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Jhuma Sankar, Rashmi Ranjan Das
To describe the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We conducted an updated literature search and retrieved relevant literature on the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We found that the breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama are generally multi-component packaged interventions, and are described as follows: Papworth technique, Buteyko technique, Yoga and/or Pranayam. These techniques primarily modify the pattern of breathing to reduce hyperventilation resulting in normalisation of CO2 level, reduction of bronchospasm and resulting breathlessness...
December 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada, Lyda Cuervo-Pardo, Bitan Ghosh, Martin Smith, Foussena Pazheri, Katrina Zell, Xiao-Feng Wang, David M Lang
BACKGROUND: Asthma affects >300 million people globally, including 25 million in the United States. Patients with asthma frequently use the Internet as a source of information. YouTube is one of the three most popular Web sites. OBJECTIVE: To determine the educational quality of YouTube videos for asthma. METHODS: We performed a YouTube search by using the keyword "asthma." The 200 most frequently viewed relevant videos were included in the study...
November 2015: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Nicola J Barker, Mandy Jones, Neil E O'Connell, Mark L Everard
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional breathing is described as chronic or recurrent changes in breathing pattern causing respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms. It is an umbrella term that encompasses hyperventilation syndrome and vocal cord dysfunction. Dysfunctional breathing affects 10% of the general population. Symptoms include dyspnoea, chest tightness, sighing and chest pain which arise secondary to alterations in respiratory pattern and rate. Little is known about dysfunctional breathing in children...
December 18, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mandy Jones, Alex Harvey, Louise Marston, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional breathing/hyperventilation syndrome (DB/HVS) is a respiratory disorder, psychologically or physiologically based, involving breathing too deeply and/or too rapidly (hyperventilation) or erratic breathing interspersed with breath-holding or sighing (DB). DB/HVS can result in significant patient morbidity and an array of symptoms including breathlessness, chest tightness, dizziness, tremor and paraesthesia. DB/HVS has an estimated prevalence of 9.5% in the general adult population, however, there is little consensus regarding the most effective management of this patient group...
May 31, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Gillian Austin
The Buteyko breathing technique is recommended in national guidance for control of asthma symptoms. This article explores the evidence base for the technique, outlines its main principles and includes two cases studies.
April 24, 2013: Nursing Times
Venkatesan Prem, Ramesh Chandra Sahoo, Prabha Adhikari
OBJECTIVE: To compare two breathing exercises (Buteyko and pranayama) with a control group in patients with asthma. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: One hundred and twenty subjects were randomized to three groups through block randomization. Subjects with an Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score <5.5 participated in the study. SETTING: Outpatient pulmonary medicine department. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects in the Buteyko and pranayama groups were trained for 3-5 days and instructed to practise the exercises for 15 minutes twice daily, and for three months duration...
February 2013: Clinical Rehabilitation
John Burgess, Buddhini Ekanayake, Adrian Lowe, David Dunt, Francis Thien, Shyamali C Dharmage
In asthma management, complementary and alternative medicine is enjoying a growing popularity worldwide. This review synthesizes the literature on complementary and alternative medicine techniques that utilize breathing retraining as their primary component and compares evidence from controlled trials with before-and-after trials. Medline, PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and the Cochrane Library electronic databases were searched. Reference lists of all publications were manually checked to identify studies not found through electronic searching...
December 2011: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Carolina Gaitan-Sierra, Michael E Hyland
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether the nonspecific or placebo enhancement of well-being brought about by a health-promoting behavior was due to expectancy having an unmediated effect on outcome (response expectancy theory) or because expectancy was mediated through the behavioral and affective consequences of positively valued goal satisfaction (motivational concordance theory). METHOD: Fifty-seven participants completed a breathing exercise (a simplified Buteyko technique) purporting to enhance well-being over a period of 4 days...
November 2011: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Sue Cooper, Janet Oborne, Tim Harrison, Anne Tattersfield
BACKGROUND: Nose breathing ensures that inspired air is warm, filtered and moist and may therefore benefit patients with asthma. It features in some complementary approaches to treat asthma and is encouraged at night in the Buteyko technique by the use of mouth taping. In this pragmatic study we sought to determine whether taping the mouth at night has any effect on asthma control compared with usual breathing in patients with symptomatic asthma, since if it was effective it would be a simple intervention to implement...
