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Platelet lysate

Antonella Conforti, Nadia Starc, Simone Biagini, Luigi Tomao, Angela Pitisci, Mattia Algeri, Pietro Sirleto, Antonio Novelli, Giulia Grisendi, Olivia Candini, Cintia Carella, Massimo Dominici, Franco Locatelli, Maria Ester Bernardo
The risk of malignant transformation of ex-vivo expanded human mesenchymal stromal cells (huMSCs) has been debated in the last years; however, the biosafety of these cells after exposure to supramaximal physical and chemical stress has never been systematically investigated.We established an experimental in vitro model to induce supramaximal physical (ionizing radiation, IR) and chemical (starvation) stress on ex-vivo expanded bone marrow (BM)-derived huMSCs and investigated their propensity to undergo malignant transformation...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Maryam Dastan, Nowruz Najafzadeh, Ali Abedelahi, Mohammadreza Sarvi, Ali Niapour
Minoxidil and human platelet lysate (HPL) are commonly used to treat patients with hair loss. However, the roles of HPL versus minoxidil in hair follicle biology largely remain unknown. Here, we hypothesized that bulge and dermal papilla (DP) cells may express specific genes, including Kras, Erk, Akt, Shh and β-catenin after exposure to minoxidil or HPL. The mouse hair follicles were isolated on day 10 after depilation and bulge or DP regions were dissected. The bulge and DP cells were cultured for 14days in DMEM/F12 medium...
October 17, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Sophie Braga-Lagache, Natasha Buchs, Mircea-Ioan Iacovache, Benoit Zuber, Christopher Benjamin Jackson, Manfred Heller
BACKGROUND: Cells of the vascular system release spherical vesicles, called microparticles, in the size range of 0.1-1μm induced by a variety of stress factors resulting in variable concentrations between health and disease. Furthermore, microparticles have intercellular communication/signaling properties and interfere with inflammation and coagulation pathways. Today's most used analytical technology for mecroparticle characterization, flow cytometry, is lacking sensitivity and specificity, which might have led to the publication of contradicting results in the past...
October 12, 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Felix Sellberg, Erik Berglund, Martin Ronaghi, Gabriel Strandberg, Helena Löf, Pehr Sommar, Norbert Lubenow, Folke Knutson, David Berglund
BACKGROUND: Platelet lysate is a readily available source of growth factors, and other mediators, which has been used in a variety of clinical applications. However, the product remains poorly standardized and the present investigation evaluates the composition of platelet lysate obtained from either fresh or stored pathogen-inactivated platelet units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Platelet pooled units (n = 10) were obtained from healthy blood donors and tested according to standard procedures...
September 28, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Erik W Holy, Alexander Akhmedov, Thimoteus Speer, Giovanni G Camici, Stephen Zewinger, Nicole Bonetti, Jürg H Beer, Thomas F Lüscher, Felix C Tanner
BACKGROUND: Carbamylation alters low-density lipoprotein (LDL) structure and is thought to promote vascular inflammation and dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether carbamylated LDL (cLDL) exerts prothrombotic effects in vascular cells and platelets and whether cLDL enhances arterial thrombus formation in vivo. METHODS: LDL was isolated from healthy subjects or patients with CKD by sequential ultracentrifugation...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Pedro S Babo, Rui L Reis, Manuela E Gomes
Hyaluronic acid is the main polysaccharide present in the connective tissue. Besides its structural function as backbone of the extracellular matrix, hyaluronic acid plays staple roles in several biological processes including the modulation of inflammation and wound healing processes. The application of hyaluronic acid in regenerative medicine, either as cells and/or drug/growth factors delivery vehicles, relies on its ability to be cross-linked using a plethora of reactions, producing stable hydrogels. In this work, we propose a novel method for the production of hyaluronic acid microparticles that presents several advantages over others that have been used...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Pedro S Babo, Pedro P Carvalho, Vítor E Santo, Susana Faria, Manuela E Gomes, Rui L Reis
Injectable calcium phosphate cements have been used as a valid alternative to autologous bone grafts for bone augmentation with the additional advantage of enabling minimally invasive implantation procedures and for perfectly fitting the tissue defect. Nevertheless, they have low biodegradability and lack adequate biochemical signaling to promote bone healing and remodeling. In previous in vitro studies, we observed that the incorporation of platelet lysate directly into the cement paste or loaded in hyaluronic acid microspheres allowed to modulate the cement degradation and the in vitro expression of osteogenic markers in seeded human adipose derived stem cells...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Peter M Benz, Hebatullah Laban, Joana Zink, Lea Günther, Ulrich Walter, Stepan Gambaryan, Karim Dib
BACKGROUND: Vasodilator-Stimulated Phosphoprotein (VASP) is involved in the inhibition of agonist-induced platelet aggregation by cyclic nucleotides and the adhesion of platelets to the vascular wall. αIIbβ3 is the main integrin responsible for platelet activation and Rap1b plays a key role in integrin signalling. We investigated whether VASP is involved in the regulation of Rap1b in platelets since VASP-null platelets exhibit augmented adhesion to endothelial cells in vivo. METHODS: Washed platelets from wild type and VASP-deficient mice were stimulated with thrombin, the purinergic receptors agonist ADP, or the thromboxane A2 receptor agonist U46619 and Rap1b activation was measured using the GST-RalGDS-RBD binding assay...
