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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656433/antifibrinolytics-for-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#1
REVIEW
Alison C Bryant-Smith, Anne Lethaby, Cindy Farquhar, Martha Hickey
BACKGROUND: Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is an important physical and social problem for women. Oral treatment for HMB includes antifibrinolytic drugs, which are designed to reduce bleeding by inhibiting clot-dissolving enzymes in the endometrium.Historically, there has been some concern that using the antifibrinolytic tranexamic acid (TXA) for HMB may increase the risk of venous thromboembolic disease. This is an umbrella term for deep venous thrombosis (blood clots in the blood vessels in the legs) and pulmonary emboli (blood clots in the blood vessels in the lungs)...
April 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655581/paternal-understanding-of-menstrual-concerns-in-young-women
#2
Jane E Girling, Samuel Cj Hawthorne, Jennifer L Marino, Abdul G Nur Azurah, Sonia R Grover, Yasmin L Jayasinghe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: No studies have specifically considered paternal understanding of menstruation. This study aimed to establish the degree of understanding of fathers of adolescent girls with menstrual symptoms relative to mothers. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a cross-sectional survey-based study. Adolescent patients attending an outpatient gynaecology clinic for dysmenorrhoea and/or heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and their parents were invited to complete surveys...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651778/cost-consequence-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-hospital-versus-telephone-follow-up-after-treatment-for-endometrial-cancer
#3
Padraig Dixon, Kinta Beaver, Susan Williamson, Chris Sutton, Pierre Martin-Hirsch, William Hollingworth
BACKGROUND: Regular outpatient follow-up programmes are usually offered to patients following treatment for gynaecological and other cancers. Despite the substantial resources involved in providing these programmes, there is evidence that routine follow-up programmes do not affect survival or the likelihood of detecting recurrence and may not meet patient needs. Alternative follow-up modalities may offer the same outcomes at lower cost. We examined the costs of using telephone-based routine follow-up of women treated for endometrial cancer undertaken by specialist gynaecology oncology nurses in comparison to routine hospital-based follow-up...
April 12, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651313/risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women-from-the-point-of-view-of-primary-care-gynecologist
#4
Damir Franic, Ivan Verdenik
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a highly prevalent public health problem with osteoporosis-related fractures that account for high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, prevention strategies and early detection of osteoporosis should be carried out in primary gynaecological care units, so as to substantially reduce the risk of fractures and allow the best treatment option for a particular woman. Methods: From 2002 to 2011, we recruited 2956 women. Of the total number of women, we additionally extrapolated 1274 women aged 60-75 years, assumingly, the group of women at higher risk of osteoporosis...
March 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648645/does-human-endometrial-lgr5-gene-expression-suggest-the-existence-of-another-hormonally-regulated-epithelial-stem-cell-niche
#5
N Tempest, A M Baker, N A Wright, D K Hapangama
STUDY QUESTION: Is human endometrial leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) gene expression limited to the postulated epithelial stem cell niche, stratum basalis glands, and is it hormonally regulated? SUMMARY ANSWER: LGR5 expressing cells are not limited to the postulated stem cell niche but LGR5 expression is hormonally regulated. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The human endometrium is a highly regenerative tissue; however, endometrial epithelial stem cell markers are yet to be confirmed...
