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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221535/outcomes-of-global-public-health-training-program-for-us-minority-students-a-case-report
#1
Noa Krawczyk, Luz Claudio
The numbers and success of minority students in science and the health fields remain relatively low. This study presents the outcomes of a research training program as an illustrative case study. The Short-Term Training Program for Minority Students (STPMS) recruits underrepresented minority undergraduate and graduate students for immersion in research training. A total of 69 students participated in the STPMS between 1995 and 2012, and 59 of these completed our survey to determine the perceived impact of the program on the students' motivations and professional development...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221498/influence-of-community-based-education-on-undergraduate-health-professions-students-decision-to-work-in-underserved-areas-in-uganda
#2
Samuel Kizito, Rhona Baingana, Kintu Mugagga, Peter Akera, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Uganda is beset by a shortage of health workers and the few available are mal-distributed. Providing rural exposure through community-based education could positively influence students' perspectives towards work in rural areas. We aimed to assess the impact of Community-Based Education and Research (COBERS) on health professions students' attitudes towards working in rural areas. This was a before-and-after study among 525 students of 4 medical universities in Uganda. Data was collected using self-administered paper-based questionnaires...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220631/economic-myths-regarding-gay-men-and-lesbians
#3
Wayne W Wilkinson
Based on Badgett (2001), the present research was aimed at developing a measure of economic myths regarding the gay community. Using undergraduate (N = 332) and Amazon Mechanical Turk (N = 212) samples, Study 1 resulted in a 6-item unidimensional and reliable measure, the Economic Myths regarding Gays Scale (EMGS), that was minimally related to other measures of sexual orientation attitudes. Study 2 (N = 210 undergraduates) found that endorsement of economic myths was associated with system justification beliefs that economic inequalities were natural and due to individual merit; however, general attitudes toward gays showed no such relationships...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218965/moral-courage-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-literature-review
#4
Laurie Bickhoff, Peter M Sinclair, Tracy Levett-Jones
Aim: The aim of this review was to explore factors which facilitate or inhibit undergraduate nursing students’ willingness to demonstrate moral courage when confronted by poor patient care. Methods: Included papers were those that met the criteria of being qualitative research that explored undergraduate nursing students’ depictions of situations where moral courage was or was not demonstrated during clinical placements, with a particular focus on situations that impacted or had the potential to impact the quality of patient care...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218125/the-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-toxoplasmosis-among-female-undergraduate-university-students-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
Objectives: Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a serious public health issue, but limited data has been published to date on the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the seroprevalence and risk factors of T. gondii infection using a sample of females enrolled at a university in Northern Saudi Arabia. Methods: Using a cross-sectional research approach, we recruited a convenience sample of 180 healthy females studying at the University of Tabuk between February and June 2016...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216747/factor-structure-and-further-validation-of-the-20-item-short-form-of-the-obsessive-beliefs-questionnaire
#6
Thomas A Fergus, Shawn J Latendresse, Kevin D Wu
A 44-item version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) put forward by the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group remains the most widely used version of the OBQ, despite research casting doubt on its factorial validity and the existence of a short form (i.e., OBQ-20). In a large sample of undergraduate students ( n = 1,210), a bifactor model of the OBQ-20, consisting of a general factor and four specific factors (threat, responsibility, importance/control of thoughts, perfectionism/certainty), was supported as the best-fitting model...
December 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216601/measuring-critical-thinking-in-pre-registration-midwifery-students-a-multi-method-approach
#7
Amanda G Carter, Debra K Creedy, Mary Sidebotham
OBJECTIVE: Test the concurrent validity of three newly developed tools (student self-rating, preceptor rating, and reflective writing) that aim to measure critical thinking in midwifery practice. DESIGN: A descriptive matched cohort design was used. SETTING: Australian research intensive university offering a three year Bachelor of Midwifery programme. SAMPLE: Fifty-five undergraduate midwifery students. METHODS: Students assessed their ability to apply critical thinking in midwifery practice using a 25-item tool and a 5-item subscale in Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216185/a-cyber-linked-undergraduate-research-experience-in-computational-biomolecular-structure-prediction-and-design
#8
Rebecca F Alford, Andrew Leaver-Fay, Lynda Gonzales, Erin L Dolan, Jeffrey J Gray
Computational biology is an interdisciplinary field, and many computational biology research projects involve distributed teams of scientists. To accomplish their work, these teams must overcome both disciplinary and geographic barriers. Introducing new training paradigms is one way to facilitate research progress in computational biology. Here, we describe a new undergraduate program in biomolecular structure prediction and design in which students conduct research at labs located at geographically-distributed institutions while remaining connected through an online community...
