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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684390/lack-of-dopamine-supersensitivity-in-rats-after-chronic-administration-of-blonanserin-comparison-with-haloperidol
#1
Takashi Hashimoto, Satoko Baba, Hiroko Ikeda, Yasunori Oda, Kenji Hashimoto, Isao Shimizu
Long-term treatment with antipsychotic drugs in patients with schizophrenia can lead to dopamine supersensitivity psychosis. It is reported that repeated administration of haloperidol caused dopamine supersensitivity in rats. Blonanserin is an atypical antipsychotic drug with high affinity for dopamine D2 , D3 and serotonin2A receptors. In this study, we investigated whether chronic administration of blonanserin leads to dopamine supersensitivity. Following oral treatment with blonanserin (0.78mg/kg) or haloperidol (1...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684091/impaired-visual-working-and-verbal-memory-in-first-episode-drug-naive-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-a-chinese-population
#2
Ce Chen, Wen-Hui Jiang, Wei Wang, Xian-Cang Ma, Ye Li, Jin Wu, Kenji Hashimoto, Cheng-Ge Gao
Cognitive impairment has been observed in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, it remains unclear whether the deficits in specific cognitive domains are present in first-episode, drug-naïve patients or medicated patients. In the present study, using the CogState battery (CSB) Chinese language version, we evaluated the visual, working, and verbal memory in first-episode drug-naive patients and medicated patients with MDD in a Chinese population. We measured the cognitive function in first-episode drug-naïve patients (n = 36), medicated MDD patients (n = 71), and age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects (n = 59) in a Chinese population...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684040/differentiation-capacities-of-ps-clusters-adult-pituitary-stem-progenitor-cell-clusters-located-in-the-parenchymal-niche-of-the-rat-anterior-lobe
#3
Saishu Yoshida, Naoto Nishimura, Hideaki Yurino, Masaaki Kobayashi, Kotaro Horiguchi, Kentaro Yano, Shin-Ichi Hashimoto, Takako Kato, Yukio Kato
Pituitary endocrine cells are supplied by Sox2-expressing stem/progenitor cells in the anterior lobe of the adult pituitary. In relation to their microenvironment ("niche"), SOX2-positive cells exist in two types of niches; the marginal cell layer-niche and the parenchymal-niche. Recently, we isolated dense stem/progenitor cell clusters from the parenchymal-niche as parenchymal stem/progenitor cell (PS)-clusters. We classified these PS-clusters into three subtypes based on differences in S100β-expression (S100β-positive, -negative, and -mixed type), and reported that S100β-positive PS-clusters exhibited the capacity for differentiation into endocrine cells under 3-dimensional cultivation system...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683968/functional-correlation-between-the-pancreas-and-the-small-intestine-in-humans-the-first-evaluation-using-a-newly-developed-enteroscopy
#4
Daijuro Hayashi, Yoshiki Hirooka, Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Takuya Ishikawa, Takamichi Kuwahara, Manabu Kawai, Takeshi Yamamura, Kazuhiro Furukawa, Kohei Funasaka, Masanao Nakamura, Ryoji Miyahara, Osamu Watanabe, Masatoshi Ishigami, Senju Hashimoto, Hidemi Goto
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate a functional correlation between the pancreas and the small intestine and the association of this relationship with nutritional status, using magnifying enteroscopy. METHODS: The subjects were adults aged 20 years or older who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. An endoscope was inserted into the jejunum, and 10% glucose was sprayed under magnifying observation to evaluate changes in blood flow in the villous capillary network...
April 19, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683020/premature-ovarian-failure-short-stature-and-hashimoto-s-disease-in-an-18-year-old-adolescent-girl-with-46-x-i-x-q10
#5
Xiang Hu, Qiao Zhang, Feng Gao, Lu-Lu Chen
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a heterogeneous condition affecting girls and women. We detected a previously healthy 18-year-old adolescent girl, presented with amenorrhea over six months, as well as circulating levels of estradiol lower decreased and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) increased. She was 138 cm tall. Results of laboratory tests and/or ultrasound investigations showed 46, X, i(X)(q10) karyotype and Hashimoto's disease. This case suggests that pubertal onset and progression, as well as karyotype analysis, should be evaluated in girls with Hashimoto's disease and short stature...
