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"Chronic Fatigue Syndrome"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920164/epistemic-injustice-in-healthcare-encounters-evidence-from-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#1
Charlotte Blease, Havi Carel, Keith Geraghty
Chronic fatigue syndrome or myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) remains a controversial illness category. This paper surveys the state of knowledge and attitudes about this illness and proposes that epistemic concerns about the testimonial credibility of patients can be articulated using Miranda Fricker's concept of epistemic injustice. While there is consensus within mainstream medical guidelines that there is no known cause of CFS/ME, there is continued debate about how best to conceive of CFS/ME, including disagreement about how to interpret clinical studies of treatments...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918087/fatigue-in-an-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-population-a-trans-diagnostic-approach
#2
Denise C Rogers, Antonia J Dittner, Katharine A Rimes, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVES: Trans-diagnostic approaches suggest that key cognitive and behavioural processes maintain symptoms across a wide range of mental health disorders. Fatigue is a common clinical feature of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood; however, empirical data supporting its prevalence are lacking. This study aimed to collate outcomes from outpatient services to (1) investigate the prevalence of fatigue in adults with ADHD, (2) examine symptoms of ADHD in adults with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and (3) consider secondary clinical characteristics common to both disorder groups...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908630/non-linear-dose-response-of-aluminium-hydroxide-adjuvant-particles-selective-low-dose-neurotoxicity
#3
Guillemette Crépeaux, Housam Eidi, Marie-Odile David, Yasmine Baba-Amer, Eleni Tzavara, Bruno Giros, François-Jérôme Authier, Christopher Exley, Christopher A Shaw, Josette Cadusseau, Romain K Gherardi
Aluminium (Al) oxyhydroxide (Alhydrogel(®)), the main adjuvant licensed for human and animal vaccines, consists of primary nanoparticles that spontaneously agglomerate. Concerns about its safety emerged following recognition of its unexpectedly long-lasting biopersistence within immune cells in some individuals, and reports of chronic fatigue syndrome, cognitive dysfunction, myalgia, dysautonomia and autoimmune/inflammatory features temporally linked to multiple Al-containing vaccine administrations. Mouse experiments have documented its capture and slow transportation by monocyte-lineage cells from the injected muscle to lymphoid organs and eventually the brain...
November 28, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905944/methods-of-applying-the-1994-case-definition-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-impact-on-classification-and-observed-illness-characteristics
#4
E R Unger, J-M S Lin, H Tian, B M Gurbaxani, R S Boneva, J F Jones
BACKGROUND: Multiple case definitions are in use to identify chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Even when using the same definition, methods used to apply definitional criteria may affect results. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted two population-based studies estimating CFS prevalence using the 1994 case definition; one relied on direct questions for criteria of fatigue, functional impairment and symptoms (1997 Wichita; Method 1), and the other used subscale score thresholds of standardized questionnaires for criteria (2004 Georgia; Method 2)...
March 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904120/high-frequency-rtms-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-case-series
#5
Wataru Kakuda, Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Masahiro Abo
Structural and functional abnormalities of the prefrontal cortex seem to correlate with fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). We consecutively applied facilitatory high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) of seven CFS patients over three days. Five patients completed the 3-day protocol without any adverse events. For the other two patients, we had to reduce the stimulation intensity in response to mild adverse reactions...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894380/an-attention-and-interpretation-bias-for-illness-specific-information-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#6
A M Hughes, T Chalder, C R Hirsch, R Moss-Morris
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that specific cognitions and behaviours play a role in maintaining chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). However, little research has investigated illness-specific cognitive processing in CFS. This study investigated whether CFS participants had an attentional bias for CFS-related stimuli and a tendency to interpret ambiguous information in a somatic way. It also determined whether cognitive processing biases were associated with co-morbidity, attentional control or self-reported unhelpful cognitions and behaviours...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886247/acupuncture-and-moxibustion-have-different-effects-on-fatigue-by-regulating-the-autonomic-nervous-system-a-pilot-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Qing Shu, Hua Wang, Daniela Litscher, Song Wu, Li Chen, Ingrid Gaischek, Lu Wang, Wenjuan He, Huanjiao Zhou, Gerhard Litscher, Fengxia Liang
In order to investigate the different effects of acupuncture and moxibustion on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and alterations in the autonomic nervous system by measuring heart rate variability (HRV). Forty-five participants were recruited and randomly divided into 3 groups using a randomization schedule. The control group (CG, n = 15) and the acupuncture group (AG, n = 15) were treated by manipulation acupuncture, and the moxibustion group (MG, n = 15) was treated by indirect moxibustion. Primary outcomes were the scores of the Fatigue Assessment Instrument (FAI)...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884012/gut-microbiota-bacterial-translocation-and-interactions-with-diet-pathophysiological-links-between-major-depressive-disorder-and-non-communicable-medical-comorbidities
#8
Anastasiya Slyepchenko, Michael Maes, Felice N Jacka, Cristiano A Köhler, Tatiana Barichello, Roger S McIntyre, Michael Berk, Iria Grande, Jane A Foster, Eduard Vieta, André F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Persistent low-grade immune-inflammatory processes, oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS), and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation are integral to the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). The microbiome, intestinal compositional changes, and resultant bacterial translocation add a new element to the bidirectional interactions of the gut-brain axis; new evidence implicates these pathways in the patho-aetiology of MDD. In addition, abnormalities in the gut-brain axis are associated with several chronic non-communicable disorders, which frequently co-occur in individuals with MDD, including but not limited to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), obesity, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846583/for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-shifting-tide-at-nih
#9
Meredith Wadman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845196/chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-chronic-widespread-pain-in-adolescence-population-birth-cohort-study
#10
Tom Norris, Kevin Deere, Jon H Tobias, Esther Crawley
: Whilst many studies have investigated the overlap between pain phenotypes and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in adults, little is known about the relationship between these conditions in adolescents. The study's aim was therefore to identify whether a relationship exists between chronic widespread pain (CWP) and CFS in adolescents and investigate whether the two share common associations with a set of covariates. A questionnaire was administered to offspring of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children at age 17, asking about site, duration, and pain intensity, from which participants with CWP were identified...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842587/experiences-of-general-practitioner-continuity-among-women-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Anne Helen Hansen, Olaug S Lian
BACKGROUND: Continuity of care is important for patients with chronic illness in need of coordinated healthcare services from multiple providers. Little is known about how patients with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) experience continuity of GP care. This study explores how women with CFS/ME experience GP care across the three dimensions of continuity: informational, management, and relational continuity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study uses questionnaire data collected from members of The Norwegian ME Association...
