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pediatric ICU nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334560/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-coordination-process-error-reporting-tool-cpert-a-prospective-clinical-surveillance-mechanism-for-teamwork-errors-in-the-pediatric-cardiac-icu
#1
Katherine E Bates, Judy A Shea, Geoffrey L Bird, Cynthia Field, Deipanjan Nandi, Robert E Shaddy, Joshua P Metlay
BACKGROUND: Patient safety reporting systems (PSRSs) may not detect teamwork or coordination process errors that affect all dimensions of quality defined by the Institute of Medicine. This study aimed to develop and observe the performance of a novel tool, the Coordination Process Error Reporting Tool (CPERT), as a prospective clinical surveillance mechanism for teamwork errors in the pediatric cardiac ICU. METHODS: Providers and parents used the qualitative nominal group technique to identify coordination process error examples...
December 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299540/psychosocial-needs-of-patient-s-relatives-and-health-care-providers-in-a-pediatric-critical-care-unit
#2
Sasidaran Kandasamy, Niranjan Vijayakumar, Rupesh Kumar Natarajan, Thangavelu Sangaralingam, Nedunchelian Krishnamoorthi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the needs of relatives of children admitted to an Intensive Care Unit and compare their needs with the perspectives of doctors, nurses and administrators. METHODS: This is a descriptive comparative study done at a tertiary care PICU from South India. A modified Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI) (internal consistency reliability =0.93) was used to assess the needs of 35 family members, 30 nurses, 30 doctors and 30 administrators...
March 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157808/improved-clinical-performance-and-teamwork-of-pediatric-interprofessional-resuscitation-teams-with-a-simulation-based-educational-intervention
#3
Elaine Gilfoyle, Deanna A Koot, John C Annear, Farhan Bhanji, Adam Cheng, Jonathan P Duff, Vincent J Grant, Cecilia E St George-Hyslop, Nicole J Delaloye, Afrothite Kotsakis, Carolyn D McCoy, Christa E Ramsay, Matthew J Weiss, Ronald D Gottesman
OBJECTIVES: To measure the effect of a 1-day team training course for pediatric interprofessional resuscitation team members on adherence to Pediatric Advanced Life Support guidelines, team efficiency, and teamwork in a simulated clinical environment. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective interventional study. SETTING: Four tertiary-care children's hospitals in Canada from June 2011 to January 2015. SUBJECTS: Interprofessional pediatric resuscitation teams including resident physicians, ICU nurse practitioners, registered nurses, and registered respiratory therapists (n = 300; 51 teams)...
February 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079605/delirium-in-critically-ill-children-an-international-point-prevalence-study
#4
Chani Traube, Gabrielle Silver, Ron W Reeder, Hannah Doyle, Emily Hegel, Heather A Wolfe, Christopher Schneller, Melissa G Chung, Leslie A Dervan, Jane L DiGennaro, Sandra D W Buttram, Sapna R Kudchadkar, Kate Madden, Mary E Hartman, Mary L deAlmeida, Karen Walson, Erwin Ista, Manuel A Baarslag, Rosanne Salonia, John Beca, Debbie Long, Yu Kawai, Ira M Cheifetz, Javier Gelvez, Edward J Truemper, Rebecca L Smith, Megan E Peters, A M Iqbal O'Meara, Sarah Murphy, Abdulmohsen Bokhary, Bruce M Greenwald, Michael J Bell
OBJECTIVES: To determine prevalence of delirium in critically ill children and explore associated risk factors. DESIGN: Multi-institutional point prevalence study. SETTING: Twenty-five pediatric critical care units in the United States, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, and Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS: All children admitted to the pediatric critical care units on designated study days (n = 994). INTERVENTION: Children were screened for delirium using the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium by the bedside nurse...
