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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667466/evaluation-of-a-modified-16-item-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-ripls-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses
#1
Tzu-Chieh Yu, Tanisha Jowsey, Marcus Henning
The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was developed to assess undergraduate readiness for engaging in interprofessional education (IPE). It has become an accepted and commonly used instrument. To determine utility of a modified 16-item RIPLS instrument, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Data used were collected from a pre- and post-intervention study involving 360 New Zealand undergraduate students from one university. Just over half of the participants were enrolled in medicine (51%) while the remainder were in pharmacy (27%) and nursing (22%)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663129/effects-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-on-cognitive-performance
#2
Joseph L Etherton, Crystal D Oberle, Jayson Rhoton, Ashley Ney
Research on the cognitive benefits of working memory training programs has produced inconsistent results. Such research has frequently used laboratory-specific training tasks, or dual-task n-back training. The current study used the commercial Cogmed Working Memory (WM) Training program, involving several different training tasks involving visual and auditory input. Healthy college undergraduates were assigned to either the full Cogmed training program of 25, 40-min training sessions; an abbreviated Cogmed program of 25, 20-min training sessions; or a no-contact control group...
April 16, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656835/trauma-quality-improvement-reducing-triage-errors-by-automating-the-level-assignment-process
#3
David P Stonko, Dillon C O Neill, Bradley M Dennis, Melissa Smith, Jeffrey Gray, Oscar D Guillamondegui
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients are triaged by the severity of their injury or need for intervention while en route to the trauma center according to trauma activation protocols that are institution specific. Significant research has been aimed at improving these protocols in order to optimize patient outcomes while striving for efficiency in care. However, it is known that patients are often undertriaged or overtriaged because protocol adherence remains imperfect. The goal of this quality improvement (QI) project was to improve this adherence, and thereby reduce the triage error...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653433/mindfulness-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-alcohol-use-and-consequences
#4
Emma I Brett, Hannah C Espeleta, Susanna V Lopez, Eleanor L S Leavens, Thad R Leffingwell
One-third of college students report past-year heavy episodic drinking, making college student alcohol use an important area for continued research. Research has consistently linked early experiences of adversity to problematic substance use in adolescence and adulthood. Given the negative health consequences associated with heavy episodic drinking, it is imperative to identify mechanisms that contribute to this relation. Low levels of mindfulness have been linked to early adversity as well as impulsivity and alcohol use, therefore, the current study aims to examine the mediating role of mindfulness in the relation between early adversity and current alcohol use and consequences...
April 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652623/beliefs-underlying-stress-reduction-and-depression-help-seeking-among-college-students-an-elicitation-study
#5
Marco Yzer, Julie Gilasevitch
OBJECTIVE: This study illustrates how a theory-based approach can identify college students' beliefs about stress reduction activities and help-seeking for depression. These beliefs are the basis for intervention design. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 53 undergraduate students at a public university in the Midwest participated in this research during March 2016. METHODS: An open-ended belief elicitation survey was administered online. Beliefs were identified through qualitative thematic analyses...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652563/the-impact-of-recreational-marijuana-legislation-in-washington-dc-on-marijuana-use-cognitions
#6
Paige Clarke, Tonya Dodge, Michelle L Stock
BACKGROUND: There is little published research that tests the effect of recreational marijuana legislation on risk-related cognitions and how individuals respond immediately after legislative approval. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to test whether learning about the passage of Initiative 71, a voter referendum that legalized recreational use of marijuana in the District of Columbia, would lead individuals to adopt more favorable marijuana cognitions than they had before the Initiative was passed...
