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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644780/avoiding-racial-essentialism-in-medical-science-curricula
#1
Lundy Braun, Barry Saunders
A wave of medical student activism is shining a spotlight on medical educators' sometimes maladroit handling of racial categories in teaching about health disparities. Coinciding with recent critiques, primarily by social scientists, regarding the imprecise and inappropriate use of race as a biological or epidemiological risk factor in genetics research, medical student activism has triggered new collaborations among students, faculty, and administrators to rethink how race is addressed in the medical curriculum...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#2
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642002/development-of-geriatric-mental-health-learning-objectives-for-medical-students-a-response-to-the-institute-of-medicine-2012-report
#3
Susan W Lehmann, William B Brooks, Dennis Popeo, Kirsten M Wilkins, Mary C Blazek
America is aging as the population of older adults increases. The shortage of geriatric mental health specialists means that most geriatric mental healthcare will be provided by physicians who do not have specialty training in geriatrics. The Institute of Medicine Report of 2012 highlighted the urgent need for development of national competencies and curricula in geriatric mental health for all clinicians. Virtually all physicians can expect to treat older patients with mental health symptoms, yet currently there are no widely accepted learning objectives in geriatric mental health specific for medical students...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640029/enacting-pedagogy-in-curricula-on-the-vital-role-of-governance-in-medical-education
#4
Oscar Casiro, Glenn Regehr
Managing curricula and curricular change involves both a complex set of decisions and effective enactment of those decisions. The means by which decisions are made, implemented, and monitored constitute the governance of a program. Thus, effective academic governance is critical to effective curriculum delivery. Medical educators and medical education researchers have been invested heavily in issues of educational content, pedagogy, and design. However, relatively little consideration has been paid to the governance processes that ensure fidelity of implementation and ongoing refinements that will bring curricular practices increasingly in line with the pedagogical intent...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639244/veterinary-public-health-in-italy-from-healthy-animals-to-healthy-food-contribution-to-improve-economy-in-developing-countries
#5
Margherita Cacaci, Rossella Colomba Lelli
The role of the veterinarian as a public health officer is intrinsic to the history and the culture of veterinary organization in Italy. The Veterinary service being part of the Health administration since the birth of the Italian State in the XIX Century. In the second half of the last century the birth of the Italian National Health Service confirmed that the function of the Italian veterinary service was to analyze and reduce the risks for the human population connected to the relationship man-animal-environment, animal health, food safety and security...
June 22, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639045/passing-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-exam-linking-specialty-choice-and-attitudes-about-endoscopic-surgery-to-success
#6
Aimee K Gardner, Michael B Ujiki, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Previous work has shown that up to 30% of graduating surgery residents fail the fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) exam. This study investigated the extent to which FES pass rates differ in a specific sample of individuals who have chosen a career in GI surgery and to examine the relationships between FES performance and confidence in performing flexible endoscopy. METHODS: Fellows attending the 2016 SAGES Flexible Endoscopy Course were invited to complete the FES manual skills examination...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#7
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633167/medical-student-perceptions-of-their-education-about-suffering
#8
Thomas R Egnew, Peter R Lewis, Kimberly R Myers, William R Phillips
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To explore student perceptions of their medical school teaching and learning about human suffering and to elicit student recommendations for better approaches to teaching about suffering. METHODS: Qualitative study involving focus groups of students from each class at two US medical schools. RESULTS: Students reported that teaching about human suffering was variable, rarely explicit, and occurred primarily in the pre-clinical curriculum...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632193/adolescents-knowledge-of-breastfeeding-and-their-intention-to-breastfeed-in-the-future
#9
Marija Čatipović, Tamara Voskresensky Baričić, Sunčana Rokvić, Josip Grgurić
The aim of this paper is to analyze third-year secondary school students' knowledge of breastfeeding and intention to breastfeed their children, based on the results of a questionnaire. The respondents were 154 students (101 female/43 male) of two secondary schools in Bjelovar. The students completed a questionnaire which consisted of 23 questions regarding knowledge and intention to breastfeed. The answers were analyzed statistically and different results were compared by nonparametric tests. About half of the respondents think that both partners should decide on breastfeeding and recognize the role that fathers have in initiating and maintaining breastfeeding...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632011/essential-public-health-competencies-for-medical-students-establishing-a-consensus-in-family-medicine
#10
Christopher P Morley, Scott R Rosas, Ranit Mishori, William Jordan, Yumi Shitama Jarris, Family Medicine/Public Health Competencies Work Group, Jacob Prunuske
Phenomenon: The integration of public health (PH) competency training into medical education, and further integration of PH and primary care, has been urged by the U.S. Institute of Medicine. However, PH competencies are numerous, and no consensus exists over which competencies are most important for adoption by current trainees. Our objective was to conduct a group concept mapping exercise with stakeholders identifying the most important and feasible PH skills to incorporate in medical and residency curricula...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631199/practical-interventions-to-enhance-resident-ownership-of-patient-care
#11
Thomas Soeprono, Jesse Markman, Michael Grodesky, Deborah Cowley
OBJECTIVE: In the modern training environment, some question whether trainees have the opportunity to develop ownership of patient care, which includes concepts such as advocacy, autonomy, commitment, communication, follow-through, knowledge about the patient, responsibility, and teamwork. Despite descriptions of what ownership is, there is little discussion of how to foster ownership during residency. The objective of this study was to solicit psychiatry resident and faculty perspectives on ways to enhance resident ownership in training...
