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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160826/the-communication-awareness-relationships-and-empowerment-c-a-r-e-model-an-effective-tool-for-engaging-urban-communities-in-community-based-participatory-research
#1
Joniqua Ceasar, Marlene H Peters-Lawrence, Valerie Mitchell, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Little is known about recruitment methods for racial/ethnic minority populations from resource-limited areas for community-based health and needs assessments, particularly assessments that incorporate mobile health (mHealth) technology for characterizing physical activity and dietary intake. We examined whether the Communication, Awareness, Relationships and Empowerment (C.A.R.E.) model could reduce challenges recruiting and retaining participants from faith-based organizations in predominantly African American Washington, D...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159594/structural-interventions-in-hiv-prevention-a-taxonomy-and-descriptive-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Theresa Ann Sipe, Terrika L Barham, Wayne D Johnson, Heather A Joseph, Maria Luisa Tungol-Ashmon, Ann O'Leary
One of the four national HIV prevention goals is to incorporate combinations of effective, evidence-based approaches to prevent HIV infection. In fields of public health, techniques that alter environment and affect choice options are effective. Structural approaches may be effective in preventing HIV infection. Existing frameworks for structural interventions were lacking in breadth and/or depth. We conducted a systematic review and searched CDC's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Project's database for relevant interventions during 1988-2013...
November 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158661/policy-system-and-environmental-correlates-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-a-low-income-african-american-population-in-the-southeast
#3
Lori Brand Bateman, LaToya J O'Neal, Theolishia Smith, Yufeng Li, Theresa A Wynn, Chen Dai, Mona N Fouad
Objective: The current study seeks to identify policy, system and environmental (PSE) correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of low-income African Americans in two counties in Alabama (Jefferson and Mobile) and one county in Mississippi (Forrest). Design: A modified Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFFS) survey, which included multi-level ecological factors, was used to evaluate nutritional habits at the pre-intervention stage of a multi-state research study...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158654/farmers-market-utilization-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-recipients-in-new-orleans-louisiana-preliminary-findings
#4
Henry Nuss, Meg Skizim, Hasheemah Afaneh, Lucio Miele, Melinda Sothern
Objective: Farmers' markets are increasingly being promoted as a means to provide fresh produce to poor and underserved communities. However, farmers' market (FM) use remains low among low-income patrons. The purpose of our study was to examine FM awareness and use, grocery shopping behaviors, and internet use among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients. Design: A descriptive analysis of preliminary data was performed to evaluate quantitative baseline data among SNAP recipients between June and August 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana (N=51)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158405/origin-evolution-and-global-transmission-of-community-acquired-staphylococcus-aureus-st8
#5
Lena Strauß, Marc Stegger, Patrick Eberechi Akpaka, Abraham Alabi, Sebastien Breurec, Geoffrey Coombs, Beverly Egyir, Anders Rhod Larsen, Frederic Laurent, Stefan Monecke, Georg Peters, Robert Skov, Birgit Strommenger, François Vandenesch, Frieder Schaumburg, Alexander Mellmann
USA300 is a pandemic clonal lineage of hypervirulent, community-acquired, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) with specific molecular characteristics. Despite its high clinical relevance, the evolutionary origin of USA300 remained unclear. We used comparative genomics of 224 temporal and spatial diverse S. aureus isolates of multilocus sequence type (ST) 8 to reconstruct the molecular evolution and global dissemination of ST8, including USA300. Analyses of core SNP diversity and accessory genome variations showed that the ancestor of all ST8 S...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157182/do-surveys-with-paper-and-electronic-devices-differ-in-quality-and-cost-experience-from-the-rufiji-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-in-tanzania
#6
Oscar Mukasa, Hildegalda P Mushi, Nicolas Maire, Amanda Ross, Don de Savigny
BACKGROUND: Data entry at the point of collection using mobile electronic devices may make data-handling processes more efficient and cost-effective, but there is little literature to document and quantify gains, especially for longitudinal surveillance systems. OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential of mobile electronic devices compared with paper-based tools in health data collection. METHODS: Using data from 961 households from the Rufiji Household and Demographic Survey in Tanzania, the quality and costs of data collected on paper forms and electronic devices were compared...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156433/evaluating-features-of-periphytic-diatom-communities-as-biomonitoring-tools-in-fresh-brackish-and-marine-waters
#7
Lalit K Pandey, Yogesh Chandra Sharma, Jihae Park, Soyeon Choi, Hojun Lee, Jie Lyu, Taejun Han
The aims of this study were to assess the biodiversity of periphytic diatom assemblages in fresh, brackish and marine waterbodies of Korea, and to assess the effect of environmental and anthropogenic factors on parameters such as the quantity and biovolume of lipid bodies and deformations of diatoms as early warning measures of anthropogenic impact. Diatom samples were collected from 31 sites (14 freshwater, 10 brackish and 7 marine), which included less impacted (upstream) and impacted (downstream) sites in each water type...
