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choriocapillaris

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314954/retinal-and-choroidal-vascular-features-in-patients-with-retinitis-pigmentosa-imaged-by-oct-based-microangiography
#1
Kasra A Rezaei, Qinqin Zhang, Chieh-Li Chen, Jennifer Chao, Ruikang K Wang
PURPOSE: To image vascular features of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Patients with RP were imaged by spectral domain optical coherence tomography based angiography (OCTA). The optical microangiography (OMAG) algorithm was applied to scanned datasets to generate 3D OCTA retinal angiograms, i.e., OMAG angiograms. Motion tracking was used to minimize artifacts due to eye movement, and large field of view OMAG angiograms were achieved through a montage scanning protocol...
March 17, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314832/features-of-the-choriocapillaris-in-myopic-maculopathy-identified-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#2
Kaori Sayanagi, Yasushi Ikuno, Sato Uematsu, Kohji Nishida
AIM: To describe the choriocapillaris features imaged by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in eyes with myopic maculopathy. METHODS: In this retrospective, non-invasive, observational case series, 26 eyes with myopic maculopathy and 12 age-matched healthy eyes underwent fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) (highly myopic eyes only), OCT and OCTA, and the choriocapillaris features seen on OCTA and ICGA were compared. RESULTS: In all five (19%) eyes with patchy atrophy of the 26 highly myopic eyes, OCTA showed complete loss of the choriocapillaris and large choroidal vessels in the atrophic area...
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301863/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#3
Emily Wright Mayes, Emily D Cole, Sabin Dang, Eduardo A Novais, Laurel Vuong, Carlos Mendoza-Santiesteban, Jay S Duker, Thomas R Hedges
BACKGROUND: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has demonstrated good utility in qualitative analysis of retinal and choroidal vasculature and therefore may be relevant in the diagnostic and treatment efforts surrounding nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). METHODS: Retrospective, cross-sectional study of 10 eyes of 9 patients with a previous or new diagnosis of NAION that received imaging with OCTA between November 2015 and February 2016...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281863/multimodal-imaging-including-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-serpiginous-choroiditis
#4
Seong Joon Ahn, Seung Hoon Park, Byung Ro Lee
PURPOSE: To report multimodal imaging in patients with serpiginous choroiditis. METHODS: A 60-year-old woman with active serpiginous choroiditis in the right eye was evaluated during the disease course with multimodal imaging, which included fluorescein angiography, swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), OCT angiography, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and retromode imaging. RESULTS: The patient had subretinal, yellowish lesion on the macula at presentation...
March 10, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236003/oct-angiography-quantifying-choriocapillary-circulation-in-idiopathic-macular-hole-before-and-after-surgery
#5
Yufei Teng, Marco Yu, Yi Wang, Xinxin Liu, Qisheng You, Wu Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the choriocapillary circulation in the macular area for eyes with unilateral idiopathic macular hole (IMH) before and after vitrectomy using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: A prospective study of 25 patients with unilateral IMH who underwent vitrectomy and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited. Choriocapillary circulation was measured by OCTA to obtain two measurements: flow area and parafovea vessel density...
February 24, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198786/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-adult-onset-foveomacular-vitelliform-dystrophy
#6
Komal M Joshi, Peter L Nesper, Amani A Fawzi, Rukhsana G Mirza
PURPOSE: To determine the ability of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to detect choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the pseudohypopyon stage of adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy. METHODS: Prospective case series of eight consecutive patients with adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy with at least one eye in the pseudohypopyon stage (a total of 14 eyes). Patients were assessed with spectral domain OCT, flourescein angiography, and OCTA...
February 14, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171871/effect-of-photodynamic-therapy-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-eyes-with-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#7
Yishuang Xu, Yu Su, Lu Li, Hang Qi, Hongmei Zheng, Changzheng Chen
PURPOSE: To analyze the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in order to observe the changes in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CCSC) after half-dose photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: This is a retrospective study evaluating an imaging technique in a cohort of patients. Fundus photography, fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) (Heidelberg Spectralis, Heidelberg, Germany), OCT, and OCTA with the split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography algorithm (XR Optovue, Fremont, CA, USA) were performed prior to half-dose PDT...
