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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050427/brazil-nut-meal-and-spray-dried-egg-powders-as-alternatives-to-synthetic-methionine-in-organic-laying-hen-diets
#1
H K Burley, P H Patterson
The United States organic poultry industry is currently facing a limitation on dietary inclusion of synthetic methionine (Met). This study investigated Brazil nut protein powder (BNPP), spray-dried egg white (SDEW), and spray-dried egg blend (70:30 albumen: yolk) (SDEB) as alternatives to synthetic Met in organic laying hen diets. A total of 270 Hy-Line Brown laying hens was fed 5 diets from 22 to 38 wk of age, with 6 replicates of 3 adjacent cages per diet and 3 hens per cage. Diets included a commercial control (COM) (non-organic with standard CP and synthetic Met), an organic control (ORG) (with no synthetic Met, but higher CP to meet Met requirements), and 3 organic treatment diets with no synthetic Met, but including BNPP, SDEW, or SDEB at levels to meet Met requirements...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050391/psychogenic-amnesia-syndromes-outcome-and-patterns-of-retrograde-amnesia
#2
Neil A Harrison, Kate Johnston, Federica Corno, Sarah J Casey, Kimberley Friedner, Kate Humphreys, Eli J Jaldow, Mervi Pitkanen, Michael D Kopelman
There are very few case series of patients with acute psychogenic memory loss (also known as dissociative/functional amnesia), and still fewer studies of outcome, or comparisons with neurological memory-disordered patients. Consequently, the literature on psychogenic amnesia is somewhat fragmented and offers little prognostic value for individual patients. In the present study, we reviewed the case records and neuropsychological findings in 53 psychogenic amnesia cases (ratio of 3:1, males:females), in comparison with 21 consecutively recruited neurological memory-disordered patients and 14 healthy control subjects...
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050331/a-glo10-score-for-the-prediction-of-prognosis-in-high-grade-gliomas
#3
Feng Chen, Peng Peng, Yi Zhou, Zhen-Yu Yang, Hai-Quan Zhang, Xiang-Sheng Ao, Da-Quan Zhou, Chun-Xiang Xiang
Gliomas are the most common lethal brain tumours and remain great heterogeneity in terms of histopathology and clinical outcomes. Among them, glioblastomas are the most aggressive tumours that lead to a median of less than one-year survival in patients. Despite the little improvement of in diagnosis and treatments for last decades, there is an urgent need for prognostic markers to distinguish high- and low-risk patients before treatment.Here, we generated a list of genes associated with glioblastoma progressions and then performed a comprehensive statistical modelling strategy to derive a 10-gene (GLO10) score from genome wide expression profiles of a large glioblastoma cohort (n=844)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050326/different-effection-of-p-1125val-ala-and-rs11954856-in-apc-on-wnt-signaling-pathway
#4
Fei-Feng Li, Zhi-Xun Zhao, Peng Yan, Song Wang, Zheng Liu, Qiong Zhang, Xiao-Ning Zhang, Chang-Hao Sun, Xi-Shan Wang, Gui-Yu Wang, Shu-Lin Liu
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among the most common and fatal forms of solid tumors worldwide and more than two thirds of CRC and adenomas patients have APC gene mutations. APC is a key regulator in the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway but its roles in CRC remains to be elucidated. In this study, we compared APC genes between CRC patients and controls to determine possible associations of nucleotide changes in the APC gene with the pathways involved in CRC pathogenesis. All participants received physical and enteroscopic examinations...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050319/clinical-efficacy-of-endostar-combined-with-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-in-gastric-cancer-results-from-a-retrospective-study
#5
Jing Yao, Li Fan, Chunfen Peng, Ai Huang, Tao Liu, Zhenyu Lin, Qin Yang, Tao Zhang, Hong Ma
Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) resulting from metastatic dissemination of gastric cancer (GC) cells carries a dismal prognosis, and current treatments have shown little efficacy. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human endostatin (Endostar), a broad-spectrum anti-angiogenic peptide, in combination with chemotherapy in PC derived from GC. From January 2014 to December 2016, 33 patients with advanced stage GC associated with PC were enrolled. Pathological, imaging, and treatment data were retrospectively analyzed...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050316/pharmacokinetics-and-drug-drug-interaction-between-enalapril-enalaprilat-and-felodipine-extended-release-er-in-healthy-subjects
#6
Dai Li, Sumei Xu, Yulu Wang, Dan Li, Xiaomin Li, Jing Pan, Pingsheng Xu
Since angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and calcium antagonists have complimentary mechanisms of action, enalapril, an ACE inhibitor, is used in combination with felodipine, a vascular selective dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, for the treatment of hypertension. The present study was designed to investigate the possible drug-drug interaction between these two agents in Chinese healthy subjects. A randomized, open-label, multiple-dose, 3-treatment, 3-period, 6-sequence cross-over study enrolling 12 healthy subjects (six male and six female subjects) was performed...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050187/-cytokine-analysis-of-aqueous-humor-in-aids-patients
#7
W J Kong, C G Guo, L Y Xie, W B Wei, H W Dong, C Chen, K F Du
