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Poly iclc

M E Rodríguez-Ruiz, J L Perez-Gracia, I Rodríguez, C Alfaro, C Oñate, G Pérez, I Gil-Bazo, A Benito, S Inogés, A López-Diaz de Cerio, M Ponz-Sarvise, L Resano, P Berraondo, B Barbés, S Martin-Algarra, A Gúrpide, M F Sanmamed, C de Andrea, A M Salazar, I Melero
BACKGROUND: Combination immunotherapy has the potential to achieve additive or synergistic effects. Combined local injections of dsRNA analogues (mimicking viral RNA) and repeated vaccinations with tumor-lysate loaded dendritic cells shows efficacy against colon cancer mouse models. In the context of immunotherapy, radiotherapy can exert beneficial abscopal effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this two-cohort pilot phase I study, 15 advanced cancer patients received two 4-week cycles of four intradermal daily doses of monocyte-derived dendritic cells preloaded with autologous tumor lysate and matured for 24h with poly-ICLC (Hiltonol), TNF-α and IFN-α...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Hongtao Liu, Yuanyuan Zha, Noura Choudhury, Gregory Malnassy, Noreen Fulton, Margaret Green, Jae-Hyun Park, Yusuke Nakamura, Richard A Larson, Andres M Salazar, Olatoyosi Odenike, Thomas F Gajewski, Wendy Stock
Background: The optimal strategy for vaccination to induce CD8+ T cell responses against WT1 is not known. Methods: A pilot randomized study in HLA-A02+ patients to receive vaccination with WT1 in Montanide or in poly ICLC, a TLR3 agonist, to explore the novel immune adjuvant was conducted. Seven patients were randomized. Four patients received WT1 in Montanide, and three with WT1 in poly ICLC. Five patients were in morphologic remission and two had residual morphologic disease at the study entry...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
Patrick M Dillon, Gina R Petroni, Mark E Smolkin, David R Brenin, Kimberly A Chianese-Bullock, Kelly T Smith, Walter C Olson, Ibrahim S Fanous, Carmel J Nail, Christiana M Brenin, Emily H Hall, Craig L Slingluff
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer remains a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. There is evidence that immunotherapy may play a role in the eradication of residual disease. Peptide vaccines for immunotherapy are capable of durable immune memory, but vaccines alone have shown sparse clinical activity against breast cancer to date. Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists and helper peptides are excellent adjuvants for vaccine immunotherapy and they are examined in this human clinical trial. METHODS: A vaccine consisting of 9 MHC class I-restricted breast cancer-associated peptides (from MAGE-A1, -A3, and -A10, CEA, NY-ESO-1, and HER2 proteins) was combined with a TLR3 agonist, poly-ICLC, along with a helper peptide derived from tetanus toxoid...
November 21, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Elizabeth A Griffiths, Pragya Srivastava, Junko Matsuzaki, Zachary Brumberger, Eunice S Wang, Justin Kocent, Austin Miller, Gregory W Roloff, Hong Yuen Wong, Benjamin E Paluch, Linda G Lutgen-Dunckley, Brandon L Martens, Kunle Odunsi, Adam R Karpf, Christopher S Hourigan, Michael J Nemeth
PURPOSE: Treatment options are limited for patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The azanucleosides, azacitidine and decitabine, are front-line therapy for MDS that induce promoter demethylation and gene expression of the highly immunogenic tumor antigen NY-ESO-1. We demonstrated that AML patients receiving decitabine exhibit induction of NY-ESO-1 expression in circulating blasts. We hypothesized that vaccinating against NY-ESO-1 in MDS patients receiving decitabine would capitalize upon induced NY-ESO-1 expression in malignant myeloid cells to provoke an NY-ESO-1-specific-MDS directed cytotoxic T-cell immune response...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Christopher L Cooper, Karen A Martins, Sabrina M Stronsky, David P Langan, Jesse Steffens, Sean Van Tongeren, Sina Bavari
Humoral responses are essential for the protective efficacy of most Ebola virus (EBOV) candidate vaccines; however, the in vivo development of protective anti-EBOV B-cell responses is poorly defined. Here, by using the virus-like particle (VLP) as a model antigen, we demonstrate that humoral responses are generated through follicular B-cell and T-cell-dependent mechanisms in a mouse model of EBOV infection. In addition, we show that the inclusion of the clinical-grade dsRNA adjuvant known as poly-ICLC in VLP vaccinations both augments and sustains germinal center B-cell reactions, antigen-specific B-cell frequencies and anti-EBOV serum titers...
