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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723479/infectious-complications-of-circumcision-and-their-prevention
#1
REVIEW
Itzhak Brook
CONTEXT: A growing body of evidence supports the health benefits of circumcision, but the occurrence of infectious complications is of concern. OBJECTIVE: To review literature presenting past data and studies of infectious complications of circumcision and their prevention. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search was conducted of the Cochrane Library, Embase, Turning Research into Practice, PubMed, and Medline databases from their inception through June 25, 2015...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718498/assessing-hiv-acquisition-risks-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-of-america
#2
Ram K Shrestha, Stephanie L Sansom, David W Purcell
Men who have sex with men (MSM) can reduce their risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by using various prevention strategies and by understanding the effectiveness of each option over the short- and long-term. Strategies examined were: circumcision; insertive anal sex only; consistent, 100% self-reported condom use; and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP efficacy was based on three levels of adherence. The cumulative HIV acquisition risk among MSM over periods of 1 year and 10 years were estimated with and without single and combinations of prevention strategies...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715157/use-of-the-shangring-circumcision-device-in-boys-below-18-years-old-in-kenya-results-from-a-pilot-study
#3
Quentin D Awori, Richard K Lee, Phillip S Li, Jared N Moguche, Dan Ouma, Betsy Sambai, Marc Goldstein, Mark A Barone
INTRODUCTION: Male circumcision is a proven prevention strategy against the spread of HIV. The World Health Organization's new 2016-2021 strategic framework on voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) targets 90% of males aged 10-29 years to receive circumcision by 2021 in 14 priority sub-Saharan countries while anticipating an increase in the demand for infant circumcision. It also states that the use of circumcision devices is a safe and efficient innovation to accelerate attainment of these goals...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714633/-ritual-circumcision-a-society-challenge
#4
Bernard Genin
Male circumcision is one of the most common surgical procedure in the world. At the world level, 30 % of the men are circumcised. The reasons of circumcisions are ritual for 97 %. The medical circumcisions represent less than 3 %. The non-medical circumcision made in the childhood became, these last years, a highly polemical subject entailing deep passionate debates within our societies both on the political and medical point. Our society is in constant changes with the apparition of an undeniable multiculturalism because of the immigrations...
February 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712347/cultural-competence-a-framework-for-promoting-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-among-varemba-communities-in-zimbabwe
#5
Kemist Shumba, Musara Lubombo
Almost a decade after the formal introduction of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as an important technology for HIV prevention, its implementation is still fraught with acceptability challenges. This is especially true among ethnic groups where male circumcision is conducted as a rite of passage into adulthood. In this article we question why VMMC is being met with resistance despite widespread awareness of its promise to reduce HIV incidence in a culturally circumcising community in Zimbabwe. In-depth and key informant interviews were conducted with selected VaRemba initiation graduates and surgeons respectively in Mposi area in Mberengwa to explore why VMMC has not been readily accepted in their community...
July 17, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710643/-vesicoureteral-reflux-watchful-waiting-surgery-or-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#6
REVIEW
A Schröder
Primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a dynamic disease with several factors influencing its course. Therapeutic options range from watchful waiting to open surgery. Multiple risk factors for the development of pyelonephritis are identified, which then determine the decision for the appropriate treatment option. They include age, gender, history of pyelonephritis and renal scarring, bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD), circumcision status and parental preference. The use of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) is becoming increasingly controversial with antibiotic resistance being a major concern...
July 14, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691236/response-to-vogelstein-how-the-2012-aap-task-force-on-circumcision-went-wrong
#7
Robert S Van Howe
Vogelstein cautions medical organizations against jumping into the fray of controversial issues, yet proffers the 2012 American Academy of Pediatrics' Task Force policy position on infant male circumcision as 'an appropriate use of position-statements.' Only a scratch below the surface of this policy statement uncovers the Task Force's failure to consider Vogelstein's many caveats. The Task Force supported the cultural practice by putting undeserved emphasis on questionable scientific data, while ignoring or underplaying the importance of valid contrary scientific data...
