keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

circumcised

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651696/diversity-of-the-midstream-urine-microbiome-in-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Holly Kramer, Gina Kuffel, Krystal Thomas-White, Alan J Wolfe, Kavitha Vellanki, David J Leehey, Vinod K Bansal, Linda Brubaker, Robert Flanigan, Julia Koval, Anuradha Wadhwa, Michael J Zilliox
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristics of the midstream urine microbiome in adults with stage 3-5 non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 ) and diuretic use were recruited from outpatient nephrology clinics. Midstream voided urine specimens were collected using the clean-catch method. The bacterial composition was determined by sequencing the hypervariable (V4) region of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene...
April 12, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650451/hiv-incidence-in-western-kenya-during-scale-up-of-antiretroviral-therapy-and-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-population-based-cohort-analysis
#2
Martien W Borgdorff, Daniel Kwaro, David Obor, George Otieno, Viviane Kamire, Frederick Odongo, Patrick Owuor, Jacques Muthusi, Lisa A Mills, Rachael Joseph, Mary E Schmitz, Peter W Young, Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez, Kevin M De Cock
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people with HIV infection has increased from 7% in 2006, to 57% in 2016; and, in western Kenya, coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) increased from 45% in 2008, to 72% in 2014. We investigated trends in HIV prevalence and incidence in a high burden area in western Kenya in 2011-16. METHODS: In 2011, 2012, and 2016, population-based surveys were done via a health and demographic surveillance system and home-based counselling and testing in Gem, Siaya County, Kenya, including 28 688, 17 021, and 16 772 individuals aged 15-64 years...
April 9, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642890/physicians-and-nurses-thoughts-and-concerns-about-introducing-neonatal-male-circumcision-in-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#3
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Namtip Srirak, Boonlure Pruenglampoo, Kanittha Thaikla, Jiraporn Suwanteerangkul, Jiraporn Khorana, Vipa Danthamrongkul, Suchada Paileeklee, Uraiwan Pattanasattayavong, Deanna E Grimes, Richard M Grimes
BACKGROUND: Neonatal male circumcision (NMC) is an alternative approach to adult male circumcision for HIV prevention. Recent studies found that NMC was rarely performed in Thailand and that most Thai health professionals did not recognize that NMC could reduce the risk of HIV infection and would not want NMC services in their hospitals. This study explored the thoughts and concerns of Thai government health staff regarding the introduction of NMC in government health facilities as a public health measure...
April 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627177/the-evolutionary-saga-of-circumcision-from-a-religious-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Venkatachalam Raveenthiran
Circumcision is the oldest surgical operation known to mankind. It probably originated as a less radical form of genital mutilation inflicted on prisoners of war. Over time it was adopted by the Egyptian priesthood and nobility, perhaps inspired by the mythology of Osiris. In turn, circumcision became part of the Jewish and Muslim religious cultures. In contrast, ancient Greeks valued an intact prepuce, as evident from the nude figures of Renaissance art. In the 19th century, circumcision was touted as a treatment for excessive masturbation, seizures, epilepsy, and paraplegia...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623700/the-relationship-between-neonatal-circumcision-urinary-tract-infection-and-health
#5
REVIEW
Michael L Eisenberg, Deron Galusha, William A Kennedy, Mark R Cullen
The risk-benefit profile of neonatal circumcision is not clear. Most studies have focused on urinary tract infections but other health sequelae have not been evaluated. While evidence supports benefits of circumcision, a lack of randomized trials has been cited as a weakness. National guidelines provide mixed recommendations regarding neonatal circumcision. We review the weight of evidence and utilize current statistical methodology on observational data to examine the risks and benefits of neonatal circumcision...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623010/male-circumcision-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-an-update-on-randomized-controlled-trials-and-molecular-evidences
#6
EDITORIAL
Zafar Rasheed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620540/reproductive-health-profile-and-circumcision-of-females-in-the-hali-semi-urban-region-saudi-arabia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Waleed Abdullah Milaat, Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Hussain Mohammed Albar
BACKGROUND: Improving the reproductive health of females has be.come the focus of the developmental efforts of many nations. OBJECTIVES: To identify the reproductive health style of married females, and to determine the prevalence and predictors of circumcision among girls aged less than or equal 18 years in Hali semi-urban region. DESIGN: A cross-sectional household survey SETTING: Houses in Hali, Al-Qunfudhah governorate, western Saudi Arabia during 2017...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617781/impact-of-counseling-received-by-adolescents-undergoing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-on-knowledge-and-sexual-intentions
#8
