Read by QxMD icon Read

Surgery,cardiothoracic surgery,thoracic

Wei Yu, Bo Ye, Liyun Xu, Zhaoyu Wang, Hanbo Le, Shanjun Wang, Hanbo Cao, Zhenda Chai, Zhijun Chen, Qingquan Luo, Yongkui Zhang
BACKGROUND: The solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is a common and challenging clinical problem, especially solid SPN. The object of this study was to explore the predictive factors of SPN appearing as pure solid with malignance and to establish a clinical prediction model of solid SPNs. METHODS: We had a retrospective review of 317 solid SPNs (group A) having a final diagnosis in the department of thoracic surgery, Shanghai Chest Hospital from January 2015 to December 2015, and analyzed their clinical data and computed tomography (CT) images, including age, gender, smoking history, family history of cancer, previous cancer history, diameter of nodule, nodule location (upper lobe or non-upper lobe, left or right), clear border, smooth margin, lobulation, spiculation, vascular convergence, pleural retraction sign, air bronchogram sign, vocule sign, cavity and calcification...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Joanne F Irons, Lachlan F Miles, Kaustuv R Joshi, Andrew A Klein, Marco Scarci, Piergiorgio Solli, Guillermo Martinez
OBJECTIVE: General anesthesia with endobronchial intubation and one-lung positive-pressure ventilation always has been considered mandatory for thoracic surgery. Recently, there has been interest in nonintubated techniques for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in awake and sedated patients. The authors' center developed a nonintubated technique with spontaneous ventilation with the patient under general anesthesia using a supraglottic airway device. The authors believe that this was the first study to compare a nonintubated general anesthetic technique with an intubated general anesthetic technique for VATS...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Mark K Ferguson
The world of cardiothoracic surgery lost a friend and remarkable colleague on May 9, 2016. Robert L. Replogle, the 31st President of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, died at the University of Chicago Medical Center after a brief illness, surrounded by his loving family. Known to his friends as "Rep," he will be remembered as an excellent pediatric and adult cardiac surgeon and as a visionary leader.
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
John S Ikonomidis
BACKGROUND: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) has intermittently surveyed its workforce, providing isolated accounts of the current state of thoracic surgical practice. METHODS: The 63-question survey instrument was received by 4,343 surgeon members of the STS, and responses were gathered between October 1 and November 5, 2014. The return rate was 29.1%. RESULTS: The median age of the active United States thoracic surgeons is 54 years...
September 7, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Toshiko Kamata, Shigetoshi Yoshida, Takekazu Iwata, Yukio Nakatani, Ichiro Yoshino
Congenital pericardial defects are a rare anomaly, found during autopsy and cardiothoracic surgery. We describe a case of a 69-year-old female, with a right-sided congenital pericardial defect associated with a giant bronchogenic cyst (BC) found during surgery. The cyst was resected and the patient developed arrhythmia following surgery. A review of the literature in Japan was performed, focusing on congenital anomalies associated with pericardial defects and its pathogenesis. We paid particular attention to complications following thoracic surgery in patients with pericardial defects and indications of pericardial reconstruction in such patients...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Joaquin Valle, Hanumantha Srinivasrao, David Snow, Mike Asbitt
While elderly patients account for only 10-12% of all trauma victims, they consume 25% of trauma-related health care resources, with higher rates of mortality and complication. Presently described is the case of an elderly patient who presented to the emergency department (ED) following mild thoracic trauma, with previous history of gastric pull-up surgery. The patient had consulted another facility 48 hours earlier and was prescribed analgesia and x-ray follow-up for a mechanical fall and pain in the lower rib cage...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Dietrich Doll, Markus Eichler, Pantelis Vassiliu, Kenneth Boffard, Tim Pohlemann, Elias Degiannis
BACKGROUND: Penetrating trauma is becoming increasingly common in parts of the world where previously it was rare. At the same time, general surgeons and surgical trainees are becoming more specialized, and less comfortable operating within areas beyond their zone of specialization. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this manuscript is to assess the technical difficulties encountered in operating on patients who have sustained penetrating trauma, and to prove to general surgeons that the technical skills and techniques required are no different to those required for abdominal surgery, and do not require additional dexterity...
