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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034546/bradykinin-system-is-involved-in-endometriosis-related-pain-through-endothelin-1-production
#1
O Yoshino, K Yamada-Nomoto, M Kobayashi, T Andoh, M Hongo, Y Ono, A Hasegawa-Idemitsu, A Sakai, Y Osuga, S Saito
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disease exhibiting severe pelvic pain, but the mechanism of pain production remains unknown. Bradykinin (BK) is known as an inflammatory mediator, and shows elevated levels in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. In the present study, we evaluated whether BK is involved in endometriosis-related pain. METHODS: Endometriotic lesions were used for immunohistochemistry. Primary cultures of endometriotic stromal cells (ESC) were stimulated with IL-1β and/or BK...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032066/standardization-of-laparoscopic-operative-reporting-improving-gynaecological-surgeon-communication
#2
Rachel J Pope, Ahmed Y Abdelbadee, Amy J Armstrong, Prakash R Ganesh, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Kristine M Zanotti
OBJECTIVE: No standardization of quality of operative reporting currently exists, and this represents a missed opportunity for communication among health care providers. This study proposed a method to improve operative notes by structuring the findings by six anatomical zones of the pelvis. Objective I was to validate the method of documenting six zones of the pelvis by using intraoperative photography. Objective II was to compare this method with dictations from operative reports created before introducing this method...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032064/laparoscopic-and-robotic-assisted-hysterectomy-for-uterine-leiomyomas-a-comparison-of-complications-and-costs
#3
Tin Yan Tina Ngan, Andrew Zakhari, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Togas Tulandi, Haim Arie Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgery is increasingly being used for treatment of malignant and benign gynaecologic diseases. The purpose of our study is to compare patient perioperative complications and costs of laparoscopic versus robotic-assisted hysterectomy for uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from the United States was conducted, comparing patients who underwent robotic-assisted hysterectomy and laparoscopic hysterectomy (total laparoscopic hysterectomy and laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy) for uterine fibroids between 2008 and 2012...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031864/bloodstream-infections-following-different-types-of-surgery-in-a-finnish-tertiary-care-hospital-2009-2014
#4
Kirsi Skogberg, Keiju S K Kontula, Asko Järvinen, Outi Lyytikäinen
We evaluated the risk and outcome of bloodstream infections (BSIs) following surgery. BSIs were identified in Helsinki University Hospital during 2009-2014 as part of the national surveillance. Of 711 BSIs identified, 51% were secondary and 49% primary. The rate was highest after cardiovascular surgery (8.7/1000 procedures) and lowest after gynaecologic (1.0/1000). Surgical site infection was the most common source of secondary BSIs (34%) and 45% of primary BSIs were central line-associated. The 28-day case fatality ranged from 0% in gynaecology/obstetrics to 21% in cardiovascular surgery...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031311/nurses-perceptions-of-providing-psychosexual-care-for-women-experiencing-gynaecological-cancer
#5
Natalie F Williams, Yvonne L Hauck, Anna M Bosco
PURPOSE: To gain insight into how Western Australian nurses conceptualise the provision of psychosexual care for women undergoing gynaecological cancer treatment and how this aligns with nurses globally. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was chosen to facilitate insight into nurses' perspectives of their reality. Seventeen nurses working at a tertiary women's hospital in Western Australia participated in one-on-one interviews and were asked to describe their perceptions and identify factors that facilitate or challenge psychosexual care provision...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028364/the-effectiveness-of-empowerment-program-on-increasing-self-esteem-learned-resourcefulness-and-coping-ways-in-women-exposed-to-domestic-violence
#6
Emel Bahadir-Yilmaz, Fatma Öz
This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of empowerment program on increasing self-esteem, learned resourcefulness, and coping ways in women exposed to domestic violence. This experimental study was conducted between October 2012 and June 2014 in the obstetrics and gynaecology departments of the Giresun Maternity Hospital, and at the Family Counseling Center (FCC) in Turkey. Sixty women who agreed to participate in the study were randomly assigned into two groups. Data were collected by the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI), The Rosenbaum's Learned Resourcefulness Scale (RLRS), and the Ways of Coping Inventory (WCI)...
