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Long head of biceps

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904931/-arthroscopic-tenodesis-or-tenotomy-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-in-preselected-patients-does-it-make-a%C3%A2-difference
#1
M Kerschbaum, N Maziak, M Scheuermann, M Scheibel
BACKGROUND: Are there clinical, cosmetic and/or structural differences between tenotomy and tenodesis of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHB) in patients selected according to commonly used indication criteria? MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 85 patients were included in this study. An LHB tenodesis (LHB-TD) was performed in 49 patients and a tenotomy (LHB-TT) in 36 patients. In addition to a standardized examination, the age and gender adjusted Constant score (aCS), the LHB score and the subjective shoulder value (SSV) were assessed...
November 30, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900700/platelet-rich-plasma-supplementation-in-arthroscopic-repair-of-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
R D'Ambrosi, F Palumbo, A Paronzini, V Ragone, R M Facchini
BACKGROUND: Results on the effectiveness of PRP supplementation in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair are conflicting, making it difficult to draw definitive conclusions. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, and double-blind study with two groups of 20 patients each (PRP group and control group). Degenerative supraspinatus full-thickness tears grade C2-C3 were subjected to arthroscopic repair; PRP supplementation was given to patients in the PRP group. The outcomes were assessed by DASH, Constant scales, and ultrasound before and 6 months after surgery...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885850/detour-sign-in-the-diagnosis-of-subluxation-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-with-arthroscopic-correlation
#3
Eun Kyung Khil, Jang Gyu Cha, Ji Sook Yi, Hyun-Joo Kim, Kyung Dae Min, Young Cheol Yoon, Chan Hong Jeon
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether detection of the detour sign via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicates of subluxation of the long head of the biceps tendon (SLBT) in the shoulder joint and to investigate the association of SLBT with the degeneration of the long head of the biceps tendon (LBT) and rotator cuff tears. METHODS: This retrospective study included 65 patients with shoulder pain who underwent shoulder MRI and arthroscopic surgery. When axial images revealed that the LBT was displaced over the inner rim of the bicipital groove with some remaining contact with the groove (criterion 1), or demonstrated a "detour sign" of the biceps tendon (criterion 2), the lesion was diagnosed an SLBT...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885409/-simultaneous-surgical-treatment-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-during-operative-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-fractures
#4
M Kerschbaum, M Werth, C Gerhardt, M Scheibel
BACKGROUND: Pathologic conditions of the long biceps tendon can be found within treatment of proximal humeral fractures or as a source of pain after surgery. However, simultaneous surgical treatment at the index surgical intervention is so far not well established. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of a simultaneous biceps treatment during plate osteosynthesis of proximal humeral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven patients were included into this study...
November 24, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847979/relationship-between-subscapularis-tears-and-injuries-to-the-biceps-pulley
#5
Arnaud Godenèche, Laurent Nové-Josserand, Stéphane Audebert, Bruno Toussaint, Patrick J Denard, Alexandre Lädermann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between long head of the biceps brachii (LHBT) lesions and subscapularis tears. The hypothesis was that a bicipital pulley might remain intact, even in the case of a subscapularis tear. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2011, all patients who had a primary arthroscopic repair of a subscapularis tear were potentially included in this prospective study. The outcome of interest was the prevalence and type of arthroscopic lesions of the LHBT and bicipital pulley...
November 15, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790534/clinico-radiological-correlation-of-subcoracoid-impingement-with-reduced-coracohumeral-interval-and-its-relation-to-subscapularis-tears-in-indian-patients
#6
Ayyappan Vijayachandran Nair, Srivatsa Nagaraja Rao, Chandrababu Kadassery Kumaran, Bhaskaran Vadakkekottu Kochukunju
INTRODUCTION: Clinically, subcoracoid impingement is characterized by pain at the anterior aspect of the shoulder that is induced by adduction, internal rotation and forward flexion. This position leads to narrowing of the Coraco-Humeral Interval (CHI)-that is, the space between the coracoid process and the lesser tuberosity of the humerus. Structures in the rotator interval are at greatest risk for impingement which includes the Subscorapularis tendon, tendon of the long head of the biceps, and the middle gleno-humeral ligament...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781982/rhomboid-nerve-transfer-to-the-suprascapular-nerve-for-shoulder-reanimation-in-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-clinical-report
#7
J-N Goubier, F Teboul
Recovery of shoulder function is a real challenge in cases of partial brachial plexus palsy. Currently, in C5-C6 root injuries, transfer of the long head of the triceps brachii branch is done to revive the deltoid muscle. Spinal accessory nerve transfer is typically used for reanimation of the suprascapular nerve. We propose an alternative technique in which the nerve of the rhomboid muscles is transferred to the suprascapular nerve. A 33-year-old male patient with a C5-C6 brachial plexus injury with shoulder and elbow flexion palsy underwent surgery 7 months after the injury...
