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autobiographical memory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451430/how-can-researchers-tell-whether-someone-has-a-false-memory-coding-strategies-in-autobiographical-false-memory-research-a-reply-to-wade-garry-and-pezdek-2018
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450821/episodic-life-stress-and-the-development-of-overgeneral-autobiographical-memory-to-positive-cues-in-youth
#2
Cope Feurer, Mary L Woody, Aliona Tsypes, Katie L Burkhouse, Katelynn Champagne, Brandon E Gibb
Overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM) has been established as a risk factor for depression in both youth and adults, but questions remain as to how OGM develops. Although theorists have proposed that the experience of stressful life events may contribute to the development of OGM, no studies have examined the impact of negative life events on prospective changes in OGM. The goal of the current study was to address this gap in the literature. Participants included 251 mothers and their biological children (aged 8-14 years old at the initial assessment)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448874/autobiographical-memory-functions-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-across-adulthood
#3
Adriana Del Palacio-Gonzalez, Lynn A Watson, Dorthe Berntsen
Previous research has documented robust individual differences in the functions served by autobiographical memories, and shown that different autobiographical memory functions are related to both positive and negative indicators of psychological well-being, and that their frequency varies with age. In this study, we examined the unique relationship between autobiographical memory functions and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and whether such relationships varied with age across adulthood. A representative sample of 1040 adult Danes (20-70 years old) reported the frequency with which they recall autobiographical memories for different purposes as well as their level of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
February 15, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425950/changes-in-perceived-centrality-of-anxious-events-following-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-and-panic-disorder
#4
Mia Skytte O'Toole, Lynn Watson, Nicole K Rosenberg, Dorthe Berntsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the association between reductions in symptoms of psychopathology and perceived centrality of negative autobiographical memories in participants with social anxiety disorder (SAD) or panic disorder (PD). METHODS: Thirty-nine individuals with SAD or PD recalled and rated four negative autobiographical memories before and after ten sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) over a three-month period...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424553/lower-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-reduced-autobiographical-memory-specificity
#5
Tom J Barry, Keisuke Takano, Yannick Boddez, Filip Raes
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Sleep can have an important influence on memory. However, it is unclear whether there is any relation between sleep quality and the specificity with which autobiographical memories are retrieved, a key factor associated with vulnerability for, and the presence of, depression and other psychiatric diagnoses. The present study provides the first investigation of the association between sleep quality and autobiographical memory specificity. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD: Fifty-four unselected community participants completed the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) to assess memory specificity, while subjective and objective measures of total sleep time and sleep onset latency were provided through a daily diary and an actigraphy wristwatch worn for a week...
February 9, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409154/anosognosia-in-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-is-correlated-with-not-only-neural-dysfunction-but-also-compensation
#6
Kenji Tagai, Shunichiro Shinagawa, Hidehiro Kada, Keisuke Inamura, Tomoyuki Nagata, Kazuhiko Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Anosognosia in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complicated, non-unitary phenomenon. In a clinical setting, patients with mild AD often preserve their awareness partially. We hypothesized that compensation, as well as neural dysfunction, could be correlated with anosognosia in mild AD. METHODS: The severity of anosognosia was evaluated using the Anosognosia Questionnaire for Dementia in 37 subjects with mild AD or mild cognitive impairment due to AD. The subjects also underwent single-photon emission computed tomography with N-isopropyl-p-[123 I]iodoamphetamine...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407543/natural-speech-algorithm-applied-to-baseline-interview-data-can-predict-which-patients-will-respond-to-psilocybin-for-treatment-resistant-depression
#7
Facundo Carrillo, Mariano Sigman, Diego Fernández Slezak, Philip Ashton, Lily Fitzgerald, Jack Stroud, David J Nutt, Robin L Carhart-Harris
BACKGROUND: Natural speech analytics has seen some improvements over recent years, and this has opened a window for objective and quantitative diagnosis in psychiatry. Here, we used a machine learning algorithm applied to natural speech to ask whether language properties measured before psilocybin for treatment-resistant can predict for which patients it will be effective and for which it will not. METHODS: A baseline autobiographical memory interview was conducted and transcribed...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400595/remembering-the-past-and-imagining-the-future-attachment-effects-on-production-of-episodic-details-in-close-relationships
#8
Xiancai Cao, Kevin P Madore, Dahua Wang, Daniel L Schacter
Attachment theories and studies have shown that Internal Working Models (IWMs) can impact autobiographical memory and future-oriented information processing relevant to close relationships. According to the constructive episodic simulation hypothesis (CESH), both remembering the past and imagining the future rely on episodic memory. We hypothesised that one way IWMs may bridge past experiences and future adaptations is via episodic memory. The present study investigated the association between attachment and episodic specificity in attachment-relevant and attachment-irrelevant memory and imagination among young and older adults...
