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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927915/faster-cancer-treatment-pathway-in-gynaecological-malignancy-a-repeat-clinical-audit
#1
Minah Ha, Anand Gangji
AIMS: This clinical audit aimed to review the Faster Cancer Tract pathway in Northland patients with gynaecological cancers to evaluate whether there has been an improvement since the previous audit in 2014-2015. METHODS: There were 46 patients who were discussed at the gynaecological oncology multidisciplinary meeting between January 2016 and December 2016 with confirmed gynaecological malignancy. Information regarding the time taken for various investigations, referrals, decisions and treatment to be completed for each patient was obtained from clinical records and compared against the Ministry of Health faster cancer treatment targets, standards of service provision and data from the previous audit...
June 22, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926160/the-clinical-usefulness-of-optical-coherence-tomography-during-cancer-interventions
#2
REVIEW
Labrinus van Manen, Jouke Dijkstra, Claude Boccara, Emilie Benoit, Alexander L Vahrmeijer, Michalina J Gora, J Sven D Mieog
INTRODUCTION: Tumor detection and visualization plays a key role in the clinical workflow of a patient with suspected cancer, both in the diagnosis and treatment. Several optical imaging techniques have been evaluated for guidance during oncological interventions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique which has been widely evaluated during the past decades. This review aims to determine the clinical usefulness of OCT during cancer interventions focussing on qualitative features, quantitative features and the diagnostic value of OCT...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921436/no-109-hysterectomy
#3
Guylaine Lefebvre, Catherine Allaire, John Jeffrey, George Vilos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the indications for hysterectomy, preoperative assessment, and available alternatives required prior to hysterectomy. Patient self-reported outcomes of hysterectomy have revealed high levels of patient satisfaction. These may be maximized by careful preoperative assessment and discussion of other treatment choices. In most cases hysterectomy is performed to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. The patient's preference regarding treatment alternatives must be considered carefully...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921430/use-of-elagolix-in-gynaecology
#4
Hugh S Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921429/water-related-vaginal-injury-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Isabelle Gauthier, Aisling A Clancy, Jennifer Lipson, Dante Pascali
BACKGROUND: Vaginal injury can result from entry of water into the vagina under high pressure. Previously reported cases describe water-jet vaginal injuries in women participating in water-related activities, including: water skiing, personal watercraft use, waterslides, water hose and fountains, with and without foreign body in situ. CASE: We describe the case of a severe vaginal laceration and hemorrhage in a 44-year-old female from a high-pressure water-jet generated during a water-ski fall requiring operative repair...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921232/cysteine-boosters-the-evolutionary-adaptation-to-cocl-2-mimicked-hypoxia-conditions-favouring-carboplatin-resistance-in-ovarian-cancer
#6
Sofia C Nunes, Filipa Lopes-Coelho, Sofia Gouveia-Fernandes, Cristiano Ramos, Sofia A Pereira, Jacinta Serpa
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynaecologic malignancy and the most common cause of death from gynaecologic cancer, especially due to diagnosis at an advanced stage, when a cure is rare. As ovarian tumour grows, cancer cells are exposed to regions of hypoxia. Hypoxia is known to be partially responsible for tumour progression, metastasis and resistance to therapies. These suggest that hypoxia entails a selective pressure in which the adapted cells not only have a fitness increase under the selective environment, but also in non-selective adverse environments...
