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Musculoskeletical ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131764/nongynecologic-findings-seen-at-pelvic-us
#1
Akram M Shaaban, Maryam Rezvani, Jeffrey D Olpin, Anne M Kennedy, Ayman H Gaballah, Bryan R Foster, Christine O Menias, Khaled M Elsayes
Ultrasonography (US) is frequently the first imaging modality used to examine women with symptoms involving the pelvis. It is widely available and involves no exposure to ionizing radiation. Images can be acquired with a transabdominal, endovaginal, or translabial approach, and the use of video clips and three-dimensional reconstructions can be helpful. US is excellent for assessment of the uterus, ovaries, and adnexa. Occasionally, nongynecologic pelvic diseases arising from the gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal systems and the pelvic peritoneal and extraperitoneal spaces may be detected and can be a source of diagnostic dilemma...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076363/effect-of-track-surface-firmness-on-the-development-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-french-trotters-during-four-months-of-harness-race-training
#2
Nathalie Crevier-Denoix, Fabrice Audigié, Anne-Laure Emond, Anne-Gaelle Dupays, Philippe Pourcelot, Loic Desquilbet, Henry Chateau, Jean-Marie Denoix
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of track surface firmness on the development of musculoskeletal injuries in French Trotters during 4 months of race training. ANIMALS 12 healthy 3-year-old French Trotters. PROCEDURES Horses were paired on the basis of sex and body mass. Horses within each pair were randomly assigned to either a hard-track or soft-track group. The counterclockwise training protocol was the same for both groups. Surface firmness of each track was monitored throughout the training period. Radiography, ultrasonography, MRI, and scintigraphy were performed on all 4 limbs of each horse before and after 2 and 4 months of training...
November 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056772/the-role-of-ultrasonography-in-monitoring-long-standing-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-pilot-study
#3
Sławomir Jeka, Marta Dura, Paweł Żuchowski, Beata Zwierko, Rafał Wojciechowski
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a condition that poses many diagnostic problems. As a result, it is often diagnosed too late, which makes effective treatment more difficult. The course of the disease is chronic, and it causes irreversible changes in the musculoskeletal system, as well as bone destruction, and this in turn impairs the proper monitoring of the treatment. Therefore, in order to assess the treatment's efficacy, as well as a clinical examination of the patient and laboratory tests, diagnostic imaging is being used more frequently in routine practice...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027682/comparative-study-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-on-ultrasonography-in-healthy-adolescents-and-patients-with-low-back-pain
#4
Nahid Rahmani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Iraj Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder among different age groups, including adolescents. The purpose of this study was to compare the abdominal muscle thickness between healthy adolescents and those with LBP. METHODS: One hundred sixty healthy high school adolescents and 80 high school adolescents with LBP participated in the study. All participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire and also a visual analog scale and the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire to evaluate the pain intensity and functional disability...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960382/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-zone-ii-partial-flexor-tendon-lacerations-of-the-fingers-a-cadaveric-study
#5
Nikolas H Kazmers, Joshua A Gordon, Kristen L Buterbaugh, David J Bozentka, David R Steinberg, Viviane Khoury
OBJECTIVES: Accurate assessment of zone II partial flexor tendon lacerations in the finger is clinically important. Surgical repair is recommended for lacerations of greater than 50% to 60%. Our goal was to evaluate ultrasonographic test characteristics and accuracy in identifying partial flexor tendon lacerations in a cadaveric model. METHODS: From fresh-frozen above-elbow human cadaveric specimens, 32 flexor digitorum profundus tendons were randomly selected to remain intact or receive low- or high-grade lacerations involving 10% to 40% and 60% to 90% of the radioulnar width within Verdan Zone II, respectively...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932308/ultrasonographic-enthesopathy-and-disease-activity-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#6
Mohieldin M Ahmed, Gehan Gamal Elolemy, Aziz K Alfeeli, Ayyoub B Baqer, Adela M Gad
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, the correlation between ultrasonographic enthesopathy and severity in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been done before. However, the correlation between ultrasonography of enthesopathy and the Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) have not been done. AIM: To compare the results of ultrasonographic enthesopathy of foot and PASDAS in PsA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 65 PsA patients were involved and divided into two groups...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871954/-elevated-serum-il-25-levels-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-bone-erosion-and-interstitial-lung-disease
#7
Jinyue Lu, Minglian DA, Yuchen Feng, Yuanyuan Liu, Sigong Zhang, Haili Shen
Objective To detect the serum levels of IL-25 and IL-17 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and investigate the potential relationship with bone erosion and concomitant interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods The study enrolled a total of 117 RA patients and 56 healthy subjects as controls. The serum levels of IL-25 and IL-17 were determined by ELISA, and rheumatoid factor (RF) was detected by turbidimetric immunoassay, anticyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody as well as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were also tested...
