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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550785/gender-gaps-and-glass-ceilings-a-survey-of-gender-specific-publication-trends-in-psychiatry-between-1994-and-2014
#1
S Süßenbacher, M Amering, A Gmeiner, B Schrank
BACKGROUND: Within academic psychiatry, women are underrepresented in the higher academic ranks. However, basic determinants of women's lack of academic advancement such as publication activity are poorly understood. The present study examines women's publication activity in high-impact psychiatry journals over two decades and reports developments in the numbers of male and female authorship over time and across cultural areas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective bibliometric review of all articles published in 2004 and 2014 in three high-ranking general psychiatry journals...
April 6, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550746/zn-doped-cdo-nanoparticles-structural-morphological-optical-photocatalytic-and-anti-bacterial-properties
#2
Vinod Kumar Gupta, Ali Fakhri, Shiva Tahami, Shilpi Agarwal
Pure and zinc-doped CdO NPs (Zn-CdO NPs) were synthesized through a facile co-precipitation method. The structural, morphology, chemical composition, optical and antibacterial activity of the NPs were studied with respect to pure and Zn-doped CdO concentration (0-7.5mol.%). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images reveal that pure and Zn-doped CdO NPs were in the nano-scale regime with different crystalline morphology. The energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) spectrum predicts the presence of Cadmium (Cd), Zinc (Zn) and Oxygen (O) in the prepared samples...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550704/integrating-engagement-and-improvement-work-in-a-pediatric-hospital
#3
Mireille Brosseau, Diane Gagnon, Kristina Rohde, Jennifer Schellinck
Although geared towards a common goal - improved patient-centred care - quality improvement strategies and patient engagement-focused approaches are often developed and conducted in silos. The lack of integration may lead, on the one hand, to the uptake of patient suggestions that do not always take into consideration implications for the delivery of quality care and, on the other hand, to inadequate understanding of patient views required to create optimal services. The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO)'s action plans to address gaps in patient engagement and quality improvement, two of its priority areas, were initially carried out in isolation of each other...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550413/glottal-gap-tracking-by-a-continuous-background-modeling-using-inpainting
#4
Gustavo Andrade-Miranda, Juan Ignacio Godino-Llorente
The visual examination of the vibration patterns of the vocal folds is an essential method to understand the phonation process and diagnose voice disorders. However, a detailed analysis of the phonation based on this technique requires a manual or a semi-automatic segmentation of the glottal area, which is difficult and time consuming. The present work presents a cuasi-automatic framework to accurately segment the glottal area introducing several techniques not explored before in the state of the art. The method takes advantage of the possibility of a minimal user intervention for those cases where the automatic computation fails...
May 27, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550382/same-principles-different-worlds-a-critical-discourse-analysis-of-medical-ethics-and-nursing-ethics-in-finnish-professional-texts
#5
Salla Saxén
This qualitative social scientific study explores professional texts of healthcare ethics to understand the ways in which ethical professionalism in medicine and nursing are culturally constructed in Finland. Two books in ethics, published by Finnish national professional organizations-one for nurses and one for physicians-were analyzed with the method of critical discourse analysis. Codes of ethics for each profession were also scrutinized. Analysis of the texts sought to reveal what is taken for granted in the texts as well as to speculate what appeared to be relegated to the margins of the texts or left entirely invisible...
May 26, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550280/doping-of-metal-organic-frameworks-towards-resistive-sensing
#6
Hidetsugu Shiozawa, Bernhard C Bayer, Herwig Peterlik, Jannik C Meyer, Wolfgang Lang, Thomas Pichler
Coordination polymerization leads to various metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with unique physical properties and chemical functionalities. One of the challenges towards their applications as porous materials is to make MOFs optimally conductive to be used as electronic components. Here, it is demonstrated that Co-MOF-74, a honeycomb nano-framework with one-dimensionally arranged cobalt atoms, advances its physical properties by accommodating tetracyanochinodimethan (TCNQ), an acceptor molecule. Strong intermolecular charge transfer reduces the optical band gap down to 1...
