keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of clinical nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623690/observation-about-phosphorus-and-protein-supply-in-cats-and-dogs-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
L F Böswald, E Kienzle, B Dobenecker
There is evidence that nutritional phosphorus (P) excess may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and pets (Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal (2014), 5, 104; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (2013), 98, 6; Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, (2017); The source of phosphorus influences serum PTH, apparent digestibility and blood levels of calcium and phosphorus in dogs fed high phosphorus diets with balanced Ca/P ratio. Proc. Waltham International Nutritional Sciences Symposium, USA; Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods, 2017, Springer Science+Business, Media)...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607494/inhaled-anti-pseudomonal-antibiotics-for-long-term-therapy-in-cystic-fibrosis
#2
REVIEW
Sherie Smith, Nicola J Rowbotham, Kate H Regan
BACKGROUND: Inhaled antibiotics are commonly used to treat persistent airway infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa that contributes to lung damage in people with cystic fibrosis. Current guidelines recommend inhaled tobramycin for individuals with cystic fibrosis and persistent Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection who are aged six years or older. The aim is to reduce bacterial load in the lungs so as to reduce inflammation and deterioration of lung function. This is an update of a previously published review...
March 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607447/oropharyngeal-dysphagia-evaluation-tools-in-adults-with-solid-malignancies-outside-the-head-and-neck-and-upper-gi-tract-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Ciarán Kenny, Órla Gilheaney, Declan Walsh, Julie Regan
Dysphagia is often associated with head and neck and upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancers. Evidence suggests that those with solid malignancies in other primary sites may also have swallowing difficulties. Timely and accurate identification of dysphagia is important given the impact it has on hydration, medical treatment, nutrition, prognosis, and quality of life. A systematic review was conducted to identify swallow screening, evaluation, and quality of life tools for those with solid malignancies outside the head and neck and upper GI tract...
April 2, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582079/2017-update-on-pediatric-medical-overuse-a-review
#4
Eric R Coon, Paul C Young, Ricardo A Quinonez, Daniel J Morgan, Sanket S Dhruva, Alan R Schroeder
Importance: Medical overuse has historically focused on adult health care, but interest in how children are affected by medical overuse is increasing. This review examines important research articles published in 2016 that address pediatric overuse. Observations: A structured search of PubMed and a manual review of the tables of contents of 10 journals identified 169 articles related to pediatric overuse published in 2016, from which 8 were selected based on the quality of methods and potential harm to patients in terms of prevalence and magnitude...
March 26, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569135/malnutrition-and-refeeding-syndrome-prevention-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-from-theory-to-clinical-application
#5
REVIEW
Akil Kaderbay, Ihab Atallah, Eric Fontaine, Marine Chobert-Bakouline, Stephanie Schmitt, Philipp Mitariu, Christian Adrien Righini
PURPOSE: The goal of this review is to raise awareness about refeeding syndrome (RFS) and to give a comprehensive presentation of recent guidelines and latest scientific data about nutritional management among head and neck cancer (HNC) patients while focusing on RFS prevention. METHODS: A review of literature for nutritional assessment and RFS management was conducted. Electronic searches of Medline, Cochrane, PubMed and Embase databases for articles published in peer-reviewed journals were conducted from February to September 2017 using the keywords: "nutrition assessment", "head and neck cancer", "refeeding syndrome" and "guidelines"...
May 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564356/chinese-research-into-severe-ulcerative-colitis-has-increased-in-quantity-and-complexity
#6
Cheng-Xin Luo, Zhong-Hui Wen, Yu Zhen, Zhu-Jun Wang, Jing-Xi Mu, Min Zhu, Qin Ouyang, Hu Zhang
AIM: To investigate the current state of research output from Chinese studies into severe ulcerative colitis (SUC) using a bibliometric analysis of publications. METHODS: The contents of the Chinese periodical databases WANFANG, VIP, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched for all papers regarding UC or SUC published in last the 15 years (from 2001 to 2015). The number of publications in each year was recorded to assess the temporal trends of research output...
March 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546448/the-impact-of-total-body-prehabilitation-on-post-operative-outcomes-after-major-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Alison Luther, Joseph Gabriel, Richard P Watson, Nader K Francis
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in perioperative care, post-operative clinical and functional outcomes after major abdominal surgery can be suboptimal. Prehabilitation programmes attempt to optimise a patient's preoperative condition to improve outcomes. Total body prehabilitation includes structured exercise, nutritional optimisation, psychological support and cessation of negative health behaviours. This systematic review aims to report on the current literature regarding the impact of total body prehabilitation prior to major abdominal surgery...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527317/implication-of-exercise-interventions-on-sleep-disturbance-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Noriko Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) have long been known to have high rates of depression. Depression in patients with PC can be linked to sleep disturbance. The American College of Sports Medicine notes that physical exercise is safe for most patients with cancer and physical inactivity should be avoided. However, clinical impacts of exercise interventions (EIs) on patients with PC have been poorly investigated. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of EIs on sleep disturbance in patients with PC using actigraphy, which is an objective measurement of motor activity and sleep...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527314/clinical-impact-of-physical-exercise-on-sleep-disorder-as-assessed-by-actigram-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Noriko Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction: In most chronic pancreatitis (CP) cases, malabsorption, pain, and weight loss are the leading clinical symptoms, which significantly worsen the quality of life (QOL) and decreased QOL in patients with CP can cause sleep disorder. There is a growing body of evidence that recognises the favourable effects of physical exercise (PE), however, there are limited data currently available concerning patients with CP undergoing PE. Actigram is a device for gathering objective sleep/awake data in the natural sleeping surroundings over an extended time period...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510494/effects-of-the-usage-of-l-cysteine-l-cys-on-human-health
#10
REVIEW
Noelia Clemente Plaza, Manuel Reig García-Galbis, Rosa María Martínez-Espinosa
This review summarizes recent knowledge about the use of the amino acid l-Cysteine (l-Cys) through diet, nutritional supplements or drugs with the aim to improve human health or treat certain diseases. Three databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science) and different keywords have been used to create a database of documents published between 1950 and 2017 in scientific journals in English or Spanish. A total of 60,885 primary publications were ultimately selected to compile accurate information about the use of l-Cys in medicine and nutritional therapies and to identify the reported benefits of l-Cys on human health...
