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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720042/exotic-dancing-and-relationship-violence-exploring-indigeneity-gender-and-agency
#1
Jade Le Grice
How should we begin to explore the complex considerations influencing young Indigenous New Zealand Māori women's sexuality? Centring a Māori woman's analysis through a Mana Wāhine methodology, and utilising an Indigenous form of storying, pūrākau, I explore this question by attending to my autobiographical memory of experiences of exotic dancing and moments of violence in heterosexual relationships. The analysis provides critical reflection on the interchanges between individual experience and the social and cultural conditions of a reality, informed by colonisation and historical trauma...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718347/priming-involuntary-autobiographical-memories-in-the-lab
#2
Krystian Barzykowski, Agnieszka Niedźwieńska
Involuntary autobiographical memories (IAMs) are recollections of personal past that frequently and spontaneously occur in daily life. Initial studies by Mace ( 2005 ) showed that deliberately reminiscing about a certain lifetime period (e.g., high school) significantly increased the number of different IAMs from the same period in subsequent days, suggesting that priming may play a significant role in the retrieval of IAMs in everyday life. In the present study, we used a modified experimental paradigm, originally used by Schlagman and Kvavilashvili ( 2008 ), to study IAMs under well-controlled laboratory conditions...
July 18, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712947/cortical-dynamics-of-emotional-autobiographical-memory-retrieval-differ-between-women-and-men
#3
Joseph R Manns, Nicole L Varga, John B Trimper, Patricia J Bauer
Retrieval of autobiographical memories entails periods of search, access, and elaboration. Women's reports of their memories feature more detail and emotional content relative to men's. A key question is how these gender differences relate to unfolding changes in cortical activity during retrieval. We recorded EEG activity from 32 scalp electrodes as women and men were cued to retrieve positive, negative, and neutral autobiographical memories. Alpha (9-12Hz) oscillations were prominent at all EEG channels. Alpha coherence between channels was calculated as a measure of ms-level cortical synchrony...
July 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711591/touching-the-void-first-and-third-person-perspectives-in-two-cases-of-autobiographical-amnesia-linked-to-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#4
Adam Zeman, Marcus Byruck, Peter Tallis, Keith Vossel, Daniel Tranel
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) can be associated with a marked impairment of autobiographical memory. This is occasionally its presenting feature. We describe two individuals with severe epilepsy-associated autobiographical memory loss. Both MB and PT were reassured initially that their memory was intact on the basis of standard neuropsychological tests. Both have written detailed accounts of their symptoms. The key neuropsychological features of their cases are the relative normality of performance on standard memory tests, with preservation of semantic memory for impersonal information, in contrast to a profound amnesia for salient autobiographical episodes and an impoverishment of imaginative scene construction...
July 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710927/effects-of-brief-mindful-breathing-and-loving-kindness-meditation-on-shame-and-social-problem-solving-abilities-among-individuals-with-high-borderline-personality-traits
#5
Shian-Ling Keng, Jun Xian Tan
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe mental condition characterized by a range of cognitive and behavioral vulnerabilities, including chronic shame and deficits in social problem solving (SPS) abilities. Little research however, has examined strategies that may alleviate shame and SPS deficits among individuals with BPD traits. Using a laboratory experimental approach, the present study compared the effects of a brief mindfulness versus loving-kindness meditation (LKM) induction on shame and SPS abilities in a sample of adults with high BPD traits...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710907/distinct-contributions-of-the-fornix-and-inferior-longitudinal-fasciculus-to-episodic-and-semantic-autobiographical-memory
#6
Carl J Hodgetts, Mark Postans, Naomi Warne, Alice Varnava, Andrew D Lawrence, Kim S Graham
Autobiographical memory (AM) is multifaceted, incorporating the vivid retrieval of contextual detail (episodic AM), together with semantic knowledge that infuses meaning and coherence into past events (semantic AM). While neuropsychological evidence highlights a role for the hippocampus and anterior temporal lobe (ATL) in episodic and semantic AM, respectively, it is unclear whether these constitute dissociable large-scale AM networks. We used high angular resolution diffusion-weighted imaging and constrained spherical deconvolution-based tractography to assess white matter microstructure in 27 healthy young adult participants who were asked to recall past experiences using word cues...
