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Judette M Louis, Matthew A Koch, Uma M Reddy, Robert M Silver, Corette B Parker, Francesca L Facco, Susan Redline, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Judith H Chung, Grace W Pien, Robert C Basner, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Brian M Mercer, Samuel Parry, Daniel Mobley, Benjamin Carper, George R Saade, Frank P Schubert, Phyllis C Zee
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in pregnancy, but there are limited data on predictors. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop predictive models of sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Nulliparous women completed validated questionnaires to assess for symptoms related to snoring, fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia, and restless leg syndrome. The questionnaires included questions regarding the timing of sleep and sleep duration, work schedules (eg, shift work, night work), sleep positions, and previously diagnosed sleep disorders...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ashley N Battarbee, Anna Palatnik, Danielle A Peress, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE:  Evaluate the association between cervical examination after ripening with Foley catheter and labor induction outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  In this retrospective cohort, nulliparous women with singleton, viable gestation undergoing cervical ripening with Foley catheter were compared based on cervical status after catheter removal or expulsion: favorable (modified Bishop score ≥ 5) or unfavorable (score < 5). Bivariable and multivariable analyses were performed to determine whether cervical examination postripening was associated with time to delivery and chance of vaginal delivery...
February 28, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Sarah J Pugh, Ana M Ortega-Villa, William Grobman, Roger B Newman, John Owen, Deborah A Wing, Paul S Albert, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVE: Accurate assessment of gestational age is critical to pediatric care, yet is limited in developing countries without access to ultrasound. Our objectives were to assess the accuracy of gestational age at birth (GA) prediction and preterm birth (PTB) classification using routinely collected anthropometry measures. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: United States. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: 2334 non-obese and 468 obese pregnant women...
February 23, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Juan Wen, Xuejing Song, Hongjuan Ding, Xiaofeng Shen, Rong Shen, Ling-Qun Hu, Wei Long
There is an urgent need in China to better predict vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) to face the challenge of the second child policy. We aimed to validate a widely used VBAC prediction model (Grobman's model) and a modified version of this model in a Chinese population. In this retrospective cohort study, 444 women with one cesarean delivery and at least one subsequent attempt for a trial of labor in Nanjing, China were included. The considered potential VBAC predictors included Grobman's background variables and five new variables...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Arturo D Salow, Lindsay R Pool, William A Grobman, Kiarri N Kershaw
BACKGROUND: Previous analyses utilizing birth certificate data have shown environmental factors such as racial residential segregation may contribute to disparities in adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, birth certificate data are ill equipped to reliably differentiate between small for gestational age, spontaneous preterm birth and medically indicated preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: To utilize data from electronic medical records to determine whether residential segregation among black women is associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Michelle A Kominiarek, William Grobman, Emma Adam, Claudia Buss, Jennifer Culhane, Sonja Entringer, Hyagriv Simhan, Pathik D Wadhwa, Kwang-Youn Kim, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Ann Borders
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between prenatal stress and gestational weight gain (GWG). STUDY DESIGN: This was an analysis of women recruited between 2013-2015 from four sites in the US. We tested associations between responses at 32-35 weeks to the Life Experiences Survey (LES), a 37-item measure of events and perceived stress, and GWG categories. Bivariable comparisons and logistic regression were used to estimate the association between the total LES score and the odds of achieving adequate GWG...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Kate Swanson, William A Grobman, Emily S Miller
OBJECTIVE:  Prediction of gestational latency after placement of physical exam indicated cerclage (PEIC) is limited. Uterocervical angle (UCA) has been associated with spontaneous preterm delivery in the general population. Our objective was to examine whether UCA is associated with gestational latency in women with PEIC. STUDY DESIGN:  This retrospective cohort included women with a singleton gestation who had PEIC placed at a single tertiary care center between January 2010 and September 2015...
January 24, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
William A Grobman, Corette B Parker, Marian Willinger, Deborah A Wing, Robert M Silver, Ronald J Wapner, Hyagriv N Simhan, Samuel Parry, Brian M Mercer, David M Haas, Alan M Peaceman, Shannon Hunter, Pathik Wadhwa, Michal A Elovitz, Tatiana Foroud, George Saade, Uma M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between self-reported psychosocial stress and preterm birth, hypertensive disease of pregnancy, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to assess the extent to which these relationships account for racial and ethnic disparities in these adverse outcomes. METHODS: Self-reported measures of psychosocial stress (perceived stress, depression, racism, anxiety, resilience, and social support) were collected during pregnancy among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of women enrolled in a prospective observational study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies, from eight clinical sites across the United States, between October 2010 and May 2014...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Stephanie L Mayne, Lindsay R Pool, William A Grobman, Kiarri N Kershaw
BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcomes are associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among mothers and future health problems of offspring. Neighbourhood crime may contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes by increasing chronic stress, yet the association has been relatively understudied. METHODS: Electronic health records from 34 383 singleton births at a single hospital in Chicago (2009-2013) were geocoded and linked to 1-year rates of police-recorded crime at the neighbourhood (Chicago community area) level...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Ashish Premkumar, William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Pediatrics
J-B Haumonte, M Raylet, M Christophe, F Mauviel, A Bertrand, R Desbriere, C d'Ercole
OBJECTIVE: To validate Grobman nomogram for predicting vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) in a French population and adapt it. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study of maternal and obstetric factors associated with VBAC between May 2012 and May 2013 in 6 maternity units. External validation and adaptation of the prenatal and intrapartum Grobman nomograms for vaginal birth prediction after cesarean delivery in a French cohort. RESULTS: The study included 523 women with previous cesarean deliveries; 70% underwent a trial of labor for a subsequent delivery (n=367) with a success rate of 65% (n=240)...
