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Musculoskeletical ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608002/value-of-ultrasonographic-evaluation-for-soft-tissue-lesions-focus-on-incidentally-detected-lesions-on-ct-mri
#1
REVIEW
Sung Bin Park, Byeong Seong Kang
Soft-tissue lesions of the musculoskeletal system are commonly encountered in clinical practice and often manifest as palpable lesions. Moreover, the increasing use of cross-sectional imaging such as CT or MRI has resulted in the incidental detection of many soft-tissue lesions. Ultrasonography remains the primary imaging investigation for soft-tissue lesions. It has been shown to be helpful in depicting processes involving the soft-tissue lesions on cross-sectional imaging. This article describes the ultrasonographic findings of the most frequently incidentally detected benign and malignant soft-tissue lesions on cross-sectional imaging and suggests the characteristics of such diseases, focusing on the ultrasonographic features that allow accurate diagnosis...
June 12, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605279/the-effect-of-shoulder-muscle-fatigue-on-acromiohumeral-distance-and-scapular-dyskinesis-in-women-with-generalized-joint-hypermobility
#2
Razie J Alibazi, Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Ann M Cools, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Alireza Aziz Ahari
Muscle fatigue is considered to be one cause of shoulder pain, and subjects with generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) are affected more by shoulder pain. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of muscle fatigue on acromiohumeral distance (AHD) and scapular dyskinesis in women with GJH. Thirty-six asymptomatic participants were assigned to either a GJH (n=20) or control group (n=16) using the Beighton scale. Before and after elevation fatigue trials, AHD was measured with ultrasonography at rest and when the arm was in 90° active elevation...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583640/the-role-of-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-in-musculoskeletal-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Marco Sperandeo, Francesca Maria Trovato, Nadia Melillo, Lucia Dimitri, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giuseppe Guglielmi
Ultrasonography (US) is a readily available non-invasive tool useful for the detection of musculoskeletal and soft tissue masses. Although X-Ray is often the first imaging study for evaluating both bone and soft tissue lesions, and magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are mandatory in lesions staging, US is increasingly used for the early assessment of musculoskeletal and soft-tissue masses and for guiding procedures and biopsies. Surgical biopsy or fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is needed to ascertain the nature of any lesion...
May 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579818/healing-of-achilles-tendon-partial-tear-following-focused-shockwave-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Yu-Chun Hsu, Wei-Ting Wu, Ke-Vin Chang, Der-Sheng Han, Li-Wei Chou
Achilles tendinopathy is a common cause of posterior heel pain and can progress to partial tendon tear without adequate treatment. Effects of traditional treatments vary, and many recent reports focus on the use of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for Achilles tendinopathy but not for Achilles tendon partial tear. Here, we report the case of a 64-year-old female suffering from severe left heel pain for half a year. All treatment and rehabilitation were less effective until ESWT was applied. Each course of focused shockwave therapy included 2500 shots with energy flux density from 0...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535692/effects-of-body-mass-index-on-mechanical-properties-of-the-plantar-fascia-and-heel-pad-in-asymptomatic-participants
#5
Serkan Taş, Nilgün Bek, Mehmet Ruhi Onur, Feza Korkusuz
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal foot disorders have a high incidence among overweight and obese individuals. One of the important factors causing this high incidence may be plantar fascia and heel pad (HP)-related mechanical changes occurring in these individuals. The aim of the present study was to investigate the plantar fascia and HP stiffness and thickness parameters in overweight and obese individuals and compare these values with those of normal-weight individuals. METHODS: This study was carried out in 87 (52 female, 35 male) healthy sedentary individuals between the ages of 19 and 58 years (34 ± 11 years)...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521047/musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-for-psoriatic-arthritis-and-psoriasis-patients-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Alen Zabotti, Francesca Bandinelli, Alberto Batticciotto, Carlo Alberto Scirè, Annamaria Iagnocco, Garifallia Sakellariou
Objective.: To systematically review the role of musculoskeletal US in patients suffering from PsA or psoriasis (Pso) in terms of prevalence, diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring and treatment. Methods.: A systematic literature review was conducted through medical databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, Embase) and the grey literature up to September 2015 to inform a new study of the Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Study Group of the Italian Society for Rheumatology. All articles reporting data on musculoskeletal US in PsA or Pso were included and extracted according to the underlying clinical question...