Objective: To explore the Cytokine of aqueous humor in AIDS patients with different eye diseases. Methods: A case-control study including 38 patients who was diagnosed as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS) at Infectious Center and Department of Ophthalmology in Beijing You'an Hospital, Capital Medical University. And 16 cases of 38 patients were cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR), 14 cases were HIV-related retinal disease, and 8 cases presented as normal. A series of tests were performed including vision acuity check, intraocular pressure, fundus photography, blood cell count of CD4+ T lymphocyte and the content of cytokines in aqueous humor by Luminex 200(TM) liquid chip analyzer...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050185/-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-acute-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#8
S S Jia, C Zhao, D Gong, Z Chen, M F Zhang
Objective: To measure vascular density in retinal and choroidal capillary layers by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and to explore their potential clinical values in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH). Methods: This is a cross-sectional case-control study. Twenty-one acute VKH cases presented to Peking Union Medical College Hospital between April 2015 and July 2015 and 49 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. OCTA was performed with a split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography-optical coherence tomography (SSADA-OCT) system borrowed from Optovue Inc...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050180/-meta-analysis-of-three-dimensional-printing-patient-specific-instrumentation-versus-conventional-instrumentation-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
J T Ren, C Xu, J S Wang, X L Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effects of three-dimensional printing patient-specific instrumentation(PSI) versus conventional instrumentation(CI) in the total knee arthroplasty. Methods: According to "patient-specific" , "patient-matched" , "custom" , "Instrumentation" , "Guide Instrumentation" , "cutting blocks" , "total knee arthroplasty" , "total knee replacement" , "TKA" and "TKR" , the literature on PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane library, CBM and WanFang were searched. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the high quality randomized control trial (RCT) studies about three-dimensional (3D) printing patient-specific instrumentation versus conventional instrumentation in the total knee arthroplasty were collected...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050176/-analysis-of-diagnosis-therapy-and-prognosis-factors-of-103-patients-with-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#10
Q Luo, Y N Liu, H Y Ma, S Li, J Y Huang, G Li, G Jin
Objective: To discuss the clinical pathology characteristics, strategies of diagnosis and therapy, and related prognosis factors of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors(pNET). Methods: Clinical data of 103 pNET cases in Department of Pancreatic Surgery, Changhai Hospital of Second Military Medical University were collected from January 2006 to December 2015. There were 44 males and 59 females, aged from 21 to 77 years with mean age of 48 years.Of the 103 patients, there were functional type in 21 cases and no functional type in 82 cases...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050173/-effects-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-the-treatment-of-medullary-sponge-kidney-with-calculi
#11
Y Hong, Q Q Xu, X B Huang, Z J Zhu, H Y Ye, F S Zhang, Q Y Yang, L Z An, T Xu
Objective: To evaluate the effects of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in the treatment of medullary sponge kidney with calculi. Methods: A total of 77 patients (91 renal units) of medullary sponge kidney with calculi (MSK group) and 77 patients (77 renal units) with common kidney stone (control group) received PNL at Department of Urology in Peking University People's Hospital from September 2006 to February 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The MSK group included 33 males and 44 females with a mean age of (42...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050165/-ovarian-tumor-associated-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-report-of-15-cases
#12
X M Li, H Y Jiang, Y F Wang, W Qiu, Y Wang, H T Wu
Objective: To summarize the clinical features of patients with ovarian tumor and anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor(NMDAR) encephalitis, and to explore the influence of operation patterns on the prognosis. Methods: The clinical information of patients with ovarian tumor and anti-NMDAR encephalitis in The 3rd Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University and The Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University were collected and analyzed. Results: There were 15 patients were enrolled in this study, with the average age of 24...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050164/-comparisons-of-prevalence-and-clinical-and-environmental-characteristics-between-tibetan-and-han-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-tibetan-plateau
#13
K L Zhai, G Zhuo, H B Chi, Z Lan
Objective: By the preliminary comparison study on the constituent ratio and clinical characteristics of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Tibetan and Han women in Tibetan Plateau, we aimed to find the relevance of its pathogenic factors, and to guide the treatment of PCOS in the plateau region and improve the prognosis. Methods: The general situation and clinical data of 165 patients who were diagnosed with PCOS from December 1, 2015 to November 30, 2016 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the People's Hospital of Tibet Autonomous Region were analyzed retrospectively...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050162/-two-stage-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-an-antibiotic-loaded-cement-spacer-for-infected-internal-fixation-of-hip-fractures
