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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458212/programmed-drug-delivery-system-based-on-optimized-size-decrease-and-hydrophilicity-hydrophobicity-transformation-for-enhanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-therapy-of-doxorubicin
#1
Yuanyuan Liu, Lian Li, Lijia Li, Zhou Zhou, Fengling Wang, Xiaofeng Xiong, Rui Zhou, Yuan Huang
Requirements on drug delivery systems to surmount a complex series of pathophysiological barriers bear "cascading contradictions", especially size and hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity contradiction. Herein, a programmed drug delivery system (GNPs-Dox-Lac) based on optimized "size decrease and hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity transformation" was developed by combination the gelatin nanoparticle (GNPs) and prodrug Doxorubicin-Lactose (Dox-Lac). The results showed that GNPs-Dox-Lac (133.3 nm) were kinetically stable in blood circulation and inclined to accumulate at the tumor site...
February 16, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442804/synthesis-of-mesoporous-yolk-shell-magnetic-prussian-blue-particles-for-multi-functional-nanomedicine
#2
Yi-Fei Guo, Qi-Chen Fang, Jun Xu, Fan-Xing Bu, Wei Zhang, Ming Hu, Ji-Sen Jiang
Mesoporous magnetic Prussian Blue (PB) particles are good condidates for theragnostic nanomedicine. However, there are lack of efficient methods for fabrication of such materials. Here, we reported the synthesis of the mesoporous yolk-shell Fe3O4@PB particles by one-pot coordination replication and etching. Time-dependent transmission electron microscopy illustrated that the PB crystals nucleated and grew on the surface of Fe3O4 spheres by coordination replication with the help of protons. The extra protons in the reaction medium further disassociated the Fe3O4 and PB, leading to mesoporous particles...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433278/interactions-and-phase-behaviors-in-mixed-solutions-of-%C3%AE%C2%BA-carrageenan-and-myofibrillar-protein-extracted-from-alaska-pollock-surimi
#3
Tao Zhang, Xiaoqi Xu, Zhaojie Li, Yuming Wang, Yong Xue, Changhu Xue
In the present work, we provide insight into electrostatic interactions and phase behaviors in mixtures of myofibrillar protein (MP) and κ-carrageenan (KC) of various pHs (8.0-3.0) and biopolymer weight ratios [R, from 1:1 to 20:1; total concentration=0.05% (w/w)] through turbidimetric analysis, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential analysis, and optical microscopy. At R=1: 1, critical pH values (i.e., pHc, pHΦ1, and pHΦ2), which indicate phase transitions interrelated to the formation of soluble or insoluble MP-KC complexes, were observed at pH7...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395138/effect-of-ph-on-dissociation-of-casein-micelles-in-yak-skim-milk
#4
M Yang, G D Zhang, J T Yang, D Sun, P C Wen, W B Zhang
The dissociation of yak casein (CN) micelles was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, particle size, fluorescence properties, and soluble mineral and CN molecule content at pH 4.6 to 8.2. The results showed that the size of CN micelles remained constant with decreasing pH from 8.2 to 5.8 but sharply increased at pH ≤5.4. Casein micelles began to aggregate at pH 5.4, and the serum magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc, copper, and manganese levels had their minimum values at this pH level. During acidification, colloidal calcium phosphate dramatically disassociated from yak CN micelles, but the soluble CN monomer content decreased slightly...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381886/tubulins-in-c-elegans
#5
Daryl D Hurd
The C.elegans tubulin family is composed of nine α-tubulins, six β-tubulins, and one γ- tubulin. Tubulins are highly conserved, functioning as α-β heterodimers that assemble into microtubules. These cylindrical and ubiquitous components of the cytoskeleton are critical for nearly all cellular and developmental processes. C. elegans has provided a model for the study of microtubules in multiple settings including separation of chromosomes, cellular polarity, and neuronal sensation. Tubulins and microtubules interact with a long list of other cellular proteins that regulate tubulin homeostasis, modify microtubule dynamics, and control incorporation into or disassociation of higher-order cellular structures such as spindles or ciliary axonemes...
