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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817429/the-rising-challenge-of-training-physician-scientists-recommendations-from-a-canadian-national-consensus-conference
#1
Michael J Strong, Nick Busing, Danika L Goosney, Ken A Harris, Tanya Horsley, Alexandra Kuzyk, Lorelei Lingard, Wendy V Norman, Norman D Rosenblum, Tina Saryeddine, Xin Wang
Physician-scientists are individuals who actively participate in patient care, have undergone additional research training, and devote the majority of their time to research. Physician-scientists are traditionally the primary catalysts in bridging the translational gap-that is, the failure to link fundamental new knowledge in the pathobiology of disease with advances in health care and health policy in a timely manner. However, there has been a shift away from training physician-scientists, and financial support for the physician-scientist is diminishing globally, causing the translational gap to grow...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817395/echo-pain-curriculum-balancing-mandated-continuing-education-with-the-needs-of-rural-health-care-practitioners
#2
Brian M Shelley, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Daniel J Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monette, Melissa Britt, Lainey Flatow-Trujillo, Sanjeev Arora
Chronic pain is a common problem in the United States. Health care professions training at the undergraduate and graduate levels in managing chronic pain is insufficient. The Chronic Pain and Headache Management TeleECHO Clinic (ECHO Pain) is a telehealth approach at Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), which supports clinicians interested in improving their knowledge and confidence in treating patients with chronic pain and safe opioid management. It is a vehicle for educating practicing clinicians (at the "spoke") based on work-place learning with cases selected by participants from their patient panels combined with short lectures by experts (at the "hub")...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#3
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817239/novel-dissection-of-the-central-nervous-system-to-bridge-gross-anatomy-and-neuroscience-for-an-integrated-medical-curriculum
#4
Rebecca J Hlavac, Rachel Klaus, Kourtney Betts, Shilo M Smith, Maureen E Stabio
Medical schools in the United States continue to undergo curricular change, reorganization, and reformation as more schools transition to an integrated curriculum. Anatomy educators must find novel approaches to teach in a way that will bridge multiple disciplines. The cadaveric extraction of the central nervous system (CNS) provides an opportunity to bridge gross anatomy, neuroanatomy, and clinical neurology. In this dissection, the brain, brainstem, spinal cord, cauda equina, optic nerve/tract, and eyes are removed in one piece so that the entire CNS and its gateway to the periphery through the spinal roots can be appreciated...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815360/epidemiology-in-germany-general-development-and-personal-experience
#5
Heinz-Erich Wichmann
Did you ever hear about epidemiology in Germany? Starting from an epidemiological desert the discipline has grown remarkably, especially during the last 10-15 years: research institutes have been established, research funding has improved, multiple curriculae in Epidemiology and Public Health are offered. This increase has been quite steep, and now the epidemiological infrastructure is much better. Several medium-sized and even big population cohorts are ongoing, and the number and quality of publications from German epidemiologists has reached a respectable level...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815204/pathology-competencies-for-medical-education-and-educational-cases
#6
Barbara E C Knollmann-Ritschel, Donald P Regula, Michael J Borowitz, Richard Conran, Michael B Prystowsky
Current medical school curricula predominantly facilitate early integration of basic science principles into clinical practice to strengthen diagnostic skills and the ability to make treatment decisions. In addition, they promote life-long learning and understanding of the principles of medical practice. The Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME) were developed in response to a call to action by pathology course directors nationwide to teach medical students pathology principles necessary for the practice of medicine...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812121/-teaching-in-orthopaedic-and-trauma-surgery
#7
T Renkawitz, A Benditz, M Rüsseler, U Obertacke, J Grifka, M Weber
The scramble for available places to study medicine in Germany continues. One of the core points within the "Master Plan 2020", which has been recently adopted, is the reform of teaching concepts at German medical faculties. In the future, students of human medicine are to be trained primarily based upon competence-oriented, integrated curricula. The present paper is intended to present modern teaching concepts and methods, as well as current examination formats, which play a special role in student training in orthopaedics and traumatology...
