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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208951/acquired-clitoromegaly-a-gynaecological-problem-or-an-obstetric-complication
#1
Mamta Gupta, Vandana Saini, Anju Poddar, Supriya Kumari, Ashesh Maitra
Acquired non-hormonal clitoromegaly is a rare condition and is due to benign or malignant tumours and sometimes idiopathic. Few cases of clitoral abscesses have been reported after female circumcision. We hereby report a case of clitoral abscess causing acquired clitoromegaly following an obstetrical surgery.
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196085/what-device-would-be-best-for-early-infant-male-circumcision-in-east-and-southern-africa-provider-experiences-and-opinions-with-three-different-devices-in-kenya
#2
Robert C Bailey, Irene Nyaboke, Fredrick O Otieno
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces risk of HIV acquisition in heterosexual men by approximately 60%. As some countries approach targets for proportions of adolescents and adults circumcised, some are considering early infant male circumcision (EIMC) as a means to achieve sustainability of VMMC for long term reduction of HIV incidence. Evaluations of specialized devices for EIMC are important to provide programs with information required to make informed decisions about how to design safe, effective EIMC programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194416/reported-male-circumcision-practices-in-a-muslim-majority-setting
#3
Abdul Wahid Anwer, Lubna Samad, Sundus Iftikhar, Naila Baig-Ansari
Introduction. Male circumcision is a recommended practice in Muslim tradition. It is important to ensure that this procedure is performed as safely as possible in these communities. Methods. Five hundred adult men and women with at least one male child less than 18 years were interviewed in Karachi, Pakistan, regarding details of their child's circumcision. The survey focused on actual and perceived delays in circumcision and perceptions about appropriate age and reasons and benefits and complications of the procedure...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187741/virility-pleasure-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-a-qualitative-study-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-medicalized-defibulation-among-somali-and-sudanese-migrants-in-norway
#4
R Elise B Johansen
BACKGROUND: The most pervasive form of female genital mutilation/cutting-infibulation-involves the almost complete closure of the vaginal orifice by cutting and closing the labia to create a skin seal. A small opening remains for the passage of urine and menstrual blood. This physical closure has to be re-opened-defibulated-later in life. When they marry, a partial opening is made to enable sexual intercourse. The husband commonly uses his penis to create this opening. In some settings, a circumciser or traditional midwife opens the infibulated scar with a knife or razor blade...
February 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178116/genital-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-indian-hiv-seropositive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
Anantharam Raghavendran, Alexandra L Hernandez, Shelly Lensing, Manu Gnanamony, Rajiv Karthik, Murgesan Sivasubramanian, Rajesh Kannangai, Priya Abraham, Dilip Mathai, Joel M Palefsky
BACKGROUND: The incidence of penile cancer in Indian men is high. Little is known about genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in Indian HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men (MSM), a population that may be at particularly high risk for genital HPV infection and, potentially, penile cancer. In this study, we assessed the prevalence and risk factors for genital HPV infection in this population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred HIV-seropositive MSM were recruited from 2 clinical sites in India...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161837/autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-in-chronic-penile-lichen-sclerosus-the-impact-on-tissue-repair-and-patient-quality-of-life
#6
Francesco Casabona, Ilaria Gambelli, Federica Casabona, Pierluigi Santi, Gregorio Santori, Ilaria Baldelli
PURPOSE: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that frequently involves the anogenital region. Ongoing research is focused on finding more effective treatments for tissue repair and reducing symptoms. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) local injections in penile LS. METHODS: Forty-five male patients affected by penile LS underwent injections of autologous PRP in the affected skin areas. Age at diagnosis and at first treatment, number of treatments, clinical conditions (phimosis, splitting, inflammation, synechiae, meatus stenosis), symptoms (pain, burning, itching), and functional impairment were considered...