Michelle R Kaufman, Eshan U Patel, Kim H Dam, Zoe R Packman, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: Little is known regarding the impact of counseling delivered during voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services on adolescents' human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge, VMMC knowledge, or post-VMMC preventive sexual intentions. This study assessed the effect of counseling on knowledge and intentions. Methods: Surveys were conducted with 1293 adolescent clients in 3 countries (South Africa, n = 299; Tanzania, n = 498; Zimbabwe, n = 496). Adolescents were assessed on HIV and VMMC knowledge-based items before receiving VMMC preprocedure counseling and at a follow-up survey approximately 10 days postprocedure...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617780/perceived-quality-of-in-service-communication-and-counseling-among-adolescents-undergoing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision
#9
Lynn M Van Lith, Elizabeth C Mallalieu, Eshan U Patel, Kim H Dam, Michelle R Kaufman, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: Experience with providers shapes the quality of adolescent health services, including voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). This study examined the perceived quality of in-service communication and counseling during adolescent VMMC services. Methods: A postprocedure quantitative survey measuring overall satisfaction, comfort, perceived quality of in-service communication and counseling, and perceived quality of facility-level factors was administered across 14 VMMC sites in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617779/parental-communication-engagement-and-support-during-the-adolescent-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-experience
#10
Kim H Dam, Michelle R Kaufman, Eshan U Patel, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is one of few opportunities in sub-Saharan Africa to engage male adolescents in the healthcare system. Limited data are available on the level of parental communication, engagement, and support adolescents receive during the VMMC experience. Methods: We conducted 24 focus group discussions with parents/guardians of adolescents (N = 192) who agreed to be circumcised or were recently circumcised in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617778/scaling-up-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-prevention-for-adolescents-and-young-adult-men-a-modeling-analysis-of-implementation-and-impact-in-selected-countries
#11
Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Marjorie Opuni, Melissa Schnure, Michel Tchuenche, Peter Stegman, Elizabeth Gold, Valerian Kiggundu, Nida Parks, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Maria Carrasco, Katharine Kripke
Background: The new World Health Organization and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS strategic framework for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) aims to increase VMMC coverage among males aged 10-29 years in priority settings to 90% by 2021. We use mathematical modeling to assess the likelihood that selected countries will achieve this objective, given their historical VMMC progress and current implementation options. Methods: We use the Decision Makers' Program Planning Toolkit, version 2, to examine 4 ambitious but feasible scenarios for scaling up VMMC coverage from 2017 through 2021, inclusive in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617777/adolescent-wound-care-self-efficacy-and-practices-after-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-multicountry-assessment
#12
Webster Mavhu, Karin Hatzold, Kim H Dam, Michelle R Kaufman, Eshan U Patel, Lynn M Van Lith, Catherine Kahabuka, Arik V Marcell, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: Adolescent boys (aged 10-19 years) constitute the majority of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) clients in sub-Saharan Africa. They are at higher risk of postoperative infections compared to adults. We explored adolescents' wound-care knowledge, self-efficacy, and practices after VMMC to inform strategies for reducing the risks of infectious complications postoperatively. Methods: Quantitative and qualitative data were collected in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe between June 2015 to September 2016...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617776/counseling-received-by-adolescents-undergoing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-moving-toward-age-equitable-comprehensive-human-immunodeficiency-virus-prevention-measures
#13
Michelle R Kaufman, Eshan U Patel, Kim H Dam, Zoe R Packman, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: The minimum package of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services, as defined by the World Health Organization, includes human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, HIV prevention counseling, screening/treatment for sexually transmitted infections, condom promotion, and the VMMC procedure. The current study aimed to assess whether adolescents received these key elements. Methods: Quantitative surveys were conducted among male adolescents aged 10-19 years (n = 1293) seeking VMMC in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617775/age-differences-in-perceptions-of-and-motivations-for-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-among-adolescents-in-south-africa-tanzania-and-zimbabwe
#14
Eshan U Patel, Michelle R Kaufman, Kim H Dam, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) have set a Fast-Track goal to achieve 90% coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) among boys and men aged 10-29 years in priority settings by 2021. We aimed to identify age-specific facilitators of VMMC uptake among adolescents. Methods: Younger (aged 10-14 years; n = 967) and older (aged 15-19 years; n = 559) male adolescents completed structured interviews about perceptions of and motivations for VMMC before receiving VMMC counseling at 14 service provision sites across South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617774/adolescent-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-high-priority-countries-opportunities-for-improvement