April 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057565/development-and-validation-of-a-continuously-age-adjusted-measure-of-patient-condition-for-hospitalized-children-using-the-electronic-medical-record
#5
Michael J Rothman, Joseph J Tepas, Andrew J Nowalk, James E Levin, Joan M Rimar, Albert Marchetti, Allen L Hsiao
Awareness of a patient's clinical status during hospitalization is a primary responsibility for hospital providers. One tool to assess status is the Rothman Index (RI), a validated measure of patient condition for adults, based on empirically derived relationships between 1-year post-discharge mortality and each of 26 clinical measurements available in the electronic medical record. However, such an approach cannot be used for pediatrics, where the relationships between risk and clinical variables are distinct functions of patient age, and sufficient 1-year mortality data for each age group simply does not exist...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042054/design-and-rationale-of-heart-and-lung-failure-pediatric-insulin-titration-trial-half-pint-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-tight-glycemic-control-in-hyperglycemic-critically-ill-children
#6
Michael Sd Agus, Ellie Hirshberg, Vijay Srinivasan, Edward Vincent Faustino, Peter M Luckett, Martha Aq Curley, Jamin Alexander, Lisa A Asaro, Kerry Coughlin-Wells, Donna Duva, Jaclyn French, Natalie Hasbani, Martha T Sisko, Carmen L Soto-Rivera, Garry Steil, David Wypij, Vinay M Nadkarni
OBJECTIVES: Test whether hyperglycemic critically ill children with cardiovascular and/or respiratory failure experience more ICU-free days when assigned to tight glycemic control with a normoglycemic versus hyperglycemic blood glucose target range. DESIGN: Multi-center randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Pediatric ICUs at 35 academic hospitals. PATIENTS: Children aged 2weeks to 17years receiving inotropic support and/or acute mechanical ventilation, excluding cardiac surgical patients...
February 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851704/developing-a-patient-classification-system-for-a-neonatal-icu
#7
Nancy M Daraiseh, William P Vidonish, Pam Kiessling, Li Lin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable patient classification system (PCS) for a neonatal ICU (NICU). BACKGROUND: PCSs have been widely used to determine required care hours, budgeting, and staffing. There is a lack of and a vital need for a valid and reliable pediatric PCS because of differences in needs and treatment from adults. METHODS: Data were collected in a NICU using work sampling, chart reviews, and expert opinion...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846827/nurses-perceptions-acceptance-and-use-of-a-novel-in-room-pediatric-icu-technology-testing-an-expanded-technology-acceptance-model
#8
Richard J Holden, Onur Asan, Erica M Wozniak, Kathryn E Flynn, Matthew C Scanlon
BACKGROUND: The value of health information technology (IT) ultimately depends on end users accepting and appropriately using it for patient care. This study examined pediatric intensive care unit nurses' perceptions, acceptance, and use of a novel health IT, the Large Customizable Interactive Monitor. METHODS: An expanded technology acceptance model was tested by applying stepwise linear regression to data from a standardized survey of 167 nurses. RESULTS: Nurses reported low-moderate ratings of the novel IT's ease of use and low to very low ratings of usefulness, social influence, and training...
November 15, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815753/pediatric-ethics-and-communication-excellence-peace-rounds-decreasing-moral-distress-and-patient-length-of-stay-in-the-picu
#9
Lucia Wocial, Veda Ackerman, Brian Leland, Brian Benneyworth, Vinit Patel, Yan Tong, Mara Nitu
This paper describes a practice innovation: the addition of formal weekly discussions of patients with prolonged PICU stay to reduce healthcare providers' moral distress and decrease length of stay for patients with life-threatening illnesses. We evaluated the innovation using a pre/post intervention design measuring provider moral distress and comparing patient outcomes using retrospective historical controls. Physicians and nurses on staff in our pediatric intensive care unit in a quaternary care children's hospital participated in the evaluation...
March 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787326/the-economical-furnishing-and-equipment-of-children-s-hospitals-or-wards
#10
(no author information available yet)
: Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
November 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756590/the-challenges-of-providing-effective-pain-management-for-children-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#11
REVIEW
Ahmad Ismail
Providing effective pain management is necessary for all patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Because of developmental considerations, caring for children may provide additional challenges. The purpose of this literature review is to describe key challenges in providing effective pain management in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), with the aim of bringing about a better understanding by health care providers caring for children. Challenges of providing effective pain management in the PICU can be categorized into four levels...
December 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575799/implementation-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-scoring-system-at-an-academic-medical-center
#12
Kimberly Douglas, Jerry Christopher Collado, Sheila Keller
Despite the addition of family-activated rapid response to the rapid response team algorithm, a children's hospital did not see an increase in utilization of the pediatric rapid response team. A Pediatric Early Warning Score in non-ICU pediatric inpatient units was implemented to increase the number of rapid response team activations. A retrospective review of the 130-bed facility, over a 12-month period, revealed an increase in pediatric rapid response calls, with a subsequent decrease in code team activations...
