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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723468/trends-in-antibiotic-resistance-in-urologic-practice
#1
REVIEW
Hala Kandil, Emma Cramp, Tejal Vaghela
CONTEXT: The significant global upsurge in antimicrobial resistance, particularly among Enterobacteriaceae, represents a serious threat to health care systems. The implications for urologic practice are of particular concern. OBJECTIVE: To review trends in antibiotic resistance in urologic practice. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We report current European trends of resistance in Gram-negative uropathogens. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: In addition to β-lactam resistance, Gram-negative pathogens are often resistant to multiple drug classes, including aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and carbapenems, commonly used to treat urologic infections...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723464/how-to-use-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-urological-procedures
#2
Tommaso Cai, Gernot Bonkat, Zafer Tandogdu, Riccardo Bartoletti, Florian M E Wagenlehner, Magnus Grabe, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen
A revision of clinical practice in terms of antimicrobial prophylaxis is urgently needed starting from: (1) obtaining information about local pathogen profiles and antimicrobial resistance, (2) evaluating all patient-related risk factors for the development of infectious complications, (3) and prescribing antimicrobials according to the principles of the European Association of Urology guidelines.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721972/ultrasound-imaging-features-of-isolated-pancreatic-tuberculosis
#3
Yi Dong, Christian Jürgensen, Rajesh Puri, Mirko D'Onofrio, Michael Hocke, Wen-Ping Wang, Nathan Atkinson, Malay Sharma, Christoph F Dietrich
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Isolated pancreatic tuberculosis (PTB) is extremely rare worldwide. The purpose of this multicenter retrospective study is to analyze imaging features of histologically confirmed isolated PTB in order to determine the diagnostic features of the new methods contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), ultrasound elastography and contrast enhanced endoscopic ultrasound (CE-EUS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report on a retrospective data collection of 12 cases of PTB confirmed by histology or cytology...
July 19, 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720391/recommendations-for-the-management-of-rare-kidney-cancers
#4
REVIEW
Rachel H Giles, Toni K Choueiri, Daniel Y Heng, Laurence Albiges, James J Hsieh, W Marston Linehan, Sumanta Pal, Deborah Maskens, Bill Paseman, Eric Jonasch, Gabriel Malouf, Ana M Molina, Lisa Pickering, Brian Shuch, Sandy Srinivas, Ramaprasad Srinivasan, Nizar M Tannir, Axel Bex
CONTEXT: The European Association of Urology Renal Cell Carcinoma Guideline Panel recently conducted a systematic review of treatment options for patients with advanced non-clear-cell renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), which showed a substantial lack of evidence for management recommendations. OBJECTIVE: To improve the outcomes of patients with rare kidney cancers (RKCs), we performed a subsequent unstructured review to determine current treatment strategies and druggable pathways, involving key stakeholders with a global perspective to generate recommendations...
July 15, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720369/metabolic-work-up-of-patients-with-urolithiasis-indications-and-diagnostic-algorithm
#5
REVIEW
Hans-Göran Tiselius, Michel Daudon, Kay Thomas, Christian Seitz
CONTEXT: The incidence of urinary tract stone disease is increasing and the risk of recurrent stone formation is high. Appropriate therapeutic procedures with the aim of counteracting the progress of stone formation are highly desirable. Metabolic work-up is considered essential as a base for optimal design and follow-up of effective recurrence prevention. OBJECTIVE: To scrutinize the current literature with regard to principles of metabolic work-up for this heterogeneous group of patients...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720367/the-role-of-medical-expulsive-therapy-for-ureteral-stones-against-met
#6
Jacob M Patterson, Oliver J Wiseman
We no longer advocate the use of medical expulsive therapy in our patients. We also believe that the European Association of Urology guidelines group should believe the findings of the SUSPEND study and stop advocating the use of medical expulsive therapy.
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720365/the-role-of-medical-expulsive-therapy-for-ureteral-stones-pro-met
#7
Thomas Knoll, Christian Türk
Medical expulsive therapy is efficacious in patients with ureteric stones who are amenable to conservative management. The greatest benefit might be among those with larger stones. Therefore, the European Association of Urology Guideline Panel has kept the recommendation to offer α-blockers for patients with distal ureteral stones of 5-10mm.
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719893/treatment-of-copd-exacerbation-in-switzerland-results-and-recommendations-of-the-european-copd-audit
#8
Michael Buess, Daniel Schilter, Tino Schneider, Marc Maurer, Heinz Borer, Robert Thurnheer, Erich Köhler, Lilian Junker, Kathleen Jahn, Michael Grob, Jochen Rüdiger, Thomas Geiser, Erich Helfenstein, Markus Solèr, René Fiechter, Thomas Sigrist, Patrick Brun, Jürg Barandun, Eva Koltai, José Luis López-Campos, Sylvia Hartl, Michael Roberts, Desiree M Schumann, Michael Tamm, Daiana Stolz
BACKGROUND: The European COPD Audit initiated by the European Respiratory Society (ERS) evaluated the management of hospital admissions due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in several European countries. Data on the treatment of severe acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPDs) in Switzerland are scarce. OBJECTIVES: In light of the GOLD 2010 guidelines, this work aims to examine the quality of care for AECOPD and to provide specific recommendations for the management of severe AECOPD in Switzerland...