December 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215191/comparison-of-two-different-techniques-of-cooperative-learning-approach-undergraduates-conceptual-understanding-in-the-context-of-hormone-biochemistry
#9
Ayfer Mutlu
The purpose of the research was to compare the effects of two different techniques of the cooperative learning approach, namely Team-Game Tournament and Jigsaw, on undergraduates' conceptual understanding in a Hormone Biochemistry course. Undergraduates were randomly assigned to Group 1 (N = 23) and Group 2 (N = 29). Instructions were accomplished using Team-Game Tournament in Group 1 and Jigsaw in Group 2. Before the instructions, all groups were informed about cooperative learning and techniques, their responsibilities in the learning process and accessing of resources...
December 7, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213189/spikinglab-modelling-agents-controlled-by-spiking-neural-networks-in-netlogo
#10
Cristian Jimenez-Romero, Jeffrey Johnson
The scientific interest attracted by Spiking Neural Networks (SNN) has lead to the development of tools for the simulation and study of neuronal dynamics ranging from phenomenological models to the more sophisticated and biologically accurate Hodgkin-and-Huxley-based and multi-compartmental models. However, despite the multiple features offered by neural modelling tools, their integration with environments for the simulation of robots and agents can be challenging and time consuming. The implementation of artificial neural circuits to control robots generally involves the following tasks: (1) understanding the simulation tools, (2) creating the neural circuit in the neural simulator, (3) linking the simulated neural circuit with the environment of the agent and (4) programming the appropriate interface in the robot or agent to use the neural controller...
2017: Neural Computing & Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209501/association-among-self-compassion-childhood-invalidation-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptomatology-in-a-singaporean-sample
#11
Shian-Ling Keng, Yun Yi Wong
Background: Linehan's biosocial theory posits that parental invalidation during childhood plays a role in the development of borderline personality disorder symptoms later in life. However, little research has examined components of the biosocial model in an Asian context, and variables that may influence the relationship between childhood invalidation and borderline symptoms. Self-compassion is increasingly regarded as an adaptive way to regulate one's emotions and to relate to oneself, and may serve to moderate the association between invalidation and borderline symptoms...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209260/awareness-and-awakening-a-narrative-oriented-inquiry-of-undergraduate-students-development-of-mindful-agency-in-china
#12
Qing Wang, Ho Chung Law, Yan Li, Zhanfei Xu, Weiguo Pang
The article explores undergraduate students' experiences of developing mindful agency as a positive learning disposition, their perceived change as a learner, and the possible impact of mindful agency coaching on students' learning and personal growth, using a narrative research method. Seventy Chinese undergraduate students generated personal reflective journals and eight participants' journals were selected to enter into the narrative-oriented inquiry. Our analysis revealed a number of primary themes based on which we produced a meta-story...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208718/an-inclusive-research-education-community-irec-impact-of-the-sea-phages-program-on-research-outcomes-and-student-learning
#13
David I Hanauer, Mark J Graham, Laura Betancur, Aiyana Bobrownicki, Steven G Cresawn, Rebecca A Garlena, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Nancy Kaufmann, Welkin H Pope, Daniel A Russell, William R Jacobs, Viknesh Sivanathan, David J Asai, Graham F Hatfull
Engaging undergraduate students in scientific research promises substantial benefits, but it is not accessible to all students and is rarely implemented early in college education, when it will have the greatest impact. An inclusive Research Education Community (iREC) provides a centralized scientific and administrative infrastructure enabling engagement of large numbers of students at different types of institutions. The Science Education Alliance-Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES) is an iREC that promotes engagement and continued involvement in science among beginning undergraduate students...