February 8, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169877/ising-model-of-choriocapillaris-flow
#8
Richard F Spaide
PURPOSE: To develop a mathematical model of local blood flow in the choriocapillaris using an Ising model. METHODS: A JavaScript Ising model was used to create images that emulated the development of signal voids as would be seen in optical coherence tomography angiography of the choriocapillaris. The model was produced by holding the temperature near criticality and varying the field strength. Individual frames were evaluated, and a movie video was created to show the hypothetical development of flow-related signal voids over a lifetime...
February 6, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159853/vascular-flow-density-in-pathological-myopia-an-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-study
#9
Jing Mo, Anli Duan, Szyyann Chan, Xuefei Wang, Wenbin Wei
OBJECTIVES: To investigate vascular flow density in pathological myopia with optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. DESIGN: A prospective comparative study was conducted from December 2015 to March 2016. SETTING: Participants were recruited in Beijing Tongren Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 131 eyes were enrolled, which were divided into three groups: 45 eyes with emmetropia (EM; mean spherical equivalent (MSE) 0...
February 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151966/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-stargardt-disease
#10
Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Lisa Toto, Enrico Borrelli, Luca Di Antonio, Peter A Mattei, Alfonso Senatore, Marta Di Nicola, Cesare Mariotti
BACKGROUND: to assess vessel density of superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP) and choriocapillaris (CC) in advanced Stargardt disease (STGD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and correlate these findings with macular function using pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG). METHODS: Twelve patients (24 eyes) with advanced STGD underwent vessel densities and macular thickness measurements using OCTA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151840/acute-posterior-multifocal-placoid-pigment-epitheliopathy-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#11
Michael J Heiferman, Safa Rahmani, Lee M Jampol, Peter L Nesper, Dimitra Skondra, Leo A Kim, Amani A Fawzi
PURPOSE: To investigate choroidal involvement in acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE). METHODS: A retrospective observational case series using multimodal imaging including optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. RESULTS: Five patients with APMPPE were included. In most acute lesions, OCT angiography revealed outer retinal and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) hyperreflective lesions with attenuated OCT signal in the underlying choroid, but careful examination allowed us to identify a single lesion with decreased choriocapillaris flow outside the signal attenuation...
February 1, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146236/subretinal-pigment-epithelial-deposition-of-drusen-components-including-hydroxyapatite-in-a-primary-cell-culture-model
#12
Matthew G Pilgrim, Imre Lengyel, Antonio Lanzirotti, Matt Newville, Sarah Fearn, Eszter Emri, Jonathan C Knowles, Jeffrey D Messinger, Russell W Read, Clyde Guidry, Christine A Curcio
Purpose: Extracellular deposits containing hydroxyapatite, lipids, proteins, and trace metals that form between the basal lamina of the RPE and the inner collagenous layer of Bruch's membrane are hallmarks of early AMD. We examined whether cultured RPE cells could produce extracellular deposits containing all of these molecular components. Methods: Retinal pigment epithelium cells isolated from freshly enucleated porcine eyes were cultured on Transwell membranes for up to 6 months...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145974/quantitative-analysis-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-adult-onset-foveomacular-vitelliform-dystrophy
#13
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Alessandro Rabiolo, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Pierluigi Iacono, Francesco Romano, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To quantify the foveal avascular zone area at superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) and the global, parafoveal, and perifoveal vessel densities at SCP, DCP, and choriocapillaris using optical coherence tomography angiography in patients affected by adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy (AOFVD). METHODS: Twenty eyes of 20 consecutive patients (10 females, 50%) with AOFVD and 20 eyes of 20 healthy controls presenting at the Department of Ophthalmology of San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy were enrolled...
January 31, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145973/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Alessandro Invernizzi, Aniruddha Agarwal, Vittoria Ravera, Marta Oldani, Giovanni Staurenghi, Francesco Viola
PURPOSE: To evaluate the vitreal, retinal, and choroidal features using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in eyes affected by cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with either active or inactive CMV retinitis were included in the study. Complete ophthalmic examination, serial color fundus photography, and SD-OCT (with and without enhanced depth imaging function) were performed for all the subjects at baseline and follow-up visits...