June 2009: Respiratory Medicine
Rosalba Courtney, Marc Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Konstantin Buteyko, M.D., Ph.D., claimed that breath holding time (BHT) can be used to detect chronic hyperventilation and that BHT predicts alveolar CO(2) (Pa(CO(2))) according to his patented mathematical formula. The Buteyko Breathing Technique (BBT) is believed to correct chronic hyperventilation as evidenced by increased BHT. In this study, we test Buteyko's claims and explore the relationship between BHT and end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO(2)) as well as measures of dysfunctional breathing (DB) including the Nijmegen questionnaire, the Self Evaluation of Breathing Questionnaire, and thoracic dominant breathing pattern...
March 2008: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Robert L Cowie, Diane P Conley, Margot F Underwood, Patricia G Reader
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological intervention in patients with asthma on conventional therapy including inhaled corticosteroid. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial of the Buteyko technique in a group of adults with asthma. The control group was trained by a physiotherapist in breathing and relaxation techniques. SETTING: A single centre associated with a University-based asthma programme. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Asthma control, defined by a composite score based on the Canadian asthma consensus report 6 months after completion of the intervention...
May 2008: Respiratory Medicine
Alison Shaw, Elizabeth A Thompson, Debbie Sharp
BACKGROUND: Patients are increasingly using complementary therapies, often for chronic conditions. Asthma is the most common chronic condition in the UK. Previous research indicates that some asthma patients experience gaps in their NHS care. However, little attention has been given to how and why patients and parents of children with asthma use complementary therapies and the implications for NHS care. METHODS: Qualitative study, comprising 50 semi-structured interviews with a purposeful sample of 22 adults and 28 children with asthma (plus a parent), recruited from a range of NHS and non-NHS settings in Bristol, England...
2006: BMC Health Services Research
Barbara Millar
Jill McGowan was convinced that a programme of breathing retraining--the Buteyko Method - could reduce the medication needs of people with asthma. So she gave up her nursing job and sold her house and car to finance research. Training requires five 90-minute sessions. The 30-minute exercise programme has to be repeated six times a day initially. Introduction of the method to the NHS could have a major impact on asthma management with potentially huge savings on cost.
April 12, 2006: Nursing Standard
A Bruton, G T Lewith
Breathing exercises and breathing retraining are often used in the management of asthma. One specific form of breathing therapy, known as the Buteyko breathing technique (BBT) has received considerable attention, but there is a paucity of rigorous research evidence to support its recommendation for asthma patients. There are only four published clinical trials and two conference abstracts evaluating BBT. Although all have reported improvements in one or more outcome measures, results have not been consistent...
March 2005: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Patrick McHugh, Fergus Aitcheson, Bruce Duncan, Frank Houghton
AIM: To assess the impact of the Buteyko Breathing Technique (BBT) on medication use in asthma. METHODS: A blinded randomised controlled trial comparing BBT with control was conducted in 38 people with asthma aged between 18 and 70. Participants were followed for six months following the intervention. Medication use and indices of ventilatory function were recorded. RESULTS: No significant change in FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in one second) was recorded in either group...
December 12, 2003: New Zealand Medical Journal
S Cooper, J Oborne, S Newton, V Harrison, J Thompson Coon, S Lewis, A Tattersfield
BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma are interested in the use of breathing exercises but their role is uncertain. The effects of the Buteyko breathing technique, a device which mimics pranayama (a yoga breathing technique), and a dummy pranayama device on bronchial responsiveness and symptoms were compared over 6 months in a parallel group study. METHODS: Ninety patients with asthma taking an inhaled corticosteroid were randomised after a 2 week run in period to Eucapnic Buteyko breathing, use of a Pink City Lung Exerciser (PCLE) to mimic pranayama, or a PCLE placebo device...
August 2003: Thorax
M Birch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2001: Australian Nursing Journal: ANJ
E Reale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2000: Australian Nursing Journal: ANJ
M Thomas, R K McKinley, E Freeman, C Foy
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of dysfunctional breathing in adults with asthma treated in the community. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire survey using Nijmegen questionnaire. SETTING: One general practice with 7033 patients. PARTICIPANTS: All adult patients aged 17-65 with diagnosed asthma who were receiving treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Score >/=23 on Nijmegen questionnaire. RESULTS: 227/307 patients returned completed questionnaires; 219 (71...
May 5, 2001: BMJ: British Medical Journal
W K Al-Delaimy, S M Hay, K R Gain, D T Jones, J Crane
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of breathing 3% CO2 on exercise-induced asthma (EIA), as a raised airway CO2 level is suggested to mediate the effects of Buteyko breathing training (BBT). DESIGN: Double-blind crossover study, using a standard laboratory-based exercise challenge, with EIA defined as a fall of 15% or greater in the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) within 30 minutes of completing a standard exercise protocol. SUBJECTS: 10 adults with confirmed EIA...
January 15, 2001: Medical Journal of Australia
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