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Musculoskeletical ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731459/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-toward-the-best-practice-the-utility-of-mri-for-clinical-practice-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Mami Tamai
Imaging is important and essential for clinical practice in rheumatoid arthritis(RA). MRI and musculoskeletal ultrasonography(MSUS)are helpful to detect early as well as accurate joint injury of RA patients, and thus, potentially useful in early diagnosis, evaluating disease activity, therapeutic outcome and prediction of joint outcome. Articular synovitis, tenosynovitis and bone marrow edema are useful to predict RA progression. Bone marrow edema is closely associated with radiographic bone erosion. In addition, we are necessary to pay attention to the influence of aging that increases of MRI-detected joint changes, especially in hand and foot joints...
2018: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722248/standardized-musculoskeletal-ultrasonographic-reference-values-for-healthy-korean-adults
#2
Hyun-Sook Kim, Hae-Rim Kim, Bo Young Kim, Yun Sung Kim, Young Ok Jung, Sung Jae Choi, Hyun-Ok Kim, Jiwon Hwang, Sunggun Lee, Hyoun-Ah Kim, So Young Bang, Ji-Young Chai, Sung-Hoon Park, Chong-Hyeon Yoon
Background/Aims: To define standard reference values for musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) in Korea. Methods: A total of 251 healthy adults were recruited for this study. Ultrasonography was performed by experienced rheumatologists who had undergone four appropriate training programs in Korea. A General Electric LOGIQ electronic ultrasound device fitted with a 12 MHz linear transducer was employed. Mean values ± standard deviations (SDs) were defined as standard reference values...
May 4, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706002/-subclinical-enthesopathy-of-at-least-one-extensor-digitorum-tendon-is-highly-prevalent-and-associated-with-clinical-and-ultrasound-alterations-of-the-adjacent-finger-nails-in-patients-with-psoriatic-disease
#3
P Moya Alvarado, E Roé Crespo, F Z Muñoz-Garza, A López-Ferrer, A Laiz Alonso, E Vilarrassa Rull, J Casademont, L Puig Sanz
BACKGROUND: Nail psoriasis disease is associated with an increased probability of psoriatic arthritis and its clinical signs may have different correlates with the pathogenesis of adjacent bone destruction and have different prognostic value. Recent publications about psoriasis and nail psoriatic disease describe different ultrasonographic findings but the relationship between these ungueal alterations measured by ultrasonography and the presence of enthesopathy of the extensor digitorum has yet to be discovered...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690705/-comparison-of-bone-destruction-markers-in-patients-with-gouty-arthritis-under-different-musculoskeletal-ultrasonic-manifestations
#4
Y N Fei, S M Tang, G Zhang, Y H Li, M Shao, L F Xie, Y C Zhong, X W Zhang
Objectives: To observe the correlation between the different ultrasonic manifestations of gouty arthritis and the indexes of bone destruction (Dickkopf-1, RANKL), in order to further explore the role of musculoskeletal ultrasonography in the diagnosis and monitoring of gouty arthritis. Methods: 160 cases of gouty arthritis from clinic of the Department of Rheumatology of Peking University People's Hospital between July 2016 and June 2017 were recruited in this study. These patients were examined by musculoskeletal ultrasonography (bilateral first metatarsophalangeal joints, bilateral ankle joints and bilateral knee joints)...
April 3, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562484/foot-drop-caused-by-a-movable-cystic-mass-during-knee-motion
#5
Nack Hwan Kim, Sang-Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: Nerve injury due to a movable cystic mass during knee motion is a rare neuropathy, which can be diagnosed precisely using a dynamic ultrasonogram. OBJECTIVE: To present a case with foot drop and common peroneal neuropathy that involved a movable cystic mass during knee flexion adjacent to the proximal tibiofibular joint. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 47-year-old female was referred to our institute for a right foot drop...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480916/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-on-sacral-base-asymmetry
#6
Karen T Snider, Crystal L Redman, Christopher R Edwards, Shalini Bhatia, Tatyana Kondrashova
Context: Patients with low back pain (LBP) may receive osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) to resolve or manage their pain. The indication for OMT for patients with LBP is the presence of somatic dysfunction, diagnosed using palpatory examination. Because palpatory findings commonly have poor interexaminer reliability, the current study used ultrasonography (US) to establish pre-OMT and post-OMT musculoskeletal measurements of relative asymmetry between pelvic and sacral bony landmarks...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480758/sports-injuries-at-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-summer-olympics-use-of-diagnostic-imaging-services
#7
Ali Guermazi, Daichi Hayashi, Mohamed Jarraya, Michel D Crema, Roald Bahr, Frank W Roemer, João Grangeiro, Richard G Budgett, Torbjorn Soligard, Romulo Domingues, Abdalla Skaf, Lars Engebretsen
Purpose To describe the occurrence of imaging-depicted sports-related stress injuries, fractures, and muscle and tendon disorders during the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Materials and Methods Data on radiologic examinations were collected and retrospectively analyzed centrally by two board-certified musculoskeletal radiologists (with a third musculoskeletal radiologist acting as an adjudicator in case of discrepancies). Descriptive data on all imaging examinations by using radiography, ultrasonography (US), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were collected and analyzed according to imaging modality, country of origin of the athletes, type of sport, and type and location of injury...