April 22, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682739/bullous-pemphigoid-induced-by-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-eight-cases-with-clinical-and-immunological-characterization
#6
Irene García-Díez, Marta Ivars-Lleó, Daniel López-Aventín, Norito Ishii, Takashi Hashimoto, Pilar Iranzo, Ramon M Pujol, Agustín España, Josep E Herrero-Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have increasingly been identified as causative agents of bullous pemphigoid. The clinical and immunological characteristics of this pemphigoid variant are still unclear. The objective of our study was to analyze the clinical and immunological features of patients with pemphigoid induced by DPP-4 inhibitors. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with DPP-4 inhibitor-associated bullous pemphigoid at dermatology departments in three Spanish centers during the period 2013 to 2015 were included...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682198/blood-free-circulating-dna-testing-by-highly-sensitive-methylation-assay-to-diagnose-colorectal-neoplasias
#7
Yutaka Suehiro, Shinichi Hashimoto, Shingo Higaki, Ikuei Fujii, Chieko Suzuki, Tomomi Hoshida, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Yuko Yamaoka, Taro Takami, Isao Sakaida, Takahiro Yamasaki
Although methylated TWIST1 is a biomarker of colorectal neoplasia, its detection from serum samples is very difficult by conventional bisulfite-based methylation assays. Therefore, we have developed a new methylation assay that enables counting of even one copy of a methylated gene in a small DNA sample amount without DNA bisulfite treatment. We performed this study to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of serum DNA testing by the new methylation assay in combination with and without the fecal immunochemical test for hemoglobin for the detection of colorectal neoplasia...
March 30, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681823/successful-treatment-of-advanced-primary-cutaneous-peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-with-oral-bexarotene-monotherapy
#8
Yota Sato, Taku Fujimura, Yumi Kambayashi, Akira Hashimoto, Setsuya Aiba
Bexarotene is a third-generation retinoid X receptor-selective retinoid that is widely used for the early treatment of advanced-stage cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. In this report, we describe a case of successful treatment of advanced primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) with oral bexarotene monotherapy. After the administration of oral bexarotene at a dose of 300 mg/m2 /day, all skin lesions and lymph nodes regressed, and complete remission was achieved for 1 year. Our case suggested that bexarotene monotherapy could be one of the possible therapies for the treatment of primary cutaneous PTCL-NOS...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679353/low-frequency-of-cervicocranial-artery-involvement-in-japanese-with-renal-artery-fibromuscular-dysplasia-compared-with-that-of-caucasians
#9
Eikan Mishima, Shu Umezawa, Takehiro Suzuki, Miki Fujimura, Michiaki Abe, Junichiro Hashimoto, Takaaki Abe, Sadayoshi Ito
BACKGROUND: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), which usually affects the renal artery, also affects the carotid, vertebral, and intracranial arteries. Previous studies have shown a high prevalence of concomitant renal artery and cervicocranial lesions in FMD patients. However, the analyzed subjects were mostly Caucasians in Western countries. METHOD: We performed a retrospective analysis to examine the prevalence of cervicocranial vascular lesions in Japanese FMD patients with renal artery involvement at a single institution...
