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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916263/polyurethane-foam-puf-disk-passive-samplers-derived-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-concentrations-in-the-ambient-air-of-bursa-turkey-spatial-and-temporal-variations-and-health-risk-assessment
#1
Aşkın Birgül, Perihan Binnur Kurt-Karakus, Henry Alegria, Elif Gungormus, Halil Celik, Tugba Cicek, Emine Can Güven
Polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers were employed to assess air concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in background, agricultural, semi-urban, urban and industrial sites in Bursa, Turkey. Samplers were deployed for approximately 2-month periods from February to December 2014 in five sampling campaign. Results showed a clear rural-agricultural-semi-urban-urban-industrial PCBs concentration gradient. Considering all sampling periods, ambient air concentrations of Σ43PCBs ranged from 9.6 to 1240 pg/m(3) at all sites with an average of 24...
December 1, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909671/endoscopic-resection-of-the-tibialis-anterior-tendon-bursa
#2
Tun Hing Lui
The tibialis anterior tendon bursa is located between the tibialis anterior tendon and the medial cuneiform bone and close to the tendon insertion. Bursitis can occur as a result of excessive local friction, infection, arthritides, or direct trauma. Endoscopic resection of the bursa is indicated in case of symptomatic bursitis that is not responding to conservative treatment or infection is suspected. It is contraindicated if there is skin infection at the portal sites. The purpose of this technical note is to describe a minimally invasive approach of endoscopic resection of the tibialis anterior tendon bursa through anterior tibial tendoscopy...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906068/novel-use-of-cranial-epidural-space-in-rabbits-as-an-animal-model-to-investigate-bone-volume-augmentation-potential-of-different-bone-graft-substitutes
#3
Ivan Valdivia-Gandur, Wilfried Engelke, Víctor Beltrán, Eduardo Borie, Ramón Fuentes, María Cristina Manzanares-Céspedes
BACKGROUND: The success of bone augmentation to a major degree depends on the biomechanics and biological conditions of the surrounding tissues. Therefore, an animal model is needed providing anatomical sites with similar mechanical pressures for comparing its influence on different biomaterials for bone regeneration. The present report describes the new bone formation associated to biomaterial in a bursa created in the epidural space, between dura mater and cranial calvaria, under the constant pressure of cerebrospinal fluid...
December 1, 2016: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903091/quantification-of-fitc-labelled-probiotic-lactobacillus-salivarius-dspv-001p-during-gastrointestinal-transit-in-broilers
#4
J E Blajman, D M Astesana, J A Zimmermann, E Rossler, A Romero Scharpen, A P Berisvil, M V Zbrun, L P Soto, M R Rosmini, L S Frizzo
The knowledge related to the fate of probiotics in the complex environment of the intestinal microbiota in broilers is just beginning to be elucidated; however, it is not yet well understood. A good method to investigate the mechanisms by which probiotics mediate their effects is to mark probiotic bacteria and trace them. The aim of this research was to develop a new method to estimate in vivo fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labelled Lactobacillus salivarius DSPV 001P counts during passage through the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of broilers...
December 1, 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902905/pathogenicity-of-genome-reassortant-infectious-bursal-disease-viruses-in-chickens-and-turkeys
#5
Daral J Jackwood, Simone T Stoute, Beate M Crossley
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) contains two genome segments (segment A/segment B) that can reassort among the viruses. Reassortant IBDVs have been identified in several countries including the United States. These reassortant viruses usually include at least one genome segment from a very virulent (vv)IBDV strain. In vivo virulence of six reassortant IBDV from the United States was assessed relative to the virulence of three frequently described IBDV pathotypes: vvIBDV (rB strain), classic virulent (cv)IBDV (STC strain), and subclinical (sc)IBDV (Del-E strain)...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900302/tuberculous-tenosynovitis-presenting-as-finger-drop-a-case-report-and-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Jayadev Chandrasekharan, Senthil Nathan Sambandam, Sreehari Cheriyakara, Varatharaj Mounasamy
BACKGROUND: Isolated tuberculous tenosynovitis and bursitis are rare among musculoske let al tuberculosis, but it is one of the major causes for chronic tendon sheath infection in developing countries. In hand, it is usually presented as a compound palmer ganglion (radio ulnar bursa), tenosynovitis of the flexer tendon sheaths and very few cases of tubercular tenosynovitis affecting the extensor tendons also are reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We are reporting a rare case of tuberculous extensor tenosynovitis with rupture of the extensor digitorum tendon in an elderly Indian man...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894847/pcr-screening-of-tick-borne-agents-in-sensitive-conservation-areas-southeast-portugal
#7
Maria Margarida Santos-Silva, Pedro Melo, Nuno Santos, Sandra Antunes, Luís Raposo Duarte, Joana Ferrolho, Natacha Milhano, Patrícia Tavares Santos, Ana Domingos, Ana Sofia Santos
The Southeast region of Portugal, particularly the Guadiana valley, is currently the reintroduction territory of Lynx pardinus (Iberian lynx), one of the most endangered felids in the world that is only found in the Iberian Peninsula. Over the last century, populations have declined, placing L. pardinus at extremely high risk of extinction in the wild and relying on reintroduction projects. Among the aspects taken into account in the establishment of new populations is the sanitary status of the selected habitats, especially concerning infectious diseases, including tick-borne pathogens (TBPs)...