June 20, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710601/the-effects-of-collective-and-personal-transitions-on-the-organization-and-contents-of-autobiographical-memory-in-older-chinese-adults
#7
Xuan Gu, Chi-Shing Tse, Norman R Brown
Life transitions like war, marriage, and immigration presumably organize autobiographical memory. Yet little is known about how the magnitude of a given transition affects this mnemonic impact. To examine this issue, we collected (a) word-cued events, (b) event-dating protocols, (c) personally important events, and (d) transitional impact scores of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) and important events from Chinese adults who had been adolescents during the revolution. There were three main findings. First, rusticated participants, who moved from cities to rural areas during the Cultural Revolution, dated autobiographical memories in relation to this collective transition more frequently than nonrusticated participants, with the former group reporting a greater material (but not psychological) change in their lives due to this collective transition than the latter group...
July 14, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697998/neural-and-behavioural-correlates-of-autobiographical-memory-retrieval-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-a-history-of-trauma-exposure
#8
Melissa Parlar, Maria Densmore, Geoffrey B C Hall, Ruth Lanius, Margaret C McKinnon
Alterations in autobiographical memory (AM) performance have been identified in major depressive disorder (MDD) and in trauma-related disorders; however, the neural and behavioural correlates of AM in patients with MDD and a co-morbid history of trauma remain unexplored. Here, we used behavioural and neuroimaging techniques to investigate AM in this patient group and in matched healthy comparison subjects (HCs). Twenty patients with MDD and trauma exposure and 20 HCs underwent fMRI scanning while recalling positive, negative, and neutral events...
July 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676751/the-role-of-autobiographical-memory-in-the-development-of-a-robot-self
#9
Gregoire Pointeau, Peter Ford Dominey
This article briefly reviews research in cognitive development concerning the nature of the human self. It then reviews research in developmental robotics that has attempted to retrace parts of the developmental trajectory of the self. This should be of interest to developmental psychologists, and researchers in developmental robotics. As a point of departure, one of the most characteristic aspects of human social interaction is cooperation-the process of entering into a joint enterprise to achieve a common goal...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676268/a-short-cut-to-the-past-cueing-via-concrete-objects-improves-autobiographical-memory-retrieval-in-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#10
Marie Kirk, Dorthe Berntsen
Older adults diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have difficulties accessing autobiographical memories. However, this deficit tends to spare memories dated to earlier parts of their lives, and may partially reflect retrieval deficits rather than complete memory loss. Introducing a novel paradigm, the present study examines whether autobiographical memory recall can be improved in AD by manipulating the sensory richness, concreteness and cultural dating of the memory cues. Specifically, we examine whether concrete everyday objects historically dated to the participants' youth (e...
July 1, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675083/gender-and-gender-typicality-in-autobiographical-memory-a-replication-and-extension
#11
Azriel Grysman
Gender differences in autobiographical memory (AM) are commonly reported, but often inconsistent across studies using varied measurement techniques. The current study aimed to provide more clarity to where and why gender differences emerge by carefully controlling for factors hypothesised to be relevant to gender; thus, it tested shorter and longer term AM using both narrative and questionnaire measures, and further tested whether subscription to feminine-typical traits mediated these differences. Results demonstrate that women's memory narratives score higher than men's on measures of affect, connection to others, factual and interpretive elaboration, and thematic coherence...
July 4, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674404/third-person-self-talk-facilitates-emotion-regulation-without-engaging-cognitive-control-converging-evidence-from-erp-and-fmri
#12
Jason S Moser, Adrienne Dougherty, Whitney I Mattson, Benjamin Katz, Tim P Moran, Darwin Guevarra, Holly Shablack, Ozlem Ayduk, John Jonides, Marc G Berman, Ethan Kross
Does silently talking to yourself in the third-person constitute a relatively effortless form of self control? We hypothesized that it does under the premise that third-person self-talk leads people to think about the self similar to how they think about others, which provides them with the psychological distance needed to facilitate self control. We tested this prediction by asking participants to reflect on feelings elicited by viewing aversive images (Study 1) and recalling negative autobiographical memories (Study 2) using either "I" or their name while measuring neural activity via ERPs (Study 1) and fMRI (Study 2)...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671051/autobiographical-memory-functions-of-nostalgia-in-comparison-to-rumination-and-counterfactual-thinking-similarity-and-uniqueness
#13
Wing-Yee Cheung, Tim Wildschut, Constantine Sedikides
We compared and contrasted nostalgia with rumination and counterfactual thinking in terms of their autobiographical memory functions. Specifically, we assessed individual differences in nostalgia, rumination, and counterfactual thinking, which we then linked to self-reported functions or uses of autobiographical memory (Self-Regard, Boredom Reduction, Death Preparation, Intimacy Maintenance, Conversation, Teach/Inform, and Bitterness Revival). We tested which memory functions are shared and which are uniquely linked to nostalgia...