June 19, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915731/health-care-utilization-and-expenditure-patterns-in-the-rural-areas-of-punjab-india
#7
Tarundeep Singh, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Gopal Singh, Manmeet Kaur, Sukhvinder Kaur, Preeti Thaware, Rajesh Kumar
Objective: To determine pattern of health care utilization and extent of out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure in rural areas of Punjab in India. Methods: Using multi stage sampling procedure, 660 participants were selected from 110 villages, out of all 22 districts; 440 participants had utilized outpatient care in past 15 days, and 220 had been hospitalized in past one year. Pretested semistructured questionnaires were used to enquire about household and healthcare expenditures...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914003/the-level-of-unpleasantness-of-pain-influences-the-choice-of-home-treatment-during-medical-abortion
#8
Satu Suhonen, Marja Tikka, Seppo Kivinen, Timo Kauppila
Background and aims Medical abortion is often performed at outpatient clinics or gynaecological wards. Yet, some women may stay at home during medical abortion. Pain has been reported to be one of the main side effects of the procedure. Methods We studied whether perceived abortion pain was related to the subjectively evaluated ability to stay at home during medical abortion. The size of the study group was 29 women. We also studied how well these women remembered the intensity and unpleasantness of the abortion pain in a control visit performed 3-6 weeks after abortion...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913966/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-current-approach-and-historical-background
#9
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Introduction We have developed somatocognitive therapy as a hybrid of Mensendieck physiotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy. Womenwith chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and vulvodynia (chronic pain of the vulvae and vestibulum, VD) were recruited into two separate treatment protocols as described. Methods 60 patients with CPP were recruited from the Department of Gynaecology at the Oslo University Hospital into a randomized, controlled intervention study. The patients were randomized into three treatment groups, receiving (1) treatment as usual, (2) somatocognitive therapy, and (3) in addition receiving cognitive therapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913743/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-the-historical-background-and-results-of-a-current-approach
#10
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Historic background and development of our somatocognitive approach Mensendieck physiotherapy of the Oslo School is a tradition of physiotherapy founded by the American physician Bess Mensendieck, a contemporary and fellow student of Sigmund Freud at the Paris School of Neurology. It builds on the principles of functional anatomy and the theories of motor learning. We have further developed the theory and practice from this physiotherapy tradition, challenged by the enormous load of patients with longstanding, incapacitating pain on western health care systems, by seeking to incorporate inspirational ideas from body oriented dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911034/fetal-skeletal-size-and-growth-are-relevant-biometric-markers-in-vitamin-d-deficient-mothers-a-north-east-india-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Dipti Sarma, Uma K Saikia, Darvin V Das
Context: The neonatal skeletal outcomes due to maternal Vitamin D deficiency. Aims: The aim of this study is to assess the serum 25 hydroxy Vitamin D (25[OH]D) status in pregnant women and correlate with cord blood 25(OH)D levels, femur length at 34 weeks gestation, and neonatal anthropometry (birth weight, birth length, and head circumference). Settings and Design: This was prospective cohort study. Subjects and Methods: This study was carried out in 250 healthy primigravida between 18 and 40 years of age in the third trimester of gestation attending the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati from December 2012 to December 2015...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910834/lasting-pathologic-complete-response-to-chemotherapy-for-ovarian-cancer-after-receiving-antimalarials-for-dermatomyositis
#12
Isabella Cadena, Victoria P Werth, Pascale Levine, Annie Yang, Andrea Downey, John Curtin, Franco Muggia
Could hydroxychloroquine and quinacrine antimalarial therapy for dermatomyositis later attributed to a paraneoplasic manifestation of an ovarian cancer enhance its subsequent response to chemotherapy? Five months after being diagnosed with dermatomyositis, while somewhat improved with hydroxychloroquine, quinacrine and methotrexate, this 63-year-old woman presented with an advanced intra-abdominal epithelial ovarian cancer documented (but not resected) at laparotomy. Neoadjuvant carboplatin/paclitaxel resulted in remarkable improvement of symptoms, tumour markers and imaging findings leading to thorough cytoreductive surgery at completion of five cycles...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908340/ureterolysis-for-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#13
Haider Jan, Vishalli Ghai
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate techniques of ureterolysis during complex laparoscopic hysterectomy. DESIGN: Technical video demonstrating different approaches to ureterolysis for complex benign pathology during laparoscopic hysterectomy. (Canadian Task force classification level III) SETTING: Benign gynaecology department at a University Hospital. INTERVENTION: We perform ureterolysis during laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign pathology...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903342/circadian-rhythms-of-factors-involved-in-luteal-regression-are-modified-in-p55-tumour-necrosis-factor-receptor-tnfrp55-deficient-mice
#14
Magali Del C de la Vega, María B Delsouc, Ivana Ponce, Vicente Ragusa, Sandra Vallcaneras, Ana C Anzulovich, Marilina Casais
The rhythm of factors involved in luteal regression is crucial in determining the physiological duration of the oestrous cycle. Given the role of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α in luteal function and circadian regulation and that most of the effects of TNF-α are mediated by p55 TNF receptor (TNFRp55), the aims of the present study were to analyse the following during the luteal regression phase in the ovary of mice: (1) whether the pattern of expression of progesterone (P4) and the enzymes involved in the synthesis and degradation of P4 is circadian and endogenous (the rhythm persists in constant conditions, (i...
