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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535578/coasting-withholding-gonadotrophins-for-preventing-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Arianna D'Angelo, Nazar N Amso, Rudaina Hassan
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic and potentially life threatening condition resulting from excessive ovarian stimulation. Reported incidence of moderate to severe OHSS ranges from 0.6% to 5% of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The factors contributing to OHSS have not been completely explained. The release of vasoactive substances secreted by the ovaries under human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) stimulation may play a key role in triggering this syndrome...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535401/workforce-planning-and-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-across-europe-a-survey-of-national-trainee-societies
#2
Anna J M Aabakke, Alexandra Kristufkova, Charlotte Boyon, Laurids T Bune, Maud Van de Venne
OBJECTIVE(S): To describe the infrastructural differences in training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology (ObGyn) across Europe. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive web-based survey of 31 national ObGyn trainee societies representing the 30 member countries of the European Network of Trainees in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Answers were verified in a telephone interview and only countries which had completed the telephone interview were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: The final analysis included 28 of 31 societies representing 27 countries (response rate 90%)...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534597/metabolomics-for-improving-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#3
REVIEW
Charalampos S Siristatidis, Eleni Sertedaki, Dennis Vaidakis
BACKGROUND: In order to overcome the low effectiveness of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and the high incidence of multiple births, metabolomics is proposed as a non-invasive method to assess oocyte quality, embryo viability, and endometrial receptivity, and facilitate a targeted subfertility treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of metabolomic assessment of oocyte quality, embryo viability, and endometrial receptivity for improving live birth or ongoing pregnancy rates in women undergoing ART, compared to conventional methods of assessment...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533153/role-of-robotic-surgery-in-cervical-malignancy
#4
REVIEW
Jeong-Yeol Park, Joo-Hyun Nam
Surgical treatment is the mainstay of the management of early-stage cervical cancer. Abdominal radical hysterectomy and trachelectomy have long been the standard surgical approach to early-stage cervical cancer, achieving excellent survival outcomes. Recently, laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and trachelectomy have become the preferred alternative to abdominal surgery because laparoscopic approaches lead to better surgical outcomes without compromising survival outcomes. Since the robotic surgery platform was approved for the use of gynaecologic surgery in 2005, robotic radical hysterectomy and trachelectomy have been increasingly used in the surgical management of early-stage cervical cancer...
April 24, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532682/ebcog-position-statement-on-female-genital-mutilation
#5
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532631/competency-based-medical-education-and-assessment-of-training-review-of-selected-national-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-curricula
#6
Milena Garofalo, Rajesh Aggarwal
There are global variations in obstetrics and gynaecology (OBGYN) training curricula, both in length and in their structure and content. The ultimate goal for all residency programs is to ensure a skilled, competent physician, capable of independent practice by the end of his or her training. An online search was used for nationally recognized OBGYN training curricula. The curricula of Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States were individually reviewed and evaluated for their use of competency-based medical education and methods of assessment, including simulation...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531835/postpartum-acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-ogilvie-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports-and-case-series
#7
REVIEW
Pradeep Jayaram, Manoj Mohan, Stephen Lindow, Justin Konje
INTRODUCTION: Ogilvie's Syndrome or Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition characterized by massive dilatation of the colon in the absence of mechanical obstruction. About 10% of all reported cases are related to Obstetric and Gynaecological procedures, Caesarean section being the commonest associated factor. Acute intestinal dilatation, if not treated, may lead to perforation and faecal peritonitis with consequent high morbidity and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic literature searches were performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Google scholar and hand searches for relevant references were included without any language restriction...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530481/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-pre-menopausal-women-undergoing-bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy-for-benign-disease-a-review-of-practice
#8
Alison Richardson, Emily West, Mike Cust
Introduction The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on the diagnosis and management of the menopause states that women who are likely to go through the menopause as a result of surgical treatment should be offered information about the menopause and the importance of starting hormonal replacement therapy before they have their treatment. Objectives To determine compliance with NICE guidelines at the Royal Derby Hospital. Study design We undertook a retrospective review of all pre-menopausal women undergoing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for benign pathology between 1 January 2016 and 30 June 2016...