February 26, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409243/high-resolution-real-time-ultrasonography-of-the-sural-nerve-after-percutaneous-repair-of-the-achilles-tendon
#8
Marcello Zappia, Daniela Berritto, Francesco Oliva, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous Achilles tendon repair has been developed to minimise soft tissue complications following treatment of tendon ruptures. However, there are concerns because of the risk of sural nerve injury. Few studies have investigated the relationship between the Achilles tendon, the sural nerve and its several anatomical course variants. METHODS: We studied 7 cadaveric limbs (7 Achilles tendons) in which a percutaneous repair of the Achilles tendon was performed...
March 30, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406414/pediatric-musculoskeletal-interventional-mri
#9
Roberto Blanco Sequeiros, Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Risto Ojala, Jyri Järvinen, Jan Fritz
Minimally invasive procedures play a crucial role in the diagnosis and treatment of many pediatric musculoskeletal conditions. Although computed tomography and fluoroscopy are commonly used for image guidance, the associated exposure to ionizing radiation is especially concerning in pediatric patients. Ultrasonography may be used successfully in a subset of interventions, but it is often not useful for complex, deep, and osseous targets. Interventional magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) facilitates targeting and treatment of musculoskeletal lesions at many locations with high accuracy due to its excellent tissue contrast...
February 2018: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249079/interventional-therapeutic-procedures-in-the-musculoskeletal-system-an-italian-survey-by-the-italian-college-of-musculoskeletal-radiology
#10
Enzo Silvestri, Antonio Barile, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Davide Orlandi, Angelo Corazza, Luigi Zugaro, Carlo Masciocchi, Luca Maria Sconfienza
PURPOSE: To perform an online survey among all members of the Italian College of Musculoskeletal Radiology to understand how therapeutic musculoskeletal procedures are performed in daily practice in Italy. METHODS: We administered an online survey to all 2405 members about the use of therapeutic musculoskeletal procedures in their institutions asking 16 different questions. Subgroup analysis was performed between general and orthopaedic hospitals with Mann-Whitney U and χ2 statistics...
April 2018: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225162/can-ultrasound-be-used-to-improve-the-palpation-skills-of-physicians-in-training-a-prospective-study
#11
Ryan Woods, Steve J Wisniewski, Daniel R Lueders, Thomas P Pittelkow, Dirk R Larson, Jonathan T Finnoff
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders relies heavily on the physical examination, including accurate palpation of musculoskeletal structures. The literature suggests that there has been a deterioration of physical examination skills among medical students and residents, in part due to increased reliance on advanced imaging. It has been shown that knowledge of musculoskeletal anatomy and physical examination skills improve with the use of ultrasound; however, the literature is limited...
December 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197918/the-potential-of-ultrasonography-in-the-evaluation-of-foot-orthotics-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Daniel Petcu, Delia Alexandrina Mitrea, Cosmina Ioana Bondor, Elena Rodica Perciun
Foot orthotics prescription is based on the foot functioning paradigms with tissue stress theory being in avant-garde. The main goal of orthotic therapy is to reduce the internal tissue's pathological stresses in the foot structures. Traditionally, ultrasound scanning technique depicts anatomic related data of both common and uncommon pathology encountered in the clinical practice, helping in diagnosing, treating and evaluating, which are equally important for the practitioners. Its accessibility, compared to biomechanical modelling, makes this technique a valuable tool in the field of foot and ankle disorders...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189342/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-ultrasound-in-detecting-distal-radius-fractures-in-a-pediatric-population
#13
Chae Ko, Matthew Baird, Matthew Close, Kyle J Cassas
OBJECTIVE: Sports ultrasound (US) is becoming popular in diagnosing musculoskeletal injuries. This study, also called the Pediatric Distal Radius Ultrasound Study (PeDRUS), compared the diagnostic accuracy of sports US with plain radiographs in possible distal radius buckle fractures in pediatric population. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, patients (2-15 years) presenting to an outpatient orthopedic injury clinic with distal forearm injuries without deformity were recruited...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180067/-sports-ultrasound-advantages-indications-and-limitations-in-upper-and-lower-limbs-musculoskeletal-disorders-review-article
#14
Naveed Baloch, Obada Hussein Hasan, Mir Muzamil Jessar, Soichi Hattori, Shin Yamada
Ultrasonography (US) is a safe and noninvasive imaging modality that is gaining popularity in different medical and surgical fields. Its introduction in musculoskeletal and sports medicine has taken this advanced subspecialty to a higher level. It has the advantage over other imaging techniques with regards to ease of use, availability, comfort and cost. Not to mention, in terms of safety profile, patients are not exposed to radiations, like in x-rays, and it can be performed on patients with metal or pacemaker implants, which are contraindicated in MRI...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131764/nongynecologic-findings-seen-at-pelvic-us
