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"Chronic Fatigue Syndrome"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023262/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-a-shortened-version-of-the-cognitive-behavioural-responses-questionnaire-cbrq
#1
Elizabeth G Ryan, Silia Vitoratou, Kimberley A Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: Symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) can be perpetuated by cognitive and behavioural responses to the illness. We aimed to determine the factor structure, reliability and validity of the 40-item Cognitive Behavioural Responses Questionnaire (CBRQ) using data gathered from CFS patients. We also propose a short version CBRQ for greater clinical utility. METHODS: The psychometric analysis was performed on datasets drawn from two sources: a clinical service for CFS patients (N=576) and the PACE randomised controlled trial (RCT) of CFS treatments (N=640)...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021956/grey-and-white-matter-differences-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#2
Andreas Finkelmeyer, Jiabao He, Laura Maclachlan, Stuart Watson, Peter Gallagher, Julia L Newton, Andrew M Blamire
OBJECTIVE: Investigate global and regional grey and white matter volumes in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and recent voxel-based morphometry (VBM) methods. METHODS: Forty-two patients with CFS and thirty healthy volunteers were scanned on a 3-Tesla MRI scanner. Anatomical MRI scans were segmented, normalized and submitted to a VBM analysis using randomisation methods. Group differences were identified in overall segment volumes and voxel-wise in spatially normalized grey matter (GM) and white matter (WM) segments...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992894/chronic-prostatitis-and-comorbid-non-urological-overlapping-pain-conditions-a-co-twin-control-study
#3
Marianna Gasperi, John N Krieger, Christopher Forsberg, Jack Goldberg, Dedra Buchwald, Niloofar Afari
OBJECTIVES: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is characterized by pain and voiding symptoms in the absence of an obvious infection or other cause. CP/CPPS frequently occurs with non-urological chronic overlapping pain conditions (COPCs) of unknown etiology. We conducted a co-twin control study in men discordant for chronic prostatitis (CP), an overarching diagnosis of which approximately 90% is CP/CPPS. The primary aim was to investigate the contribution of familial factors, including shared genetic and common environmental factors, to the comorbidity of CP and COPCs...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982730/exercise-therapy-is-a-beneficial-intervention-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-pedro-synthesis
#4
Jasan Dannaway, Cameron C New, Charles H New, Chris G Maher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982247/defining-and-measuring-recovery-from-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-and-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-the-physician-perspective
#5
Andrew R Devendorf, Carly T Jackson, Madison Sunnquist, Leonard A Jason
PURPOSE: To inform an operationalised definition of recovery from myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) for research and practice. Without a consensus on defining and measuring recovery, there will continue to be controversy amongst researchers, clinicians, and patients when interpreting treatment outcomes. METHOD: This study explores physicians' views on recovery from ME and CFS. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 10 physician participants who are experts in the ME and CFS field...
October 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975327/cytokine-inhibition-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#6
Megan E Roerink, Jos W M Van der Meer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975326/cytokine-inhibition-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#7
Lily Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943831/a-robust-single-injection-method-for-targeted-broad-spectrum-plasma-metabolomics
#8
Kefeng Li, Jane C Naviaux, A Taylor Bright, Lin Wang, Robert K Naviaux
BACKGROUND: Metabolomics is a powerful emerging technology for studying the systems biology and chemistry of health and disease. Current targeted methods are often limited by the number of analytes that can be measured, and/or require multiple injections. METHODS: We developed a single-injection, targeted broad-spectrum plasma metabolomic method on a SCIEX Qtrap 5500 LC-ESI-MS/MS platform. Analytical validation was conducted for the reproducibility, linearity, carryover and blood collection tube effects...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931531/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-lightning-process-in-addition-to-specialist-medical-care-for-paediatric-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Esther M Crawley, Daisy M Gaunt, Kirsty Garfield, William Hollingworth, Jonathan A C Sterne, Lucy Beasant, Simon M Collin, Nicola Mills, Alan A Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Lightning Process (LP) in addition to specialist medical care (SMC) compared with SMC alone, for children with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)/myalgic encephalitis (ME). DESIGN: Pragmatic randomised controlled open trial. Participants were randomly assigned to SMC or SMC+LP. Randomisation was minimised by age and gender. SETTING: Specialist paediatric CFS/ME service. PATIENTS: 12-18 year olds with mild/moderate CFS/ME...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921637/to-serve-or-not-to-serve-ethical-and-policy-implications
#10
Leonard A Jason
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is one of the nation's more influential health-related non-profit organizations. It plays a large role in shaping health policy by commissioning panels to develop "white papers" describing research and recommendations on a variety of health topics. These white paper publications are often used to help make policy decisions at the legislative and executive levels. Such a prominent institution might seem like a natural ally for policy-related collaborative efforts. As community psychologists, we strongly endorse efforts to positively influence public policy at the national level...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918107/depression-evening-salivary-cortisol-and-inflammation-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-psychoneuroendocrinological-structural-regression-model
#11
Sara F Milrad, Daniel L Hall, Devika R Jutagir, Emily G Lattie, Sara J Czaja, Dolores M Perdomo, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Michael H Antoni
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a poorly understood illness that is characterized by diverse somatic symptoms, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction and heightened inflammatory indicators. These symptoms are often exacerbated and accompanied by psychological distress states and depression. Since depression is known to be associated with HPA axis dysfunction and greater inflammation, a psychoneuroendocrinological (PNE) model of inflammation was examined in persons diagnosed with CFS in order to uncover underlying biopsychosocial mechanisms in this poorly understood chronic illness...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914723/inducing-somatic-symptoms-in-functional-syndrome-patients-effects-of-manipulating-state-negative-affect
