keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

autobiographical memory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230384/familiar-real-world-spatial-cues-provide-memory-benefits-in-older-and-younger-adults
#1
Jessica Robin, Morris Moscovitch
Episodic memory, future thinking, and memory for scenes have all been proposed to rely on the hippocampus, and evidence suggests that these all decline in healthy aging. Despite this age-related memory decline, studies examining the effects of context reinstatement on episodic memory have demonstrated that reinstating elements of the encoding context of an event leads to better memory retrieval in both younger and older adults. The current study was designed to test whether more familiar, real-world contexts, such as locations that participants visited often, would improve the detail richness and vividness of memory for scenes, autobiographical events, and imagination of future events in young and older adults...
February 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214766/direct-and-generative-retrieval-of-autobiographical-memories-the-roles-of-visual-imagery-and-executive-processes
#2
Rachel J Anderson, Stephen A Dewhurst, Graham M Dean
Two experiments used a dual task methodology to investigate the role of visual imagery and executive resources in the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. In Experiment 1, dynamic visual noise led to a reduction in the number of specific memories retrieved in response to both high and low imageability cues, but did not affect retrieval times. In Experiment 2, irrelevant pictures reduced the number of specific memories but only in response to low imageability cues. Irrelevant pictures also increased response times to both high and low imageability cues...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210930/emotion-specific-nocebo-effects-an-fmri-study
#3
Anne Schienle, Carina Höfler, Sonja Übel, Albert Wabnegger
The neurobiological mechanisms of nocebos are still poorly understood. Thirty-eight women participated in a 'smell study' using functional magnetic resonance imaging. They were presented with an odorless stimulus (distilled water) together with the verbal suggestion that this fluid has an aversive odor which enhances disgust feelings. The nocebo was presented while the participants viewed disgusting, fear-inducing, and neutral images. Participants' affective and neuronal responses during nocebo administration were compared with those in a control condition without nocebo...
February 16, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187371/the-psychological-distance-of-memories-examining-causal-relations-with-mood-and-self-esteem-in-young-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#4
Burcu Demiray, Alexandra M Freund
Three studies examined the self-enhancement function of autobiographical memory (measured with subjective temporal distance of memories). Participants recalled a memory of an attained and a failed goal and rated the subjective distance between each memory and the present. Study 1 showed that young adults with higher self-esteem felt closer to memories of attained goals and farther from failure memories than those with lower self-esteem. In Study 2, young, middle-aged and older adults with higher self-esteem felt closer to success memories, whereas self-esteem was unrelated to the temporal distance of failure memories...
February 7, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187309/eye-movement-during-retrieval-of-emotional-autobiographical-memories
#5
Mohamad El Haj, Jean-Louis Nandrino, Pascal Antoine, Muriel Boucart, Quentin Lenoble
This study assessed whether specific eye movement patterns are observed during emotional autobiographical retrieval. Participants were asked to retrieve positive, negative and neutral memories while their scan path was recorded by an eye-tracker. Results showed that positive and negative emotional memories triggered more fixations and saccades but shorter fixation duration than neutral memories. No significant differences were observed between emotional and neutral memories for duration and amplitude of saccades...
February 7, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179554/are-there-multiple-kinds-of-episodic-memory-an-fmri-investigation-comparing-autobiographical-and-recognition-memory-tasks
#6
Hung-Yu Chen, Adrian W Gilmore, Steven M Nelson, Kathleen B McDermott
What brain regions underlie retrieval from episodic memory? The bulk of research addressing this question with fMRI has relied upon recognition memory for materials encoded within the laboratory. Another, less dominant tradition has employed autobiographical methods, whereby people recall events from their lifetime, often after being cued with words or pictures. The current study addressed how the neural substrates of successful memory retrieval differ as a function of the targeted memory when the experimental parameters were held constant in the two conditions (except for instructions)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171831/discrepancy-between-subjective-autobiographical-reliving-and-objective-recall-the-past-as-seen-by-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#7
Mohamad El Haj, Pascal Antoine
This paper investigated whether Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients may demonstrate a discrepancy between subjective autobiographical reliving and objective recall. To this end, 31 AD patients and 35 controls were asked to retrieve three autobiographical memories. For each memory, participants were asked to rate its subjective characteristics (e.g., reliving, travel in time, visual imagery…). Besides this subjective assessment, we analyzed recall objectively with regard to specificity. Results showed poorer subjective autobiographical reliving and objective recall in AD patients than in controls...