November 25, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888853/mr-imaging-findings-in-heel-pain
#8
REVIEW
Ching-Di Chang, Jim S Wu
Heel pain is common and due to a variety of osseous and soft tissue disorders. Causes of heel pain can be classified by the anatomic structure in which they arise and include disorders of the (1) Achilles tendon, (2) plantar fascia, (3) calcaneus, (4) bursae, (5) nerves in the hindfoot, (6) and heel pad. Although careful history taking and physical examination are important, imaging plays a vital role in the diagnosis and management of heel pain. MR imaging is the best imaging test to assess pain in the heel...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882035/problem-solving-loneliness-depression-levels-and-associated-factors-in-high-school-adolescents
#9
Ummugulsum Sahin, Filiz Adana
OBJECTIVES: To determine problem solving, loneliness, depression levels and associated factors in high school adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a city west of Turkey (Bursa) in a public high school and the population was 774 and the sampling was 394 students. Students to be included in the study were selected using the multiple sampling method. A personal Information Form with 23 questions, Problem Solving Inventory (PSI), Loneliness Scale (UCLA), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used as data collection tools in the study...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881656/infectious-bursal-disease-virus-activates-c-src-to-promote-%C3%AE-4%C3%AE-1-integrin-dependent-viral-entry-via-modulating-downstream-akt-rhoa-gtpase-actin-rearrangement-cascade
#10
Chengjin Ye, Xinpeng Han, Zhaoli Yu, Enli Zhang, Lijuan Wang, Hebin Liu
: While the entry of IBDV is initiated by the binding of the virus to the two major receptors integrin and HSP90, the signaling events after the receptor binding and how they contribute to the viral entry remain elusive. We show here that IBDV activates c-Src by inducing phosphorylation of the Y416 residue in c-Src both in the DF-1 chicken fibroblasts and in vivo in the bursa of fabricius from SPF chickens. Importantly, the inactivated IBDV fails to stimulate c-Src Y416 phosphorylation, and a very virulent IBDV strain induces much higher level of c-Src Y416 phosphorylation than an attenuated strain...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878513/nanoselenium-supplementation-of-heat-stressed-broilers-effects-on-performance-carcass-characteristics-blood-metabolites-immune-response-antioxidant-status-and-jejunal-morphology
#11
Morteza Safdari-Rostamabad, Seyyed Javad Hosseini-Vashan, Ali Hossein Perai, Hadi Sarir
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary nanoselenium supplementation at 0, 0.6 and 1.2 mg/kg of diet on growth performance, serum biochemical parameters, immune response, antioxidant capacity, and jejunal morphology of 29-d-old male broilers subjected to heat stress at 37 ± 1°C for 14 d. Broilers were fed for 42 d on the experimental diets. The results showed that nanoselenium supplementation had no effect on growth performance, but it supplementation at the rate of 1.2 mg/kg diet decreased the serum concentration of cholesterol prior to the heat exposure...
November 22, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876234/identification-of-a-remodeled-neo-tendon-after-arthroscopic-latarjet-procedure
#12
Daniel Smolen, Philip Went, Dirk Tomala, Christoph Sternberg, Laurent Lafosse, Jan Leuzinger
PURPOSE: To macroscopically, histologically, and radiologically describe a time-dependent remodeling process of a neo-tendon or -ligament in the shoulder after the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. METHODS: During follow-up surgery after the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure, 17 shoulders in 16 patients were evaluated for a remodeled tendon-like structure. The mean overall follow-up period was 27.4 months. The mean time between the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure and revision was 11...
November 18, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876199/comparison-of-homologous-and-heterologous-prime-boost-immunizations-combining-mva-vectored-and-plant-derived-vp2-as-a-strategy-against-ibdv
#13
Matías Richetta, Evangelina Gómez, María Soledad Lucero, Silvina Chimeno Zoth, María José Gravisaco, Gabriela Calamante, Analía Berinstein
Different immunogens such as subunit, DNA or live viral-vectored vaccines against Infectious Bursal Disease virus (IBDV) have been evaluated in the last years. However, the heterologous prime-boost approach using recombinant modified vaccinia Ankara virus (rMVA), which has shown promising results in both mammals and chickens, has not been tried against this pathogen yet. IBD is a highly contagious and immunosuppressive disease of poultry that affects mainly young chicks. It is caused by IBDV, a double-stranded RNA virus carrying its main antigenic epitopes on the capsid protein VP2...