August 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856021/wrist-ultrasound-examination-scanning-technique-and-ultrasound-anatomy-part-2-ventral-wrist
#8
REVIEW
Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz
Ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system is an important element of the diagnostic and therapeutic protocol. Clinical decisions, including those regarding surgical procedures, are often based solely on ultrasound imaging. However, detailed knowledge on the anatomy and a correct scanning technique are crucial for an accurate diagnosis. Modern ultrasonographic equipment allows obtaining detailed anatomical images of muscle tendons, ligaments, nerves and vessels of the carpal area. Ventral wrist ultrasound is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845494/quantitative-doppler-in-musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-suboptimal-performance-of-both-experienced-and-in-training-sonographers-in-selection-of-the-highest-doppler-signal-image-from-cine-loops
#9
Florian Berghea, Violeta Vlad, Lavinia Palanciuc, Mihaela Micu, Violeta Bojinca, Florentin Vreju, Luminita Enache, Monica Copotoiu, Alexandra Kosevoi, Teodora Serban, Denisa Stanciu, Mihai Abobului, Andreea Borangiu, Camelia Elena Berghea, Andra Rodica Balanescu, Ruxandra Ionescu
AIMS: Doppler ultrasonography assessment is mandatory nowadays for the complete description of rheumatic disease activity. Initially it was performed in semi quantitative way but recently the (fully) quantitative assessment is gaining more interest. In quantitative assessment, the ratio between total colorized and total pixels (CTR) is computed for the whole image or just for the region of interest (ROI). The frame with the highest amount of Doppler signal (also called worst case scenario image - WCSI) is usually the only one analyzed...
May 10, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822671/surgical-ultrasound-guided-carpal-tunnel-release
#10
T Apard, G Candelier
Ultrasound-guided surgery is a new trend stemming from the introduction of high-frequency linear probes and better quality screens. Surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome is increasingly being performed under ultrasound guidance. Knowledge of musculoskeletal ultrasonography is obviously mandatory. Several types of cutting instruments (miniature knife, Gigli saw or hook) and surgical approaches (wrist or palm) have been described. Ultrasonography allows the wide-awake and local anesthesia with no tourniquet (WALANT) technique to be used in the context of ambulatory patient care...
October 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775069/the-effect-of-a-pre-hop-on-the-muscle-tendon-interaction-during-vertical-jumps
#11
Jeroen Aeles, Glen A Lichtwark, Dries Peeters, Christophe Delecluse, Ilse Jonkers, Benedicte Vanwanseele
Many movements use stretch-shortening cycles of a muscle-tendon unit (MTU) for storing and releasing elastic energy. The required stretching of medial gastrocnemius (MG) tendinous tissue during jumps, however, requires large length changes of the muscle fascicles, due to the lack of MTU length changes. This has a negative impact on the force generating capacity of the muscle fascicles. The purpose of this study was to induce a MG MTU stretch prior to shortening by adding a pre-hop to the squat jump. Eleven well-trained athletes specialized in jumping performed a pre-hop squat jump (PHSJ) and a standard squat jump (SSJ)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744328/ultrasonographic-imaging-and-anti-inflammatory-therapy-of-muscle-and-tendon-injuries-using-polymer-nanoparticles
#12
Gi-Wook Kim, Changsun Kang, Young-Bin Oh, Myoung-Hwan Ko, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Dongwon Lee
Ultrasonography is a reliable diagnostic modality for muscle and tendon injuries, but it has been challenging to find right diagnosis of minor musculoskeletal injuries by conventional ultrasonographic imaging. A large amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are known to be generated during tissue damages such as mechanical injury and therefore H2O2 holds great potential as a diagnostic and therapeutic marker for mechanical injuries in the musculoskeletal system. We previously developed poly(vanillyl alcohol-co-oxalate) (PVAX), which rapidly scavenges H2O2 and exerts antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity in H2O2-associated diseases...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739192/fine-needle-aspiration-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-musculoskleletal-tumours
#13
Pedro Cardoso, João Rosa, João Esteves, Vânia Oliveira, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FNA and analyse its efficacy in enabling the initiation of treatment in musculoskeletal tumours. METHODS: A total of 130 FNA were performed (94 bone and 36 soft tissue lesions) guided by CT scan (n = 64), ultrasonography (n = 36) and radioscopy (n = 30). Diagnostic yield and accuracy were evaluated. A diagnosis was considered accurate when confirmed by histology or ulterior clinical/imaging evaluation...
