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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904844/cardiothoracic-surgical-experience-in-ghana
#1
REVIEW
Mark Tettey, Martin Tamatey, Frank Edwin
Ghana is one of the few low-to-middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa able to consistently sustain a cardiothoracic program with locally trained staff for more than two decades. Cardiothoracic surgery practice in Ghana started in 1964 but faltered from a combination of political and the economic problems. In 1989, Dr. Kwabena Frimpong-Boateng, a Ghanaian cardiothoracic surgeon trained in Hannover, rekindled interest in cardiothoracic surgery and in establishing a National Cardiothoracic Centre. His vision and leadership has brought cardiothoracic surgery practice in Ghana to its current high level...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904842/the-challenges-of-cardiothoracic-surgery-practice-in-nigeria-a-12-years-institutional-experience
#2
Bode Falase, Michael Sanusi, Adeola Animasahun, Ogadinma Mgbajah, Adetinuwe Majekodunmi, Onyekwelu Nzewi, Jonathan Nwiloh, David Oke
BACKGROUND: Although the specialty of cardiothoracic surgery has been practiced in Nigeria for many years, open heart surgery (OHS) has only in the last decade become relatively more frequent, mainly through visiting foreign cardiac surgical teams. At this early phase of development it is faced with multiple challenges, especially financing and local skilled manpower for which solutions have to be identified in order to ensure sustainability and future growth. This study is aimed at highlighting these obstacles to growth of cardiothoracic surgery based on our own institutional experience at Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH) and the current status of OHS activity in other cardiothoracic centers in Nigeria...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884147/effects-of-osteopathic-treatment-on-pulmonary-function-and-chronic-thoracic-pain-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-ostincare-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Gert Roncada
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is an effective and widespread coronary revascularisation technique, nevertheless there are a number of long-term postoperative complications from which patients can suffer. One year after CABG surgery pulmonary function is decreased by 12% and 30% of the patients suffer from chronic thoracic pain. To date and to our knowledge there are no effective treatments for these conditions. The aim of the present clinical trial is to explore the effectiveness of osteopathic treatment on these conditions...
November 25, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858208/a-cable-driven-soft-robot-surgical-system-for-cardiothoracic-endoscopic-surgery-preclinical-tests-in-animals
#4
Hesheng Wang, Runxi Zhang, Weidong Chen, Xiaozhou Wang, Rolf Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery attracts more and more attention because of the advantages of minimal trauma, less bleeding and pain and low complication rate. However, minimally invasive surgery for beating hearts is still a challenge. Our goal is to develop a soft robot surgical system for single-port minimally invasive surgery on a beating heart. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The soft robot described in this paper is inspired by the octopus arm. Although the octopus arm is soft and has more degrees of freedom (DOFs), it can be controlled flexibly...
November 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854541/what-exactly-is-a-centrally-located-lung-tumor-results-of-an-on-line-survey
#5
Roberto F Casal, Macarena R Vial, Russell Miller, Lakshmi Mudambi, Horiana B Grosu, George A Eapen, Carlos A Jimenez, Rodolfo C Morice, Lorraine Cornwell, David Ost
RATIONALE: Accurate mediastinal staging is cornerstone in the management of patients with lung cancer. For patients with radiographically normal mediastinum, current lung cancer guidelines recommend invasive mediastinal staging when tumors are centrally located. However, definitions of central tumors are non-specific and there are discrepancies among guidelines (e.g. some use the inner one third of the hemithorax while others use the inner two thirds). OBJECTIVES: To describe the definitions of central tumors used by pulmonologists and thoracic surgeons in their practice...
November 17, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847048/the-joint-council-on-thoracic-surgery-education-jctse-educate-the-educators-faculty-development-course-analysis-of-the-first-5-years
#6
Stephen C Yang, Ara A Vaporciyan, Rebecca J Mark, Deborah A DaRosa, Frank T Stritter, Maura E Sullivan, Edward D Verrier
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Joint Council on Thoracic Surgery Education, Inc (JCTSE) has sponsored an annual "Educate the Educators" (EtE) course. The goal is to provide United States academic cardiothoracic surgeons (CTS) the fundamentals of teaching skills, educational curriculum development, and using education for academic advancement. This report describes the course development and evaluation along with attendee's self-assessment of skills through the first 5 years of the program...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847042/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-national-database-2016-annual-report
#7
Jeffrey P Jacobs, David M Shahian, Richard L Prager, Fred H Edwards, Donna McDonald, Jane M Han, Richard S D'Agostino, Marshall L Jacobs, Benjamin D Kozower, Vinay Badhwar, Vinod H Thourani, Henning A Gaissert, Felix G Fernandez, Cameron D Wright, Gaetano Paone, Joseph C Cleveland, J Matthew Brennan, Rachel S Dokholyan, Leo Brothers, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Robert H Habib, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Frederick L Grover, G Alexander Patterson, Joseph E Bavaria
The art and science of outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety continue to evolve, and cardiothoracic surgery leads many of these advances. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database is one of the principal reasons for this leadership role, as it provides a platform for the generation of knowledge in all of these domains. Understanding these topics is a professional responsibility of all cardiothoracic surgeons. Therefore, beginning in January 2016, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery began publishing a monthly series of scholarly articles on outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809575/a-systematic-review-of-postoperative-cognitive-decline-following-open-and-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-surgery
#8
R A Benson, B A Ozdemir, D Matthews, I M Loftus
OBJECTIVES Postoperative cognitive decline (POCD) is a well-recognised neurological phenomenon following major surgery. Most commonly seen in elderly patients, it has direct links to increased long-term morbidity and reduced quality of life. Its incidence following open and endovascular abdominal and thoracic aneurysm surgery is unclear. The purpose of this systematic review is to collate available evidence for POCD following abdominal and thoracic aortic surgery, and to identify continuing controversies directing future research...