2016: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Camilla Siciliano, Antonella Bordin, Mohsen Ibrahim, Isotta Chimenti, Francesco Cassiano, Ilenia Gatto, Giorgio Mangino, Andrea Coccia, Selenia Miglietta, Daniela Bastianelli, Vincenzo Petrozza, Antonella Calogero, Giacomo Frati, Elena De Falco
Indirect evidence suggests that adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASCs) possess different physiological and biological variations related to the anatomical localization of the adipose depots. Accordingly, to investigate the influence of the tissue origin on the intrinsic properties of ASCs and to assess their response to specific stimuli, we compared the biological, functional and ultrastructural properties of two ASC pools derived from mediastinal and subcutaneous depots (thoracic compartment) by means of supplements such as platelet lysate (PL) and FBS...
July 30, 2016: Stem Cell Research
Pedro S Babo, Xinjie Cai, Adelina S Plachokova, Rui L Reis, John A Jansen, Manuela E Gomes, X Frank Walboomers
Currently available clinical therapies are not capable to regenerate tissues that are lost by periodontitis. Tissue engineering can be applied as a strategy to regenerate reliably the tissues and function of damaged periodontium. A prerequisite for this regeneration is the colonization of the defect with the adequate cell populations. In this study, we proposed a bilayered system composed of (1) a platelet lysate (PL)-based construct produced by crosslinking of PL proteins with genipin (gPL) for the delivery of rat periodontal ligament cells (rat-PDLCs); combined with (2) an injectable composite consisting of calcium phosphate cement incorporated with PL-loaded poly(d, l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres...
October 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Narges Labibzadeh, Mohsen Emadedin, Roghayeh Fazeli, Fatemeh Mohseni, Seyedeh Esmat Hosseini, Reza Moghadasali, Soura Mardpour, Vajiheh Azimian, Maede Ghorbani Liastani, Ali Mirazimi Bafghi, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Nasser Aghdami
OBJECTIVE: Nonunion is defined as a minimum of 9 months since injury without any visible progressive signs of healing for 3 months. Recent literature has shown that the application of mesenchymal stromal cells is safe, in vitro and in vivo, for treating long bone nonunion. The present study was performed to investigate the safety of mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) implantation in combination with platelet lysate (PL) product for treating human long bone nonunion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case series clinical trial, orthopedic surgeons visited eighteen patients with long bone nonunion, of whom 7 complied with the eligibility criteria...
2016: Cell Journal
S Pezzotta, C Del Fante, L Scudeller, G C Rossi, C Perotti, P E Bianchi, E Antoniazzi
Current ocular GvHD (oGvHD) treatments are suboptimal. We investigated the safety and efficacy of long-term continuous treatment with autologous platelet lysate (PL) drops in patients with oGvHD Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) score 2-3 refractory to topical conventional therapy. Ophthalmic evaluation was performed at 6 month intervals. Symptoms were assessed using the Glaucoma Symptom Scale (GSS). Patients were defined 'responders' when showing a reduction at least one grade on National Institutes of Health Eye Score from baseline at the 6 month visit...
September 5, 2016: Bone Marrow Transplantation
M Y Liu, L J Zhang, M C Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of ginsenoside pre-treatment on serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT2AR), and 5-HT transporter (serotonin transporter, SERT) in serum, platelet lysate and brain tissue homogenates in SD rats with myocardial infarction (MI) or depression. METHODS: Eighty SD rats were randomized treated with ginsenoside or normal saline(NS). After 4 weeks, the rats were, then, randomized to four subgroups: the MI, the depression, the MI in combination with depression and sham subgroups...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Pedro S Babo, Alexey Klymov, Joost teRiet, Rui L Reis, John A Jansen, Manuela E Gomes, X Frank Walboomers
Micro- and nanotextured biomaterial surfaces have been widely studied for their capacity to drive the regeneration of organized tissues. Nanotopographical features in the shape of groove-ridge patterns aim at mimicking the extracellular matrix organization. However, to date, a wide array of groove and ridge sizes has been described. In this work, we therefore tested a device composed of a multipatterned array consisting of six patterns of radially arranged parallel nanogrooves, with a pitch ranging from 0 to 1000 nm and a depth ranging from 0 to 170 nm, to be used as a tool for the expeditious and simultaneous screening of surface topographies aiming the regeneration of anisotropically organized tissues such as ligament...