April 20, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677409/is-there-an-association-between-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-hit-and-autoimmune-disease
#10
Brent Klinkhammer, Michael Gruchalla
BACKGROUND: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a drug-induced, immunoglobulin G medicated autoimmune disorder associated with several negative clinical outcomes including increased morbidity, mortality, and increased medical costs. Previous studies have shown associations between comorbid autoimmune diseases, but there is little known about associations between HIT and autoimmunity. PURPOSE: To provide clinical data to suggest an association between HIT and autoimmunity...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677261/reconciling-the-effects-of-screening-on-prostate-cancer-mortality-in-the-erspc-and-plco-trials
#11
Shinkan Tokudome, Ryosuke Ando, Shuji Hashimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676344/histopathological-pattern-of-thyroid-diseases-in-zaria-a-10-year-review
#12
Nasiru Raheem, Saad A Ahmed, Modupeola Oa Samaila
Context: Majority of the previous studies on thyroid diseases in Northern Nigeria focussed mainly on neoplastic lesions. The non-neoplastic lesions are more common and constitute more public health burdens. Aim: To determine the histopathological pattern of thyroid diseases in our region and compare our findings with similar studies in Nigeria and elsewhere. Settings and Design: This is a retrospective study carried out at the Department of Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, from January 2005 to December 2014 using specified criteria...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675271/the-relationship-between-peripheral-nerve-conduction-velocity-and-ophthalmological-findings-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-early-diabetic-retinopathy
#13
Azusa Ito, Hiroshi Kunikata, Masayuki Yasuda, Shojiro Sawada, Keiichi Kondo, Chihiro Satake, Kazuki Hashimoto, Naoko Aizawa, Hideki Katagiri, Toru Nakazawa
Purpose: Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) is an indicator of neuronal damage in the distal segment of the peripheral nerves. Here, we determined the association between NCV and other systemic and ocular clinical findings, in type 2 diabetes patients with early diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: This study included 42 eyes of 42 type 2 diabetes patients (median age: 54 years) with no DR or with mild nonproliferative DR. Standard statistical techniques were used to determine associations between clinical findings...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675168/alkylative-kinetic-resolution-of-vicinal-diols-under-phase-transfer-conditions-a-chiral-ammonium-borinate-catalysis
#14
Martin Pawliczek, Takuya Hashimoto, Keiji Maruoka
Herein, we report the first alkylative kinetic resolution of vicinal alcohols realized by cooperative use of a chiral quaternary ammonium salt and an achiral borinic acid. In addition, a catalytic regioselective alkylation of a secondary alcohol in the presence of an unprotected primary one is presented, emphasizing the unique selectivity and potential of this ammonium borinate catalysis.
February 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675019/enhanced-akt-phosphorylation-of-circulating-b-cells-in-patients-with-activated-pi3k%C3%AE-syndrome
#15
Takaki Asano, Satoshi Okada, Miyuki Tsumura, Tzu-Wen Yeh, Kanako Mitsui-Sekinaka, Yuki Tsujita, Youjiro Ichinose, Akira Shimada, Kunio Hashimoto, Taizo Wada, Kohsuke Imai, Osamu Ohara, Tomohiro Morio, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Masao Kobayashi
Activated PI3Kδ syndrome (APDS) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent respiratory tract infections, lymphoproliferation, and defective IgG production. Heterozygous mutations in PIK3CD, PIK3R1 , or PTEN , which are related to the hyperactive phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling, were recently presented to cause APDS1 or APDS2 (APDSs), or APDS-like (APDS-L) disorder. In this study, we examined the AKT phosphorylation of peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes in patients with APDSs and APDS-L by using flow cytometry...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674759/formulae-based-on-biomathematics-to-estimate-the-standard-value-of-fetal-growth-of-japanese
#16
Yasunari Miyagi, Katsuhiko Tada, Riko Takayoshi, Nobutsugu Oguni, Yasushi Sato, Maki Shibata, Machiko Kiyokawa, Tadashi Hashimoto, Tomoyoshi Takada, Takashi Oda, Takahito Miyake
We devised biomathematics-based formulae to estimate the standard values of fetal growth of Japanese after 22 weeks' gestation. The growth rates of bi-parietal diameter (BPD), abdominal circumference (AC), femur length (FL), and estimated fetal body weight (EFBW) at the time of gestation were assumed to be proportional to the product of the value at the time and the rest value of an unknown maximum value, respectively. The EFBW was also assumed to follow a multiple logistic function of BPD, AC and FL to fit the standard values of Japanese fetuses published by the Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine...