August 23, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Katy A Marino, Melissa A Little, Zoran Bursac, Jennifer L Sullivan, Robert Klesges, Benny Weksler
BACKGROUND: Although preoperative smoking is associated with increased postoperative complications in patients who undergo major thoracic surgical procedures, there are no national guidelines that address the patient's preoperative tobacco use. This study examined the typical preoperative management of thoracic surgical patients who are smokers. METHODS: The link to an anonymous survey was emailed to cardiothoracic surgeons in the United States. The survey included questions regarding the likelihood of a surgeon to offer surgery and strategies used to assist patients in quitting smoking before surgery...
September 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Jürgen Hörer, Jelena Kasnar-Samprec, Julie Cleuziou, Martina Strbad, Michael Wottke, Harald Kaemmerer, Christian Schreiber, Rüdiger Lange
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there are few specific risk stratification models available to predict mortality following congenital heart surgery in adults. We sought to evaluate whether the predictive power of the common pediatric scores is applicable for adults. In addition, we evaluated a new grown-ups with congenital heart disease (GUCH) score specifically designed for adults undergoing congenital heart surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data of all consecutive patients aged 18 years or more, who underwent surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) between 2004 and 2013 at our institution, were collected...
July 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Julio G Peguero, Saberio Lo Presti, Omar Issa, Carlos Podesta, Helen Parise, Ayman Layka, Juan C Brenes, Joseph Lamelas, Gervasio A Lamas
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of R2CHADS2, CHADS2, and CHA2DS2-VASc scores vs the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score as predictors of morbidity and mortality after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: All patients who underwent cardiothoracic surgery at our institution from January 2008 to July 2013 were analyzed. Only those patients who fulfilled the criteria for STS score calculation were included. The R2CHADS2 score was computed as follows: 2 points for GFR < 60 mL/min/1...
July 2016: American Heart Journal
Felix G Fernandez, Andrzej S Kosinski, William Burfeind, Bernard Park, Malcolm M DeCamp, Christopher Seder, Blair Marshall, Mitchell J Magee, Cameron D Wright, Benjamin D Kozower
BACKGROUND: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) creates risk-adjustment models for common cardiothoracic operations for quality improvement purposes. Our aim was to update the lung cancer resection risk model utilizing the STS General Thoracic Surgery Database (GTSD) with a larger and more contemporary cohort. METHODS: We queried the STS GTSD for all surgical resections of lung cancers from January 1, 2012, through December 31, 2014. Logistic regression was used to create three risk models for adverse events: operative mortality, major morbidity, and composite mortality and major morbidity...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
E W Stranch, B L Zarzaur, S A Savage
INTRODUCTION: Penetrating cardiac injuries are infrequent but highly lethal. To address these injuries, cardiopulmonary bypass and cardiothoracic surgery availability are required for Level I trauma center verification. However, acute care surgeons are more readily available for this time-sensitive injury. The purpose of this study was to review an acute care surgery-based experience with penetrating cardiac trauma at an urban Level 1 trauma center. Our hypothesis was that care provided solely by acute care surgeons was both safe and effective for this patient population...
May 18, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Elizabeth H Stephens, Michael P Robich, Dustin M Walters, Walter F DeNino, Muhammad Aftab, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili, Amanda L Eilers, Robert D Rice, Andrew B Goldstone, Ryan C Shlestad, Tarek Malas, Marisa Cevasco, Erin A Gillaspie, Amy G Fiedler, Damien J LaPar, Asad A Shah
BACKGROUND: The cardiothoracic surgical workforce is changing. Although 5% of practicing surgeons are women, 20% of current cardiothoracic surgery residents are women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of gender on specialty interest, satisfaction, and career pathways of current residents. METHODS: Responses to the mandatory 2015 Thoracic Surgery Residents Association/Thoracic Surgery Directors Association in-training examination survey taken by 354 residents (100% response rate) were evaluated...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Andreas A Giannopoulos, Michael L Steigner, Elizabeth George, Maria Barile, Andetta R Hunsaker, Frank J Rybicki, Dimitris Mitsouras
Medical 3-dimensional (3D) printing is emerging as a clinically relevant imaging tool in directing preoperative and intraoperative planning in many surgical specialties and will therefore likely lead to interdisciplinary collaboration between engineers, radiologists, and surgeons. Data from standard imaging modalities such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, echocardiography, and rotational angiography can be used to fabricate life-sized models of human anatomy and pathology, as well as patient-specific implants and surgical guides...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Stephen M Lyen, Jonathan C L Rodrigues, Nathan E Manghat, Mark C K Hamilton, Mark Turner
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to retrospectively evaluate non-stent graft closure of ascending aortic pseudoaneurysms at our center over a 10-year period, and describe a combined device occlusion and coil embolization technique. BACKGROUND: Aortic pseudoaneurysms (APAs) are a rare complication post cardiothoracic surgery, but can have fatal complications. There is increasing use of percutaneous interventional techniques for occlusion of aortic pseudoaneurysms in patients who are considered unsuitable for surgery...
