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Qualitative secondary analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149847/individuals-explanations-for-their-persistent-or-recurrent-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Jenny Setchell, Nathalia Costa, Manuela Ferreira, Joanna Makovey, Mandy Nielsen, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND: Most people experience low back pain (LBP), and it is often ongoing or recurrent. Contemporary research knowledge indicates individual's pain beliefs have a strong effect on their pain experience and management. This study's primary aim was to determine the discourses (patterns of thinking) underlying people's beliefs about what causes their LBP to persist. The secondary aim was to investigate what they believed was the source of this thinking. METHODS: We used a primarily qualitative survey design: 130 participants answered questions about what caused their LBP to persist, and where they learned about these causes...
November 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146681/a-qualitative-study-of-patient-involvement-in-medicines-management-after-hospital-discharge-an-under-recognised-source-of-systems-resilience
#2
Beth Fylan, Gerry Armitage, Deirdre Naylor, Alison Blenkinsopp
INTRODUCTION: There are risks to the safety of medicines management when patient care is transferred between healthcare organisations, for example, when a patient is discharged from hospital. Using the theoretical concept of resilience in healthcare, this study aimed to better understand the proactive role that patients can play in creating safer, resilient medicines management at a common transition of care. METHODS: Qualitative interviews with 60 cardiology patients 6 weeks after their discharge from 2 UK hospitals explored patients' experiences with their discharge medicines...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#3
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138527/longitudinal-analysis-of-mouse-sdoct-volumes
#4
Bhavna J Antony, Aaron Carass, Andrew Lang, Byung-Jin Kim, Donald J Zack, Jerry L Prince
Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT), in addition to its routine clinical use in the diagnosis of ocular diseases, has begun to find increasing use in animal studies. Animal models are frequently used to study disease mechanisms as well as to test drug efficacy. In particular, SDOCT provides the ability to study animals longitudinally and non-invasively over long periods of time. However, the lack of anatomical landmarks makes the longitudinal scan acquisition prone to inconsistencies in orientation...
February 11, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135720/clinical-outcome-following-total-joint-replacement-and-arthrodesis-for-hallux-rigidus-a-systematic-review
#5
Jasper Stevens, Robin T A L de Bot, Joris P S Hermus, Lodewijk W van Rhijn, Adhiambo M Witlox
BACKGROUND: Hallux rigidus is a common cause of foot pain in the elderly and has a negative impact on quality of life. Several operative treatment options are available for feet that are refractory to conservative treatment. Of these, total joint replacement and arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint are the most commonly performed interventions. Nevertheless, it is still not known which intervention results in the best clinical outcome and the fewest complications. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for studies assessing outcome with the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society-Hallux Metatarsophalangeal Interphalangeal (AOFAS-HMI) score, Foot Function Index (FFI), visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, or Short Form-36 (SF-36) in patients who underwent an arthrodesis or total joint replacement for the treatment of symptomatic hallux rigidus...
November 14, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128433/shared-decision-making-in-home-hospice-nursing-visits-a-qualitative-study
#6
Debra Parker Oliver, Karla Washington, George Demiris, Audrey Wallace, Marc R Propst, Aisha M Uraizee, Kevin Craig, Margaret F Clayton, Maija Reblin, Lee Ellington
BACKGROUND: Shared decisions between health care providers and patients and families are replacing the traditional physician-driven plans of care. Hospice philosophy recognizes the patient and family as a unit of care and embraces their role in decision making. AIM: The goal of this study was to evaluate the shared decisions between hospice nurses and patients and family members. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of audio recordings of 65 home hospice nurse visits Settings/participants: 65 home hospice nurse visits in 11 different US hospice programs RESULTS: To varying degrees, hospice nurses used all the recommended elements of shared decision making during home visits with patients and families; however, not all elements were used in every visit...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122782/study-protocol-for-the-cities-changing-diabetes-programme-a-global-mixed-methods-approach
#7
A David Napier, John J Nolan, Malene Bagger, Louise Hesseldal, Anna-Maria Volkmann
INTRODUCTION: Urban living has been shown to affect health in various ways. As the world is becoming more urbanised and almost two-thirds of people with diabetes now live in cities, research into the relationship between urban living, health and diabetes is key to improving the lives of many. The majority of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes, a subset linked to overweight and obesity, decreased physical activity and unhealthy diets. Diabetes has significant consequences for those living with the condition as well as their families, relationships and wider society...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121413/person-centredness-in-elder-care-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-a-study-among-home-dwelling-men-and-women-in-the-faroe-islands
#8
Ása Róin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: As individuals in Western societies age, there is increasing demand for home-based care to help older people stay in their homes for as long as possible and provide services that ensure a person's quality of life in old age. Numerous attempts are made to develop a framework to secure quality of care. However, research has shown insufficient quality in care for older people. In this paper, the purpose is to study how older people's experiences with home care reflect a person-centred approach to care...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120385/hospital-audit-as-a-useful-tool-in-the-process-of-introducing-falsified-medicines-directive-fmd-into-hospital-pharmacy-settings-a-pilot-study
#9
Urszula Religioni, Damian Swieczkowski, Anna Gawrońska, Anna Kowalczuk, Mariola Drozd, Mikołaj Zerhau, Dariusz Smoliński, Stanisław Radomiński, Natalia Cwalina, David Brindley, Miłosz J Jaguszewski, Piotr Merks
BACKGROUND: Recently, the European Union has introduced the Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD). Additionally, in early 2016, a Delegated Act (DA) related to the FMD was published. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of external audits in the context of implementing new regulations provided by the FMD in the secondary care environment. METHODS: The external, in-person workflow audits were performed by an authentication company in three Polish hospital pharmacies...
