keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CABG

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318510/comparative-efficacy-of-coronary-revascularization-procedures-for-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
John K Roberts, Sunil V Rao, Linda K Shaw, Dianne S Gallup, Oscar C Marroquin, Uptal D Patel
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death, yet little data exist regarding the comparative efficacy of coronary revascularization procedures in CKD patients with multivessel disease. We created a cohort of 4,687 adults who underwent cardiac catheterization, had a serum creatinine value measured within 30 days, and had more than one vessel with ≥50% stenosis. We used Cox proportional hazard regression modeling weighted by the inverse probability of treatment to examine the association between 4 treatment strategies (medical management, percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] with bare metal stent, PCI with drug-eluting stent, and coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]) and mortality among patients across categories of estimated glomerular filtration rate; secondary outcome was a composite of mortality, myocardial infarction, or revascularization...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318134/long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-successful-revascularization-with-drug-eluting-stents-for-chronic-total-occlusions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Lei Gao, Yabin Wang, Yuqi Liu, Feng Cao, Yundai Chen
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DESs) have beneficial effects on long-term outcomes in patients with chronic total occlusions (CTOs) compared with failed PCIs for CTOs. BACKGROUND: Several observational studies have evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes of successful PCIs using DESs for CTOs. However, the results of these studies were inconsistent and inconclusive. METHODS: We searched five online electronic databases to identify all the publications assessing the long-term outcomes of successful and failed PCIs using DESs for CTOs...
March 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315181/update-on-the-management-of-chronic-total-occlusions-in-coronary-artery-disease
#3
REVIEW
Kathleen Kearney, Ravi S Hira, Robert F Riley, Arun Kalyanasundaram, William L Lombardi
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in about a third of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and can pose a significant challenge during percutaneous revascularization. However, advances in CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategies, devices, and algorithms have led to significant improvements in successful treatment of CTOs. This review summarizes current management of CTOs in the context of modern PCI techniques and current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: The hybrid algorithm now provides a standardized, teachable approach to CTO PCI, and success rates are approximately 90% in experienced hands...
April 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314672/fenestration-of-a-papyrus-pk-covered-stent-to-recover-the-occluded-left-main-bifurcation-after-sealing-a-left-main-perforation-during-a-cto-procedure
#4
Gerald S Werner, Waqar H Ahmed
Covered stents are indicated for coronary perforations, but they may seal off major side branches in that process. We report the successful sealing of an ostial left main perforation, induced by a guide catheter in the course of a retrograde approach to treat a chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the right coronary artery (RCA) in a 76year old woman with prior CABG. The implanted Papyrus covered stent, however, overlapped the left main bifurcation and occluded the non-grafted circumflex artery (CX) resulting in acute ischemia...
March 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303967/effects-of-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Xinyu Yang, Yanda Li, Xiaomeng Ren, Xingjiang Xiong, Lijun Wu, Jie Li, Jie Wang, Yonghong Gao, Hongcai Shang, Yanwei Xing
In this study, we assessed the effect of rehabilitation exercise after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). We performed a meta-analysis to determine the effects of exercise in patients after PCI. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, the Embase database, China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI), China Biology Medicine (CBM), and the Wanfang Database were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The key words used for the searches were PCI, exercise, walking, jogging, Tai Chi, and yoga...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302346/postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-and-blood-product-transfusion-after-synthetic-colloid-use-during-cardiac-surgery
#6
Rajika Tobey, Hao Cheng, Mei Gao, Zhongmin Li, J Nilas Young, W Douglas Boyd, Fuhai Ji, Hong Liu
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effect of 2 types of hydroxyethyl starches (HES) on renal integrity and blood transfusion in cardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: Retrospective investigation. SETTING: Patients from a single tertiary medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Inclusion criteria included coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and/or valve surgery that included cardiopulmonary bypass with aortic cross-clamping. INTERVENTIONS: Intraoperative HES and blood product administration...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301911/the-prevalence-and-clinical-relevance-of-asa-nonresponse-after-cardiac-surgery
#7
Saskia Wand, Elisabeth Hannah Adam, Anna Julienne Wetz, Patrick Meybohm, Nils Kunze-Szikszay, Kai Zacharowski, Aron Frederick Popov, Anton Moritz, Lisa Moldenhauer, Julia Kaiser, Martin Bauer, Christian Friedrich Weber
We aimed to identify the prevalence of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) nonresponse in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and the possible consequences for the rate of major cardiovascular events. This prospective, observational, bicentric cohort study was conducted in two German University hospitals. A total of 400 patients (200 in each study center) undergoing elective CABG surgery were enrolled after written informed consent. Platelet function was analyzed on day 3 (d3) and day 5 (d5) postoperatively following stimulation with arachidonic acid (ASPItest) and with thrombin receptor-activating peptide 6 (TRAPtest) using multiple electrode aggregometry (Multiplate)...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301692/vitamin-c-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#8
REVIEW
Lena Al-Khudairy, Nadine Flowers, Rebecca Wheelhouse, Obadah Ghannam, Louise Hartley, Saverio Stranges, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: Vitamin C is an essential micronutrient and powerful antioxidant. Observational studies have shown an inverse relationship between vitamin C intake and major cardiovascular events and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Results from clinical trials are less consistent. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of vitamin C supplementation as a single supplement for the primary prevention of CVD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases on 11 May 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library; MEDLINE (Ovid); Embase Classic and Embase (Ovid); Web of Science Core Collection (Thomson Reuters); Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE); Health Technology Assessment Database and Health Economics Evaluations Database in the Cochrane Library...