November 4, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797892/sex-and-the-risk-of-aki-following-cardio-thoracic-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#9
Joel Neugarten, Sandipani Sandilya, Beenu Singh, Ladan Golestaneh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Being a woman is a well established risk factor for the development of cardiothoracic surgery-associated AKI. In striking contrast, women are less likely to develop AKI associated with noncardiac surgical procedures than men. In an attempt to ascertain why being a woman might be protective for ischemic AKI after general surgery but deleterious in patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery, we examined cardiothoracic surgery-associated AKI in greater detail. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of cardiothoracic surgery-associated AKI studies published between January of 1978 and December of 2015 to further explore the relationship between sex and cardiothoracic surgery-associated AKI...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760603/-establishment-of-a-clinical-prediction-model-of-solid-solitary-pulmonary-nodules
#10
Wei Yu, Bo Ye, Liyun Xu, Zhaoyu Wang, Hanbo Le, Shanjun Wang, Hanbo Cao, Zhenda Chai, Zhijun Chen, Qingquan Luo, Yongkui Zhang
BACKGROUND: The solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is a common and challenging clinical problem, especially solid SPN. The object of this study was to explore the predictive factors of SPN appearing as pure solid with malignance and to establish a clinical prediction model of solid SPNs. METHODS: We had a retrospective review of 317 solid SPNs (group A) having a final diagnosis in the department of thoracic surgery, Shanghai Chest Hospital from January 2015 to December 2015, and analyzed their clinical data and computed tomography (CT) images, including age, gender, smoking history, family history of cancer, previous cancer history, diameter of nodule, nodule location (upper lobe or non-upper lobe, left or right), clear border, smooth margin, lobulation, spiculation, vascular convergence, pleural retraction sign, air bronchogram sign, vocule sign, cavity and calcification...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692903/intubated-versus-nonintubated-general-anesthesia-or-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-a-case-control-study
#11
Joanne F Irons, Lachlan F Miles, Kaustuv R Joshi, Andrew A Klein, Marco Scarci, Piergiorgio Solli, Guillermo Martinez
OBJECTIVE: General anesthesia with endobronchial intubation and one-lung positive-pressure ventilation always has been considered mandatory for thoracic surgery. Recently, there has been interest in nonintubated techniques for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in awake and sedated patients. The authors' center developed a nonintubated technique with spontaneous ventilation with the patient under general anesthesia using a supraglottic airway device. The authors believe that this was the first study to compare a nonintubated general anesthetic technique with an intubated general anesthetic technique for VATS...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645949/robert-lee-replogle-september-30-1931-may-9-2016
#12
Mark K Ferguson
The world of cardiothoracic surgery lost a friend and remarkable colleague on May 9, 2016. Robert L. Replogle, the 31st President of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, died at the University of Chicago Medical Center after a brief illness, surrounded by his loving family. Known to his friends as "Rep," he will be remembered as an excellent pediatric and adult cardiac surgeon and as a visionary leader.