November 18, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872990/blood-supply-of-the-subacromial-bursa-and-rotator-cuff-tendons-on-the-bursal-side
#14
Elle Põldoja, Madis Rahu, Kristo Kask, Imke Weyers, Ivo Kolts
PURPOSE: Vascularity of the subacromial bursa and rotator cuff tendons is key factors in the pathogenesis of subacromial bursitis and impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tendinitis, and rotator cuff tears. The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe blood supply to the cranial and caudal parts of the subacromial bursa and the vascularity of the rotator cuff tendons on the bursal side. METHODS: Fourteen fresh cadaveric shoulders from six females and eight males with a mean age of 71...
November 21, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872955/iliopsoas-bursal-extension-of-lipohemarthrosis-a-novel-imaging-finding-associated-with-hip-fracture
#15
Gregory J Czuczman, Jacob C Mandell, Bharti Khurana
Lipohemarthrosis is well known to be associated with intra-articular fractures throughout the body. Despite the relatively common occurrence of hip fracture and the frequency of communication between the hip joint and iliopsoas bursa, to the best of our knowledge, a fat-fluid level involving the iliopsoas bursa secondary to a hip fracture has not previously been reported. The following is a case report of a 48-year-old male who sustained an acute femoral neck fracture and was found to have distension of the iliopsoas bursa with a fat-fluid level resulting from extra-capsular extension of a lipohemarthrosis...
November 21, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872739/30-years-retrospective-review-of-tuberculosis-cases-in-a-tuberculosis-dispensary-in-bursa-nilufer-turkey-1985-2014-changes-of-epidemics
#16
Kayıhan Pala, Harika Gerçek, Tuncay Aydin Taş, Rukiye Çakir, Sedef Özgüç, Timur Yildiz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological and clinical aspects of patients who applied to the Bursa Nilufer Tuberculosis Dispensary by investigating the trends in epidemics over three decades. METHOD: In this retrospective observational study, the records of all tuberculosis cases (1630 patients) treated in the last 30 years (1985-2014) at the Bursa Nilufer Tuberculosis Dispensary were examined and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Males comprised 65...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868439/-the-treatment-of-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-review
#17
Zsolt Szentkereszty, Klaudia Balog, Lídia Balázs, Adrien Csiszkó
: Walled-off pancreatic necrosis is a late complication of severe acute pancreatitis that generally needs some interventions. The aim of this review is to analyse the indications, technical aspects and limits of these therapeutic options. The development of the walled-off pancreatic necrosis needs 4-6 weeks from the onset of the disease. The necrosectomy is recommended after this time. Endoscopic necrosectomy offers good results if the necrosis is in retrogastric or retroduodenal localisations...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858363/orthotopic-model-of-ovarian-cancer
#18
Alessandra Decio, Raffaella Giavazzi
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the fifth commonest cancer-related cause of female death in the developed world. In spite of current surgical and chemotherapeutic options the vast majority of patients have widely metastatic disease and the survival rate has not much changed over the last years. The anti-angiogenic drugs are driving the field of agents targeting the tumor microenvironment in ovarian cancer. Preclinical models that accurately reproduce the molecular and biological features of ovarian cancer patients are a valuable means of producing reliable data on personalized medicine and predicting the therapeutic response in clinical trials...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852516/changes-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-in-family-medicine-practices-in-the-bursa-region
#19
Olgun Göktaş, Özen Öz Gül, Erdinç Ertürk
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the treatment and monitoring patterns of type 2 diabetes patients in the Bursa region over the last 5 years since the implementation of family practice in Turkey in 2010. METHODS: A total of 216 volunteer family doctors working in family health centers took part in this study. The records of 44,819 diabetic patients who visited these doctors between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014 were inspected retrospectively...
November 13, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843734/pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-of-the-knee-joint-a-case-report
#20
Chirag Kapoor, Maulik Jhaveri, Rishit Soni, Malkesh Shah, Parth Rathi, Paresh Golwala
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare, benign, but potentially locally aggressive and recurrent condition characterized by synovial proliferation and hemosiderin deposition inside the joints, tendon sheaths, and bursae. It usually affects the large joints such as hip, knee, and ankle. We report a case of PVNS of the knee joint in a young female which was treated by subtotal synovectomy alone without the use of adjuvants. At the 14-month follow-up, the patient was pain free and had no signs of disease recurrence...
October 4, 2016: Curēus
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