February 5, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388508/retrieving-autobiographical-experience-of-painful-events-in-a-phantom-limb-brain-concomitants-in-a-case-report
#9
Céline Borg, Isabelle Faillenot, Roland Peyron, Bernard Laurent
We report the case of a patient who had an important experience with painful events, allowing the investigation of brain concomitants to painful (P) memories in fMRI. The patient had to recall P events that were contrasted with non-painful (NP) memories. Painful memories of the right lower limb activated the left paracentral lobule,fronto-insular operculum and superior parietal cortex. Additionally, whilst the recall of non-painful events activated the hippocampus, the recall of painful events did not enhance the hippocampal signal to significant levels...
February 1, 2018: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388472/empathic-accuracy-age-differences-from-adolescence-into-middle-adulthood
#10
Ute Kunzmann, Cornelia Wieck, Cathrin Dietzel
This study investigated age differences in empathic accuracy, the ability to correctly perceive others' emotions, in a sample of 151 boys and men from three age groups: adolescents (Mage = 16 years, SD = 1.04), young adults (Mage = 29 years, SD = 2.78), and middle-aged adults (Mage = 50 years, SD = 3.07). All participants viewed nine newly developed film clips, each depicting a boy or a man reliving one of three emotions (anger, sadness, or happiness), while talking about an autobiographical memory...
February 1, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382674/study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-platform-trial-estimating-the-effect-of-autobiographical-memory-flexibility-training-memflex-on-relapse-of-recurrent-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Caitlin Hitchcock, Siobhan Gormley, Cliodhna O'Leary, Evangeline Rodrigues, Isobel Wright, Kirsty Griffiths, Julia Gillard, Peter Watson, Emily Hammond, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Tim Dalgleish
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a chronic condition. Although current treatment approaches are effective in reducing acute depressive symptoms, rates of relapse are high. Chronic and inflexible retrieval of autobiographical memories, and in particular a bias towards negative and overgeneral memories, is a reliable predictor of relapse. This randomised controlled single-blind trial will determine whether a therapist-guided self-help intervention to ameliorate autobiographical memory biases using Memory Flexibility training (MemFlex) will increase the experience of depression-free days, relative to a psychoeducation control condition, in the 12 months following intervention...
January 29, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380139/involuntary-and-voluntary-recall-of-musical-memories-a-comparison-of-temporal-accuracy-and-emotional-responses
#12
Kelly Jakubowski, Zaariyah Bashir, Nicolas Farrugia, Lauren Stewart
Comparisons between involuntarily and voluntarily retrieved autobiographical memories have revealed similarities in encoding and maintenance, with differences in terms of specificity and emotional responses. Our study extended this research area into the domain of musical memory, which afforded a unique opportunity to compare the same memory as accessed both involuntarily and voluntarily. Specifically, we compared instances of involuntary musical imagery (INMI, or "earworms")-the spontaneous mental recall and repetition of a tune-to deliberate recall of the same tune as voluntary musical imagery (VMI) in terms of recall accuracy and emotional responses...
January 29, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366357/measuring-the-flashbulb-like-nature-of-memories-for-private-events-the-flashbulb-memory-checklist
#13
Tiziana Lanciano, Antonietta Curci, Grazia Matera, Giuseppe Sartori
What do we remember following an emotionally charged event? The assessment of memory characteristics for an emotional event represents one of the most challenging issues in the domain of autobiographical memory. Literature of flashbulb memories (FBMs) provides a crucial contribution on this issue: Following an emotional and unexpected public event, people remember not only central details of the episode, but also irrelevant, peripheral and idiosyncratic details of the reception context in which they learned of the news...