January 30, 2018: WormBook: the Online Review of C. Elegans Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353923/a-model-for-evolutionary-ecology-of-disease-the-case-for-caenorhabditis-nematodes-and-their-natural-parasites
#6
Amanda K Gibson, Levi T Morran
Many of the outstanding questions in disease ecology and evolution call for combining observation of natural host-parasite populations with experimental dissection of interactions in the field and the laboratory. The "rewilding" of model systems holds great promise for this endeavor. Here, we highlight the potential for development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and its close relatives as a model for the study of disease ecology and evolution. This powerful laboratory model was disassociated from its natural habitat in the 1960s...
December 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325213/a-new-colorimetric-platform-for-protein-detection-based-on-recognition-induced-cascade-of-polymeric-nanoparticles-disassembly
#7
Fang Fang, Jin Liu, Yushu Li, Junjiao Yang, Jing Yang
Despite great progress, it is still of high interest to explore new homogeneous assays for simple, visual, and selective protein detection. Herein, one new colorimetric sensor has been developed for visual detection of protein by using polymeric micelles as a sensing scaffold and the molecular recognition between protein and the ligand on the surface of the polymeric micelles as the driving force to trigger the readout of the detection signal. The polymeric micelles formed via the self-assembly of the amphiphilic block polymer biotin-labeled poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(3-acryl aminophenylboronic acid) are endowed with colorful feature by incorporation of alizarin red S (ARS) into the hydrophobic core...
January 11, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285281/activation-of-nrf2-by-mind4-17-protects-osteoblasts-from-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-stress
#8
Shiguang Guo, Hao-Dong Fei, Feng Ji, Feng-Li Chen, Yue Xie, Shou-Guo Wang
MIND4-17 is a recently developed NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activator, which uniquely causes Nrf2 disassociation from Keap1. Here, we showed that pretreatment with MIND4-17 significantly inhibited hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced viability reduction of primary osteoblasts and OB-6 osteoblastic cells. Meanwhile, MIND4-17 inhibited both apoptotic and non-apoptotic osteoblast cell death by H2O2. MIND4-17 treatment induced Keap1-Nrf2 disassociation, causing Nrf2 stabilization, accumulation and nuclear translocation in osteoblasts, leading to transcription of several Nrf2-dependent genes, including heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase modifier subunit (GCLM) and catalytic subunit (GCLC)...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281729/histone-demethylase-lsd1-restricts-influenza-a-virus-infection-by-erasing-ifitm3-k88-monomethylation
#9
Jiaoyu Shan, Binbin Zhao, Zhao Shan, Jia Nie, Rong Deng, Rui Xiong, Andy Tsun, Weiqi Pan, Hanzhi Zhao, Ling Chen, Ying Jin, Zhikang Qian, Kawing Lui, Rui Liang, Dan Li, Bing Sun, Dimitri Lavillette, Ke Xu, Bin Li
The histone demethylase LSD1 has been known as a key transcriptional coactivator for DNA viruses such as herpes virus. Inhibition of LSD1 was found to block viral genome transcription and lytic replication of DNA viruses. However, RNA virus genomes do not rely on chromatin structure and histone association, and the role of demethylase activity of LSD1 in RNA virus infections is not anticipated. Here, we identify that, contrary to its role in enhancing DNA virus replication, LSD1 limits RNA virus replication by demethylating and activating IFITM3 which is a host restriction factor for many RNA viruses...
December 27, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242538/nuclear-rnf2-inhibits-interferon-function-by-promoting-k33-linked-stat1-disassociation-from-dna
#10
Shuo Liu, Minghong Jiang, Wendie Wang, Wei Liu, Xiaoqi Song, Zhongfei Ma, Shikun Zhang, Lun Liu, Yin Liu, Xuetao Cao
Prolonged activation of interferon-STAT1 signaling is closely related to inflammatory autoimmune disorders, and therefore the identification of negative regulators of these pathways is important. Through high-content screening of 115 mouse RING-domain E3 ligases, we identified the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF2 as a potent inhibitor of interferon-dependent antiviral responses. RNF2 deficiency substantially enhanced interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) expression and antiviral responses. Mechanistically, nuclear RNF2 directly bound to STAT1 after interferon stimulation and increased K33-linked polyubiquitination of the DNA-binding domain of STAT1 at position K379, in addition to promoting the disassociation of STAT1/STAT2 from DNA and consequently suppressing ISG transcription...
