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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323758/cervical-cancer-screening-intervals-and-management-for-women-living-with-hiv-a-risk-benchmarking-approach
#1
Hilary A Robbins, Howard D Strickler, L Stewart Massad, Christopher B Pierce, Teresa M Darragh, Howard Minkoff, Marla J Keller, Margaret Fischl, Joel Palefsky, Lisa Flowers, Lisa Rahangdale, Joel Milam, Sadeep Shrestha, Christine Colie, Gypsyamber Dʼsouza
OBJECTIVE: We suggested cervical cancer screening strategies for women living with HIV (WLHIV) by comparing their precancer risks to general population women, and then compared our suggestions to current CDC guidelines. DESIGN: We compared risks of biopsy-confirmed cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial neoplasia or worse (bHSIL+), calculated among WLHIV in the Women's Interagency HIV Study, to "risk benchmarks" for specific management strategies in the general population...
March 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315747/multivariate-analysis-of-airway-obstruction-and-reintubation-after-anterior-cervical-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Haoxi Li, Yufeng Huang, Bin Shen, Zhaoyu Ba, Desheng Wu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study PURPOSE: To explore the risk factors for reintubation after airway obstruction following anterior cervical surgery. STUDY BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical surgery is an effective surgical therapy for cervical spine disorders. As the anterior approach is adopted more frequently, some rare postoperative complications come under the spotlight, among which, airway obstruction is extremely detrimental. However, the risk factors and the pathogenesis of the airway obstruction still remain unknown...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315612/ultrasound-assessment-of-peripheral-nerve-pathology-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-and-2
#3
Natalie Winter, Tim W Rattay, Hubertus Axer, Eva Schäffer, Bernhard F Décard, Isabel Gugel, Martin Schuhmann, Alexander Grimm
OBJECTIVE: The neurofibromatoses (NF) type 1 and 2 are hereditary tumor predisposition syndromes caused by germline mutations in the NF1 and NF2 tumor suppressor genes. In NF1 and 2, peripheral nerve tumors occur regularly. For further characterizing nerve ultrasound was performed in patients with NF1 and 2. METHODS: Patients with established diagnosis of NF1 (n=27) and NF2 (n=10) were included. Ultrasound of peripheral nerves and cervical roots was performed during routine follow-up visits...
February 20, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314288/prevalence-of-cervical-infection-and-genotype-distribution-of-human-papilloma-virus-among-females-in-da-nang-vietnam
#4
Song Nguyen VAN, Minh Nguyen Khac, Jan Dimberg, Andreas Matussek, Anna J Henningsson
AIM: The goal of the present study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) genotypes in women from two districts in and around Da Nang city, Vietnam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All participants were randomly selected, 200 from the Hai Chau district and 200 from the Son Tra district. The detection and genotyping of HPV were performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. RESULTS: Out of a total of 400 women, we found that 38 (9...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303830/multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-the-detection-of-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-types-in-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-cervical-tissues
#5
Mini P Singh, Nalini Gupta, T Deepak, Archit Kumar, Radha Kanta Ratho
Detecting high-risk-human papillomavirus (HPV) types has become an integral part of the cervical cancer screening programmes. This study aimed to develop a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for identification of HPV types 16 and 18 along with the beta globin gene in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded cervical biopsy specimens. A total of 59 samples from patients with cervical abnormalities were tested. HPV 16 positivity was 50% in cervical cancers and 52.9% in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Our multiplex PCR protocol can be used as a simple and cost-effective tool for high-risk-HPV detection in cervical cancer screening programmes...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303822/human-papillomavirus-and-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-gyneco-obstetric-outpatients-from-a-mexican-hospital
#6
Laura Conde-Ferráez, Jorge Ramiro Carrillo Martíez, Guadalupe Ayora-Talavera, María Del Refugio González Losa
CONTEXT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) and Chlamydia trachomatis are the most frequent sexually transmitted infections, usually asymptomatic. Persistent infection with high-risk HPV types and other cofactors such as the concomitant infection with C. trachomatis can represent a higher risk to develop cervical lesions; therefore, screening with sensitive methods could aid to identify women at risk. AIMS: The aim is to determine the prevalence and concurrence of both infections, detected with in-house molecular methods, and to identify the risk factors associated to the infections in Mexican women...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302993/content-analysis-of-news-coverage-on-cancer-prevention-and-screening-in-japanese-newspapers
#7
Rina Miyawaki, Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Koichiro Oka
Objectives The present study investigated articles on cancer prevention published in Japanese newspapers in 2011.Methods A content analysis of news coverage on cancer primary prevention and screening was conducted. Articles which mentioned cancer risk, prevention, and screening were extracted. For all articles on prevention, the newspaper's name, month of publication, and information source were checked. Coding variables for articles on primary prevention included causes of human cancer, risk and/or prevention, and recommended screening criteria...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300465/laparoscopic-radical-hysterectomy-in-early-stage-cervical-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yue Zhao, Bo Hang, Guang-Wu Xiong, Xiao-Wei Zhang