March 3, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499084/physical-activity-diet-and-other-behavioural-interventions-for-improving-cognition-and-school-achievement-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-or-overweight
#11
REVIEW
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465538/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-programs-for-esophagectomy-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Feiyu Liu, Wei Wang, Chengde Wang, Xiaonu Peng
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer is one of the worst malignant digestive neoplasms with poor treatment outcomes. Esophagectomy plays an important role and offers a potential curable chance to these patients. However, esophagectomy with radical lymphadenectomy is known as one of the most invasive digestive surgeries which are associated with high morbidity and mortality. The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is a patient-centered, surgeon-led system combining anesthesia, nursing, nutrition, and psychology, which is designed for reducing complications, promoting recovery, and improving treatment outcomes...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376563/physical-activity-diet-and-other-behavioural-interventions-for-improving-cognition-and-school-achievement-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-or-overweight
#13
REVIEW
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365346/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Fiona G Stacey, Kate M O'Brien, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and Embase to identify eligible trials on 25 September 2017...
January 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338698/enteral-immunonutrition-versus-enteral-nutrition-for-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-a-total-gastrectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Ying Cheng, Junfeng Zhang, Liwei Zhang, Juan Wu, Zhen Zhan
BACKGROUND: Nutrition support is a common means for patients with gastric cancer, especially for those undergoing elective surgery. Recently, enteral immunonutrition (EIN) was increasingly found to be more effective than enteral nutrition (EN) in enhancing the host immunity and eventually improving the prognosis of gastric cancer patients undergoing gastrectomy. However, the results reported were not consistent. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the impact of EIN for patients with GC on biochemical, immune indices and clinical outcomes...
January 16, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333278/clinical-influence-of-exercise-therapy-on-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Noriko Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) involves progressive inflammatory changes to the pancreas and can lead to permanent structural damage and impairment of both endocrine and exocrine functions. Current reports highlight a rise in the incidence and prevalence of CP. However, there is limited data currently available concerning patients with CP undergoing exercise therapy (ET). We aim to prospectively examine the influence of ET on sarcopenia in patients with CP. Methods and analysis: A detailed evaluation of the nutritional condition and the daily physical activities of each participant will be conducted prior to entering the study...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280640/homemade-diet-versusdiet-industrialized-for-patients-using-alternative-feeding-tube-at-home-an-integrative-review
#17
Sarah Cândido Franca, Sérgio Alberto Rupp de Paiva, Maria Helena Borgato, Cassiana Mendes Bertoncello Fontes, Janete Pessuto Simonetti, Silvana Andrea Molina Lima, Sílvia Justina Papini
BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition therapy can be provided using comercialized products (chemically defined formulas) or blenderized home-made preparations. OBJECTIVE: To perform an integrative review of the literature comparing the use of both type of formulation. METHODS: In this descriptive study papers published in English, Spanish or Portuguese Brazil, in journals indexed in the databases PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science and Bireme without the period 2010 to 2015 were reviewed The terms "enteral nutrition, foods, formulated, diet, homemade diet industrial and artisanal diet" according to the MeSH were used for the search...
November 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#18
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183931/early-low-energy-versus-high-energy-enteral-nutrition-support-in-patients-with-traumatic-intracerebral-haemorrhage-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Yanfei Shen, Xuping Cheng, Manzhen Ying, Weimin Zhang, Xuandong Jiang, Kailei Du
BACKGROUND: Early enteral nutrition (EN) is associated with shorter hospital stay and lower infection and mortality rates in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage. However, high-energy support always causes clinical complications, such as diarrhoea and aspiration pneumonia, and the true benefit of high-energy support in these patients has not been investigated. The appropriate amount of energy support still needs further investigation. Therefore, we are performing a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether early low-energy EN can decrease mortality and feeding-related complications and improve neurological outcomes as compared with high-energy EN in traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage (TICH) patients...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153154/a-100-year-review-from-ascorbic-acid-to-zinc-mineral-and-vitamin-nutrition-of-dairy-cows
#20
W P Weiss
Mineral and vitamin nutrition of dairy cows was studied before the first volume of the Journal of Dairy Science was published and is still actively researched today. The initial studies on mineral nutrition of dairy cows were simple balance experiments (although the methods available at the time for measuring minerals were anything but simple). Output of Ca and P in feces, urine, and milk was subtracted from intake of Ca and P, and if values were negative it was often assumed that cows were lacking in the particular mineral...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
keyword
keyword
45535
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"