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Qualitative secondary analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922265/-stuck-in-the-icu-caring-for-children-with-chronic-critical-illness
#1
Carrie M Henderson, Erin P Williams, Miriam C Shapiro, Emily Hahn, Laura Wright-Sexton, Nancy Hutton, Renee D Boss
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal ICUs and PICUs increasingly admit patients with chronic critical illness: children whose medical complexity leads to recurrent and prolonged ICU hospitalizations. We interviewed participants who routinely care for children with chronic critical illness to describe their experiences with ICU care for pediatric chronic critical illness. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed for themes. SETTING: Stakeholders came from five regions (Seattle, WA; Houston, TX; Jackson, MS; Baltimore, MD; and Philadelphia, PA)...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921574/ideology-and-resistance-in-young-people-s-experiences-of-health-under-the-imperative-of-enjoyment
#2
Kathrine Vitus
This article explores upper secondary school students' understandings and experiences of health in Denmark, where public health promotions appeal to pleasure. Health promotion thereby taps into capitalist society's 'imperative of enjoyment', which reproduces ideological fantasies about the fulfilment of desires through the consumption of health. Based on qualitative empirical material produced through participatory and visual methods during fieldwork conducted in 2012, the analysis shows that relations between healthiness and pleasure are conflated and paradoxical: the students try to fit into society not only by being healthy, but also by enjoying healthiness; but if they fail pleasure, they fail healthiness and experience a loss of individual social value...
September 17, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917622/does-gender-matter-an-analysis-of-men-s-and-women-s-accounts-of-responding-to-symptoms-of-lung-cancer
#3
Alice MacLean, Kate Hunt, Sarah Smith, Sally Wyke
Men are often portrayed - in research studies, 'common-sense' accounts and popular media - as reluctant users of health services. They are said to avoid going to the GP whenever possible, while women are portrayed, in presumed opposition, as consulting more readily, more frequently and with less serious complaints. Such stereotypes may inadvertently encourage doctors to pay greater heed to men's symptoms in 'routine' consultations. Although previous research has challenged this view with evidence, and suggested that links between gender identities and help-seeking are complex and fluid, gender comparative studies remain uncommon, and particularly few studies (either qualitative or quantitative) compare men and women with similar morbidity...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917376/ayurvedic-versus-conventional-dietary-and-lifestyle-counseling-for-mothers-with-burnout-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-including-a-qualitative-evaluation
#4
Christian S Kessler, Clemens Eisenmann, Frank Oberzaucher, Martin Forster, Nico Steckhan, Larissa Meier, Elmar Stapelfeldt, Andreas Michalsen, Michael Jeitler
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda claims to be effective in the treatment of psychosomatic disorders by means of lifestyle and nutritional counseling. DESIGN: In a randomized controlled study mothers with burnout were randomized into two groups: Ayurvedic nutritional counseling (according to tradition), and conventional nutritional counseling (following the recommendations of a family doctor). Patients received five counseling sessions over twelve weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes included levels of burnout, quality of life, sleep, stress, depression/anxiety, and spirituality at three and six months...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916325/what-is-the-incidence-of-implant-malpositioning-and-revision-surgery-after-orbital-repair
#5
Fabian Schlittler, Andre Schmidli, Franca Wagner, Chantal Michel, Matthias Mottini, Olivier Lieger
PURPOSE: Postoperative radiographic examinations are the gold standard in maxillofacial surgery, except in orbital reconstruction. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of implant malposition and revision operation after orbital repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in a level I trauma center at the University Hospital in Bern, Switzerland. To assess the incidence of malpositioning, a qualitative analysis of postoperative computed tomography scans, as well as comparative volumetric measurements of the orbits, was conducted...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914626/secondary-traumatic-stress-in-nicu-nurses-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Cheryl Tatano Beck, Regina M Cusson, Robert K Gable
BACKGROUND: Secondary traumatic stress is an occupational hazard for healthcare providers who care for patients who have been traumatized. This type of stress has been reported in various specialties of nursing, but no study to date had specifically focused on neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses. PURPOSE: (1) To determine the prevalence and severity of secondary traumatic stress in NICU nurses and (2) to explore those quantitative findings in more depth through nurses' qualitative descriptions of their traumatic experiences caring for critically ill infants in the NICU...