June 7, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
Shikhar Mehrotra, Carolyn D Britten, Steve Chin, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Colleen A Cloud, Mingli Li, Gina Scurti, Mohamed L Salem, Michelle H Nelson, Melanie B Thomas, Chrystal M Paulos, Andres M Salazar, Michael I Nishimura, Mark P Rubinstein, Zihai Li, David J Cole
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) enhance the quality of anti-tumor immune response in patients with cancer. Thus, we posit that DC-based immunotherapy, in conjunction with toll-like receptor (TLR)-3 agonist poly-ICLC, is a promising approach for harnessing immunity against metastatic or locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer (PC). METHODS: We generated autologous DCs from the peripheral blood of HLA-A2+ patients with PC. DCs were pulsed with three distinct A2-restricted peptides: 1) human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT, TERT572Y), 2) carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA; Cap1-6D), and 3) survivin (SRV...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Tomohira Takeoka, Hirotsugu Nagase, Koji Kurose, Yoshihiro Ohue, Makoto Yamasaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Eiichi Sato, Midori Isobe, Takayuki Kanazawa, Mitsunobu Matsumoto, Kota Iwahori, Atsunari Kawashima, Akiko Morimoto-Okazawa, Hiroyoshi Nishikawa, Mikio Oka, Linda Pan, Ralph Venhaus, Eiichi Nakayama, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki, Hisashi Wada
We conducted a clinical trial of a cancer vaccine using NY-ESO-1 protein with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid-poly-L-lysine carboxymethylcellulose (poly-ICLC) and/or OK-432 against solid tumors. A total of 15 patients were sequentially enrolled in 4 cohorts. Patients in cohort 1 received NY-ESO-1 protein; cohort 2a received NY-ESO-1 protein+OK-432; cohort 2b received NY-ESO-1 protein+poly-ICLC; cohort 3 received NY-ESO-1 protein+OK-432+poly-ICLC with Montanide ISA-51. The endpoints of this trial were safety, NY-ESO-1 immune responses, and clinical response...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
Gerard Zurawski, Xiaoying Shen, Sandra Zurawski, Georgia D Tomaras, David C Montefiori, Mario Roederer, Guido Ferrari, Christine Lacabaratz, Peter Klucar, Zhiqing Wang, Kathryn E Foulds, Shing-Fen Kao, Xuesong Yu, Alicia Sato, Nicole L Yates, Celia LaBranche, Sherry Stanfield-Oakley, Karen Kibler, Bertram Jacobs, Andres Salazar, Steve Self, William Fulp, Raphael Gottardo, Lindsey Galmin, Deborah Weiss, Anthony Cristillo, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Yves Levy
We compared the HIV-1-specific immune responses generated by targeting HIV-1 envelope protein (Env gp140) to either CD40 or LOX-1, two endocytic receptors on dendritic cells (DCs), in rhesus macaques primed with a poxvirus vector (NYVAC-KC) expressing Env gp140. The DC-targeting vaccines, humanized recombinant monoclonal antibodies fused to Env gp140, were administered as a boost with poly-ICLC adjuvant either alone or coadministered with the NYVAC-KC vector. All the DC-targeting vaccine administrations with poly-ICLC increased the low-level serum anti-Env IgG responses elicited by NYVAC-KC priming significantly more (up to a P value of 0...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
Ian F Pollack, Regina I Jakacki, Lisa H Butterfield, Ronald L Hamilton, Ashok Panigrahy, Daniel P Normolle, Angela K Connelly, Sharon Dibridge, Gary Mason, Theresa L Whiteside, Hideho Okada
Recurrent high-grade gliomas (HGGs) of childhood have an exceedingly poor prognosis with current therapies. Accordingly, new treatment approaches are needed. We initiated a pilot trial of vaccinations with peptide epitopes derived from glioma-associated antigens (GAAs) overexpressed in these tumors in HLA-A2+ children with recurrent HGG that had progressed after prior treatments. Peptide epitopes for three GAAs (EphA2, IL13Rα2, survivin), emulsified in Montanide-ISA-51, were administered subcutaneously adjacent to intramuscular injections of poly-ICLC every 3 weeks for 8 courses, followed by booster vaccines every 6 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Krishnamurthy Konduru, Amy C Shurtleff, Steven B Bradfute, Siham Nakamura, Sina Bavari, Gerardo Kaplan
Ebola virus (EBOV), a member of the Filoviridae that can cause severe hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates, poses a significant threat to the public health. Currently, there are no licensed vaccines or therapeutics to prevent and treat EBOV infection. Several vaccines based on the EBOV glycoprotein (GP) are under development, including vectored, virus-like particles, and protein-based subunit vaccines. We previously demonstrated that a subunit vaccine containing the extracellular domain of the Ebola ebolavirus (EBOV) GP fused to the Fc fragment of human IgG1 (EBOVgp-Fc) protected mice against EBOV lethal challenge...
