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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637266/family-caregivers-of-older-adults-1999-2015-trends-in-characteristics-circumstances-and-role-related-appraisal
#1
Jennifer L Wolff, John Mulcahy, Jin Huang, David L Roth, Kenneth Covinsky, Judith D Kasper
Purpose of Study: To assess trends in family caregiving between 1999 and 2015. Design and Methods: We construct nationally representative profiles of community-dwelling older adults receiving help with self-care or indoor mobility and their "primary" family or unpaid caregiver using the 1999 and 2004 National Long Term Care Survey, 2011 and 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study, and linked caregiver surveys. Trends are examined. Results: Older adults receiving help were incrementally younger, more racially diverse, and better educated in 2015...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634634/pain-and-fracture-related-limitations-persist-6%C3%A2-months-after-a-fragility-fracture
#2
Joanna E M Sale, Lucy Frankel, Stephen Thielke, Larry Funnell
Our objective was to examine the experience of pain after a fracture beyond the conventional healing duration of 6 months. We conducted a phenomenological study in participants who were deemed high risk for future fracture and recruited through an urban fracture clinic in Toronto, Canada. In-depth interviews were conducted with questions addressing the experience of pain, the status of recovery from the fracture, ways in which the fracture affected one's daily activities, and interactions with health care providers...
June 20, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634373/an-assessment-of-mobile-predator-populations-along-shallow-and-mesophotic-depth-gradients-in-the-hawaiian-archipelago
#3
Jacob Asher, Ivor D Williams, Euan S Harvey
Large-bodied coral reef roving predators (sharks, jacks, snappers) are largely considered to be depleted around human population centers. In the Hawaiian Archipelago, supporting evidence is primarily derived from underwater visual censuses in shallow waters (≤30 m). However, while many roving predators are present or potentially more abundant in deeper strata (30-100 m+), distributional information remains sparse. To partially fill that knowledge gap, we conducted surveys in the remote Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) and populated Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI) from 2012-2014 using baited remote underwater stereo-video...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630034/fall-prevention-self-assessments-via-mobile-3d-visualization-technologies-community-dwelling-older-adults-perceptions-of-opportunities-and-challenges
#5
Julian Hamm, Arthur Money, Anita Atwal
BACKGROUND: In the field of occupational therapy, the assistive equipment provision process (AEPP) is a prominent preventive strategy used to promote independent living and to identify and alleviate fall risk factors via the provision of assistive equipment within the home environment. Current practice involves the use of paper-based forms that include 2D measurement guidance diagrams that aim to communicate the precise points and dimensions that must be measured in order to make AEPP assessments...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627929/design-of-the-hptn-065-tlc-plus-study-a-study-to-evaluate-the-feasibility-of-an-enhanced-test-link-to-care-plus-treat-approach-for-hiv-prevention-in-the-united-states
#6
Theresa Gamble, Bernard Branson, Deborah Donnell, H Irene Hall, Georgette King, Blayne Cutler, Shannon Hader, David Burns, Jason Leider, Angela Fulwood Wood, Kevin G Volpp, Kate Buchacz, Wafaa M El-Sadr
Background/Aims HIV continues to be a major public health threat in the United States, and mathematical modeling has demonstrated that the universal effective use of antiretroviral therapy among all HIV-positive individuals (i.e. the "test and treat" approach) has the potential to control HIV. However, to accomplish this, all the steps that define the HIV care continuum must be achieved at high levels, including HIV testing and diagnosis, linkage to and retention in clinical care, antiretroviral medication initiation, and adherence to achieve and maintain viral suppression...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627913/effect-of-attentional-retraining-on-cognition-craving-and-smoking-in-african-american-smokers
#7
Cendrine D Robinson, Christine Muench, Emily Brede, Romano Endrighi, Edwin H Szeto, Joanna R Sells, John P Lammers, Kolawole S Okuyemi, Andrew J Waters
African American cigarette smokers have lower rates of cessation than Whites and live in communities with a higher number of tobacco advertisements. Exposure to smoking cues may promote smoking and undermine cessation. It may be possible to reduce attention to smoking cues ("attentional bias"). In this study, we investigated the effect of attentional retraining (AR) on attentional bias and smoking in African American smokers. Nontreatment- seeking African American smokers (N = 64) were randomly assigned to an AR or control condition...
