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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086922/transcriptional-profiles-in-bursal-b-lymphoid-dt40-cells-infected-with-very-virulent-infectious-bursal-disease-virus
#1
Rong Quan, Shanshan Zhu, Li Wei, Jing Wang, Xu Yan, Zixuan Li, Jue Liu
BACKGROUND: Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes a highly contagious, immunosuppressive disease in chickens. The virus mainly infects immature B lymphocytes in the bursa of Fabricius (BF). Chicken B cell line DT40, an avian leukosis virus-induced B cell line, supports very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV) infection in vitro and thereby serves as a good model for investigating the infection and pathogenesis of this virus. However, a transcriptome-wide understanding of the interaction between vvIBDV and B cells has not yet been achieved...
January 13, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079582/landmark-guided-and-ultrasound-guided-approaches-for-trochanteric-bursa-injection-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Alex Mu, Philip Peng, Anne Agur
BACKGROUND: Trochanteric bursa (TB) injection with local anesthetic and corticosteroid is a treatment for patients suffering from greater trochanteric pain syndrome. Both landmark (LM)-guided and ultrasound (US)-guided methods have been used, but their accuracies have not been determined. This study examined the accuracy of these injections with cadaveric dissection. METHODS: Twenty-four hip specimens were randomized to receive TB injections with methylene blue under either LM-guided or US-guided approach...
January 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076692/the-effects-of-ultrasound-guided-corticosteroid-injection-for-the-treatment-of-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#3
Min Cheol Chang
PURPOSE: We attempted to investigate whether ultrasound (US)-guided intraarticular or subacromial bursa corticosteroid injections can potentially influence the severity of depression and anxiety in patients with chronic stroke with hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP). METHODS: Thirty patients with chronic stroke with HSP received US-guided corticosteroid injections. Numeric rating scale (NRS) scores, passive shoulder range of motion (ROM), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores, and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) scores were evaluated before the injection, and one and two months after the injection...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070593/-morphological-investigations-of-deep-sole-ulcers-in-cattle-part-1-the-complicated-rusterholz-ulcer
#4
Susanne Gehringer, Matthias Müller, Johann Maierl
OBJECTIVE: In the context of a larger study on morphological changes of deep sole ulcers, claws with Rusterholz ulcer (RU) were investigated to describe the varied pathological changes of the RU. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hind limbs of 55 cows displaying external signs of complicated sole ulcers were examined externally and internally. To examine the samples internally, a sagittal section was performed. Furthermore, the material was examined histologically and after bone maceration...
January 10, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062989/angiostoma-norvegicum-n-sp-nematoda-angiostomatidae-a-parasite-of-arionid-slugs-in-norway
#5
Jenna L Ross, Solveig Haukeland, Bjørn A Hatteland, Elena S Ivanova
Angiostoma norvegicum n. sp. (Angiostomatidae) is described from the oesophagus, crop and the buccal mass of five species of slugs of the family Arionidae, Arion vulgaris (Moquin-Tandon), Arion ater (L.), Arion fasciatus (Nilsson), Arion fuscus (Müller) and Arion rufus/Arion ater hybrid), collected throughout Norway. Angiostoma norvegicum n. sp. was found parasitising arionids at seven of the 30 sample sites examined (23.3%), and 9.9% of all Arion spp. were infected with this nematode. The new species is characterised by its large size (4...
January 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057477/localized-and-diffuse-forms-of-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor-formerly-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-tendon-sheath-and-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis
#6
REVIEW
F Gouin, T Noailles
Tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TSGCT) is a rare benign tumor arising from joint synovia, bursae and tendon sheaths. Their variable clinical presentation is related to variations in site and progression. Localized forms are most frequent in the hands, and diffuse forms in the knee. MRI is necessary and sometimes sufficient for diagnosis. Treatment strategy is guided by progression, symptomatology, location and diathesis. Optimally complete resection is the principle of first-line treatment. Radiation therapy is effective and targeted therapies are promising; both should especially be considered in case of relapse...
