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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475195/instant-messaging-and-nursing-students-clinical-learning-experience
#1
Christoph Pimmer, Florian Brühlmann, Titilayo Dorothy Odetola, Oluwafemi Dipeolu, Urs Gröhbiel, Ademola J Ajuwon
BACKGROUND: Although learning in clinical settings is a key element of nursing education, for many learners these are challenging developmental contexts often marked by isolation and a lack of belongingness. Despite the massive appropriation of mobile instant messaging (MIM) platforms and the connective properties attendant to them, very little is known about their role in and impact on nursing students' clinical learning experiences. APPROACH AND METHODS: To address this gap, the study, which was part of a multinational research project on the use of mobile social media in health professions education in developing countries, examined the use of the instant messaging platform WhatsApp by nursing students during placements and potential associations with socio-professional indicators...
February 10, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475174/early-maltreatment-is-associated-with-greater-risk-of-conduct-problems-and-lack-of-guilt-in-adolescence
#2
Meagan Docherty, Joanna Kubik, Carolina M Herrera, Paul Boxer
Previous research indicates a link between childhood maltreatment and elevated conduct problems. Yet the literature is less clear on associations between maltreatment and callousness (e.g., lack of empathy or guilt). This is a critical gap given that callousness is a robust predictor of serious aggressive and violent behavior. We examine the association between substantiated maltreatment events in childhood and adolescence (up to age 13) and conduct problems and lack of guilt at age 14. We analyze self- and parent-report data along with official maltreatment records on 557 youth (50% female; 69% non-white) from a larger dataset (Longitudinal Studies on Childhood Abuse and Neglect; N = 1354)...
February 20, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474995/evaluation-of-performance-based-outcome-measures-for-the-upper-limb-a-comprehensive-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Sophie Wang, Janice Hsu, Lauren Trent, Tiffany Ryan, Nathan Kearns, Eugene Civillico, Kimberly Kontson
Objective performance-based outcome measures (OMs) have the potential to provide unbiased and reproducible assessments of limb function. However, very few of these performance-based OMs have been validated for upper limb (UL) prosthesis users. OMs validated in other clinical populations (e.g. neurological or musculoskeletal conditions) could be used to fill gaps in existing performance-based OMs for UL amputees. Additionally, a joint review might reveal consistent gaps across multiple clinical populations. Therefore, the objective of this review was to systematically characterize prominent measures utilized in both sets of clinical populations with regard to (1) location of task performance around the body, (2) possible grips employed, (3) bilateral vs...
February 20, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474976/hidden-diversity-of-forest-birds-in-madagascar-revealed-using-integrative-taxonomy
#4
Jane L Younger, Lynika Strozier, J Dylan Maddox, Árpád S Nyári, Matthew T Bonfitto, Marie J Raherilalao, Steven M Goodman, Sushma Reddy
Madagascar is renowned as a global biodiversity hotspot with high levels of microendemism. However, there are few molecular phylogenetic studies of Malagasy birds, particularly for forest-dwelling species, signifying a substantial gap in current measures of species diversity in the absence of genetic data. We evaluated species limits and explored patterns of diversification within the genus Newtonia (Family Vangidae), a group of forest-dwelling songbirds endemic to Madagascar. Our modern systematics approach combined genomic, morphometric, and ecological niche data to analyze the evolutionary history of the group...