May 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502945/sporotrichal-tenosynovitis-diagnosed-helpfully-by-musculoskeletal-ultrasonography
#7
Takashi Shimizu, Shosuke Akita, Yoshinori Harada, Eri Oguro, Yasutaka Okita, Minoru Shigesaka, Hidetoshi Matsuoka, Takuro Nii, Satoru Teshigawara, Eriko Kudo-Tanaka, Soichiro Tsuji, Masato Matsushita, Shiro Ohshima, Yoshihiko Hoshida, Jun Hashimoto, Yukihiko Saeki
A 72-year-old man presented with persistent oligoarthritis and positive results for rheumatoid factor and was suspected of having rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) findings were not consistent with those of typical RA. He had undergone surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome, which allowed both histopathological and microbiological examinations to be performed. A synovial tissue culture was positive for Sporothrix schenckii, and he was diagnosed with sporotrichal tenosynovitis...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479161/clinical-utility-of-high-frequency-musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-in-foot-and-ankle-pathology-how-ultrasound-imaging-influences-diagnosis-and-management
#8
Patricia B Delzell, Benjamin A Tritle, Jennifer A Bullen, Stella Chiunda, Michael C Forney
The use of high-frequency (high-resolution) musculoskeletal ultrasonography is increasing and has shown promising utility in many areas of medicine. The utility of musculoskeletal ultrasonography for foot and ankle complaints has not been widely investigated, however. Although some conditions of the foot and ankle are easily diagnosed by physical examination, others can have nonspecific examination findings, making optimal treatment decisions difficult. We hypothesized that high-resolution musculoskeletal ultrasound scanning of the foot and ankle can affect the diagnosis and/or treatment for patients presenting with foot or ankle complaints...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461527/nail-enthesis-ultrasound-in-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-a-report-from-the-2016-grappa-annual-meeting
#9
Joanne Szczygiel Cunha, Abrar A Qureshi, Anthony M Reginato
Musculoskeletal ultrasonography is gaining favor in the evaluation of enthesitis in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Imaging modalities have shown that the enthesis of the distal interphalangeal joint has a close relationship to the nail itself. Studies have focused on the structure and morphology of nails to determine an association between psoriasis nail changes and the presence or severity of PsA. With the use of higher frequency probes, power Doppler (PD) can determine subclinical inflammation of the area under ultrasound examination...
May 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441370/conventional-modalities-and-novel-emerging-imaging-techniques-for-musculoskeletal-tumors
#10
Meera Raghavan
BACKGROUND: Imaging of musculoskeletal tumors requires a multimodality approach and includes radiography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Topics related to primary bone and soft-tissue tumors are reviewed. The fundamental imaging principles are discussed as well as the applications of emerging imaging modalities. RESULTS: MRI is the preferred technique for the evaluation of musculoskeletal tumors, whereas other imaging modalities play a complementary role...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356650/the-effects-of-pelvic-diagonal-movements-and-resistance-on-the-lumbar-multifidus
#11
Ji-Yeon Lee, Dong-Yeop Lee, Ji-Heon Hong, Jae-Ho Yu, Jin Seop Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of pelvic diagonal movements, made with and without resistance, on the thickness of lumbar multifidus muscles. [Subjects and Methods] Participants in this study were healthy subjects who had no musculoskeletal disorders or lumbar-related pain. Participants were positioned on their side and instructed to lie with their hip flexor at 40 degrees. Ultrasonography was used for measurement, and the values of two calculations were averaged. [Results] The thickness of ipsilateral lumbar multifidus muscles showed a significant difference following the exercise of pelvic diagonal movements...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298464/the-achilles-tendon-is-mechanosensitive-in-older-adults-adaptations-following-14%C3%A2-weeks-versus-1-5%C3%A2-years-of-cyclic-strain-exercise
#12
Gaspar Epro, Andreas Mierau, Jonas Doerner, Julian A Luetkens, Lukas Scheef, Guido M Kukuk, Henning Boecker, Constantinos N Maganaris, Gert-Peter Brüggemann, Kiros Karamanidis
The aging musculoskeletal system experiences a general decline in structure and function, characterized by a reduced adaptability to environmental stress. We investigated whether the older human Achilles tendon (AT) demonstrates mechanosensitivity (via biomechanical and morphological adaptations) in response to long-term mechanical loading. Thirty-four female adults (60-75 years) were allocated to either a medium-term (14 weeks; N=21) high AT strain cyclic loading exercise intervention or a control group (N=13), with 12 participants continuing with the intervention for 1...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292005/current-status-of-musculoskeletal-application-of-shear-wave-elastography
#13
REVIEW
JeongAh Ryu, Woo Kyoung Jeong
Ultrasonography (US) is a very powerful diagnostic modality for the musculoskeletal system due to the ability to perform real-time dynamic high-resolution examinations with the Doppler technique. In addition to acquiring morphologic data, we can now obtain biomechanical information by quantifying the elasticity of the musculoskeletal structures with US elastography. The earlier diagnosis of degeneration and the ability to perform follow-up evaluations of healing and the effects of treatment are possible. US elastography enables a transition from US-based inspection to US-based palpation in order to diagnose the characteristics of tissue...
July 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258474/impact-of-ultrasonography-on-treatment-decision-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-impulsar-study
#14
Cèsar Díaz-Torné, Carme Moragues, Elide Toniolo, Carme Geli, Iván Castellví, Patricia Moya, Ignasi Gich, Josep M Llobet
Ultrasonography (US) has shown to be more sensitive than physical examination for diagnosis and assessment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is also a useful approach for accurate monitoring and intensive treatment adjustment. However, there is limited information concerning the impact of US on therapeutic decision-making in routine daily practice. A single-center cross-sectional study in routine daily practice was conducted to determine the percentage of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in which treatment decision was modified on the basis of results of musculoskeletal ultrasonography...