June 15, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902519/the-association-between-sexually-transmitted-infections-human-papillomavirus-and-cervical-cytology-abnormalities-among-women-in-greece
#15
Christos Parthenis, Periklis Panagopoulos, Niki Margari, Christine Kottaridi, Aris Spathis, Abraham Pouliakis, Stefanos Konstantoudakis, George Chrelias, Charalambos Chrelias, Nikolaos Papantoniou, Ioannis G Panayiotides, Sotirios Tsiodras
OBJECTIVES: To investigate STIs diagnosis with HPV infection and the presence of cytological changes of the cervix in a cohort of sexually active women in Greece. METHODS: Cervical cytology testing, molecular typing of HPV and other STIs was performed in 345 sexually active women aged between 18 and 45 years (33.2±7.2) visiting a gynaecology clinic for routine cervical screening. We investigated the association of HPV and STI detection with cytological findings...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900881/ipem-topical-report-2-the-first-uk-survey-of-dose-indices-from-radiotherapy-treatment-planning-computed-tomography-scans-for-adult-patients
#16
Anne T Davis, James Earley, Sue Edyvean, Una Findlay, Rebecca Lindsay, Andrew Nisbet, Antony L Palmer, Rosaleen Plaistow, Matthew Geraint Joseph Williams, Tim J Wood
CT scans are an integral component of modern radiotherapy treatments, enabling the accurate localisation of the treatment target and organs-at-risk, and providing the tissue density information required for dose calculations in the treatment planning system. For these reasons, it is important to ensure exposures are optimised to give the required clinical image quality with doses that are as low as reasonably achievable. However, there is little guidance on dose levels in radiotherapy CT imaging either within the UK or internationally...
June 14, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900198/data-in-support-of-high-rate-of-pregnancy-related-deaths-in-maiduguri-borno-state-northeast-nigeria
#17
Patience I Adamu, Muminu O Adamu, Hilary I Okagbue
Pregnancy related deaths (PRD) are public health concern in most developing countries and Nigeria in particular. Despite the efforts put in by the concerned authorities, PRD remains an integral part of maternal mortality or maternal deaths in Nigeria in general and Borno state in particular, as evidenced from the records obtained from Umaru Shehu Hospital, Maiduguri (a state hospital in the state capital. The data contains frequency of PRD in months and grouped into gynaecology, ante-natal and post-natal, and labour obtained from mid-2009 to mid - 2017...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898708/-doing-hymen-reconstruction-an-analysis-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-flemish-gynaecologists
#18
Els Leye, Emilomo Ogbe, Maaike Heyerick
BACKGROUND: Hymen reconstruction (HR) involves the restoration of the hymeneal membrane's gross anatomical integrity. Among the medical profession, hymen reconstruction receives particular attention and its necessity is debated because the surgery is not medically indicated, and often reveals conflicting social norms on virginity and marriageability between health professionals and their patients. The focus of this paper is not to address the many open questions that the ethics and politics around HR reveal, but rather aims at contributing to the much-needed empirical evidence...
June 13, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898482/-sonographic-imaging-of-physiological-ovaries-in-the-dog
#19
Theresa Conze, Axel Wehrend
Ultrasonography of the canine ovary is a non-invasive examination procedure, which is an important part of the gynaecological examination. For the correct visualisation of the canine ovary, practical experience as well as the correct equipment are important. This article describes the technical requirements, the examination procedure and the appearance of the physiological ovary. The examination can be performed on both a recumbent and standing dog. To find the ovaries, the kidneys can be used as a reference point...
June 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898440/results-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-the-rural-population-of-lucknow-west-india-through-a-camp-approach
#20
Jata S Misra, Anand N Srivastava, Hem P Gupta
OBJECTIVE: Cytological screening was carried out in rural women of Lucknow West, India, through a camp approach to detect cervical cancer in its preinvasive phase and to see whether the primitive living conditions in the villages have any effect on the incidence of precancer and carcinoma of the cervix and the associated predisposing factors of cervical carcinogenesis. STUDY DESIGN: During a span of 4 years (May 2013 to March 2017), a total of 135 camps were organized under the auspice of Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital (Lucknow, India)...
June 13, 2018: Acta Cytologica
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