#12
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons, and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aim of this study was to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity (NA) and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (N=81) and healthy controls (HC, N=41) viewed series of neutral, positive and negative affective pictures...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903778/jtm-advances-in-uncharted-territories-diseases-and-disorders-of-unknown-etiology
#13
EDITORIAL
Monica C Panelli
We are delighted to announce a new section in the Journal of Translational Medicine, 'Illnesses of Unknown Etiology'. This section aims to provide a translational medicine forum for the publication of research on illnesses, multisystem diseases and syndromes of unknown etiology. Examples of these include Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Syndrome.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888842/evidence-refuting-the-existence-of-autoimmune-autoinflammatory-syndrome-induced%C3%A2-by-adjuvants-asia
#14
Rohan Ameratunga, David Gillis, Michael Gold, Allan Linneberg, J Mark Elwood
Autoimmune/autoinflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) was described in 2011. Over time the condition and its triggers have broadened to include several autoimmune disorders, the macrophagic myofasciitis syndrome, the Gulf war syndrome, the sick building syndrome, siliconosis, and the chronic fatigue syndrome. The aluminum-containing adjuvants in the hepatitis B vaccine and the human papillomavirus vaccine in particular have been stated to be the major causes of the disorder. Here, we review the specificity of the diagnostic criteria for ASIA...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880891/altered-right-anterior-insular-connectivity-and-loss-of-associated-functions-in-adolescent-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#15
Laura Anne Wortinger, Merete Glenne Øie, Tor Endestad, Vegard Bruun Wyller
Impairments in cognition, pain intolerance, and physical inactivity characterize adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), yet little is known about its neurobiology. The right dorsal anterior insular (dAI) connectivity of the salience network provides a motivational context to stimuli. In this study, we examined regional functional connectivity (FC) patterns of the right dAI in adolescent CFS patients and healthy participants. Eighteen adolescent patients with CFS and 18 aged-matched healthy adolescent control participants underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877941/what-treatments-work-for-anxiety-in-children-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-systematic-review
#16
Sarah Victoria Ellen Stoll, Esther Crawley, Victoria Richards, Nishita Lal, Amberly Brigden, Maria E Loades
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety is more prevalent in children with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) than in the general population. A systematic review was carried out to identify which treatment methods are most effective for children with CFS and anxiety. DESIGN: Systematic review using search terms entered into the Cochrane library and Ovid to search the databases Medline, Embase and psychINFO. PARTICIPANTS: Studies were selected if participants were <18 years old, diagnosed with CFS/ME (using US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence or Oxford criteria) and had a valid assessment of anxiety...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843450/symptoms-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalopathy-are-not-determined-by-activity-pacing-when-measured-by-the-chronic-pain-coping-inventory
#17
D P Thompson, D Antcliff, S R Woby
OBJECTIVES: Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalopathy (CFS/ME) is a chronic illness which can cause significant fatigue, pain and disability. Activity pacing is frequently advocated as a beneficial coping strategy, however, it is unclear whether pacing is significantly associated with symptoms in people with CFS/ME. The first aim of this study was therefore to explore the cross-sectional associations between pacing and levels of pain, disability and fatigue. The second aim was to explore whether changes in activity pacing following participation in a symptom management programme were related to changes in clinical outcomes...
August 4, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836119/cross-cultural-study-of-information-processing-biases-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-comparison-of-dutch-and-uk-chronic-fatigue-patients
#18
Alicia M Hughes, Colette R Hirsch, Stephanie Nikolaus, Trudie Chalder, Hans Knoop, Rona Moss-Morris
PURPOSE: This study aims to replicate a UK study, with a Dutch sample to explore whether attention and interpretation biases and general attentional control deficits in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are similar across populations and cultures. METHOD: Thirty eight Dutch CFS participants were compared to 52 CFS and 51 healthy participants recruited from the UK. Participants completed self-report measures of symptoms, functioning, and mood, as well as three experimental tasks (i) visual-probe task measuring attentional bias to illness (somatic symptoms and disability) versus neutral words, (ii) interpretive bias task measuring positive versus somatic interpretations of ambiguous information, and (iii) the Attention Network Test measuring general attentional control...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830665/the-intersection-of-immune-responses-microbiota-and-pathogenesis-in-giardiasis
#19
REVIEW
Marc Y Fink, Steven M Singer
Giardia lamblia is one of the most common infectious protozoans in the world. Giardia rarely causes severe life-threatening diarrhea, and may even have a slight protective effect in this regard, but it is a major contributor to malnutrition and growth faltering in children in the developing world. Giardia infection also appears to be a significant risk factor for postinfectious irritable bowel and chronic fatigue syndromes. In this review we highlight recent work focused on the impact of giardiasis and the mechanisms that contribute to the various outcomes of this infection, including changes in the composition of the microbiota, activation of immune responses, and immunopathology...
August 19, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830024/cognitive-remediation-training-improves-performance-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#20
Richard L McBride, Sarah Horsfield, Carolina X Sandler, Joanne Cassar, Sally Casson, Erin Cvejic, Uté Vollmer-Conna, Andrew R Lloyd
Neurocognitive disturbance with subjectively-impaired concentration and memory is a common, disabling symptom reported by patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). We recently reported preliminary evidence for benefits of cognitive remediation as part of an integrated cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)/ graded exercise therapy (GET) program. Here, we describe a contemporaneous, case-control trial evaluating the effectiveness of an online cognitive remediation training program (cognitive exercise therapy; CET) in addition to CBT/GET (n=36), compared to CBT/GET alone (n=36)...
August 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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