PURPOSE: To investigate the value of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) in the treatment of early stage cervical cancer by comparing intraoperative and postoperative outcomes with abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the Medline, Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, through February 2, 2016 with keywords of "laparoscopic OR laparoscopy" AND "radical hysterectomy OR early cervical cancer OR stage IB, stage IB1, stage IB2, stage IIA, stage IIA1, stage IIA2, stage IIA cervical cancer" to identify all relevant studies that compared LRH with ARH in treating early cervical cancer...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300047/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-cervical-cancer-and-screening-among-sub-saharan-african-female-students-in-a-uk-university
#9
Faith Sopuruchukwu Ogbonna
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the major diseases that affect women of child bearing age. Its main cause is the human papilloma virus; although, other associated factors have been evidenced to increase its risk. Pap-smear screening and vaccination which has been shown to be successful in reducing the incidence and prevalence of the disease in developed countries, has been neglected in developing countries due to lack of knowledge, misconceptions, and cultural beliefs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving only female Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) students in a UK university setting...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297074/cost-effectiveness-of-cervical-cancer-screening-methods-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Alex K Mezei, Heather L Armstrong, Heather N Pedersen, Nicole G Campos, Sheona M Mitchell, Musa Sekikubo, Josaphat K Byamugisha, Jane J Kim, Stirling Bryan, Gina S Ogilvie
The incidence of cervical cancer in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is five times higher than that observed in high-income countries (HICs). This discrepancy is largely attributed to the implementation of cytology-based screening programmes in HICs. However, due to reduced health system infrastructure requirements, HPV testing (self- and provider-collected), and visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) have been proposed as alternatives that may be better suited to LMICs. Knowing the relative value of different screening options can inform policy and the development of sustainable prevention programs...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295722/cerclage-for-short-cervix-on-ultrasound-in-singleton-gestations-without-prior-spontaneous-preterm-birth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-trials-using-individual-patient-level-data
#11
REVIEW
Vincenzo Berghella, Andrea Ciardulli, Orion A Rust, Meekai To, Katsufumi Otsuki, Sietske Althuisius, Kypros Nicolaides, Amanda Roman, Gabriele Saccone
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantify the efficacy of cervical cerclage in preventing preterm birth (PTB) in asymptomatic singleton pregnancies with a mid-trimester short transvaginal ultrasound cervical length (TVU CL) and without prior spontaneous PTB. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from inception of each database until February 2017. No language restrictions were applied. We included all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of asymptomatic singleton pregnancies without prior spontaneous PTB screened with TVU CL, found to have a midtrimester short CL <25 mm, and then randomized to management with either cerclage (i...
March 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295268/the-impact-of-community-health-educators-on-uptake-of-cervical-and-breast-cancer-prevention-services-in-nigeria
#12
Chibuike O Chigbu, Azubuike K Onyebuchi, Tonia C Onyeka, Boniface U Odugu, Cyril C Dim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of trained community health educators on the uptake of cervical and breast cancer screening, and HPV vaccination in rural communities in southeast Nigeria. METHODS: A prospective population-based intervention study, with a before-and-after design, involved four randomly selected communities in southeast Nigeria from February 2014 to February 2016. Before the intervention, baseline data were collected on the uptake of cervical and breast cancer prevention services...
March 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295170/implementing-universal-cervical-length-screening-in-asymptomatic-women-with-singleton-pregnancies-challenges-and-opportunities
#13
Michelle K Pedretti, Brenda M Kazemier, Jan E Dickinson, Ben W J Mol
Cervical length (CL) screening has been successfully utilised to identify asymptomatic women, with a singleton pregnancy, at risk of preterm birth (PTB), thereby providing an opportunity to offer interventions that may reduce that risk. Cervical length screening with ultrasound is most effectively performed with a transvaginal approach. Universal cervical length screening, encompassing all singleton pregnancies rather than restricting screening to those considered at increased risk of PTB, is currently not widely used, despite a growing body of evidence in support of its utility for PTB prevention...
March 10, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292015/evaluation-of-antioxidant-and-anticancer-activity-of-copper-oxide-nanoparticles-synthesized-using-medicinally-important-plant-extracts
#14
Dilaveez Rehana, D Mahendiran, R Senthil Kumar, A Kalilur Rahiman
Copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles were synthesized by green chemistry approach using different plant extracts obtained from the leaves of Azadirachta indica, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Murraya koenigii, Moringa oleifera and Tamarindus indica. In order to compare their efficiency, the same copper oxide nanoparticles was also synthesized by chemical method. Phytochemical screening of the leaf extracts showed the presence of carbohydrates, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolic compounds, saponins, tannins, proteins and amino acids...