September 13, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914229/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-beta-interferon-and-glatiramer-acetate-for-treating-multiple-sclerosis-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#7
G J Melendez-Torres, Peter Auguste, Xavier Armoiry, Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Rachel Court, Jason Madan, Alan Kan, Stephanie Lin, Carl Counsell, Jacoby Patterson, Jeremy Rodrigues, Olga Ciccarelli, Hannah Fraser, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND: At the time of publication of the most recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance [technology appraisal (TA) 32] in 2002 on beta-interferon (IFN-β) and glatiramer acetate (GA) for multiple sclerosis, there was insufficient evidence of their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To undertake (1) systematic reviews of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of IFN-β and GA in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) compared with best supportive care (BSC) and each other, investigating annualised relapse rate (ARR) and time to disability progression confirmed at 3 months and 6 months and (2) cost-effectiveness assessments of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for CIS and RRMS compared with BSC and each other...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914124/case-management-helps-prevent-criminal-justice-recidivism-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#8
Heather Leutwyler, Erin Hubbard, Elaine Zahnd
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss how case management can decrease recidivism for people with serious mental illness (SMI) because people with SMI are at high risk for incarceration and recidivism. Design/methodology/approach Examples of successful case management models for formerly incarcerated individuals with SMI found through a secondary analysis of qualitative data and an analysis of the literature are presented. Findings Currently, no international, national, or statewide guidelines exist to ensure that formerly incarcerated individuals with SMI receive case management upon community reentry despite evidence that such services can prevent further criminal justice involvement...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913937/healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-neglect-of-older-people-in-mexico-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#9
Billy A Caceres, Linda Bub, Maria Isabel Negrete, Liliana Giraldo Rodríguez, Allison P Squires
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe healthcare professionals' perceptions of neglect of older people in Mexico. BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of older people, particularly neglect, has emerged as a significant public health concern worldwide. However, few studies have been conducted to examine neglect of older people in low- and middle-income countries. Most research has focused on estimating the prevalence of neglect in older populations with little emphasis on the perceptions of healthcare professionals and their role in addressing neglect of older people...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901701/exploring-extended-scope-of-practice-in-dietetics-a-systems-approach
#10
Dominique Ryan, Fiona Pelly, Elizabeth Purcell
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore health professionals' perceptions of an extended scope of a practice clinic, and develop a framework using a systems approach to facilitate extended scope models across various health settings. METHODS: A qualitative investigation using semi-structured interviews with four health professionals involved in an extended scope dietitian-led gastroenterology clinic in a hospital in regional Queensland was conducted. A case study design was utilised to investigate interviewees' perceptions of the clinic...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899449/the-provider-perspective-investigating-the-effect-of-the-electronic-patient-reported-outcome-epro-mobile-application-and-portal-on-primary-care-provider-workflow
#11
Parminder K Hans, Carolyn Steele Gray, Ashlinder Gill, James Tiessen
Aim This qualitative study investigates how the Electronic Patient-Reported Outcome (ePRO) mobile application and portal system, designed to capture patient-reported measures to support self-management, affected primary care provider workflows. BACKGROUND: The Canadian health system is facing an ageing population that is living with chronic disease. Disruptive innovations like mobile health technologies can help to support health system transformation needed to better meet the multifaceted needs of the complex care patient...