January 1, 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529192/short-and-long-term-outcomes-following-pelvic-exenteration-for-gynae-oncological-and-colorectal-cancers-a-9-year-consecutive-single-centre-cohort-study
#9
Mark Katory, Ross McLean, Edgar Paez, Ali Kucukmetin, Raj Naik
OBJECTIVES: Radical pelvic exenteration can be undertaken for locally invasive or recurrent disease in both colorectal and gynaecological malignancies. In the UK this procedure is usually undertaken by the respective surgical specialties who have undergone divergent surgical training. This study describes and compares outcomes between colorectal and gynae-oncological teams following pelvic exenteration for primary and recurrent gynaecological and colorectal cancers in a single-centre multi-disciplinary team...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528932/robot-assisted-gynaecological-cancer-surgery-complications-and-prevention
#10
REVIEW
Ka Yu Tse, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, Peter Christopher Lim
Ever since the US Food and Drug Administration approval of the use of da Vinci surgical systems (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, California) in gynaecology in 2005, robot-assisted surgery has been widely adopted in different countries. Some of the applications in benign and oncological gynaecology include myomectomy, sacrocolpopexy, tubal anastomosis, simple hysterectomy, radical hysterectomy, radical trachelectomy, pelvic and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy and even debulking surgery for ovarian cancer and pelvic exenteration for recurrent cervical and vaginal cancer...
April 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528679/evidence-based-peer-review-for-radiation-therapy-updated-review-of-the-literature-with-a-focus-on-tumour-subsite-and-treatment-modality
#11
M Huo, P Gorayski, M Poulsen, K Thompson, M B Pinkham
Technological advances in radiation therapy permit steep dose gradients from the target to spare normal tissue, but increase the risk of geographic miss. Suboptimal target delineation adversely affects clinical outcomes. Prospective peer review is a method for quality assurance of oncologists' radiotherapy plans. Published surveys suggest it is widely implemented. However, it may not be feasible to review every case before commencement of radiation therapy in all departments. The rate of plan changes following peer review of cases without a specific subsite or modality is typically around 10%...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526229/cost-benefit-analysis-of-robotic-surgery-in-gynaecological-oncology
#12
REVIEW
Christos Iavazzo, Ioannis D Gkegkes
Robotic approach is a rather new technique that can be used to optimise the management of patients with gynaecological cancer. However, concerns have been raised regarding the cost of such an approach compared to laparoscopic or open techniques. The aim of our chapter is to review the data of papers published so far that analyse the cost of robotic gynaecological oncology. A systematic review of the current literature was performed trying to assess the cost of the robotic technique including parameters that affect it and ways to minimise it in favour of the patients and health care systems...
April 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525846/exploring-the-clonal-evolution-of-cd133-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-1-aldh1-positive-cancer-stem-like-cells-from-primary-to-recurrent-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer-hgsoc-a-study-of-the-ovarian-cancer-therapy-innovative-models-prolong-survival-octips-consortium
#13
Ilary Ruscito, Dan Cacsire Castillo-Tong, Ignace Vergote, Iulia Ignat, Mandy Stanske, Adriaan Vanderstichele, Ram N Ganapathi, Jacek Glajzer, Hagen Kulbe, Fabian Trillsch, Alexander Mustea, Caroline Kreuzinger, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Charlie Gourley, Hani Gabra, Mirjana Kessler, Jalid Sehouli, Silvia Darb-Esfahani, Elena Ioana Braicu
BACKGROUND: High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) causes 80% of all ovarian cancer (OC) deaths. In this setting, the role of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) is still unclear. In particular, the evolution of CSC biomarkers from primary (pOC) to recurrent (rOC) HGSOCs is unknown. Aim of this study was to investigate changes in CD133 and aldehyde dehydrogenase-1 (ALDH1) CSC biomarker expression in pOC and rOC HGSOCs. METHODS: Two-hundred and twenty-four pOC and rOC intrapatient paired tissue samples derived from 112 HGSOC patients were evaluated for CD133 and ALDH1 expression using immunohistochemistry (IHC); pOCs and rOCs were compared for CD133 and/or ALDH1 levels...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521459/cisplatin-regulates-cell-autophagy-in-endometrial-cancer-cells-via-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-signalling-pathway
#14
Qiongyan Lin, Yifeng Wang, Dunjin Chen, Xiujie Sheng, Juan Liu, Hanzhen Xiong
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynaecological malignancy encountered in developed countries and the second most common in the developing world. The five-year survival rate of patients with endometrial cancer diagnosed at a late stage is <30%. Therefore, it is critical to develop a suitable chemotherapeutic regimen for late-stage endometrial cancer. Cisplatin (CDDP) is a first-line chemotherapeutic drug for endometrial cancer chemotherapy. The present study investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the effect of CDDP on endometrial cancer from the perspective of cell autophagy...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517240/imaging-after-treatment-in-uterine-malignancies-spectrum-of-normal-findings-and-most-common-complications
