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uterus myoma

Dirk Schnapauff, Manon Russ, Thomas Kröncke, Matthias David
PURPOSE:  Purpose of this paper to present results of a group of 21 consecutive patients who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) immediately before myomectomy. Surgical myomectomy can lead to a substantial blood loss in case of large or multiple tumors due to the hypervascularization of the tumors. This may lead to multiple blood transfusion or hysterectomy. In cases were the preservation of the uterus is demanded, pre-operative embolization could reduce the risk of substantial bleeding...
March 7, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Marek Lisiecki, Maciej Paszkowski, Sławomir Woźniak
Uterine fibroids (also known as leiomyomas or myomas) are the most common benign tumors affecting reproductive organs in women. They are monoclonal tumors of the uterine smooth muscle, which spring from myometrium. It is estimated that they occur in 50-60% of the female population and rise to 70% by the age of 50. While mostly asymptomatic, myomas can be connected with several conditions, including abnormal bleeding with subsequent anemia, pelvic masses, pelvic pain, bulk symptoms, unfavorable impact on fertility and obstetric complications...
December 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Andrzej Woźniak, Sławomir Woźniak
Uterine leiomyomas or uterine fibroids are the most common gynaecological tumours and occur in about 20-50% of women around the world. Ultrasonography (USG) is the first-line imaging examination in suspected fibroids and shows high sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing this condition. Ultrasound scans can be performed transvaginally (transvaginal scan - TVS) or transabdominally (transabdominal scan - TAS); both scans have advantages and limitations, but, in general, transvaginal sonography is superior to transabdominal sonography in most cases of pelvic pathology...
December 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Hiroki Hayashi, Kazunori Ishikawa, Hideaki Mori, Mitsuhiro Kamiyoshihara
A 50-year-old woman visited a previous hospital because of aphasia. She was diagnosed as having cardiogenic embolism and left ventricular thrombus. Anticoagulant therapy was performed but was unsuccessful because of hypermenorrhea due to the myoma of the uterus. She was transferred to our hospital to receive surgical treatment. After uterine myomectomy, we performed video-assisted transaortic left ventricular thrombectomy. Her postoperative course was uneventful. Left ventriculotomy has been the standard approach for left ventricular thrombectomy...
February 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Yuxue Zhang, Xiaoli Gu, Yuejin Meng, Haizhou Guo, Jiehua Du, Wei Xing
This study aims to comparatively analyze the impact of laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) and transcervical resection of myoma (TCRM) on ovarian function, immune function and quality of sexual life of patients with hysteromyoma. Two hundred and forty patients with hysteromyoma admitted into the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2014 to June 2016 were divided into laparoscopic myomectomy group (LM group, n=120) and transcervical resection of myoma group (TCRM group, n=120) according to random figure table...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Sudip Kundu, C Iwanuk, I Staboulidou, G-J Garcia-Rocha, P Soergel, H Hertel, P Hillemanns, C Schippert
OBJECTIVES: Myomas are defined as benign tumours that arise from smooth muscle cells of the uterus. Clinically, they are found in 5-77% of women of reproductive age. The prevalence rate varies considerably in the literature and a large number of fibroids do not cause symptoms. The lifetime risk of acquiring myomas is 70% for Caucasian women and ≥ 80% for African American women. MATERIALS/METHODS: The data of 265 patients undergoing surgery for symptomatic myomas by laparoscopy or laparotomy, performed in the gynaecological department of Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany, between 2009 and 2013, were retrospectively analysed in this retrospective design study...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
H Wang, P Nie, B Chen, F Hou, C Dong, F He, W Xu
AIM: To characterise the contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) imaging findings of nine patients with intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The contrast-enhanced CT imaging findings of nine patients with histopathologically proven IVL were examined. The location, morphology, extension pathway, adhesion, and degree and pattern of enhancement of the tumour were assessed. RESULTS: Four patients had tumours located within the inferior vena cava, and five had tumours that involved the right heart...
January 30, 2018: Clinical Radiology
Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Andréa Maria Novaes Machado, Sérgio Podgaec, Gustavo Anderman Silva Barison
OBJECTIVE: This article presents the first series of robotic single-port hysterectomy cases performed at a hospital in Brazil. METHODS: From November 2014 to October 2016, 11 patients were indicated to undergo, and nine of them were submitted to single-port hysterectomy using da Vinci Single-Site® platform. However, in two patients, due to multiple previous abdominal surgeries, large uterine volume, and/or a uterus with no mobility, a pneumoperitoneum was performed with a Verres needle, and the pelvic cavity was assessed using a 5mm optics endoscope...