March 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299184/revisiting-blood-transfusion-and-predictors-of-outcome-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-concise-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Carlos E Arias-Morales, Nicoleta Stoicea, Alicia A Gonzalez-Zacarias, Diana Slawski, Sujatha P Bhandary, Theodosios Saranteas, Eva Kaminiotis, Thomas J Papadimos
In the United States, cardiac surgery-related blood transfusion rates reached new highs in 2010, with 34% of patients receiving blood products. Patients undergoing both complex (coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG] plus valve repair or replacement) and non-complex (isolated CABG) cardiac surgeries are likely to have comorbidities such as anemia. Furthermore, the majority of patients undergoing isolated CABG have a history of myocardial infarction. These characteristics may increase the risk of complications and blood transfusion requirement...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298766/comparison-of-perioperative-thoracic-epidural-fentanyl-with-bupivacaine-and-intravenous-fentanyl-for-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#10
Amitabh Chanchal Sen, Sunil Rajan, Rakhi Balachandran, Lakshmi Kumar, Suresh Gangadharan Nair
CONTEXT: Two-thirds of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery report moderate to severe pain, particularly with ambulatory or respiratory effort. AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare the analgesic effect of perioperative thoracic epidural fentanyl with bupivacaine and intravenous fentanyl in patients undergoing CABG surgery. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was a prospective, randomized, nonblinded comparative study...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296170/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-or-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Ahmed N Mahmoud, Islam Y Elgendy, Amgad Mentias, Marwan Saad, Walid Ibrahim, Mohammad K Mojadidi, Ramez Nairooz, Parham Eshtehardi, R David Anderson, Habib Samady
BACKGROUND: Recent trials comparing PCI with CABG for unprotected left main disease yielded discrepant evidence. OBJECTIVES: To perform an updated meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease. METHODS: Randomized trials comparing PCI versus CABG for patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease were included...
March 15, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294868/-rosuvastatin-in-coronary-bypass-surgery-whether-only-secondary-prevention
#12
A V Panov, M L Gordeev, L B Mitrofanova, E V Kuleshov, M I Buthashvili, I T Abesadze, M Z Alugishvili, N L Lohovinina, K V Korzhenevskaya
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The increasing number of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with a need for active introduction of methods improving immediate and long-term results of these interventions. Results of a number of studies conducted during recent years allow to consider high dose statin therapy one of such methods. In this article we present results of rosuvastatin administration to patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) prior to surgery. METHODS: Rosuvastatin (40 mg/day) was given for 4 weeks before CABG to patients who had previously taken simvastatin (20 mg/day)...