February 4, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163368/creating-memories-for-false-autobiographical-events-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#8
Chris R Brewin, Bernice Andrews
Using a framework that distinguishes autobiographical belief, recollective experience, and confidence in memory, we review three major paradigms used to suggest false childhood events to adults: imagination inflation, false feedback and memory implantation. Imagination inflation and false feedback studies increase the belief that a suggested event occurred by a small amount such that events are still thought unlikely to have happened. In memory implantation studies, some recollective experience for the suggested events is induced on average in 47% of participants, but only in 15% are these experiences likely to be rated as full memories...
January 2017: Applied Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152153/aspects-of-self-and-identity-in-narrations-about-recent-events-communication-with-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease-enabled-by-a-digital-photograph-diary
#9
Eva Karlsson, Karin Zingmark, Karin Axelsson, Stefan Sävenstedt
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149509/music-therapy-is-a-potential-intervention-for-cognition-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-mini-review
#10
REVIEW
Rong Fang, Shengxuan Ye, Jiangtao Huangfu, David P Calimag
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a global health issue given the increasing prevalence rate and the limitations of drug effects. As a consequent, non-pharmacological interventions are of importance. Music therapy (MT) is a non-pharmacological way with a long history of use and a fine usability for dementia patients. In this review, we will summarize different techniques, diverse clinical trials, and the mechanisms of MT as it is helpful to the cognition in AD, providing reference for future research. Many articles have demonstrated that MT can reduce cognitive decline especially in autobiographical and episodic memories, psychomotor speed, executive function domains, and global cognition...
2017: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142025/describe-yourself-to-improve-your-autobiographical-memory-a-study-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Mohamad El Haj, Pascal Antoine
This study investigated whether retrieval of information related to conceptual self (i.e., self-images that encompass general factual and evaluative knowledge of one's identity) would improve autobiographical memory in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Participants with AD and controls were asked to retrieve autobiographical memories after providing statements to the question "Who am I? and after a control condition consisting of reading a general text. Autobiographical recall was analyzed with respect to specificity (general vs specific event), context recall (information describing the "when, where, and who" as well as affective states), and reliving (the subjective experience of recall)...
January 12, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138830/attempts-to-suppress-episodic-memories-fail-but-do-produce-demand-evidence-from-the-p300-based-complex-trial-protocol-and-an-implicit-memory-test
#12
Anne C Ward, J Peter Rosenfeld
Instructions to voluntarily suppress memories of a mock crime have been reported to result in decreased P300 amplitude during a P300-based concealed information test (CIT) and reduced autobiographical Implicit Association Test (aIAT) D scores, supporting successful suppression. However, one such study, (Hu et al., Psychological science 26(7):1098-1106, 2015) used the P300-based Complex Trial Protocol with a 50-50 target to nontarget ratio, which could impose much response switching and thereby drain cognitive resources, also resulting in reduced P300...
January 30, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100728/direct-cortical-stimulation-of-human-posteromedial-cortex
#13
Brett L Foster, Josef Parvizi
BACKGROUND: The posteromedial cortex (PMC) is a collective term for an anatomically heterogeneous area of the brain constituting a core node of the human default mode network (DMN), which is engaged during internally focused subjective cognition such as autobiographical memory. METHODS: We explored the effects of causal perturbations of PMC with direct electric brain stimulation (EBS) during presurgical epilepsy monitoring with intracranial EEG electrodes. RESULTS: Data were collected from 885 stimulations in 25 patients implanted with intracranial electrodes across the PMC...
January 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081495/emotional-intensity-in-episodic-autobiographical-memory-and-counterfactual-thinking
#14
Matthew L Stanley, Natasha Parikh, Gregory W Stewart, Felipe De Brigard
Episodic counterfactual thoughts-imagined alternative ways in which personal past events might have occurred-are frequently accompanied by intense emotions. Here, participants recollected positive and negative autobiographical memories and then generated better and worse episodic counterfactual events from those memories. Our results suggest that the projected emotional intensity during the simulated remembered/imagined event is significantly higher than but typically positively related to the emotional intensity while remembering/imagining the event...