January 2, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045237/safe-approach-to-the-splenic-hilum-by-first-mobilizing-the-pancreatic-tail-in-laparoscopic-splenectomy
#7
Katsunori Sakamoto, Goro Honda, Masanao Kurata, Yuki Homma, Satoshi Shinya, Masahiko Honjo
INTRODUCTION: We employed a safe approach during laparoscopic splenectomy by first mobilizing the pancreatic tail and then dissecting the splenic vessels at the splenic hilum before mobilizing the spleen. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Patients were placed in the lithotomy position, and only the upper body was twisted to the right side. Five trocars were placed. After the bursa omentalis was opened, an avascular layer was identified behind the pancreas. This avascular layer was bluntly dissected, and the pancreatic tail was isolated from the retroperitoneum...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034721/relationship-between-subacromial-bursitis-on-ultrasonography-and-efficacy-of-subacromial-corticosteroid-injection-in-rotator-cuff-disease-a-prospective-comparison-study
#8
Doo-Hyung Lee, Ji Yeon Hong, Michael Young Lee, Kyu-Sung Kwack, Seung-Hyun Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlations between subacromial bursitis (bursal thickening and effusion) on ultrasonography and its response to subacromial corticosteroid injection in rotator cuff disease patients. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal comparison study. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with rotator cuff disease (N=69) were classified into three groups based on ultrasonographic findings; (1) normal bursa group (group 1, n=23): bursa and effusion thickness <1 mm, (2) bursa thickening group (group 2, n=22): bursa thickness >2 mm and effusion thickness <1 mm, (3) bursa effusion group (group 3, n=24): bursa thickness <1 mm and effusion thickness >2 mm...
December 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033656/clinical-anatomy-of-the-subacromial-and-related-shoulder-bursae-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Marion S Kennedy, Helen D Nicholson, Stephanie J Woodley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030985/dna-damage-and-adduct-formation-in-immune-organs-of-developing-chicks-by-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons
#10
Nisha A R, Hazilawati H, M L Mohd Azmi, Noordin M M
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are persistent pollutants and chemically a class of structurally similar chemical compounds characterised by the presence of fused aromatic rings. This research was undertaken to find out immunotoxic effects produced by pyrene, phenanthrene and fluoranthene. These chemicals were injected into developing chicks at 3 dose levels (0.2, 2 and 20mg per kg) through allantioc route to rule out possible mechanisms involved in immunotoxicity. DNA adduct produced by PAHs in immune organs were analysed by DNA adduct ELISA kit and DNA damage was assessed by comet assay...
December 28, 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030350/prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-theileria-equi-and-babesia-caballi-in-jereed-horses-in-erzurum-turkey
#11
Esin Guven, Hamza Avcioglu, Ahmet Deniz, İbrahim Balkaya, Ugur Abay, Şevki Yavuz, Muzaffer Akyüz
Equine piroplasmosis (EP) is a hemoprotozoan tick-borne disease with worldwide distribution that is caused by Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. There are studies reporting the presence of equine piroplasmosis in Turkey but the situation in Erzurum is unknown. The aim of the current study was to determine the situation of equine piroplasmosis in jeered horses in Erzurum. Between April and August 2015, a total of 125 Arabian horse were examined and blood samples were collected. At the time of sampling, animals were also examined for tick infestations and clinical signs...
March 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024457/haemorrhagic-enteritis-of-turkeys-current-knowledge
#12
Kuldeep Dhama, Vasudevan Gowthaman, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ruchi Tiwari, Swati Sachan, M Asok Kumar, M Palanivelu, Yashpal Singh Malik, Raj Kumar Singh, Muhammad Munir
Haemorrhagic enteritis virus (HEV), an adenovirus associated with acute hemorrhagic gastro-intestinal disease of 6-11 weeks old turkeys predominantly hampers both humoral and cellular immunity. Affected birds are more prone to secondary complications (like colibacillosis and clostridiosis) and failure to mount an effective vaccine-induced immune response. HEV belongs to the new genus Siadenovirus. Feco-oral transmission is the main route of entry of the virus and it mainly colonizes bursa, intestine and spleen...
December 27, 2016: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018784/efficient-method-for-transfer-of-microinjected-eggs-to-mouse-ampulla-for-generating-transgenic-mice
#13
Guang Wen, Jing Di, Qian Li, Jianling Chen, Ling Jin, Cheng Wang, Sanqing Xu
BACKGROUND: The new method described here is highly efficient in transferring microinjected mouse eggs (MEs) through the bursa membrane of a surrogate mother mouse to the ampulla of the oviduct without damaging the blood vessels on the bursa membrane. RESULTS: This method causes no loss of blood, and it produces newborn pups/founders from approximately 70% of the transferred MEs, because only a small hole is made on the blood vessel-free area of the bursa membrane and ampulla of the surrogate mother mouse...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011998/can-balneotherapy-improve-the-bowel-motility-in-chronically-constipated-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients
#14
Taner Dandinoglu, Ozgur Dandin, Tuncer Ergin, Deniz Tihan, Yasam Kemal Akpak, Oguz Ugur Aydın, Uygar Teomete
Balneotherapy or spa therapy is usually known for different application forms of medicinal waters and its effects on the human body. Our purpose is to demonstrate the effect of balneotherapy on gastrointestinal motility. A total of 35 patients who were treated for osteoarthritis with balneotherapy from November 2013 through March 2015 at our hospital had a consultation at the general surgery for constipation and defecation disorders. Patients followed by constipation scores, short-form health survey (SF-12), and a colonic transit time (CTT) study before and after balneotherapy were included in this study, and the data of the patients were analyzed retrospectively...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008592/chitooligosaccharide-promotes-immune-organ-development-in-broiler-chickens-and-reduces-serum-lipid-levels
#15
Li Shenghe, Jin Erhui, Qiao Enmei, Wu Guozhong, Li Kui
This study investigated the effects of chitooligosaccharide on lipid metabolism, immune organ development, and lymphocyte apoptosis in broiler chickens. A total of 480 one-day-old broiler chickens (Arbor Acres) were randomly and evenly assigned to control group and experimental groups I, II, and III. The control group was given a basic diet, while experimental groups I, II, and III were given basic diets for 42 days, supplemented with 50 mg/kg chlortetracycline, 20, and 40 mg/kg chitooligosaccharide, respectively...
