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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830971/psychometric-properties-of-stress-and-anxiety-measures-among-nulliparous-women
#1
Carla M Bann, Corette B Parker, William A Grobman, Marian Willinger, Hyagriv N Simhan, Deborah A Wing, David M Haas, Robert M Silver, Samuel Parry, George R Saade, Ronald J Wapner, Michal A Elovitz, Emily S Miller, Uma M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of three measures, the perceived stress scale (PSS), pregnancy experience scale (PES), and state trait anxiety inventory (STAI), for assessing stress and anxiety during pregnancy among a large sample of nulliparous women. METHODS: The sample included 10,002 pregnant women participating in the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be (nMoM2b). Internal consistency reliability was assessed with Cronbach's alpha and factorial validity with confirmatory factor analyses...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824768/relationship-between-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-and-neonatal-adiposity-in-women-with-mild-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Sean C Blackwell, Mark B Landon, Lisa Mele, Uma M Reddy, Brian M Casey, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, Dwight J Rouse, John M Thorp, Anthony Sciscione, Patrick Catalano, George Saade, Steve N Caritis, Yoram Sorokin, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships among excessive gestational weight gain, neonatal adiposity, and adverse obstetric outcomes in women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized clinical trial of women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus. Based on self-reported prepregnancy body weight, gestational weight gain was categorized as excessive if it was greater than 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752158/-application-of-seven-prediction-models-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-in-a-chinese-hospital
#3
T Mu, Y Wang, G L Liu, J L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the seven existing vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) screening tools and to identify additional factors that may predict VBAC or failed trial of labor in China. METHODS: In the study, 53 patients with 1 previous cesarean delivery who then delivered between January 1, 2007 and Novenber 31, 2014 were recruited. The average age of the patients was (32.1±3.5) years,the average gestational age was (38.0±2.3) weeks. There was no significant difference of the successful group and the failed group in the maternal/neonatal mortality and morbidity, also in the incidence of the postpartum hemorrhage and the postpartum infection...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615067/patterns-of-peripheral-cytokine-expression-during-pregnancy-in-two-cohorts-and-associations-with-inflammatory-markers-in-cord-blood
#4
Kharah MacKenzie Ross, Gregory Miller, Jennifer Culhane, William Grobman, Hyagriv N Simhan, Pathik D Wadhwa, Douglas Williamson, Thomas McDade, Claudia Buss, Sonja Entringer, Emma Adam, Sameen Qadir, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Adam K K Leigh, Ann Borders
PROBLEM: Maternal inflammation undergoes adaptations during pregnancy, and excessive inflammation has been associated with adverse outcomes. One mechanism may be maternal inflammation transmission to the fetal compartment. Links between maternal pregnancy inflammation and fetal inflammation are poorly characterized. METHOD: Principal components analysis was used to extract underlying inflammation components across cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-10, IL-13, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) in two pregnancy cohorts (SPAH N=87, MOMS N=539) assessed during the second and third trimesters...
November 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607865/perinatal-outcomes-in-cephalic-compared-with-noncephalic-singleton-presentation-in-the-setting-of-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-before-32-weeks-of-gestation
#5
Lynn M Yee, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between fetal presentation at the time of admission for preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and perinatal outcomes, including gestational latency, among women in a large and well-characterized population with preterm PROM at less than 32 weeks of gestation. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from women randomized to receive magnesium sulfate compared with placebo in the previously reported Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network Beneficial Effects of Antenatal Magnesium Sulfate (1997-2004) trial...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589899/obstetrician-call-schedule-and-obstetric-outcomes-among-women-eligible-for-a-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean
#6
Lynn M Yee, Lilly Y Liu, William A Grobman
BACKGROUND: Reducing cesarean deliveries is a major public health goal. The low rate of vaginal birth after cesarean has been attributed largely to a decrease in the likelihood of choosing a trial of labor after cesarean, despite evidence suggesting a majority of women with 1 prior low transverse cesarean are trial of labor after cesarean candidates. Although a number of reasons for this decrease have been explored, it remains unclear how systems issues such as physician call schedules influence delivery approach and mode in this context...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500932/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-measures-of-self-reported-psychosocial-states-and-traits-during-pregnancy
#7
William A Grobman, Corette Parker, Pathik D Wadhwa, Marian Willinger, Hyagriv Simhan, Bob Silver, Ron J Wapner, Samuel Parry, Brian Mercer, David Haas, Alan M Peaceman, Shannon Hunter, Deborah Wing, Steve Caritis, Sean Esplin, Matt Hoffman, Jack Ludmir, Jay Iams, Emily Long, George Saade, Uma M Reddy
Background The aim of this study was to determine whether racial/ethnic differences in psychosocial measures, independent of economic status, exist among a large population of pregnant nulliparas. Methods Between October 2010 and September 2013, nulliparous women at eight U.S. medical centers were followed longitudinally during pregnancy and completed validated instruments to quantify several psychosocial domains: Cohen Perceived Stress Scale, trait subscale of the Spielberger Anxiety Inventory, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Krieger Racism Scale, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and the Pregnancy Experience Scale...