May 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293311/aortic-annulus-enlargement-early-and-long-terms-results
#13
Selman Dumani, Ermal Likaj, Laureta Dibra, Vera Beca, Saimir Kuci, Ali Refatllari
AIM: Patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) is a common occurrence in aortic valve surgery. Even the discussions about the impact of this phenomenon on the results of aortic valve surgery, the management of this problem remain one of the main topics in this kind of surgery. One of the ways of a solution is aortic annulus enlargement. The main topic of this study is to evaluate the early and longterm results of this technique in our country. METHODS: During the period January 2010 -January 2015, 641 patients performed aortic valve surgery...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291726/change-in-angiogram-derived-management-strategy-of-patients-with-chest-pain-when-some-ffr-data-are-available-how-consistent-is-the-effect
#14
Vinayak Nagaraja, Mamas Mamas, Michael Mahmoudi, Campbell Rogers, Nick Curzen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of patients presenting with angina using invasive angiography alone is imperfect. By contrast, fractional flow reserve (FFR) allows for assessment of lesion-specific ischemia, which is predictive of clinical outcome. A series of studies has demonstrated that the availability of FFR data at the time of diagnostic angiography leads to significant differences in the management of those patients. HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this paper is to describe assess the consistency in the difference in management resulting from an FFR-directed versus and angiogram-directed strategy in appropriate observational and randomized trials...
February 27, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290891/-the-role-of-urinary-lipocalin-in-prognostication-of-hospital-complications-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#15
K S Shafranskaya, O K Kuzmina, D A Sumin, K Ye Krivoshapova, Ye G Uchasova, S V Ivanov, M V Zykov, V V Kashtalap, O L Barbarash
PURPOSE: To assess significance of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) for predicting hospital complications in subjects with ischemic heart disease (IHD) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 720 subjects who underwent CABG between 03/2011 and 04/2012. Blood serum creatinine level, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (MDRD formula) and NGAL concentration were measured before and on day 7 after CABG...
October 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290890/-factors-associated-with-immediate-results-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-in-the-presence-of-type-2-diabetes
#16
A N Sumin, N A Bezdenezhnyh, A V Bezdenezhnyh, S V Ivanov, O L Barbarash
OBJECTIVE: to elucidate factors associated with cardiovascular events (CVE) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) depending on the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 667 patients who underwent CABG during the period from 2006 to 2009 (317 patients with and 350 patients without DM2 and other disorders of glucose metabolism with comparable by sex, age and CABG characteristics) were analyzed retrospectively. The relationship of registered possible predictors with incidence of CVE was evaluated in a logistic regression model...
October 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290889/-platelet-metabolism-in-clopidogrel-resistant-and-sensitive-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#17
I Yu Grinshtein, A A Savchenko, Yu I Grinshtein, I V Filonenko, A A Kosinova
OBJECTIVE: to investigate relationship between activity of platelet nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) dependent dehydrogenases in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and their sensitivity to clopidogrel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 51 male patients with chronic IHD before and after CABG. Control group comprised 35 healthy men. In IHD patients spontaneous and induced platelet aggregation was measured by aggregometry before CABG (in 2 weeks after cessation of antiplatelet drugs), after CABG during therapy with clopidogrel (75 mg/day), and in 6 months after surgery...
October 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290878/-immediate-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-multifocal-atherosclerosis-gender-differences
#18
A N Sumin, E V Korok, R A Gaifulin, S V Ivanov, O L Barbarash
AIM: To assess the impact of presence of multifocal atherosclerosis (MFA) and gender differences on immediate outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of patients with MFA, who underwent elective CABG (n=764, 655 men, 109 women) were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Women were older (<0.001), and more often were overweight (<0.001), had diabetes (<0...
August 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290864/-factors-associated-with-development-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#19
O A Rubanenko, O V Fatenkov, D V Kuznetsov, A P Semagin, S M Khokhlunov, D V Duplyakov
PURPOSE: to identify factors associated with development of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the early postoperative period of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A total of 376 patients with ischemic heart disease who underwent CABG were enrolled in the study. RESULTS: During the observation period AF occurred in 74 patients (19.7%, 93% men, mean age 64.0+/-6.4 years), an average of 3.6+/-2 days after surgery. Multivariate regression analysis showed that odds ratio (OR) for AF in patients with age >59 years was 1...
September 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290855/-problems-of-determination-of-degree-of-disability-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#20
O L Barbarash, I V Samorodskaya, L A Efros, S A Pomeshkina, N V Kondrikova, S A Boitsov
The review contains data on rates of permanent loss of working ability (disability) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Russia and in European populations of patients with ischemic heart disease. According to domestic studies determination of disability status is not based on assessment of objective characteristics of functional reserve of cardiovascular system. Most patients after surgery retain disability status. CABG is not a rehabilitating factor but on the contrary results in increase of number of officially disabled people...
June 2016: Kardiologiia
keyword
keyword
456
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"