January 31, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145942/clinical-pathologic-correlation-of-sarcoidosis-associated-multifocal-chorioretinitis-in-an-elderly-patient
#15
Mohamed G A Saleh, John L OʼDonnell, Ronald P Davis, David Wilson, Phoebe Lin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To describe a case of histopathologic clinical correlation of sarcoidosis-related multifocal chorioretinitis in an elderly individual. METHODS: This is a single case report and review of the pertinent literature. A 72-year-old white woman with a history of asthma was referred with bilateral asymmetric low-grade chronic panuveitis with advancing peripheral punched-out chorioretinal lesions despite systemic corticosteroid treatment. RESULTS: Coalescent chorioretinal punched-out lesions on fundus examination in the more severely affected right eye did not respond to corticosteroid treatment, and the refractory nature resulted in a suspicion of intraocular lymphoma despite a previous inconclusive diagnostic vitrectomy result...
January 31, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133946/identification-and-clinical-role-of-choroidal-neovascularization-characteristics-based-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#16
Florian Sulzbacher, Andreas Pollreisz, Alexandra Kaider, Stefan Kickinger, Stefan Sacu, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth
PURPOSE: To suggest a novel classification of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) based on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and to correlate morphological characteristics based on optical coherence tomography (OCT)/OCTA with clinical criteria of disease activity. METHODS: A total of 88 eyes with neovascular AMD (14 treatment-naïve, 74 eyes following anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment (VEGF)) were examined using the AngioVue OCTA system (Optovue, Inc...
January 30, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125083/guca1a-mutation-causes-maculopathy-in-a-five-generation-family-with-a-wide-spectrum-of-severity
#17
Xue Chen, Xunlun Sheng, Wenjuan Zhuang, Xiantao Sun, Guohua Liu, Xun Shi, Guofu Huang, Yan Mei, Yingjie Li, Xinyuan Pan, Yani Liu, Zili Li, Qingshun Zhao, Biao Yan, Chen Zhao
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic basis and pathogenic mechanism of variable maculopathies, ranging from mild photoreceptor degeneration to central areolar choroidal dystrophy, in a five-generation family. METHODS: Clinical characterizations, whole-exome sequencing, and genome-wide linkage analysis were carried out on the family. Zebrafish models were used to investigate the pathogenesis of GUCA1A mutations. RESULTS: A novel mutation, GUCA1A p...
January 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114579/quantitative-retinal-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-diabetes-without-diabetic-retinopathy
#18
Galina Dimitrova, Etsuo Chihara, Hirokazu Takahashi, Hiroyuki Amano, Kazushiro Okazaki
Purpose: To compare optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiographic parameters in retina and choriocapillaris between control subjects and diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy (NDR). Correlations were studied between OCT angiography parameters, retinal structure parameters, and systemic characteristics in all subjects. Methods: Sixty-two patients were included in the study: control subjects (n = 33) and patients with NDR (n = 29). Optical coherence topography angiographic parameters were as follows: vessel density (%) (in superficial, deep retinal vessel plexus and in choriocapillary layer) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area (mm2) in superficial and deep retinal vessel plexus of parafovea...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107073/choroidal-vasculopathy-and-retinal-detachment-in-a-bald-eagle-haliaeetus-leucocephalus-with-lead-toxicosis
#19
Ramzi Eid, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Krista A Keller, K Tomo Wiggans, Christopher J Murphy, Elise E B LaDouceur, M Kevin Keel, Christopher M Reilly
A subadult male bald eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus ) was presented for severe depression and weakness. Physical examination findings included depressed mentation, dehydration, sternal recumbency, poor body condition, and bilateral, whole-head, horizontal nystagmus. A heavy-metal panel was performed, and blood lead levels were 6.1 ppm. Treatment for lead poisoning was initiated, including subcutaneous fluids and parenteral calcium-disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, ceftiofur, and meloxicam. Ophthalmic examination findings included absent menace response, absent dazzle reflex, slow and incomplete direct pupillary light reflex, mild anterior uveitis, incipient cataracts, multifocal retinal tears, and retinal separation in both eyes...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101400/choriocapillaris-evaluation-in-choroideremia-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#20
Simon S Gao, Rachel C Patel, Nieraj Jain, Miao Zhang, Richard G Weleber, David Huang, Mark E Pennesi, Yali Jia
The choriocapillaris plays an important role in supporting the metabolic demands of the retina. Studies of the choriocapillaris in disease states with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) have proven insightful. However, image artifacts complicate the identification and quantification of the choriocapillaris in degenerative diseases such as choroideremia. Here, we demonstrate a supervised machine learning approach to detect intact choriocapillaris based on training with results from an expert grader...
January 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
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