October 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752837/multi-modal-imaging-of-the-subscapularis-muscle
#8
REVIEW
Mona Alilet, Julien Behr, Jean-Philippe Nueffer, Benoit Barbier-Brion, Sébastien Aubry
: The subscapularis (SSC) muscle is the most powerful of the rotator cuff muscles, and plays an important role in shoulder motion and stabilization. SSC tendon tear is quite uncommon, compared to the supraspinatus (SSP) tendon, and, most of the time, part of a large rupture of the rotator cuff. Various complementary imaging techniques can be used to obtain an accurate diagnosis of SSC tendon lesions, as well as their extension and muscular impact. Pre-operative diagnosis by imaging is a key issue, since a lesion of the SSC tendon impacts on treatment, surgical approach, and post-operative functional prognosis of rotator cuff injuries...
December 2016: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752168/-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-dystrophinopathy-that-mimics-adductor-enthesopathy
#9
Y M Zheng, W Z Li, Z X Wang, W Zhang, H Lv, J X Xiao, Y Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To report thigh muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests of four Chinese patients with dystrophinopathy with edema changes in adductor longus muscles that mimics adductor enthesopathy. METHODS: Four boys, who were from four unrelated families and aged from 5 to 11 years, were investigated because of the clinical manifestations including myalgia or muscle weakness or the incidental findings of elevated serum creatine kinase levels, and were diagnosed with dystrophinopathy by gene test of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739112/the-functional-significance-of-hamstrings-composition-is-it-really-a-fast-muscle-group
#10
Pavlos E Evangelidis, Garry J Massey, Richard A Ferguson, Patrick C Wheeler, Matthew T G Pain, Jonathan P Folland
Hamstrings muscle fiber composition may be predominantly fast-twitch and could explain the high incidence of hamstrings strain injuries. However, hamstrings muscle composition in vivo, and its influence on knee flexor muscle function, remains unknown. We investigated biceps femoris long head (BFlh) myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition from biopsy samples, and the association of hamstrings composition and hamstrings muscle volume (using MRI) with knee flexor maximal and explosive strength. Thirty-one young men performed maximal (concentric, eccentric, isometric) and explosive (isometric) contractions...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717975/diagnostic-accuracy-of-3t-conventional-shoulder-mri-in-the-detection-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-tears-associated-with-rotator-cuff-tendon-tears
#11
Ro Woon Lee, Soo-Jung Choi, Man Ho Lee, Jae Hong Ahn, Dong Rock Shin, Chae Hoon Kang, Ki Won Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance (DP) of 3T (3 Tesla field strength) conventional shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) tears in association with rotator cuff tendon tears. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 80 consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery for rotator cuff tendon tears. Two radiologists independently evaluated the preoperative 3T shoulder MRI for the presence of LHBT tears...
December 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660368/impact-of-the-nordic-hamstring-and-hip-extension-exercises-on-hamstring-architecture-and-morphology-implications-for-injury-prevention
#12
Matthew N Bourne, Steven J Duhig, Ryan G Timmins, Morgan D Williams, David A Opar, Aiman Al Najjar, Graham K Kerr, Anthony J Shield
BACKGROUND: The architectural and morphological adaptations of the hamstrings in response to training with different exercises have not been explored. PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in biceps femoris long head (BFLH) fascicle length and hamstring muscle size following 10-weeks of Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) or hip extension (HE) training. METHODS: 30 recreationally active male athletes (age, 22.0±3.6 years; height, 180.4±7 cm; weight, 80...
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659242/all-arthroscopic-suprapectoral-versus-open-subpectoral-tenodesis-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-brachii-without-the-use-of-interference-screws
#13
Jamison M Green, Mark H Getelman, Stephen J Snyder, Joseph P Burns
PURPOSE: To compare patient-reported outcomes and healing rates after open subpectoral and all-arthroscopic suprapectoral biceps tenodesis without the use of interference screws in patients with more than 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: Patients with at least 2 years of follow-up who underwent open subpectoral biceps tenodesis or all-arthroscopic suprapectoral biceps tenodesis without concomitant rotator cuff repair, labral repair, or Mumford procedure were considered for enrollment in the study...
