keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bursa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549196/effects-of-enterococcus-faecium-slb-120-on-growth-performance-blood-parameters-relative-organ-weight-breast-muscle-meat-quality-excreta-microbiota-shedding-and-noxious-gas-emission-in-broilers
#1
R X Lan, S I Lee, I H Kim
This 5-week study was conducted to determine the effects of Enterococcus faecium (SLB 120) on growth performance, blood parameters, relative organ weight, breast muscle meat quality, excreta microbiota shedding, and noxious gas emission in broilers. A total of 816 one-day-old male broilers were allocated to 4 groups with 12 replications (17 broilers/pen) according to body weight (43.2 ± 0.32 g). Dietary treatment groups were: (1) CON, basal diet, (2) T1, CON + 0.05% E. faecium, (3) T2, CON + 0.10% E. faecium, (4) T3, CON + 0...
May 26, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547997/effect-of-purine-nucleosides-on-growth-performance-gut-morphology-digestive-enzymes-serum-profile-and-immune-response-in-broiler-chickens
#2
A Daneshmand, H Kermanshahi, M Danesh Mesgaran, A J King, S A Ibrahim
1. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of purine nucleosides on performance, gut morphology, intestinal enzymes and immunity functions in broiler chickens from 0 to 21 d of age. 2. A total of 360 1-d-old male chickens (Cobb 500) were randomly assigned to 4 treatments with 6 replications. Experimental diets consisted of a control without any additives and diets containing 0.1% pure adenosine, 0.1% pure guanosine and 0.1% equal aliquots of pure adenosine and guanosine. Two birds per cage (12 birds per treatment) were killed on d 11 and 21 in order to obtain serum samples for lipid profile, jejunal samples for morphology and mucosal immunity, digestive enzymes for epithelial maturation, and bursa and spleen samples for relative weight of immune organs to live body weight...
May 26, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544969/prior-treatment-with-non-anti-tb-antibiotics-and-the-duration-of-symptoms-have-no-effect-on-diagnostics-of-tuberculous-meningitis
#3
Marcin Paciorek, Andrzej Pihowicz, Dominik Bursa, Joanna Schöntaler Humięcka, Justyna D Kowalska, Mateusz Antosiewicz, Magda E Thompson, Agata Skrzat-Wojdacz, Agnieszka Bednarska, Andrzej Horban
PURPOSE: Our objective was to investigate whether diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) with microbiological and molecular analysis was affected by prior empirical non anti tuberculosis antibiotics or by duration of symptoms before lumbar puncture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated medical records of patients with TBM confirmed by positive culture, nucleic acid amplification techniques (NAATs) or Ehrlich-Ziehl-Neelsen staining (EZNs) from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or by characteristic results of biochemical analysis of CSF combined with a typical clinical manifestation...
May 22, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533624/relative-and-absolute-reliability-of-ultrasound-measurements-for-the-thickness-of-the-soft-tissue-around-the-shoulder-joint-of-young-normal-subjects
#4
Nobuhisa Ohya, Takumi Yamada, Yoshinao Satoh, Hirobumi Kawamura
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of ultrasound measurements by analyzing the relative reliability and absolute reliability when measuring soft tissue thickness around the shoulder joint. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven healthy young adults (22 shoulders) participated in this study. Thickness of the supraspinatus tendon, subacromial bursa, and biceps tendon was measured on both shoulders. This protocol was performed twice in the same day. The relative reliability of ultrasound measurement was evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient for determining the degree of consistency and agreement between two measures...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528531/diversity-and-distribution-of-ticks-from-domestic-ruminants-in-lebanon
#5
Mayssaa Fawaz Dabaja, Maria Tempesta, Ali Bayan, Gesualdo Vesco, Grazia Greco, Grazia Greco, Alessandra Torina, Valeria Blanda, Francesco La Russa, Salvatore Scimeca, Rossella Lelli, Mohamad Ezzedine, Hussein Mortada, Didier Raoult, Pierre Edouard Fournier, Mohamad Mortada
Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are ectoparasites infesting livestock in every geographic area in the world and they are vectors of several viral, bacterial, and protozoan pathogens to animals and humans worldwide. A deep knowledge of the geographical distribution of these arthropods would have a key role in the control of tick-borne diseases. Few data are available about tick presence in domestic ruminants in Lebanon. The study aimed at providing an analysis of tick presence and distribution in Lebanon. Ticks were collected from cattle, sheep, and goats farms distributed in 6 Lebanese provinces between June and September 2014...