April 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673622/clinical-significance-of-serum-ferritin-at-diagnosis-in-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-yacht-multicenter-retrospective-study
#17
Takayoshi Tachibana, Taiki Andou, Masatsugu Tanaka, Satomi Ito, Takuya Miyazaki, Yoshimi Ishii, Eriko Ogusa, Hideyuki Koharazawa, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Kenji Motohashi, Jun Aoki, Yuki Nakajima, Kenji Matsumoto, Maki Hagihara, Chizuko Hashimoto, Jun Taguchi, Katsumichi Fujimaki, Hiroyuki Fujita, Shin Fujisawa, Heiwa Kanamori, Hideaki Nakajima
PURPOSE: A multicenter retrospective analysis was performed to evaluate the clinical significance of serum ferritin at diagnosis in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: The study cohort included 305 patients who were newly diagnosed with AML from 2000 to 2015 and received standard induction chemotherapy. Transplantation was performed in 168 patients. RESULTS: The median ferritin value was 512 ng/mL (range, 8-9475 ng/mL). Ferritin correlated with lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, and blast count, and elevation of ferritin was associated with poor performance status...
March 31, 2018: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673066/total-pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-autologous-islet-transplantation-fourteen-years-after-liver-contained-composite-visceral-transplantation
#18
Ahmed Nassar, Cristiano Quintini, Guilherme Costa, Elizabeth Lennon, Rita Bottino, Betul Hatipoglu, Koji Hashimoto, Masato Fujiki, Fouad Kandeel, R Matthew Walsh, Kareem Abu-Elmagd
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a severely disabling disorder with potential detrimental effects on quality of life, gut function, and glucose homeostasis. Disease progression often results in irreversible morphological and functional abnormalities with development of chronic pain, mechanical obstruction, and pancreatic insufficiency. Along with comprehensive medical management, the concept of total pancreatectomy and islet autotransplantation (TP-AIT) was introduced forty years ago for patients with intractable pain and preserved beta-cell function...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671215/a-patient-presenting-with-isolated-hematuria-and-renal-dysfunction-as-rare-manifestation-of-cryoglobulinemic-glomerulonephritis-in-the-course-of-autoimmune-diseases-including-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#19
Masaki Yamanaka, Yoshihide Fujigaki, Hajime Kono, Michito Nagura, Shigeyuki Arai, Yoshifuru Tamura, Tatsuru Ota, Shigeru Shibata, Fukuo Kondo, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Shunya Uchida
Autoimmune diseases are sometimes associated with immune-mediated renal diseases and cryoglobulinemia is one of the causes. Cryoglobulinemia and cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis associated with primary Sjögren's syndrome are most frequent condition among non-hepatitis C virus-related condition. Its typical renal manifestation shows high amount of proteinuria with microscopic hematuria and renal insufficiency. We describe a case of 72-year-old woman with Hashimoto disease, autoimmune hepatitis, Sjögren's syndrome, and immune-related pancytopenia complicated by cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis...
April 18, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670126/temporary-sequestration-of-cholesterol-and-phosphatidylcholine-within-extracellular-domains-of-abca1-during-nascent-hdl-generation
#20
Masato Ishigami, Fumihiko Ogasawara, Kohjiro Nagao, Hidehiko Hashimoto, Yasuhisa Kimura, Noriyuki Kioka, Kazumitsu Ueda
The quality and quantity of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in blood plasma are important for preventing coronary artery disease. ATP-binding cassette protein A1 (ABCA1) and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) play essential roles in nascent HDL formation, but controversy persists regarding the mechanism by which nascent HDL is generated. In the "direct loading model", apoA-I acquires lipids directly from ABCA1 while it is bound to the transporter. By contrast, in the "indirect model", apoA-I acquires lipids from the specific membrane domains created by ABCA1...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
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