February 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077270/instructions-to-suppress-semantic-memory-enhances-or-has-no-effect-on-p300-in-a-concealed-information-test-cit
#15
J Peter Rosenfeld, Anne Ward, Jesse Drapekin, Elena Labkovsky, Samuel Tullman
The present study investigated the extent to which people can suppress semantic memory as indexed with the P300 ERP and the autobiographical implicit association test (aIAT). In EXP 1, participants (22) were run in a counterbalanced repeated measures study in both simply knowledgeable (SK) and knowledgeable with suppression (SP) conditions. A P300-based, concealed information test ("Complex Trial Protocol"; CTP) with a 50/50 Target/Nontarget (T/NT) ratio was given both with and without instructions to suppress semantic memories...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070792/wearable-cameras-are-useful-tools-to-investigate-and-remediate-autobiographical-memory-impairment-a-systematic-prisma-review
#16
REVIEW
Mélissa C Allé, Liliann Manning, Jevita Potheegadoo, Romain Coutelle, Jean-Marie Danion, Fabrice Berna
Autobiographical memory, central in human cognition and every day functioning, enables past experienced events to be remembered. A variety of disorders affecting autobiographical memory are characterized by the difficulty of retrieving specific detailed memories of past personal events. Owing to the impact of autobiographical memory impairment on patients' daily life, it is necessary to better understand these deficits and develop relevant methods to improve autobiographical memory. The primary objective of the present systematic PRISMA review was to give an overview of the first empirical evidence of the potential of wearable cameras in autobiographical memory investigation in remediating autobiographical memory impairments...
January 9, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065428/the-proust-phenomenon-odor-evoked-autobiographical-memories-triggered-by-direct-amygdala-stimulation-in-human
#17
Fabrice Bartolomei, Stanislas Lagarde, Samuel Médina Villalon, Aileen McGonigal, Christian G Benar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038387/on-the-nose-olfactory-disturbances-in-patients-with-transient-epileptic-amnesia
#18
Sharon A Savage, Christopher R Butler, Fraser Milton, Yang Han, Adam Z Zeman
OBJECTIVE: While olfactory hallucinations are relatively rare in epilepsy, a high prevalence (up to 42%) has been reported in one form - Transient Epileptic Amnesia (TEA). TEA is characterized by recurring amnestic seizures and is commonly associated with persistent interictal memory deficits. Despite reports of changes in smell, olfactory ability has not been objectively assessed in this group. The aim of this study was to measure olfactory ability in patients with TEA and explore whether olfactory symptoms relate to other clinical variables...
December 27, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031146/visual-perspective-during-remembering-erp-evidence-of-familiarity-based-source-monitoring
#19
P Andrew Leynes, Ben Askin, Joshua D Landau
Autobiographical recollections are accompanied by visual perspectives that can be either a view through the person's own eyes (first-person) or a view that integrates visual characteristics of the rememberer into the reconstructed scene (third-person). Some have argued that a third-person perspective serves as a coping mechanism allowing the person to distance themselves from details of painful memories. The study reported here created first- and third-person memories in a novel experimental paradigm. Later, participants discriminated between these perspectives on a source memory test while event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded...
December 10, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013087/psychometric-properties-of-the-written-version-of-the-autobiographical-memory-test-in-a-japanese-community-sample
#20
Keisuke Takano, Masaki Mori, Yuki Nishiguchi, Jun Moriya, Filip Raes
The autobiographical memory test (AMT) is a widely used measure to assess the specificity of autobiographical memories. Reduced Autobiographical Memory Specificity (AMS) or increased overgeneralization of memories is considered as a cognitive hallmark of depression. Therefore, reduced AMS is the subject of much psychopathological research, and is a promising target for psychological interventions. Although considerable evidence has been gathered on the clinical relevance of reduced AMS over the past decades, studies on AMS have been mainly conducted in Western populations, and few have been conducted in Asian populations...
December 16, 2016: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
45570
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"