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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342562/tackling-racism-as-a-wicked-public-health-problem-enabling-allies-in-anti-racism-praxis
#1
Heather Came, Derek Griffith
Racism is a "wicked" public health problem that fuels systemic health inequities between population groups in New Zealand, the United States and elsewhere. While literature has examined racism and its effects on health, the work describing how to intervene to address racism in public health is less developed. While the notion of raising awareness of racism through socio-political education is not new, given the way racism has morphed into new narratives in health institutional settings, it has become critical to support allies to make informing efforts to address racism as a fundamental cause of health inequities...
March 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333609/fundamental-use-of-surgical-energy-fuse-an-essential-educational-program-for-operating-room-safety
#2
Stephanie B Jones, Malcolm G Munro, Liane S Feldman, Thomas N Robinson, L Michael Brunt, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Daniel B Jones, Pascal R Fuchshuber
Operating room (OR) safety has become a major concern in patient safety since the 1990s. Improvement of team communication and behavior is a popular target for safety programming at the institutional level. Despite these efforts, essential safety gaps remain in the OR and procedure rooms. A prime example is the use of energy-based devices in ORs and procedural areas. The lack of fundamental understanding of energy device function, design, and application contributes to avoidable injury and harm at a rate of approximately 1 to 2 per 1000 patients in the US...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326284/physical-activity-interventions-in-african-american-women-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Vanessa Bland, Manoj Sharma
Background: African American women are at high risk of acquiring chronic diseases due to sedentary lifestyles. This objective of this article was to perform a narrative systematic review of physical activity interventions among African American women published between 2009 and 2015. Methods: A review of literature in following databases: Academic Search Premier, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health), ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), MEDLINE, PsychInfo, and SPORTDiscus was performed to locate interventions promoting physical activity among African American women...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319239/mobile-health-interventions-for-improving-health-outcomes-in-youth-a-meta-analysis
#4
David A Fedele, Christopher C Cushing, Alyssa Fritz, Christina M Amaro, Adrian Ortega
Importance: Mobile health interventions are increasingly popular in pediatrics; however, it is unclear how effective these interventions are in changing health outcomes. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of mobile health interventions for improving health outcomes in youth 18 years or younger. Data Sources: Studies published through November 30, 2016, were collected through PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Educational Resources Information Center, and PsychINFO...
March 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295785/improving-support-and-education-of-low-income-baby-boomers-diagnosed-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-through-universal-screening
#5
Barbara J Turner, Kathryn Craig, Vidhi S Makanji, Bertha E Flores, Ludivina Hernandez
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify support needs of low income baby boomers recently diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. BACKGROUND: The United States Preventive Services Task Force has endorsed one-time screening of all baby boomers (born 1945 to 1965) for hepatitis C because 75% of the estimated 2 to 3 million persons with chronic infection are in this age range. We hypothesized that persons diagnosed by routine screening would have significant psycho-emotional, cognitive, and health care challenges that need to be met by collaborative care and services from nurses and other health care personnel...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289679/efficacy-of-a-student-led-community-based-multifactorial-fall-prevention-program-stay-in-balance
#6
Cheryl A Der Ananian, Melanie Mitros, Matthew Paul Buman
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major public health concern in older adults. Recent fall prevention guidelines recommend the use of multifactorial fall prevention programs (FPPs) that include exercise for community-dwelling older adults; however, the availability of sustainable, community-based FPPs is limited. METHODS: We conducted a 24-week quasi-experimental study to evaluate the efficacy of a community-based, multifactorial FPP [Stay in Balance (SIB)] on dynamic and functional balance and muscular strength...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285164/the-views-of-non-medical-prescribing-students-and-medical-mentors-on-interprofessional-competency-assessment-a-qualitative-exploration
#7
Janyne D Afseth, Ruth E Paterson
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom (UK) is one of the least restrictive countries in terms of scope of prescribing practice for non-medical prescribers and is a rapidly expanding group of professionals. In the United Kingdom nurse prescribers are assessed in practice by Designated Medical Practitioners (DMP) (doctors) which is a unique approach. In light of proposals to permit nurses to assess each other the benefits and challenges associated with current approach to interprofessional assessment warranted further exploration...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281832/outcomes-of-introducing-early-learners-to-interprofessional-competencies-in-a-classroom-setting
#8
Kelly S Lockeman, Sharon K Lanning, Alan W Dow, Joseph A Zorek, Deborah DiazGranados, Carole K Ivey, Shawne Soper
PROBLEM: Although interprofessional practice is important for improving healthcare delivery, there is little evidence describing interprofessional education (IPE) outcomes beyond changes in attitudes and knowledge of prelicensure learners. More rigorous evaluation of early IPE is needed to determine its impact on teaching interprofessional collaborative practice and providing a solid foundation for applying collaborative skills in the clinical environment. INTERVENTION: First-year students (N = 679) in 7 health professions programs participated in a 4-session series focusing on professional roles and responsibilities, teams and teamwork, and the healthcare system...
