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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507347/performance-of-tubex%C3%A2-tf-in-the-diagnosis-of-enteric-fever-in-private-tertiary-care-hospital-peshawar-pakistan
#1
Kamran Khan, Luma Khalid, Khatira Wahid, Iftikhar Ali
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of TUBEX® TF in diagnosing enteric fever. METHODS: The retrospective study was performed at the Northwest General Hospital and Research Centre, Peshawar, Pakistan, and comprised data of all patients who had blood cultures and TUBEX®TF performed as part of their evaluation from April 2011 to November 2015. SPSS 16 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 970 patients, salmonella typhi was isolated in 43(4...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502944/reactive-arthritis-caused-by-yersinia-enterocolitica-enteritis
#2
Kazuya Honda, Nozomi Iwanaga, Yasumori Izumi, Yoshika Tsuji, Chieko Kawahara, Toru Michitsuji, Shuntaro Higashi, Atsushi Kawakami, Kiyoshi Migita
We report a case of reactive arthritis (ReA) triggered by Yersinia enterocolitica enteritis. A 24-year-old Japanese man developed polyarthritis in the lower limbs. Two weeks prior to these symptoms, he noted diarrhea, right lower abdominal pain and a fever. Y. enterocolitica was not isolated from a stool culture; however, he was diagnosed with ReA based on the colonoscopic findings of a high anti-Y. enterocolitica antibody titer and HLA-B27 antigen positivity. Following treatment with methotrexate and steroids, his arthritis improved...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501669/an-update-on-bacterial-brain-abscess-in-immunocompetent-patients
#3
REVIEW
R Sonneville, R Ruimy, N Benzonana, L Riffaud, A Carsin, J-M Tadié, C Piau, M Revest, P Tattevin
BACKGROUND: Brain abscess is a focal infection of the brain, that begins as a localized area of cerebritis. In immunocompetent patients, bacteria are responsible for >95% of brain abscess, and enter the brain either through contiguous spread following otitis, sinusitis, neurosurgery, or cranial trauma, or through hematogenous dissemination. AIMS: To identify recent advents in the field. Sources We searched Medline and Embase for articles published during years 2012-2016, with the keywords 'brain', and 'abscess'...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487683/trans-cinnamaldehyde-carvacrol-and-eugenol-reduce-campylobacter-jejuni-colonization-factors-and-expression-of-virulence-genes-in-vitro
#4
Abhinav Upadhyay, Komala Arsi, Basanta R Wagle, Indu Upadhyaya, Sandip Shrestha, Ann M Donoghue, Dan J Donoghue
Campylobacter jejuni is a major foodborne pathogen that causes severe gastroenteritis in humans characterized by fever, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. In the human gut, Campylobacter adheres and invades the intestinal epithelium followed by cytolethal distending toxin mediated cell death, and enteritis. Reducing the attachment and invasion of Campylobacter to intestinal epithelium and expression of its virulence factors such as motility and cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) production could potentially reduce infection in humans...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484685/vi-capsular-polysaccharide-produced-by-recombinant-salmonella-enterica-serovar-paratyphi-a-confers-immunoprotection-against-infection-by-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi
#5
Kun Xiong, Chunyue Zhu, Zhijin Chen, Chunping Zheng, Yong Tan, Xiancai Rao, Yanguang Cong
Enteric fever is predominantly caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A, and accounts for an annual global incidence of 26.9 millions. In recent years, the rate of S. Paratyphi A infection has progressively increased. Currently licensed vaccines for typhoid fever, live Ty21a vaccine, Vi subunit vaccine, and Vi-conjugate vaccine, confer inadequate cross immunoprotection against enteric fever caused by S. Paratyphi A. Therefore, development of bivalent vaccines against enteric fever is urgently required...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484494/antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-enterica-serovars-typhi-and-paratyphi-isolates-from-a-general-hospital-in-karawaci-tangerang-indonesia-a-five-year-review
#6
Nata Pratama Hardjo Lugito, Cucunawangsih
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever known as enteric fever pose important global public health problem, with 21.6 million cases and approximately 250,000 deaths annually. It is a prevalent disease in Indonesia, but data on the antimicrobial resistance pattern is limited. This study aim was to provide data on the antimicrobial resistance pattern of S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi bloodstream isolates in a general hospital in Karawaci, Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia, during the period of January 2011 to December 2015. Susceptibility against antimicrobials was detected according to the guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461184/failed-minimally-invasive-staged-treatment-of-a-giant-symptomatic-aortic-perigraft-hygroma-after-open-aortic-repair
#7
Andrés Reyes Valdivia, Africa Duque Santos, Francisco Alvarez Marcos, Alvaro Osorio Ruiz, Julia Ocaña Guaita, Claudio Gandarias Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: Perigraft hygromas or seromas are an unusual finding and/or complication after open aortic repair. CASE REPORT: We present a case of an 82 year-old man with a previous urgent aortic bifurcated graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. He received several treatments due to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), requiring a Bogota Bag and colostomy derivation. He was finally discharged home and lost on follow-up. Eight years after this procedure he presented to the urgency department with an abdominal mass and pain...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453408/salmonella-typhi-associated-endogenous-endophthalmitis-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#8
Suchit D Dadia, Rohit Ramesh Modi, Shruti Shirwadkar, Nayana A Potdar, Chhaya A Shinde, Akshay Gopinathan Nair
AIM: To report a rare case of Salmonella typhi associated endogenous endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent male and to review the available literature. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: A 28-year-old immunocompetent male presented with a 3-day-old history of pain, redness and diminished vision in his left eye. Conjunctival chemosis, corneal haze, and hypopyon were noted and yellowish exudates filled the vitreous cavity. A detailed elicitation of history revealed that patient had been treated for enteric fever that presented with diarrhea and fever, two weeks prior to current presentation...
