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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081495/emotional-intensity-in-episodic-autobiographical-memory-and-counterfactual-thinking
#1
Matthew L Stanley, Natasha Parikh, Gregory W Stewart, Felipe De Brigard
Episodic counterfactual thoughts-imagined alternative ways in which personal past events might have occurred-are frequently accompanied by intense emotions. Here, participants recollected positive and negative autobiographical memories and then generated better and worse episodic counterfactual events from those memories. Our results suggest that the projected emotional intensity during the simulated remembered/imagined event is significantly higher than but typically positively related to the emotional intensity while remembering/imagining the event...
January 9, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077270/instructions-to-suppress-semantic-memory-enhances-or-has-no-effect-on-p300-in-a-concealed-information-test-cit
#2
J Peter Rosenfeld, Anne Ward, Jesse Drapekin, Elena Labkovsky, Samuel Tullman
The present study investigated the extent to which people can suppress semantic memory as indexed with the P300 ERP and the autobiographical implicit association test (aIAT). In EXP 1, participants (22) were run in a counterbalanced repeated measures study in both simply knowledgeable (SK) and knowledgeable with suppression (SP) conditions. A P300-based, concealed information test ("Complex Trial Protocol"; CTP) with a 50/50 Target/Nontarget (T/NT) ratio was given both with and without instructions to suppress semantic memories...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070792/wearable-cameras-are-useful-tools-to-investigate-and-remediate-autobiographical-memory-impairment-a-systematic-prisma-review
#3
REVIEW
Mélissa C Allé, Liliann Manning, Jevita Potheegadoo, Romain Coutelle, Jean-Marie Danion, Fabrice Berna
Autobiographical memory, central in human cognition and every day functioning, enables past experienced events to be remembered. A variety of disorders affecting autobiographical memory are characterized by the difficulty of retrieving specific detailed memories of past personal events. Owing to the impact of autobiographical memory impairment on patients' daily life, it is necessary to better understand these deficits and develop relevant methods to improve autobiographical memory. The primary objective of the present systematic PRISMA review was to give an overview of the first empirical evidence of the potential of wearable cameras in autobiographical memory investigation in remediating autobiographical memory impairments...
January 9, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065428/the-proust-phenomenon-odor-evoked-autobiographical-memories-triggered-by-direct-amygdala-stimulation-in-human
#4
Fabrice Bartolomei, Stanislas Lagarde, Samuel Médina Villalon, Aileen McGonigal, Christian G Benar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038387/on-the-nose-olfactory-disturbances-in-patients-with-transient-epileptic-amnesia
#5
Sharon A Savage, Christopher R Butler, Fraser Milton, Yang Han, Adam Z Zeman
OBJECTIVE: While olfactory hallucinations are relatively rare in epilepsy, a high prevalence (up to 42%) has been reported in one form - Transient Epileptic Amnesia (TEA). TEA is characterized by recurring amnestic seizures and is commonly associated with persistent interictal memory deficits. Despite reports of changes in smell, olfactory ability has not been objectively assessed in this group. The aim of this study was to measure olfactory ability in patients with TEA and explore whether olfactory symptoms relate to other clinical variables...
December 27, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031146/visual-perspective-during-remembering-erp-evidence-of-familiarity-based-source-monitoring
#6
P Andrew Leynes, Ben Askin, Joshua D Landau
Autobiographical recollections are accompanied by visual perspectives that can be either a view through the person's own eyes (first-person) or a view that integrates visual characteristics of the rememberer into the reconstructed scene (third-person). Some have argued that a third-person perspective serves as a coping mechanism allowing the person to distance themselves from details of painful memories. The study reported here created first- and third-person memories in a novel experimental paradigm. Later, participants discriminated between these perspectives on a source memory test while event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded...
December 10, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013087/psychometric-properties-of-the-written-version-of-the-autobiographical-memory-test-in-a-japanese-community-sample
#7
Keisuke Takano, Masaki Mori, Yuki Nishiguchi, Jun Moriya, Filip Raes
The autobiographical memory test (AMT) is a widely used measure to assess the specificity of autobiographical memories. Reduced Autobiographical Memory Specificity (AMS) or increased overgeneralization of memories is considered as a cognitive hallmark of depression. Therefore, reduced AMS is the subject of much psychopathological research, and is a promising target for psychological interventions. Although considerable evidence has been gathered on the clinical relevance of reduced AMS over the past decades, studies on AMS have been mainly conducted in Western populations, and few have been conducted in Asian populations...
