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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741283/caring-for-young-children-with-asthma-perspectives-from-urban-community-health-centers
#1
Ellen Childs, Margaret A Laws, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Anjali Nath, Margaret J Reid, Megan Sandel, Robyn T Cohen
Asthma disproportionately affects low-income, minority youth, with notable disparities among children <5 years of age. Understanding the perceptions of urban community health centers (CHCs) regarding treating young children with asthma could improve care for these patients. This study uses data from semi-structured focus groups with staff from eight urban CHCs. Themes emerged in three domains. Within the parent/family domain, providers noted low rates of follow-up visits, low health literacy, and-for young children specifically-misunderstanding about the diagnosis...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739559/nurse-moderated-internet-based-support-for-new-mothers-non-inferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Kerrie Bowering, Debra Jeffs, Alyssa C P Sawyer, Murthy Mittinty, John W Lynch
BACKGROUND: Internet-based interventions moderated by community nurses have the potential to improve support offered to new mothers, many of whom now make extensive use of the Internet to obtain information about infant care. However, evidence from population-based randomized controlled trials is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the non-inferiority of outcomes for mothers and infants who received a clinic-based postnatal health check plus nurse-moderated, Internet-based group support when infants were aged 1-7 months as compared with outcomes for those who received standard care consisting of postnatal home-based support provided by a community nurse...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739536/time2bhealthy-an-online-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-preschool-aged-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#3
Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The use of parent-focused internet-based programs for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity has shown promise but there is an acknowledged gap in parent-focused interventions which target the early childhood stage. METHODS: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of Time2bHealthy - an online healthy lifestyle program for parents of preschool-aged children. The program will be evaluated using a two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled design...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739535/importance-and-feasibility-of-transitional-care-for-children-with-medical-complexity-results-of-a-multi-stakeholder-delphi-process
#4
JoAnna K Leyenaar, Paul A Rizzo, Dmitry Khodyakov, Laurel K Leslie, Peter K Lindenauer, Rita Mangione-Smith
BACKGROUND: Children with medical complexity (CMC) account for disproportionate hospital utilization and adverse outcomes following discharge, and several gaps exist regarding the quality of hospital-to-home transitional care for this population. We conducted an expert elicitation process to identify important and feasible hospital-to-home transitional care interventions for CMC from the perspectives of parents and healthcare professionals. METHODS: We conducted a two-round electronic Delphi process to identify important and feasible transitional care interventions...
July 21, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739490/are-single-children-more-likely-to-be-overweight-or-obese-than-those-with-siblings-the-influence-of-china-s-one-child-policy-on-childhood-obesity
#5
Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Vivian H C Wang, Miao Li, Youfa Wang
China's one-child policy (1979-2015) has affected Chinese parenting practices and children's health behaviors and also may have contributed to increased childhood obesity. However, very limited research has investigated the association between one-child policy and childhood obesity. We examined characteristics of single-child families and the influence of one-child policy (indicated by single-child status) on children's weight status and related health behaviors. Data from children aged 6-18years old in the 2011 (n=1580) and 2000 (n=2317) China Health and Nutrition Survey were cross-sectionally analyzed with multilevel models...
July 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738799/prevalence-of-head-lice-infestation-and-pediculicidal-effect-of-permethrine-shampoo-in-primary-school-girls-in-a-low-income-area-in-southeast-of-iran
#6
Moussa Soleimani-Ahmadi, Seyed Aghil Jaberhashemi, Mehdi Zare, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi
BACKGROUND: Head lice infestation is a common public health problem that is most prevalent in primary school children throughout the world, especially in developing countries including different parts of Iran. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with head lice infestation and pediculicidal effect of 1% permethrin shampoo in primary schools girls of Bashagard County, one of the low socioeconomic areas in southeast of Iran. METHODS: In this interventional study six villages with similar demographical situations were selected and randomly assigned into intervention and control areas...
July 24, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738761/peer-led-aboriginal-parent-support-program-development-for-vulnerable-populations-with-participatory-action-research
#7
Ailsa Munns, Christine Toye, Desley Hegney, Marion Kickett, Rhonda Marriott, Roz Walker
BACKGROUND: Participatory action research is a credible, culturally appropriate methodology that can be used to effect collaborative change within vulnerable populations. AIM/OBJECTIVE: This participatory action research study was undertaken in a Western Australian metropolitan setting to develop and evaluate the suitability, feasibility and effectiveness of an Aboriginal peer-led home visiting program. A secondary aim, addressed in this paper, was to explore and describe research methodology used for the study and provide recommendations for its implementation in other similar situations...