April 28, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445250/enteric-fever-in-children-in-western-sydney-australia-2003-2015
#9
Ameneh Khatami, Fouzia Khan, Kristine K Macartney
BACKGROUND: Enteric fever is a vaccine-preventable disease with cases in Australia predominantly acquired overseas. The aim of this study was to define the burden of enteric fever in children presenting to a pediatric hospital in Western Sydney between 2003 and 2015. METHODS: Cases between January 2003 and December 2013 were ascertained through medical records using ICD-coded discharge diagnoses, cross-referenced with microbiology laboratory data for all isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434420/environmental-sampling-coupled-with-real-time-pcr-and-genotyping-to-investigate-the-source-of-a-q-fever-outbreak-in-a-work-setting
#10
A Hurtado, E Alonso, I Aspiritxaga, I López Etxaniz, B Ocabo, J F Barandika, J I Fernández-Ortiz DE Murúa, F Urbaneja, R Álvarez-Alonso, I Jado, A L García-Pérez
A Q fever outbreak was declared in February 2016 in a company that manufactures hoists and chains and therefore with no apparent occupational-associated risk. Coxiella burnetii infection was diagnosed by serology in eight of the 29 workers of the company; seven of them had fever or flu-like signs and five had pneumonia, one requiring hospitalisation. A further case of C. burnetii pneumonia was diagnosed in a local resident. Real-time PCR (RTi-PCR) showed a widespread distribution of C. burnetii DNA in dust samples collected from the plant facilities, thus confirming the exposure of workers to the infection inside the factory...
April 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428786/challenge-of-humans-with-wild-type-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi-elicits-changes-in-the-activation-and-homing-characteristics-of-mucosal-associated-invariant-t-cells
#11
Rosângela Salerno-Goncalves, David Luo, Stephanie Fresnay, Laurence Magder, Thomas C Darton, Claire Jones, Claire S Waddington, Christoph J Blohmke, Brian Angus, Myron M Levine, Andrew J Pollard, Marcelo B Sztein
Gastrointestinal infections by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) are rare in industrialized countries. However, they remain a major public health problem in the developing world with an estimated 26.9 million new cases annually and significant mortality when untreated. Recently, we provided the first direct evidence that CD8(+) MAIT cells are activated and have the potential to kill cells exposed to S. Typhi, and that these responses are dependent on bacterial load. However, MAIT cell kinetics and function during bacterial infections in humans remain largely unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426114/infectious-diseases-and-migrant-worker-health-in-singapore-a-receiving-country-s-perspective
#12
Sapna P Sadarangani, Poh Lian Lim, Shawn Vasoo
Background.: Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. Methods.: A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420390/a-novel-viewrna-in-situ-hybridization-method-for-the-detection-of-the-dynamic-distribution-of-classical-swine-fever-virus-rna-in-pk15-cells
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Qianyi Zhang, Lu Xu, Yujie Zhang, Tuanjie Wang, Xingqi Zou, Yuanyuan Zhu, Yan Zhao, Cui Li, Kai Chen, Yongfang Sun, Junxiang Sun, Qizu Zhao, Qin Wang
BACKGROUND: Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious fatal infectious disease caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). A better understanding of CSFV replication is important for the study of pathogenic mechanism of CSF. With the development of novel RNA in situ Hybridization method, quantitatively localization and visualization of the virus RNA molecular in cultured cell or tissue section becomes very important tool to address these pivotal pathogenic questions. In this study, we established ViewRNA ISH method to reveal the dynamic distribution of CSFV RNA in PK15 cells...