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550271/the-pleiotropic-vasoprotective-functions-of-high-density-lipoproteins-hdl
#7
Boyce Guilaine, Button Emily, Soo Sonja, Wellington Cheryl
The pleiotropic functions of circulating high density lipoprotein (HDL) on peripheral vascular health are well established. HDL plays a pivotal role in reverse cholesterol transport and is also known to suppress inflammation, endothelial activation and apoptosis in peripheral vessels. Although not expressed in the central nervous system, HDL has nevertheless emerged as a potential resilience factor for dementia in multiple epidemiological studies. Animal model data specifically support a role for HDL in attenuating the accumulation of β-amyloid within cerebral vessels concomitant with reduced neuroinflammation and improved cognitive performance...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550265/patient-preferences-may-be-indicative-of%C3%A2-normative-issues-in-dementia-research
#8
Cynthia Forlini
Robillard and Feng highlight incongruence between patient preferences and the procedural aspects of research ethics as they relate to protocols for dementia research. Their findings break ground for a reassessment of how research ethics, researchers, and participants (including patients and caregivers) approach participation in dementia research. However, it is unclear whether patient preferences may also herald a normative gap between how dementia research is being conducted and how it should be done. This response uses one of Robillard and Feng's findings to illustrate how descriptive empirical data might be reinterpreted into normative questions that reframe current practices in the context of dementia research...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550251/when-patient-engagement-and-research-ethics-collide-lessons-from-a-dementia-forum
#9
Julie M Robillard, Tanya L Feng
The importance of patient engagement in research has been gaining recognition since the turn of the 21st century. However, little is known about the perspectives of people with dementia on the process of discovery. To fill this gap and to inform priorities in patient engagement in the context of dementia research, the Clinic for Alzheimer Disease and Related Disorders at the University of British Columbia hosted an interactive session for members of the patient community and of the general public to share their views on various ethical aspects of the research process...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550127/raised-anion-gap-metabolic-acidosis-in-a-4-day-old-child
#10
Roy W A Peake, Lance H Rodan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550005/perceptions-of-patient-engagement-applications-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-patient-s-perspective
#11
Maren Goetz, Mitho Müller, Lina Maria Matthies, Jenny Hansen, Anne Doster, Akos Szabo, Jan Pauluschke-Fröhlich, Harald Abele, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Stephanie Wallwiener
BACKGROUND: With growing demand for medical information and health applications in pregnancy, the potential of electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) solutions in clinical care is increasingly unfolding. However, we still do not know how pregnant women engage with mobile apps, how such apps impact routine medical care, and whether benefit expectations are met. Whereas recent research has raised the subject of user distribution and analyzed the content of pregnancy applications, there is still a significant knowledge gap regarding what pregnant women like and dislike about pregnancy tools, along with how such interventions could be improved...
May 26, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549929/pragmatic-trials-and-real-world-evidence-an-introduction-to-the-series
#12
Mira Zuidgeest, Iris Goetz, Rolf Groenwold, Elaine Irving, Ghislaine van Thiel, Diederick E Grobbee
This is the introductory paper in a series of 8 papers (see box). In this series we integrate the theoretical design options with the practice of conducting pragmatic trials. For most new market-approved treatments the clinical evidence is insufficient to fully guide physicians and policy makers in choosing the optimal treatment for their patients. Pragmatic trials can fill this gap, by providing evidence on the relative effectiveness of a treatment strategy in routine clinical practice, already in an early phase of development, while maintaining the strength of randomized controlled trials...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549788/implementation-of-a-multicenter-shoulder-dystocia-injury-prevention-program
#13
Linda Szymanski, Christine Arnold, Arthur J Vaught, Susan LaMantia, Theresa Harris, Andrew J Satin
Although the evidence for supporting the effectiveness of many patient safety practices has increased in recent years, the ability to implement programs to positively impact clinical outcomes across multiple institutions is lagging. Shoulder dystocia simulation has been shown to reduce avoidable patient harm. Neonatal injury from shoulder dystocia contributes to a significant percentage of liability claims. We describe the development and the process of implementation of a shoulder dystocia simulation program across five academic medical centers and their affiliated hospitals united by a common insurance carrier...
May 23, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549593/-improving-the-quality-of-cancer-pain-management-in-palliative-care-unit-targeted-clinical-audit
#14
Colombe Tricou, Murielle Ruer, Mathilde Ledoux, Élise Perceau-Chambard, Dorothée Decrept, Claire Chabloz, Marilène Filbet
Goal This study aims to assess the quality of the cancer pain management in Palliative care unit. METHOD: The method used was the targeted clinical audit. The audit grid was built according to the recommendations of the pilot Committee, and tested until the final version with 19 items was obtained. In this retrospective study, 60 consecutive patients were studied on 2 periods of time. The first one (T1) shows the gap between the patient's chart and the expected standard, and proposes corrective measures...
