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Qualitative secondary analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786028/evaluation-of-a-distance-learning-academic-support-program-for-medical-graduates-during-rural-hospital-service-in-india
#1
Rashmi Vyas, Anand Zachariah, Isobel Swamidasan, Priya Doris, Ilene Harris
Background: Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India, a tertiary care hospital, designed a year-long Fellowship in Secondary Hospital Medicine (FSHM) for CMC graduates, with the aim to support them during rural service and be motivated to consider practicing in these hospitals. The FSHM was a blend of 15 paper-based distance learning modules, 3 contact sessions, community project work, and networking. This paper reports on the evaluation of the FSHM program. Methods: The curriculum development process for the FSHM reflected the six-step approach including problem identification, needs assessment, formulating objectives, selecting educational strategies, implementation, and evaluation...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781916/the-role-of-family-of-origin-in-current-lifestyle-choices-a-qualitative-secondary-data-analysis-of-interracial-and-same-race-couples
#2
Ana Laura Fonseca, Jill Koyama, Emily A Butler
Many Americans are in poor health. This is acute for racial/ethnic minorities compared with the Non-Hispanic white population. A grounded theory approach was used to analyze semistructured qualitative interviews to identify perceptions of family-of-origin lifestyle choices in same-race and interracial couples. Several central themes emerged from the data including influence of family-of-origin eating patterns, lack of family-of-origin importance for physical activity, and romantic partner influence in eating and exercise...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780031/adolescent-self-consent-for-vaccinations-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#3
Harriet Fisher, Matthew Hickman, John Macleod, Suzanne Audrey
INTRODUCTION: The recent global expansion of routine adolescent vaccination programmes has the potential to protect young people against the acquisition of infectious disease and improve their health. Although in many countries the legal framework supports young people to provide consent for medical interventions if they are considered competent, written parental consent can act as a barrier to uptake as it is frequently a condition of adolescent vaccination programmes. The aim of this systematic review protocol is to document the methods which will be used to identify, appraise and synthesise the available qualitative and quantitative evidence to address: (1) whether implementation of adolescent self-consent procedures can increase vaccination uptake and (2) the barriers and facilitators to implementation of adolescent self-consent procedures...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779465/moral-dilemmas-and-abortion-decision-making-lessons-learnt-from-abortion-research-in-england-and-wales
#4
Lesley Hoggart
This paper scrutinises the concepts of moral reasoning and personal reasoning, problematising the binary model by looking at young women's pregnancy decision-making. Data from two UK empirical studies are subjected to theoretically driven qualitative secondary analysis, and illustrative cases show how complex decision-making is characterised by an intertwining of the personal and the moral, and is thus best understood by drawing on moral relativism.
May 21, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778829/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-physical-activity-and-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-in-young-adults-3-10-years-after-an-intra-articular-knee-injury
#5
Allison M Ezzat, Mariana Brussoni, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of the injury experience on current attitudes and beliefs about physical activity (PA) and the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in youth and young adults 3-10 years after a sport-related knee injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: University Sports Medical/Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: 20 young adults 3-10 years subsequent to intra-articular knee injury...
May 4, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777778/anterior-approach-in-humeral-plating-osteosynthesis
#6
Daniel Handy Eone, Prudence Christelle Danielle Ngono, Marie Josée Essi, Gaël Leckpa, Kennedy Olivier Muluem, Farikou Ibrahima, Maurice Aurélien Sosso
CONTEXT: Humeral plating osteosynthesis is controversial, particularly regarding the choice between anterior and lateral approach, data for which in the context of a low-income country are lacking. HYPOTHESIS: The anterior approach is an easy surgical technique, allowing good anatomic reconstruction. We hypothesize that the anterior approach is associated with fewer neurovascular lesions and functional sequelae than the lateral approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study with assessment update was carried out over a period of 6 years 4 months from January 2010 to June 2016, with consecutive recruitment in the city of Yaoundé, Cameroon...
