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Yohannes W Woldeamanuel, Peter R Kamerman, Demetri G A Veliotes, Tudor J Phillips, David Asboe, Marta Boffito, Andrew S C Rice
HIV-associated sensory peripheral neuropathy (HIV-SN) afflicts approximately 50% of patients on antiretroviral therapy, and is associated with significant neuropathic pain. Simple accurate diagnostic instruments are required for clinical research and daily practice in both high- and low-resource setting. A 4-item clinical tool (CHANT: Clinical HIV-associated Neuropathy Tool) assessing symptoms (pain and numbness) and signs (ankle reflexes and vibration sense) was developed by selecting and combining the most accurate measurands from a deep phenotyping study of HIV positive people (Pain In Neuropathy Study-HIV-PINS)...
2016: PloS One
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants have the ability to experience pain. Hospitalised infants are exposed to numerous painful procedures. Healthy newborns are exposed to pain if the birth process consists of assisted vaginal birth by vacuum extraction or by forceps and during blood sampling for newborn screening tests. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for the prevention or treatment of procedural/postoperative pain or pain associated with clinical conditions in neonates...
October 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nermin Tanik, Serhat Tanik, Sebahattin Albayrak, Kürsat Zengin, Levent Ertugrul Inan, Emel Kiyak Caglayan, Asuman Celikbilek, Kadir Kirboga, Mesut Gurdal
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder that often leads to complications. We aimed to correlate two complications of DM, polyneuropathy and hyperactive bladder syndrome, using noninvasive measures, such as screening tests. METHODS: We included 80 female and 40 male type 2 diabetic patients in this prospective study. Diabetic polyneuropathy evaluations were conducted using the Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questions (DN4), and overactive bladder (OAB) evaluations were performed using the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-V8)...
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Sheng-Shu Chiang, Chia-Lin Lee, Hsiu-Chen Liu, Jun-Sing Wang, I-Te Lee, Yuh-Min Song, Chia-Po Fu, Yu-Fen Li, Wayne H-H Sheu, Shih-Yi Lin
BACKGROUND: Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the prevalence of painful diabetic polyneuropathy (PDPN) have been less studied. We examined the prevalence and risk factors of PDPN in outpatients with type 2 diabetes in an ethnic Chinese population. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 2358 outpatients with type 2 diabetes who had completed the Douleur Neuropathique en 4 Questions (DN4) questionnaire from January 2013 to October 2013...
November 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Serbülent Gökhan Beyaz, Hande Özocak, Tolga Ergönenç, Onur Palabyk, Ayça Taş Tuna, Burak Kaya, Ünal Erkorkmaz, Nermin Akdemir
Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is an important clinic problem. It is assessed that prevalence of chronic pain extends to 30% but it is contended that there are various risk factors. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of chronic pain after hysterectomy, risk factors of chronicity, neuropathic features of pain, and sensorial alterations at surgery area.Between years 2012 and 2015, 16 to 65 ages old patients that electively undergone total abdominal hysterectomy bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and passed minimum 3 months after surgery were included to study...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kendra Sih, Ran D Goldman
Un enfant qui fréquente ma clinique s'est récemment fait une entorse à la cheville et il éprouve de la douleur et de la difficulté à supporter son poids sur la jambe affectée. Sa mère lui donne de l'acétaminophène parce qu'on lui a dit de ne jamais utiliser d'anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens (AINS) en raison de son asthme contrôlé par pharmacologie. L'asthme chez un enfant est-il une contre-indication à l'administration d'AINS? La maladie respiratoire exacerbée par les AINS existe-t-elle comme entité réelle? RÉPONSE: Les AINS sont des médicaments analgésiques et antipyrétiques efficaces...
August 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Duygu Geler Külcü, Canan Bursali, İlknur Aktaş, Selin Bozkurt Alp, Feyza Ünlü Özkan, Pınar Akpinar
BACKGROUND/AIM: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy. Conservative treatment choices are not always satisfactory. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of kinesiotaping (KT) on pain level, grip strength, and functional status compared with that of placebo KT and orthotic device (OD) in patients with CTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized, placebo-controlled study, participants were allocated into one of three groups: an experimental KT group (Group 1), a placebo KT group (Group 2), and an OD group (Group 3)...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Rogerio Del Arco, Susilene Maria Tonelli Nardi, Thiago Gasperini Bassi, Vania Del Arco Paschoal
OBJECTIVE: to identify the difficulties in diagnosing and treating neuropathic pain caused by leprosy and to understand the main characteristics of this situation. METHODS: 85 patients were treated in outpatient units with reference to leprosy and the accompanying pain. We used a questionnaire known as the Douleur Neuropathic 4 test and we conducted detailed neurological exams. As a result, 42 patients were excluded from the study for not having proved their pain...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
J Haumann, J W Geurts, S M J van Kuijk, B Kremer, E A Joosten, M H J van den Beuken-van Everdingen
BACKGROUND: Cancer pain is still inadequately treated in up to 60% of cancer patients. Based on the additional effect on the N-Methyl-d-Aspartate receptor, we expected that methadone (Met) could provide better pain relief than fentanyl (Fen) in cancer pain with a neuropathic pain component. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was performed with 52 strong opioids naive patients with head-and-neck cancer with substantial pain (pain Numerical Rating Scale [NRS] > 4) and a neuropathic pain component (Douleur Neuropathique [DN4] > 4)...