April 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643163/effect-of-intratracheal-dexmedetomidine-administration-on-recovery-from-general-anaesthesia-after-gynaecological-laparoscopic-surgery-a-randomised-double-blinded-study
#6
Fei Wang, Haoxiang Zhong, Xiaoyan Xie, Weiping Sha, Caili Li, Zhenping Li, Zhuomei Huang, Chaojin Chen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of intratracheal dexmedetomidine (Dex) injection for the prevention of the laryngeal response on emergence from general anaesthesia following gynaecological laparoscopic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, double-blinded, controlled trial. SETTING: A general hospital, Guangdong Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent elective laparoscopic gynaecological surgery, aged 18-60 years old, 40-80 kg in weight, American Society of Anesthesiologists class I-II were eligible...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627812/role-of-maternal-characteristics-and-epidural-analgesia-on-caesarean-section-rate-in-groups-1-and-3-according-to-robson-s-classification-a-cohort-study-in-an-italian-university-hospital-setting
#7
Stefania Triunfo, Sergio Ferrazzani, Gaetano Draisci, Bruno Antonio Zanfini, Giovanni Scambia, Antonio Lanzone
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of maternal characteristics and epidural analgesia (EA) on caesarean section (CS) rates in selected groups by using the Robson 10-Group Classification System (RTGCS). DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario 'A. Gemelli', Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: A total of 12 098 deliveries in periods I (1998-1999) and II (2010-2011)...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626708/ureteral-injuries-during-different-types-of-hysterecomy-a-7-year-series-at-a-single-university-center
#8
Matija Barbic, Kalina Telenta, Marco Noventa, Mija Blaganje
OBJECTIVES: Accidental ureteral injury with gynaecologic surgery, especially hysterectomy, represents a high risk of patient morbidity. The incidence may vary from centre to centre. As the introduction of new minimally invasive surgical techniques and instruments may have affected the incidence of ureteral injury, we de novo analysed the incidence data for the last seven years. STUDY DESIGN: Incidence of ureteral injury was analysed stratifying the data according to the type of hysterectomy (n = 3071)...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626286/multidetector-ct-of-expected-findings-and-complications-after-hysterectomy
#9
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini
Indicated to manage a variety of disorders affecting the female genital tract, hysterectomy represents the second most common gynaecological operation after caesarean section. Performed via an open, laparoscopic or vaginal approach, hysterectomy is associated with non-negligible morbidity and occasional mortality. Iatrogenic complications represent a growing concern for gynaecologists and may result in prolonged hospitalisation, need for interventional procedures or repeated surgery, renal impairment and malpractice claims...
April 6, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626045/effect-of-emotional-content-on-online-video-sharing-among-health-care-professionals-and-researchers-diffusion-results-and-lessons-learnt-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Junko Kiriya, Phil Edwards, Ian Roberts
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effect of emotional content on the extent to which online videos are shared among health professionals. SETTING: We conducted a two-arm randomised controlled trial. We sent a link to one of two videos by email to participants asking them to watch the video and forward it to their colleagues. PARTICIPANTS: Health professionals and researchers (obstetrics, gynaecology and midwifery) with an email address apart from those in countries where access to YouTube is banned...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623863/-fibronectin-test-in-threatened-preterm-labour-cost-saving-but-not-yet-widely-implemented-in-the-netherlands
#11
T M S van Winden, M M C Bruijn, M A Oudijk, G J van Baaren, A H L C van Kaam, B W J Mol, M Kok
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of national implementation of the foetal fibronectin test in the diagnostics of threatened preterm labour in the Netherlands, and indication of the possible obstacles and consequences of implementation or no implementation. DESIGN: National questionnaire, retrospective cohort study and cost-effectiveness calculation. METHODS: We approached all hospitals in the Netherlands (n = 86) with a questionnaire on use of the fibronectin test...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623148/diclofenac-potassium-in-acute-postoperative-pain-and-dysmenorrhoea-results-from-comprehensive-clinical-trial-reports
#12
REVIEW
R Andrew Moore, Sheena Derry
We compared the efficacy of diclofenac potassium in unpublished clinical study reports (CSRs) and published reports to examine publication bias, industry bias, and comprehensiveness. Novartis provided CSRs of randomised double-blind trials of diclofenac potassium involving postoperative patients following third molar extraction (3 trials, n =519), gynaecological surgery (3 trials, n =679), and dysmenorrhoea (2 trials, n =711) conducted in 1988-1990. Searches identified published reports of 6 trials. Information from 599/1909 patients was not published; trials with 846/1909 patients were published in a defunct journal...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621923/laparoscopic-hysterectomy-for-endometrial-cancer-impact-of-age-on-clinical-outcomes
#13
W W Ee, V Nellore, W McMullen, K Ragupathy
INTRODUCTION: Improvement in preoperative care for the ageing population has resulted in an increasing number of elderly patients to be considered for surgery. With an increased incidence of endometrial cancer, it is inevitable that a significant number of elderly patients are referred for surgery, despite the concerns over co-morbid conditions and diminished cardiopulmonary reserves. AIM: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of laparoscopic hysterectomy for elderly women operated on for endometrial cancer with comparison to younger patients...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611018/the-who-what-why-and-when-of-gynaecological-referrals-for-refugee-women
