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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393386/maternal-depressive-symptoms-perceived-stress-and-fetal-growth
#1
William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Paul Albert, Sungduk Kim, Jagteshwar Grewal, Constance Guille, Roger Newman, Edward K Chien, John Owen, Mary E D'Alton, Ronald Wapner, Anthony Sciscione, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether longitudinal fetal growth is altered among pregnant women reporting greater perceived stress or more symptoms of depression. METHODS: This analysis was based on a multicenter longitudinal study of fetal growth. Women were screened at gestational ages of 8 weeks to 13 weeks 6 days for low-risk status and underwent serial sonographic examinations. At each study visit during pregnancy, women were asked to complete the Cohen Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Survey (EPDS)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384838/maternal-income-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-chronic-placental-inflammation-at-birth
#2
Lauren S Keenan-Devlin, Linda M Ernst, Kharah M Ross, Sameen Qadir, William A Grobman, Jane L Holl, Amy Crockett, Gregory E Miller, Ann E B Borders
Objective This study aims to examine whether maternal household income is associated with histological evidence of chronic placental inflammation. Study Design A total of 152 participants completed surveys of household income and consented to placenta collection at delivery and postpartum chart review for birth outcomes. Placental inflammatory lesions were evaluated via histological examination of the membranes, basal plate, and villous parenchyma by a single, experienced pathologist. Associations between household income and the presence of inflammatory lesions were adjusted for known perinatal risk factors...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383377/evaluation-of-introduction-of-a-delayed-cord-clamping-protocol-for-premature-neonates-in-a-high-volume-maternity-center
#3
Lilly Y Liu, Joe M Feinglass, Janine Y Khan, Susan E Gerber, William A Grobman, Lynn M Yee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adherence to a delayed cord clamping protocol for preterm births in the first 2 years after its introduction, perform a quality improvement assessment, and determine neonatal outcomes associated with protocol implementation and adherence. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of women delivering singleton neonates at 23-32 weeks of gestation in the 2 years before (preprotocol) and 2 years after (postprotocol) introduction of a 30-second delayed cord clamping protocol at a large-volume academic center...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369543/sleep-during-pregnancy-the-numom2b-pregnancy-and-sleep-duration-and-continuity-study
#4
Kathryn J Reid, Francesca L Facco, William A Grobman, Corette B Parker, Marcos Herbas, Shannon Hunter, Robert M Silver, Robert C Basner, George R Saade, Grace W Pien, Shalini Manchanda, Judette M Louis, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Judith H Chung, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Jay Iams, Samuel Parry, Phyllis C Zee
Study Objectives: To characterize sleep duration, timing and continuity measures in pregnancy and their association with key demographic variables. Methods: Multi-site prospective cohort study. Women enrolled in the nuMoM2b study (nulliparous women with a singleton gestation) were recruited at the second study visit (16- 21 weeks of gestation) to participate in the Sleep Duration and Continuity Substudy. Women <18 years of age, or with pregestational diabetes or chronic hypertension were excluded from participation...
March 24, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364845/using-item-response-theory-to-optimize-measurement-of-chronic-stress-in-pregnancy
#5
Ann E B Borders, Jin-Shei Lai, Kaitlin Wolfe, Sameen Qadir, Jie Peng, Kwang-Youn Kim, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Jane Holl, William Grobman
OBJECTIVE: Utilize Rasch analysis to develop an optimized self-reported measure of stress in pregnancy and examine the association with patient demographics and biologic measures of stress. STUDY DESIGN: Measured self-reported stress in pregnant women using 12 existing scales. Collected blood for biologic measures of stress (Epstein Barr Virus [EBV], C-Reactive Protein [CRP], Corticotropin Reactive Hormone [pCRH], and Adenocorticotropin Hormone [ACTH]). Used multidimensional scaling and Rasch analysis to produce an item reduced self-report measure...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320597/racial-or-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-adherence-to-national-dietary-guidance-in-a-large-cohort-of-us-pregnant-women
#6
Lisa M Bodnar, Hyagriv N Simhan, Corette B Parker, Heather Meier, Brian M Mercer, William A Grobman, David M Haas, Deborah A Wing, Matthew K Hoffman, Samuel Parry, Robert M Silver, George R Saade, Ronald Wapner, Jay D Iams, Pathik D Wadhwa, Michal Elovitz, Alan M Peaceman, Sean Esplin, Shannon Barnes, Uma M Reddy
BACKGROUND: The significance of periconceptional nutrition for optimizing offspring and maternal health and reducing social inequalities warrants greater understanding of diet quality among US women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate racial or ethnic and education inequalities in periconceptional diet quality and sources of energy and micronutrients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be cohort...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291893/predictive-accuracy-of-serial-transvaginal-cervical-lengths-and-quantitative-vaginal-fetal-fibronectin-levels-for-spontaneous-preterm-birth-among-nulliparous-women
#7
M Sean Esplin, Michal A Elovitz, Jay D Iams, Corette B Parker, Ronald J Wapner, William A Grobman, Hyagriv N Simhan, Deborah A Wing, David M Haas, Robert M Silver, Matthew K Hoffman, Alan M Peaceman, Steve N Caritis, Samuel Parry, Pathik Wadhwa, Tatiana Foroud, Brian M Mercer, Shannon M Hunter, George R Saade, Uma M Reddy
Importance: Spontaneous preterm birth is a leading cause of infant mortality. Prediction, largely based on prior pregnancy outcomes, is not possible in women pregnant for the first time. Objective: To assess the accuracy of universal screening to predict spontaneous preterm birth in nulliparous women using serial measurements of vaginal fetal fibronectin levels and cervical length. Design, Settings, and Participants: A prospective observational cohort study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies, from 8 clinical sites across the United States between October 2010 and May 2014...