December 23, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008328/dietary-administration-of-bacillus-subtilis-enhances-growth-performance-immune-response-and-disease-resistance-in-cherry-valley-ducks
#16
Mengjiao Guo, Guangen Hao, Baohua Wang, Ning Li, Rong Li, Liangmeng Wei, Tongjie Chai
Given the promising results of applying Bacillus subtilis (B.subtilis) as a probiotic in both humans and animals, the aim of this study was to systematically investigate the effects of B. subtilis on growth performance, immune response and disease resistance in Cherry Valley ducks. At 28 d post-hatch (dph), ducks fed a diet with B. subtilis weighed significantly more, had higher relative immune organ weights (e.g., bursa of Fabricius, thymus, and spleen), and exhibited greater villus heights, villus height to crypt depth ratios (duodenum and jejunum), and shallower crypt depths in the duodenum than controls fed a normal diet (p < 0...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002861/injectable-corticosteroids-take-precautions-and-use-caution
#17
Véronique Freire, Nathalie J Bureau
Corticosteroids are routinely injected into soft tissues, tendon sheaths, bursae, and joints. These anti-inflammatory agents have different potency and solubility, and solubility is inversely correlated with the duration of action. Corticosteroids carry a low risk of complications but commonly cause systemic and local adverse effects. The use of intra-articular corticosteroid injections in the treatment of inflammatory arthritis and osteoarthritis is well established. Evidence also supports the use of injectable corticosteroids in the treatment of inflammatory tenosynovitis and bursitis associated with rheumatic diseases, trigger finger and de Quervain disease, and carpal tunnel syndrome...
November 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995452/an-optimal-approach-for-laparoscopic-d3-lymphadenectomy-plus-complete-mesocolic-excision-d3-cme-for-right-sided-colon-cancer
#18
Daxing Xie, Chaoran Yu, Chun Gao, Hasan Osaiweran, Junbo Hu, Jianping Gong
BACKGROUND: It is common knowledge that high ligation of blood vessels at the D3 level and complete mesocolic excision (CME) are two critical points of right hemicolectomy for right colon cancer (RCC). (1-5) To date, a safe strategy for completing these two procedures under laparoscopic surgery has not been extensively described. The authors provide a video to demonstrate laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (D3 + CME) with an optimal mesentery-defined approach. By identifying three "tri-junctions," this approach facilitates dissection of the entire mesocolon along the embryologic planes as far centrally as possible and enables the high tie of feeding vessels at bifurcation...
December 19, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990670/magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-of-adipose-tissues-in-the-head-of-a-common-dolphin-delphinus-delphis-structure-identification-and-influence-of-a-freezing-thawing-cycle
#19
M Arribart, J Ognard, C Guintard, F Domergue, S Hassani, D Ben Salem, J-L Jung
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to scan the head of a common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) in order to visualize the different adipose tissues involved in echolocation functioning and to precisely delineate their anatomical topology. MRI scans were performed on the head taken from a freshly stranded carcass and repeated after a 2-week freezing time followed by thawing. The main fatty organs of the head, that is the melon, the mandibula bulba, the bursae cantantes, and their different connections with surrounding tissues were identified and labelled...
December 18, 2016: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988776/-i-alloionema-i-i-californicum-i-n-sp-nematoda-alloionematidae-a-new-alloionematid-from-usa
#20
Jiří Nermuť, Vladimír Půža, Zdeněk Mráček, Edwin Lewis
A new species of the family Alloionematidae was isolated from a rotten winged gourd at White Crane Garden, San Francisco, USA, sampled by Christopher Nelson in November 2010, and a live culture is deposited in Félix Lab Strain Database (http://www.justbio.com/worms/index.php), IBENS, Paris, France. Specimens from the culture have been examined. Both morphologically and molecularly, the nematode described herein as Alloionema californicum n. sp. differs from the other alloionematid species, A. appendiculatum and Neoalloionema tricaudatum...
November 7, 2016: Zootaxa
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