October 2017: Einstein
Yoshiyuki Owada, Seiji Haji, Riki Asakura, Kouta Yamada, Kentaro Kawasaki, Tetsuya Ienaga, Yoshihiro Ikura, Yasuhiro Iwai
A 40's woman had a complaint of abdominal and back pain. Enhanced CT visualized a large retroperitoneal tumor and huge multiple myomas of the uterus. The tumor was 10cm in diameter and located in the anterior of the inferior vena cava, and progressed from the posterior of the duodenum to the abdominal aortic bifurcation. Diffusion-weighted MR image showed the tumor with high signal intensity. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 2 tumor at the anal side of the Vater. The patient was performed curativly abdominal total hysterectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy with inferior vena cava resection...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Kohei Nakamura, Kentaro Nakayama, Kaori Sanuki, Toshiko Minamoto, Tomoka Ishibashi, Emi Sato, Hitomi Yamashita, Masako Ishikawa, Satoru Kyo
This study aimed to describe the long-term outcomes of patients with menorrhagia treated with microwave endometrial ablation (frequency, 2.45 GHz), as well as to identify factors associated with recurrence or re-surgery. This retrospective cohort study was conducted from 2007 to 2015 at Shimane University Hospital in Japan. Patients with severe menorrhagia and a desire to preserve their uterus were included in the study. Clinical factors associated with recurrence of menorrhagia or re-surgery were analyzed with a multivariable logistic regression model...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Harissou Adamou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Souleymane Oumarou Garba, Oumarou Habou
BACKGROUND: Acute intestinal obstruction during pregnancy is a rare digestive surgical emergency with significant maternal and fetal mortality. Diagnosis is difficult, often delaying the management. Here, we report an exceptional association of mechanical acute intestinal obstruction due to compression by previa uterine leiomyoma, and a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: This is the case report of a 43-year-old primiparous black woman from a rural area, who was admitted to the surgical emergency department for acute intestinal obstruction...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Derman Basaran, Alp Usubutun, Mehmet Coskun Salman, Mehmet Ali Narin, Gokhan Boyraz, Osman Turkmen, Gunsu Comert Kimyon, Alper Karalok, Dilek Bulbul, Taner Turan, Nejat Ozgul, Kunter Yuce
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological features and factors associated with recurrence in patients with uterine smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP). METHODS: Forty-six cases diagnosed between 2000 and 2014 from 2 tertiary centers underwent blind slide review. Initial diagnosis included smooth muscle tumors with equivocal diagnosis, STUMPs, and cases that were named as leiomyosarcomas (LMS) or low-grade LMS despite not fulfilling the Stanford criteria...
February 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Vasilios Tanos, Hans Brölmann, Rudi Leon DeWilde, Peter O'Donovan, Elina Symeonidou, Rudi Campo
Background: Increased awareness of leiomyosarcoma (LMS) risk during myomectomy or hysterectomy is essential. Objective and correct reasoning should prevail on any decision regarding the extent and type of surgery to employ. The anticipated risk of a sarcoma after myoma or uterus morcellation is low, and the frequency of leiomyosarcoma especially in women below the age of 40 is very rare. The prevalence data has a wide range and is therefore not reliable. The European Society of Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE) initiated a survey among its members looking into the frequency of morcellated leiomyosarcoma after endoscopic surgery...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
Sa Ra Lee, Young Jae Kim, Kwang Gi Kim
BACKGROUND: Uterine myoma is the most common benign gynecologic tumor in reproductive-aged women. During myomectomy for women who want to preserve fertility, it is advisable to detect and remove all myomas to decrease the risk of additional surgery. However, finding myomas during surgery is often challenging, especially for deep-seated myomas. Therefore, three-dimensional (3D) preoperative localization of myomas can be helpful for the surgical planning for myomectomy. However, the previously reported manual 3D segmenting method takes too much time and effort for clinical use...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Md Soriful Islam, Andrea Ciavattini, Felice Petraglia, Mario Castellucci, Pasquapina Ciarmela
BACKGROUND: Uterine leiomyoma (also known as fibroid or myoma) is the most common benign tumor of the uterus found in women of reproductive age. It is not usually fatal but can produce serious clinical symptoms, including excessive uterine bleeding, pelvic pain or pressure, infertility and pregnancy complications. Due to lack of effective medical treatments surgery has been a definitive choice for the management of this tumor. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation and remodeling are thought to be crucial for fibrotic diseases such as uterine leiomyoma...
January 1, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
Getu Dinku, Eyasu Mesfin
Introduction: Myoma is the most common pelvic tumor and an enormous healthcare concern in women. Complications occur in approximately 10-40% of pregnancies with myomatous uterus. This study is conducted to determine the prevalence and obstetric outcome of grossly visible and/or palpable myoma among women who gave birth by caesarean section. Methods: A cross sectional study conducted in three teaching hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data was collected using a pre-tested questioner...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
Jan Baekelandt
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a new approach for performing a myomectomy via transvaginal natural-orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) as an alternative to laparoscopic myomectomy. DESIGN: Stepwise explanation of the technique with the use of original video footage. SETTING: Hospital. PATIENT(S): Eight patients were treated transvaginally for intramural, subserosal, and pedunculated myomas. INTERVENTION(S): In case of a posterior myoma, a 2...
January 2018: Fertility and Sterility
V Tanos, K E Berry
The diagnosis of a uterine myoma size and location can be very precise when a 3D sonograph and knowledge are available. The majority of fibroids are asymptomatic, and expectant management is recommended. In young patients, fibroids cause infertility and in middle-aged women, abnormal uterine bleedings. Laparoscopic myomectomy is the preferred way of surgery for IM and SS fibroids, versus hysteroscopy for SM fibroids. In both cases, the size, number of fibroids and the surgeon's experience determine the limitations of the MIGS...
October 16, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Marzieh Shiva, Firouzeh Ahmadi, Arezoo Arabipoor, Mansoureh Oromiehchi, Mohammad Chehrazi
Background: We sought to compare diagnostic values of two-dimensional transvaginal sonography (2D TVS) and office hysteroscopy (OH) for evaluation of endometrial pathologies in cases with repeated implantation failure (RIF) or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was performed at Royan Institute from December 2013 to January 2015. TVS was performed before hysteroscopy as part of the routine diagnostic work-up in 789 patients with RIF or RPL...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Samer Nikolaos Al-Αchmar, Sofoklis Stavrou, Athanasios Protopapas, Peter Drakakis, Panagiota Siemou, Ioannis Chatzipapas
INTRODUCTION: Ovarian vein thrombosis is a rare but potentially serious complication after surgical and gynecologic procedures such as oophorectomy and hysterectomy. The association of this event with laparoscopic hysterectomy in particular, is very rare. Only two cases have been described so far. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of ovarian vein thrombosis after laparoscopic hysterectomy in a 40-year-old with deep endometriosis and multiple intramural uterine myomas...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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