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Surgery,cardiothoracic surgery,thoracic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337124/evaluation-of-prophylactic-antibiotic-use-for-delayed-sternal-closure-post-cardiothoracic-surgery
#1
Jamie L Eckardt, Matthew R Wanek, Chiedozie I Udeh, Elizabeth A Neuner, Thomas G Fraser, Tamer Attia, Eric E Roselli
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines provide recommendations for surgical prophylaxis in patients undergoing cardiothoracic procedures. However, there are currently no recommendations guiding the management of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients requiring delayed sternal closure following cardiothoracic surgery. METHODS: This is a single-center, retrospective analysis. Data was extracted from the Society of Thoracic Surgery (STS) Database and electronic medical record for the time period of July 2011 - January 2016...
January 11, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250755/extracorporeal-lung-support-for-advanced-lung-failure-a-new-era-in-thoracic-surgery-and-translational-science
#2
REVIEW
Norihisa Shigemura
For the patients with progressively decompensating acute or acute-on-chronic respiratory failure, the first-choice treatment remains as mechanical ventilation. Despite the consistent value of mechanical ventilation, the majority of lung specialists are aware of its limitations, in particular for the patients with advanced lung failure, and inherent drawbacks that augment disease progression. More recently, the concept of allowing the lungs to 'rest and recover' has been supported by quite a few clinical studies...
December 18, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246366/quality-of-operative-performance-feedback-given-to-thoracic-surgery-residents-using-an-app-based-system
#3
Azad S Karim, Joel M Sternbach, Edward M Bender, Joseph B Zwischenberger, Shari L Meyerson
OBJECTIVE: Residents frequently report inadequate feedback both in quantity and quality. The study evaluates the quality of faculty feedback about operative performance given using an app-based system. DESIGN: Residents requested operative performance evaluation from faculty on a real-time basis using the "Zwisch Me!!" mobile application which allows faculty to provide brief written feedback. Qualitative analysis of feedback was performed using grounded theory. SETTING: The 7 academic medical centers with thoracic surgery training programs...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232300/three-dimensional-printing-of-life-like-models-for-simulation-and-training-of-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery
#4
Toshiyuki Yamada, Motohiko Osako, Tomoya Uchimuro, Ryogen Yoon, Toshiaki Morikawa, Maki Sugimoto, Hisao Suda, Hideyuki Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: As the use of minimally invasive surgery in cardiothoracic surgery increases, so does the need for simulation and training. We developed a heart model for simulation and training of minimally invasive cardiac surgery, particularly minimally invasive mitral valve repair using our new three-dimensional printing system. METHODS: Digital imaging and communication in medicine data from patient computed tomography, three-dimensional computer-aided design, and three-dimensional printing helped create replicas of the heart and thoracic cavity...
November 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221739/providing-cardiothoracic-services-in-2035-signs-of-trouble-ahead
#5
Susan Moffatt-Bruce, Juan Crestanello, David P Way, Thomas E Williams
OBJECTIVE: As the population ages, we will present the reality around being able to meet the health care needs of our population. In particular, we will present that providing cardiothoracic services in 2035 with a shortage of surgeons and an unknown caseload may be an impossibility. METHODS: By using data from the American Board of Thoracic Surgery, we estimate that in 2010, 4000 cardiothoracic surgeons performed more than 530,000 cases. Additionally, cardiothoracic residency programs train and certify on average 90 new surgeons every year...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206830/-the-masters-of-thoracic-trauma-in-the-central-hospital-of-the-mexican-red-cross-their-story-and-legacy
#6
Juan Carlos Vázquez-Minero, Guillermo Vallejo-Sandoval, Anette Ochmann-Ratch, Laura Portillo-Téllez, Demian Trueba-Lozano
The branches of medicine responsible for the care of victims of different types of injuries were born as a result of the urgent need to save lives during the wars. In Mexico, one of the first hospitals developed for the care of injured patients was the Central Hospital of the Mexican Red Cross. The aim of this article is to pay tribute to the first service for the care of patients with chest trauma, founded in 1954, its founders and those who have continued with their work: Dr. Pedro Garza Alegría, Dr. Octavio Rivas Solís Dr...
November 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195570/worldwide-trends-in-multi-arterial-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-2004-2014-a-tale-of-2-continents
#7
Thomas A Schwann, James Tatoulis, John Puskas, Mark Bonnell, David Taggart, Paul Kurlansky, Jeffery P Jacobs, Vinod H Thourani, Sean O'Brien, Amelia Wallace, Milo C Engoren, Robert F Tranbaugh, Robert H Habib
Recent evidence shows that multi-arterial coronary artery bypass grafting (MABG) based on bilateral internal thoracic (BITA) or left internal thoracic (LITA) and radial artery (RA) improves long-term outcomes compared with single arterial coronary artery bypass grafting (SABG) (LITA + saphenous vein graft). How this evidence affected the worldwide use of MABG, if at all, is not well defined. Accordingly, we report 10-year temporal trends of MABG utilization from 2 continents. A study population of 1,683,434 non-emergent, primary, isolated LITA-based coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (≥2 grafts) patients was derived from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) (1,307,528 (79...