March 10, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273528/the-effectiveness-of-concept-mapping-on-development-of-critical-thinking-in-nursing-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Meng Yue, Meng Zhang, Chunmei Zhang, Changde Jin
OBJECTIVES: As an essential skill in daily clinical nursing practice, critical thinking ability has been an important objective in nursing education. Concept mapping enables nursing students connect new information to existing knowledge and integrates interdisciplinary knowledge. However, there is a lack of evidence related to critical thinking ability and concept mapping in nursing education. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of concept mapping in developing critical thinking in nursing education...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255601/in-respect-to-the-cognitive-load-theory-adjusting-instructional-guidance-with-student-expertise
#10
Jim Schilling
The amount of guidance supplied by educators to students in allied health programs is a factor in student learning. According to the cognitive load theory of learning, without adequate instructional support, novice learners will be overwhelmed and unable to store information, while unnecessary guidance supplied to advanced students will cause extraneous cognitive load on the working memory system. Adjusting instructional guidance for students according to their level of expertise to minimize extraneous cognitive load and optimize working memory storage capacity will enhance learning effectiveness...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255596/the-future-of-clinical-education-opportunities-and-challenges-from-allied-health-deans-perspective
#11
Barbara D Romig, Ann W Tucker, Anne M Hewitt, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet
ISSUE: There is limited information and consensus on the future of clinical education and the key factors impacting allied health (AH) clinical training. AH deans identified both opportunities and challenges impacting clinical education based on a proposed educational model. METHODS: From July 2013 to March 2014, 61 deans whose institutions were 2013 members of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP) participated in a three-round Delphi survey...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255594/peer-assisted-learning-in-education-of-allied-health-professional-students-in-the-clinical-setting-a-systematic-review
#12
Samantha Sevenhuysen, Joanne Thorpe, Elizabeth Molloy, Jenny Keating, Terry Haines
Pressure on clinical educators to provide best practice education to growing student numbers is driving innovations in clinical education. Placing multiple students with a single clinical educator may increase capacity; however, little is known about the role and impact of peer-assisted learning (PAL) in these models. A systematic review of the literature from 1985 to 2014 was done to investigate the effectiveness of PAL amongst allied health professional students in clinical settings. Secondary aims were to investigate how PAL is defined and measured in this practice setting...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248411/reflective-journals-unmasking-student-perceptions-of-anatomical-education
#13
Lelika Lazarus, Reshma Sookrajh, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore their experiences of anatomy through an analysis of their journal-reflective writings and determine whether this type of creative writing had a beneficial effect on those students who chose to complete them...