March 2018: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
Joses A Jain, Lorene A Temming, Mary E D'Alton, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Methodius Tuuli, Judette M Louis, Sindhu K Srinivas, Aaron B Caughey, William A Grobman, Mark Hehir, Elizabeth Howell, George R Saade, Alan T N Tita, Laura E Riley
Racial and ethnic disparities in maternal morbidity and mortality rates are an important public health problem in the United States. Because racial and ethnic minorities are expected to comprise more than one-half of the US population by 2050, this issue needs to be addressed urgently. Research suggests that the drivers of health disparities occur at 3 levels: patient, provider, and system. Although we have recognized this issue and identified elements that contribute to it, knowledge must be converted into action to address it...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
George R Saade, Elizabeth A Thom, William A Grobman, Jay D Iams, Brian M Mercer, Uma M Reddy, Alan T N Tita, Dwight J Rouse, Yoram Sorokin, Ronald J Wapner, Kenneth J Leveno, Sean C Blackwell, M Sean Esplin, Jorge E Tolosa, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, J Peter VanDorsten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the presence of cervical funneling or intra-amniotic debris identified in the second trimester is associated with higher rates of preterm birth (PTB) in asymptomatic nulliparous women with a midtrimester cervical length (CL) less than 30 mm (i.e., less than the 10(th) percentile). METHODS: A secondary cohort analysis of a multicenter trial of women between 16 and 22 weeks with a singleton gestation and a CL less than 30 mm by transvaginal ultrasound randomized to either 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate or placebo...
November 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Yinglei Lai, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: While there are well-accepted standards for the diagnosis of arrested active-phase labor, the definition of a "failed" induction of labor remains less certain. One approach to diagnosing a failed induction is based on the duration of the latent phase. However, a standard for the minimum duration that the latent phase of a labor induction should continue, absent acute maternal or fetal indications for cesarean delivery, remains lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes as a function of the duration of the latent phase among nulliparous women undergoing labor induction...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cuilin Zhang, Mary L Hediger, Paul S Albert, Jagteshwar Grewal, Anthony Sciscione, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Roger B Newman, Ronald Wapner, Mary E D'Alton, Daniel Skupski, Michael P Nageotte, Angela C Ranzini, John Owen, Edward K Chien, Sabrina Craigo, Sungduk Kim, Katherine L Grantz, Germaine M Buck Louis
Importance: Despite the increasing prevalence of pregravid obesity, systematic evaluation of the association of maternal obesity with fetal growth trajectories is lacking. Objective: To characterize differences in fetal growth trajectories between obese and nonobese pregnant women, and to identify the timing of any observed differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons study enrolled cohorts of pregnant women at 12 US health care institutions...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ashley N Battarbee, Anna Palatnik, Linda M Ernst, William A Grobman
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that pregnancies complicated by placentas with an isolated single umbilical artery (iSUA) are at increased risk for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births. The etiology of SGA in this population, however, remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate whether placental abnormalities in pregnancies with SGA births differ according to the presence of iSUA. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational study of all women with pathologic examination of the placenta after delivering a non-anomalous, singleton SGA neonate between January 2009 and August 2015...
November 2017: Placenta
Brownsyne Tucker Edmonds, Teresa A Savage, Robert E Kimura, Sarah J Kilpatrick, Miriam Kuppermann, William Grobman, Karen Kavanaugh
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospective parents' perceptions of management options and outcomes in the context of threatened periviable delivery, and the values they apply in making antenatal decisions during this period. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of 46 antenatal interviews conducted at three tertiary-care hospitals with 54 prospective parents (40 pregnant women, 14 partners) who had received counseling for threatened periviable delivery (40 cases). RESULTS: Participants most often recalled being involved in resuscitation, cerclage, and delivery mode decisions...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Dana L Suskind, Christy Y Y Leung, Robert J Webber, Alison C Hundertmark, Kristin R Leffel, Iara E Fuenmayor Rivas, William A Grobman
A total of 427 women (aged 18-45 years) who delivered a singleton neonate without serious medical complications were randomized to watch either an educational intervention (n = 225) or the sudden infant death syndrome (n = 202) video. Linear mixed models showed that the intervention women significantly gained knowledge over time. Knowledge gain was largest among high-socioeconomic status (high-SES) and middle-SES English-speaking, smaller among low-SES Spanish-speaking, and nonsignificant among low-SES English-speaking women...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
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