August 15, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807704/palliative-care-albania
#8
Rudina Rama, Valbona Mane-Carcani, Fatmir Prifti, Kristo Huta, Ali Xhixha, Stephen R Connor
Sixty-percent of cancer patients are diagnosed with advanced stages of disease and those diagnosed in early stages face challenges to receive adequate treatment. Palliative care has had significant developments in recent years in Albania, due to a close partnership with the Ministry of Health, local non-profit organizations, and the Open Society Foundation Albania. In 2011, a five-year action plan for palliative care as one of four parts of the National Cancer Control Plan was approved. At the end of 2014, the first palliative care law was approved by Parliament...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806648/to-embed-or-not-to-embed-a-longitudinal-study-exploring-the-impact-of-curriculum-design-on-the-evidence-based-practice-profiles-of-uk-pre-registration-nursing-students
#9
Laura Scurlock-Evans, Penney Upton, Joanne Rouse, Dominic Upton
BACKGROUND: The use of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is increasingly emphasized within healthcare. However, little research has focused on nurses' pre-registration training; particularly regarding the impact of curriculum-design on learning EBP. OBJECTIVES: This study compared the impact of embedding EBP throughout the curriculum, with modular-based teaching, on pre-registration nursing students' EBP profiles. DESIGN: A longitudinal panel study...
July 26, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806483/mandate-for-the-nursing-profession-to-address-climate-change-through-nursing-education
#10
Jeanne Leffers, Ruth McDermott Levy, Patrice K Nicholas, Casey F Sweeney
PURPOSE: The adverse health effects from climate change demand action from the nursing profession. This article examines the calls to action, the status of climate change in nursing education, and challenges and recommendations for nursing education related to climate change and human health. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Discussion paper. FINDINGS: The integration of climate change into nursing education is essential so that knowledge, skills, and insights critical for clinical practice in our climate-changing world are incorporated in curricula, practice, research, and policy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805350/predicting-student-success-in-nurse-practitioner-programs
#11
Angela Richard-Eaglin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Criteria for admission to nurse practitioner (NP) and other professional programs provide a snapshot of students' potential for success in those programs. Critical examination of admission criteria is a vital component of ensuring timely matriculation and completion of NP programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between admission criteria and student progression and completion of NP programs. METHODS: A retrospective review of 150 randomly selected student records from a total of 232 available records was conducted...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#12
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803457/development-of-a-proficiency-based-virtual-reality-simulation-training-curriculum-for-laparoscopic-appendicectomy
#13
Pramudith Sirimanna, Marc A Gladman
BACKGROUND: Proficiency-based virtual reality (VR) training curricula improve intraoperative performance, but have not been developed for laparoscopic appendicectomy (LA). This study aimed to develop an evidence-based training curriculum for LA. METHODS: A total of 10 experienced (>50 LAs), eight intermediate (10-30 LAs) and 20 inexperienced (<10 LAs) operators performed guided and unguided LA tasks on a high-fidelity VR simulator using internationally relevant techniques...