April 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652555/henry-herbert-donaldson-s-1857-1938-contribution-to-an-organized-approach-to-the-experimental-study-of-the-mammalian-central-nervous-system
#7
J Wayne Lazar
This article shows that the academic and research careers of Henry Herbert Donaldson (1857-1938) were directed to provide basic information about the growth of the vertebrate nervous system and to provide standards and the means to make such research efficient. He earned the reputation of making the albino rat a standard laboratory animal. His academic career began when he was an undergraduate at Yale University in 1875 and concluded with his death as Professor and Head of the Department of Neurology at the Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology of the University of Pennsylvania in 1938...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629932/the-effect-of-concept-maps-on-undergraduate-nursing-students-critical-thinking
#8
Janet K Garwood, Azza H Ahmed, Sara A McComb
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of using concept maps as a teaching and learning strategy on students' critical thinking abilities and examine students' perceptions toward concept maps utilizing the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. BACKGROUND: Researchers have found that almost two thirds of nurse graduates do not have adequate critical thinking skills for a beginner nurse. Critical thinking skills are required for safe practice and mandated by accrediting organizations...
April 6, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629384/knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers-toward-research-the-perspectives-of-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-students
#9
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Nan Nitra Than, Htay Lwin, Mila Nu Nu Nu Htay, Khine Lynn Phyu, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
CONTEXT: Scientific research not only promotes health and combats diseases of an individual, but also it can strengthen the effectiveness of health systems. Hence, understanding of scientific methods becomes a crucial component in the medical profession. AIMS: This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and barriers toward research among undergraduate medical and dental students. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 295 undergraduate Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) and Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) students from a private medical college in Malaysia...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629247/effects-of-mental-health-interventions-for-students-in-higher-education-are-sustainable-over-time-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Regina Winzer, Lene Lindberg, Karin Guldbrandsson, Anna Sidorchuk
Background: Symptoms of depression, anxiety, and distress are more common in undergraduates compared to age-matched peers. Mental ill health among students is associated with impaired academic achievement, worse occupational preparedness, and lower future occupational performance. Research on mental health promoting and mental ill health preventing interventions has shown promising short-term effects, though the sustainability of intervention benefits deserve closer attention. We aimed to identify, appraise and summarize existing data from randomized control trials (RCTs) reporting on whether the effects of mental health promoting and mental ill health preventing interventions were sustained at least three months post-intervention, and to analyze how the effects vary for different outcomes in relation to follow-up length...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629031/determining-attitudinal-and-behavioral-factors-concerning-milk-and-dairy-intake-and-their-association-with-calcium-intake-in-college-students
#11
Angela M Rose, Rachel A Williams, Brooke Rengers, Julie A Kennel, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Average intake of calcium among college students is below the recommended intake, and knowledge surrounding the attitudinal and behavioral factors that influence milk and dairy intake, a primary food source of calcium, is limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate college students' attitudes and behaviors concerning milk and dairy consumption and their association with calcium intake. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were 1,730 undergraduate students who completed an online survey (SurveyMonkey) as part of baseline data collection for a social marketing dairy campaign...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628784/the-relationship-between-social-media-use-and-sleep-quality-among-undergraduate-students
#12
Renee Garett, Sam Liu, Sean D Young
Insufficient sleep is a growing health problem among University students, especially for freshmen during their first quarter/semester of college. Little research has studied how social media technologies impact sleep quality among college students. This study aims to determine the relationship between social media use and sleep quality among freshman undergraduates during their first quarter in college. Specifically, we explored whether variations in Twitter use across the time of day and day of the week would be associated with self-reported sleep quality...
2018: Information, Communication and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627698/differentiating-positive-schizotypy-and-mania-risk-scales-and-their-associations-with-spontaneous-eye-blink-rate
#13
Jessica P Y Hua, John G Kerns
Positive schizotypy and mania risk scales are strongly correlated, and both are linked to alterations in striatal dopamine. Previous research has not examined whether these risk scales form distinct factors or whether they are differentially related to other measures of psychopathology risk or striatal dopamine. In the current study (N = 596), undergraduate students completed both positive schizotypy and mania risk scales as well as scales assessing related psychopathology (i.e., negative and disorganized schizotypy; self-reported manic-like episodes)...
