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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546827/-complex-trauma-related-disorders-in-research-and-practice
#1
Franka Metzner, Stephanie Pahlke, Alice Diesing, Nina Marin, Fionna Klasen, Silke Pawils, Michael Schulte-Markwort, Hertha Richter-Appelt
Complex Trauma-related Disorders in Research and Practice Frequent traumata in childhood and adolescence are long-term or repeated interpersonal traumata caused by perpetrators in the close environment of the minors. For the description of the extensive symptoms after interpersonal Type II traumata, the complex trauma-related disorders Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) or Disorder of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified (DESNOS) and the Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD) are being discussed for inclusion in the classification systems for mental disorders...
March 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514567/design-and-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-a-self-questionnaire-on-patient-adherence-to-wearing-elastic-compression-stockings
#2
François-André Allaert, Didier Rastel, Anne Graissaguel, Delphine Sion, Claudine Hamel-Desnos
Background Patients' adherence to elastic compression stockings is difficult to evaluate, and therefore we create a short self-questionnaire and validate its psychometric properties. Methods We reduce the questions with Varimed rotation analysis, evaluate its internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha test and its external validity by comparison to electronic thermic captors. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine a threshold and determine its sensitivity and specificity. Results The initial questionnaire was reduced from 22 to 5 questions rated from 0 to 4...
January 1, 2018: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410773/affect-dysregulation-psychoform-dissociation-and-adult-relational-fears-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-independent-of-the-symptoms-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Annemiek van Dijke, Juliette A B Hopman, Julian D Ford
Objective: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) as defined by the Disorders of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified (DESNOS) formulation is associated with childhood relational trauma and involves relational impairment, affect dysregulation, and identity alterations. However, the distinct contributions of relational impairment (operationalized in the form fears of closeness or abandonment), affect dysregulation (operationalized in the form of overregulation and under-regulation of affect), and identity alterations (operationalized in the form of positive or negative psychoform or somatoform dissociation) to the relationship between childhood trauma and CPTSD/DESNOS have not been systematically tested...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389360/transplantation-of-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-cardiovascular-progenitors-for-severe-ischemic-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#4
Philippe Menasché, Valérie Vanneaux, Albert Hagège, Alain Bel, Bernard Cholley, Alexandre Parouchev, Isabelle Cacciapuoti, Reem Al-Daccak, Nadine Benhamouda, Hélène Blons, Onnik Agbulut, Lucie Tosca, Jean-Hugues Trouvin, Jean-Roch Fabreguettes, Valérie Bellamy, Dominique Charron, Eric Tartour, Gérard Tachdjian, Michel Desnos, Jérôme Larghero
BACKGROUND: In addition to scalability, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the unique advantage of allowing their directed differentiation toward lineage-specific cells. OBJECTIVES: This study tested the feasibility of leveraging the properties of hESCs to generate clinical-grade cardiovascular progenitor cells and assessed their safety in patients with severe ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Six patients (median age 66...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201286/ideal-parent-figure-method-in-the-treatment-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-childhood-trauma-a-pilot-study
#5
Federico Parra, Carol George, Khalid Kalalou, Dominique Januel
Background : There is a consensus within the trauma field for the necessity of a three-phase treatment programme for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). This pilot study focuses on the stabilisation phase, the goal of which is the development of psychological resources and the reduction of disabling symptoms. Objective : To test the efficacy of the Ideal Parent Figure (IPF) method as a stabilization treatment for CPTSD patients with a history of childhood trauma. Method : The sample was comprised of 17 adults with a history of childhood trauma concomitant with CPTSD symptoms consulting at a clinic in France...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153216/-therapeutic-education-for-patients-with-heart-failure-a-performance-factor
#6
Patrick Jourdain, Yves Juillière, Michel Desnos
Heart failure is a little-known disease which is both frequent and serious. It is particularly concerned by therapeutic education as it is linked to a high level of avoidable hospitalisations and requires daily monitoring of simple clinical parameters. It also imposes a change of lifestyle on the patient.
