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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#1
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732209/the-effect-of-a-peer-education-program-on-combating-violence-against-women-a-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Özlem C Gürkan, Nuran Kömürcü
BACKGROUND: Student nurses in Turkey need to be exposed to appropriate undergraduate training if they are to acquire the required knowledge, attitudes and skills that will help them to fight the issue of violence against women (VAW). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research study was to assess the effect of a peer education program about combating VAW on the knowledge, attitudes and skills of nursing students. DESIGN: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728465/evaluating-the-test-retest-reliability-of-symptom-indices-associated-with-the-impact-post-concussion-symptom-scale-pcss
#3
Victoria C Merritt, Megan L Bradson, Jessica E Meyer, Peter A Arnett
OBJECTIVE: The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a commonly used tool in sports concussion assessment. While test-retest reliabilities have been established for the ImPACT cognitive composites, few studies have evaluated the psychometric properties of the ImPACT's Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS). The purpose of this study was to establish the test-retest reliability of symptom indices associated with the PCSS. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants included 38 undergraduate students (50...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727637/evaluation-and-student-perceptions-of-an-ob-boot-camp-simulation-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-mixed-method-approach
#4
Cynthia S Crews, Lisa C Minor
Obstetrical nursing offers unique challenges as a specialty clinical area as the process of birth and the nature of the setting are unpredictable. Traditional undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students may not have experience with maternal/newborn care. An eight-hour OB Boot Camp was developed to prepare students for their first obstetrical clinical rotation. An explanatory sequential mixed-method research study was used to explore student perceptions and evaluate the experience. On the basis of the results of this research study, the OB Boot Camp was a valuable instructional method to prepare students for obstetrical clinical rotations and coursework...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725204/history-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-college-academic-outcomes-indirect-effects-of-hot-execution-function
#5
Marilyn C Welsh, Eric Peterson, Molly M Jameson
College students who report a history of childhood maltreatment may be at risk for poor outcomes. In the current study, we conducted an exploratory analysis to examine potential models that statistically mediate associations between aspects of maltreatment and aspects of academic outcome, with a particular focus on executive functions (EF). Consistent with contemporary EF research, we distinguished between relatively "cool" EF tasks (i.e., performed in a context relatively free of emotional or motivational valence) and "hot" EF tasks that emphasize performance under more emotionally arousing conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723988/brazilian-research-groups-in-nursing-comparison-of-2006-and-2016-profiles
#6
Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann, Caroline Cechinel Peiter, Gabriela Marcellino de Melo Lanzoni
Objective: To compare the profile of nursing research groups registered at the CNPq Research Groups Directory in 2006 and 2016. Method: Descriptive and documentary analysis, The data has been collected in 2006 and in 2016, with parameterized search with the term "nursing" at the CNPq Research Groups Directory. The selected variables have been organized in a Microsoft Office Exce spreadsheetl. Results: The research groups have increased from 251 in 2006 to 617 in 2016, with important increase of the number of participants, among students and researchers...
July 13, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721312/2016-writing-contest-undergraduate-winner-the-relationship-between-medication-adherence-and-total-healthcare-expenditures-by-race-ethnicity-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-hawai-i
#7
Cori X Sutton, Dee-Ann Carpenter, Wesley Sumida, Deborah Taira
Diabetes is a costly, chronic disease that is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide. Studies show that Native Hawaiians suffer from higher rates of diabetes and lower rates of medication adherence compared to Caucasians and Japanese. This study compared total annual healthcare expenditures of patients with diabetes in Hawai'i by race and ethnicity and determined whether any existing differences persisted after controlling for medication adherence and demographic factors. The study population consisted of 30,445 individuals, using administrative claims data from a large health plan in Hawai'i...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720128/the-utility-of-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-mini-cex-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad Jalili, Mandana Shirazi, Rasoul Masoomi, Saharnaz Nedjat, John Norcini
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently used assessment tools that measure the trainees' performance in workplace is the mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), in which an expert observes and rates the actual performance of trainees. Several primary studies have evaluated the effectiveness of mini-CEX by assessing its educational and psychometric properties. The objective of this BEME review is to explore, analyze, and synthesize the evidence considering the utility of the mini-CEX for assessing undergraduate and postgraduate medical trainees...
July 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717260/faculty-motivation-to-mentor-students-through-undergraduate-research-programs-a-study-of-enabling-and-constraining-factors
#9
Danielle X Morales, Sara E Grineski, Timothy W Collins
Undergraduate research experiences are a "high impact" educational practice that confer benefits to students. However, little attention has been paid to understanding faculty motivation to mentor undergraduate students through research training programs, even as the number of programs has grown, requiring increasing numbers of faculty mentors. To address this, we introduce a conceptual model for understanding faculty motivation to mentor and test it by using empirical data to identify factors that enable and constrain faculty engagement in an undergraduate research program...