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637287/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-thoracic-surgery-practice-and-access-task-force-2014-workforce-report
#13
John S Ikonomidis
BACKGROUND: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) has intermittently surveyed its workforce, providing isolated accounts of the current state of thoracic surgical practice. METHODS: The 63-question survey instrument was received by 4,343 surgeon members of the STS, and responses were gathered between October 1 and November 5, 2014. The return rate was 29.1%. RESULTS: The median age of the active United States thoracic surgeons is 54 years...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621900/giant-bronchogenic-cyst-with-pericardial-defect-a-case-report-literature-review-in-japan
#14
Toshiko Kamata, Shigetoshi Yoshida, Takekazu Iwata, Yukio Nakatani, Ichiro Yoshino
Congenital pericardial defects are a rare anomaly, found during autopsy and cardiothoracic surgery. We describe a case of a 69-year-old female, with a right-sided congenital pericardial defect associated with a giant bronchogenic cyst (BC) found during surgery. The cyst was resected and the patient developed arrhythmia following surgery. A review of the literature in Japan was performed, focusing on congenital anomalies associated with pericardial defects and its pathogenesis. We paid particular attention to complications following thoracic surgery in patients with pericardial defects and indications of pericardial reconstruction in such patients...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598597/traumatic-rupture-of-gastric-pull-up-after-apparent-mild-thoracic-trauma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Joaquin Valle, Hanumantha Srinivasrao, David Snow, Mike Asbitt
While elderly patients account for only 10-12% of all trauma victims, they consume 25% of trauma-related health care resources, with higher rates of mortality and complication. Presently described is the case of an elderly patient who presented to the emergency department (ED) following mild thoracic trauma, with previous history of gastric pull-up surgery. The patient had consulted another facility 48 hours earlier and was prescribed analgesia and x-ray follow-up for a mechanical fall and pain in the lower rib cage...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553197/penetrating-thoracic-trauma-patients-with-gross-physiological-derangement-a-responsibility-for-the-general-surgeon-in-the-absence-of-trauma-or-cardiothoracic-surgeon
#16
Dietrich Doll, Markus Eichler, Pantelis Vassiliu, Kenneth Boffard, Tim Pohlemann, Elias Degiannis
BACKGROUND: Penetrating trauma is becoming increasingly common in parts of the world where previously it was rare. At the same time, general surgeons and surgical trainees are becoming more specialized, and less comfortable operating within areas beyond their zone of specialization. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this manuscript is to assess the technical difficulties encountered in operating on patients who have sustained penetrating trauma, and to prove to general surgeons that the technical skills and techniques required are no different to those required for abdominal surgery, and do not require additional dexterity...
August 23, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474514/operating-on-patients-who-smoke-a-survey-of%C3%A2-thoracic-surgeons-in-the-united-states
#17
Katy A Marino, Melissa A Little, Zoran Bursac, Jennifer L Sullivan, Robert Klesges, Benny Weksler
BACKGROUND: Although preoperative smoking is associated with increased postoperative complications in patients who undergo major thoracic surgical procedures, there are no national guidelines that address the patient's preoperative tobacco use. This study examined the typical preoperative management of thoracic surgical patients who are smokers. METHODS: The link to an anonymous survey was emailed to cardiothoracic surgeons in the United States. The survey included questions regarding the likelihood of a surgeon to offer surgery and strategies used to assist patients in quitting smoking before surgery...
September 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358296/mortality-following-congenital-heart-surgery-in-adults-can-be-predicted-accurately-by-combining-expert-based-and-evidence-based-pediatric-risk-scores
#18
Jürgen Hörer, Jelena Kasnar-Samprec, Julie Cleuziou, Martina Strbad, Michael Wottke, Harald Kaemmerer, Christian Schreiber, Rüdiger Lange
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there are few specific risk stratification models available to predict mortality following congenital heart surgery in adults. We sought to evaluate whether the predictive power of the common pediatric scores is applicable for adults. In addition, we evaluated a new grown-ups with congenital heart disease (GUCH) score specifically designed for adults undergoing congenital heart surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data of all consecutive patients aged 18 years or more, who underwent surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) between 2004 and 2013 at our institution, were collected...
July 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297861/simplified-prediction-of-postoperative-cardiac-surgery-outcomes-with-a-novel-score-r2chads2
#19
Julio G Peguero, Saberio Lo Presti, Omar Issa, Carlos Podesta, Helen Parise, Ayman Layka, Juan C Brenes, Joseph Lamelas, Gervasio A Lamas
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of R2CHADS2, CHADS2, and CHA2DS2-VASc scores vs the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score as predictors of morbidity and mortality after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: All patients who underwent cardiothoracic surgery at our institution from January 2008 to July 2013 were analyzed. Only those patients who fulfilled the criteria for STS score calculation were included. The R2CHADS2 score was computed as follows: 2 points for GFR < 60 mL/min/1...
July 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209606/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-lung-cancer-resection-risk-model-higher-quality-data-and-superior-outcomes
#20
Felix G Fernandez, Andrzej S Kosinski, William Burfeind, Bernard Park, Malcolm M DeCamp, Christopher Seder, Blair Marshall, Mitchell J Magee, Cameron D Wright, Benjamin D Kozower
BACKGROUND: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) creates risk-adjustment models for common cardiothoracic operations for quality improvement purposes. Our aim was to update the lung cancer resection risk model utilizing the STS General Thoracic Surgery Database (GTSD) with a larger and more contemporary cohort. METHODS: We queried the STS GTSD for all surgical resections of lung cancers from January 1, 2012, through December 31, 2014. Logistic regression was used to create three risk models for adverse events: operative mortality, major morbidity, and composite mortality and major morbidity...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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