June 19, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627860/the-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-can-predict-the-institutionalization-of-the-patients-with-stroke
#8
Hsiang-Yueh Hu, Wen-Chou Chi, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Chia-Feng Yen, Reuben Escorpizo, Hua-Fang Liao, Shih-Wei Huang, Tsan-Hon Liou
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a well-known questionnaire used to evaluate disability. We can not only evaluate disability but also obtain additional information by using the standardized WHODAS 2.0 scores. AIM: To predict the institutionalization of the patients with stroke by using the standardized WHODAS 2.0 scores. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: The data of 10,255 patients with stroke were acquired from the Data Bank of Persons with Disabilities (TDPD) in Taiwan...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626848/older-adult-falls-prevention-behaviors-60-days-post-discharge-from-an-urban-emergency-department-after-treatment-for-a-fall
#9
Kalpana Narayan Shankar, Nicole J Treadway, Alyssa A Taylor, Alan H Breaud, Elizabeth W Peterson, Jonathan Howland
BACKGROUND: Falls are a common and debilitating health problem for older adults. Older adults are often treated and discharged home by emergency department (ED)-based providers with the hope they will receive falls prevention resources and referrals from their primary care provider. This descriptive study investigated falls prevention activities, including interactions with primary care providers, among community-dwelling older adults who were discharged home after presenting to an ED with a fall-related injury...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626737/high-level-bacterial-contamination-of-secondary-school-students-mobile-phones
#10
Siiri Kõljalg, Rando Mändar, Tiina Sõber, Tiiu Rööp, Reet Mändar
INTRODUCTION: While contamination of mobile phones in the hospital has been found to be common in several studies, little information about bacterial abundance on phones used in the community is available. Our aim was to quantitatively determine the bacterial contamination of secondary school students' mobile phones. METHODS: Altogether 27 mobile phones were studied. The contact plate method and microbial identification using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometer were used for culture studies...
June 2017: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#11
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626151/changes-in-social-interaction-over-20-years-and-the-effects-of-community-resources-use-among-community-dwelling-elderly-persons
#12
Kumi Watanabe, Emiko Tanaka, Bailiang Wu, Zyunko Kobayashi, Yukiko Mochizuki, Yeon Kim, Taeko Watanabe, Rika Okumura, Sumio Ito, Tokie Anme
Objectives Recently, social isolation has been reported to be a critical problem among Japanese elderly persons. However, few studies have compared social interaction in the past and the present or investigated its predictive factors. This study aimed to clarify the transitional changes in social interaction over 20 years and explore the factors related to social interaction focusing on the use of community resources.Methods The participants were community-dwelling elderly persons aged 65 years and over...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625662/experiences-and-perceptions-of-adults-accessing-publicly-available-nutrition-behavior-change-mobile-apps-for-weight-management
#13
Jessica R L Lieffers, Jose F Arocha, Kelly Grindrod, Rhona M Hanning
BACKGROUND: Nutrition mobile apps have become accessible and popular weight-management tools available to the general public. To date, much of the research has focused on quantitative outcomes with these tools (eg, weight loss); little is known about user experiences and perceptions of these tools when used outside of a research trial environment. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to understand the experiences and perceptions of adult volunteers who have used publicly available mobile apps to support nutrition behavior change for weight management...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624996/exploring-the-bioelectrochemical-characteristics-of-activated-sludge-using-cyclic-voltammetry
#14
Dena Z Khater, K M El-Khatib, Rabeay Y A Hassan
Due to the potential interest, bioelectrochemical responses of activated sludge using the three-electrode system are tested. From the cyclic voltammograms, the oxidation current output is increasing due to incubation time increase, whereas 5, 25 and 39.33 μA are obtained after 3, 72 and 96 h, respectively. Changing the working electrode from glassy carbon to carbon paste led to the increase in the electrochemical signal from 0.3 to be 3.72 μA. On the other hand, the use of the lipophilic redox mediator (2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol (DCIP)) amplified the oxidation current to reach 19...
