keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Undergraduate research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457509/evidence-based-practice-self-efficacy-of-undergraduate-speech-pathology-students-following-training
#1
Maree Doble, Kate Short, Elizabeth Murray, Hans Bogaardt, Patricia McCabe
AIM: The aims of this study were to determine the self-efficacy of speech pathology students in conducting evidence-based practice before and after a comprehensive evidence-based practice course, and the impact of timing of the course (Semester 1/2). METHOD: Students attended a 13-week course in their final year of study. The evidence-based practice confidence scale (EPIC) was used to measure the students' self-efficacy pre- and post-training. RESULTS: Ninety-two percent of students enrolled over six semesters participated...
February 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455232/startle-reflex-modulation-by-affective-face-emoji-pictographs
#2
Anton Aluja, Ferran Balada, Eduardo Blanco, Ignacio Lucas, Angel Blanch
The current research was designed to assess possible differences in the emotional content of pleasant and unpleasant face emoji using acoustically evoked eyeblink startle reflex response. Stimuli were selected from Emojipedia Webpage. First, we assessed these stimuli with a previous independent sample of 190 undergraduate students (46 males and 144 females) mean age of 21.43 years (SD 3.89). A principal axis method was performed using the 30 selected emoji faces, extracting two factors (15 pleasant and 15 unpleasant emoji)...
February 17, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453123/an-experiential-model-of-education-introduced-to-improve-the-confidence-of-student-midwives-in-undertaking-second-stage-management-of-the-perineum-ssmp
#3
Teresa Arias, Kirstie Coxon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: the limited availability of high quality evidence related to second stage management of the perineum (SSMP) combined with a perceived shift in UK practice towards a 'hands off' the perineum/fetal head approach are likely to have impacted significantly on student midwives' understanding of SSMP. This paper presents a classroom based educational session using low fidelity simulation, which was designed in response to student feedback and aimed to improve confidence in this skill...
February 13, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453036/identifying-the-relative-importance-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-features-in-classifying-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-behavior-using-exploratory-data-mining
#4
Taylor A Burke, Ross Jacobucci, Brooke A Ammerman, Marilyn Piccirillo, Michael S McCloskey, Richard G Heimberg, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with a history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are at alarmingly high risk for suicidal ideation (SI), planning (SP), and attempts (SA). Given these findings, research has begun to evaluate the features of this multi-faceted behavior that may be most important to assess when quantifying risk for SI, SP, and SA. However, no studies have examined the wide range of NSSI characteristics simultaneously when determining which NSSI features are most salient to suicide risk. The current study utilized three exploratory data mining techniques (elastic net regression, decision trees, random forests) to address these gaps in the literature...
January 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452389/parity-associated-with-telomere-length-among-us-reproductive-age-women
#5
A Z Pollack, K Rivers, K A Ahrens
STUDY QUESTION: Is telomere length related to parity among a nationally representative sample of US reproductive age women? SUMMARY ANSWER: History of live birth was associated with shorter telomere length. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Shorter telomeres have been linked with a range of chronic health conditions and mortality and parity has been associated with health indicators. However, there is a lack of research on how parity relates to telomere length...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450256/creation-and-validation-of-the-barriers-to-alcohol-reduction-bar-scale-using-classical-test-theory-and-item-response-theory
#6
Zachary J Kunicki, Melissa R Schick, Nichea S Spillane, Lisa L Harlow
Those who binge drink are at increased risk for alcohol-related consequences when compared to non-binge drinkers. Research shows individuals may face barriers to reducing their drinking behavior, but few measures exist to assess these barriers. This study created and validated the Barriers to Alcohol Reduction (BAR) scale. Participants were college students ( n = 230) who endorsed at least one instance of past-month binge drinking (4+ drinks for women or 5+ drinks for men). Using classical test theory, exploratory structural equation modeling found a two-factor structure of personal/psychosocial barriers and perceived program barriers...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450248/metacognitions-or-distress-intolerance-the-mediating-role-in-the-relationship-between-emotional-dysregulation-and-problematic-internet-use
#7
Mehdi Akbari