June 19, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630519/strategies-for-improving-learner-metacognition-in-health-professional-education
#12
REVIEW
Melissa S Medina, Ashley N Castleberry, Adam M Persky
Metacognition is an essential skill in critical thinking and self-regulated, lifelong learning. It is important for learners to have skills in metacognition because they are used to monitor and regulate reasoning, comprehension, and problem-solving, which are fundamental components/outcomes of pharmacy curricula. Instructors can help learners develop metacognitive skills within the classroom and experiential setting by carefully designing learning activities within courses and the curriculum. These skills are developed through intentional questioning, modeling techniques, and reflection...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#13
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#14
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628073/evaluating-the-need-for-organ-donation-and-transplant-related-education-in-nursing-curricula
#15
Annette Cerrato, Emerson Ea, Peter Flom
Transplant education has been historically unstructured and inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to measure nursing students' knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation, allocation, and preparation for practice using a modified version of the Organ Donation Attitude Questionnaire II-Student Version. Scores were low, particularly regarding brain death and organ allocation. Preparedness for practice was related to knowledge of brain death (z = 2.05, p = .04); knowledge (t = 2.24, p = .03) and attitude (t = 7...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625230/health-care-student-knowledge-and-willingness-to-work-in-infectious-disease-outbreaks
#16
Rima Patel, Kapil Wattamwar, Jaya Kanduri, Meghan Nahass, Jennifer Yoon, Justin Oh, Parth Shukla, Clifton R Lacy
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers are critical first responders. Understanding which factors motivate their willingness to work (WTW) during infectious disease outbreaks may guide improvements in preparedness. The perspective of health care students, the future workforce, remains largely unexplored. This study compared factors influencing WTW among medical, nursing, and pharmacy students. METHODS: A printed survey was administered to 631 medical, nursing, and pharmacy students...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624300/evaluating-current-and-recent-fellows-perceptions-on-the-interventional-radiology-residency-results-of-a-united-states-survey
#17
J C Hoffmann, A Singh, D Szaflarski, J F B Chick, N Azimov, S Mittal, J Flug, P J Rochon
PURPOSE: To evaluate current and recent interventional radiology (IR) fellows' perceptions on the new integrated IR residency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous, web-based survey was distributed to 82 current and recent IR fellows across the Unites States. The survey contained 15 questions, most of which were based on a five-point Likert scale. The survey was open for a three-week period in September 2015. The results were analyzed by two trainees and three IR attending physicians...
June 14, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623905/educational-standards-for-training-paramedics-in-ultrasound-a-scoping-review
#18
Ben Meadley, Alexander Olaussen, Ashleigh Delorenzo, Nick Roder, Caroline Martin, Toby St Clair, Andrew Burns, Emma Stam, Brett Williams
BACKGROUND: Paramedic-performed out-of-hospital ultrasound is a novel skill that has gained popularity in some services in recent years. In this setting point-of care ultrasound (POCUS) can provide additional information that can assist with management and guide transport to the most appropriate facility. We sought to explore the different educational approaches used for training paramedics in ultrasound in the out-of-hospital setting. METHODS: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL plus, The Monash University Research Repository and the British Thesis Library were searched from the 1(st) of January 1990 to the 6(th) of April 2016...
June 17, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622747/reducing-stigma-in-media-professionals-is-there-room-for-improvement-results-from-a-systematic-review
#19
Alessandra Maiorano, Antonio Lasalvia, Gaia Sampogna, Benedetta Pocai, Mirella Ruggeri, Claire Henderson
OBJECTIVE: The mass media may increase stigma against people with mental health problems by reinforcing common stereotypes. Media professionals thus represent a target group for antistigma interventions. This paper aims to review available literature on antistigma interventions for mass media professionals, seeking to clarify what kind of interventions have been found to be effective in reducing mental health stigma among mass media professionals. METHOD: Six electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Reviews Library and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts) were systematically searched through March 2017 for studies addressing antistigma interventions on mass media professionals...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622057/sending-messages-how-faculty-influence-professionalism-teaching-and-learning
#20
Lorraine Hawick, Jennifer Cleland, Simon Kitto
BACKGROUND: Ambiguity in understanding what "professionalism" means, and uncertainty in how best to teach it, remains. This study aimed to explore experiences of senior faculty in their endeavor to develop and include professionalism within a curriculum reform (CR), and illuminate challenges encountered. METHODS: Using a qualitative case study approach, data were collected from interviews with faculty who were involved in a major CR, plus archived document analysis to provide context, and aid triangulation...
June 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
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