July 25, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737839/moving-an-evidence-based-parenting-program-into-the-community
#8
Caroline K P Roben, Mary Dozier, E B Caron, Kristin Bernard
Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) is a parenting program developed to enhance sensitivity among parents of infants who experience early adversity. In several randomized clinical trials, the intervention's efficacy has been demonstrated. Moving interventions into the community with adequate fidelity is challenging, though, and intervention effects are often much smaller than when tested in randomized clinical trials. To enhance the likelihood that ABC is delivered with high fidelity, a microanalytic fidelity assessment was developed...
July 24, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737424/facilitator-and-participant-use-of-facebook-in-a-community-based-intervention-for-parents-the-infant-extend-program
#9
Katherine L Downing, Karen J Campbell, Paige van der Pligt, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites such as Facebook afford new opportunities for behavior-change interventions. Although often used as a recruitment tool, few studies have reported the use of Facebook as an intervention component to facilitate communication between researchers and participants. The aim of this study was to examine facilitator and participant use of a Facebook component of a community-based intervention for parents. METHODS: First-time parent groups participating in the intervention arm of the extended Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) Program were invited to join their own private Facebook group...
July 24, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736599/-attitudes-towards-sexual-communication-between-parents-and-adolescents-in-puerto-rico
#10
Ana Michelle Fernández, Melvin Negrón McFarlane, Ricardo González, Leslie Díaz, Elba Betancourt-Díaz, Francheska Cintrón-Bou, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Antonia Villarruel
Communication between parents and adolescents about sexuality faces challenges due in part to sociocultural factors. This study aimed to document the attitudes of parents and adolescents about communication regarding sexuality. The results emanate from the baseline measurement of the Cuídalos Project. The presented data is part of a larger study that aimed to evaluate a web-based module to foster communications between parents and adolescents (13-17 years of age) on health-related issues. In this article, we present the baseline data in which participants answered questions on their comfort when talking about sexual health issues...
January 2017: Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735455/examining-the-role-of-income-inequality-and-neighborhood-walkability-on-obesity-and-physical-activity-among-low-income-hispanic-adults
#11
Samuel D Towne, Michael L Lopez, Yajuan Li, Matthew Lee Smith, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans, Marcia G Ory
Obesity is a major public health issue affecting rising medical costs and contributing to morbidity and premature mortality. We aimed to identify factors that may play a role in obesity and physical activity at the individual and environmental/neighborhood levels. We analyzed data from an adult sample who were parents of students enrolled in a school-based health and wellness program. The sample was restricted to those who were Hispanic and whose children were on free/reduced lunch (n = 377). Dependent variables: body mass index (BMI); neighborhood walkability...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735447/cost-benefit-analysis-of-two-child-abuse-and-neglect-primary-prevention-programs-for-us-states
#12
Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Robert Thomas, Joanne Klevens
We assessed the US state-level budget and societal impact of implementing two child abuse and neglect (CAN) primary prevention programs. CAN cost estimates and data from two prevention programs (Child-Parent Centers and Nurse-Family Partnership) were combined with current population, cost, and CAN incidence data by US state. A cost-benefit mathematical model for each program by US state compared program costs with the future monetary value of benefits from reduced CAN. The models used a lifetime time horizon from government payer and societal perspectives...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734323/parental-influences-on-heavy-episodic-drinking-development-in-the-transition-to-early-adulthood
#13
Aubrey Spriggs Madkour, Gretchen Clum, Thomas T Miles, Heng Wang, Kristina Jackson, Frances Mather, Arti Shankar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine how parental relationship quality (communication frequency, time spent together, and closeness) during early adulthood is related to heavy episodic drinking (HED) during this developmental period and whether effects vary according to age, youth sex, or parent sex. METHODS: National data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics-Transition to Adulthood Study were analyzed. Youth participated in up to four interviews (2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011; n = 1,320-1,489) between ages 18-25 years...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734167/mindfulness-practice-moderates-the-relationship-between-craving-and-substance-use-in-a-clinical-sample
#14
Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen
Relapse following treatment for substance use disorders is highly prevalent, and craving has been shown to be a primary predictor of relapse. Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a psychosocial aftercare program integrating mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral approaches, aimed at reducing the risk and severity of relapse. Results from a recent randomized clinical trial demonstrate enhanced remission resilience for MBRP participants versus both cognitive-behavioral and treatment-as-usual controls...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733799/a-toddler-parenting-intervention-in-primary-care-for-caregivers-with-depression-symptoms
#15
Rhonda C Boyd, Marsha Gerdes, Brooke Rothman, Susan L Dougherty, Russell Localio, James P Guevara
Caregiver depression impacts parenting behaviors and has deleterious effects on child behavior. Evidence-based interventions to address parenting have not been adapted for use with depressed caregivers in pediatric primary care settings. Our study examined the feasibility and explored outcomes of an evidence-based parenting program implemented in primary care and adapted for caregivers with depressive symptoms caring for toddlers. We conducted a randomized controlled trial with a wait-list control. Participants were caregivers who screened positive for depressive symptoms in pediatric settings with a toddler...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732651/maternal-caffeine-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-behavioral-disorders-in-11-year-old-offspring-a-danish-national-birth-cohort-study
#16
Susanne Hvolgaard Mikkelsen, Carsten Obel, Jørn Olsen, Janni Niclasen, Bodil Hammer Bech
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal caffeine consumption from coffee and tea during pregnancy and offspring behavioral disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 47 491 children enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort between 1996 and 2002. Data on maternal coffee and tea consumption was collected at 15 and 30 weeks of gestation. When the child was 11 years old, the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire was filled in by children, parents, and teachers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732540/rubella-sero-prevalence-among-children-in-kilimanjaro-region-a-community-based-study-prior-to-the-introduction-of-rubella-vaccine-in-tanzania
#17
Nikolas A S Chotta, Melina Mgongo, Jacqueline G Uriyo, Sia E Msuya, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Arne Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Childhood rubella infection is a mild, self-limiting illness. Rubella infection among pregnant women however, is a major public health concern. Depending on gestation age, it may result in fetal death, stillbirth or a new-born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Maternal antibodies protect young infants from rubella infection and lifelong immunity is acquired by vaccination or post-rubella infection. This study aims at characterizing rubella infection and its epidemiology in the Kilimanjaro region, prior to the introduction of the rubella vaccine in Tanzania...
July 21, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732383/radiation-alters-pd-l1-nkg2d-ligand-levels-in-lung-cancer-cells-and-leads-to-immune-escape-from-nk-cell-cytotoxicity-via-il-6-mek-erk-signaling-pathway
#18
Ming Jing Shen, Li Jun Xu, Li Yang, Ying Tsai, Peter C Keng, Yongbing Chen, Soo Ok Lee, Yuhchyau Chen
We investigated whether radiation influences the susceptibility of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells to NK cell mediated cytotoxicity. We found radiation treatment increased expression of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), but decreased NK group 2, member D (NKG2D) ligand expressions in A549 and H157 NSCLC cells. Both types of changes would have protected tumor cells from the cytotoxic action of NK cells. Consistently, we detected similar alteration in these molecules in radioresistant A549R26-1 and H157R24-1 subline cells...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731883/the-effects-on-children-s-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-of-a-psychoeducational-program-for-families-living-with-parental-cancer-and-their-network-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#19
May Aasebø Hauken, Mariana Pereira, Mette Senneseth
BACKGROUND: Families living with parental cancer report lack of social support. The Cancer PEPSONE Program (CPP) was developed to bridge the gap between the families and their network. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to study the effect of the CPP on children's anxiety and quality of life (QOL) and examine the association between the CPP's effect on their well parents' received social support, QOL, and psychological distress and the children's anxiety and QOL...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730464/genome-wide-association-mapping-of-canopy-wilting-in-diverse-soybean-genotypes
#20
Avjinder S Kaler, Jeffery D Ray, William T Schapaugh, C Andy King, Larry C Purcell
Genome-wide association analysis identified 61 SNP markers for canopy wilting, which likely tagged 51 different loci. Based on the allelic effects of the significant SNPs, the slowest and fastest wilting genotypes were identified. Drought stress is a major global constraint for crop production, and slow canopy wilting is a promising trait for improving drought tolerance. The objective of this study was to identify genetic loci associated with canopy wilting and to confirm those loci with previously reported canopy wilting QTLs...
July 20, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
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