November 14, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835969/a-targeted-genome-association-study-examining-transient-receptor-potential-ion-channels-acetylcholine-receptors-and-adrenergic-receptors-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis
#12
Samantha Johnston, Donald Staines, Anne Klein, Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik
BACKGROUND: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, also known as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a debilitating condition of unknown aetiology. It is characterized by a range of physiological effects including neurological, sensory and motor disturbances. This study examined candidate genes for the above clinical manifestations to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) alleles associated with CFS/ME compared with healthy controls. METHODS: DNA was extracted and whole genome genotyping was performed using the HumanOmniExpress BeadChip array...
November 11, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834303/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-genotypes-of-transient-receptor-potential-ion-channel-and-acetylcholine-receptor-genes-from-isolated-b-lymphocytes-in-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-patients
#13
Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik, Samantha Johnston, Anu Chacko, Thao Nguyen, Peter Smith, Donald Staines
OBJECTIVE: The pathomechanism of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is unknown; however, a small subgroup of patients has shown muscarinic antibody positivity and reduced symptom presentation following anti-CD20 intervention. Given the important roles of calcium (Ca(2+)) and acetylcholine (ACh) signalling in B cell activation and potential antibody development, we aimed to identify relevant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and genotypes in isolated B cells from CFS/ME patients...
November 10, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827985/reply-to-comment-on-detection-of-mycotoxin-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-toxins-2013-5-605-617-by-mark-j-mendell
#14
Joseph Brewer, Jack Dwayne Thrasher, Dennis Hooper
The authors of [1] have received further correspondence from Mark J. Mendell [2] concerning the above paper.[...].
November 7, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827984/comment-on-detection-of-mycotoxins-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-toxins-2013-5-605-617
#15
Mark J Mendell
The paper by Brewer et al. (2013) has a key methodologic flaw [1].[...].
November 7, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827983/reply-to-comment-on-detection-of-mycotoxins-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-toxins-2013-5-605-617-by-john-w-osterman-m-d
#16
Joseph Brewer, Jack Dwayne Thrasher, Dennis Hooper
This paper [1] was an observational case study.[...].
November 7, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827982/comment-on-detection-of-mycotoxins-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-toxins-2013-5-605-617
#17
John W Osterman
The paper by Brewer et al. entitled "Detection of Mycotoxins in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.[...].
November 7, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819461/activity-patterns-in-response-to-symptoms-in-patients-being-treated-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-experience-sampling-methodology-study
#18
Rebecca Band, Christine Barrowclough, Kim Caldwell, Richard Emsley, Alison Wearden
Objective: Cognitive-behavioral models of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) propose that patients respond to symptoms with 2 predominant activity patterns-activity limitation and all-or-nothing behaviors-both of which may contribute to illness persistence. The current study investigated whether activity patterns occurred at the same time as, or followed on from, patient symptom experience and affect. Method: Twenty-three adults with CFS were recruited from U.K. CFS services. Experience sampling methodology (ESM) was used to assess fluctuations in patient symptom experience, affect, and activity management patterns over 10 assessments per day for a total of 6 days...
November 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817843/prefrontal-structure-varies-as-function-of-pain-symptoms-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#19
Marieke E van der Schaaf, Floris P De Lange, Iris C Schmits, Dirk E M Geurts, Karin Roelofs, Jos W M van der Meer, Ivan Toni, Hans Knoop
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by severe fatigue persisting for ≥6 months and leading to considerable impairment in daily functioning. Neuroimaging studies of patients with CFS have revealed alterations in prefrontal brain morphology. However, it remains to be determined whether these alterations are specific for fatigue or whether they relate to other common CFS symptoms (e.g., chronic pain, lower psychomotor speed, and reduced physical activity). METHODS: We used magnetic resonance imaging to quantify gray matter volume (GMV) and the N-acetylaspartate and N-acetylaspartylglutamate/creatine ratio (NAA/Cr) in a group of 89 women with CFS...
August 31, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810963/reply-to-vogt-et-al-metabolomics-and-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#20
Robert K Naviaux, Jane C Naviaux, Kefeng Li, A Taylor Bright, William A Alaynick, Lin Wang, Asha Baxter, Neil Nathan, Wayne Anderson, Eric Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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