November 10, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155832/implementing-universal-hiv-treatment-in-a-high-hiv-prevalence-and-rural-south-african-setting-field-experiences-and-recommendations-of-health-care-providers
#8
Melanie Plazy, Delphine Perriat, Dumile Gumede, Sylvie Boyer, Deenan Pillay, François Dabis, Janet Seeley, Joanna Orne-Gliemann
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the field experiences and recommendations of clinic-based health care providers (HCP) regarding the implementation of universal antiretroviral therapy (ART) in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: In Hlabisa sub-district, the local HIV programme of the Department of Health (DoH) is decentralized in 18 clinics, where ART was offered at a CD4 count ≤500 cells/μL from January 2015 to September 2016. Within the ANRS 12249 TasP trial, implemented in part of the sub-district, universal ART (no eligibility criteria) was offered in 11 mobile clinics between March 2012 and June 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155826/programmatic-factors-associated-with-the-limited-impact-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-to-control-onchocerciasis-in-three-drainage-basins-of-south-west-cameroon
#9
Christian Tetteh Duamor, Fabrice Roberto Datchoua-Poutcheu, Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo, Aldof Tah Yoah, Ernest Njukang, Emmanuel Kah, Mary Sheena Maingeh, Jonas Arnaud Kengne-Ouaffo, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Peter A Enyong, Samuel Wanji
INTRODUCTION: The CDTI model is known to have enhanced community participation in planning and resource mobilization toward the control of onchocerciasis. These effects were expected to translate into better individual acceptance of the intervention and hence high Treatment Coverage, leading to a sustainable community-led strategy and reduction in the disease burden. A survey revealed that after 10-12 rounds of treatment, prevalence of onchocerciasis was still high in three drainage basins of South West Cameroon and transmission was going on...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155152/higher-prevalence-and-earlier-appearance-of-geriatric-phenotypes-in-old-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Marina Kotsani, Thekla Chatziadamidou, Dimitrios Economides, Athanase Benetos
AIMS: To compare the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction, depression, lower mobility performance, disability and falls in older community-dwelling individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and in controls of similar age. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in primary health care settings in 3 semi-urban regions in Greece. Were assessed 403 community-dwelling older persons (age ≥65years, median: 73), 198 with and 205 without diabetes. Common geriatric syndromes were studied using structured individual interviews and widely-used screening scales...
November 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154165/engagement-in-mobile-phone-app-for-self-monitoring-of-emotional-wellbeing-predicts-changes-in-mental-health-moodprism
#11
David Bakker, Nikki Rickard
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are being used increasingly for mental health purposes, but evidence of their efficacy remains limited. The mechanisms underlying any effects of such apps are also unclear. This study examined the effectiveness of a self-monitoring mobile phone app by investigating the relationships between app engagement and mental health outcomes. METHOD: Participants downloaded the MoodPrism app from the iOS and Android app stores, completing in-app assessments at start of use and again 30days later...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153313/what-is-the-role-of-biosimilar-g-csf-agents-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-mobilization-at-present
#12
REVIEW
Serdal Korkmaz, Fevzi Altuntas
Mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells, which has largely replaced bone marrow harvesting as a source of hematopoietic stem cells, using recombinant agents such as filgrastim or lenograstim has become a standard procedure in both patients and healthy donors prior to peripheral blood stem cell collection for autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Published literature data suggest that mobilization with recombinant granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is safe and mobilization outcomes are satisfactory...
November 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153037/-contract-to-volunteer-south-african-community-health-worker-mobilization-for-better-labor-protection
#13
Zara Trafford, Alison Swartz, Christopher J Colvin
In this paper, we explore the increasing activity around labor rights for South African community health workers (CHWs). Contextualizing this activity within broader policy and legal developments, we track the emergence of sporadic mobilizations for decent work (supported by local health activist organizations) and subsequently, the formation of a CHW union. The National Union of Care Workers of South Africa (NUCWOSA) was inaugurated in 2016, hoping to secure formal and secure employment through government and the consequent labor and occupational health protections...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150897/determining-best-outcomes-from-community-acquired-pneumonia-and-how-to-achieve-them
#14
REVIEW
Jane Hadfield, Lesley Bennett
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common acute medical illness with a standard, effective treatment that was introduced before the evidenced-based medicine era. Mortality rates have improved in recent decades but improvements have been minimal when compared to other conditions such as acute coronary syndromes. The standardized approach to treatment makes CAP a target for comparative performance and outcome measures. While easy to collect, simplistic outcomes such as mortality, readmission and length of stay are difficult to interpret as they can be affected by subjective choices and health care resources...