September 19, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638153/how-is-shoulder-ultrasound-done-in-italy-a-survey-of-clinical-practice
#14
Marcello Zappia, Alberto Aliprandi, Simona Pozza, Fabio Martino Doniselli, Salvatore Gitto, Luca Maria Sconfienza
OBJECTIVES: To define when an ultrasound examination of the shoulder can be considered complete and how many examinations currently performed in Italy are actually complete according to that definition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reports and images of previously performed ultrasound examinations of the shoulder of patients seen in 2014 for interventional procedures were reviewed for the following items, according to guidelines published by the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology: long biceps, subscapularis, supraspinatus, external rotators, acromioclavicular joint, subacromial bursa, subacromial space, coraco-acromial ligament, and the posterior recess...
September 16, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635157/case-report-role-of-bedside-ultrasonography-in-early-diagnosis-of-myonecrosis-rapidly-developed-in-deep-soft-tissue-infections
#15
Americo Testa, Rosangela Giannuzzi, Valeria De Biasio
BACKGROUND: Myonecrosis can rapidly develop in soft tissue necrotizing infections, often with initial sparing of the skin. Despite the improvements in management of necrotizing soft tissue infections, mortality remains high, according to the location, microbial agents and comorbidities, ranging between 17 and 46 %. A prompt diagnosis represents the greatest challenge for the emergency physician. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a patient with a history of hypertension and arrhythmia who developed nonclostridial necrotizing fasciitis with extensive myonecrosis, after articular infiltration procedure...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619508/intra-and-inter-session-reliability-of-surface-electromyography-on-muscles-actuating-the-forearm-during-maximum-voluntary-contractions
#16
Guillaume Gaudet, Maxime Raison, Fabien Dal Maso, Sofiane Achiche, Mickael Begon
The aim of this study is to determine the intra- and inter-session reliability of non-normalized surface electromyography (sEMG) on the muscles actuating the forearm during maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC). A sub-objective of this study is to determine the intra- and inter-session reliability of forearm MVIC force or torque, which is a prerequisite to assess sEMG reliability. Eighteen healthy adults participated at four different times, namely baseline, 1 h-post, 6 h-post, and 24 h-post. They performed three MVIC trials of forearm flexion, extension, pronation and supination...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606277/shoulder-disease-patterns-of-the-wheelchair-athletes-of-table-tennis-and-archery-a-pilot-study
#17
Byung-Chun You, Won-Jae Lee, Seung-Hwa Lee, Sol Jang, Hyun-Seok Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the shoulder disease patterns for the table-tennis (TT) and archery (AR) wheelchair athletes via ultrasonographic evaluations. METHODS: A total of 35 wheelchair athletes were enrolled, made up of groups of TT (n=19) and AR (n=16) athletes. They were all paraplegic patients and were investigated for their wheelchair usage duration, careers as sports players, weekly training times, the Wheelchair User's Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) scores and ultrasonographic evaluation...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599831/outcomes-following-long-head-of-biceps-tendon-tenodesis
#18
REVIEW
Saad M AlQahtani, Ryan T Bicknell
Lesions of the proximal long head of the biceps tendon (LHB) have been considered as a major cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction. The role of the LHB in causing pain has been a source of controversy for many years, and extensive literature is available discussing anatomy, function, pathology, and most importantly appropriate treatment. Despite this, there is a lack of consensus in the literature regarding the management of biceps-related pathology. Biceps tenotomy and tenodesis are common surgical treatment options when dealing with LHB-related pathology...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594326/editorial-commentary-using-a-70%C3%A2-arthroscope-to-evaluate-the-biceps-tendon-and-rule-out-bicipital-tunnel-disease-is-better-than-using-a%C3%A2-30%C3%A2-arthroscope%C3%A2-but-still-inadequate
#19
EDITORIAL
Samuel A Taylor
In a well-constructed study using both cadaveric and in vivo models, Sheean et al. found that use of a 70° arthroscope significantly improves visualization of the long head of the biceps tendon and zone 1 of the bicipital tunnel compared with a standard 30° arthroscope during shoulder arthroscopy. Enthusiasm for the added visualization afforded by the 70° arthroscope, however, should be tempered by the fact that zone 2 of the bicipital tunnel and the biceps tendon within remain hidden from view along with any pathology it harbors...
September 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583444/mri-based-regional-muscle-use-during-hamstring-strengthening-exercises-in-elite-soccer-players
#20
Alberto Mendez-Villanueva, Luis Suarez-Arrones, Gil Rodas, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Per Tesch, Richard Linnehan, Richard Kreider, Valter Di Salvo
The present study examined site-specific hamstring muscles use with functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in elite soccer players during strength training. Thirty-six players were randomized into four groups, each performing either Nordic hamstring, flywheel leg-curl, Russian belt or the hip-extension conic-pulley exercise. The transverse relaxation time (T2) shift from pre- to post-MRI were calculated for the biceps femoris long (BFl) and short (BFs) heads, semitendinosus (ST) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles at proximal, middle and distal areas of the muscle length...
2016: PloS One
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