#14
X Li, M Ni, H Li, J L Song, X G Song, J Fu, K Liu, B Z Yu, J Y Chen
Objective: To evaluate the application and clinical results of two-stage total hip arthroplasty in the treatment of the deep hip infection following the internal fixation of hip fractures. Methods: From May 2007 to November 2014, 21 patients with active hip infection secondary to internal fixation of hip fractures were treated with two-stage total hip arthroplasty using a temporary antibiotic-loaded cement spacers. Of 21 cases, 15 were males and 6 were females, aged from 27 to 64 years (mean, 45); there are 18 cases of femoral neck fractures and 3 cases of intertrochanteric fractures...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050156/-altered-expression-and-clinical-significance-of-plasma-pdgf-in-patients-with-myasthnia-gravis
#15
J J Wang, H X Zhang, X L Zhou, L H Wang
Objective: To evaluate the expression and clinical significance of plasma platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in the patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Methods: Plasma samples from 44 MG patients and 34 healthy people were collected from August 2015 to December 2016 from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University. The expression of PDGF was detected by MILLIPLEX MAP Reagent kit. Furthermore, we analyzed the associations between PDGF expression level and quantitative myasthenia gravis score (QMG)...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050155/-correlation-factors-of-127-times-pre-crisis-state-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis
#16
C Y Ou, H Ran, L Qiu, Z D Huang, Z Z Lin, J Deng, W B Liu
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of the Pre-Crisis State and analyze the correlated risk factors of Pre-Crisis State of myasthenia crisis. Methods: We included 93 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who experienced 127 times Pre-Crisis State between October 2007 and July 2016. Those patients were hospitalized in the MG specialize center, Department of Neurological Science, first Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. The information of the general situation, the clinical manifestations and the blood gas analysis in those patients were collected using our innovated clinical research form...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050153/-study-on-the-differentiation-of-rat-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-chondrocytes-induced-by-tgf-beta-3
#17
D B Liu, X S Han, W L Huang, J Deng, R F She
Objective: To explore the methods for the differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) into chondrocytes induced by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 3 in vitro, and search for a reliable seed cell for the regeneration and repair of articular cartilage in osteoarthritis. Methods: SD rat femoral and tibial BMMSCs were cultured by the whole bone marrow adherent method, and then the purity was identified by flow cytometry. P3 generation cells were induced and differentiated into chondrocytes by the induction of differentiation medium containing TGF-beta 3, and cell chondrogenic differentiation ability at different induction time points was detected...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050096/-application-of-three-dimensional-ultrasound-for-diagnosis-of-congenital-preauricular-fistula
#18
X L Zhu, F Liu, X C Jin, H E Zhou, Y Y Zhao, H B Jiang, B Z Zhao, W F Xiong
Objective: To explore the application of real-time three-dimensional ultrasound in locating the course, the brand and the blind end of internal opening of congenital preauricular fistula. Methods: Congenital preauricular fistula patients from Changhai Hospital were studied. All the cases were evaluated using two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound before surgeries. The surgery findings were utilized as the gold standard. The imaging features of 3D ultrasound were described to determine the accuracy of the blind end location, the course of the main fistula tract and the branch tracts...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050095/-revisional-radical-mastoidectomy-surgeries-25-cases-experience
#19
L Li, J Xie, Y Liu, S S Gong
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of failure to dry ear after radical mastoidectomy and discuss key points in revisonal surgery. Methods: Clinical data of 25 patients(32 ears) with revisonal mastoidectomy were analyzed. The preoperative temporal bone CT findings, intra-operative findings, surgical procedures, postoperative operating cavities and aural abilities were recorded and analyzed. Results: All patients received preoperative temporal bone CT followed by revisonal radical mastoidectomy under microscope and general anesthesia...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050091/-value-of-modified-killian-s-method-in-diagnosis-of-congenital-pyriform-sinus-fistula
#20
S L Huang, L S Chen, B Zhang, L Liang, X X Gong, Z G Zhou, S X Zhang, X N Luo, Z M Lu, S Y Zhang
Objective: To investigate the feasibility and significance of modified Killian(MK) method in the clinical diagnosis of congenital pyriform sinus fistula(CPSF) by electronic laryngoscopy. Methods: The following examinations were performed for 30 suspected cases of CPSF, including the traditional electronic laryngoscopy, MK examination(modified Killian position+ head rotation+ the Valsalva maneuver), barium swallow X-ray(BSX) and CT , and a prospective comparison among them were done. Patients were divided into two groups according to their age: young age group(≤14 years old) and older age group (>14 years old)...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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