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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632015/the-associations-between-clerkship-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-grades-and-subsequent-performance
#1
Ting Dong, Christopher Zahn, Aaron Saguil, Kimberly A Swygert, Michelle Yoon, Jessica Servey, Steven Durning
Construct: We investigated the extent of the associations between medical students' clinical competency measured by performance in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) during Obstetrics/Gynecology and Family Medicine clerkships and later performance in both undergraduate and graduate medical education. BACKGROUND: There is a relative dearth of studies on the correlations between undergraduate OSCE scores and future exam performance within either undergraduate or graduate medical education and almost none on linking these simulated encounters to eventual patient care...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628809/distrust-of-the-senses-and-its-association-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#2
Shiu F Wong, Alishia D Williams, Jessica R Grisham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Leading cognitive theories of OCD suggests that despite prevalent and persistent doubt, individuals with OCD do not have perceptual deficits. An alternate cognitive theory, the Seeking Proxies for Internal States hypothesis (SPIS), proposes that sensory distrust in OCD stems from actual deficits in accessing internal states. Consistent with the SPIS, previous research has found that high-OC individuals were less accurate than low-OC individuals in producing target levels of muscle tension in a biofeedback task and that OC symptoms were positively associated with reliance on an external proxy...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627737/caries-treatment-decisions-among-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-students-supported-by-visual-detection-systems
#3
Vinícius Krieger Costa Nogueira, Diego Girotto Bussaneli, Manuel Restrepo Restrepo, Rubens Spin-Neto, Lourdes Aparecida Martins Dos Santos-Pinto, Thalita Boldieri, Rita de Cássia Loiola Cordeiro
BACKGROUND: The difficulties of caries diagnosis and the level of examiner's experience may influence the treatment decision, resulting excessive and inefficient intervention. AIM: This randomized experimental study evaluated caries treatment decisions made by undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) students when examination was performed through conventional visual clinical examination (CVCE) and when supported by ICDAS (IC) or Nyvad's (NY) criteria. DESIGN: Four UG and four PG initially analyzed, by CVCE, 300 primary incisors and molars surfaces of 25 children aged 5-12 years, and choose between no treatment, non-operative, and operative treatment...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622405/implementing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-through-a-community-academia-partnered-participatory-research-arte-con-salud-research-informed-intervention
#4
Patricia Noboa-Ortega, Wanda I Figueroa-Cosme, Alana Feldman-Soler, Christine Miranda-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: "Arte con Salud" is an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention tailored for Puerto Rican women who have sex with men. The intervention curriculum was refined through a community-academic collaboration between Taller Salud, the UPRCayey Campus, and the UCC-School of Medicine, subsided in 2012-13 by PRCTRC. The collaboration has been crucial to validate the impact of using art as a tool to facilitate sexual negotiation skills and safer sexual practices among adult women have sex with men participating in HIV prevention education...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622046/online-research-club-a-mentoring-program-for-undergraduate-students
#5
Alessandro Sgro, Mohamed Gomaa Kamel, Thanh Huan Vuong, Ali Mahmoud Ahmed, Tien Huy Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622006/using-the-integrative-model-of-behavioral-prediction-to-understand-college-students-hookup-sex-beliefs-intentions-and-behaviors
#6
Minhao Dai, Kevin Wombacher, Jacob J Matig, Nancy Grant Harrington
Guided by the integrated model of behavioral prediction, this study explored the attitudinal, normative, and perceived control beliefs that predict college student hookup intentions and behavior. We first conducted elicitation research with six focus groups of undergraduate students to identify salient beliefs to inform questionnaire development, and then we collected and analyzed questionnaire data from 268 undergraduate students to explore the direct and indirect determinants that drive hookup behaviors. We compared proposed models that tested separate paths from determinants to intention and behavior to theoretical models that treated intention as a mediator of the determinant-behavior relationship...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621449/a-flexible-e-learning-resource-promoting-the-critical-reading-of-scientific-papers-for-science-undergraduates
#7
Julie Letchford, Hazel Corradi, Trevor Day
An important aim of undergraduate science education is to develop student skills in reading and evaluating research papers. We have designed, developed, and implemented an on-line interactive resource entitled "Evaluating Scientific Research literature" (ESRL) aimed at students from the first 2 years of the undergraduate program. In this article, we describe the resource, then use student data collected from questionnaire surveys to evaluate the resource within 2 years of its launch. Our results add to those reported previously and indicate that ESRL can enable students to start evaluating research articles when used during their undergraduate program...