November 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147867/population-structure-of-candida-parapsilosis-no-genetic-difference-between-french-and-uruguayan-isolates-using-microsatellite-length-polymorphism
#7
Marie Desnos-Ollivier, Victoria Bórmida, Philippe Poirier, Céline Nourrisson, Dinorah Pan, Stéphane Bretagne, Andrès Puime, Françoise Dromer
Candida parapsilosis is a human commensal yeast, frequently involved in infection worldwide and especially in neonates. It is the second species responsible for bloodstream infections in Uruguay and the third species in France. We were interested in knowing whether the population structure of isolates responsible for candidemia in France and in Uruguay was different. Genotyping methods based on microsatellite length polymorphism (MLP) have been described and are especially used for investigation of local outbreaks...
November 16, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936787/multifocal-tuberculosis-revealed-by-spinal-tuberculosis-in-an-eleven-year-old-guianese-child
#8
L Desnos, R Kom-Tchameni, H Razafindrakoto, I Fryder, M Janoyer, N Elenga
Multifocal tuberculosis in a child is rare event. Here we report a case of multifocal tuberculosis revealed by spinal tuberculosis in an eleven-year-old French Guianese girl. This observation underlines the difficulties, the consequences of delay, and the necessity of an early diagnosis of this disease for children.
October 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918829/awareness-of-individual-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-self-perception-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-women
#9
Jean-Jacques Monsuez, Tai Pham, Nicole Karam, Laurence Amar, Corinne Chicheportiche-Ayache, Philippe Menasché, Michel Desnos, Paul Dardel, Isabelle Weill
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) self-perception by women may be inaccurate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was completed anonymously Online by women who self-reported their personal CVRF levels including age, weight, contraceptive use, menopausal status, smoking, diet and physical activities. Self-perceived risk was matched to actual cardiovascular risk according to the Framingham score. RESULTS: Among 5,240 young and middle-aged women with a high educational level, knowledge of personal CVRFs increased with age, from 51-90% for blood pressure (BP), 22-45% for blood glucose and 15-47% for blood cholesterol levels, between 30 and 65 years, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892309/fundamental-niche-prediction-of-the-pathogenic-yeasts-cryptococcus-neoformans-and-cryptococcus-gattii-in-europe
#10
Massimo Cogliati, Erika Puccianti, Maria T Montagna, Antonella De Donno, Serdar Susever, Cagri Ergin, Aristea Velegraki, Mohamed S Ellabib, Simona Nardoni, Cristina Macci, Laura Trovato, Ludovico Dipineto, Volker Rickerts, Sevim Akcaglar, Emilija Mlinaric-Missoni, Sebastien Bertout, Ana C F Vencà, Ana C Sampaio, Giuseppe Criseo, Stéphane Ranque, Nilgün Çerikçioğlu, Anna Marchese, Luigi Vezzulli, Macit Ilkit, Marie Desnos-Ollivier, Vincenzo Pasquale, Itzhack Polacheck, Antonio Scopa, Wieland Meyer, Kennio Ferreira-Paim, Ferry Hagen, Teun Boekhout, Françoise Dromer, Ashok Varma, Kyung J Kwon-Chung, Joäo Inácio, Maria F Colom
Fundamental niche prediction of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii in Europe is an important tool to understand where these pathogenic yeasts have a high probability to survive in the environment and therefore to identify the areas with high risk of infection. In this study, occurrence data for C. neoformans and C. gattii were compared by MaxEnt software with several bioclimatic conditions as well as with soil characteristics and land use. The results showed that C. gattii distribution can be predicted with high probability along the Mediterranean coast...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863350/ice-nucleating-agents-allow-embryo-freezing-without-manual-seeding
#11
Magda Teixeira, Samuel Buff, Hugo Desnos, Céline Loiseau, Pierre Bruyère, Thierry Joly, Loris Commin
Embryo slow freezing protocols include a nucleation induction step called manual seeding. This step is time consuming, manipulator dependent and hard to standardize. It requires access to samples, which is not always possible within the configuration of systems, such as differential scanning calorimeters or cryomicroscopes. Ice nucleation can be induced by other methods, e.g., by the use of ice nucleating agents. Snomax is a commercial preparation of inactivated proteins extracted from Pseudomonas syringae...
