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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822255/malnutrition-in-postacute-geriatric-care-basic-espen-diagnosis-and-etiology-based-diagnoses-analyzed-by-length-of-stay-in-hospital-mortality-and-functional-rehabilitation-indexes
#1
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Xavier Duran, Josep M Muniesa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between malnutrition and nutrition-related conditions according to the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus and guidelines and clinical outcomes in postacute rehabilitation. METHODS: Of 102 eligible inpatients, 95 (84.5 years old, 63.2% women) fulfilled inclusion criteria: aged ≥70 years, body mass index <30kg/m(2), admission for rehabilitation. Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF≤11) identified patients "at risk" and ESPEN basic and etiology based definitions were applied...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#2
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820353/a-novel-determination-of-energy-expenditure-efficiency-during-a-balance-task-using-accelerometers-a-pilot-study
#3
Alejandro Caña-Pino, Maria Dolores Apolo-Arenas, Javier Moral-Blanco, Ernesto De la Cruz-Sánchez, Luis Espejo-Antúnez
Objectives to determine the displacement of the Center of Pressure (CoP) and its association with the spectral energy density of the acceleration required for the maintenance of postural balance in different standing positions in healthy participants. Design Observational study. Setting Laboratorial study. Participants 30 healthy university students aged between 18 and 32 years old (mean±SD = 21,57 ± 3,31 years). Main outcome measures Triaxial accelerometer and a pressure platform were used in order to obtain energy spectral density and CoP sway measurements during four balance tasks...
August 18, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820154/preliminary-validation-of-an-optimized-algorithm-for-intraocular-lens-power-calculation-in-keratoconus
#4
Vicente J Camps, David P Piñero, Esteban Caravaca, Dolores De Fez
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the theoretical influence on intraocular lens power (PIOL) calculation of the use of keratometric approach for corneal power (Pc) calculation in keratoconus and to develop and validate an algorithm preliminarily to minimize this influence. METHODS: Pcwas calculated theoretically with the classical keratometric approach, the Gaussian equation, and the keratometric approach using a variable keratometric index (nkadj) dependent on r1c(Pkadj)...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819113/insights-into-the-role-of-endonuclease-v-in-rna-metabolism-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#5
Daniel García-Caballero, Guiomar Pérez-Moreno, Antonio M Estévez, Luis Miguel Ruíz-Pérez, Antonio E Vidal, Dolores González-Pacanowska
Inosine may arise in DNA as a result of oxidative deamination of adenine or misincorporation of deoxyinosine triphosphate during replication. On the other hand, the occurrence of inosine in RNA is considered a normal and essential modification induced by specific adenosine deaminases acting on mRNA and tRNA. In prokaryotes, endonuclease V (EndoV) can recognize and cleave inosine-containing DNA. In contrast, mammalian EndoVs preferentially cleave inosine-containing RNA, suggesting a role in RNA metabolism for the eukaryotic members of this protein family...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818405/dolores-gonz%C3%A3-lez-pacanowska-the-sweet-side-of-drug-discovery
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818336/association-between-premature-ventricular-complexes-during-exercise-long-term-occurrence-of-life-threatening-arrhythmia-and-mortality
#7
Jorge Aviles-Rosales, Hermes Ilarraza-Lomeli, Marianna Garcia-Saldivia, Jessica Rojano-Castillo, Maria-Dolores Rius-Suarez, Juan-Pablo Nunez-Urquiza, Pedro Iturralde
OBJECTIVE: Exercise-induced premature ventricular complexes (EiPVCs) are often considered as benign arrhythmias, nevertheless they are associated with a high risk of all-cause death in general healthy population. However, an intermediate pathophysiological process remains unclear, particularly in patients with known cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to find an association between EiPVCs, the occurrence of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (LACO) and all-cause mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease...