April 18, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392538/listeria-monocytogenes-meningitis-complicating-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-in-an-immunocompetent-child
#14
Takuma Ohnishi, Akiko Kawano, Mayumi Araki, Yuko Hamahata, Machiko Usui, Motoko Shimoyamada, Takuya Tamame, Masayuki Akashi, Seiji Sato
Listeria monocytogenes only occasionally causes bacterial meningitis in immunocompetent children. We report a case of L. monocytogenes meningitis associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis. The patient was a previously healthy 20-month-old girl who was admitted because of sustained fever and lethargy after suffering from gastroenteritis for 6 days. The patient's peripheral white blood cell count was 18,600/µL and the C-reactive protein level was 2.44 mg/dL. A stool sample tested positive for rotavirus antigen...
April 7, 2017: Keio Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390423/caregivers-perception-of-malaria-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-for-under-five-children-in-mandura-district-west-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Israel Mitiku, Adane Assefa
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and prompt malaria treatment is essential to reduce progression of the illness to severe disease and, therefore, decrease mortality particularly among children under 5 years of age. This study assessed perception of malaria and treatment-seeking behaviour for children under five with fever in the last 2 weeks in Mandura District, West Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 491 caregivers of children under five in Mandura District, West Ethiopia in December 2014...
April 8, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376916/utilization-of-health-facilities-and-predictors-of-health-seeking-behavior-for-under-five-children-with-acute-diarrhea-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos, Girmay Medhin
BACKGROUND: Information on health-seeking behavior and utilization of health facilities in slums of Addis Ababa is scarce, impeding the implementation of effective interventions. The purpose of this study is to assess the status of health facilities utilization and predictors for health-seeking behavior of mothers/caregivers of under-five children with acute diarrhea in slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study design was employed in five rounds of surveys in seven kebeles in slums of Addis Ababa among 472 mothers/caregivers of 472 under-five children with acute diarrhea in reference to Andersen's behavioral model...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369224/an-appraisal-of-the-clinical-features-of-pediatric-enteric-fever-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-age-stratified-disease-occurrence
#17
Carl Britto, Andrew J Pollard, Merryn Voysey, Christoph J Blohmke
Children bear a substantial proportion of the enteric fever disease burden in endemic areas. Controversy persists regarding which age groups are most affected, leading to uncertainty about optimal intervention strategies. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies in Asia and Africa to compare the relative proportion of children with enteric fever in the age groups <5 years, 5-9 years, and 10-14 years. Overall, studies conducted in Africa showed a relatively smaller occurrence of disease in the youngest age group, whereas in Asia the picture was more mixed with a very large degree of heterogeneity in estimates...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367194/evaluation-of-non-structural-protein-1-ns1-positive-patients-of-2013-dengue-outbreak-in-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#18
Ghosia Lutfullah, Jawad Ahmed, Aftab Khan, Hina Ihsan, Jamshed Ahmad
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Dengue infection is an arthropod borne disease caused by Dengue virus in humans. Dengue virus infection has more potential to produce severe form of the disease with more severe symptoms. Proper diagnosis of dengue fever is very important for its safe management. The objective of this study was to evaluate the non structural protein-1 (NS1) positive parameter for identification of dengue fever by using ELISA from 2013 dengue outbreak in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. METHODS: It was a cross sectional study conducted among 384 patients tested for dengue admitted to different hospitals of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa April to December 2013 with symptoms related to classical dengue fever...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362659/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-secondary-to-metoclopramide-use-in-an-elderly-gastroenterologic-surgery-patient
#19
Richard Breeden, Heath Ford, Carey Chrisman, Charles Mascioli
An 84-year-old African American woman was admitted to the hospital secondary to severe abdominal pain accompanied by septic shock. She underwent exploratory laparotomy, which revealed extensive small bowel necrosis likely due to small bowel torsion. A small bowel resection was performed with primary anastomoses and the patient was subsequently transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU). She recovered from shock but had a persistent gastroparesis interfering with enteral feeding, for which metoclopramide was prescribed...
March 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355352/a-novel-frameshift-mutation-of-chediak-higashi-syndrome-and-treatment-in-the-accelerated-phase
#20
X L Wu, X Q Zhao, B X Zhang, F Xuan, H M Guo, F T Ma
Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is a rare autosomal recessive immunodeficiency disease characterized by frequent infections, hypopigmentation, progressive neurologic deterioration and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), known as the accelerated phase. There is little experience in the accelerated phase of CHS treatment worldwide. Here, we present a case of a 9-month-old boy with continuous high fever, hypopigmentation of the skin, enlarged lymph nodes, hepatosplenomegaly and lung infection. He was diagnosed with CHS by gene sequencing, and had entered the accelerated phase...
March 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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