Objective: Given the relevance of problematic Internet use (PIU) to everyday life, its relationship to emotional dysregulation and the importance of metacognitions and distress intolerance in process and intermediaries research, this study examined which of metacognitions and distress intolerance acts as an intermediary between emotional dysregulation and PIU. Methods: In the current study, 413 undergraduate students from the University of Tehran, Iran (202 females; mean age = 20...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447618/long-term-impacts-of-college-sexual-assaults-on-women-survivors-educational-and-career-attainments
#8
Sharyn Potter, Rebecca Howard, Sharon Murphy, Mary M Moynihan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the well-documented mental and physical health problems suffered by undergraduate women sexually assaulted while on campus with an exploration of how the trauma impacts a survivor's lifetime education trajectory and career attainment. PARTICIPANTS: In November and December 2015, researchers recruited US participants using an on-line crowdsourcing tool and a Listserv for sexual violence prevention and response professionals. METHODS: Of 316 women who completed initial screening, 89 qualified to complete a Qualtrics survey...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447612/urban-college-student-self-report-of-hookah-use-with-health-care-providers
#9
Samir Ranjit Jani, Darryl Brown, Zekarias Berhane, Nadja Peter, Renee Turchi, Susan Solecki
OBJECTIVE: This study's purpose was to describe urban college students' communication about hookah with health care providers. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included a random sample of undergraduate urban college students and health care providers. METHODS: Students surveyed determined the epidemiology of hookah use in this population, how many health care providers asked about hookah, and how many students admitted hookah use to a physician...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446533/forms-of-capital-and-habitus-in-the-decision-to-go-on-academic-exchange
#10
Wolfgang Lehmann, Holly Trower
Although Canadian universities have made internationalization a strategic priority, only few Canadian students currently participate in any international study opportunities. Drawing on interviews with Canadian students who were about to spend some of their undergraduate education abroad as exchange students, or had recently returned from a study exchange, we argue that despite the importance of relatively high costs associated with international study experiences, cultural factors play a more important role in enabling the decision to study abroad...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446316/impact-of-the-inbre-summer-student-mentored-research-program-on-undergraduate-students-in-arkansas
#11
Jean C McSweeney, Teresa J Hudson, Latrina Prince, Helen Beneš, Alan J Tackett, Caroline Miller Robinson, Roger Koeppe, Lawrence E Cornett
The Institutional Development Award (IDeA) program, housed within the National Institute for General Medical Sciences, administers the Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) as a strategic mission to broaden the geographic distribution of National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding within the United States. Undergraduate summer student mentored research programs (SSMRP) are a common feature of INBRE programs and are designed to increase undergraduate student interest in research careers in the biomedical sciences...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444180/the-bogazici-face-database-standardized-photographs-of-turkish-faces-with-supporting-materials
#12
S Adil Saribay, Ali Furkan Biten, Erdem Ozan Meral, Pinar Aldan, Vít Třebický, Karel Kleisner
Many sets of human facial photographs produced in Western cultures are available for scientific research. We report here on the development of a face database of Turkish undergraduate student targets. High-resolution standardized photographs were taken and supported by the following materials: (a) basic demographic and appearance-related information, (b) two types of landmark configurations (for Webmorph and geometric morphometrics (GM)), (c) facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) measurement, (d) information on photography parameters, (e) perceptual norms provided by raters...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440815/aspiring-pain-practitioners-in-india-assessing-challenges-and-building-opportunities
#13
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel, Srinivasa N Raja
Background: Pain medicine is a developing specialty, aimed at relieving pain and suffering, enhancing function, and improving the quality of life of patients. Pain is often ignored, under-reported and mismanaged by health-care providers. Aspiring pain physicians in India face many challenges and barriers in advancing their specialty. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the challenges in establishing a pain practice in India and to discuss the opportunities and strategies to overcome these barriers...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440074/the-effects-of-doctoral-teaching-development-on-early-career-stem-scholars-college-teaching-self-efficacy
#14
Mark R Connolly, You-Geon Lee, Julia N Savoy