November 9, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113605/rapid-review-of-cognitive-screening-instruments-in-mci-proposal-for-a-process-based-approach-modification-of-overlapping-tasks-in-select-widely-used-instruments
#10
Unai Díaz-Orueta, Alberto Blanco-Campal, Teresa Burke
BACKGROUND: A detailed neuropsychological assessment plays an important role in the diagnostic process of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). However, available brief cognitive screening tests for this clinical population are administered and interpreted based mainly, or exclusively, on total achievement scores. This score-based approach can lead to erroneous clinical interpretations unless we also pay attention to the test taking behavior or to the type of errors committed during test performance...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112776/a-meta-ethnography-of-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-successful-implementation-of-patient-complaints-processes-in-health-care-settings
#11
David A H Scott, Suzanne M Grant
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize experiences of the patient complaints process for patients and health-care professionals to identify facilitators and barriers in the successful implementation of patient complaints processes. This will assist the development of cultural change programmes, enabling complaints managers to incorporate stakeholder perspectives into future care. DESIGN: Systematic literature search and meta-ethnography, comprising reciprocal syntheses of "patient" and "professional" qualitative studies, combined to form a "line-of-argument" embodying both perspectives...
November 7, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097921/investigating-the-lymphatic-system-by-dual-color-elemental-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#12
Ann-Christin Niehoff, Tim Klasen, Rebecca Schmidt, Daniel Palmes, Cornelius Faber, Uwe Karst, Rebecca Hadrian
Secondary lymphedema accompanied with strong restrictions in quality of life is still major side effects in cancer therapy. Therefore, dedicated diagnostic tools and further investigation of the lymphatic system are crucial to improve lymphedema therapy. In this pilot study, a method for quantitative analysis of the lymphatic system in a rat model by laser ablation (LA) with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry imaging (ICP-MSI) is presented. As a possible lymph marker, thulium(III)(1R,4R,7R,10R)-α,α',α'',α'''-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetate (Tm-DOTMA) is introduced and compared to the clinically used magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent gadolinium(III)2,2',2''-(10-((2R,3S)-1,3,4-trihydroxybutan-2-yl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triyl)triacetate (Gd-DO3A-butrol)...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077229/does-cryopreservation-influence-perinatal-outcome-after-blastocyst-stage-vs-cleavage-stage-transfer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Carlo Alviggi, Alessandro Conforti, Ilma Floriana Carbone, Rosaria Borrelli, Giuseppe De Placido, Stefano Guerriero
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perinatal outcomes of singleton pregnancies between blastocyst and cleavage embryo transfer and to assess whether this differs between fresh and frozen embryo transfer cycles. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was carried out using the SCOPUS, MEDLINE and ISI WEB OF SCIENCE databases with no time restriction. The search terms were "blastocyst", "cleavage-stage embryo", "perinatal outcome", "perinatal mortality", "preterm birth", "premature birth", "birth weight", "congenital abnormalities", "congenital defect", "deformity", and "birth defect"...