July 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718981/health-economic-analysis-of-allergen-immunotherapy-ait-for-the-management-of-allergic-rhinitis-asthma-food-allergy-and-venom-allergy-a-systematic-overview
#9
REVIEW
Miqdad Asaria, Sangeeta Dhami, Ronald van Ree, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Antonella Muraro, Graham Roberts, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is developing guidelines for allergen immunotherapy (AIT) for the management of allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, IgE-mediated food allergy and venom allergy. To inform the development of clinical recommendations, we undertook systematic reviews to critically assess evidence on the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of AIT for these conditions. This paper focusses on synthesizing data and gaps in the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of AIT for these conditions...
July 18, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716318/surveillance-strategies-for-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#10
REVIEW
Randy A Vince, Adam P Klausner
Patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) experience significant morbidity and mortality due to urological complications including upper tract damage and bladder malignancy. This has led to increased surveillance in patients NLUTD. This article discusses the methods available for surveillance of patients with NLUTD and pulls information from the largest and most established organizations that have produced evidence-based surveillance guidelines for NLUTD. These organizations include the Paralyzed Veterans of America (PVA), US Department of Veterans Affairs, European Association of Urology (EAU), The NICE organization from the UK, and cites additional literature not been included in these documents...
August 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714997/-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice-the-sixth-joint-task-force-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-and-other-societies-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice-constituted-by-representatives
#11
Massimo F Piepoli, Arno W Hoes, Stefan Agewall, Christian Albus, Carlos Brotons, Alberico L Catapano, Marie-Therese Cooney, Ugo Corrà, Bernard Cosyns, Christi Deaton, Ian Graham, Michael Stephen Hall, F D Richard Hobbs, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Herbert Löllgen, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Joep Perk, Eva Prescott, Josep Redon, Dimitrios J Richter, Naveed Sattar, Yvo Smulders, Monica Tiberi, H Bart van der Worp, Ineke van Dis, W M Monique Verschuren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714849/proposal-for-a-unified-classification-system-and-nomenclature-of-lagoviruses
#12
Jacques Le Pendu, Joana Abrantes, Stéphane Bertagnoli, Jean-Sébastien Guitton, Ghislaine Le Gall-Reculé, Ana Margarida Lopes, Stéphane Marchandeau, Fernando Alda, Tereza Almeida, Alves Paulo Célio, Juan Bárcena, Galina Burmakina, Esther Blanco, Carlos Calvete, Patrizia Cavadini, Brian Cooke, Kevin Dalton, Miguel Delibes Mateos, Wieslaw Deptula, John Sebastian Eden, Fang Wang, Catarina C Ferreira, Paula Ferreira, Pilar Foronda, David Gonçalves, Dolores Gavier-Widén, Robin Hall, Beata Hukowska-Szematowicz, Peter Kerr, John Kovaliski, Antonio Lavazza, Jackie Mahar, Alexander Malogolovkin, Raquel M Marques, Sara Marques, Aaron Martin-Alonso, Pedro Monterroso, Sacramento Moreno, Greg Mutze, Aleksija Neimanis, Paulina Niedzwiedzka-Rystwej, David Peacock, Francisco Parra, Mara Rocchi, Carlos Rouco, Nathalie Ruvoën-Clouet, Eliane Silva, Diogo Silvério, Tanja Strive, Gertrudes Thompson, Beata Tokarz-Deptula, Pedro Esteves
Lagoviruses belong to the Caliciviridae family. They were first recognized as highly pathogenic viruses of the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) that emerged in the 1970-1980s, namely, rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and European brown hare syndrome virus (EBHSV), according to the host species from which they had been first detected. However, the diversity of lagoviruses has recently expanded to include new related viruses with varying pathogenicity, geographic distribution and host ranges...
July 17, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714615/-arni-new-abbreviation-for-a-new-class-of-treatment-of-heart-failure
#13
Soran Karimzadeh, Hazrije Mustafić, Tomoe Stampfli Andres
ARNI (Angiontensin Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitor) are a new class of drug : the angiotensin and neprilysin inhibitors. This combined effect allows an optimisation of the heart failure treatment by acting on both pathways of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and of the natriuretic peptides. LCZ696 is a combined molecule of valsartan and sacubitril and is currently the only one on the market. Its efficacy has been shown in a large randomised trial in 2014, and LCZ696 is now part of the last 2016 European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the management of heart failure...