To help prepare future faculty in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to teach undergraduates, more research universities are offering teaching development (TD) programs to doctoral students who aspire to academic careers. Using social cognitive career theory, we examine the effects of TD programs on early-career STEM scholars' sense of self-efficacy as postsecondary teachers. In 2011, a survey questionnaire was administered to 2156 people who in 2009 were doctoral students in STEM departments at three U...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438886/the-influence-of-motives-on-alcohol-and-sex-related-behaviors-among-female-college-students
#15
Brittany E Blanchard, Angela K Stevens, Ileana S Acosta, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer L Brown, Andrew K Littlefield
PURPOSE: Although previous studies have elucidated associations between motivations for drinking and sex as they relate to risky health outcomes among female college students, the utility of cross-domain motives (i.e., alcohol motives predicting sex-related outcomes and vice versa) in the prediction of specific alcohol- and sex-related behaviors has yet to be examined. The current study examined relations between drinking and sex motives with multiple risky alcohol- and sex-related outcomes (i...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436292/is-it-a-match-a-novel-method-of-evaluating-medical-school-success
#16
Leslie L Chang, Alisa Nagler, Mariah Rudd, Colleen O'Connor Grochowski, Edward G Buckley, Saumil M Chudgar, Deborah L Engle
BACKGROUND: Medical education program evaluation allows for curricular improvements to both Undergraduate (UME) and Graduate Medical Education (GME). UME programs are left with little more than match rates and self-report to evaluate success of graduates in The Match. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript shares a novel method of program evaluation through a systematic assessment of Match outcomes. DESIGN: Surveys were developed and distributed to Program Training Directors (PTDs) at our institution to classify residency programs into which our UME graduates matched using an ordinal response scale and open-ended responses...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436165/digital-rectal-examination-in-indian-graduates
#17
Aishwarya Beena, Barath Jagadisan
BACKGROUND: Digital rectal examination (DRE) is an important component of physical examination and an essential skill for medical graduates. DRE is often underutilised in clinical practice. The lack of confidence and expertise and also underutilization of DRE have been associated with inadequate training of medical students during their undergraduate studies. The training of Indian undergraduates in DRE has not been studied. METHODS: A questionnaire on undergraduate training in DRE was administered to students from various medical colleges joining specialty postgraduate courses in Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433368/teaching-childbirth-with-high-fidelity-simulation-is-it-better-observing-the-scenario-during-the-briefing-session
#18
Marcos J Cuerva, Carlos S Piñel, Lourdes Martin, Jose A Espinosa, Octavio J Corral, Nicolás Mendoza
The design of optimal courses for obstetric undergraduate teaching is a relevant question. This study evaluates two different designs of simulator-based learning activity on childbirth with regard to respect to the patient, obstetric manoeuvres, interpretation of cardiotocography tracings (CTG) and infection prevention. This randomised experimental study which differs in the content of their briefing sessions consisted of two groups of undergraduate students, who performed two simulator-based learning activities on childbirth...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432998/prevalence-of-depression-among-nursing-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Yi-Jung Tung, Kenneth K H Lo, Roger C M Ho, Wai San Wilson Tam
OBJECTIVES: To examine the global prevalence of depression among nursing students and the variation in depression rates influenced by demographic and educational factors. BACKGROUND: Depression affects approximately 350 million people worldwide and is the world's leading cause of disability. Nursing students struggle to cope with not only stressors common in higher education institutions but also anxiety towards clinical placements. Evidence has suggested high prevalence of depression among them, but no reviews have been conducted to report a consolidated prevalence...
February 9, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425788/trait-mindfulness-predicts-the-presence-but-not-the-magnitude-of-cortisol-responses-to-acute-stress
#20
Andrew W Manigault, Alex Woody, Peggy M Zoccola, Sally S Dickerson
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness, or the practice of observing present moment experiences with acceptance, is thought to improve health at least partially by limiting hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis over-responsiveness during episodes of acute stress. However, models of allostatic load suggest that HPA axis under-responsiveness can also be detrimental to health, and the relationship between mindfulness and cortisol under-responsiveness has yet to be examined. The present study therefore aimed to address this knowledge gap, and to revisit the relationship between mindfulness and acute cortisol response magnitude while excluding (or statistically controlling for) individuals displaying HPA axis under-responsiveness...
January 31, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
keyword
keyword
45526
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"