February 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161405/neo-yoke-repair-for-severe-hypospadias-a-simple-modification-for-better-outcome
#7
Hamed M Seleim, Hani Morsi, Mohamed M Elbarbary
BACKGROUND: Although staged repair for reconstructing severe hypospadias is more popular, various one-stage repairs have been attempted. Koyanagi repair (parameatal-based and fully extended circumferential foreskin flap urethroplasty) has enabled correction of severe hypospadias in one stage. However, its un-acceptably high incidence of complications has initiated a series of technical modifications, including the "yoke" repair. OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyze the outcome of a proposed modification of the originally described yoke repair, for patients with severe hypospadias...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159126/-i-have-made-children-so-what-s-the-problem-retrospective-self-circumcision-and-the-sexual-and-urological-health-needs-of-some-somali-men-in-sweden
#8
Pauline Binder-Finnema, Asha Omar Mahmud, Sara Johnsdotter, Birgitta Essén
Unskilled traditional healers are widely blamed for complications to male circumcision performed in low- and middle-income settings. However, attributions of culpability are mostly anecdotal. We identify self-circumcision in adults that was performed during adolescence, hereby termed retrospective self-circumcision, and unexpectedly discovered during interviews with Somali men in Sweden in 2010. This study explores the phenomenon with the aim to increase our understanding about the health needs of this group...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143525/designing-an-optimal-hiv-programme-for-south-africa-does-the-optimal-package-change-when-diminishing-returns-are-considered
#9
Calvin Chiu, Leigh F Johnson, Lise Jamieson, Bruce A Larson, Gesine Meyer-Rath
BACKGROUND: South Africa has a large domestically funded HIV programme with highly saturated coverage levels for most prevention and treatment interventions. To further optimise its allocative efficiency, we designed a novel optimisation method and examined whether the optimal package of interventions changes when interaction and non-linear scale-up effects are incorporated into cost-effectiveness analysis. METHODS: The conventional league table method in cost-effectiveness analysis relies on the assumption of independence between interventions...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138164/comparison-of-preventive-analgesia-techniques-in-circumcision-cases-dorsal-penile-nerve-block-caudal-block-or-subcutaneous-morphine
#10
Ebru Canakci, Ozgur Yagan, Nilay Tas, Tugce Mutlu, Abdullah Cirakoglu, Erdal Benli
OBJECTIVE: To compare 3 different techniques of preventive analgesia before circumcision operations in male children between 6-12 years of age. Our objective was to investigate the duration and quality of postoperative analgesia in patients, who were subject to caudal block technique, dorsal penile nerve block or who were administered subcutaneous morphine. METHODS: The prospective, randomised, single-blind study was conducted at Ordu University Training and Research Hospital, Ordu, Turkey, from January 1 to June 30, 2015, and comprised boys aged 6-12 years, who were scheduled to undergo circumcision operation...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133698/non-therapeutic-infant-male-circumcision-evidence-ethics-and-international-law-perspective
#11
Alamin Berhanu, Abdullah Alkhenizan
[No Avaliable Abstract].
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132413/immunotolerant-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-increases-in-condyloma-acuminata
#12
Z Xie, M Zhang, W Xiong, H Y Wan, X C Zhao, T Xie, H Lei, Z C Lin, D S Luo, X L Liang, Y H Chen
BACKGROUND: The tryptophan-depleting enzyme indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is critical for the regulation of immune tolerance and plays an important role in immune-associated skin diseases. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the level of IDO in condyloma acuminata (CA) and its role in this condition. METHODS: IDO expression was assessed in the skin and peripheral blood of healthy subjects and patients with CA. To assess the role of skin IDO in immunity, the ability of isolated epidermal cells to metabolize tryptophan and the influence on polyclonal T cell mitogen (PHA)-stimulated T cell proliferation were explored...