June 17, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624983/how-to-increase-vaccination-acceptance-among-apostolic-communities-quantitative-results-from-an-assessment-in-three-provinces-in-zimbabwe
#15
Regina Gerede, Zorodzai Machekanyanga, Serigne Ndiaye, Kenneth Chindedza, Colline Chigodo, Messeret E Shibeshi, James Goodson, Fussum Daniel, Reinhard Kaiser
A worldwide increasing trend toward vaccine hesitancy has been reported. Measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections originating from Apostolic gatherings. Founded in Zimbabwe in the 1950s, the Apostolic church has built up a large number of followers with an estimated 3.5 million in Zimbabwe in 2014. To inform planning of interventions for the 2015 measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we assessed vaccination status and knowledge, attitudes and practices among purposive samples of Apostolic caregivers in three districts each in Harare City, Manicaland and Matabeleland South in Zimbabwe...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623947/effects-of-digital-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-on-cognitive-function-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Simon D Kyle, Madeleine E D Hurry, Richard Emsley, Annemarie I Luik, Ximena Omlin, Kai Spiegelhalder, Colin A Espie, Claire E Sexton
BACKGROUND: The daytime effects of insomnia pose a significant burden to patients and drive treatment seeking. In addition to subjective deficits, meta-analytic data show that patients experience reliable objective impairments across several cognitive domains. While Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is an effective and scalable treatment, we know little about its impact upon cognitive function. Trials of CBT-I have typically used proxy measures for cognitive functioning, such as fatigue or work performance scales, and no study has assessed self-reported impairment in cognitive function as a primary outcome...
June 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618596/language-competition-in-a-population-of-migrating-agents
#17
Dorota Lipowska, Adam Lipowski
Influencing various aspects of human activity, migration is associated also with language formation. To examine the mutual interaction of these processes, we study a Naming Game with migrating agents. The dynamics of the model leads to formation of low-mobility clusters, which turns out to break the symmetry of the model: although the Naming Game remains symmetric, low-mobility languages are favored. High-mobility languages are gradually eliminated from the system, and the dynamics of language formation considerably slows down...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617657/national-institutes-of-health-research-plan-on-rehabilitation
#18
Nih Medical Rehabilitation Coordinating Committee
One in five Americans experiences disability that affects their daily function because of impairments in mobility, cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years. The plan was developed with input from multiple Institutes and Centers within the NIH, the National Advisory Board for Medical Rehabilitation Research, and the public...
2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616470/global-solutions-to-regional-challenges-bridging-the-one-health-divide-in-the-caribbean
#19
Arve Lee Willingham, Luis Cruz-Martinez, Diana G Scorpio, Christa A Gallagher
Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, located on the Caribbean island of St. Kitts in the West Indies, hosted a multi-national, transdisciplinary One Health conference in St. Kitts and Nevis. Historically the many countries of the Caribbean carry a high burden of chronic and infectious disease and struggle with complex economic and developmental issues that continuously pressurize inhabitants and their natural environment. Considering these vast regional challenges, presentations covered diverse topics including community-based approaches for zoonotic disease control and prevention and mitigation of problems at the interface of wildlife, domestic animals, and humans...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616180/sustained-functional-composition-of-pollinators-in-restored-pastures-despite-slow-functional-restoration-of-plants
#20
Marie Winsa, Erik Öckinger, Riccardo Bommarco, Regina Lindborg, Stuart P M Roberts, Johanna Wärnsberg, Ignasi Bartomeus
Habitat restoration is a key measure to counteract negative impacts on biodiversity from habitat loss and fragmentation. To assess success in restoring not only biodiversity, but also functionality of communities, we should take into account the re-assembly of species trait composition across taxa. Attaining such functional restoration would depend on the landscape context, vegetation structure, and time since restoration. We assessed how trait composition of plant and pollinator (bee and hoverfly) communities differ between abandoned, restored (formerly abandoned) or continuously grazed (intact) semi-natural pastures...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
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