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278278/dynamic-changes-of-the-respiratory-microbiota-and-its-relationship-to-fecal-and-blood-microbiota-in-healthy-young-cats
#8
Aida I Vientós-Plotts, Aaron C Ericsson, Hansjorg Rindt, Megan E Grobman, Amber Graham, Kaitlin Bishop, Leah A Cohn, Carol R Reinero
Advances in the field of metagenomics using culture-independent methods of microbial identification have allowed characterization of rich and diverse communities of bacteria in the lungs of healthy humans, mice, dogs, sheep and pigs. These data challenge the long held belief that the lungs are sterile and microbial colonization is synonymous with pathology. Studies in humans and animals demonstrate differences in the composition of airway microbiota in health versus disease suggesting respiratory dysbiosis occurs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277365/association-of-group-prenatal-care-with-gestational-weight-gain
#9
Michelle A Kominiarek, Amy Crockett, Sarah Covington-Kolb, Melissa Simon, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE: To compare gestational weight gain among women in group prenatal care with that of women in individual prenatal care. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, women who participated in group prenatal care from 2009 to 2015 and whose body mass indexes (BMIs) and gestational weight gain were recorded were matched with the next two women who had the same payer type, were within 2-kg/m prepregnancy BMI and 2-week gestational age at delivery, and had received individual prenatal care...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263750/maternal-stress-and-neonatal-anthropometry-the-nichd-fetal-growth-studies
#10
Deborah A Wing, Ana M Ortega-Villa, William A Grobman, Mary L Hediger, Jagteshwar Grewal, Sarah J Pugh, Sungduk Kim, Roger Newman, Ed Chien, John Owen, Mary E D'Alton, Ronald Wapner, Anthony Sciscione, Paul S Albert, Katherine L Grantz
BACKGROUND: The effect of maternal mood disorders on neonatal measurements is not well-defined. The Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the relationship between perceived maternal stress and neonatal growth measurements. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether perceived maternal stress during pregnancy is associated with anthropometric measurements in the neonate. STUDY DESIGN: This analysis was based on a prospective, multicenter longitudinal study of fetal growth...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240398/standardization-of-a-videofluoroscopic-swallow-study-protocol-to-investigate-dysphagia-in-dogs
#11
R A Harris, M E Grobman, M J Allen, J Schachtel, N E Rawson, B Bennett, J Ledyayev, B Hopewell, J R Coates, C R Reinero, T E Lever
BACKGROUND: Videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) is the gold standard for diagnosis of dysphagia in veterinary medicine but lacks standardized protocols that emulate physiologic feeding practices. Age impacts swallow function in humans but has not been evaluated by VFSS in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To develop a protocol with custom kennels designed to allow free-feeding of 3 optimized formulations of contrast media and diets that address limitations of current VFSS protocols...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162769/cord-blood-biomarkers-of-placental-maternal-vascular-underperfusion-predict-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-associated-pulmonary-hypertension
#12
Karen K Mestan, Nina Gotteiner, Nicolas Porta, William Grobman, Emily J Su, Linda M Ernst
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether cord blood biomarkers associated with placental maternal vascular underperfusion (MVU) are predictive of bronchopulmonary dysplasia-associated pulmonary hypertension (BPD-PH). STUDY DESIGN: Premature infants enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study were randomly sampled from 4 gestational age strata (n = 190, range 23-36 weeks). Fifteen factors from a human angiogenesis panel were measured in cord blood using multiplex immunoassay...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153660/attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-vs-repeat-cesarean-in-the-second-stage-among-women-undergoing-a-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-delivery
#13
Moeun Son, Archana Roy, William A Grobman
BACKGROUND: It is not well-characterized whether attempting operative vaginal delivery is a safe and effective alternative among women who undergo a trial of labor after cesarean delivery who are unable to complete second-stage labor with a spontaneous vaginal delivery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes that are associated with attempted operative vaginal delivery with those that are associated with second-stage repeat cesarean delivery without an operative vaginal delivery attempt among women who undergo a trial of labor after cesarean delivery...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056690/2017-guidelines-of-the-american-thyroid-association-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-thyroid-disease-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum
#14
Erik K Alexander, Elizabeth N Pearce, Gregory A Brent, Rosalind S Brown, Herbert Chen, Chrysoula Dosiou, William A Grobman, Peter Laurberg, John H Lazarus, Susan J Mandel, Robin P Peeters, Scott Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Thyroid disease in pregnancy is a common clinical problem. Since the guidelines for the management of these disorders by the American Thyroid Association (ATA) were first published in 2011, significant clinical and scientific advances have occurred in the field. The aim of these guidelines is to inform clinicians, patients, researchers, and health policy makers on published evidence relating to the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease in women during pregnancy, preconception, and the postpartum period...