June 16, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621409/hefzibah-eyal-giladi-1925-2017-over-fifty-years-of-embryological-research-in-israel
#8
Oded Khaner
Hefzibah Eyal-Giladi was a creative and innovative pioneering scientist in the creation of the field of early chick embryo development. She had a sharp thinking and enthusiastic attitude, which enabled her to make a deep impression that was highly valued by the general scientific community. Notably, she was a highly successful female researcher in an era which was dominated by male scientists. Her unique personality and keen intellect enabled her to break these borders in a most successful manner. The experiments conducted by her personally, her students and her collaborators served to provide the basic knowledge and paradigms for future scientists in the field, also paving the way for discoveries in other vertebrate model systems...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621178/interview-with-bernard-siegel
#9
Bernard Siegel
Bernard Siegel is the Founder and full-time Executive Director of the nonprofit Regenerative Medicine Foundation (FL, USA). He is the Founder and the Co-chair of the World Stem Cell Summit series of global conferences and Editor-in-Chief of the World Stem Cell Report. He received his undergraduate and law degrees from the University of Miami (BA, 1972; JD, 1975) and has been a member of the Florida Bar since 1975. As a recognized policy expert relating to stem cell research, regenerative medicine and cloning, Bernard works with the world's leading stem cell researchers and advocates...
June 16, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612515/the-benefits-of-a-peer-assisted-mock-paces
#10
Sarim Siddiqui, Samee Siddiqui, Qamar Mustafa, Abeer F Rizvi, Ibtesham T Hossain
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) and mock examinations have been credited as effective teaching tools; however, there is a lack of research into their effectiveness in PACES (practical assessment of clinical examination skills). This study demonstrates an effective model and the benefits of PAL after its implementation in a mock PACES at Imperial College London. There is a lack of research into the effectiveness of PAL and mock examinations in PACES METHODS: A mock PACES was designed for fifth-year medical students...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610959/engaging-undergraduates-in-research-designing-and-developing-a-one-semester-course-based-research-project
#11
Michelle Battista Hesse, Carolyn Schubert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608511/a-global-community-effort-to-decipher-the-unique-biology-of-annual-killifish
#12
REVIEW
Nibia Berois, Graciela Garcia, Rafael Omar de Sá
Over the last 50 years, annual killifishes arose as alternative model organisms for studies of vertebrate biology. The annual fish offers exceptional advantages for studies of genetics, genomics, developmental biology, population dynamics, ecology, biogeography, and evolution. They inhabit extremely variable freshwater environments in Africa and South America, have a short lifespan and a set of unique and fascinating developmental characteristics. Embryos survive within the dry substrate during the dry season, whereas the adult population dies...
June 12, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608402/does-the-severity-of-psychopathology-of-italian-students-receiving-counselling-services-increase-over-time-a-5-year-analysis-and-a-comparison-with-a-clinical-and-non-clinical-sample
#13
Maria Grazia Strepparava, Marco Bani, Federico Zorzi, Umberto Mazza, Francesca Barile, Giorgio Rezzonico
Psychological problems-from the most minor such as exams anxiety to the more severe such as personality disorders-are not rare in young adults. University Counselling Services often present the only opportunity for undergraduates to meet health professionals and to be confronted with their difficulties in a non-clinical setting or-in cases of more severe psychopathology-to be referred to mental health services. Recent research attests to the increasing severity of psychological problems among undergraduate and graduate university students...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603551/mental-distress-and-associated-factors-among-undergraduate-students-at-the-university-of-hargeisa-somaliland-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Liban Hersi, Kenfe Tesfay, Hailay Gesesew, Wolfgang Krahl, Deria Ereg, Markos Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Mental distress is a common finding among University students. Empirical research has confirmed that the University student population has a higher prevalence of mental disorder than the general population. However, no previous study has examined the mental health conditions of students in Somaliland. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 570 undergraduate students at the University of Hargeisa in October, 2013...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600753/involving-medical-students-in-providing-patient-education-for-real-patients-a-scoping-review
#15
Thomas W Vijn, Cornelia R M G Fluit, Jan A M Kremer, Thimpe Beune, Marjan J Faber, Hub Wollersheim
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that involving students in patient education can contribute to the quality of care and medical education. Interventions and outcomes in this field, however, have not yet been systematically reviewed. The authors examined the scientific literature for studies on interventions and outcomes of student-provided patient education. METHODS: Four databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, PsycINFO) were searched for studies reporting patient education, undergraduate medical students, and outcomes of patient education, published between January 1990 and October 2015...