May 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774035/aldaulactone-an-original-phytotoxic-secondary-metabolite-involved-in-the-aggressiveness-of-alternaria-dauci-on-carrot
#7
Julia Courtial, Latifa Hamama, Jean-Jacques Helesbeux, Mickaël Lecomte, Yann Renaux, Esteban Guichard, Linda Voisine, Claire Yovanopoulos, Bruno Hamon, Laurent Ogé, Pascal Richomme, Mathilde Briard, Tristan Boureau, Séverine Gagné, Pascal Poupard, Romain Berruyer
Qualitative plant resistance mechanisms and pathogen virulence have been extensively studied since the formulation of the gene-for-gene hypothesis. The mechanisms involved in the quantitative traits of aggressiveness and plant partial resistance are less well-known. Nevertheless, they are prevalent in most plant-necrotrophic pathogen interactions, including the Daucus carota - Alternaria dauci interaction. Phytotoxic metabolite production by the pathogen plays a key role in aggressiveness in these interactions...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773688/understanding-patients-perceptions-of-asthma-control-a-qualitative-study
#8
Natalie Bidad, Neil Barnes, Chris Griffiths, Rob Horne
Asthma control is suboptimal for many sufferers despite the existence of effective treatments. Patients' self-management is influenced by their perceptions of asthma and its treatment. This study explored sufferers' perceptions of asthma control and their influence on self-management behaviours.Participants (n=42) recruited from primary and secondary care asthma clinics in London each underwent a qualitative interview exploring perceptions and experiences of asthma control. Purposive sampling ensured variation in disease severity, degree of asthma control, age and socioeconomic status...
May 17, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772024/use-of-human-amniotic-epithelial-cells-in-mouse-models-of-bleomycin-induced-lung-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Fang He, Aiting Zhou, Shuo Feng
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) urgently requires effective treatment. Bleomycin-induced lung injury models are characterized by initial inflammation and secondary fibrosis, consistent with the pathological features of IPF. Human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) exhibit good differentiation potential and paracrine activity and are thus ideal for cell-based clinical therapies. The therapeutic effects of hAECs on lung fibrosis are attributed to many factors. We performed a systematic review of preclinical studies investigating the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis with hAECs to provide suggestions for their clinical use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769753/developing-a-typology-of-mentoring-programmes-for-young-people-attending-secondary-school-in-the-united-kingdom-using-qualitative-methods
#10
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. The typology was consulted on with five experts in mentoring...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769107/a-pedometer-based-walking-intervention-with-and-without-email-counseling-in-general-practice-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Tomas Vetrovsky, Jozef Cupka, Martin Dudek, Blanka Kuthanova, Klaudia Vetrovska, Vaclav Capek, Vaclav Bunc
BACKGROUND: General practitioners play a fundamental role in combatting the current epidemic of physical inactivity, and pedometer-based walking interventions are able to increase physical activity levels of their patients. Supplementing these interventions with email counseling driven by feedback from the pedometer has the potential to further improve their effectiveness but it has to be yet confirmed in clinical trials. Therefore, the aim of our pilot randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the feasibility and potential efficacy of future trials designed to assess the additional benefit of email counseling added to a pedometer-based intervention in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766747/a-seat-around-the-table-participatory-data-analysis-with-people-living-with-dementia
#12
Charlotte L Clarke, Heather Wilkinson, Julie Watson, Jane Wilcockson, Lindsay Kinnaird, Toby Williamson
The involvement of "people with experience" in research has developed considerably in the last decade. However, involvement as co-analysts at the point of data analysis and synthesis has received very little attention-in particular, there is very little work that involves people living with dementia as co-analysts. In this qualitative secondary data analysis project, we (a) analyzed data through two theoretical lenses: Douglas's cultural theory of risk and Tronto's Ethic of Care, and (b) analyzed data in workshops with people living with dementia...
May 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761752/addressing-cancer-patient-and-caregiver-role-transitions-during-home-hospice-nursing-care
#13
Janella Hudson, Maija Reblin, Margaret F Clayton, Lee Ellington
OBJECTIVE: Many family caregivers and hospice patients experience role changes resulting from advancing illness and the need for increased caregiver responsibility. Successful navigation of conflicts that arise because of these role transitions has been linked to higher quality of patient care and improved caregiver bereavement adjustment. Nursing communication with patients and their caregivers plays an important role in facilitating these transitions. Our objective is to describe patient-caregiver-nurse communication during transitions at end of life...
May 15, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761255/considering-axiological-integrity-a-methodological-analysis-of-qualitative-evidence-syntheses-and-its-implications-for-health-professions-education
#14
REVIEW
Martina Kelly, Rachel H Ellaway, Helen Reid, Heather Ganshorn, Sarah Yardley, Deirdre Bennett, Tim Dornan
Qualitative evidence synthesis (QES) is a suite of methodologies that combine qualitative techniques with the synthesis of qualitative knowledge. They are particularly suited to medical education as these approaches pool findings from original qualitative studies, whilst paying attention to context and theoretical development. Although increasingly sophisticated use is being made of qualitative primary research methodologies in health professions education (HPE) the use of secondary qualitative reviews in HPE remains underdeveloped...