May 3, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Elizabeth H Stephens, Asad A Shah, Michael P Robich, Dustin M Walters, Walter F DeNino, Muhammad Aftab, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili, Amanda L Eilers, Robert D Rice, Andrew B Goldstone, Ryan C Shelstad, Tarek Malas, Marisa Cevasco, Erin A Gillaspie, Damien J LaPar
BACKGROUND: Traditionally cardiothoracic residents spent dedicated research time during general surgery equipping them for a potential academic career. Recent changes in training paradigms, including integrated programs that may not include research time, could affect the development of future academic cardiothoracic surgeons. METHODS: Responses to the 2015 Thoracic Surgery Directors' Association/Thoracic Surgery Residents' Association survey accompanying the in-training examination taken by current cardiothoracic surgery residents were analyzed...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Mahesh Ramchandani, Odeaa Al Jabbari, Walid K Abu Saleh, Basel Ramlawi
For any given cardiac surgery, there are two invasive components: the surgical approach and the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit. The standard approach for cardiac surgery is the median sternotomy, which offers unrestricted access to the thoracic organs-the heart, lung, and major vessels. However, it carries a long list of potential complications such as wound infection, brachial plexus palsies, respiratory dysfunction, and an unpleasant-looking scar. The cardiopulmonary bypass component also carries potential complications such as end-organ dysfunction, coagulopathy, hemodilution, bleeding, and blood transfusion requirement...
January 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
Apeksha Chaturvedi, Steven Lee, Nina Klionsky, Abhishek Chaturvedi
Evaluation for pneumothorax is an important indication for obtaining chest radiographs in patients who have had trauma, recent cardiothoracic surgery or are on ventilator support. By definition, a persistent pneumothorax constitutes ongoing bubbling of air from an in situ chest drain, 48 h after its insertion. Persistent pneumothorax remains a diagnostic dilemma and identification of potentially treatable aetiologies is important. These may be chest tube related (kinks or malposition), lung parenchymal disease, bronchopleural fistula, or rarely, oesophageal-pleural fistula...
June 2016: Insights Into Imaging
Danny Chu, Ara A Vaporciyan, Mark D Iannettoni, John S Ikonomidis, David D Odell, Richard J Shemin, Sandra L Starnes, William Stein, Vinay Badhwar
BACKGROUND: Cardiothoracic surgery is rapidly evolving to adapt to a changing health care environment and a wider application of innovative techniques. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Workforce on Thoracic Surgery Resident Issues Transition to Practice Task Force sought to identify new or existing gaps of training in contemporary thoracic surgery residency training programs. METHODS: A voluntary survey consisting of 24 questions was distributed to recent graduates of thoracic surgery residency programs in the United States during the 2014 American Board of Thoracic Surgery oral examination application process...
June 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
John S Ikonomidis, Niv Ad, Gabriel S Aldea, Michael Argenziano, Aubrey C Galloway, Robert C Hagberg, Robert L Kormos, Jennifer S Lawton, Tomislav Mihaljevic, T Brett Reece, Elaine E Tseng
BACKGROUND: Many cardiothoracic surgeons supplement their case volume through the performance of vascular surgical procedures. Information regarding this practice is not well defined. METHODS: In January of 2013, a survey was conducted of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) membership to assess the performance of vascular operations by cardiothoracic surgeons. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 8.7%. Of the surgeons practicing vascular surgery, 60% were aged 45 to 64 years and 92% were male...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"