April 11, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526349/in-vivo-evaluation-of-toxicity-and-antiviral-activity-of-polyrhodanine-nanoparticles-by-using-the-chicken-embryo-model
#6
Ahmad Nazaktabar, Mohammad Soleimani Lashkenari, Atefeh Araghi, Mohsen Ghorbani, Hannaneh Golshahi
Evaluation of the potential cytotoxicity of polyrhodanine nanoparticles is an important factor for its biological applications. In current study, for the first time histopathological and biochemical analysis of polyrhodanine besides of its antiviral activity against Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were examined on chicken embryo model. Polyrhodanine was synthesized by the chemical oxidative polymerization method. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523925/genetic-and-pathologic-characteristics-of-infectious-bursal-disease-viruses-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-in-iran-during-2014-2015
#7
H Norouzian, G Farjanikish, H Hosseini
Infectious bursal disease (IBD) virus causes a highly contagious immunosuppressive disease in chickens. A total number of 12 pooled bursal samples were collected during 2014-2015 from broiler farms in different regions of Iran. Typical macroscopical and histopathological lesions of the bursa of Fabricius were found similar to reports by other researchers. A 474-bp part of hypervariable region of VP2 (hvVP2) was sequenced and analyzed. Ten isolates had the characteristic amino acid residues of very virulent IBD (vvIBD) viruses and the other two were identified as attenuated (vaccine) strains...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521530/influence-of-probiotic-supplementation-on-immune-response-in-broilers-raised-under-hot-climate
#8
M M Fathi, T A Ebeid, I Al-Homidan, N K Soliman, O K Abou-Emera
1. The objective of the study was to evaluate the potential effects of dietary probiotic supplementation and stocking density and their interaction on growth performance, humoral and cellular immune responses of broiler chickens raised under hot climate conditions. 2. A total of 1800 1-d-old unsexed broiler chicks (Ross 308) were allocated in a completely randomised 3 × 2 factorial design, with three concentrations of dietary probiotic (0, 200 and 400 mg/kg) containing 4×10(9) cfu/g of Bacillus subtilis and two stocking densities (12 or 18 birds/m(2)) in a total of 6 treatment sub-groups...
May 18, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512376/oscheius-microvilli-n-sp-nematoda-rhabditidae-a-facultatively-pathogenic-nematode-from-chongming-island-china
#9
Guixin Zhou, Huan Yang, Feng Wang, Haoran Bao, Guoxiang Wang, Xianglong Hou, Jian Lin, Gabriel Yedid, Keyun Zhang
A new species, Oscheius microvilli n. sp., was found on Chongming Island (Shanghai, China). The new species is morphologically similar to the type strain of Oscheius myriophilus, but can be distinguished from it and other species of Oscheius on the basis of unique morphological characteristics of the bursa as well as male papillae. In this new species, the male bursal papillar formula is 2, 1, 3, 3 with everted tips in the first, fifth, and seventh pairs. The bursal rim is jagged, joins together anterior to the spicules, and is partially extended and decorated with microvilli...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507957/arthroscopic-synovectomy-in-bilateral-lipoma-arborescens
#10
Paolo Fornaciari, Pascal A Schai, Michael O Kurrer, G Ulrich Exner
INTRODUCTION: Lipoma arborescens (LA) is an uncommon condition that consists of a villous lipomatous proliferation of the synovial membrane. Open synovectomy has been previously selected as a curative treatment option. In recent years, some authors have published good results with arthroscopic interventions. We describe a well-documented case of bilateral LA of the knees treated with staged arthroscopic synovectomy. CASE REPORT: A 48-year-old North American woman without a history of trauma presented with recurrent effusions and mild pain in both knee joints for many years...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495316/effect-of-infectious-bursal-disease-ibd-vaccine-on-salmonella-enteritidis-infected-chickens
#11
Nagah Arafat, Abdelfattah H Eladl, Hebatallah Mahgoub, Reham A El-Shafei
BACKGROUND: Chickens infected with both infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) and Salmonella had higher mortality. In this work, we investigated the effect of IBDV vaccine (modified live-virus bursal disease vaccine, Nobilis strain 228E®) on experimentally infected chickens with Salmonella Enteritidis (SE). METHODS: Four experimental groups were included in this study, negative control group, 228E®group, 228E®+SE infected group, and SE infected group. Chickens were ocularly administrated 228E® at 12days of age and orally infected with S...
May 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490383/erratum-to-chtlr4-pathway-activation-by-astragalus-polysaccharide-in-bursa-of-fabricius
#12
Ruili Zhang, Qun Yu, Guangliang Shi, Rui Liu, Weiqian Zhang, Xia Zhao, Guangxing Li, Ming Ge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486945/transcription-profiles-of-the-responses-of-chicken-bursae-of-fabricius-to-ibdv-in-different-timing-phases
#13
Changbo Ou, Qiuxia Wang, Yanhong Zhang, Weili Kong, Shouping Zhang, Yan Yu, Jinyou Ma, Xingyou Liu, Xianghui Kong
BACKGROUND: Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection causes immunosuppression in chickens and increases their susceptibility to secondary infections. To explore the interaction between host and IBDV, RNA-Seq was applied to analyse the transcriptional profiles of the responses of chickens' bursas of Fabricius in the early stage of IBDV infection. RESULTS: The results displayed that a total of 15546 genes were identified in the chicken bursa libraries. Among the annotated genes, there were 2006 and 4668 differentially expressed genes in the infection group compared with the mock group on day 1 and day 3 post inoculation (1 and 3 dpi), respectively...