January 2018: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233021/amitriptyline-modulated-ca2-signaling-and-induced-ca2-independent-cell-viability-in-human-osteosarcoma-cells
#11
T Lu, C-T Chou, W-Z Liang, C-C Kuo, I-L Chen, J-L Wang, C-R Jan
Amitriptyline is a widely used tricyclic antidepressant, which acts primarily as a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. This study examined the effect of amitriptyline on Ca2+ homeostasis and its related mechanism in MG63 human osteosarcoma cells. Amitriptyline evoked cytosolic-free Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) rises concentration dependently. Amitriptyline-evoked Ca2+ entry was confirmed by Mn2+-induced quench of fura-2 fluorescence. This entry was inhibited by Ca2+ entry modulators nifedipine, econazole, SKF96365, the protein kinase C (PKC) activator phorbol 12-myristate 13 acetate but was not affected by the PKC inhibitor GF109203X...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232146/switchable-photoacoustic-intensity-of-methylene-blue-via-sodium-dodecyl-sulfate-micellization
#12
Junxin Wang, Ching-Yu Lin, Colman Moore, Anamik Jhunjhunwala, Jesse V Jokerst
The interaction between methylene blue (MB) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been widely studied spectroscopically, but details about their interactions are limited. Here, we combined photoacoustic (PA) imaging with nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) and spectroscopy to further elucidate this interaction. PA imaging of 0.05 mM MB showed a 492-fold increase in intensity upon addition of 3.47 mM SDS. Higher concentrations above SDS's critical micelle concentration (CMC) at 8.67 mM decreased the PA intensity by 54-fold...
December 12, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188176/nano-sized-indocyanine-green-j-aggregate-as-a-one-component-theranostic-agent
#13
Renfa Liu, Jie Tang, Yunxue Xu, Yiming Zhou, Zhifei Dai
The development of biocompatiable efficient photothermal coupling agent (PCA) for image-guided photothermal therapy of cancer has gained increasing interests in recent years. Although various PCAs have been developed, the clinical translations of these materials have been largely hindered by the potential biosafety issues and challenges of scaling-up manufactures. In this research, we proposed nano-sized indocyanine green (ICG) J-aggregate (IJA) as a promising PCA which is fabricated by a very facile method using clinical-approved ICG as the only excipient...
2017: Nanotheranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183342/the-ph-stability-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus
#14
REVIEW
Hong Yuan, Pinghua Li, Xueqing Ma, Zengjun Lu, Pu Sun, Xingwen Bai, Jing Zhang, Huifang Bao, Yimei Cao, Dong Li, Yuanfang Fu, Yingli Chen, Qifeng Bai, Jie Zhang, Zaixin Liu
ᅟ: This review summarized the molecular determinants of the acid stability of FMDV in order to explore the uncoating mechanism of FMDV and improve the acid stability of vaccines. BACKGROUND: The foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) capsid is highly acid labile and tends to dissociate into pentameric subunits at acidic condition to release viral RNA for initiating virus replication. However, the acid stability of virus capsid is greatly required for the maintenance of intact virion during the process of virus culture and vaccine production...
November 28, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163044/partial-aminoglycoside-lesions-in-vestibular-epithelia-reveal-broad-sensory-dysfunction-associated-with-modest-hair-cell-loss-and-afferent-calyx-retraction
#15
David R Sultemeier, Larry F Hoffman
Although the effects of aminoglycoside antibiotics on hair cells have been investigated for decades, their influences on the dendrites of primary afferent neurons have not been widely studied. This is undoubtedly due to the difficulty in disassociating pathology to dendritic processes from that resulting from loss of the presynaptic hair cell. This was overcome in the present investigation through development of a preparation using Chinchilla laniger that enabled direct perilymphatic infusion. Through this strategy we unmasked gentamicin's potential effects on afferent calyces...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112302/tmd1-domain-and-crac-motif-determine-the-association-and-disassociation-of-mxirt1-with-detergent-resistant-membranes
#16
Song Tan, Peng Zhang, Wei Xiao, Bing Feng, Lan-You Chen, Shuang Li, Peng Li, Wei-Zhong Zhao, Xiao-Ting Qi, Li-Ping Yin
Iron is essential for most living organisms. The iron-regulated transporter1 (IRT1) plays a major role in iron uptake in roots, and its trafficking from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to plasma membrane (PM) is tightly coordinated with changes in iron environment. However, studies on IRT1 response are limited. Here, we report that Malus xiaojinesis IRT1 (MxIRT1) associates with detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs, a biochemical counterpart of PM microdomains), whereas the PM microdomains are known platforms for signal transduction in the PM...