July 1, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666337/context-memory-in-alzheimer-s-disease-the-who-where-and-when
#14
Mohamad El Haj, Pascal Antoine
Objective: Context memory, a component of episodic system, refers to the ability to retrieve conditions under which an event has occurred, such as who was present during that event and where and when it occurred. Context memory has been found to be compromised in older adults, an issue that we investigated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: Thirty-one participants with AD and 35 older adults were asked to generate three autobiographical events. Afterward, they were asked to remember the names of all people who were evoked during the events, and the names for any location that was mentioned during the events...
June 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655195/positive-autobiographical-memory-retrieval-reduces-temporal-discounting
#15
Karolina M Lempert, Megan E Speer, Mauricio R Delgado, Elizabeth A Phelps
People generally prefer rewards sooner rather than later. This phenomenon, temporal discounting, underlies many societal problems, including addiction and obesity. One way to reduce temporal discounting is to imagine positive future experiences. Since there is overlap in the neural circuitry associated with imagining future experiences and remembering past events, here we investigate whether recalling positive memories can also promote more patient choice. We found that participants were more patient after retrieving positive autobiographical memories, but not when they recalled negative memories...
June 26, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649899/individual-differences-in-susceptibility-to-false-memories-the-effect-of-memory-specificity
#16
Stephen A Dewhurst, Rachel J Anderson, Donna M Berry, Sarah R Garner
Previous research has highlighted the wide individual variability in susceptibility to the false memories produced by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure [Deese, J. (1959). On the prediction of occurrence of particular verbal intrusions in immediate recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 58, 17-22; Roediger, H. L., III, & McDermott, K. B. (1995). Creating false memories: Remembering words not presented in lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 21, 803-814]...
June 25, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649753/-for-our-garden-of-remembrance-is-somewhere-else-narratives-of-separation-through-the-eyes-of-freud-s-patients
#17
Anat Tzur Mahalel
This article presents a unique collection of narratives of separation - unique because the separation here is from psychoanalysis and from Freud as analyst. These narratives were published as part of memoirs written about Freud by three of his patients. Their narratives of separation give us an innovative point of view on the psychoanalytic process, in particular with respect to the importance they place on the termination phase of the analysis at a time when Freud himself had not given it much consideration...
June 25, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633886/remembering-and-imagining-alternative-versions-of-the-personal-past
#18
Peggy L St Jacques, Alexis C Carpenter, Karl K Szpunar, Daniel L Schacter
Although autobiographical memory and episodic simulations recruit similar core brain regions, episodic simulations engage additional neural recruitment in the frontoparietal control network due to greater demands on constructive processes. However, previous functional neuroimaging studies showing differences in remembering and episodic simulation have focused on veridical retrieval of past experiences, and thus have not fully considered how retrieving the past in different ways from how it was originally experienced may also place similar demands on constructive processes...
June 17, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624521/semanticized-autobiographical-memory-and-the-default-executive-coupling-hypothesis-of-aging
#19
R Nathan Spreng, Amber W Lockrow, Elizabeth DuPre, Roni Setton, Karen A P Spreng, Gary R Turner
As we age, the architecture of cognition undergoes a fundamental transition. Fluid intellectual abilities decline while crystalized abilities remain stable or increase. This shift has a profound impact across myriad cognitive and functional domains, yet the neural mechanisms remain under-specified. We have proposed that greater connectivity between the default network and executive control regions in lateral prefrontal cortex may underlie this shift, as older adults increasingly rely upon accumulated knowledge to support goal-directed behavior...
June 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611690/rethinking-a-negative-event-the-affective-impact-of-ruminative-versus-imagery-based-processing-of-aversive-autobiographical-memories
#20
Christien Slofstra, Maarten C Eisma, Emily A Holmes, Claudi L H Bockting, Maaike H Nauta
INTRODUCTION: Ruminative (abstract verbal) processing during recall of aversive autobiographical memories may serve to dampen their short-term affective impact. Experimental studies indeed demonstrate that verbal processing of non-autobiographical material and positive autobiographical memories evokes weaker affective responses than imagery-based processing. In the current study, we hypothesized that abstract verbal or concrete verbal processing of an aversive autobiographical memory would result in weaker affective responses than imagery-based processing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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