August 14, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817615/genotoxic-effects-of-roundup-full-ii%C3%A2-on-lymphocytes-of-chaetophractus-villosus-xenarthra-mammalia-in-vitro-studies
#8
Juan Pablo Luaces, Luis Francisco Rossi, Mónica Gabriela Chirino, Melanie Browne, María Susana Merani, Marta Dolores Mudry
In Argentina, Chaetophractus villosus has a wide distribution that overlaps with agricultural areas where soybean is the predominant crop. In such areas the pesticide Roundup Full II® (RU) is widely applied. The genotoxic effect of its active ingredient glyphosate (RU is 66.2% glyphosate) on the peripheral blood lymphocytes of C. villosus was tested over a range of concentrations (280, 420, 560, 1120 μmol/L). Culture medium without glyphosate served as negative control, while medium containing mitomycin C served as positive control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815737/retroperitoneal-gastric-duplication-mimicking-a-prenatal-adrenal-cyst
#9
Aurora Lucía Castillo-Fernández, Fernando Vázquez-Rueda, Mª Dolores Cañete, Javier Caballero-Villarraso
Duplications of the gastric tract are made up of a wide variety of masses throughout the gastrointestinal tract. They may have tubular or cystic morphology. Some duplications are associated with malformations, especially those located in the thorax, which can be associated with intestinal atresia, and malformations of the urinary tract or vetebras (Lund. 2012).
August 16, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815215/structural-characterization-of-acidic-m17-leucine-aminopeptidases-from-the-tritryps-and-evaluation-of-their-role-in-nutrient-starvation-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#10
Jennifer Timm, Maria Valente, Daniel García-Caballero, Keith S Wilson, Dolores González-Pacanowska
Leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) is found in all kingdoms of life and catalyzes the metal-dependent hydrolysis of the N-terminal amino acid residue of peptide or amino acyl substrates. LAPs have been shown to participate in the N-terminal processing of certain proteins in mammalian cells and in homologous recombination and transcription regulation in bacteria, while in parasites, they are involved in host cell invasion and provision of essential amino acids for growth. The enzyme is essential for survival in Plasmodium falciparum, where its drug target potential has been suggested...
July 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814398/plasma-lipidomic-profiles-and-cardiovascular-events-in-a-randomized-intervention-trial-with-the-mediterranean-diet
#11
Estefanía Toledo, Dong D Wang, Miguel Ruiz-Canela López, Clary B Clish, Cristina Razquin, Yan Zheng, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Adela Hruby, Dolores Corella, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, José Lapetra, Montserrat Fito, Fernando Aros, Luis Serra-Majem, Liming Liang, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martínez-González
Background: Lipid metabolites may partially explain the inverse association between the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and cardiovascular disease (CVD).Objective: We evaluated the associations between 1) lipid species and the risk of CVD (myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular death); 2) a MedDiet intervention [supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) or nuts] and 1-y changes in these molecules; and 3) 1-y changes in lipid species and subsequent CVD.Design: With the use of a case-cohort design, we profiled 202 lipid species at baseline and after 1 y of intervention in the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial in 983 participants [230 cases and a random subcohort of 790 participants (37 overlapping cases)]...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810387/the-mediating-role-of-resilience-in-the-relationship-between-personality-and-adjustment-to-disease-in-patients-with-a-drainage-enterostomy
#12
María Dolores Temprado, Sonia Agut, Eladio Collado
An understanding of what variables are involved in a better adjustment to chronic disease makes it possible to implement more suitable community healthcare interventions. It also allows the design of educational programmes aimed at increasing the independence of these patients, thereby enabling them to achieve a better health status. Both the personality and the resilience of the patient have been shown to play an important role in the process of adjusting to the new living conditions that result from having a chronic disease...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807364/initial-results-of-the-oesophageal-and-gastric-cancer-registry-from-the-comunidad-valenciana
#13
Javier Escrig, Fernando Mingol, Roberto Martí, José Puche, Ramón Trullenque, José Antonio Barreras, Francisco Asencio, Javier Aguiló, José Manuel Navarro, Carmen Alberich, Dolores Salas, Francisco Javier Lacueva
AIMS: To evaluate the initial results of the oesophagogastric cancer registry developed for the Sociedad Valenciana de Cirugía and the Health Department of the Comunidad Valenciana (Spain). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen of the 24 public hospitals belonging to the Comunidad Valenciana participated. All patients with diagnosis of oesophageal or gastric carcinomas operated from January 2013 to December 2014 were evaluated. Demographic, clinical and pathological data were analysed...