March 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960618/histologic-changes-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-repair-of-tympanic-membrane-perforation
#15
Stefania Goncalves, Esperanza Bas, Michael Langston, Ariel Grobman, Bradley J Goldstein, Simon Angeli
CONCLUSION: Mesenchymal stem-cells are good candidates for cell-therapy of chronic tympanic membranes perforations. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of cell-based therapy in tympanic membrane perforations. METHODS: Young C57BL/6 mice were anesthetized with intraperitoneal administration of ketamine and xylazine and randomly divided into three groups (n = 4 ears/group) that underwent bilateral sub-total pars tensa perforations of equal sizes using a sterile 27-gauge needle under a surgical microscope...
December 14, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939467/a-protocol-for-developing-disseminating-and-implementing-a-core-outcome-set-for-pre-eclampsia
#16
James M N Duffy, Janneke van 't Hooft, Chris Gale, Mark Brown, William Grobman, Ray Fitzpatrick, S Ananth Karumanchi, Nuala Lucas, Laura Magee, Ben Mol, Michael Stark, Shakila Thangaratinam, Mathew Wilson, Peter von Dadelszen, Paula Williamson, Khalid S Khan, Sue Ziebland, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy and contributes to maternal and offspring mortality and morbidity. Randomised controlled trials evaluating therapeutic interventions for pre-eclampsia have reported many different outcomes and outcome measures. Such variation contributes to an inability to compare, contrast, and combine individual studies, limiting the usefulness of research to inform clinical practice. The development and use of a core outcome set would help to address these issues ensuring outcomes important to all stakeholders, including patients, will be collected and reported in a standardised fashion...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926645/association-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Francesca L Facco, Corette B Parker, Uma M Reddy, Robert M Silver, Matthew A Koch, Judette M Louis, Robert C Basner, Judith H Chung, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Grace W Pien, Susan Redline, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Brian M Mercer, Samuel Parry, Daniel Mobley, Shannon Hunter, George R Saade, Frank P Schubert, Phyllis C Zee
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy is a risk factor for the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, nulliparous women underwent in-home sleep-disordered breathing assessments in early (6-15 weeks of gestation) and midpregnancy (22-31 weeks of gestation). Participants and health care providers were blinded to the sleep test results...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830971/psychometric-properties-of-stress-and-anxiety-measures-among-nulliparous-women
#18
Carla M Bann, Corette B Parker, William A Grobman, Marian Willinger, Hyagriv N Simhan, Deborah A Wing, David M Haas, Robert M Silver, Samuel Parry, George R Saade, Ronald J Wapner, Michal A Elovitz, Emily S Miller, Uma M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of three measures, the perceived stress scale (PSS), pregnancy experience scale (PES), and state trait anxiety inventory (STAI), for assessing stress and anxiety during pregnancy among a large sample of nulliparous women. METHODS: The sample included 10,002 pregnant women participating in the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be (nMoM2b). Internal consistency reliability was assessed with Cronbach's alpha and factorial validity with confirmatory factor analyses...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824768/relationship-between-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-and-neonatal-adiposity-in-women-with-mild-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Sean C Blackwell, Mark B Landon, Lisa Mele, Uma M Reddy, Brian M Casey, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, Dwight J Rouse, John M Thorp, Anthony Sciscione, Patrick Catalano, George Saade, Steve N Caritis, Yoram Sorokin, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships among excessive gestational weight gain, neonatal adiposity, and adverse obstetric outcomes in women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized clinical trial of women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus. Based on self-reported prepregnancy body weight, gestational weight gain was categorized as excessive if it was greater than 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752158/-application-of-seven-prediction-models-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-in-a-chinese-hospital
#20
T Mu, Y Wang, G L Liu, J L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the seven existing vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) screening tools and to identify additional factors that may predict VBAC or failed trial of labor in China. METHODS: In the study, 53 patients with 1 previous cesarean delivery who then delivered between January 1, 2007 and Novenber 31, 2014 were recruited. The average age of the patients was (32.1±3.5) years,the average gestational age was (38.0±2.3) weeks. There was no significant difference of the successful group and the failed group in the maternal/neonatal mortality and morbidity, also in the incidence of the postpartum hemorrhage and the postpartum infection...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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