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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324613/racial-disparities-in-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-and-psychosocial-stress
#1
William A Grobman, Corette B Parker, Marian Willinger, Deborah A Wing, Robert M Silver, Ronald J Wapner, Hyagriv N Simhan, Samuel Parry, Brian M Mercer, David M Haas, Alan M Peaceman, Shannon Hunter, Pathik Wadhwa, Michal A Elovitz, Tatiana Foroud, George Saade, Uma M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between self-reported psychosocial stress and preterm birth, hypertensive disease of pregnancy, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to assess the extent to which these relationships account for racial and ethnic disparities in these adverse outcomes. METHODS: Self-reported measures of psychosocial stress (perceived stress, depression, racism, anxiety, resilience, and social support) were collected during pregnancy among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of women enrolled in a prospective observational study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies, from eight clinical sites across the United States, between October 2010 and May 2014...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305526/associations-of-neighbourhood-crime-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-women-in-chicago-analysis-of-electronic-health-records-from-2009-to-2013
#2
Stephanie L Mayne, Lindsay R Pool, William A Grobman, Kiarri N Kershaw
BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcomes are associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among mothers and future health problems of offspring. Neighbourhood crime may contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes by increasing chronic stress, yet the association has been relatively understudied. METHODS: Electronic health records from 34 383 singleton births at a single hospital in Chicago (2009-2013) were geocoded and linked to 1-year rates of police-recorded crime at the neighbourhood (Chicago community area) level...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247117/preterm-birth-and-future-childbearing-more-questions-than-answers
#3
Ashish Premkumar, William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229362/french-validation-and-adaptation-of-the-grobman-nomogram-for-prediction-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#4
Jean-Baptiste Haumonte, Mélina Raylet, Marie Christophe, Franck Mauviel, Armelle Bertrand, Raoul Desbriere, Claude d'Ercole
OBJECTIVE: To validate Grobman nomogram for predict vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) in a French population and adapt it. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study of maternal and obstetric factors associated with VBAC between May 2012 and May 2013 in 6 maternity. External validation and adaptation of the prenatal and intrapartum Grobman nomograms for vaginal birth prediction after cesarean delivery in a French cohort RESULTS: The study included 523 women with previous cesarean deliveries; 70% underwent a trial of labor for a subsequent delivery (n=367) with a success rate of 65% (n=240)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183819/smfm-special-report-reducing-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-a-call-to-action
#5
Joses A Jain, Lorene A Temming, Mary E D'Alton, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Methodius Tuuli, Judette M Louis, Sindhu K Srinivas, Aaron B Caughey, William A Grobman, Mark Hehir, Elizabeth Howell, George R Saade, Alan T N Tita, Laura E Riley
Racial and ethnic disparities in maternal morbidity and mortality are an important public health problem in the United States. As racial and ethnic minorities are expected to comprise over one half of the U.S. population by 2050, this issue that must be urgently addressed. Research suggests that the drivers of health disparities occur at three levels: patient, provider, and system. Although we have recognized this issue and identified elements that contribute to it, knowledge must be converted into action to address it...
November 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155504/cervical-funneling-or-intra-amniotic-debris-and-preterm-birth-among-nulliparous-women-with-a-midtrimester-cervical-length-less-than-30-mm
#6
George R Saade, Elizabeth A Thom, William A Grobman, Jay D Iams, Brian M Mercer, Uma M Reddy, Alan T N Tita, Dwight J Rouse, Yoram Sorokin, Ronald J Wapner, Kenneth J Leveno, Sean C Blackwell, M Sean Esplin, Jorge E Tolosa, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, J Peter VanDorsten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the presence of cervical funneling or intra-amniotic debris identified in the second trimester is associated with higher rates of preterm birth (PTB) in asymptomatic nulliparous women with a midtrimester cervical length (CL) less than 30 mm (i.e., less than the 10(th) percentile). METHODS: A secondary cohort analysis of a multicenter trial of women between 16 and 22 weeks with a singleton gestation and a CL less than 30 mm by transvaginal ultrasound randomized to either 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate or placebo...