#15
REVIEW
Maura Miccò, Anna Maria Telesca, Benedetta Gui, Pier Paolo Grimaldi, Francesco Cambi, Maria Giulia Marini, Anna Lia Valentini, Lorenzo Bonomo
Uterine malignancies account for the majority of gynaecologic cancers. Different treatment options are available depending on histology, disease grade and stage. Hysterectomy is the most frequent surgical procedure. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy (CRT) represents the preferred therapeutic choice for locally advanced uterine and cervical malignancies. Imaging of the female pelvis following these treatments is particularly challenging due to alteration of the normal anatomy. Radiologists should be familiar with both the expected post-treatment imaging findings and the imaging features of possible complications to make the correct interpretation and avoid possible pitfalls...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515524/spinal-anaesthesia-for-a-caesarean-section-in-a-patient-with-paraneoplastic-cerebellar-ataxia
#16
Ayca Tas Tuna, Fatih Sahin, Dilcan Kotan, Ali Fuat Erdem, Meltem Baykara, Tuba Duzcan
Paraneoplastic cerebellar ataxia (PCA) is most frequently observed in gynaecological cancers, small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma, cancer testis or malignant thymoma. In the literature, there is no data related to the effects of PCA during pregnancy or reports on the effects of anaesthesia in patients with PCA. We present management of a pregnant woman with PCA who was suddenly unable to walk with PCA and for whom effective spinal anaesthesia was performed for an elective caesarean section with no complications...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511550/ct-features-in-surgically-proven-cases-of-ovarian-torsion-a-pictorial-review
#17
Sunita Dhanda, Swee Tian Quek, Ying Ting Mok, Clement Yong Hsiang Rong, Yuik Sing Eric Ting, Pooja Jagmohan, Bernard Wee
Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency characterized by a partial or complete rotation of the ovarian vascular pedicle, causing obstruction to venous outflow followed by arterial inflow. Clinically, ovarian torsion frequently mimics other causes of acute pelvic pain such as appendicitis, diverticulitis, renal colic etc. Ultrasonography (US) is the first line imaging modality of choice for evaluation of ovarian torsion. MRI is useful as a problem solving tool in patients with equivocal or non diagnostic US studies...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511469/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-newborns-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-level-3-neonatal-unit-in-western-india
#18
Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Amit R Kungwani, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Ankur Rajinder Sethi, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
INTRODUCTION: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a serious condition in neonatal care. It complicates the management necessitating the restrictive use of medications. AIM: To evaluate clinical profile, identify associated and prog-nostic factors in newborns with AKI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case control study done between January 2008 to January 2010. Total 1745 newborns were admitted, of which 74 babies had AKI. It was defined as serum creatinine >1...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511460/cuff-closure-by-vaginal-route-in-tlh-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#19
Huseyin Aydogmus, Serpil Aydoğmuş, Servet Gençdal, Sefa Kelekçi
Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy (TLH) represents one of the most performed gynaecological procedures nowadays. The closure of the vaginal cuff is the most diffucult part of TLH because of the difficulty of laparoscopic suturing techniques. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vaginal cuff closure by vaginal route on patients submitted to TLH. During the period between January 2013 to December 2015 total number of 64 laparoscopic hysterectomy were performed in our clinic. TLH and vaginal vault closure was performed as described by Ghezzi for all patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511457/leptin-as-a-predictive-marker-in-unexplained-infertility-in-north-indian-population
#20
Pratibha Kumari, S P Jaiswar, Pushplata Shankhwar, Sujata Deo, Kalim Ahmad, Bushra Iqbal, A A Mahdi
INTRODUCTION: According to WHO, the primary infertility in India is about 3.9% (age-standardized to 25-49 year) and 16.8% (age-standardized to 15-49 year), using the "age but no birth" definition. Several factors which affect fertility include low sperm production in men, poor egg quality and blocked fallopian tubes in women and also hormonal imbalances. Leptin plays a critical role in women's reproduction and neuroendocrine health. It is used for treating exercise-induced bone loss, eating disorders and infertility...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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