June 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212618/clinical-features-and-outcome-in-patients-with-osseomuscular-type-of-wilson-s-disease
#15
Hao Yu, Juan-Juan Xie, Yu-Chao Chen, Qin-Yun Dong, Yi Dong, Wang Ni, Zhi-Ying Wu
BACKGROUND: Wilson's disease with osseomuscular type is a rare condition, which often lacks typical hepatic and neurological symptoms and causes misdiagnoses easily. During the past 10 years, eight Chinese patients of osseomuscular type of Wilson's disease were identified in our clinic. METHODS: Clinical information was gathered from medical records and follow-ups. The genetic testing was performed in each patient. Serum ceruloplasmin, Kayser-Fleischer rings, liver function, brain magnetic resonance imaging and abdominal ultrasonography were also evaluated...
February 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208931/pseudo-exstrophy-of-bladder-with-unilateral-renal-agenesis-a-rare-combination-of-two-anomalies
#16
Abdolhamid Amouei, Mohammad Baghi Yazdi, Fatemeh Ehsani, Mojtaba Babaei Zarch
Pseudo-exstrophy of bladder is an uncommon condition characterized by the major musculoskeletal defects without urinary system defects. A two-day-old female neonate was presented with pseudo-exstrophy of the bladder and unilateral renal agenesis- A rare combination of two anomalies. She was born at 37 weeks gestational age with caesarean section delivery. The X-ray of hip revealed pubic diastasis. Ultrasonography clearly showed absence of the left kidney with a normal right kidney. The patient was treated successfully with proper surgical management...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155823/ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-and-reliability-of-novel-ultrasonic-indexes-of-upper-trapezius-muscle
#17
Navid Taheri, Farshad Okhovatian, Asghar Rezasoltani, Mehdi Karami, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Hosein Kouhzad Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common non-articular musculoskeletal disorder. It is characterized by local and referred pain due to the presence of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). MTrPs most commonly involve the upper trapezius muscle and can be visualized using ultrasound imaging. This study was designed to determine the inter-rater reliability of some new ultrasonographic indices of the upper trapezius muscle and the sensitivity and specificity of 2D ultrasound imaging in the diagnosis of MPS...
March 23, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143500/establishing-percentile-charts-for-hip-joint-capsule-and-synovial-cavity-thickness-in-apparently-healthy-children
#18
Zbigniew Żuber, Aleksander Owczarek, Małgorzata Sobczyk, Agata Migas-Majoch, Dorota Turowska-Heydel, Agnieszka Sternal, Justyna Michalczak, Jerzy Chudek
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) in paediatric population is limited by lack of reference values. One of such parameters is hip joint capsule thickness, postulated as an early measure for synovitis. However, the joint capsule is hardly a distinguished structure from slit synovial cavity in patients with little or no fluid collection. Therefore, in patients without effusion, it is more convenient to measure hip joint capsule thickness together with synovial cavity...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002871/recommendations-of-the-essr-arthritis-subcommittee-on-ultrasonography-in-inflammatory-joint-disease
#19
Athena Plagou, James Teh, Andrew J Grainger, Claudia Schueller-Weidekamm, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Winston Rennie, Gunnar Åström, Antoine Feydy, Chiara Giraudo, Henri Guerini, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Amanda Isaac, Lennart Jans, Anne Grethe Jurik, Franz Kainberger, Mario Maas, Carlo Martinoli, Vasco V Mascarenhas, Falk Miese, Philip O'Connor, Edwin H Oei, Mikkel Østergaard, Philippe Peetrons, Hannes Platzgummer, Monique Reijnierse, Philip Robinson, Mitja Rupreht, Paolo Simoni, Marius C Wick, Anna Zejden, Andrea S Klauser
This article presents the recommendations of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology Arthritis Subcommittee on the use of ultrasonography (US) in rheumatic disease, focused on the examination of joints in the adult population. The recommended examination technique and protocols used in a radiologic work-up are discussed. The main US features that can lead to a final diagnosis in the most common rheumatic diseases are addressed. The differential diagnosis that should be considered at image interpretation is presented...
November 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931963/imaging-of-regional-pain-syndromes-from-syndromes-to-conditions-using-imaging
#20
REVIEW
Ingrid Möller, Marcin Szkudlarek
Musculoskeletal regional pain syndromes often lead to patient referrals in general and rheumatological practice. Detailed history taking and clinical examination can in most cases reveal the cause for pain and direct the subsequent management of the conditions. Yet, when in doubt, imaging methods have to support the clinical assessment. This paper presents the underlying pathologies of the most frequently encountered regional pain syndromes and the role of musculoskeletal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in their visualization...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
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