September 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
R Fazzina, P Iudicone, D Fioravanti, G Bonanno, P Totta, I G Zizzari, L Pierelli
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been largely investigated, in the past decade, as potential therapeutic strategies for various acute and chronic pathological conditions. MSCs isolated from different sources, such as bone marrow (BM), umbilical cord tissue (UCT) and adipose tissue (AT), share many biological features, although they may show some differences on cumulative yield, proliferative ability and differentiation potential. The standardization of MSCs growth and their functional amplification is a mandatory objective of cell therapies...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Axel Schlagenhauf, Sina Pohl, Harald Haidl, Bettina Leschnik, Siegfried Gallistl, Wolfgang Muntean
Inorganic polyphosphate has been shown to be shed upon platelet activation inducing prothrombotic stimuli on the coagulation system. Several methods have been published to detect and quantify polyphosphate in various cells and tissues, but evaluation of platelet content has only been achieved by indirect detection of orthophosphate after enzymatic digestion, thus, relying heavily on specificity of an exopolyphosphatase that is not commercially available. We present a non-enzymatic method for quantification of platelet-derived polyphosphate featuring optimized extraction on silica spin-columns, followed by specific fluorescence detection using DAPI...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Emily T Camilleri, Michael P Gustafson, Amel Dudakovic, Scott M Riester, Catalina Galeano Garces, Christopher R Paradise, Hideki Takai, Marcel Karperien, Simon Cool, Hee-Jeong Im Sampen, A Noelle Larson, Wenchun Qu, Jay Smith, Allan B Dietz, Andre J van Wijnen
BACKGROUND: Clinical translation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) necessitates basic characterization of the cell product since variability in biological source and processing of MSCs may impact therapeutic outcomes. Although expression of classical cell surface markers (e.g., CD90, CD73, CD105, and CD44) is used to define MSCs, identification of functionally relevant cell surface markers would provide more robust release criteria and options for quality control. In addition, cell surface expression may distinguish between MSCs from different sources, including bone marrow-derived MSCs and clinical-grade adipose-derived MSCs (AMSCs) grown in human platelet lysate (hPL)...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
J L Bueno, M Ynigo, C de Miguel, R M Gonzalo-Daganzo, A Richart, C Vilches, C Regidor, J A García-Marco, E Flores-Ballester, J R Cabrera
Recent research suggests that growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) could reverse age-related diseases and that its blood concentration decreases with age. This poses plasma from young donors as a therapeutic GDF11 source to treat age-related diseases. In addition, the tissue source of circulating GDF11 remains unknown. We analysed GDF11 levels in paired samples of serum, plasma and platelet lysate (PL) from 23 volunteers. Plasma and PL were collected by plateletpheresis. Here, we show that GDF11 is highly concentrated in platelets and that the circulating levels reported in previous studies could be biased as a result of serum sample manipulation...
August 10, 2016: Vox Sanguinis
Saeed Mohammadi, Mohsen Nikbakht, Ashraf Malek Mohammadi, Mahdi Zahed Panah, Mohammad Reza Ostadali, Hajar Nasiri, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are employed in various different clinical settings in order to modulate immune response. Human autologous and allogeneic supplements including platelet derivatives such as platelet lysate (PL), platelet-released factors (PRF) and serum are assessed in clinical studies to replace fetal bovine serum (FBS). The immunosuppressive activity and multi-potential characteristic of MSCs appear to be maintained when the cells are expanded in platelet derivatives...
July 1, 2016: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
Christiane R Ionita, Antonia R Troillet, Thomas W Vahlenkamp, Karsten Winter, Walter Brehm, Jean-Claude Ionita
OBJECTIVE To compare humoral insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) concentrations in plasma and 3 types of equine autologous blood-derived preparations (ABPs). SAMPLE Blood and ABP samples from 12 horses. PROCEDURES Blood samples from each horse were processed by use of commercial systems to obtain plasma, platelet concentrate, conditioned serum, and aqueous platelet lysate. Half of the platelet concentrate samples were additionally treated with a detergent to release intracellular mediators...
August 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
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