March 1, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241913/fundamental-use-of-surgical-energy-fuse-an-essential-educational-program-for-operating-room-safety
#14
Stephanie B Jones, Malcolm G Munro, Liane S Feldman, Thomas N Robinson, L Michael Brunt, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Daniel B Jones, Pascal R Fuchshuber
Operating room (OR) safety has become a major concern in patient safety since the 1990s. Improvement of team communication and behavior is a popular target for safety programming at the institutional level. Despite these efforts, essential safety gaps remain in the OR and procedure rooms. A prime example is the use of energy-based devices in ORs and procedural areas. The lack of fundamental understanding of energy device function, design, and application contributes to avoidable injury and harm at a rate of approximately 1 to 2 per 1000 patients in the US...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240970/head-and-neck-cancer-survivorship-care-guideline-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-endorsement-of-the-american-cancer-society-guideline
#15
Larissa Nekhlyudov, Christina Lacchetti, Nancy B Davis, Thomas Q Garvey, David P Goldstein, J Chris Nunnink, Jose I Ruades Ninfea, Andrew L Salner, Talya Salz, Lillian L Siu
Purpose This guideline provides recommendations on the management of adults after head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment, focusing on surveillance and screening for recurrence or second primary cancers, assessment and management of long-term and late effects, health promotion, care coordination, and practice implications. Methods ASCO has a policy and set of procedures for endorsing clinical practice guidelines that have been developed by other professional organizations. The American Cancer Society (ACS) HNC Survivorship Care Guideline was reviewed for developmental rigor by methodologists...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229917/factors-related-to-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-students-in-health-professional-programs-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick
BACKGROUND: Academic and professional drivers have stimulated interest in self-directed learning of students in pre-certification health professional programs. Particular attention has focussed on factors which may influence a students' readiness for self-directed learning. METHOD: A five stage structured scoping review of published literature was conducted to identify measures of self-directed learning readiness used with students in pre-certification health professional programs and those factors that have been investigated as potential determinants...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216118/systematic-review-of-patient-education-practices-in-weight-loss-surgery
#17
Karen D Groller
BACKGROUND: Education plays a key role in adherence to lifestyle modifications after weight loss surgery (WLS). Education given before and after surgery may decrease weight recidivism rates and improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze educational practices in bariatric centers. METHODS: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health and PubMed databases were searched in May 2016 for English-language, peer-reviewed studies about WLS patient education practices from 1999 to 2016...
January 11, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214669/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-5529-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#18
Karl E Minges, Robin Whittemore, Stuart A Weinzimer, Melinda L Irwin, Nancy S Redeker, Margaret Grey
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to examine the associations among socio-demographic, clinical, and self-management factors by weight status. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data obtained from 5529 adolescents with T1D (mean age=15.4±1.4years, 51.8% male, 77.9% white, mean HbA1c=8.7±1.8%; 72mmol/mol) from the T1D Exchange Clinic Registry. We examined correlates of weight status using multinomial logistic regression analyses...
February 4, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213599/health-information-needs-source-preferences-and-engagement-behaviours-of-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-across-the-care-continuum-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#19
Carol A Tucker, M Pilar Martin, Ray B Jones
INTRODUCTION: The health information needs, information source preferences and engagement behaviours of women with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) depend on personal characteristics such as education level, prior knowledge, clinical complications, comorbidities and where they are in the cancer journey. A thorough understanding of the information behaviours of women living with mBC is essential to the provision of optimal care. A preliminary literature review suggests that there is little research on this topic, but that there may be lessons from a slightly broader literature...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186840/fertility-preservation-care-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-an-inquiry-to-quantify-professionals-barriers
#20
Nikoletta Panagiotopoulou, Frederik W van Delft, Juliet P Hale, Jane A Stewart
PURPOSE: There is a growing interest in fertility preservation as emerging research is highlighting the prevalence of infertility among young cancer survivors and its negative impact on quality of life. Previous qualitative research has identified barriers of fertility preservation care among professionals. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of these barriers among pediatric and adolescent oncology healthcare professionals and evaluate factors that influence them. METHODS: Based on previously identified barriers and experts' input, a questionnaire was developed and sent to 88 professionals drawn from the multidisciplinary pediatric and adolescent oncology team of a large Principal Treatment Centre...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
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