October 27, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074513/study-protocol-for-the-helpmedoit-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-an-app-web-and-social-support-based-weight-loss-intervention-for-adults-with-obesity
#14
Lynsay Matthews, Juliana Pugmire, Laurence Moore, Mark Kelson, Alex McConnachie, Emma McIntosh, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Simon Murphy, Kathryn Hughes, Elinor Coulman, Olga Utkina-Macaskill, Sharon Anne Simpson
INTRODUCTION: HelpMeDoIt! will test the feasibility of an innovative weight loss intervention using a smartphone app and website. Goal setting, self-monitoring and social support are three key facilitators of behaviour change. HelpMeDoIt! incorporates these features and encourages participants to invite 'helpers' from their social circle to help them achieve their goal(s). AIM: To test the feasibility of the intervention in supporting adults with obesity to achieve weight loss goals...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070032/collaborative-partnership-and-the-social-value-of-clinical-research-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#15
Sanna-Maria Nurmi, Arja Halkoaho, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä
BACKGROUND: Protecting human subjects from being exploited is one of the main ethical challenges for clinical research. However, there is also a responsibility to protect and respect the communities who are hosting the research. Recently, attention has focused on the most efficient way of carrying out clinical research, so that it benefits society by providing valuable research while simultaneously protecting and respecting the human subjects and the communities where the research is conducted...
October 25, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069483/protein-profile-of-mouse-ovarian-follicles-grown-in-vitro
#16
Amandine Anastácio, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Solenne Chardonnet, Cédric Pionneau, Christian Fédérici, Teresa Almeida Santos, Catherine Poirot
STUDY QUESTION: Could the follicle proteome be mapped by identifying specific proteins that are common or differ between three developmental stages from the secondary follicle to the antrum-like stage? SUMMARY ANSWER: From a total of 1401 proteins identified in the follicles, 609 were common to the three developmental stages investigated and 444 were found uniquely at one of the stages. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The importance of the follicle as a functional structure has been recognized; however, up-to-date the proteome of the whole follicle has not been described...
October 23, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068288/timing-of-surgical-intervention-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-a-randomised-controlled-trial-hip-op
#17
Charlotte L Williams, Susie Weller, Lisa Roberts, Isabel Reading, Andrew Cook, Louisa Little, Wendy Wood, Louise Stanton, Andreas Roposch, Nicholas Mp Clarke
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a very common congenital disorder, and late-presenting cases often require surgical treatment. Surgical reduction of the hip may be complicated by avascular necrosis (AVN), which occurs as a result of interruption to the femoral head blood supply during treatment and can result in long-term problems. Some surgeons delay surgical treatment until the ossific nucleus (ON) has developed, whereas others believe that the earlier the reduction is performed, the better the result...
October 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066177/barriers-and-strategies-for-healthy-food-choices-among-american-indian-tribal-college-students-a-qualitative-analysis
#18
Jill F Keith, Sherri Stastny, Ardith Brunt, Wanda Agnew
BACKGROUND: American Indian and Alaskan Native individuals experience disproportionate levels of chronic health conditions such as type 2 diabetes and overweight and obesity that are influenced by dietary patterns and food choices. Understanding factors that influence healthy food choices among tribal college students can enrich education and programs that target dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: To build an understanding of factors that influence healthy food choices among tribal college students at increased risk for college attrition...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065105/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-childhood-infections-and-the-risk-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia
#19
Jeremiah Hwee, Christopher Tait, Lillian Sung, Jeffrey C Kwong, Rinku Sutradhar, Jason D Pole
BACKGROUND: To determine whether childhood infections were associated with the development of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). METHODS: We included studies that assessed any infection in childhood prior to the diagnosis of ALL in children aged 0-19 years compared to children without cancer. The primary analysis synthesised any infection against the odds of ALL, and secondary analyses assessed the frequency, severity, timing of infections, and specific infectious agents against the odds of ALL...
October 24, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064623/experimental-design-matters-for-statistical-analysis-how-to-handle-blocking
#20
Signe M Jensen, Frank Schaarschmidt, Andrea Onofri, Christian Ritz
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the evaluation of effects of pesticides often relies on experimental designs that involve multiple concentrations of the pesticide of interest or multiple pesticides at specific comparable concentrations and, possibly, secondary factors of interest. Unfortunately, the experimental design is often more or less neglected when analyzing data. Two data examples were analyzed using different modelling strategies: Firstly, in a randomized complete block design, mean heights of maize treated with a herbicide and one of several adjuvants were compared...
October 24, 2017: Pest Management Science
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