November 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138035/defining-failed-induction-of-labor
#7
William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Yinglei Lai, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: While there are well-accepted standards for the diagnosis of arrested active-phase labor, the definition of a "failed" induction of labor remains less certain. One approach to diagnosing a failed induction is based on the duration of the latent phase. However, a standard for the minimum duration that the latent phase of a labor induction should continue, absent acute maternal or fetal indications for cesarean delivery, remains lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes as a function of the duration of the latent phase among nulliparous women undergoing labor induction...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131898/association-of-maternal-obesity-with-longitudinal-ultrasonographic-measures-of-fetal-growth-findings-from-the-nichd-fetal-growth-studies-singletons
#8
Cuilin Zhang, Mary L Hediger, Paul S Albert, Jagteshwar Grewal, Anthony Sciscione, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Roger B Newman, Ronald Wapner, Mary E D'Alton, Daniel Skupski, Michael P Nageotte, Angela C Ranzini, John Owen, Edward K Chien, Sabrina Craigo, Sungduk Kim, Katherine L Grantz, Germaine M Buck Louis
Importance: Despite the increasing prevalence of pregravid obesity, systematic evaluation of the association of maternal obesity with fetal growth trajectories is lacking. Objective: To characterize differences in fetal growth trajectories between obese and nonobese pregnant women, and to identify the timing of any observed differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons study enrolled cohorts of pregnant women at 12 US health care institutions...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112669/prediction-is-very-difficult-especially-if-it-is-about-the-future
#9
William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108640/placental-abnormalities-associated-with-isolated-single-umbilical-artery-in-small-for-gestational-age-births
#10
Ashley N Battarbee, Anna Palatnik, Linda M Ernst, William A Grobman
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that pregnancies complicated by placentas with an isolated single umbilical artery (iSUA) are at increased risk for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births. The etiology of SGA in this population, however, remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate whether placental abnormalities in pregnancies with SGA births differ according to the presence of iSUA. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational study of all women with pathologic examination of the placenta after delivering a non-anomalous, singleton SGA neonate between January 2009 and August 2015...
November 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103318/prospective-parents-perspectives-on-antenatal-decision-making-for-the-anticipated-birth-of-a-periviable-infant
#11
Brownsyne Tucker Edmonds, Teresa A Savage, Robert E Kimura, Sarah J Kilpatrick, Miriam Kuppermann, William Grobman, Karen Kavanaugh
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospective parents' perceptions of management options and outcomes in the context of threatened periviable delivery, and the values they apply in making antenatal decisions during this period. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of 46 antenatal interviews conducted at three tertiary-care hospitals with 54 prospective parents (40 pregnant women, 14 partners) who had received counseling for threatened periviable delivery (40 cases). RESULTS: Participants most often recalled being involved in resuscitation, cerclage, and delivery mode decisions...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073768/educating-parents-about-infant-language-development-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Dana L Suskind, Christy Y Y Leung, Robert J Webber, Alison C Hundertmark, Kristin R Leffel, Iara E Fuenmayor Rivas, William A Grobman
A total of 427 women (aged 18-45 years) who delivered a singleton neonate without serious medical complications were randomized to watch either an educational intervention (n = 225) or the sudden infant death syndrome (n = 202) video. Linear mixed models showed that the intervention women significantly gained knowledge over time. Knowledge gain was largest among high-socioeconomic status (high-SES) and middle-SES English-speaking, smaller among low-SES Spanish-speaking, and nonsignificant among low-SES English-speaking women...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025016/cohort-profile-nichd-fetal-growth-studies-singletons-and-twins
#13
Jagteshwar Grewal, Katherine L Grantz, Cuilin Zhang, Anthony Sciscione, Deborah A Wing, William A Grobman, Roger B Newman, Ronald Wapner, Mary E D'Alton, Daniel Skupski, Michael P Nageotte, Angela C Ranzini, John Owen, Edward K Chien, Sabrina Craigo, Paul S Albert, Sungduk Kim, Mary L Hediger, Germaine M Buck Louis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978539/maternal-weight-gain-and-associations-with-longitudinal-fetal-growth-in-dichorionic-twin-pregnancies-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Stefanie N Hinkle, Mary L Hediger, Sungduk Kim, Paul S Albert, William Grobman, Roger B Newman, Deborah A Wing, Jagteshwar Grewal, Cuilin Zhang, Germaine M Buck Louis, Katherine L Grantz