September 13, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894547/a-novel-therapy-for-cocaine-dependence-during-abstinence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Bijan Pirnia, Ali Reza Moradi, Kambiz Pirnia, Parisa Kolahi, Rasool Roshan
BACKGROUND: Topiramate is an anticonvulsant drug and an ideal candidate for reducing the craving in people relying on cocaine. Contingency management is one of the common therapies in the domain of addiction. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate and compare three medication methods of Topiramate (TPM), Contingency Management (CM) and the combined TPM treatment and cash intervention on craving during abstinence. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Bijan Center for Substance Abuse Treatment in Tehran, Iran, from December 15, 2014 to November 20, 2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890773/the-use-of-facilities-for-labor-and-delivery-the-views-of-women-in-rural-uganda
#13
Rebecca Newell, Ian Spillman, Marie-Louise Newell
The aim of the paper is to explore factors associated with home or hospital delivery in rural Uganda. Qualitative interviews with recently-delivered women in rural Uganda and statistical analysis of data from the 2011 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) to assess the association between socio-demographic and cultural factors and delivery location in multivariable regression models. In the DHS, 61.7% (of 4907) women had a facility-based delivery (FBD); in adjusted analyses, FBD was associated with an urban setting [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890343/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-breast-reduction-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
James Zapata-Copete, Santiago Aguilera-Mosquera, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and harm of using antibiotic prophylaxis versus placebo or no intervention in patients undergoing breast reduction surgery to prevent surgical site infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search strategy was conducted in the MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE, and LILACS databases. Searches were also conducted in other databases and unpublished literature. Clinical trials were included without language restrictions. The risk of bias was evaluated with the Cochrane Collaboration's tool...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889915/-every-child-that-is-a-foster-child-is-marked-from-the-beginning-the-home-school-communication-experiences-of-foster-parents-of-children-with-disabilities
#15
Carolyn B Mires, David L Lee, David McNaughton
This study investigated the perceptions of foster parents of children with disabilities concerning their interactions with school personnel. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 7 foster parents of 6 children with disabilities (age range=5-16). A qualitative analysis of the interviews resulted in the identification of five thematic areas, including foster parent perceptions of: (a) the role of the foster parent, (b) the efficacy of the foster parent in helping the child learn, (c) invitations to involvement from the school (d) invitations to involvement from the child, and (e) foster child experiences in the school system...
September 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888512/caring-for-a-child-with-an-obstetric-brachial-plexus-injury-a-metaphor-analysis
#16
Cheryl Tatano Beck
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the metaphors used by mothers to describe their experiences caring for their children with obstetric brachial plexus injuries. DESIGN AND METHODS: A secondary qualitative data analysis was conducted from the primary data set of a phenomenological study of mothers' experiences caring for their children with obstetric brachial plexus injuries. The type of secondary qualitative data analysis approach used was analytic expansion...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888498/parental-expectations-of-support-from-healthcare-providers-during-pediatric-life-threatening-illness-a-secondary-qualitative-analysis
#17
Kim Mooney-Doyle, Maiara Rodrigues Dos Santos, Regina Szylit, Janet A Deatrick
PURPOSES: To explain parental expectations of support from healthcare providers for their parenting roles and goals during a child's life-threatening illness (LTI). DESIGN AND METHODS: Qualitative interpretive study guided by the Family Adjustment and Adaptation Response Model. Thematic analyses were conducted with data from 31 semi-structured interviews of parents of children with LTI using systematic strategies to ensure rigor including audit trails and prolonged engagement...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886747/women-s-views-and-experiences-of-two-alternative-consent-pathways-for-participation-in-a-preterm-intrapartum-trial-a-qualitative-study
#18
Alexandra Sawyer, Celine Chhoa, Susan Ayers, Angela Pushpa-Rajah, Lelia Duley
BACKGROUND: The Cord Pilot Trial compared alternative policies for timing of cord clamping at very preterm birth at eight UK hospitals. In addition to standard written consent, an oral assent pathway was developed for use when birth was imminent. The aim of this study was to explore women's views and experiences of two alternative consent pathways to participate in the Cord Pilot Trial. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. A total of 179 participants in the Cord Pilot Trial were sent a postal invitation to take part in interviews...
September 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886398/perceptions-of-women-on-workloads-in-health-facilities-and-its-effect-on-maternal-health-care-a-multi-site-qualitative-study-in-nigeria
#19
R N Ogu, L F C Ntoimo, F E Okonofua
OBJECTIVE: of the study was to explore women's perception of maternal health care providers' workload and its effects on the delivery of maternal healthcare in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. RESEARCH DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: five focus groups discussions (FGDs) were conducted with women in each of eight secondary and tertiary hospitals in 8 States in four geo-political zones of the country. In all, 40 FGDs were held with women attending antenatal and post-natal clinics in the hospitals...
August 30, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879244/care-pathways-in-persistent-orofacial-pain-qualitative-evidence-from-the-deep-study
#20
M Breckons, S M Bissett, C Exley, V Araujo-Soares, J Durham
Persistent orofacial pain is relatively common and known to have an adverse effect on quality of life. Previous studies suggest that the current care pathway may be problematic, but it is not well understood which health services patients access and what their experience is. The aim of this study was to explore care pathways and their impact from the perspective of patients. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a maximum variation sample of patients recruited from primary (community based) and secondary (specialist hospital based) care in the United Kingdom...
January 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
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