February 20, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474899/high-altitude-organic-gold-the-production-network-for-ophiocordyceps-sinensis-from-far-western-nepal
#5
Mariève Pouliot, Dipesh Pyakurel, Carsten Smith-Hall
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Berk.) G.H.Sung, J.M.Sung, Hywel-Jones & Spatafora, a high altitude Himalayan fungus-caterpillar product found in alpine meadows in China, Bhutan, Nepal, and India, has been used in the Traditional Chinese Medicine system for over 2000 years. Heightened demand in China over the past 15 years, coupled with limited production, has led to a price hike and increased economic importance of harvests to rural households throughout the species' range...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474869/in-the-era-of-bcr-abl1-inhibitors-are-we-closing-the-survival-gap-between-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-and-chemotherapy-for-ph-all-in-first-complete-remission
#6
EDITORIAL
Matthew J Wieduwilt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474729/the-science-of-peer-support-as-applied-to-behavioral-medicine-and-the-care-of-individuals-surviving-with-cancer-a-commentary-on-peer-mentors-delivering-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-cancer-survivors-effects-among-mentors-by-pinto-et-al
#7
Christine Rini, Kristi D Graves, Suzanne C O'Neill, Kenneth P Tercyak
There is a critical gap between the resources available to promote health and wellness after cancer and services that address these public health goals. Researchers, policy makers, healthcare providers, and community stakeholders increasingly recognize the benefits of filling this gap with trained peer mentors who can provide health-promotion services to fellow cancer survivors. This commentary addresses a mixed-method study by Pinto and colleagues that investigated the responses and experiences of trained peer mentors who delivered their telephone-based physical activity intervention for breast cancer survivors...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474677/review-of-autophagy-related-approaches-for-improving-nutrient-use-efficiency-and-crop-yield-protection
#8
Tamar Avin-Wittenberg, Frantisek Baluška, Peter V Bozhkov, Pernilla H Elander, Alisdair R Fernie, Gad Galili, Ammar Hassan, Daniel Hofius, Erika Isono, Romain Le Bars, Céline Masclaux-Daubresse, Elena A Minina, Hadas Peled-Zehavi, Núria S Coll, Luisa M Sandalio, Béatrice Satiat-Jeunemaitre, Agnieszka Sirko, Pilar S Testillano, Henri Batoko
Autophagy is a eukaryotic catabolic pathway essential for growth and development. In plants, it is activated in response to environmental cues or developmental stimuli. However, in contrast to other eukaryotic systems, we know relatively little regarding the molecular players involved in autophagy and the regulation of this complex pathway. In the framework of the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) action TRANSAUTOPHAGY (2016-2020), we decided to review our current knowledge of autophagy responses in higher plants, with emphasis on knowledge gaps...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474518/sestd1-encodes-a-developmentally-dynamic-synapse-protein-that-complexes-with-bcr-rac1-gap-to-regulate-forebrain-dendrite-spine-and-synapse-formation
#9
Xiao Yong Yang, Robert E Stanley, Adam P Ross, Aaron M Robitaille, John A Gray, Benjamin N R Cheyette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474451/racial-residential-segregation-socioeconomic-disparities-and-the-white-black-survival-gap
#10
Ioana Popescu, Erin Duffy, Joshua Mendelsohn, José J Escarce
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between racial residential segregation, a prominent manifestation of systemic racism, and the White-Black survival gap in a contemporary cohort of adults, and to assess the extent to which socioeconomic inequality explains this association. DESIGN: This was a cross sectional study of White and Black men and women aged 35-75 living in 102 large US Core Based Statistical Areas. The main outcome was the White-Black survival gap...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474294/surgical-anatomy-of-vaginal-hysterectomy-impact-of-a-resident-constructed-simulation-model
#11
Mallika Anand, Conor P Duffy, Olivera Vragovic, Wafaa Abbasi, Shannon L Bell
OBJECTIVES: Obstetrics and gynecology residents are less prepared to perform vaginal hysterectomy (VH), despite its advantages over other hysterectomy routes. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology have prioritized simulation training in VH. Our objective was to improve residents' understanding of surgical anatomy of VH using a resident-constructed, low-cost, low-fidelity model. METHODS: A single simulation session was held in November 2016...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474134/propagation-of-economic-inequality-through-reciprocity-and-reputation
#12
Leor M Hackel, Jamil Zaki
Reciprocity and reputation are powerful tools for encouraging cooperation on a broad scale. Here, we highlight a potential side effect of these social phenomena: exacerbating economic inequality. In two novel economic games, we manipulated the amount of money with which participants were endowed and then gave them the opportunity to share resources with others. We found that people reciprocated more toward higher-wealth givers, compared with lower-wealth givers, even when those givers were equally generous...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474113/suicide-assessment-and-treatment-gaps-between-theory-research-and-practice
#13
Prachi Kene, Elena T Yee, Katherine D Gimmestad
A considerable body of literature focuses on suicide risk assessment, treatment, and prevention. However, incorporation of these research and theoretical advances in routine care by practitioners has been largely unexamined. We examine the challenges - lack of training, fear, complexities of decision-making, practical barriers, lack of usage of assessment tools, and violations of psychometric principles by assessment tools - that confront practitioners when utilizing advances in the field. Identifying and addressing these barriers has implications to help bridge the gaps between theory, research, and practice to improve quality of care...
February 23, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473695/nanomaterial-exposure-toxicity-and-impact-on-human-health
#14
REVIEW
Antonio Pietroiusti, Helene Stockmann-Juvala, Francesca Lucaroni, Kai Savolainen
The use of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) has grown after the turn of the 21st century. Also, the production of ENM has globally grown, and exposure of workers especially via the lungs to ENM has increased. This review tackles with effects of ENM on workers' health because occupational environment is the main source of exposure to ENM. Assessment of exposure to ENM is demanding, and today there are no occupational exposure level (OEL) for ENM. This is partly due to challenges of such measurements, and in part to the unknown causality between ENM metrics and effects...