September 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Jamilly C V Santana, Victor S Santos, Ricardo Q Gurgel, Julianne C V Santana, Francisco P Reis, Luis E Cuevas, Vera L C Feitosa
Neuropathic pain (NP) often occurs during the course of leprosy, and screening tools to differentiate NP from non-NP are often used. However, their performance varies in different settings. The most frequently used scales are the Douleur Neuropathique in 4 questions (DN4) and the Leeds assessment of neuropathic symptoms and signs (LANSS) questionnaires. Thus, we conducted a study to evaluate the agreement between DN4 and LANSS questionnaires to classify NP in 195 leprosy patients attending two reference centers in Sergipe, Brazil...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Elizabeth G VanDenKerkhof, Elizabeth G Mann, Nicola Torrance, Blair H Smith, Ana Johnson, Ian Gilron
The reported prevalence of neuropathic pain ranges from 6.9% to 10%; however the only Canadian study reported 17.9%. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of neuropathic pain in Canada. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a random sample of Canadian adults. The response rate was 21.1% (1504/7134). Likely or possible neuropathic pain was defined using a neuropathic pain-related diagnosis and a positive outcome on the Self-Report Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs pain scale (S-LANSS) or the Douleur Neuropathique 4 (DN4) Questions...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Stefano De Santis, Cristina Borghesi, Serena Ricciardi, Daniele Giovannoni, Alberto Fulvi, Maria Rita Migliorino, Claudio Marcassa
INTRODUCTION: Cancer-related pain has a severe negative impact on quality of life. Combination analgesic therapy with oxycodone and pregabalin is effective for treating neuropathic cancer pain. We investigated the efficacy and tolerability of a dose-escalation combination therapy with prolonged-release oxycodone/naloxone (OXN-PR) and pregabalin in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer and severe neuropathic pain. METHODS: This was a 4-week, open-label, observational study...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Cinzia D'Amato, Roberto Morganti, Carla Greco, Federica Di Gennaro, Laura Cacciotti, Susanna Longo, Giorgia Mataluni, Davide Lauro, Girolama A Marfia, Vincenza Spallone
AIMS: To investigate the independent effect on depression of painless diabetic polyneuropathy, painful diabetic polyneuropathy, and general and diabetes-related comorbidities. METHODS: In 181 patients, the presence of painless diabetic polyneuropathy, painful diabetic polyneuropathy, comorbidities and depression was assessed using the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument Questionnaire, the Michigan Diabetic Neuropathy Score, nerve conduction studies, the Douleur Neuropathique en 4 Questions, the Charlson Comorbidity Index and the Beck Depression Inventory-II...
June 22, 2016: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Daniele Cazzato, Marco Castori, Raffaella Lombardi, Francesca Caravello, Eleonora Dalla Bella, Antonio Petrucci, Paola Grammatico, Chiara Dordoni, Marina Colombi, Giuseppe Lauria
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the involvement of small nerve fibers in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with EDS underwent clinical, neurophysiologic, and skin biopsy assessment. We recorded sensory symptoms and signs and evaluated presence and severity of neuropathic pain according to the Douleur Neuropathique 4 (DN4) and ID Pain questionnaires and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). Sensory action potential amplitude and conduction velocity of sural nerve was recorded...
July 12, 2016: Neurology
Hillel M Finestone, David N Juurlink, Barry Power, Tara Gomes, Nicholas Pimlott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Rogério Del'Arco, Adrieli Barboza De Oliveira, Susilene Maria Tonelli Nardi, Vânia Del'Arco Paschoal
OBJECTIVE: To detect neuropathic pain in people who have had leprosy and correlate this association with the WHO Degree of Physical Disability classification (DPD-WHO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from medical records, interviews and physical examinations of patients treated in 2013 in a regional referral service that attends 102 municipals. Clinical and general data, the DPD-WHO classification and the Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questionnaire (DN4) were utilised to determine the profile and to diagnose neuropathic pain...
March 2016: Leprosy Review
Susana Pedras, Rui Carvalho, Maria da Graça Pereira
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot is one of the most serious complications of diabetes affecting about 15% of all diabetes patients, and it is the leading cause of nontraumatic lower limb amputations. This study presents a sociodemographic and clinical characterization of patients with diabetic foot ulcer indicated for amputation surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 206 patients with type 2 diabetes and a diabetic foot ulcer indicated for amputation surgery...
April 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Ilknur Albayrak, Seza Apiliogullari, Cagatay Nusret Dal, Funda Levendoglu, Onder Murat Ozerbil
The majority of patients achieve substantial pain relief and improved function after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but a proportion continues to experience life-disturbing persistent postsurgical pain (PPSP) in the months and years after surgery. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), exercise, and pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) treatment on pain severity, neuropathic pain, knee flexion range of motion (ROM), functional status, and patient satisfaction in patients with PPSP after TKA...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Nermin Tanik, Özlem Balbaloğlu, Mehmet Ucar, Umıt Sarp, Tugay Atalay, Asuman Çelikbilek, Ayşe Yeşim Göçmen, Levent Ertugrul Inan
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiencies are associated with a variety of chronic diseases. The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between vitamin D levels and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: This study included 90 patients with mild to moderate CTS and assessed their routine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. Additionally, the pain level of each subject was evaluated using the Visual Analogue Scale and the Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questionnaire (DN4)...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Nermin Tanik, Umit Sarp, Mehmet Ucar, Asuman Celikbilek, Ozlem Balbaloglu, Hakan Ak, Tugay Atalay, Hasan Onur Arik, Mehmet Yavuz Okyay, Levent Ertugrul Inan
UNLABELLED: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition involving nerve entrapment that often leads to chronic neuropathic pain. We aimed to evaluate sleep quality and related parameters in diabetic and non-diabetic CTS patients. METHOD: This study included a total of 366 patients with chronic CTS. These patients' sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and depression using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The severity of neuropathic pain was evaluated using the Douleur Neuropathique-4 (DN4) questionnaire and a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
March 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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