August 2017: Research in Higher Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#10
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713502/the-effect-of-personality-traits-on-undergraduate-dental-students-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#11
Lana Ahmed Shinawi, Sumer Madani Alaki, Ibrahim Yamany, Mona Hassan Ahmed Hassan
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini interviews (MMI) is a structured student selection method where applicants rotate around a series of stations that do not require previously learned knowledge. The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a tool often used to measure personality traits commonly used in applicant selection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of personality traits using the BFI on undergraduate dental students' performance in MMI. METHODS: This research was conducted at The Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713298/linear-relationship-between-resilience-learning-approaches-and-coping-strategies-to-predict-achievement-in-undergraduate-students
#12
Jesús de la Fuente, María Fernández-Cabezas, Matilde Cambil, Manuel M Vera, Maria Carmen González-Torres, Raquel Artuch-Garde
The aim of the present research was to analyze the linear relationship between resilience (meta-motivational variable), learning approaches (meta-cognitive variables), strategies for coping with academic stress (meta-emotional variable) and academic achievement, necessary in the context of university academic stress. A total of 656 students from a southern university in Spain completed different questionnaires: a resiliency scale, a coping strategies scale, and a study process questionnaire. Correlations and structural modeling were used for data analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711522/engaging-with-primary-schools-supporting-the-delivery-of-the-new-curriculum-in-evolution-and-inheritance
#13
REVIEW
Paula X Kover, Emily S Hogge
The official school regulator in England (OFSTED) recently reported that the delivery of science lessons has been significantly diminished in many primary schools. There is concern that the lack of good quality science in school can reduce the recruitment of young scientists, and the level of science literacy among the general public. We believe university scientists and undergraduate students can have a significant impact in the delivery of science in primary schools. However, a relatively small proportion of scientists engage with young children to improve curricular primary school science education...
July 12, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708457/assessment-of-self-perceived-knowledge-in-e-health-among-undergraduate-students
#14
Sisira Edirippulige, Mayukh Samanta, Nigel R Armfield
OBJECTIVE: Growing research evidence shows the value of e-health in healthcare delivery. While efforts are made to implement e-health in mainstream healthcare, relatively modest attention has been paid to develop e-health knowledge and skills in health practitioners. Using a pre-post design, in this study, we aimed to examine self-reported knowledge and perception changes associated with an e-health course offered to university undergraduate students in Australia. METHODS: Pre- and postsurveys were used to examine self-reported knowledge and perception changes relating to e-health among undergraduate students...
July 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707638/mimicking-rashes-use-of-moulage-technique-in-undergraduate-assessment-at-the-aga-khan-university-karachi
#15
Saniya Raghib Sabzwari, Azam Afzal, Kashmira Nanji
BACKGROUND: The use of simulated patients in student assessment is supported by the Best Evidence Medical Education and U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and it provides a safe and effective alternative to real patients in many situations. To assess the validity and feasibility of moulage technique-where a cosmetically constructed rash is used on simulated patients-two dermatologic rashes were developed using moulage simulation on standardized patients at Aga Khan University Hospital for 3rd year medical summative Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705358/the-status-value-of-age
#16
Christopher P Kelley, Shane D Soboroff, Michael J Lovaglia
A controlled experiment and three replications examined the relationship between a person's age as a status characteristic and the value placed on that person as a potential group member. The experiments used computer-generated avatars to isolate the effects of age on the status value of partners being chosen for a work-related task. The design allowed us to compare the effect of age on status for members of three distinct groups: younger adults, middle-aged adults, and much older adults. Results showed that undergraduate participants rated middle-aged adult avatars higher on status indicators and chose to work with middle-aged adult avatars significantly more often than younger adult or much older adult avatars...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696055/practices-and-exploration-on-competition-of-molecular-biological-detection-technology-among-students-in-food-quality-and-safety-major
#17
Yaning Chang, Yuke Peng, Pengfei Li, Yingping Zhuang
With the increasing importance in the application of the molecular biological detection technology in the field of food safety, strengthening education in molecular biology experimental techniques is more necessary for the culture of the students in food quality and safety major. However, molecular biology experiments are not always in curricula of Food quality and safety Majors. This paper introduced a project "competition of molecular biological detection technology for food safety among undergraduate sophomore students in food quality and safety major", students participating in this project needed to learn the fundamental molecular biology experimental techniques such as the principles of molecular biology experiments and genome extraction, PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis analysis, and then design the experiments in groups to identify the meat species in pork and beef products using molecular biological methods...
July 8, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696054/undergraduate-research-as-curriculum
#18
EDITORIAL
Erin L Dolan
To date, national interests, policies, and calls for transformation of undergraduate education have been the main drivers of research integration into the undergraduate curriculum, briefly described here. The New Horizons in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education conference at the Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel) this fall presents an exciting opportunity to discuss integration of undergraduate research into the curriculum and other cutting-edge topics in biochemistry and molecular biology education from a cross-national perspective...
July 8, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694534/successful-publication-by-medical-students-in-new-zealand-the-role-of-clinical-versus-academic-supervisors
#19
Ibrahim S Al-Busaidi, Yassar Alamri, Tim J Wilkinson
AIM: Relatively little is known about factors that influence successful research publication by medical students. We aimed to examine the impact of having a clinical supervisor (compared with full-time academic supervisors) on publication rates of Bachelor of Medical Sciences (BMedSc(Hons)) theses at the University of Otago Medical School. METHOD: A secondary analysis of an existing dataset was conducted. Publications from undergraduate medical theses were previously identified using standardised criteria...
July 7, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692952/translation-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-spanish-version-of-the-college-alcohol-problems-scale
#20
Brian E McCabe, Ernesto R Escoto, Luis G Cruz-Ortega, Derby Munoz-Rojas, Karina Gattamorta
Hispanic and Spanish-speaking college students are under-represented in alcohol intervention and prevention research. There is a need for brief, empirically validated Spanish versions of measures related to alcohol use and consequences. The objective of this study was to translate the 8-item College Alcohol Problems Scale (CAPS) into Spanish and evaluate the psychometric properties of this measure compared to the original English. Bilingual experts in interventions for Hispanic college students and youth used a translation back-translation process...
July 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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