October 2016: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569573/the-provision-of-family-centred-intensive-care-bereavement-support-in-australia-and-new-zealand-results-of-a-cross-sectional-explorative-descriptive-survey
#13
Marion Mitchell, Maureen Coombs, Krista Wetzig
BACKGROUND: Caring for the bereaved is an intrinsic part of intensive care practice with family bereavement support an important aspect of the nursing role at end of life. However, reporting on provision of intensive care family bereavement support at a national level has not been well reported since an Australian paper published ten years ago. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to investigate provision of family bereavement support in intensive care units (ICU) across New Zealand (NZ) and Australia...
August 25, 2016: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355825/a-pediatric-sedation-protocol-for-mechanically-ventilated-patients-requires-sustenance-beyond-implementation
#14
Beryl F Yaghmai, Jane L Di Gennaro, Gretchen A Irby, Kristina H Deeter, Jerry J Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: To reevaluate the effect of a nursing-driven sedation protocol for mechanically ventilated patients on analgesic and sedative medication dosing durations. We hypothesized that lack of continued quality improvement efforts results in increased sedation exposure, as well as mechanical ventilation days, and ICU length of stay. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, uncontrolled before-after study. SETTING: Forty-five-bed tertiary care, medical-surgical-cardiac PICU in a metropolitan university-affiliated children's hospital...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176731/improving-communication-during-cardiac-icu-multidisciplinary-rounds-through-visual-display-of-patient-daily-goals
#16
Lindsey B Justice, David S Cooper, Carla Henderson, James Brown, Katherine Simon, Lindsey Clark, Elizabeth Fleckenstein, Alexis Benscoter, David P Nelson
OBJECTIVES: To improve communication during daily cardiac ICU multidisciplinary rounds. DESIGN: Quality improvement methodology. SETTING: Twenty-five-bed cardiac ICUs in an academic free-standing pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: All patients admitted to the cardiac ICU. INTERVENTIONS: Implementation of visual display of patient daily goals through a write-down and read-back process. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The Rounds Effectiveness Assessment and Communication Tool was developed based on the previously validated Patient Knowledge Assessment Tool to evaluate comprehension of patient daily goals...
July 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27157260/using-a-multidisciplinary-and-evidence-based-approach-to-decrease-undertriage-and-overtriage-of-pediatric-trauma-patients
#17
Mauricio A Escobar, Carolynn J Morris
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) view over- and undertriage rates based on trauma team activation (TTA) criteria as surrogate markers for quality trauma patient care. Undertriage occurs when classifying patients as not needing a TTA when they do. Over-triage occurs when a TTA is unnecessarily activated. ACS-COT recommends undertriage <5% and overtriage 25-35%. We sought to improve the under-triage and over-triage rates at our Level II Pediatric Trauma Center by updating our outdated trauma team activation criteria in an evidence-based fashion to better identify severely injured children and improving adherance to following established trauma team activation criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030932/functional-outcomes-and-physical-impairments-in-pediatric-critical-care-survivors-a-scoping-review
#18
Chengsi Ong, Jan Hau Lee, Melvin K S Leow, Zudin A Puthucheary
OBJECTIVE: Although more children are surviving critical illness, little is known about long-term physical impairment. This scoping review aims to critically appraise existing literature on functional outcome measurement tools, prevalence, and risk factors for physical impairments in pediatric critical care survivors. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, using a combination of MeSH terms and keywords (critical illness, intensive care, and functional outcomes/status)...
May 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956424/rates-of-icu-transfers-after-a-scheduled-night-shift-interprofessional-huddle
#19
Ross E Newman, Michael A Bingler, Paul N Bauer, Brian R Lee, Keith J Mann
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a scheduled interprofessional huddle among pediatric residents, nursing staff, and cardiologists on the number of high-risk transfers to the ICU. METHODS: A daily, night-shift huddle intervention was initiated between the in-house pediatric residents and nursing staff covering the cardiology ward patients with the at-home attending cardiologist. Retrospective cohort chart review identified high-risk transfers from the inpatient floor to the ICU over a 24-month period (eg, inotropic support, intubation, and/or respiratory support within 1 hour of ICU transfer)...
April 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26673842/comparison-of-the-new-adult-ventilator-associated-event-criteria-to-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-pediatric-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-definition-pnu2-in-a-population-of-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Meghan M Cirulis, Mitchell T Hamele, Chris R Stockmann, Tellen D Bennett, Susan L Bratton
OBJECTIVES: The new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention paradigm for ventilator-associated events is intended to simplify surveillance of infectious and noninfectious complications of mechanical ventilation in adults. We assessed the ventilator-associated events algorithm in pediatric patients. DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: This single-center study took place in a PICU at an urban academic medical facility...
February 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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