January 29, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132009/challenges-in-data-quality-the-influence-of-data-quality-assessments-on-data-availability-and-completeness-in-a-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-programme-in-zimbabwe
#13
Y Xiao, A F Bochner, B Makunike, M Holec, S Xaba, M Tshimanga, V Chitimbire, S Barnhart, C Feldacker
OBJECTIVES: To assess availability and completeness of data collected before and after a data quality audit (DQA) in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) sites in Zimbabwe to determine the effect of this process on data quality. SETTING: 4 of 10 VMMC sites in Zimbabwe that received a DQA in February, 2015 selected by convenience sampling. PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective reviews of all client intake forms (CIFs) from November, 2014 and May, 2015...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130505/a-national-evaluation-using-standardised-patient-actors-to-assess-sti-services-in-public-sector-clinical-sentinel-surveillance-facilities-in-south-africa
#14
Pamela K Kohler, Eva Marumo, Suzanne L Jed, Gladys Mema, Sean Galagan, Kenneth Tapia, Erushka Pillay, Julia DeKadt, Evasen Naidoo, Julia C Dombrowski, King K Holmes
OBJECTIVES: Quality concerns in STI service delivery and missed opportunities for integration with HIV testing and prevention services in South Africa have been well documented. This national evaluation aimed to evaluate current utilisation and adherence to national STI guidelines, including partner notification and integration with HIV services, for diagnosis and management of STIs. METHODS: Facility surveys assessed infrastructure and resource availability, and standardised patient (SP) assessments evaluated quality of STI care in 50 public clinics in nine provinces in South Africa...
January 27, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124520/should-routine-neonatal-circumcision-be-a-policy-to-prevent-penile-cancer-opinion-no
#15
EDITORIAL
Dominic H Tang, Philippe E Spiess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124519/should-routine-neonatal-circumcision-be-a-police-to-prevent-penile-cancer-opinion-yes
#16
EDITORIAL
Antonio Augusto Ornellas, Paulo Ornellas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121914/obtaining-a-male-circumcision-prevalence-rate-of-80-among-adults-in-a-short-time-an-observational-prospective-intervention-study-in-the-orange-farm-township-of-south-africa
#17
Esaie Marshall, Reathe Rain-Taljaard, Motlalepule Tsepe, Cornelius Monkwe, Dirk Taljaard, Florence Hlatswayo, Dumazile Xaba, Tebogo Molomo, Pascale Lissouba, Adrian Puren, Bertran Auvert
World Health Organization recommends a target for the male circumcision prevalence rate of 80%. This rate will have a substantial impact on the human immunodeficiency virus-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic in Eastern and Southern Africa. The objective of the study was to assess whether an innovative intervention can lead to an increased voluntary male medical circumcision (VMMC) uptake among adults in a short time. This prospective observational study of a demand generation intervention was conducted in the township of Orange Farm (South Africa) in August to November 2015...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118387/could-circumcision-of-hiv-positive-males-benefit-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-programs-in-africa-mathematical-modeling-analysis
#18
Susanne F Awad, Sema K Sgaier, Fiona K Lau, Yousra A Mohamoud, Bushimbwa C Tambatamba, Katharine E Kripke, Anne G Thomas, Naomi Bock, Jason B Reed, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological and programmatic implications of inclusivity of HIV-positive males in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) programs are uncertain. We modeled these implications using Zambia as an illustrative example. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used the Age-Structured Mathematical (ASM) model to evaluate, over an intermediate horizon (2010-2025), the effectiveness (number of VMMCs needed to avert one HIV infection) of VMMC scale-up scenarios with varying proportions of HIV-positive males...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114944/the-use-of-multi-criteria-decision-making-models-in-evaluating-anesthesia-method-options-in-circumcision-surgery
#19
Gulsah Hancerliogullari, Kadir Oymen Hancerliogullari, Emrah Koksalmis
BACKGROUND: Determining the most suitable anesthesia method for circumcision surgery plays a fundamental role in pediatric surgery. This study is aimed to present pediatric surgeons' perspective on the relative importance of the criteria for selecting anesthesia method for circumcision surgery by utilizing the multi-criteria decision making methods. METHODS: Fuzzy set theory offers a useful tool for transforming linguistic terms into numerical assessments. Since the evaluation of anesthesia methods requires linguistic terms, we utilize the fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and fuzzy Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)...
January 23, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112083/missed-opportunities-for-circumcising-boys
#20
P Millard, N Goldstuck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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