November 7, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111371/pharmacodynamics-in-alzheimer-s-disease-model-rats-of-a-bifunctional-peptide-with-the-potential-to-accelerate-the-degradation-and-reduce-the-toxicity-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-cu-fibrils
#17
Dan Wang, Qian Zhang, Xiaoyu Hu, Wei Wang, Xushan Zhu, Zhi Yuan
The accumulation of the extracellular β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregates with metal ions in conjunction with reactive oxygen species (ROS) is closely related to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Accounting on Cu ions chelating of our previously designed bifunctional peptide GGHRYYAAFFARR (GR) as well as Aβ-Cu fibrils (fAβ-Cu) dissociation potentials, we report herein an efficient route to synthetically minimize ROS toxicity and degrade fAβ-Cu. It is worth mentioning that GR combines the metal chelating agent GGH and β-sheet breaker RYYAAFFARR (RR)...
October 27, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108762/alveolar-microlithiasis-and-its-distinctive-clinical-and-radiological-disassociation
#18
Laura Cuesta Lujano, Álvaro Gutiérrez Domingo, Luis Fernández Ollero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097744/alleviative-effects-of-fluoxetine-on-depressive-like-behaviors-by-epigenetic-regulation-of-bdnf-gene-transcription-in-mouse-model-of-post-stroke-depression
#19
Hui-Juan Jin, Lei Pei, Ya-Nan Li, Hui Zheng, Shuai Yang, Yan Wan, Ling Mao, Yuan-Peng Xia, Quan-Wei He, Man Li, Zhen-Yu Yue, Bo Hu
Fluoxetine, one of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, has been thought to be effective for treating post-stroke depression (PSD). Recent work has shown that fluoxetine may exert an antidepressive effect through increasing the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), but the underlying mechanism still remains unclear. In the present study, we successfully established the PSD model using male C57BL/6 J mice by photothrombosis of the left anterior cortex combined with isolatied-housing conditions...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091765/low-grade-astrocytoma-mutations-in-idh1-p53-and-atrx-cooperate-to-block-differentiation-of-human-neural-stem-cells-via-repression-of-sox2
#20
Aram S Modrek, Danielle Golub, Themasap Khan, Devin Bready, Jod Prado, Christopher Bowman, Jingjing Deng, Guoan Zhang, Pedro P Rocha, Ramya Raviram, Charalampos Lazaris, James M Stafford, Gary LeRoy, Michael Kader, Joravar Dhaliwal, N Sumru Bayin, Joshua D Frenster, Jonathan Serrano, Luis Chiriboga, Rabaa Baitalmal, Gouri Nanjangud, Andrew S Chi, John G Golfinos, Jing Wang, Matthias A Karajannis, Richard A Bonneau, Danny Reinberg, Aristotelis Tsirigos, David Zagzag, Matija Snuderl, Jane A Skok, Thomas A Neubert, Dimitris G Placantonakis
Low-grade astrocytomas (LGAs) carry neomorphic mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) concurrently with P53 and ATRX loss. To model LGA formation, we introduced R132H IDH1, P53 shRNA, and ATRX shRNA into human neural stem cells (NSCs). These oncogenic hits blocked NSC differentiation, increased invasiveness in vivo, and led to a DNA methylation and transcriptional profile resembling IDH1 mutant human LGAs. The differentiation block was caused by transcriptional silencing of the transcription factor SOX2 secondary to disassociation of its promoter from a putative enhancer...
October 31, 2017: Cell Reports
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