July 9, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688094/risk-compensation-following-medical-male-circumcision-results-from-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-young-school-going-men-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#8
K Govender, G George, S Beckett, C Montague, J Frohlich
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess risk compensation following voluntary medical male circumcision of young school-going men. Risk compensation is defined as an inadvertent increase in sexual risk behaviors and a corresponding decrease in self-perceived risk for contracting HIV following the application of a risk reduction technology. METHODS: This study documented the sexual practices of circumcised (n = 485) and uncircumcised (n = 496) young men in 42 secondary schools at three time points (baseline and 6 and 12 months) in a sub-district of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685824/intraoperative-music-application-in-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#9
P K Buehler, N Spielmann, S Buehrer, A R Schmidt, M Weiss, A Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization, surgery and anaesthesia may lead to new-onset maladaptive behaviour, emotional distress and trauma. This pilot study aims to investigate the influence of intraoperatively applied music on post-operative behaviour in children and adolescents. METHODS: Children with an ASA physical state classification of I or II, aged from 4 to 16 years and scheduled for elective circumcision or inguinal hernia repair under combined general and caudal anaesthesia were included...
July 6, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683018/the-effectiveness-of-health-education-on-maternal-anxiety-circumcision-knowledge-and-nursing-hours-a-quasi-experimental-study
#10
Shu-Fang Chang, Chich-Hsiu Hung, Yu-Yun Hsu, Yi Liu, Tsu-Nai Wang
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that providing health education before surgery may significantly increase health knowledge and decrease anxiety in both patients and their family members. However, few studies have compared the effects on pediatric outpatient surgery outcomes of different health education instruction modes. PURPOSE: This study compares the effects of two health education delivery modes on maternal knowledge and anxiety, the number of unexpected early hospital follow-up visits, and the time spent by nurses on health education...
August 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672929/evaluation-of-clinical-curative-effects-of-disposable-stitching-instrument-in-redundant-prepuce-patients
#11
Haitao Wang, Ningjie Chen, Ran Huo, Jincun Yang, Xia Li, Nan Xing
The present study aimed to investigate the clinical curative effect of disposable stitching instrument operation in patients with redundant prepuce or phimosis. A total of 102 cases of patients with circumcision were randomly selected (from June 2013 to December 2014) from the department of plastic and aesthetic surgery of our hospital and were randomly divided into control and observation groups (n=51). Patients in the control group were treated by traditional circumcision operation, while patients in the observation group were treated by novel disposable circumcision stitching instrument...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669217/risky-sexual-behaviors-among-malay-adolescents-a-comparison-with-chinese-adolescents-in-singapore
#12
Junice Y S Ng, Mee-Lian Wong
OBJECTIVE: Malays, with majority of the individuals being Muslim, form the largest ethnic group in Southeast Asia. This region is experiencing a rising incidence of HIV infections. Due to circumcision and prohibition of sex outside marriage, being Muslim was argued to be a protective factor against sexually transmitted infections (STI) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). However, Malay adolescents were found to be more likely to contract chlamydia and gonorrhea than non-Malay adolescents in Singapore...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665881/voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-among-adolescents-a-missed-opportunity-for-hiv-behavioral-interventions
#13
Michelle R Kaufman, Kim H Dam, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Arik V Marcell, Eshan U Patel, Maria Elena Figueroa, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert-Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
OBJECTIVE: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is one of the first opportunities for adolescent males in African countries to interact with the healthcare system. This study explored the approaches used during adolescent VMMC counseling and whether these strategies maximize broader HIV prevention opportunities. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 92 VMMC clients ages 10-19 years in South Africa (n = 36), Tanzania (n = 36), and Zimbabwe (n = 20) and 33 VMMC providers across the three countries...
