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Journal of clinical nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019343/the-association-between-dietary-inflammatory-properties-and-bone-mineral-density-and-risk-of-fracture-in-us-adults
#1
M Mazidi, N Shivappa, M D Wirth, J R Hebert, H Vatanparast, A P Kengne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of dietary inflammatory index (DII) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in adult Americans.Subjects/Method:The United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants during 2005-2010 were included if they had measured data on dietary intake and BMD. DII scores were calculated from estimated micro- and macronutrients from a single 24-h dietary recall. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry densitometers...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963803/resting-metabolic-rate-of-indian-junior-soccer-players-testing-agreement-between-measured-versus-selected-predictive-equations
#2
Keren Susan Cherian, Faaiza Shahkar, Ashok Sainoji, Nagalla Balakrishna, Venkata Ramana Yagnambhatt
OBJECTIVES: Owing to a dearth of research related to Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) among adolescent athletes in India, our study aimed to document RMR among junior soccer players (JSP) and to identify suitable RMR predictive models for JSP from nine existing equations. METHODS: Forty Indian JSP (Boys = 21, Girls = 19) representing the under-12 and under-16 age categories were assessed for body composition (skinfold technique) and RMR (oxycon mobile). Two-way ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to examine the differences across age and sex...
September 30, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952611/associations-between-fruits-vegetables-vitamin-a-%C3%AE-carotene-and-flavonol-dietary-intake-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-elderly-women-in-korea-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#3
E-K Kim, H Kim, O Kwon, N Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the principal causes of blindness. This study investigated the association between diet and the prevalence of AMD in elderly Korean women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Study subjects were women aged ⩾65 years (n=1008) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). The presence of early- and late-onset AMD was determined on the basis of a fundus photograph from a health examination survey...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952609/mediterranean-type-diet-is-associated-with-higher-psychological-resilience-in-a-general-adult-population-findings-from-the-moli-sani-study
#4
M Bonaccio, A Di Castelnuovo, S Costanzo, G Pounis, M Persichillo, C Cerletti, M B Donati, G de Gaetano, L Iacoviello
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Psychological resilience is a measure of stress coping ability and has been associated with favourable health outcomes. While evidence on the relationship of dietary habits with a number of psychosocial conditions is available, there is lack of studies on their association with psychological resilience in a general adult population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis on 10 812 subjects recruited within the cohort of the Moli-sani study (2005-2010)...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952608/egg-consumption-cardiovascular-diseases-and-type-2-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
N R W Geiker, M Lytken Larsen, J Dyerberg, S Stender, A Astrup
Eggs are rich in nutrients and a source of essential fatty- and amino acids, and the food item with highest cholesterol content. Since the 1970s dietary recommendations have advised limiting egg intake to 2-4 a week for the healthy population, and in those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) an even more restricted consumption. The aim of the present paper was to assess the recommendation to lower the dietary intake of cholesterol and especially the intake of egg to reduce the risk of CVD and T2D...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952607/vitamin-k-induced-effects-on-body-fat-and-weight-results-from-a-3-year-vitamin-k2-intervention-study
#6
M H J Knapen, K M Jardon, C Vermeer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin K status has been linked to fat and glucose metabolism by several authors, but whether high vitamin K intake influences body weight or composition has remained unclear. Here we tested the hypothesis that increased vitamin K intake decreases body fat or fat distribution. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a randomized placebo-controlled human intervention trial, 214 postmenopausal women, 55-65 years of age, received either 180 mcg/day of vitamin K2 (menaquinone-7, MK-7) or placebo for 3 years...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952606/relation-between-body-composition-at-birth-and-child-development-at-2-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study-among-ethiopian-children
#7
M Abera, M Tesfaye, T Girma, C Hanlon, G S Andersen, J C Wells, B Admassu, R Wibaek, H Friis, P Kæstel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Birth weight (BW), independent of socioeconomic status, has been identified as a predictor for childhood cognitive development. However, it is not known whether this relation is related to low BW per se or particularly related to a deficit in fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass (FFM) at birth. This study therefore aimed at investigating the relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An Ethiopian birth cohort was followed up at 2 years...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952605/should-europe-follow-the-us-and-declare-obesity-a-disease-a-discussion-of-the-so-called-utilitarian-argument
#8
REVIEW
S Vallgårda, M E J Nielsen, A K K Hansen, K ÓCathaoir, M Hartlev, L Holm, B J Christensen, J D Jensen, T I A Sørensen, P Sandøe
In 2013, the American Medical Association (AMA) decided to recognize obesity as a disease. One of the main arguments presented in favor of this was broadly 'utilitarian': the disease label would, it was claimed, provide more benefits than harms and thereby serve the general good. Several individuals and groups have argued that this reasoning is just as powerful in the European context. Drawing mainly on a review of relevant social science research, we discuss the validity of this argument. Our conclusion is that in a Western European welfare state, defining obesity as a disease will not on balance serve the general good, and that it is therefore more appropriate to continue to treat obesity as a risk factor...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945919/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#9
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Kate M O'Brien, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Nicole K Nathan, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase Classic and Embase to identify eligible trials on 30 September 2016...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932373/cohort-profile-update-the-amirkola-health-and-ageing-project-ahap
#10
Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi, Ebrahim Mikaniki, Farzan Kheirkhah, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mina Motallebnejad, Haleh Esmaili, Fatemeh Majidi, Robert Graham Cumming, Seyed Reza Hosseini
The original cohort study of AHAP started in 2011 on 1616 elderly residents of Amirkola, northern part of Iran near the Caspian Sea. The main goal of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the health of the elderly in the region with the emphasis on chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The first cohort profile was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology in 2014. The phase 1 AHAP showed the elevated level of some diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, obesity, vision problems and relatively low levels of oral health...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#11