May 10, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482898/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-traditional-healers-and-herbalists-for-treatment-of-some-urological-diseases-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#14
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Abdel Naser Zaid, Rowa Al-Ramahi, Malik A Alqub, Fatima Hussein, Zakaria Hamdan, Mahmoud Mustafa, Mohammad Qneibi, Iyad Ali
BACKGROUND: Throughout history, every civilization in the world used plants or their derivatives for treatment or prevention of diseases. In Palestine as in many other countries, herbal medicines are broadly used in the treatment of wide range of diseases including urological diseases. The main objective of this research is to study the use of herbal remedies by herbalists and traditional healers for treatment of various urological diseases in the West Bank regions of Palestine and to assess their efficacy and safety through the literature review of the most cited plants...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481725/intra-rater-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-standardized-ultrasound-protocol-for-assessing-subacromial-structures
#15
Birgitte Hougs Kjær, Karen Ellegaard, Ina Wieland, Susan Warming, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: US-examinations related to shoulder impingement (SI) often vary due to methodological differences, examiner positions, transducers, and recording parameters. Reliable US protocols for examination of different structures related to shoulder impingement are therefore needed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the existing ultrasound (US) examinations of the subacromial space, the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and the supraspinatus tendon...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469243/reconstitution-of-ovarian-function-following-transplantation-of-primordial-germ-cells
#16
Ming Zeng, Xiaoyan Sheng, David L Keefe, Lin Liu
Ovarian aging occurs earlier than somatic aging. We tested the hypothesis that ovarian functions could be artificially reconstructed by transplantation of primordial germ cells (PGCs). We compared various methods for transplantation of PGCs aggregated with gonadal somatic cells and showed that reconstituted ovaries exhibited folliculogenesis after transplantation of PGCs-aggregates into either kidney capsule or ovarian bursa. Neo-oogenesis occurred early after transplantation, as evidenced by the presence of prophase I meiocytes displaying homologous pairing...
May 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464901/chtlr4-pathway-activation-by-astragalus-polysaccharide-in-bursa-of-fabricius
#17
Ruili Zhang, Qun Yu, Guangliang Shi, Rui Liu, Weiqian Zhang, Xia Zhao, Guangxing Li, Ming Ge
BACKGROUND: The Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) pathway involves in the pathogen recognition and defense against infection in mammals. Considering that avian and mammalian TLR are differentially mediated, the action of a natural product on avian TLR4 pathway was unclear. High, medium and low doses of Astragalus polysaccharide (APS), were treated the chicken at 7-days-old age by gavage. The sIgA level in the intestinal fluid, the expression of chTLR4 mRNA/protein in bursa of Fabricius as well as the expression of downstream molecules of chTLR4 (chMyD88, chTRIF, chNF-κB, chIRF3, chIFN-β and chTNF-α) were measured on alternate days...
May 2, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462722/the-regulatory-functions-of-a-new-tetrapeptide-from-the-bursa-of-fabricius-on-aiv-vaccine-immunization-and-antibody-production
#18
Man Man Zong, Chuan Jie Zhou, Yuan Nan Yu, Yang Zheng, Xiu Li Feng, Pu Yan Chen, Mei Yang
The bursa of Fabricius (BF) is the acknowledged humoral central immune organ and plays vital role on B lymphocyte development. In the study, a new tetrapeptide of GERA isolated from BF was named bursal peptide tetrapeptide (BP4). To investigate the immunomodulatory function of BP4 on antigen-specific immune responses, BALB/c mice were immunized with inactivated influence virus (AIV, H9N2 subtype) vaccine and BP4 at three experimental dosages. The results showed that BP4 enhanced the increased AIV-specific antibody and cytokine production, and modified T cell subtype population...
April 25, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461957/pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-of-the-hip
#19
Sylvain Steinmetz, Anne-Laure Rougemont, Robin Peter
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare disease that can affect any joint, bursa or tendon sheath.The hip is less frequently affected than the knee, and hence is less discussed in scientific journals.PVNS of the hip mainly occurs in young adults, requiring early diagnosis and adequate treatment to obtain good results.There is no consensus on the management of PVNS of the hip in current literature.We will discuss the options for surgical intervention in hip PVNS using a literature review of clinical, biological, etiological, histological and radiographic aspects of the disease...
June 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454103/subchronic-arsenism-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-contribute-to-apoptosis-through-mitochondrial-and-death-receptor-dependent-pathways-in-chicken-immune-organs
#20
Hongjing Zhao, Ying He, Siwen Li, Xiao Sun, Yu Wang, Yizhi Shao, Zhijun Hou, Mingwei Xing
In many organ dysfunctions, arsenic and its compounds are well known to induce apoptosis by the mitochondria and death receptor apoptotic pathways in liver and airway. However, it is less reported that which signaling pathways contribute to excessive apoptosis of chicken immune organs, a major target of toxic metals biotransformation, which suffer from subchronic arsenism. In this study, we investigated whether the mitochondria or death receptor apoptotic pathways activated in the immune organs (spleen, thymus and bursa of Fabricius) of one-day-old male Hy-line chickens exposed to arsenic trioxide (As2O3), which were fed on diets supplemented with 0, 0...
April 8, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
45576
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"