December 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208483/initial-validation-of-the-nine-item-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-screen-nias-a-measure-of-three-restrictive-eating-patterns
#14
Hana F Zickgraf, Jordan M Ellis
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating or feeding disorder characterized by inadequate nutritional or caloric intake leading to weight loss, nutritional deficiency, supplement dependence, and/or significant psychosocial impairment. DSM-5 lists three different eating patterns that can lead to symptoms of ARFID: avoidance of foods due to their sensory properties (e.g., picky eating), poor appetite or limited interest in eating, or fear of negative consequences from eating. Research on the prevalence and psychopathology of ARFID is limited by the lack of validated instruments to measure these eating behaviors...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207742/use-of-multi-response-format-test-in-the-assessment-of-medical-students-critical-thinking-ability
#15
Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad, Seyyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Alireza Monajemi, Mohammad Jalili, Akbar Soltani, Javad Rasouli
Introduction: To evaluate students critical thinking skills effectively, change in assessment practices is must. The assessment of a student's ability to think critically is a constant challenge, and yet there is considerable debate on the best assessment method. There is evidence that the intrinsic nature of open and closed-ended response questions is to measure separate cognitive abilities. Aim: To assess critical thinking ability of medical students by using multi-response format of assessment...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205739/the-use-of-psychiatry-focused-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-search-and-review
#16
REVIEW
Amanda D Vandyk, Michelle Lalonde, Sabrina Merali, Erica Wright, Irmajean Bajnok, Barbara Davies
Evidence on the use of simulation to teach psychiatry and mental health (including addiction) content is emerging, yet no summary of the implementation processes or associated outcomes exists. The aim of this study was to systematically search and review empirical literature on the use of psychiatry-focused simulation in undergraduate nursing education. Objectives were to (i) assess the methodological quality of existing evidence on the use of simulation to teach mental health content to undergraduate nursing students, (ii) describe the operationalization of the simulations, and (iii) summarize the associated quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204824/chemoinformatics-a-perspective-from-an-academic-setting-in-latin-america
#17
J Jesús Naveja, C Iluhí Oviedo-Osornio, Nicole N Trujillo-Minero, José L Medina-Franco
This perspective discusses the current progress of a chemoinformatics group in a major university in Latin America. Three major aspects are discussed in a critical manner: research, education, and collaboration with industry and other public research networks. It is also presented an overview of the progress in applied research and development of research concepts. Efforts to teach chemoinformatics at the undergraduate and graduate levels are discussed. It is addressed how the partnership with industry and other not-for-profit research institutions not only brings additional sources of funding but, more importantly, increases the impact of the multidisciplinary work and offers the students to be exposed to other research environments...
December 4, 2017: Molecular Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202754/institutional-context-and-vct-practitioner-narratives-possibilities-and-limitations-for-hiv-prevention-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#18
Claudia Mora, Simone Monteiro, Carlos Otávio Fiúza Moreira
BACKGROUND: Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) is an HIV prevention strategy that promotes the principles of confidentiality and informed consent. International research has highlighted VCT counselors' isolation from service planning and the contradictions they negotiate between local values and global testing recommendations. In Brazil, studies have identified many limitations, including counselors' difficulties to implement a vulnerability approach to HIV prevention as recommended in the country's national guidelines...
December 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202663/experiences-of-patients-with-mental-illness-interactions-with-medical-students-a-systematic-review
#19
Samuel P Dearman, Adam B Joiner, Morris Gordon, Gill Vince
OBJECTIVES: Mental health is a key area for learning within undergraduate medical education. Given the nature of mental illness, interactions may have the potential to uniquely affect patients. This study set out to systematically review studies reporting experiences and perceptions of patients with mental illness' clinical interactions with medical students. This includes which factors encourage patients to interact with medical students and if patients perceive negative and positive effects from these interactions...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202165/a-survey-of-undergraduate-capstone-course-objectives-in-communication-sciences-and-disorders-current-trends-and-future-implications
#20
Beula M Magimairaj, Kathy McDaniel
PURPOSE: Undergraduate capstone courses are culminating experiences that allow seniors to integrate and demonstrate the knowledge and skills gained during undergraduate studies. To date, there are no published studies about capstone course standards/designs in the discipline of communication sciences and disorders (CSD). The purpose of this study was to determine what capstone experiences are considered critical for CSD undergraduates. METHOD: Faculty from CSD programs nationwide were asked to rank-order 15 potential learning objectives (suitable to a senior capstone) based on their relative importance from most important to least important...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
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