist, Julie Blanc, Gilles Brabant, Florence Bretelle, Stéphanie Brun, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Anne Evrard, Gilles Kayem, Emeline Maisonneuve, Louis Marcellin, Stéphane Marret, Nicolas Mottet, Sabine Paysant, Didier Riethmuller, Patrick Rozenberg, Thomas Schmitz, Héloïse Torchin, Bruno Langer
In France, 60,000 neonates are born preterm every year (7.4%), half of them after the spontaneous onset of labor. Among preventable risk factors of spontaneous prematurity, only cessation of smoking is associated with decreased prematurity (level of evidence [LE]1). It is therefore recommended (Grade A). Routine screening and treatment of vaginal bacteriosis is not recommended in the general population (Grade A). The only population for which vaginal progesterone is recommended is that comprising asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies, no history of preterm delivery, and a short cervix at 16-24 weeks of gestation (Grade B)...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067712/muscle-weakness-and-5-year-survival-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-survivors
#14
Victor D Dinglas, Lisa Aronson Friedman, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Carl B Shanholtz, Nancy D Ciesla, Peter J Pronovost, Dale M Needham
OBJECTIVES: To longitudinally evaluate the association of post-ICU muscle weakness and associated trajectories of weakness over time with 5-year survival. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective cohort study over 5 years of follow-up. SETTING: Thirteen ICUs in four hospitals in Baltimore, MD. PATIENTS: One hundred fifty-six acute respiratory distress syndrome survivors. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Strength was evaluated with standardized manual muscle testing using the Medical Research Council sum score (range, 0-60; higher is better), with post-ICU weakness defined as sum score less than 48...
January 6, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067630/novel-swine-model-of-ricin-induced-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#15
Shahaf Katalan, Reut Falach, Amir Rosner, Michael Goldvaser, Tal Brosh-Nissimov, Ayana Dvir, Avi Mizrachi, Orr Goren, Barak Cohen, Yoav Gal, Anita Sapoznikov, Sharon Ehrlich, Tamar Sabo, Chanoch Kronman
Pulmonary exposure to the plant toxin ricin, leads to respiratory insufficiency and death. To date, in-depth study of the functional disorders ensuing pulmonary intoxication, a prerequisite for establishing a clinically-relevant therapeutic protocol, is hampered by the lack of an appropriate animal model. To this end, we set up the pig, as a large animal model for the comprehensive study of the multifarious clinical manifestations of pulmonary ricinosis.Here we report for the first time, the monitoring of barometric whole body plethysmography for pulmonary function tests in non-anesthetized ricin-intoxicated pigs...
January 6, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067007/vaginal-progesterone-decreases-preterm-birth-and-neonatal-morbidity-and-mortality-in-women-with-a-twin-gestation-and-a-short-cervix-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#16
REVIEW
Roberto Romero, Agustin Conde-Agudelo, Waleed El-Refaie, Line Rode, Maria L Brizot, Elcin Cetingoz, Vicente Serra, Eduardo da Fonseca, Mohamed S Abdelhafez, Ann Tabor, Alfredo Perales, Sonia S Hassan, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of vaginal progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic women with a twin gestation and a sonographic short cervix (cervical length ≤25 mm) in the midtrimester. METHODS: Updated systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data from randomized controlled trials comparing vaginal progesterone with placebo/no treatment in women with a twin gestation and a midtrimester sonographic cervical length ≤25 mm...
January 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066653/authors-response-to-commentaries-on-rosuvastatin-for-delirium-and-cognitive-impairment-in-sepsis-associated-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#17
COMMENT
Victor D Dinglas, Elizabeth Colantuoni, E Wesley Ely, Catherine L Hough, Peter E Morris, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Amy W Wozniak, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065815/neonatal-outcomes-following-preterm-birth-classified-according-to-placental-features
#18
Janet M Catov, Christina M Scifres, Steve N Caritis, Marnie Bertolet, Jacob Larkin, W Tony Parks
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth has staggering health implications, and yet the causes of most cases are still unknown. Placental features have been understudied as an etiology for preterm birth, and the association between placental pathologic lesions and neonatal outcomes are incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To characterize births according to placental pathology and relate these to adverse neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 20,091 births (15,710 term and 4,381 preterm) with placental evaluations...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063258/eating-attitudes-and-its-relationship-with-nutritional-status-a-micro-level-study-on-a-group-of-adolescent-girls-in-the-city-of-howrah-west-bengal
#19
Nadira Mallick, Susmita Mukhopadhyay, Subha Ray
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between eating attitudes and nutritional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 adolescent girls (258 aged 14-17 years and 142 aged 18-21 years) from the city of Howrah, West Bengal. Eating attitude was measured using eating distress syndrome (EDS) questionnaire. Nutritional status was assessed using body mass index, waist-hip ratio (WHR) and body fat percentage (BF%). RESULTS: Participants with disordered eating attitudes revealed significantly higher values for body mass index (BMI), WHR and BF% than those with normal eating attitudes (p≤0...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062701/widespread-virus-replication-in-alveoli-drives-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-aerosolized-h5n1-influenza-infection-of-macaques
#20
Elizabeth R Wonderlich, Zachary D Swan, Stephanie J Bissel, Amy L Hartman, Jonathan P Carney, Katherine J O'Malley, Adebimpe O Obadan, Jefferson Santos, Reagan Walker, Timothy J Sturgeon, Lonnie J Frye, Pauline Maiello, Charles A Scanga, Jennifer D Bowling, Anthea L Bouwer, Parichat A Duangkhae, Clayton A Wiley, JoAnne L Flynn, Jieru Wang, Kelly S Cole, Daniel R Perez, Douglas S Reed, Simon M Barratt-Boyes
Human infections with highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus are frequently fatal but the mechanisms of disease remain ill-defined. H5N1 infection is associated with intense production of proinflammatory cytokines, but whether this cytokine storm is the main cause of fatality or is a consequence of extensive virus replication that itself drives disease remains controversial. Conventional intratracheal inoculation of a liquid suspension of H5N1 influenza virus in nonhuman primates likely results in efficient clearance of virus within the upper respiratory tract and rarely produces severe disease...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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