December 16, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011372/my-life-as-a-pupil-the-autobiographical-memories-of-adolescents-excluded-from-school
#8
Shaalan Farouk
Narrative psychology is founded on the premise that substantial insight can be gained into individuals' self-understanding and behaviour by studying the content of their autobiographical memories. This article contributes to this field of inquiry by suggesting that our understanding of adolescents' exclusion from mainstream education can be enhanced by examining their recollections of school using a narrative dialogical approach. In a research project the autobiographical memories of fifteen female and twenty male students, aged 15-16 years, who had been excluded from secondary schools in London, England were collected and analysed...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996964/multi-echo-fmri-replication-sample-of-autobiographical-memory-prospection-and-theory-of-mind-reasoning-tasks
#9
Elizabeth DuPre, Wen-Ming Luh, R Nathan Spreng
The default network is involved in self-generated thought, a class of cognition that includes autobiographical memory, prospection, and reasoning about the mental states of others. We collected a replication sample of Spreng and Grady (J Cogn. Neurosci. 22, 1112-1123, 2010), confirming that the default network differentially supports each of these forms of self-generated thought. Here we describe this dataset of multi-echo fMRI data in 31 young adults during autobiographical remembering, imagining, and mentalizing; we also provide an additional resting-state scan for each subject...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992889/autobiographical-memory-and-its-meaning-in-selected-mental-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Anna Rybak-Korneluk, Hubert M Wichowicz, Krzysztof Żuk, Maciej Dziurkowski
This paper presents the general characteristics of the phenomenon of autobiographical memory (AM), the current knowledge of the subject and describes hitherto identified distortions of AM in mental disorders.AM is the part of memory concerning the personal past of an individual. It includes episodic and semantic memories associated with an identity. It affects an activity and structuring of goals, it is set in human experience and emotions and it helps in creating plans. The evolutionary sig-nificance of AM is probably to facilitate short-term goal-oriented behaviors by comparing them with the previous ones...
October 31, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989780/shifting-visual-perspective-during-retrieval-shapes-autobiographical-memories
#11
Peggy L St Jacques, Karl K Szpunar, Daniel L Schacter
The dynamic and flexible nature of memories is evident in our ability to adopt multiple visual perspectives. Although autobiographical memories are typically encoded from the visual perspective of our own eyes they can be retrieved from the perspective of an observer looking at our self. Here, we examined the neural mechanisms of shifting visual perspective during long-term memory retrieval and its influence on online and subsequent memories using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Participants generated specific autobiographical memories from the last five years and rated their visual perspective...
December 15, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989514/the-effect-of-cortisol-on-autobiographical-memory-retrieval-depends-on-remoteness-and-valence-of-memories
#12
Juliane Fleischer, Juliane Weber, Julian Hellmann-Regen, Moritz Düsenberg, Oliver T Wolf, Christian Otte, Katja Wingenfeld
There is evidence that specificity of autobiographical memory (AM) retrieval is impaired by cortisol. However, it is unknown whether glucocorticoids differentially influence the retrieval of recent versus remote AMs. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of cortisol on AM retrieval, in terms of memory specificity, with respect to remoteness of the retrieved memories. A placebo controlled, double blind study was conducted. Thirty female and 24 male healthy participants (mean age 24...
December 15, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976620/amnesia-memory-disturbances-and-epilepsy
#13
Bondish Kambaja, Sophie Dupont
The epileptic syndromes, notably the temporal lobe epilepsy, frequently include memory disturbances. These memory disturbances may occur during seizures, i.e. ictal memory disturbances, or between seizures, i.e. interictal memory disturbances. Two atypical clinical epileptic syndromes should be pointed out in the elderly: the transient epileptic amnesia and the epileptic pseudodementia. Both represent potentially reversible memory disturbances and have a treatment based on antiepileptic drugs. Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA) is a subtype of medial temporal lobe epilepsy with late onset...
December 1, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955802/-transient-epileptic-amnesia
#14
Audrey-Anne Fouchard, Karl Mondon, Bertrand De Toffol
Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA) is a sub-type of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, with amnesic seizures. TEA is characterized by recurrent episodes of amnesia. Diagnostic criteria are available for TEA, and these memory disturbances should not be misdiagnosed with transient global amnesia. The neuropsychological evaluation is normal, however, autobiographical memory impairment is present in 70% of the cases and accelerated long term forgetting in 44%. When a patient complains of memory disturbances, especially autobiographical memory, TEA must be considered especially if there was an amnesic episode and symptoms that suggest temporal epilepsia...