March 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291893/predictive-accuracy-of-serial-transvaginal-cervical-lengths-and-quantitative-vaginal-fetal-fibronectin-levels-for-spontaneous-preterm-birth-among-nulliparous-women
#15
M Sean Esplin, Michal A Elovitz, Jay D Iams, Corette B Parker, Ronald J Wapner, William A Grobman, Hyagriv N Simhan, Deborah A Wing, David M Haas, Robert M Silver, Matthew K Hoffman, Alan M Peaceman, Steve N Caritis, Samuel Parry, Pathik Wadhwa, Tatiana Foroud, Brian M Mercer, Shannon M Hunter, George R Saade, Uma M Reddy
Importance: Spontaneous preterm birth is a leading cause of infant mortality. Prediction, largely based on prior pregnancy outcomes, is not possible in women pregnant for the first time. Objective: To assess the accuracy of universal screening to predict spontaneous preterm birth in nulliparous women using serial measurements of vaginal fetal fibronectin levels and cervical length. Design, Settings, and Participants: A prospective observational cohort study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies, from 8 clinical sites across the United States between October 2010 and May 2014...
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288614/women-s-intention-to-screen-and-willingness-to-vaccinate-their-daughters-against-cervical-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study-in-eastern-uganda
#16
Rawlance Ndejjo, Trasias Mukama, Geofrey Musinguzi, Abdullah Ali Halage, John C Ssempebwa, David Musoke
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends cervical cancer screening and vaccination programmes as measures to combat cervical cancer. The uptake of these measures remains low in Uganda, most especially in rural areas. An understanding of the factors that influence women's decision to attend screening, and willingness to have their daughters vaccinated against cervical cancer is essential for any attempts to increase uptake of these services. This study assessed the factors associated with intention to screen for cervical cancer among women in eastern Uganda, and willingness to have their daughters vaccinated against the disease...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286720/public-awareness-and-knowledge-of-pap-smear-as-a-screening-test-for-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-population-in-riyadh-city
#17
Hassan Al Khudairi, Ahmed Abu-Zaid, Osama Alomar, Hany Salem
AIMS: To explore the public awareness, knowledge, and attitudes of Saudi women towards Pap smear as a screening test for cervical cancer. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study took place in four major secondary and tertiary healthcare hospitals located in the capital city Riyadh between January 2016 and June 2016. A self-administered, coded, close-ended survey was randomly distributed to 1000 non-single women attending the obstetrics/gynecology outpatient clinics or inpatient wards...
January 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285418/the-effect-of-education-on-the-early-diagnosis-of-breast-and-cervix-cancer-on-the-women-s-attitudes-and-behaviors-regarding-participating-in-screening-programs
#18
Semra Kocaöz, Hanife Özçelik, Melek Serpil Talas, Fulya Akkaya, Fatma Özkul, Ayla Kurtuluş, Fahriye Ünlü
The objective of this paper was to define the effect of education on the early diagnosis of breast and cervix cancer on the women's attitudes and behaviors regarding participating in Cancer Early Diagnosis, Screening and Training Centers-CEDSTC screening programs. This semi-experimental study was completed with 342 women. The data were collected with forms "Champion's Health Belief Model Scale Breast Cancer-HBMSBC" and "Health Belief Model Scale for Cervical Cancer and the Pap Smear Test-HBMSCCPST." When the women's health beliefs before and after 6 months of the education about the early diagnosis of breast and cervical cancers are considered, it is seen that the HBMSBC subscales health motivation, breast self-examination (BSE), and evasion to mammography (MMG) decreased and BSE self-efficacy and MMG benefit attitudes increased and HBMSCCPST subscales pap smear benefit attitudes increased and evasion to pap smear attitude decreased (p < 0...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284203/factors-associated-with-cervical-cancer-screening-participation-among-immigrants-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#19
Esther E Idehen, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Castaneda, Teppo Juntunen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed low participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants compared with non-immigrants. Only a few studies about factors associated with immigrants' lower participation rates have been conducted in European countries that have universal access for all eligible women. Our study aimed to explore factors associated with cervical screening participation among women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish origin in Finland. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Well-being Survey, 2010-2012...
March 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282774/cervical-length-in-adolescents-versus-adults
#20
Jessica N Buck, Kelly M Orzechowski, Jason K Baxter, Vincenzo Berghella
PURPOSE: Two of the known risk factors for spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) are short cervical length (CL) ≤ 25 mm and adolescence (≤19 years). Our objective was to evaluate whether adolescent women have a higher incidence of short CL compared to their 20-24 year old counterparts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort of nulliparous singleton gestations undergoing universal second trimester transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) CL screening between January 2012 and June 2013...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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