2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183368/incidence-of-orthostatic-hypotension-and-cardiovascular-response-to-postoperative-early-mobilization-in-patients-undergoing-cardiothoracic-and-abdominal-surgery
#8
Masatoshi Hanada, Yuichi Tawara, Takuro Miyazaki, Shuntaro Sato, Yosuke Morimoto, Masato Oikawa, Hiroshi Niwa, Kiyoyuki Eishi, Takeshi Nagayasu, Susumu Eguchi, Ryo Kozu
BACKGROUND: In cardiothoracic and abdominal surgery, postoperative complications remain major clinical problems. Early mobilization has been widely practiced and is an important component in preventing complications, including orthostatic hypotension (OH) during postoperative management. We investigated cardiovascular response during early mobilization and the incidence of OH after cardiothoracic and abdominal surgery. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we consecutively analyzed data from 495 patients who underwent elective cardiothoracic and abdominal surgery...
November 28, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112541/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-cardiovascular-and-thoracic-surgery
#9
Aamer B Ahmed, Andreas Koster, Marcus Lance, David Faraoni
: None of the predictive models for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis have been designed for and validated in patients undergoing cardiothoracic and vascular surgery. The presence of one or more risk factors [age over 70 years old, transfusion of more than 4 U of red blood cells/fresh frozen plasma/cryoprecipitate, mechanical ventilation lasting more than 24 h, postoperative complication (e.g. acute kidney injury, infection/sepsis, neurological complication)] should place the cardiac population at high risk for VTE...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078686/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-in-hemothorax
#10
REVIEW
Stefano Sanna, Luca Bertolaccini, Jury Brandolini, Desideria Argnani, Marta Mengozzi, Alessandro Pardolesi, Piergiorgio Solli
The management of hemothorax (spontaneous or, more often, due to thoracic trauma lesions), follows basic tenets well-respected by cardiothoracic surgeons. In most, a non-operative approach is adequate and safe, with a defined group of patients requiring only tube thoracostomy. Only a minority of patients need a surgical intervention due to retained hemothorax, persistent bleeding or incoming complications, as pleural empyema or entrapped lung. In the early 1990s, the rapid technological developments determined an increase of diagnostic and therapeutical indications for multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) as the gold standard therapy for retained and persistent hemothorax, allowing an earlier diagnosis, total clots removal and better tubes placement with less morbidity, reduced post-operative pain and shorter hospital stay...
2017: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049754/management-of-retrograde-intraoperative-type-a-aortic-dissection-from-descending-thoracic-aortic-injury
#11
Whitney E Hornsby, William Weir, Minhaj Khaja, Bo Yang
Intraoperative Type A aortic dissection during cardiothoracic surgery is extremely rare, but the consequences can be fatal. We report 2 case summaries of retrograde intraoperative Type A aortic dissection from descending thoracic aortic injury during ascending aortic cannulation and provide a discussion on management.
August 31, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029990/2017-eacts-eacta-guidelines-on-patient-blood-management-for-adult-cardiac-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Christa Boer, Michael I Meesters, Milan Milojevic, Umberto Benedetto, Daniel Bolliger, Christian von Heymann, Anders Jeppsson, Andreas Koster, Ruben L Osnabrugge, Marco Ranucci, Hanne Berg Ravn, Alexander B A Vonk, Alexander Wahba, Domenico Pagano, Moritz W V Wyler von Ballmoos, Mate Petricevic, Arie Pieter Kappetein, Miguel Sousa-Uva, Georg Trummer, Peter M Rosseel, Michael Sander, Pascal Colson, Adrian Bauer
Authors/Task Force Members: Christa Boer (EACTA Chairperson)(Netherlands), Michael I. Meesters (Netherlands), Milan Milojevic (Netherlands), Umberto Benedetto (UK), Daniel Bolliger (Switzerland), Christian von Heymann (Germany), Anders Jeppsson (Sweden), Andreas Koster (Germany), Ruben L. Osnabrugge (Netherlands), Marco Ranucci (Italy), Hanne Berg Ravn (Denmark), Alexander B.A. Vonk (Netherlands), Alexander Wahba (Norway), Domenico Pagano (EACTS Chairperson)(UK), Document Reviewers: Moritz W.V. Wyler von Ballmoos (USA), Mate Petricevic (Croatia), Arie Pieter Kappetein (Netherlands), Miguel Sousa-Uva (Portugal), Georg Trummer (Germany), Peter M...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029100/2017-eacts-eacta-guidelines-on-patient-blood-management-for-adult-cardiac-surgery-the-task-force-on-patient-blood-management-for-adult-cardiac-surgery-of-the-european-association-for-cardio-thoracic-surgery-eacts-and-the-european-association-of-cardiothoracic
#13
Domenico Pagano, Milan Milojevic, Michael I Meesters, Umberto Benedetto, Daniel Bolliger, Christian von Heymann, Anders Jeppsson, Andreas Koster, Ruben L Osnabrugge, Marco Ranucci, Hanne Berg Ravn, Alexander B A Vonk, Alexander Wahba, Christa Boer, Moritz W V Wyler von Ballmoos, Mate Petricevic, Arie Pieter Kappetein, Miguel Sousa-Uva, Georg Trummer, Peter M Rosseel, Michael Sander, Pascal Colson, Adrian Bauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982516/robotic-assisted-thoracoscopic-transdiaphragmatic-adrenalectomy-ratta-for-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#14
Christopher M Russell, Simpa S Salami, Amir H Lebastchi, Kiran H Lagisetty, Rohit Mehra, Khaled S Hafez, Rishindra M Reddy, Alon Z Weizer
OBJECTIVE: Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic transdiaphragmatic adrenalectomy (RATTA) represents a novel surgical approach for the management of adrenal pathology in patients with a history of extensive transperitoneal or retroperitoneal procedures. METHODS: Here we report the first described case of RATTA in a 56-year-old woman with metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the left adrenal gland and right lung. With the assistance of cardiothoracic surgery, this patient underwent robotic-assisted thoracoscopic pulmonary wedge resection and RATTA...