January 24, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366339/default-mode-network-engagement-beyond-self-referential-internal-mentation
#14
Deniz Vatansever, Anne E Manktelow, Barbara J Sahakian, David Krishna Menon, Emmanuel A Stamatakis
The default mode network (DMN) is typically associated with off-task internal mentation, or with goal-oriented tasks that require self-referential processing such as autobiographical planning. However, recent reports suggest a broader involvement of the DMN in higher cognitive processing. In line with this view, we report global connectivity changes centred on the main DMN hubs of precuneus and posterior cingulate cortex during an fMRI-based visuospatial version of the Tower of London planning task. Importantly, functional connectivity of these regions and the left caudate shows a significant relationship with faster reaction time to correct responses only during the high-demand planning condition, thus offering further evidence for the DMN's engagement during visuospatial planning...
January 24, 2018: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353585/developmental-roots-of-episodic-memory
#15
Katherine Nelson
Two arguments imply that Mahr & Csibra's (M&C's) functional theory is insufficient as an explanation of episodic memory: (1) The developmental course supports a different social cultural division of episodic and semantic memory, and (2) the existence of long-term autobiographical memory is not explained in the functional theory but can be seen in a broader cultural framework.
January 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353568/the-dynamics-of-episodic-memory-functions
#16
Dorthe Berntsen
There is no doubt that episodic memory serves communicative functions, but Mahr & Csibra (M&C) overlook that this is not the only function served by memories of past events. Autobiographical memory research has identified several other functions, including purely directive functions. The functionality of episodic memory is not stable across situations; it varies dynamically with the demands of the retrieval context.
January 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341344/the-medial-temporal-lobe-functional-connectivity-patterns-associated-with-forming-different-mental-representations
#17
Signy Sheldon, Brian Levine
The medial temporal lobes (MTL), and more specifically the hippocampus, are critical for forming mental representations of past experiences-autobiographical memories-and for forming other "nonexperienced" types of mental representations, such as imagined scenarios. How the MTL coordinate with other brain areas to create these different types of representations is not well understood. To address this issue, we performed a task-based functional connectivity analysis on a previously published dataset in which fMRI data were collected as participants created different types of mental representations under three conditions...
January 17, 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340943/a-prospective-investigation-of-rumination-and-executive-control-in-predicting-overgeneral-autobiographical-memory-in-adolescence
#18
Tracy M Stewart, Simon C Hunter, Sinéad M Rhodes
The CaR-FA-X model (Williams et al., 2007), or capture and rumination (CaR), functional avoidance (FA), and impaired executive control (X), is a model of overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM). Two mechanisms of the model, rumination and executive control, were examined in isolation and in interaction in order to investigate OGM over time. Across two time points, six months apart, a total of 149 adolescents (13-16 years) completed the minimal-instruction autobiographical memory test, a measure of executive control with both emotional and nonemotional stimuli, and measures of brooding rumination and reflective pondering...
January 16, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335322/identifying-patterns-of-communication-in-patients-attending-memory-clinics-a-systematic-review-of-observations-and-signs-with-potential-diagnostic-utility
#19
Cate Bailey, Norman Poole, Daniel J Blackburn
BACKGROUND: Subjective cognitive complaints are commonly encountered in primary care and often result in memory clinic referral. However, meta-analyses have shown that such concerns do not consistently correspond to objective memory impairment or predict future dementia. Memory clinic referrals are increasing, with greater proportions of patients attending who do not have dementia. Studies of interaction during memory clinic assessments have identified conversational profiles that can differentiate between dementia and functional disorders of memory...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329060/affective-and-cognitive-reactivity-to-mood-induction-in-chronic-depression
#20
Anne Guhn, Philipp Sterzer, Friderike H Haack, Stephan Köhler
BACKGROUND: Chronic depression (CD) is strongly associated with childhood maltreatment, which has been proposed to lead to inefficient coping styles that are characterized by abnormal affective responsiveness and dysfunctional cognitive attitudes. However, while this notion forms an important basis for psychotherapeutic strategies in the treatment of CD, there is still little direct empirical evidence for a role of altered affective and cognitive reactivity in CD. The present study therefore experimentally investigated affective and cognitive reactivity to two forms of negative mood induction in CD patients versus a healthy control sample (HC)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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