June 9, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600639/double-dissociation-between-the-neural-correlates-of-the-general-and-specific-factors-of-the-life-orientation-test-revised
#16
Guido Alessandri, Vilfredo De Pascalis
In this article, we explore the neural correlates of the general and specific factors assessed by the Life Orientation Test-Revised. These factors have been shown to assess general optimism (GO) and a form of self-enhancement akin to unrealistic optimism (SP). Toward our aim, we used a standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA), which provides electroencephalographic (EEG) localization measures that are independent of recording reference. Resting-EEG and self-report measures of GO and SP were collected from 51 female undergraduates...
June 9, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598045/soft-drinks-consumption-and-the-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Zeba Siddiqi, Ritu Karoli, Jalees Fatima, Sachin Khanduri, Shishir Varshneya, Sara Sabina Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: The increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been implicated in the increased incidence of obesity and metabolic syndrome Little of the research on sugar-sweetened beverage intake has examined the consumption patterns of sugared beverages by college students, despite the vulnerabilities of this population to weight gain. The current study sought to characterize sugar-sweetened beverage intake of undergraduate students who belong to high socio-economic strata and to study its correlation with presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587868/-you-do-not-cross-them-hierarchy-and-emotion-in-doctors-narratives-of-power-relations-in-specialist-training
#18
Sophie Crowe, Nicholas Clarke, Ruairi Brugha
Studies of medical education often focus on experiences and socialisation processes among undergraduate students, with fewer examining emotionality among postgraduate trainees. This article explores the relationship between power and emotion, questioning how affective relations between senior and junior doctors are patterned on the hierarchical structure of medicine. The study employs qualitative methods of in-depth, face-to-face and telephone interviews with fifty doctors at initial and advanced stages of specialist postgraduate training in teaching hospitals across Ireland, conducted between May and July, 2015...
May 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584870/the-inventory-as-a-core-element-in-the-further-development-of-the-science-curriculum-in-the-mannheim-reformed-curriculum-of-medicine
#19
Julia Eckel, Katrin Schüttpelz-Brauns, Thomas Miethke, Alexandra Rolletschek, Harald M Fritz
Introduction: The German Council of Science and Humanities as well as a number of medical professional associations support the strengthening of scientific competences by developing longitudinal curricula for teaching scientific competences in the undergraduate medical education. The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) has also defined medical scientific skills as learning objectives in addition to the role of the scholar. The development of the Mannheim science curriculum started with a systematic inventory of the teaching of scientific competences in the Mannheim Reformed Curriculum of Medicine (MaReCuM)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584869/development-of-the-competency-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-new-augsburg-university-medical-school
#20
Anja Härtl, Pascal Berberat, Martin R Fischer, Helmuth Forst, Stefanie Grützner, Thomas Händl, Felix Joachimski, Renate Linné, Bruno Märkl, Markus Naumann, Reinhard Putz, Werner Schneider, Claus Schöler, Markus Wehler, Reinhard Hoffmann
Aim: With the resolution from April 28, 2014, the Bavarian state government in Germany decided to found a new medical school at Augsburg University, thereby requiring the development of a competency-based medical curriculum. Methods: Two interdisciplinary groups developed a spiral curriculum (following Harden) employing the model of Thumser-Dauth & Öchsner. The curriculum focuses on specifically defined competencies: medical expertise, independent scientific reasoning, argumentation and scholarship, as well as communication skills...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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