December 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500344/association-of-recorded-estimated-fetal-weight-and-cesarean-delivery-in-attempted-vaginal-delivery-at-term
#8
Rosemary J Froehlich, Grecio Sandoval, Jennifer L Bailit, William A Grobman, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between documentation of estimated fetal weight, and its value, with cesarean delivery. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a multicenter observational cohort of 115,502 deliveries from 2008 to 2011. Data were abstracted by trained and certified study personnel. We included women at 37 weeks of gestation or greater attempting vaginal delivery with live, nonanomalous, singleton, vertex fetuses and no history of cesarean delivery...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500341/association-of-early-amniotomy-after-foley-balloon-catheter-ripening-and-duration-of-nulliparous-labor-induction
#9
Ashley N Battarbee, Anna Palatnik, Danielle A Peress, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between early amniotomy after ripening with a Foley balloon catheter and duration of labor induction. METHODS: In this retrospective matched cohort study, 546 nulliparous women with a singleton viable gestation undergoing cervical ripening with a Foley balloon catheter were compared based on timing of amniotomy after catheter removal: early (defined as artificial rupture of membranes less than 1 hour after Foley removal) compared with no artificial rupture of membranes in the first hour...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454716/in-reply
#10
William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425431/prediction-with-conviction-a-stepwise-guide-toward-improving-prediction-and-clinical-care
#11
E S Miller, W A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418448/society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-special-report-current-approaches-to-measuring-quality-of-care-in-obstetrics
#12
Jennifer L Bailit, Kimberly D Gregory, Sindhu Srinivas, Thomas Westover, William A Grobman, George R Saade
Heath care measurement and evaluation is an integral piece of the health care system. The creation and assessment of care performance metrics are important and relevant for the obstetric community including both clinicians and patients. Careful deliberation is required to create a measurement system that results in optimal care for women and families. This article reviews the current approaches to measuring quality in obstetrics.
September 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416693/a-deep-sea-diver-with-cement-pulmonary-embolism
#13
Roya Memarpour, Basheer Tashtoush, Faria Nasim, Daniel Grobman, Bharat K Upadhyay, Franck Rahaghi
Cement pulmonary embolism is a rare complication of cement kyphoplasty. These emboli are often asymptomatic and commonly detected many years after the procedure as incidental findings on radiographic imaging. We herein report a case of a 32-year-old professional diver who was diagnosed with asymptomatic cement pulmonary emboli during his annual diving physical exam. After two years of follow-up the patient remained asymptomatic and resumed his career in professional diving, which included deep sea diving activities with no evidence of respiratory limitations or long-term complications...
May 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392704/prenatal-stress-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response-in-african-american-and-caucasian-women-in-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy
#14
Clarissa D Simon, Emma K Adam, Jane L Holl, Kaitlin A Wolfe, William A Grobman, Ann E B Borders
Objectives Prior studies have shown significant racial disparities in psychosocial stressors for pregnant women. One physiological mechanism by which prenatal stress is expressed is via the stress-sensitive hormone cortisol, which itself differs by race. In this study, we examine differences in cortisol awakening response (CAR) for African-American and Caucasian pregnant women during late pregnancy, particularly whether racial disparities are evident after accounting for measures of psychosocial stress. Methods During their third trimester of pregnancy (32-40 weeks of gestation), we asked women to self-collect salivary samples at home over 2 days...
October 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388813/role-of-the-3-vessel-and-trachea-view-in-antenatal-detection-of-tetralogy-of-fallot
#15
Anna Palatnik, William A Grobman, Leeber S Cohen, Jeffrey S Dungan, Nina L Gotteiner
Prenatal diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot remains less frequent compared to other major congenital heart defects. In this study, we examined how often the 3-vessel and trachea view was abnormal in a large series of prenatally diagnosed cases of tetralogy of Fallot. In addition, we compared its sensitivity to that of the traditional outflow tract views for detection of tetralogy of Fallot. We found that both views were abnormal in all fetuses with tetralogy of Fallot, showing reversed aortic-to-pulmonary valve and aortic arch isthmus-to-ductus arteriosus ratios in the outflow tract and 3-vessel and trachea views, respectively...
August 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367285/is-there-an-association-between-indication-for-intrauterine-balloon-tamponade-and-balloon-failure
#16
Moeun Son, Brett D Einerson, Patrick Schneider, Ian C Fields, William A Grobman, Emily S Miller
Objective Determine whether the indication for intrauterine balloon tamponade (IUBT) is associated with failure rates. Study Design Cohort study of women who underwent IUBT for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) from 2007 to 2014. The indication was categorized as uterine atony or placental-site bleeding. Primary outcome was IUBT failure, defined as the need for uterine artery embolization or hysterectomy. Secondary outcomes were estimated blood loss (EBL) after balloon placement, transfusion of red blood cells (RBC), transfusion of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and/or cryoprecipitate, and intensive care unit (ICU) admission...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333348/in-reply
#17
William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262971/a-prediction-model-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-in-the-preterm-period
#18
Anne H Mardy, Cande V Ananth, William A Grobman, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
BACKGROUND: A validated model exists that predicts the probability of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery in patients at term who are undergoing a trial of labor after cesarean delivery. However, a model that predicts the success of a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery in the preterm period has not been developed. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop and validate a predictive model for vaginal birth after cesarean delivery for women undergoing a trial of labor after cesarean delivery during the preterm period...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240096/the-association-between-the-intertwin-interval-and-adverse-neonatal-outcomes
#19
Kate Swanson, William A Grobman, Emily S Miller
: Objective Previous data examining the association between the interval between the delivery of the first and second twin (intertwin interval) and adverse neonatal outcomes are conflicting. We sought to evaluate whether intertwin interval is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes for the second twin in a contemporary U. S. COHORT: Methods This is a cohort study of women who delivered twins at or after 32 weeks gestation between 2006 and 2014 and whose first twin was delivered vaginally vertex...
May 30, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210024/what-we-have-learned-about-quality-measures-for-intrapartum-obstetrical-care
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer L Bailit, William A Grobman
One of the most important purposes of measuring the quality of care is to improve the quality of care. Without measurement, it is not possible to determine whether changes in medical care delivery are helping patients. This article reviews important concepts in the measurement of quality obstetrical care, and demonstrates how these concepts have been informed by the Assessment of Perinatal Excellence (APEX) study performed by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (MFMU) Network...
August 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
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