#15
Akram M Shaaban, Maryam Rezvani, Jeffrey D Olpin, Anne M Kennedy, Ayman H Gaballah, Bryan R Foster, Christine O Menias, Khaled M Elsayes
Ultrasonography (US) is frequently the first imaging modality used to examine women with symptoms involving the pelvis. It is widely available and involves no exposure to ionizing radiation. Images can be acquired with a transabdominal, endovaginal, or translabial approach, and the use of video clips and three-dimensional reconstructions can be helpful. US is excellent for assessment of the uterus, ovaries, and adnexa. Occasionally, nongynecologic pelvic diseases arising from the gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal systems and the pelvic peritoneal and extraperitoneal spaces may be detected and can be a source of diagnostic dilemma...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076363/effect-of-track-surface-firmness-on-the-development-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-french-trotters-during-four-months-of-harness-race-training
#16
Nathalie Crevier-Denoix, Fabrice Audigié, Anne-Laure Emond, Anne-Gaelle Dupays, Philippe Pourcelot, Loic Desquilbet, Henry Chateau, Jean-Marie Denoix
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of track surface firmness on the development of musculoskeletal injuries in French Trotters during 4 months of race training. ANIMALS 12 healthy 3-year-old French Trotters. PROCEDURES Horses were paired on the basis of sex and body mass. Horses within each pair were randomly assigned to either a hard-track or soft-track group. The counterclockwise training protocol was the same for both groups. Surface firmness of each track was monitored throughout the training period. Radiography, ultrasonography, MRI, and scintigraphy were performed on all 4 limbs of each horse before and after 2 and 4 months of training...
November 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056772/the-role-of-ultrasonography-in-monitoring-long-standing-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-pilot-study
#17
Sławomir Jeka, Marta Dura, Paweł Żuchowski, Beata Zwierko, Rafał Wojciechowski
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a condition that poses many diagnostic problems. As a result, it is often diagnosed too late, which makes effective treatment more difficult. The course of the disease is chronic, and it causes irreversible changes in the musculoskeletal system, as well as bone destruction, and this in turn impairs the proper monitoring of the treatment. Therefore, in order to assess the treatment's efficacy, as well as a clinical examination of the patient and laboratory tests, diagnostic imaging is being used more frequently in routine practice...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027682/comparative-study-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-on-ultrasonography-in-healthy-adolescents-and-patients-with-low-back-pain
#18
Nahid Rahmani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Iraj Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder among different age groups, including adolescents. The purpose of this study was to compare the abdominal muscle thickness between healthy adolescents and those with LBP. METHODS: One hundred sixty healthy high school adolescents and 80 high school adolescents with LBP participated in the study. All participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire and also a visual analog scale and the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire to evaluate the pain intensity and functional disability...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960382/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-zone-ii-partial-flexor-tendon-lacerations-of-the-fingers-a-cadaveric-study
#19
Nikolas H Kazmers, Joshua A Gordon, Kristen L Buterbaugh, David J Bozentka, David R Steinberg, Viviane Khoury
OBJECTIVES: Accurate assessment of zone II partial flexor tendon lacerations in the finger is clinically important. Surgical repair is recommended for lacerations of greater than 50% to 60%. Our goal was to evaluate ultrasonographic test characteristics and accuracy in identifying partial flexor tendon lacerations in a cadaveric model. METHODS: From fresh-frozen above-elbow human cadaveric specimens, 32 flexor digitorum profundus tendons were randomly selected to remain intact or receive low- or high-grade lacerations involving 10% to 40% and 60% to 90% of the radioulnar width within Verdan Zone II, respectively...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932308/ultrasonographic-enthesopathy-and-disease-activity-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#20
Mohieldin M Ahmed, Gehan Gamal Elolemy, Aziz K Alfeeli, Ayyoub B Baqer, Adela M Gad
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, the correlation between ultrasonographic enthesopathy and severity in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been done before. However, the correlation between ultrasonography of enthesopathy and the Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) have not been done. AIM: To compare the results of ultrasonographic enthesopathy of foot and PASDAS in PsA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 65 PsA patients were involved and divided into two groups...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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