March 1, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714407/update-of-standard-practices-for-new-method-validation-in-forensic-toxicology
#14
Sarah M R Wille, Wim Coucke, Thierry De Baere, Frank T Peters
: International agreement concerning validation guidelines is important as reporting reliable analytical data is the backbone of forensic bioanalytical research and applications. Guidelines such as those provided by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the German speaking Gesellschaft für Toxikologie und Forensische Chemie (GTFCH) and the Scientific Working Group of Forensic Toxicology (SWGTOX) provide a standard for fundamental validation parameters such as selectivity, matrix effects, method limits, calibration, accuracy and stability, as well as other parameters such as carryover, dilution integrity and incurred sample reanalysis...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713093/legal-regulation-of-the-production-and-trade-of-medical-devices-and-medical-equipment-in-the-eu-and-us-experience-for-ukraine
#15
Vitalii Pashkov, Alla Kotvitska, Andrii Harkusha
INTRODUCTION: The need for effective legal regulation of production and sale of medical products in Ukraine due to its social effect is obvious and requires a high level of clarity. The experience of more advanced countries in this area, given the way chosen by Ukraine to harmonize our laws with EU legislation, is certainly could be a useful source of information. The urgency of issues need further intensification of national legal reforms. Some key points on concept of legal regulation of abovementioned sphere is a base of this study...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710780/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#16
O Kalejaiye, Amr Abdel Raheem, A Moubasher, M Capece, S McNeillis, A Muneer, N Christopher, G Garaffa, D Ralph
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of OSA in men presenting with ED at a single centre. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All men attending a specialised andrology outpatient department with a new diagnosis of erectile dysfunction were included in this prospective study. All patients completed 3 questionnaires: International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and 2 sleep questionnaires. The sleep questionnaires used were the 'OSA screening' questionnaire and the Insomnia severity index'...
July 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709817/evaluation-of-a-guidelines-based-approach-to-the-treatment-of-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria
#17
Jorge Sánchez, Josefina Zakzuk, Ricardo Cardona
BACKGROUND: International scientific associations have made recommendations for the management of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) that have been summarized in clinical guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical impact of guideline recommendations for CSU management. METHODS: A multicenter, triple-blinded, prospective, randomized study (the Urticaria Research of Tropical Impact and Control Assessment project; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01940393) was performed...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709446/omitting-duodenal-biopsy-in-children-with-suspected-celiac-disease-and-extra-intestinal-symptoms
#18
Mauro Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Sara Pagani, Daniela Larizza, Valeria Calcaterra, Ombretta Luinetti, Giovanni Farello, Carmine Tinelli, Lorenzo Iughetti
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to evaluate if in children with highly positive serology and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 (triple test, TT) and only extra-intestinal symptoms, it is possible to omit performing an intestinal biopsy for celiac disease (CD) diagnosis, as suggested by the new European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition ESPGHAN guidelines. METHODS: In this retrospective study a total of 105 patients, suspected of having CD because of extra-intestinal symptoms and showing serum tissue transglutaminase antibody (anti-tTG) and anti-endomysial antibody (EMA) measurements and HLA genotyping, were considered for the final analysis (33 boys and 72 girls; age range 1...
July 15, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708268/screening-protocols-to-monitor-respiratory-status-in-primary-immunodeficiency-disease-findings-from-a-european-survey-and-subclinical-infection-working-group
#19
Stephen Jolles, Silvia Sánchez-Ramón, Isabella Quinti, Pere Soler-Palacín, Carlo Agostini, Benoit Florkin, Louis-Jean Couderc, Nicholas Brodszki, Alison Jones, Hilary Longhurst, Klaus Warnatz, Filomeen Haerynck, Andrea Matucci, Esther de Vries
Many patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) who have antibody deficiency develop progressive lung disease due to underlying subclinical infection and inflammation. To understand how these patients are monitored we conducted a retrospective survey based on patient records of 13 PID centres across Europe, regarding the care of 1,061 adult and 178 paediatric patients with PID on IgG replacement. The most common diagnosis was common variable immunodeficiency in adults (75%), and hypogammaglobulinaemia in children (39%)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705803/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-proceedings-from-the-2016-cincinnati-international-turner-syndrome-meeting
#20
Claus H Gravholt, Niels H Andersen, Gerard S Conway, Olaf M Dekkers, Mitchell E Geffner, Karen O Klein, Angela E Lin, Nelly Mauras, Charmian A Quigley, Karen Rubin, David E Sandberg, Theo C J Sas, Michael Silberbach, Viveca Söderström-Anttila, Kirstine Stochholm, Janielle A van Alfen-van derVelden, Joachim Woelfle, Philippe F Backeljauw
Turner syndrome affects 25-50 per 100,000 females and can involve multiple organs through all stages of life, necessitating multidisciplinary approach to care. Previous guidelines have highlighted this, but numerous important advances have been noted recently. These advances cover all specialty fields involved in the care of girls and women with TS. This paper is based on an international effort that started with exploratory meetings in 2014 in both Europe and the USA, and culminated with a Consensus Meeting held in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA in July 2016...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
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