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026387/the-effect-of-a-preanaesthesia-clinic-consultation-on-adult-patient-anxiety-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kenya-a-cohort-study
#7
Anthony Kamau, Vitalis Mung'ayi, Gerald Yonga
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety is a common perioperative complication seen in approximately 11-80% of adults undergoing surgery. One of the goals of the preanaesthesia clinic is to allay anxiety. A preanaesthesia clinic evaluation has been shown to reduce anxiety however current studies on anxiety and the preanaesthesia clinic have not quantified this reduction. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reduction in anxiety in patients evaluated in the clinic versus those evaluated in the ward...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025533/negative-%C3%AE-hcg-and-molar-pregnancy-the-hook-effect
#8
Isabel Lobo Antunes, Joana Curado, Ana Quintas, Alcides Pereira
Molar pregnancy, included in gestational trophoblastic disease, is a benign pathology with ability to metastasize, usually occurring with excessively high βhCG levels. Clinical scenario is usually a woman in extremes of reproductive age presenting with amenorrhoea, pain and vaginal blood loss; signs derived from high βhCG levels may be present (hyperthyroidism, hyperemesis). Diagnosis is based on a positive pregnancy test - usually a qualitative urinary test. The limitation of this test results from its inability to become positive in presence of markedly high levels of βhCG, saturating the antigens used - known as the 'hook effect'...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020786/-what-is-the-risk-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-recurrence-after-vaginal-hysterectomy-with-colporrhaphy
#9
M Nováčková, Z Pastor, T Brtnický, R Chmel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of prolapse recurrence in patients after vaginal hysterectomy with colporrhaphy. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Motol University Hospital, Prague. METHODS: The trial involved 220 women who underwent vaginal hysterectomy with anterior and posterior kolporrhaphy at our department for uterine prolapse at least grade 2...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020396/perception-and-use-of-pap-smear-screening-among-rural-and-urban-women-in-romania
#10
Mihaela Grigore, Razvan Popovici, Anda Pristavu, Ana Maria Grigore, Mioara Matei, Dumitru Gafitanu
Background: In 2012 the National Screening Program for all women between 25 and 64 years of age was launched in Romania. Public awareness is an important factor in the success of a screening program. For this reason, we intended to assess the perception and the level of awareness of Romanian women regarding the Pap test in the prevention of cervical cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 454 women from rural and urban areas. For our study, we used a questionnaire covering general characteristics, awareness, knowledge and practices regarding cervical cancer and Pap smear...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018067/post-abortion-care-with-misoprostol-equally-effective-safe-and-accepted-when-administered-by-midwives-compared-to-physicians-a-randomised-controlled-equivalence-trial-in-a-low-resource-setting-in-kenya
#11
Marlene Makenzius, Monica Oguttu, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Theresa M A Odero, Elisabeth Faxelid
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of midwives administering misoprostol to women with incomplete abortion seeking post-abortion care (PAC), compared with physicians. DESIGN: A multicentre randomised controlled equivalence trial. The study was not masked. SETTINGS: Gynaecological departments in two hospitals in a low-resource setting, Kenya. POPULATION: Women (n=1094) with incomplete abortion in the first trimester, seeking PAC between 1 June 2013 to 31 May 2016...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017913/the-use-of-natural-compounds-for-the-targeting-and-chemoprevention-of-ovarian-cancer
#12
Francesca Pistollato, Ruben Calderón Iglesias, Roberto Ruiz, Silvia Aparicio, Jorge Crespo, Luis Dzul Lopez, Francesca Giampieri, Maurizio Battino
Among gynaecological cancers, ovarian cancer represents the leading cause of death in women. Current treatment for ovarian cancer entails surgery followed by combined chemotherapy with platinum and taxane, which are associated, particularly cisplatin, with severe side effects. While this treatment approach appears to be initially effective in a high number of patients, nearly 70% of them suffer a relapse within a few months after initial treatment. Therefore, more effective and better-tolerated treatment options are clearly needed...