2016: PloS One
Elena Gonzalez-Gugel, Mansi Saxena, Nina Bhardwaj
A recent report from the Center for Disease Control identified melanoma as being among the highest causes of cancer-related mortalities in the USA. While interventions such as checkpoint blockade have made substantial impact in terms of improving response rates and overall survival, a significant number of patients fail to respond to treatment or become resistant to therapy. A better understanding of the tumor microenvironment in these patients becomes imperative for identifying immune suppressive mechanisms that impact the development of effective anti-tumor immune responses...
October 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Bo Liu, Xia Wang, Tai-Zhong Chen, Guang-Liang Li, Chang-Chun Tan, Yong Chen, Shao-Qiang Duan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between activation of toll-like receptors 3 (TLR3) signaling pathway and tumor-associated macrophage and its effect on the tumor growth. METHODS: The mice Lewis lung cancer cell lines 3LL and melanoma B16H10 were used to construct the subcutaneous transplantation tumor models and then they were treated with Poly-ICLC. The curative effect was observed and then the T cell and macrophage phenotypes infiltrated in local tumor were detected by flow cytometry...
May 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Gerard Zurawski, Sandra Zurawski, Anne-Laure Flamar, Laura Richert, Ralf Wagner, Georgia D Tomaras, David C Montefiori, Mario Roederer, Guido Ferrari, Christine Lacabaratz, Henri Bonnabau, Peter Klucar, Zhiqing Wang, Kathryn E Foulds, Shing-Fen Kao, Nicole L Yates, Celia LaBranche, Bertram L Jacobs, Karen Kibler, Benedikt Asbach, Alexander Kliche, Andres Salazar, Steve Reed, Steve Self, Raphael Gottardo, Lindsey Galmin, Deborah Weiss, Anthony Cristillo, Rodolphe Thiebaut, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Yves Levy
Improved antigenicity against HIV-1 envelope (Env) protein is needed to elicit vaccine-induced protective immunity in humans. Here we describe the first tests in non-human primates (NHPs) of Env gp140 protein fused to a humanized anti-LOX-1 recombinant antibody for delivering Env directly to LOX-1-bearing antigen presenting cells, especially dendritic cells (DC). LOX-1, or 1ectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-1, is expressed on various antigen presenting cells and endothelial cells, and is involved in promoting humoral immune responses...
2016: PloS One
Ian F Pollack, Regina I Jakacki, Lisa H Butterfield, Ronald L Hamilton, Ashok Panigrahy, Daniel P Normolle, Angela K Connelly, Sharon Dibridge, Gary Mason, Theresa L Whiteside, Hideho Okada
BACKGROUND: Low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are the most common brain tumors of childhood. Although surgical resection is curative for well-circumscribed superficial lesions, tumors that are infiltrative or arise from deep structures are therapeutically challenging, and new treatment approaches are needed. Having identified a panel of glioma-associated antigens (GAAs) overexpressed in these tumors, we initiated a pilot trial of vaccinations with peptides for GAA epitopes in human leukocyte antigen-A2+ children with recurrent LGG that had progressed after at least 2 prior regimens...
August 2016: Neuro-oncology
Mohamed L Salem, Zeinab I Attia, Sohaila M Galal
Given the self nature of cancer, anti-tumor immune response is weak. As such, acute inflammation induced by microbial products can induce signals that result in initiation of an inflammatory cascade that helps activation of immune cells. We aimed to compare the nature and magnitude of acute inflammation induced by toll-like receptor ligands (TLRLs) on the tumor growth and the associated inflammatory immune responses. To induce acute inflammation in tumor-bearing host, CD1 mice were inoculated with intraperitoneal (i...