May 23, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549095/klf4-plays-an-essential-role-in-corneal-epithelial-homeostasis-by-promoting-epithelial-cell-fate-and-suppressing-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#15
Anil Tiwari, Chelsea L Loughner, Sudha Swamynathan, Shivalingappa K Swamynathan
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that KLF4 promotes corneal epithelial (CE) cell fate by suppressing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), using spatiotemporally regulated CE-specific ablation of Klf4 in Klf4Δ/ΔCE (Klf4LoxP/LoxP/Krt12rtTA/rtTA/Tet-O-Cre) mice. Methods: CE-specific ablation of Klf4 was achieved by feeding Klf4Δ/ΔCE mice with doxycycline chow. The wild-type (WT; normal chow-fed littermates) and the Klf4Δ/ΔCE histology was compared by hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections; EMT marker expression was quantified by quantitative PCR, immunoblots, and immunofluorescent staining; and wound healing rate was measured by CE debridement using Algerbrush...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548917/family-experiences-of-the-transition-to-palliative-care-in-aged-residential-care-arc-a-qualitative-study
#16
Rosemary Frey, Susan Foster, Michal Boyd, Jackie Robinson, Merryn Gott
PURPOSE: To address a gap in the literature by exploring bereaved families' perceptions of the transition to palliative care for their relative in long-term care. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of twenty-six family members who were most involved in the care of residents who had died within the last 12 months. Interviews explored care, perceptions of staff palliative care knowledge, communication with staff, care planning and decision-making...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548896/implementation-of-asthma-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-knowledge-to-action-cycle
#17
Myriam E Gagné, Louis-Philippe Boulet
OBJECTIVE: Based on the Knowledge-to-Action Cycle, we assessed the self-reported implementation and perception of asthma clinical practice guideline (CPG) recommendations in primary care physicians (PCPs), along with the barriers and facilitators to CPG use in primary care. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study. Using the extended Asthma Physicians' Practice Assessment Questionnaire(©), PCPs self-reported the following: their knowledge of 15 key asthma CPG recommendations, the perceived usefulness of each of these recommendations, their motivation to apply these recommendations, and their agreement with the content of these recommendations...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548859/separation-of-oil-in-water-emulsions-using-hydrophilic-electrospun-membranes-with-anisotropic-pores
#18
Weerapha Panatdasirisuk, Zhiwei Liao, Thammasit Vongsetskul, Shu Yang
It has been challenging to separate oil from oil/water emulsions with droplet size less than 1 μm using conventional porous membranes. Membranes with small pores are preferred, but the trade-off is a dramatic reduction of volumetric flux. Here, we prepared membranes from electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) fibers with high porosity (∼88%). When the membranes were stretched uniaxially at different strain levels, the pores became anisotropic with an aspect ratio (pore length/width) up to 5.3 ± 3.0. To improve their wettability, we added Tween 80, a hydrophilic surfactant, to PCL solutions for electrospinning...
May 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548682/arthrotomy-based-pre-clinical-models-of-particle-induced-osteolysis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Meghan M Moran, Brittany M Wilson, Ryan D Ross, Amarjit S Virdi, D Rick Sumner
We completed a systematic literature review of in vivo animal models that use arthrotomy-based methods to study particle-induced peri-implant osteolysis. The purpose of the review was to characterize the models developed to date, to determine the questions addressed, to assess scientific rigor and transparency and to identify gaps in knowledge. We probed three literature databases (Medline, Embase and Scopus) and found 77 manuscripts that fit the search parameters. In the most recent 10 years, researchers mainly used rat and mouse models, whereas in the previous 20 years large animal, canine and rabbit models were more common...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548543/systematic-review-of-clinical-guidance-documents-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnostic-assessment-in-select-regions
#20
Melanie Penner, Evdokia Anagnostou, Lana Y Andoni, Wendy J Ungar
Clinical guidance documents play an important role in ensuring access to high-quality autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment practices. The objective was to perform a systematic review of professional association and government clinical guidance documents for autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment, analyzing their quality and content. The government search was limited to English-speaking, single-payer, publicly funded health systems. A quality appraisal was conducted by two appraisers using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation, second edition tool...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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