Background: Maternal metabolic demands are much greater with twin gestations; however, there are no accepted recommendations for maternal weight gain in twin pregnancies.Objective: We assessed the association of maternal weight gain and fetal growth in dichorionic twins throughout pregnancy.Design: This was a prospective US cohort study (n = 143, 2012-2013) of dichorionic twin pregnancies with known birth outcomes followed from enrollment (11-13 wk) and for ≤6 research visits throughout gestation. Maternal prepregnancy weight was self-reported, and current weight was measured at each research visit and abstracted from prenatal records...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960393/combined-influence-of-gestational-weight-gain-and-estimated-fetal-weight-on-risk-assessment-for-small-or-large-for-gestational-age-birth-weight-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Sarah J Pugh, Stefanie N Hinkle, Sungduk Kim, Paul S Albert, Roger Newman, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the frequency with which gestational weight gain and estimated fetal weight do not track across gestation and to assess the risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) birth weight as a function of tracking. METHODS: This study included a pregnancy cohort (2009-2013) of 2438 women from 4 racial/ethnic groups in the United States. We calculated race- and trimester-specific gestational weight gain and estimated fetal weight z scores...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931404/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-reduce-major-perinatal-morbidity-among-women-with-one-prior-cesarean-delivery-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-prisma-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
N Chaillet, E Bujold, B Masse, W A Grobman, P Rozenberg, J C Pasquier, A Shorten, M Johri, F Beaudoin, H Abenhaim, S Demers, W Fraser, M Dugas, S Blouin, E Dubé, R Gauthier
BACKGROUND: Rates of cesarean delivery are continuously increasing in industrialized countries, with repeated cesarean accounting for about a third of all cesareans. Women who have undergone a first cesarean are facing a difficult choice for their next pregnancy, i.e.: (1) to plan for a second cesarean delivery, associated with higher risk of maternal complications than vaginal delivery; or (b) to have a trial of labor (TOL) with the aim to achieve a vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) and to accept a significant, but rare, risk of uterine rupture and its related maternal and neonatal complications...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925085/18-f-fdg-pet-ct-as-adjunctive-diagnostic-modalities-in-canine-fever-of-unknown-origin
#17
Megan Grobman, Leah Cohn, Stephanie Knapp, Jeffrey N Bryan, Carol Reinero
Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is a persistent or recurrent fever for which the underlying source has not been identified despite diagnostic investigation. In people, 18 F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18 F-FDG-PET) alone or in combination with computed tomography (CT) is often beneficial in detecting the source of fever when other diagnostics have failed. Veterinary reports describing use of these modalities in animals with fever of unknown origin are currently lacking. Aims of this retrospective case series were to describe 18 F-FDG-PET or 18 F-FDG-PET/CT findings in a group of dogs with fever of unknown origin...
September 18, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915515/the-association-of-decision-to-incision-time-for-cesarean-delivery-with-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#18
William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Grecio Sandoval, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George R Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894829/the-effect-of-n-acetyl-cysteine-on-recovery-of-the-facial-nerve-after-crush-injury
#19
Andrew Rivera, Mallory Raymond, Ariel Grobman, Marianne Abouyared, Simon I Angeli
OBJECTIVE: Facial nerve dysfunction can vary in severity and recovery is dependent on the character of the injury. N-acetyl-cysteine prevents oxidative stress and cellular damage, and its use in the setting of nerve dysfunction from crush injury has not yet been established. In this study, rats with facial nerve crush injury will be treated with n-acetyl-cysteine or control and functional recovery and electrophysiologic outcome will be compared. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized animal study...
June 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863031/association-between-intrapartum-magnesium-administration-and-the-incidence-of-maternal-fever-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#20
Elizabeth M S Lange, Scott Segal, Carlo Pancaro, Cynthia A Wong, William A Grobman, Gregory B Russell, Paloma Toledo
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum maternal fever is associated with several adverse neonatal outcomes. Intrapartum fever can be infectious or inflammatory in etiology. Increases in interleukin 6 and other inflammatory markers are associated with maternal fever. Magnesium has been shown to attenuate interleukin 6-mediated fever in animal models. We hypothesized that parturients exposed to intrapartum magnesium would have a lower incidence of fever than nonexposed parturients. METHODS: In this study, electronic medical record data from all deliveries at Northwestern Memorial Hospital (Chicago, Illinois) between 2007 and 2014 were evaluated...
December 2017: Anesthesiology
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