#14
Sarah L Silverberg, Lacey Harding, Rachel F Spitzer, Meb Rashid
Refugees have health needs relating to unstable living situations and poor access to care. We examined the nature of health problems requiring gynaecological referrals for refugee women in Toronto. A retrospective cohort design was used to examine gynaecologic referrals of women at a refugee clinic between December, 2011 and June, 2016. The primary outcome measure was the indications for gynaecological referral. 125 out of 1040 women received a gynaecologic referral for 131 unique concerns. The most common referrals were for abnormal uterine bleeding and cervical dysplasia...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610616/ovarian-strumal-carcinoid-tumour-case-report
#15
Vesna S Antovska, Milka Trajanova, Iskra Krstevska, Irena Gosheva, Jasmina Chelebieva, Irina Prodanova
BACKGROUND: Ovarian strumal carcinoid is a germ cell tumour characterised by a mixture of thyroid tissue and carcinoid. Ovarian struma is a very rare occurrence with 0.3-1% incidence of all ovarian tumours and 3% of mature teratomas. Primary carcinoid ovarian tumours are still uncommon as a part of mature teratoma or mucinous cystadenoma. There are four major variants of a carcinoid tumour: insular, trabecular, strumal and mucinous. A strumal carcinoid is an unusual form of ovarian teratoma composed of an intimate admixture of thyroid/carcinoid tissues...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610063/association-between-free-thyroid-hormones-values-and-the-lipid-profile-in-middle-aged-women-with-chronic-symptoms
#16
Mirella Guarnizo-Poma, Socorro Paico-Palacios, Betzi Pantoja-Torres, Herbert Lazaro-Alcantara, Diego Urrunaga-Pastor, Vicente A Benites-Zapata
AIMS: To determine the association between the thyroid hormones(FT3, FT4 and TSH) and the lipid profile markers(HDL-c, LDL-c and triglycerides) values in middle-aged women with no metabolic disorders and recurrent chronic symptomatology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out an analytical cross-sectional study in euthyroid women with recurrent chronic symptoms of at least six months with no apparent diagnosis who attended the endocrinological gynaecology outpatient service of a private clinic in Lima-Peru during 2012-2014...
March 27, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609924/medicinal-plants-for-primary-dysmenorrhoea-a-systematic-review
#17
Janice Pellow, Chantelle Nienhuis
OBJECTIVES: Primary dysmenorrhoea is a common complaint experienced by many females in their reproductive years. The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of various gynaecological conditions is on the increase, despite the limited evidence available regarding efficacy and safety of their use. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesise the most recent evidence relating to the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea with medicinal plants. METHODOLOGY: A thorough database search was conducted using defined search terms, and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English between 2008 and 2016, pertaining to the use of medicinal plants (single use) for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea, were assessed...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607332/online-formative-assessments-exploring-their-educational-value
#18
Kavitha Nagandla, Sharifah Sulaiha, Sivalingam Nalliah
Introduction: Online formative assessments (OFA's) have been increasingly recognised in medical education as resources that promote self-directed learning. Formative assessments are used to support the self-directed learning of students. Online formative assessments have been identified to be less time consuming with automated feedback. This pilot study aimed to determine whether participation and performance in online formative assessments (OFA's) had measurable effects on learning and evaluate the students' experience of using the OFA's in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology...
April 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604548/non-ablative-er-yag-laser-therapy-effect-on-stress-urinary-incontinence-related-to-quality-of-life-and-sexual-function-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Mija Blaganje, Darija Šćepanović, Lidija Žgur, Ivan Verdenik, Franja Pajk, Adolf Lukanović
OBJECTIVE: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common complaint in women after childbirth. It affects their quality of life and sexual satisfaction and is one of the major reasons for gynaecological surgery. There is a need for effective non-invasive treatment alternatives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of non-ablative Er:YAG laser therapy in the treatment of SUI and improvement of sexual gratification in parous women. STUDY DESIGN: 114 premenopausal parous women with SUI were randomized in two groups of 57 women; a laser intervention group and sham group...
March 22, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603003/validity-evidence-for-procedural-competency-in-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation-establishing-a-credible-pass-fail-standard-for-the-vaginal-cuff-closure-procedure
#20
Lisette Hvid Hovgaard, Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen, Lars Konge, Torur Dalsgaard, Christian Rifbjerg Larsen
BACKGROUND: The use of robotic surgery for minimally invasive procedures has increased considerably over the last decade. Robotic surgery has potential advantages compared to laparoscopic surgery but also requires new skills. Using virtual reality (VR) simulation to facilitate the acquisition of these new skills could potentially benefit training of robotic surgical skills and also be a crucial step in developing a robotic surgical training curriculum. The study's objective was to establish validity evidence for a simulation-based test for procedural competency for the vaginal cuff closure procedure that can be used in a future simulation-based, mastery learning training curriculum...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
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