August 11, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806553/thiacloprid-adsorption-and-leaching-in-soil-effect-of-the-composition-of-irrigation-solutions
#14
José Antonio Rodríguez-Liébana, M Dolores Mingorance, Aránzazu Peña
Pressure on groundwater resources has increased during the last decades due to the growing demand, especially in arid and semiarid regions, such as the Mediterranean basin, with frequent drought periods. In order to partially remediate this environmental problem of world concern, irrigation of agricultural lands with adequately treated wastewaters (TWW) is becoming a common management practice. The complex composition of these low-quality waters may influence the behavior of organic contaminants in soils. A calcareous soil with low organic carbon content was selected for the assessment of the adsorption and leaching of the neonicotinoid insecticide thiacloprid (THC)...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803331/impact-of-monitoring-health-related-quality-of%C3%A2-life-in-clinical-practice-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Marta Murillo, Joan Bel, Jacobo Pérez, Raquel Corripio, Gemma Carreras, Xavier Herrero, Josep-Maria Mengibar, Dolors Rodriguez-Arjona, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hein Raat, Luis Rajmil
PURPOSE: To test whether the systematic monitoring of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in clinical practice in Spanish pediatric patients with T1DM helps improve their daily life in a multicenter longitudinal study. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six patients participated, recruited from five centers in Barcelona, Spain (72 girls, mean age 13.4 years). Complete data were collected for 119 patients (85%). Pediatricians were randomly assigned to the HRQOL intervention (n = 70), or control group (n = 49)...
August 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802820/attenuated-psychotic-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescent-offspring-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#16
Ana Noguera, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Soledad Romero, Elena de la Serna, Gisela Sugranyes, Vanessa Sánchez-Gistau, Dolores Moreno, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Jessica Merchán-Naranjo, Cloe Llorente, Inmaculada Baeza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801448/long-term-results-of-a-phase-ii-study-of-rituximab-and-bendamustine-for-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma
#17
Antonio Salar, Eva Domingo-Domenech, Carlos Panizo, Concepción Nicolás, Joan Bargay, Ana Muntañola, Miguel Canales, José Luis Bello, Juan Manuel Sancho, José Francisco Tomás, María José Rodríguez, Javier Peñalver, Carlos Grande, José Javier Sánchez-Blanco, Luis Palomera, Reyes Arranz, Eulogio Conde, Mar García, Juan Fernando García, Dolores Caballero, Carlos Montalbán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798705/consumer-expectations-of-online-services-in-the-insurance-industry-an-exploratory-study-of-drivers-and-outcomes
#18
M Dolores Méndez-Aparicio, Alicia Izquierdo-Yusta, Ana I Jiménez-Zarco
Today, the customer-brand relationship is fundamental to a company's bottom line, especially in the service sector and with services offered via online channels. In order to maximize its effects, organizations need (1) to know which factors influence the formation of an individual's service expectations in an online environment; and (2) to establish the influence of these expectations on customers' likelihood of recommending a service before they have even used it. In accordance with the TAM model (Davis, 1989; Davis et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797881/synthesis-and-structure-activity-relationship-study-of-novel-3-heteroarylcoumarins-based-on-pyridazine-scaffold-as-selective-mao-b-inhibitors
#19
María Carmen Costas-Lago, Pedro Besada, Fernanda Rodríguez-Enríquez, Dolores Viña, Santiago Vilar, Eugenio Uriarte, Fernanda Borges, Carmen Terán
Compounds of hybrid structure pyridazine-coumarin were discovered as potent, selective and reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). These compounds were synthesized in good yield following a multistep approach based on Knoevenagel reaction and using as key intermediate pyridazinone 16, which was obtained from maleic anhydride and furan. Compounds 9b and 9d are the most active compounds of these series, with IC50 values in the sub-micromolar range, and lack of cytotoxic effects. Theoretical calculation of ADME properties also suggested a good pharmacokinetic profile for both compounds...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797068/virulence-profiles-and-innate-immune-responses-against-highly-lethal-multidrug-resistant-nosocomial-isolates-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mexico
#20
Roberto Rosales-Reyes, Catalina Gayosso-Vázquez, José Luis Fernández-Vázquez, Ma Dolores Jarillo-Quijada, César Rivera-Benítez, José Ignacio Santos-Preciado, María Dolores Alcántar-Curiel
Virulence profiles and innate immune responses were studied in Acinetobacter baumannii from nosocomial infections collected over one year in a tertiary care hospital in Mexico. A. baumannii were identified by VITEK 2 System followed by susceptibility tests. Carbapenemase genes, active efflux mechanism to imipenem and meropenem and outer membrane proteins profile were analyzed to evaluate their role on the activity of carbapenem resistance. All isolates were genotyped by pulsed field gel electrophoresis. The ability to form biofilm was determined on a polystyrene surface...
2017: PloS One
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