October 7, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017363/a-survey-on-the-use-of-topical-steroids-in-patients-treated-for-lichen-sclerosus-associated-vulval-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Rachel Pounds, Sanna Tahir, Christopher Dawson, Ciaran Woodman, David Luesley, Jason Yap
Evidence suggests that lichen sclerosus (LS) is the primary aetiological factor for local vulval recurrence (LVR) in vulval squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC). The long-term application of topical corticosteroids is believed to prevent LVR. Patients treated for LS-associated VSCC at a gynaecological cancer centre were invited to complete a questionnaire to evaluate whether they are receiving corticosteroids. 55 of the 95 eligible patients (58%) completed the questionnaire; LS was treated in 69%, with steroids given to 84...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016589/risk-factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-among-deliveries-at-bharatpur-hospital
#14
Kamal Prasad Kandel, Sindhu Kafle
BACKGROUND: Babies with a birth weight of less than 2500 grams, irrespective of the period of their gestation are termed as Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies. Despite consistent efforts to improve the quality of maternal and child health, more than twenty million low birth-weight (LBW) babies are born every year throughout the world. Though, the health situation of Nepal has improved substantially over the years, the low birth-weight (LBW) rate is still high. The objective of this study was to assess the proportion of low birth weight and identify the associated factors for low birth weight in a live born infant among the institutionally delivered newborns...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994515/role-of-pelvic-ultrasound-simulation
#15
Sushila Arya, Zuber D Mulla, Sanja Kupesic Plavsic
BACKGROUND: Pelvic ultrasound is a critical diagnostic imaging tool in obstetrics and gynaecology. Training opportunities in transvaginal ultrasound have not kept pace with the demand among learners because of the increased complexity of modern ultrasound technology and duty-hour restrictions. Ultrasound simulation training has the potential to overcome this gap. Training opportunities in transvaginal ultrasound have not kept pace with the demand OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to determine the usefulness, applicability and attitudes toward pelvic ultrasound simulation training among residents, sonographers and practising doctors...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991764/hypoglycaemia-in-the-newborn
#16
Orhideja Stomnaroska, Elizabeta Petkovska, Sanja Ivanovska, Snezana Jancevska, Dragan Danilovski
AIM: Severe neonatal hypoglycaemia (HG) leads to neurologic damage, mental retardation, epilepsy, impaired cardiac performance and muscle weakness. The aim was to assess the frequency and severity of HG in a population of newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 739 patients with neonatal hypoglycaemia (HG) (M:F=370:369) born at the University Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetritics in Skopje in the period 2014-2016 and treated at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990723/mri-findings-in-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-a-pictorial-essay
#17
Anitha L Thalluri, Steven Knox, Thi Nguyen
Endometriosis is an important gynaecological disorder which can impact significantly on an individual's quality of life and has major implications on fertility. Deep infiltrating endometriosis is a severe form of endometriosis which can cause obliteration of anatomic compartments. Laparoscopy remains the gold standard for diagnosis of endometriosis, although is an invasive procedure that has the potential to be hindered by obliterative disease. Ultrasound is often employed as the first-line imaging modality when endometriosis is suspected, however, MRI is more accurate in assessment of complex disease...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984277/a-multicentre-audit-of-hdr-pdr-brachytherapy-absolute-dosimetry-in-association-with-the-interlace-trial-nct015662405
#18
Patricia Diez, Edwin G A Aird, Thorsten Sander, Clare A Gouldstone, Peter H G Sharpe, Christopher D Lee, Gerry Lowe, Russell A S Thomas, Tania Simnor, Peter Bownes, A Margaret Bidmead, Laura Gandon, David J Eaton, Antony L Palmer
A UK multicentre audit to evaluate HDR and PDR brachytherapy has been performed using alanine absolute dosimetry. This is the first national UK audit performing an absolute dose measurement at a clinically relevant distance (20 mm) from the source. It was performed in both INTERLACE (a phase III multicentre trial in cervical cancer) and non-INTERLACE brachytherapy centres treating gynaecological tumours. Forty-seven UK centres (including the National Physical Laboratory) were visited. A simulated line source was generated within each centre's treatment planning system and dwell times calculated to deliver 10 Gy at 20 mm from the midpoint of the central dwell (representative of Point A of the Manchester system)...
October 6, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980114/cancer-survivors-social-context-in-the-return-to-work-process-narrative-accounts-of-social-support-and-social-comparison-information
#19
M Armaou, L Schumacher, E A Grunfeld
Purpose Returning to work is a process that is intertwined with the social aspects of one's life, which can influence the way in which that person manages their return to work and also determines the support available to them. This study aimed to explore cancer patients' perceptions of the role of their social context in relation to returning to work following treatment. Methods Twenty-three patients who had received a diagnosis of either urological, breast, gynaecological, or bowel cancer participated in semi-structured interviews examining general perceptions of cancer, work values and perceptions of the potential impact of their cancer diagnosis and treatment on work...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979649/-role-of-abortion-and-ectopic-pregnancies-in-maternal-mortality-rate-at-three-university-hospitals-in-yaound%C3%A3
#20
Danielle Victoire Tiako Kamga, Philip Njotang Nana, Florent Ymele Fouelifack, Jeanne Hortence Fouedjio
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 585.000 women die every year in the world as a result of complications related to pregnancy, delivery, postpartum period and abortion (the latter contributing to 13% of maternal deaths). Ectopic pregnancies are responsible for 10% of maternal mortality in the first quarter of pregnancy. Maternal mortality rate is high in Cameroon, estimated at 782 per 100.000 live births according to EDS-MICS 2011. AS the role of these two conditions in maternal mortality is little documented in our country, we conducted this study to assess the role of abortions and ectopic pregnancies in maternal mortality rate in Cameroon...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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