July 21, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737616/the-role-of-therapeutic-modalities-in-surgical-and-nonsurgical-management-of-orthopaedic-injuries
#14
Catherine A Logan, Peter D Asnis, Matthew T Provencher
Rehabilitation professionals often use therapeutic modalities as a component of the surgical and nonsurgical management of orthopaedic injuries. Myriad therapeutic modalities, including cryotherapy, thermotherapy, ultrasonography, electrical stimulation, iontophoresis, and laser therapy, are available. Knowledge of the scientific basis of each modality and the principles of implementation for specific injuries enables musculoskeletal treatment providers to prescribe these modalities effectively. The selection of specific therapeutic modalities is based on their efficacy during a particular phase of rehabilitation...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696851/us-evaluation-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-and-osteoarticular-infection
#15
Jie C Nguyen, Kenneth S Lee, Mahesh M Thapa, Humberto G Rosas
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and osteoarticular infection can cause nonspecific articular and periarticular complaints in children. Although contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is the reference standard imaging modality, musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) is emerging as an important adjunct imaging modality that can provide valuable information relatively quickly without use of radiation or the need for sedation. However, diagnostic accuracy requires a systemic approach, familiarity with various US techniques, and an understanding of maturation-related changes...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692451/the-value-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-geriatric-care-and-rehabilitation
#16
Büşra Can, Murat Kara, Özgür Kara, Zekeriya Ülger, Walter R Frontera, Levent Özçakar
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a 'gap' in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions (degenerative/rheumatic joint diseases, falls/trauma, nursing care, peripheral nerve problems, sarcopenia, and interventions)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666454/fluorescence-optical-imaging-and-musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-in-juvenile-idiopathic-polyarticular-disease-before-and-during-antirheumatic-treatment%C3%A2-a-multicenter-non-interventional-diagnostic-evaluation
#17
Ariane Klein, Georg Werner Just, Stephanie Gabriele Werner, Prasad T Oommen, Kirsten Minden, Ingrid Becker, Hans-Eckhard Langer, Dirk Klee, Gerd Horneff
BACKGROUND: Valid detection of inflamed joints is essential for correct classification, therapeutic decisions, prognosis and assessment of treatment efficacy in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Fluorescence optical imaging (FOI) enables visualization of inflammation in arthritis of finger and hand joints and might be used for monitoring. METHODS: A 24-week observational study in polyarticular JIA patients newly starting treatment with methotrexate or an approved biologic was performed in three centers...
June 30, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659058/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-a-current-practice-of-paediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons
#18
Rakan S Al-Essa, Fares H Aljahdali, Rakan M Alkhilaiwi, Winnie Philip, Ayman H Jawadi, Khalid I Khoshhal
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the prevalent musculoskeletal conditions in young adults and is a leading cause of hip osteoarthrosis in this age group. The optimum age for surgical intervention when needed is not well established in the literature and the lack of management guidelines and standard practice of DDH leads to different practices worldwide. This study aims to investigate the current practice of paediatric orthopaedic surgeons in diagnosing and treating DDH worldwide and identify points of agreement and disagreement...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653229/the-latest-technology-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-iterative-revolution
#19
EDITORIAL
Masashi Matsuzaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608002/value-of-ultrasonographic-evaluation-for-soft-tissue-lesions-focus-on-incidentally-detected-lesions-on-ct-mri
#20
REVIEW
Sung Bin Park, Byeong Seong Kang
Soft-tissue lesions of the musculoskeletal system are commonly encountered in clinical practice and often manifest as palpable lesions. Moreover, the increasing use of cross-sectional imaging such as CT or MRI has resulted in the incidental detection of many soft-tissue lesions. Ultrasonography remains the primary imaging investigation for soft-tissue lesions. It has been shown to be helpful in depicting processes involving the soft-tissue lesions on cross-sectional imaging. This article describes the ultrasonographic findings of the most frequently incidentally detected benign and malignant soft-tissue lesions on cross-sectional imaging and suggests the characteristics of such diseases, focusing on the ultrasonographic features that allow accurate diagnosis...
June 12, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
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