November 17, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150513/high-prevalence-and-genetic-diversity-of-large-phicd211-phicdif1296t-like-prophages-in-clostridioides-difficile
#15
Julian R Garneau, Ognjen Sekulovic, Bruno Dupuy, Olga Soutourina, Marc Monot, Louis-Charles Fortier
Clostridioides difficile (formerly Clostridium difficile) is a pathogenic bacterium displaying great genetic diversity. A significant proportion of this diversity is due to the presence of integrated prophages. Here, we provide an in-depth analysis of phiCD211, also known as phiCDIF1296T, the largest phage identified in C. difficile so far, with a genome of 131-kbp. It shares morphological and genomic similarity with other large siphophages like phage 949 infecting Lactococcus lactis and phage c-st infecting Clostridium botulinum...
November 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145853/molecular-characterization-of-%C3%AE-lactamase-genes-in-clinical-isolates-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#16
Kevin M Raible, Bhaswati Sen, Nancy Law, Tiffany E Bias, Christopher L Emery, Garth D Ehrlich, Suresh G Joshi
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen which is establishing as a major cause of morbidity and mortality within the healthcare community. The success of this pathogen is largely due to its ability to rapidly gain resistance to antimicrobial therapies and its capability to persist in an abiotic environment through the production of a biofilm. Our tertiary-care hospital has showed high incidence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) isolates. METHODS: In this study we explore both genotypic and phenotypic properties of 26 CRAB isolates: 16 isolates were collected from January 2010 to March 2011, and 10 were collected between February and May 2015...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145102/remediation-of-a-soil-chronically-contaminated-with-hydrocarbons-through-persulfate-oxidation-and-bioremediation
#17
Rocío Medina, Pedro Maximiliano David Gara, Antonio José Fernández-González, Janina Alejandra Rosso, María Teresa Del Panno
The impact of remediation combining chemical oxidation followed by biological treatment on soil matrix and microbial community was studied, of a chronically hydrocarbon contaminated soil sourced from a landfarming treatment. Oxidation by ammonium persulfate produced a significant elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and an increase in PAH bioavailability. Organic-matter oxidation mobilized nutrients from the soil matrix. The bacterial populations were affected negatively, with a marked diminution in the diversity indices...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143900/an-innovative-mobile-health-system-to-improve-and-standardize-antenatal-care-among-underserved-communities-a-feasibility-study-in-an-italian-hosting-center-for-asylum-seekers
#18
Lucia Borsari, Giovanna Stancanelli, Laura Guarenti, Teresa Grandi, Serena Leotta, Lucia Barcellini, Paola Borella, Anne Caroline Benski
Innovative migrant-friendly tools are needed to assist health personnel manage the high number of pregnancies within reception centers. This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system's functionality and a questionnaire assessed women's acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141642/doing-implementation-research-on-health-governance-a-frontline-researcher-s-reflexive-account-of-field-level-challenges-and-their-management
#19
Gupteswar Patel, Surekha Garimella, Kerry Scott, Shinjini Mondal, Asha George, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Implementation Research (IR) in and around health systems comes with unique challenges for researchers including implementation, multi-layer governance, and ethical issues. Partnerships between researchers, implementers, policy makers and community members are central to IR and come with additional challenges. In this paper, we elaborate on the challenges faced by frontline field researchers, drawing from experience with an IR study on Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138051/sarcopenia-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-prevalence-and-impact-on-functional-status
#20
Odessa Addison, Steven J Prior, Rishi Kundi, Monica C Serra, Leslie I Katzel, Andrew W Gardner, Alice S Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia in older men with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and to compare to a subset of the group to age, race, sex, and body mass index (BMI)-matched non-PAD control counterparts. We also sought to compare the functional status of those with PAD with and without sarcopenia. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: A Veterans Affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Sedentary, community dwelling men age 50+ years with a confirmed diagnosis of PAD (N=108; 44% black; BMI 27...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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