March 29, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621944/elections-have-consequences-for-student-mental-health-an-accidental-daily-diary-study
#14
Michael J Roche, Nicholas C Jacobson
Polling suggested that the 2016 United States presidential election affected citizens' mood and stress levels. Yet, polling often fails to employ repeated measurement designs that can capture pre- and post-levels of change within the same person. In this study, undergraduate students ( N = 85) completed a 14-day daily diary where mood, stress, and mental health outcomes were assessed before and after the election. Multilevel modeling revealed an immediate upsurge in anxiety, stress, and poor sleep quality the day after the election, followed by a recovery period indicating these effects were short-lived...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621429/a-psychometric-investigation-of-the-painful-and-provocative-events-scale-moving-forward
#15
Sarah L Brown, Jared F Roush, Andrew J Marshall, Sean M Mitchell, Kelly C Cukrowicz
BACKGROUND: Acquired capability for suicide is posited to develop through repeated exposure to physically painful and psychologically provocative events; however, there is limited research evaluating the assessment of painful and provocative events. AIMS: The current study examined the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the Painful and Provocative Events Scale (PPES). METHODS: Categorical exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted in a sample of undergraduate students (N = 732)...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621227/involving-undergraduates-in-genomics-research-to-narrow-the-education-research-gap
#16
Serghei Mangul, Lana S Martin, Eleazar Eskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620675/educational-interventions-to-improve-handover-in-health-care-an-updated-systematic-review
#17
Morris Gordon, Elaine Hill, Jennifer N Stojan, Michelle Daniel
PURPOSE: Effective handovers (handoffs) are vital to patient safety. Medical educators investigated educational interventions to improve handovers in a 2011 systematic review. The number of publications on handover education has increased since then, so authors undertook this updated review. METHOD: The authors considered studies involving educational interventions to improve handover amongst undergraduate or postgraduate health professionals in acute care settings...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617206/the-identification-of-reasons-solutions-and-techniques-informing-a-theory-based-intervention-targeting-recreational-sports-participation
#18
Tom St Quinton, Julie A Brunton
PURPOSE: This study is the 3rd piece of formative research utilizing the theory of planned behavior to inform the development of a behavior change intervention. Focus groups were used to identify reasons for and solutions to previously identified key beliefs in addition to potentially effective behavior change techniques. METHOD: A purposive sample of 22 first-year undergraduate students (n = 8 men; Mage  = 19.8 years, SD = 1.3 years) attending a university in the North of England was used...
April 4, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614110/the-art-and-science-of-selecting-graduate-students-in-the-biomedical-sciences-performance-in-doctoral-study-of-the-foundational-sciences
#19
Hee-Young Park, Oren Berkowitz, Karen Symes, Shoumita Dasgupta
The goal of this study was to investigate associations between admissions criteria and performance in Ph.D. programs at Boston University School of Medicine. The initial phase of this project examined student performance in the classroom component of a newly established curriculum named "Foundations in Biomedical Sciences (FiBS)". Quantitative measures including undergraduate grade point average (GPA), graduate record examination (GRE; a standardized, computer-based test) scores for the verbal (assessment of test takers' ability to analyze, evaluate, and synthesize information and concepts provided in writing) and quantitative (assessment of test takers' problem-solving ability) components of the examination, previous research experience, and competitiveness of previous research institution were used in the study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611619/sequential-mediating-effects-of-provided-and-received-social-support-on-trait-emotional-intelligence-and-subjective-happiness-a-longitudinal-examination-in-hong-kong-chinese-university-students
#20
Jiawen Ye, Dannii Y Yeung, Elaine S C Liu, Tina L Rochelle
Past research has often focused on the effects of emotional intelligence and received social support on subjective well-being yet paid limited attention to the effects of provided social support. This study adopted a longitudinal design to examine the sequential mediating effects of provided and received social support on the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and subjective happiness. A total of 214 Hong Kong Chinese undergraduates were asked to complete two assessments with a 6-month interval in between...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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