March 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
Karen A O Martins, Christopher L Cooper, Sabrina M Stronsky, Sarah L W Norris, Steven A Kwilas, Jesse T Steffens, Jacqueline G Benko, Sean A van Tongeren, Sina Bavari
Protein-based vaccines offer a safer alternative to live-attenuated or inactivated vaccines but have limited immunogenicity. The identification of adjuvants that augment immunogenicity, specifically in a manner that is durable and antigen-specific, is therefore critical for advanced development. In this study, we use the filovirus virus-like particle (VLP) as a model protein-based vaccine in order to evaluate the impact of four candidate vaccine adjuvants on enhancing long term protection from Ebola virus challenge...
January 2016: EBioMedicine
Si-Yeon Jeong, Raok Jeon, Yoon Kyung Choi, Joo Eun Jung, Anna Liang, Changhong Xing, Xiaoying Wang, Eng H Lo, Yun Seon Song
Emerging experimental evidence suggests that activation of Toll like receptor 3 (TLR3) by its agonist polyinosinic polycytidylic acid (poly-ICLC) protects neurons against cerebral ischemia, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In the brain, TLR3 is mostly expressed in glial cells. Therefore, we assess the hypothesis that TLR3 activation in microglia is required for neuroprotection against ischemia. After transient focal cerebral ischemia, microglia/macrophages (MMs) demonstrate a significant reduction in TLR3 and its downstream cytokine Interleukin 6 (IL-6)...
November 25, 2015: Journal of Neurochemistry
Alfonso R Sánchez-Paulete, Francisco J Cueto, María Martínez-López, Sara Labiano, Aizea Morales-Kastresana, María E Rodríguez-Ruiz, Maria Jure-Kunkel, Arantza Azpilikueta, M Angela Aznar, José I Quetglas, David Sancho, Ignacio Melero
UNLABELLED: Weak and ineffective antitumor cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses can be rescued by immunomodulatory mAbs targeting PD-1 or CD137. Using Batf3(-/-) mice, which are defective for cross-presentation of cell-associated antigens, we show that BATF3-dependent dendritic cells (DC) are essential for the response to therapy with anti-CD137 or anti-PD-1 mAbs. Batf3(-/-) mice failed to prime an endogenous CTL-mediated immune response toward tumor-associated antigens, including neoantigens...
January 2016: Cancer Discovery
Victor Ho, Tong Seng Lim, Justin Lee, Jeffrey Steinberg, Radoslaw Szmyd, Muly Tham, Jadegoud Yaligar, Philipp Kaldis, Jean-Pierre Abastado, Valerie Chew
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with high mortality and the current therapy for advanced HCC, Sorafenib, offers limited survival benefits. Here we assessed whether combining the TLR3 agonist: lysine-stabilized polyinosinic-polycytidylic-acid (poly-ICLC) with Sorafenib could enhance tumor control in HCC. Combinatorial therapy with poly-ICLC and Sorafenib increased apoptosis and reduced proliferation of HCC cell lines in vitro, in association with impaired phosphorylation of AKT, MEK and ERK. In vivo, the combinatorial treatment enhanced control of tumor growth in two mouse models: one transplanted with Hepa 1-6 cells, and the other with liver tumors induced using the Sleeping beauty transposon...
September 29, 2015: Oncotarget
Edward Sionov, Katrin D Mayer-Barber, Yun C Chang, Keith D Kauffman, Michael A Eckhaus, Andres M Salazar, Daniel L Barber, Kyung J Kwon-Chung
Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common cause of fungal meningoencephalitis in AIDS patients. Depletion of CD4 cells, such as occurs during advanced AIDS, is known to be a critical risk factor for developing cryptococcosis. However, the role of HIV-induced innate inflammation in susceptibility to cryptococcosis has not been evaluated. Thus, we sought to determine the role of Type I IFN induction in host defense against cryptococci by treatment of C. neoformans (H99) infected mice with poly-ICLC (pICLC), a dsRNA virus mimic...
August 2015: PLoS Pathogens
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