August 18, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809922/increased-signaling-by-the-autism-related-engrailed-2-protein-enhances-dendritic-branching-and-spine-density-alters-synaptic-structural-matching-and-exaggerates-protein-synthesis
#12
Asma Soltani, Solène Lebrun, Gilles Carpentier, Giulia Zunino, Sandrine Chantepie, Auriane Maïza, Yuri Bozzi, Claire Desnos, François Darchen, Olivier Stettler
Engrailed 1 (En1) and 2 (En2) code for closely related homeoproteins acting as transcription factors and as signaling molecules that contribute to midbrain and hindbrain patterning, to development and maintenance of monoaminergic pathways, and to retinotectal wiring. En2 has been suggested to be an autism susceptibility gene and individuals with autism display an overexpression of this homeogene but the mechanisms remain unclear. We addressed in the present study the effect of exogenously added En2 on the morphology of hippocampal cells that normally express only low levels of Engrailed proteins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803020/a-missense-mutation-in-pfas-phosphoribosylformylglycinamidine-synthase-is-likely-causal-for-embryonic-lethality-associated-with-the-mh1-haplotype-in-montb%C3%A3-liarde-dairy-cattle
#13
Pauline Michot, Sébastien Fritz, Anne Barbat, Mekki Boussaha, Marie-Christine Deloche, Cécile Grohs, Chris Hoze, Laurène Le Berre, Daniel Le Bourhis, Olivier Desnoes, Pascal Salvetti, Laurent Schibler, Didier Boichard, Aurélien Capitan
A candidate mutation in the sex hormone binding globulin gene was proposed in 2013 to be responsible for the MH1 recessive embryonic lethal locus segregating in the Montbéliarde breed. In this follow-up study, we excluded this candidate variant because healthy homozygous carriers were observed in large-scale genotyping data generated in the framework of the genomic selection program. We fine mapped the MH1 locus in a 702-kb interval and analyzed genome sequence data from the 1,000 bull genomes project and 54 Montbéliarde bulls (including 14 carriers and 40 noncarriers)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758675/meeting-after-meeting-20-years-of-discoveries-by-the-members-of-the-exocytosis-endocytosis-club
#14
REVIEW
Florence Niedergang, Stéphane Gasman, Nicolas Vitale, Claire Desnos, Christophe Lamaze
Twenty years ago, a group of French cell biologists merged two scientific clubs with the aim of bringing together researchers in the fields of Endocytosis and Exocytosis. Founded in 1997, the first annual meeting of the Exocytosis Club was held in 1998. The Endocytosis Club held quarterly meetings from its founding in 1999. The first joint annual meeting of the Exocytosis-Endocytosis Club took place in Paris in April, 2001. What started as a modest gathering of enthusiastic scientists working in the field of cell trafficking has gone from strength to strength, rapidly becoming an unmissable yearly meeting, vividly demonstrating the high quality of science performed in our community and beyond...
September 2017: Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705464/diversity-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-across-europe-a-multicentre-observational-study
#15
Alexandre Alanio, Maud Gits-Muselli, Nicolas Guigue, Marie Desnos-Ollivier, Enrique J Calderon, David Di Cave, Damien Dupont, Axel Hamprecht, Philippe M Hauser, Jannik Helweg-Larsen, Marta Kicia, Katrien Lagrou, Martina Lengerova, Olga Matos, Willem J G Melchers, Florent Morio, Gilles Nevez, Anne Totet, Lewis P White, Stéphane Bretagne
Pneumocystis jirovecii is an airborne human-specific ascomycetous fungus responsible for Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients, affecting >500,000 patients per year (www.gaffi.org). The understanding of its epidemiology is limited by the lack of standardised culture. Recent genotyping data suggests a limited genetic diversity of P. jirovecii. The objective of the study was to assess the diversity of P. jirovecii across European hospitals and analyse P. jirovecii diversity in respect to clinical data obtained from the patients...
August 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504266/low-phosphate-activates-stop1-almt1-to-rapidly-inhibit-root-cell-elongation
#16
Coline Balzergue, Thibault Dartevelle, Christian Godon, Edith Laugier, Claudia Meisrimler, Jean-Marie Teulon, Audrey Creff, Marie Bissler, Corinne Brouchoud, Agnès Hagège, Jens Müller, Serge Chiarenza, Hélène Javot, Noëlle Becuwe-Linka, Pascale David, Benjamin Péret, Etienne Delannoy, Marie-Christine Thibaud, Jean Armengaud, Steffen Abel, Jean-Luc Pellequer, Laurent Nussaume, Thierry Desnos
Environmental cues profoundly modulate cell proliferation and cell elongation to inform and direct plant growth and development. External phosphate (Pi) limitation inhibits primary root growth in many plant species. However, the underlying Pi sensory mechanisms are unknown. Here we genetically uncouple two Pi sensing pathways in the root apex of Arabidopsis thaliana. First, the rapid inhibition of cell elongation in the transition zone is controlled by transcription factor STOP1, by its direct target, ALMT1, encoding a malate channel, and by ferroxidase LPR1, which together mediate Fe and peroxidase-dependent cell wall stiffening...