July 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969897/current-status-of-endovascular-training-for-cardiothoracic-surgery-residents-in-the-united-states
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Panos N Vardas, Ada C Stefanescu Schmidt, Xiaoying Lou, Andrew B Goldstone, Gregory Pattakos, Amy G Fiedler, Elizabeth H Stephens, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili
BACKGROUND: Endovascular interventions for cardiovascular pathology are becoming increasingly relevant to cardiothoracic surgery. This study assessed the perceived prevalence and efficacy of endovascular skills training and identified differences among training paradigms. METHODS: Trainee responses to questions in the 2016 In-Service Training Examination survey regarding endovascular training were analyzed based on the four different cardiothoracic surgery training pathways: traditional 2- and 3-year thoracic, integrated 6-year, and combined 4+3 general and thoracic residency programs...
November 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910466/surgical-instrument-sets-for-special-operations-expeditionary-surgical-teams
#16
Diane F Hale, Justin C Sexton, Linda C Benavides, Jerry M Benavides, Jonathan B Lundy
BACKGROUND: The deployment of surgical assets has been driven by mission demands throughout years of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The transition to the highly expeditious Golden Hour Offset Surgical Transport Team (GHOST- T) now offers highly mobile surgical assets in nontraditional operating rooms; the content of the surgical instrument sets has also transformed to accommodate this change. METHODS: The 102nd Forward Surgical Team (FST) was attached to Special Operations assigned to southern Afghanistan from June 2015 to March 2016...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762458/removal-of-cardiothoracic-war-related-shrapnel-using-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#17
Mohammed Khalifa, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Navidul Khan, Edward Black
This is the first report in the literature to describe removing war-related cardiothoracic shrapnel using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). War blast caused penetrating thoracic and extremity injuries in 30-year-old man. He was referred to our hospital after stabilization. Magnetic resonance imaging was required to evaluate brachial plexus injury. Large, penetrating shrapnel fragment in the right posterior chest wall, retained shrapnel in apex of the right lung, and another fragment in the pericardium were removed using VATS in staged approach...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713211/early-extubation-in-pediatric-heart-surgery-across-a-spectrum-of-case-complexity-impact-on-hospital-length-of-stay-and-chest-tube-days
#18
Staci Beamer, Sunita Ferns, Lloyd Edwards, Greer Gunther, Jennifer Nelson
Early extubation is increasingly common in congenital heart surgery, but there are limited outcomes data across the spectrum of case complexity. We performed a retrospective review of 201 pediatric operations using cardiopulmonary bypass between 2012 and 2014. Patients extubated in the operating room or immediately on arrival to the ICU were compared to those extubated by traditional protocols. In-hospital mortality, major complications, need for re-intubation, hospital length of stay, and chest-tube days were compared between groups and by Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery Congenital Heart Surgery (STAT) mortality category...
June 2017: Progress in Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705484/is-it-all-about-the-money-not-all-surgical-subspecialization-leads-to-higher-lifetime-revenue-when-compared-to-general-surgery
#19
Maria Baimas-George, Brian Fleischer, Douglas Slakey, Emad Kandil, James R Korndorffer, Christopher DuCoin
OBJECTIVE: It is believed that spending additional years gaining expertise in surgical subspecialization leads to higher lifetime revenue. Literature shows that more surgeons are pursuing fellowship training and dedicated research years; however, there are no data looking at the aggregate economic impact when training time is accounted for. It is hypothesized that there will be a discrepancy in lifetime income when delay to practice is considered. DESIGN: Data were collected from the Medical Group Management Association's 2015 report of average annual salaries...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696880/performance-of-pediatric-risk-of-mortality-score-among-critically-ill-children-with-heart-disease
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rebecca A Russell, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Nancy Brundage, Howard E Jeffries, Punkaj Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the Pediatric Risk of Mortality 3 (PRISM-3) score in critically ill children with heart disease. METHODS: Patients <18 years of age admitted with cardiac diagnoses (cardiac medical and cardiac surgical) to one of the participating pediatric intensive care units in the Virtual Pediatric Systems, LLC, database were included. Performance of PRISM-3 was evaluated with discrimination and calibration measures among both cardiac surgical and cardiac medical patients...
July 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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