February 23, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473650/lipid-catabolism-in-microalgae
#15
Fantao Kong, Ismael Torres Romero, Jaruswan Warakanont, Yonghua Li-Beisson
Lipid degradation processes are important in microalgae because survival and growth of microalgal cells under fluctuating environmental conditions require permanent remodeling or turnover of membrane lipids as well as rapid mobilization of storage lipids. Lipid catabolism comprises two major spatially and temporarily separated steps, namely lipolysis, which releases fatty acids and head groups and is catalyzed by lipases at membranes or lipid droplets, and degradation of fatty acids to acetyl-CoA, which occurs in peroxisomes through the β-oxidation pathway in green microalgae, and can sometimes occur in mitochondria in some other algal species...
February 23, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473646/research-review-intergenerational-transmission-of-disadvantage-epigenetics-and-parents-childhoods-as-the-first-exposure
#16
Pamela Scorza, Cristiane S Duarte, Alison E Hipwell, Jonathan Posner, Ana Ortin, Glorisa Canino, Catherine Monk
BACKGROUND: For decades, economists and sociologists have documented intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic disadvantage, demonstrating that economic, political, and social factors contribute to 'inherited hardship'. Drawing on biological factors, the developmental origins of adult health and disease model posits that fetal exposure to maternal prenatal distress associated with socioeconomic disadvantage compromises offspring's neurodevelopment, affecting short- and long-term physical and mental health, and thereby psychosocial standing and resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473451/a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-of-pharmacy-students-on-pharmacogenetic-testing-in-the-netherlands
#17
Paul Cd Bank, Jesse J Swen, Henk-Jan Guchelaar
AIM: To benchmark knowledge and attitude of pharmacy students toward pharmacogenetics (PGx) and PGx testing and compare the results with practicing colleagues. METHODS: All pharmacy students in The Netherlands were invited to participate in a web-based survey consisting of 28 questions. Out of the 824 invited students, 148 individuals (18.0%) completed the questionnaire. All responders believed in the concept of PGx and had high expectations toward PGx. The majority (96...
February 23, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473442/hu-protein-is-involved-in-intracellular-growth-and-full-virulence-of-francisella-tularensis
#18
Pavla Stojkova, Petra Spidlova, Juraj Lenco, Helena Rehulkova, Lucie Kratka, Jiri Stulik
The nucleoid-associated HU proteins are small abundant DNA-binding proteins in bacterial cell which play an important role in the initiation of DNA replication, cell division, SOS response, control of gene expression and recombination. HU proteins bind to double stranded DNA non-specifically, but they exhibit high affinity to abnormal DNA structures as four-way junctions, gaps or nicks, which are generated during DNA damage. In many pathogens HU proteins regulate expression of genes involved in metabolism and virulence...
February 23, 2018: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473440/goal-setting-in-paediatric-rehabilitation-for-children-with-motor-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#19
Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Shanon K Phelan
OBJECTIVES: The three objectives of this scoping review were to (1) identify key conceptual/theoretical frameworks and the extent to which they are used to inform goal setting related to rehabilitation goal setting with children with motor disabilities, (2) describe research that has evaluated goal setting processes and outcomes, and (3) summarize the purposes of goal setting described in paediatric rehabilitation literature. METHODS: The scoping review process described by Arksey and O'Malley was used to guide article selection and data extraction...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473419/an-application-of-cesium-on-the-restriction-of-precursor-crystallization-for-highly-reproducible-perovskite-solar-cells-exceeding-20-efficiency
#20
Gen Zhou, Jionghua Wu, Yanhong Zhao, Yiming Li, Jiangjian Shi, Yusheng Li, Huijue Wu, Dongmei Li, Yanhong Luo, Qingbo Meng
In this study we systematically explored the mixed cation perovskite Csx(MA0.4FA0.6)1-xPbI3 fabricated via sequential introduction of cations. The effects of Cs+ on the fabrication and performance of inorganic-organic mixed cation perovskite solar cells were examined in detail which is beyond the normal understanding of adjusting band gap. It is found that a combined intercalation of Cs+ and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in PbI2-DMSO precursor film formed a strong and steady coordinated intermediate phase to retard PbI2 crystallization, suppress yellow non-perovskite δ-phase and obtain a highly reproducible perovskite film with less defects and larger grains...
February 23, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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