May 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490578/investigating-clinical-issues-by-genotyping-of-medically-important-fungi-why-and-how
#17
REVIEW
Alexandre Alanio, Marie Desnos-Ollivier, Dea Garcia-Hermoso, Stéphane Bretagne
Genotyping studies of medically important fungi have addressed elucidation of outbreaks, nosocomial transmissions, infection routes, and genotype-phenotype correlations, of which secondary resistance has been most intensively investigated. Two methods have emerged because of their high discriminatory power and reproducibility: multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and microsatellite length polymorphism (MLP) using short tandem repeat (STR) markers. MLST relies on single-nucleotide polymorphisms within the coding regions of housekeeping genes...
July 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489343/rearranged-biosynthetic-gene-cluster-and-synthesis-of-hassallidin-e-in-planktothrix-serta-pcc-8927
#18
Claire Pancrace, Jouni Jokela, Nathalie Sassoon, Christelle Ganneau, Marie Desnos-Ollivier, Matti Wahlsten, Anu Humisto, Alexandra Calteau, Sylvie Bay, David P Fewer, Kaarina Sivonen, Muriel Gugger
Cyanobacteria produce a wide range of natural products with antifungal bioactivity. The cyclic glycosylated lipopeptides of the hassallidin family have potent antifungal activity and display a great degree of chemical diversity. Here, we report the discovery of a hassallidin biosynthetic gene cluster from the filamentous cyanobacterium Planktothrix serta PCC 8927. The hassallidin gene cluster showed heavy rearrangement and marks of genomic plasticity. Nucleotide bias, differences in GC content, and phylogenetic incongruence suggested the acquisition of the hassallidin biosynthetic gene cluster in Planktothrix serta PCC 8927 by horizontal gene transfer...
May 17, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431061/high-prevalence-of-arrhythmic-and-myocardial-complications-in-patients-with-cardiac-glycogenosis-due-to-prkag2-mutations
#19
Julien Thevenon, Gabriel Laurent, Flavie Ader, Pascal Laforêt, Didier Klug, Anju Duva Pentiah, Laurent Gouya, Claude Alain Maurage, Salem Kacet, Jean-Christophe Eicher, Juliette Albuisson, Michel Desnos, Eric Bieth, Denis Duboc, Laurent Martin, Patricia Réant, François Picard, Claire Bonithon-Kopp, Elodie Gautier, Christine Binquet, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Laurence Faivre, Patrice Bouvagnet, Philippe Charron, Pascale Richard
Aims: Mutations in PRKAG2, the gene encoding for the γ2 subunit of 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), are responsible for an autosomal dominant glycogenosis with a cardiac presentation, associating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), ventricular pre-excitation (VPE), and progressive heart block. The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective time-to-event study of the clinical manifestations associated with PRKAG2 mutations. Methods and Results: A cohort of 34 patients from 9 families was recruited between 2001 and 2010...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333259/predisposing-factors-and-outcome-of-uncommon-yeast-species-related-fungaemia-based-on-an-exhaustive-surveillance-programme-2002-14
#20
Stéphane Bretagne, Charlotte Renaudat, Marie Desnos-Ollivier, Karine Sitbon, Olivier Lortholary, Françoise Dromer
Objectives: Using registry data to compare fungaemia caused by uncommon yeast species (UYS; i.e. other than Candida albicans , Candida glabrata , Candida parapsilosis , Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei ) and C. albicans -related fungaemia can reveal specific predisposing factors of UYS with potential impact on treatment strategies. Methods: We analysed 338 episodes of UYS fungaemia prospectively collected from 27 hospitals (Paris, France; 1 October 2002-31 December 2014) and compared these with 1998 single episodes of C...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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