July 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665880/community-intervention-improves-knowledge-of-hiv-status-of-adolescents-in-zambia-findings-from-hptn-071-popart-for-youth-study
#14
Kwame Shanaube, Ab Schaap, Mwate Joseph Chaila, Sian Floyd, Constance Mackworth-Young, Graeme Hoddinott, Richard Hayes, Sarah Fidler, Helen Ayles
OBJECTIVE: To determine the uptake of home-based HIV counselling and testing (HCT) in four communities of the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial in Zambia among adolescents aged 15-19 years and explore factors associated with HCT uptake. DESIGN: The PopART for youth study is a three-arm community-randomized trial in 12 communities in Zambia and nine communities in South Africa which aims to evaluate the acceptability and uptake of a HIV prevention package, including universal HIV testing and treatment, among young people...
July 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654449/neonatal-male-circumcision-still-a-controversy
#15
Judy A Beal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653427/circumcision-does-not-have-effect-on-premature-ejaculation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Y Yang, X Wang, Y Bai, P Han
We attempted to evaluate whether circumcision has an effect on premature ejaculation. We searched three databases: PubMed, EMBASE and Google scholar on 1 May 2016 for eligible studies that referred to male sexual function after circumcision. No language restrictions were imposed. The Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5.2 software was employed for data analysis, and the fixed or the random-effect model was selected depending on the heterogeneity. Twelve studies were included in the meta-analysis, containing a total of 10019 circumcised and 11570 uncircumcised men...
June 27, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648967/glans-necrosis-following-penile-prosthesis-implantation-prevention-and-treatment-suggestions
#17
Steven K Wilson, Cesar Mora-Estaves, Paulo Egydio, David Ralph, Mohamad Habous, Christopher Love, Ahmad Shamsodini, Robert Valenzuela, Faysal A Yafi
OBJECTIVE: To examine possible etiology and treatment outcomes in 21 patients with glans necrosis following penile prosthesis implantation. METHODS: Glans necrosis typically presented with a dusky glans on first post-operative day following prosthesis implantation. RESULTS: The blood supply to the glans penis consists of the dorsal arteries and the terminal branches of the spongiosal arteries. Using this cohort, we compiled pre-operative comorbidities and adjunctive surgical maneuvers that might compromise glans vascularity leading to glans necrosis...
June 22, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641056/the-odd-couple-using-biomedical-and-intersectional-approaches-to-address-health-inequities
#18
Olena Hankivsky, Lesley Doyal, Gillian Einstein, Ursula Kelly, Janet Shim, Lynn Weber, Robin Repta
BACKGROUND: Better understanding and addressing health inequities is a growing global priority. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we contribute to the literature examining complex relationships between biological and social dimensions in the field of health inequalities. Specifically, we explore the potential of intersectionality to advance current approaches to socio-biological entwinements. DESIGN: We provide a brief overview of current approaches to combining both biological and social factors in a single study, and then investigate the contributions of an intersectional framework to such work...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641026/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-female-genital-cutting-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-nigeria
#19
T O Ojo, M Y Ijadunola
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC) among women of reproductive age in Nigeria and identify the sociodemographic factors associated with the practice. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was carried out in 38,948 women of reproductive age (15-49 years). RESULTS: The prevalence of FGC among respondents was almost 25%, most of whom (82%) had undergone the procedure when they were under 5 years of age...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639539/foreskin-and-the-molecular-politics-of-risk
#20
Aaron T Norton
In this paper, I examine disputes over recent claims that male circumcision reduces HIV risk to suggest a complicated relationship between risk individualization and categorization. Whereas randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted in sub-Saharan Africa appear to have provided key evidence for the World Health Organization's endorsement of male circumcision as an HIV prevention strategy, RCTs alone did not provide evidence for the underlying causal mechanism. For that, medical authorities have turned to histo-immunological studies of the foreskin's biomolecular vulnerability to HIV, thus molecularizing risk...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
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