#15
Catherine Lane, Robert C Bailey, Chewe Luo, Nida Parks
Global experts recognize the need to transform conventional models of healthcare to create adolescent responsive health systems. As countries near 80% coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for those aged 15-49 years, prioritization of younger men becomes critical to VMMC sustainability. This special supplement reporting 9 studies focusing on adolescent VMMC programming and services comes at a critical time. Eight articles report how well adolescents are reached with the World Health Organization's minimum package for comprehensive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention in South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania, analyzing motivation, counseling, wound healing, parental involvement, female peer support, quality of in-service communication, and providers' perceptions, and one presents models for achieving high VMMC coverage by 2021...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617773/females-peer-influence-and-support-for-adolescent-males-receiving-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-services
#16
Michelle R Kaufman, Kim H Dam, Kriti Sharma, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Eshan U Patel, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: While female involvement in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been studied among adults, little is known about the influence of adolescent females on their male counterparts. This study explored adolescent females' involvement in VMMC decision making and the postoperative wound healing process in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. Methods: Across 3 countries, 12 focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 90 adolescent females (aged 16-19 years)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617772/providers-perceptions-and-training-needs-for-counseling-adolescents-undergoing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision
#17
Aaron A R Tobian, Kim H Dam, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Eshan U Patel, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Michelle R Kaufman
Background: The majority of individuals who seek voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services in sub-Saharan Africa are adolescents (ages 10-19 years). However, adolescents who obtain VMMC services report receiving little information on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and care. In this study, we assessed the perceptions of VMMC facility managers and providers about current training content and their perspectives on age-appropriate adolescent counseling. Methods: Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with 33 VMMC providers in Tanzania (n = 12), South Africa (n = 9), and Zimbabwe (n = 12) and with 4 key informant facility managers in each country (total 12)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616499/incidence-of-complications-following-thermocautery-assisted-circumcisions
#18
Ahmet Ali Tuncer, Mutlu Deger
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the short- and long-term complications of thermocautery-assisted circumcisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1780 children who consecutively underwent thermocautery-assisted circumcisions from  May 2014 to May 2016 in Yuksekova State Hospital in Turkey were included in this study. Thesechildren were classified into perioperative, early postoperative, and long-term complication groups. In addition, the age groups were compared in terms of complications...
April 4, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594086/the-megameatus-intact-prepuce-variant-of-hypospadias-use-of-the-inframeatal-vascularized-flap-for-surgical-correction
#19
Marc Cendron
Introduction: The megameatus intact prepuce (MIP) variant of hypospadias is a rare variant of hypospadias that is diagnosed either early at the time of circumcision or later as the foreskin is retracted. The true incidence of the anomaly is difficult to determine precisely as some patient never come to medical attention but is felt to under 5% of all cases of hypospadias. The purposes of this study are to review the embryology and clinical findings of MIP and then, in light of a personal experience, present a series of patients evaluated for MIP who were treated with a modification of the Mathieu technique...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579082/prepex-circumcision-surveillance-adverse-events-and-analgesia-for-device-removal
#20
Limakatso Lebina, Minja Milovanovic, Kennedy Otwombe, Pattamukkil Abraham, Mmatsie Manentsa, Susan Nzenze, Neil Martinson
BACKGROUND: The PrePex medical male circumcision (MMC) device is relatively easy to place and remove with some training. PrePex has been evaluated in several countries to assess feasibility and acceptability. However, several studies have reported pain associated with removal. OBJECTIVE: To assess safety of PrePex and whether analgesia administered prior to removal reduces pain experienced by participants. METHODS: A multi-site non-randomized, prospective cohort study in which adult (18-45 years old) males requesting PrePex device male circumcision, were enrolled in six South African clinics from July 2014 to March 2015...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
45585
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"