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901337/associations-between-dietary-factors-and-markers-of-nafld-in-a-general-dutch-adult-population
#12
A Rietman, D Sluik, E J M Feskens, F J Kok, M Mensink
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this sudy was to assess the relationship between dietary intake and fatty liver as scored by the validated Fatty Liver Index (FLI) in a large cross-sectional study among a general Dutch adult population. Diet is known to affect liver fat accumulation in humans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1128 men and women aged 20-70 years were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. FLI was derived from body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides and gamma-glutamyltransferase...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901336/vitamin-d-and-probiotics-supplement-use-in-young-children-with-genetic-risk-for-type-1-diabetes
#13
J Yang, R N Tamura, U M Uusitalo, C A Aronsson, K Silvis, A Riikonen, N Frank, G Joslowski, C Winkler, J M Norris, S M Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and probiotics are nutrients of interest in the context of type 1 diabetes (T1D). We assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with vitamin D and probiotic supplementations among young children with genetic risk of T1D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Use of supplements during the first 2 years of life was collected prospectively from 8674 children in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. RESULTS: Single and/or multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements were reported by 81% of the children...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901335/enteral-versus-parenteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-with-severe-pancreatitis-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
H Yao, C He, L Deng, G Liao
Whether enteral nutrition (EN) is superior to parenteral nutrition (PN) in critically ill patients with severe acute pancreatitis remains unknown. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the effects of EN versus PN on clinical outcomes in a subgroup of pancreatitis patients. Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched in Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science from inception to August 2016. Ultimately, five RCTs including 348 patients were enrolled in this analysis. Compared with PN, EN was associated with a significant reduction in overall mortality (risk ratio (RR)=0...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901334/rainfall-shocks-are-not-necessarily-a-sensitive-early-indicator-of-changes-in-wasting-prevalence
#15
N A Ledlie, H Alderman, J L Leroy, L You
Evidence on the impact of weather shocks on child nutrition focuses on linear growth retardation (stunting) and thus, associates the effect of a short-term measure (weather events) on a cumulative measure (attained height). Relatively little is known on how weather shocks predict increases in wasting in a population. This study explores whether deviation in rainfall in Ethiopia, a drought prone country, is a sensitive indicator of future increases in wasting. Around 12% of children 0-23 months were wasted, but we found no consistent association between the rainfall shock variables and child weight-for-height Z-scores...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901333/a-paleolithic-type-diet-results-in-iodine-deficiency-a-2-year-randomized-trial-in-postmenopausal-obese-women
#16
S Manousou, M Stål, C Larsson, C Mellberg, B Lindahl, R Eggertsen, L Hulthén, T Olsson, M Ryberg, S Sandberg, H F Nyström
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Different diets are used for weight loss. A Paleolithic-type diet (PD) has beneficial metabolic effects, but two of the largest iodine sources, table salt and dairy products, are excluded. The objectives of this study were to compare 24-h urinary iodine concentration (24-UIC) in subjects on PD with 24-UIC in subjects on a diet according to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) and to study if PD results in a higher risk of developing iodine deficiency (ID), than NNR diet...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901332/prolonged-hypotension-associated-with-wernicke-s-encephalopathy
#17
H Maeda, A Kuriyama, T Tanaka
A diagnosis of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is difficult. Transient hypotension has been reported as a rare complication of WE. We herein report a case of prolonged hypotension and dysuautonomia associated with WE in a 69-year-old man with underlying alcohol abuse. Without apparent etiology of shock, this patient remained hypotensive for 9 days, requiring a vasopressor, despite daily administration of thiamine 600 mg. Fluctuation of blood pressure caused by postural change and bradycardia in the presence of shock indicated that this patient had dysautonomia...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901331/raw-bia-variables-are-predictors-of-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
F de Blasio, M G Santaniello, F de Blasio, G Mazzarella, A Bianco, L Lionetti, F M E Franssen, L Scalfi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although loss of fat-free mass (FFM) and reduced muscle strength are highly prevalent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), only few data are available on the relationships of handgrip strength (HGS) and respiratory muscle strength with body composition in such disease. In particular, we aimed to assess whether raw bioelectrical impedance (BIA) variables were independent predictors of muscle strength in COPD patients, possibly more significant than anthropometric variables and BIA-based estimates of FFM...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876335/factors-associated-with-the-practice-of-nursing-staff-sharing-information-about-patients-nutritional-status-with-their-colleagues-in-hospitals
#19
Y Kawasaki, Y Tamaura, R Akamatsu, M Sakai, K Fujiwara
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nursing staff have an important role in patients' nutritional care. The aim of this study was to demonstrate how the practice of sharing a patient's nutritional status with colleagues was affected by the nursing staff's attitude, knowledge and their priority to provide nutritional care. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The participants were 492 nursing staff. We obtained participants' demographic data, the practice of sharing patients' nutritional information and information about participants' knowledge, attitude and priority of providing nutritional care by the questionnaire...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876333/folate-vitamin-b12-homocysteine-and-polymorphisms-in-folate-metabolizing-genes-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-and-their-mothers
#20
K E Elizabeth, S L Praveen, N R Preethi, V T Jissa, M R Pillai
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the role of variations in serum folate, vitamin B12, homocysteine and the presence of genetic polymorphisms as risk factors for congenital heart disease (CHD) in children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 32 children with CHD, and their mothers and 32 normal children and their mothers formed the study and control groups, respectively. Serum folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine as well as genetic polymorphisms MTHFR C677→︀T, MTHFR A1298→︀C, MTR A2756→︀G and MTRR A66→︀G were assessed...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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