May 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756559/help-seeking-behaviors-for-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-by-men-receiving-substance-use-treatment-a-mixed-methods-secondary-analysis
#15
Nozomu Hashimoto, Polly Radcliffe, Gail Gilchrist
Despite the high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration by men receiving substance use treatment, little is known about their help-seeking behaviors for IPV. A secondary analysis of a mixed-methods study of men receiving substance use treatment who perpetrated IPV examined the prevalence, characteristics, and barriers associated with IPV perpetration disclosure and help-seeking. In total, 170 men were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, and a subsample of 20 were interviewed in-depth about their experiences...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751754/examining-diffusion-to-understand-the-how-of-sasa-a-violence-against-women-and-hiv-prevention-intervention-in-uganda
#16
Elizabeth Starmann, Lori Heise, Nambusi Kyegombe, Karen Devries, Tanya Abramsky, Lori Michau, Tina Musuya, Charlotte Watts, Martine Collumbien
BACKGROUND: A growing number of complex public health interventions combine mass media with community-based "change agents" and/or mobilisation efforts acting at multiple levels. While impact evaluations are important, there is a paucity of research into the more nuanced roles intervention and social network factors may play in achieving intervention outcomes, making it difficult to understand how different aspects of the intervention worked (or did not). This study applied aspects of diffusion of innovations theory to explore how SASA!, a community mobilisation approach for preventing HIV and violence against women, diffused within intervention communities and the factors that influenced the uptake of new ideas and behaviours around intimate partner relationships and violence...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748230/senior-doctor-triage-sdt-a-qualitative-study-of-clinicians-views-on-senior-doctors-involvement-in-triage-and-early-assessment-of-emergency-patients
#17
Maysam Ali Abdulwahid, Janette Turner, Suzanne M Mason
INTRODUCTION: Despite the focus during the last decade on introducing interventions such as senior doctor initial assessment or senior doctor triage (SDT) to reduce emergency department (ED) crowding, there has been little attempt to identify the views of emergency healthcare professionals on such interventions. The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of SDT from the perspective of emergency hospital staff. A secondary aim of this study was to develop a definition of SDT based on the interview findings and the available literature on this process...
May 10, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746262/clinical-comparison-of-surgical-constructs-for-anterior-cervical-corpectomy-and-fusion-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-or-ossified-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Timothy R Niedzielak, Joseph Palmer, John P Malloy
STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the differences in outcomes among current constructs and techniques for anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) in patients with single or multiple level cervical myelopathy (CM) secondary to cervical spondylosis or ossified posterior longitudinal ligament. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The natural history of CM can be a progressive disease process. In such cases, where surgical decompression is indicated to halt the progression, ACCF is typically chosen for pathology located posterior to the vertebral body...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743326/reducing-urinary-catheter-use-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-electronic-reminder-system-in-hospitalised-patients-in-australia
#19
Oyebola Fasugba, Allen C Cheng, Philip L Russo, Maria Northcote, Hannah Rosebrock, Brett G Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Despite advances in infection prevention and control, catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are common and remain problematic. Prolonged urinary catheterisation is the main risk factor for development of CAUTIs; hence, interventions that target early catheter removal warrant investigation. The study's objectives are to examine the efficacy of an electronic reminder system, the CATH TAG, in reducing urinary catheter use (device utilisation ratio) and to determine the effect of the CATH TAG on nurses' ability to deliver patient care...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742044/end-of-life-decision-making-in-palliative-care-and-recommendations-of-the-council-of-europe-qualitative-secondary-analysis-of-interviews-and-observation-field-notes
#20
Sandra Martins Pereira, Emília Fradique, Pablo Hernández-Marrero
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decisions (ELDs) are embedded in clinical, sociocultural, political, economic, and ethical concerns. In 2014, the Council of Europe (CoE) through its Committee on Bioethics launched the "Guide on the decision-making process regarding medical treatment in end-of-life situations," aiming at improving decision-making processes and empowering professionals in making ELDs. OBJECTIVE: To analyze if end-of-life decision making in palliative care (PC) is consistent with this Guide and to identify if disputed/controversial issues are part of current ELDs...
May 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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