December 7, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940026/the-effect-of-cue-content-on-retrieval-from-autobiographical-memory
#15
Tugba Uzer, Norman R Brown
It has long been argued that personal memories are usually generated in an effortful search process in word-cueing studies. However, recent research (Uzer, Lee, & Brown, 2012) shows that direct retrieval of autobiographical memories, in response to word cues, is common. This invites the question of whether direct retrieval phenomenon is generalizable beyond the standard laboratory paradigm. Here we investigated prevalence of direct retrieval of autobiographical memories cued by specific and individuated cues versus generic cues...
January 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939361/d%C3%A3-j%C3%A3-vecu-for-news-events-but-not-personal-events-a-dissociation-between-autobiographical-and-non-autobiographical-episodic-memory-processing
#16
Martha S Turner, E Arthur Shores, Nora Breen, Max Coltheart
In déjà vu, the feeling that what we are currently experiencing we have experienced before is fleeting and is not accepted as true. In contrast, in déjà vecu or "recollective confabulation", the sense of déjà vu is persistent and convincing, and patients genuinely believe that they have lived through the current moment at some previous time. In previous reports of cases of déjà vecu, both personal events and non-personal, world events gave rise to this experience. In this paper we describe a patient whose déjà vecu experiences are entirely restricted to non-personal events, suggesting that autobiographical and non-autobiographical episodic memory processing can dissociate...
November 18, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936862/emotional-experience-in-patients-with-advanced-alzheimer-s-disease-from-the-perspective-of-families-professional-caregivers-physicians-and-scientists
#17
Cornelia R Karger
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this qualitative study was to gain insight into families' and professionals' understanding of the emotional experience in patients with advanced Alzheimer's disease. METHOD: A total of ten focus group interviews were carried out with 63 participants (relatives n = 20; caregivers n = 17; physicians n = 12; scientists n = 14) recruited using purposive sampling strategies. Each focus group was audiotaped, transcribed and analysed using the method of structured qualitative content analysis...
December 12, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932968/neurobiology-of-anorexia-nervosa-serotonin-dysfunctions-link-self-starvation-with-body-image-disturbances-through-an-impaired-body-memory
#18
REVIEW
Giuseppe Riva
The etiology of anorexia nervosa (AN) is still unclear, despite that it is a critical and potentially mortal illness. A recent neurobiological model considers AN as the outcome of dysfunctions in the neuronal processes related to appetite and emotionality (Kaye et al., 2009, 2013). However, this model still is not able to answer a critical question: What is behind body image disturbances (BIDs) in AN? The article starts its analysis from reviewing some of the studies exploring the effects of the serotonin systems in memory (episodic, working, and spatial) and its dysfunctions...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929343/autobiographical-memory-conjunction-errors-in-younger-and-older-adults-evidence-for-a-role-of-inhibitory-ability
#19
Aleea L Devitt, Lynette Tippett, Daniel L Schacter, Donna Rose Addis
Because of its reconstructive nature, autobiographical memory (AM) is subject to a range of distortions. One distortion involves the erroneous incorporation of features from one episodic memory into another, forming what are known as memory conjunction errors. Healthy aging has been associated with an enhanced susceptibility to conjunction errors for laboratory stimuli, yet it is unclear whether these findings translate to the autobiographical domain. We investigated the impact of aging on vulnerability to AM conjunction errors, and explored potential cognitive processes underlying the formation of these errors...
December 2016: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924682/developmental-changes-in-consistency-of-autobiographical-memories-adolescents-and-young-adults-repeated-recall-of-recent-and-distance-events
#20
Marina Larkina, Natalie A Merrill, Patricia J Bauer
Autobiographical memories contribute continuity and stability to one's self yet they also are subject to change: they can be forgotten or be inconsistently remembered and reported. In the present research, we compared the consistency of two reports of recent and distant personal events in adolescents (12- to 14-year-olds) and young adults (18- to 23-year-olds). In line with expectations of greater mnemonic consistency among young adults relative to adolescents, adolescents reported the same events 80% of the time compared with 90% consistency among young adults; the significant difference disappeared after taking into consideration narrative characteristics of individual memories...
December 7, 2016: Memory
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