August 13, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803073/leadership-development-initiative-growing-global-leaders%C3%A2-advancing-palliative-care
#14
Frank D Ferris, Shannon Y Moore, Mary V Callaway, Kathleen M Foley
The International Palliative Care Leadership Development Initiative (LDI) is a model demonstration project that aimed to expand the global network of palliative care leaders in low and moderate-resource countries who are well positioned to apply their new leadership skills. Thirty-nine palliative medicine physicians from 25 countries successfully completed the 2-year curriculum that included three thematic residential courses, mentorship and site visits by senior global palliative care leaders, and personal projects to apply their new leadership skills...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803072/palliative-care-development-in-tajikistan
#15
Nigora Abidjanova
Tajikistan's health system has undergone a series of complex changes associated with reforms aimed at the transition to a more sophisticated control mechanism, financing and operation. As in many developing countries, there is an increase in morbidity and mortality from cancer and chronic diseases, including tuberculosis and HIV. Attention is needed by the state for the development of cost-effective palliative care that will be integrated into the existing public health system. A recent palliative care country needs assessment identified the following areas of work that need to be addressed for palliative care to be implemented: • educating and training of health care professionals, • raising public awareness about palliative care, • making essential palliative care medicines available, • developing the necessary regulatory documents for palliative care development, • developing educational curricula and materials, • integrating palliative care into the medical and nursing universities and schools, • Creating models of palliative care services for home and inpatient facilities...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798210/do-biology-majors-really-differ-from-non-stem-majors
#16
Sehoya Cotner, Seth Thompson, Robin Wright
Recent calls to action urge sweeping reform in science education, advocating for improved learning for all students-including those majoring in fields beyond the sciences. However, little work has been done to characterize the differences-if any exist-between students planning a career in science and those studying other disciplines. We describe an attempt to clarify, in broad terms, how non-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) majors differ from life sciences majors, and how they are similar...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797933/simulation-debriefing-based-on-principles-of-transfer-of-learning-a-pilot-study
#17
Sandra Johnston, Fiona Coyer, Robyn Nash
Upon completion of undergraduate nursing courses, new graduates are expected to transition seamlessly into practice. Education providers face challenges in the preparation of undergraduate nurses due to increasing student numbers and decreasing availability of clinical placement sites. High fidelity patient simulation is an integral component of nursing curricula as an adjunct to preparation for clinical placement. Debriefing after simulation is an area where the underlying structure of problems can consciously be explored...
August 3, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795918/the-role-of-implementation-science-training-in-global-health-from-the-perspective-of-graduates-of-the-field-s-first-dedicated-doctoral-program
#18
Arianna R Means, David E Phillips, Grégoire Lurton, Anne Njoroge, Sabine M Furere, Rong Liu, Wisal M Hassan, Xiaochen Dai, Orvalho Augusto, Peter Cherutich, Gloria Ikilezi, Caroline Soi, Dong Roman Xu, Christopher G Kemp
Bridging the 'know-do gap' is an enormous challenge for global health practitioners. They must be able to understand local health dynamics within the operational and social contexts that engender them, test and adjust approaches to implementation in collaboration with communities and stakeholders, interpret data to inform policy decisions, and design adaptive and resilient health systems at scale. These skills and methods have been formalized within the nascent field of Implementation Science (IS). As graduates of the world's first PhD program dedicated explicitly to IS, we have a unique perspective on the value of IS and the training, knowledge, and skills essential to bridging the 'know-do gap'...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793918/key-stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-barriers-and-solutions-to-pharmacy-practice-towards-complementary-medicines-an-australian-experience
#19
Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Joanna Harnett, Hao Hu
BACKGROUND: Although pharmacists are entrusted to play a role in ensuring the safe and appropriate use of all medicines, in general, the inclusion of complementary medicines (CMs) into their professional practice has not been observed. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and opinions of pharmacists and 8 key stakeholder leaders regarding the barriers that hinder pharmacists from providing care related to the use of CMs by patients/consumers and to identify solutions that would support pharmacists' in extending their role in this area...
August 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792263/implementing-and-evaluating-a-community-based-inter-institutional-interprofessional-education-pilot-programme
#20
Chante Stubbs, Mavis N Schorn, Jacinta P Leavell, Elena Wong Espiritu, Gerald Davis, Chad K Gentry, Elisa Friedman, Traci Patton, Ali Graham, Ron Crowder, Consuelo H Wilkins
Many health professions programmes have begun integrating interprofessional learning into their curricula; however, community-based interprofessional education (IPE) initiatives are relatively scarce. The Meharry-Vanderbilt Alliance IPE Faculty Collaborative, comprised of faculty from five institutions, developed a community-based IPE programme that allowed students to engage in meaningful interprofessional activities while exposing them to social determinants of health. Thirty students from ten professions were divided into six teams and paired with three community organisations...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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