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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925411/birthweight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-patterns-in-multiracial-children
#1
D Sun, T Wang, Y Heianza, T Huang, X Shang, J Lv, S Li, E Harville, W Chen, V Fonseca, L Qi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prenatal growth, which is widely marked by birthweight, may have a pivotal role in affecting the lifelong risk of cardiometabolic disorders; however, comprehensive evaluation of its relations with childhood cardiometabolic risk patterns and the ethnic and gender disparities in national representative populations is still lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between birthweight and comprehensive patterns of cardiometabolic risk in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910820/prospective-investigation-of-risk-factors-for-prostate-cancer-in-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#2
Aurora Perez-Cornago, Timothy J Key, Naomi E Allen, Georgina K Fensom, Kathryn E Bradbury, Richard M Martin, Ruth C Travis
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in British men but its aetiology is not well understood. We aimed to identify risk factors for prostate cancer in British males. METHODS: We studied 219 335 men from the UK Biobank study who were free from cancer at baseline. Exposure data were collected at recruitment. Prostate cancer risk by the different exposures was estimated using multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: In all, 4575 incident cases of prostate cancer occurred during 5...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886501/global-grey-matter-volume-in-adult-bipolar-patients-with-and-without-lithium-treatment-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Yue Ran Sun, Nathan Herrmann, Christopher J M Scott, Sandra E Black, Maisha M Khan, Krista L Lanctôt
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this meta-analysis was to quantitatively summarize the evidence available on the differences in grey matter volume between lithium-treated and lithium-free bipolar patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in Cochrane Central, Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases for original peer-reviewed journal articles that reported on global grey matter volume in lithium-medicated and lithium-free bipolar patients. Standard mean difference and Hedges' g were used to calculate effect size in a random-effects model...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859159/correction-insecticide-resistance-to-permethrin-and-malathion-and-associated-mechanisms-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-from-st-andrew-jamaica
#4
Sheena Francis, Karla Saavedra-Rodriguez, Rushika Perera, Mark Paine, William C Black, Rupika Delgoda
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179673.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820754/sleep-apps-what-role-do-they-play-in-clinical-medicine
#5
Christopher P Lorenz, Adrian J Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Today's smartphones boast more computing power than the Apollo Guidance Computer. Given the ubiquity and popularity of smartphones, are we already carrying around miniaturized sleep labs in our pockets? RECENT FINDINGS: There is still a lack of validation studies for consumer sleep technologies in general and apps for monitoring sleep in particular. To overcome this gap, multidisciplinary teams are needed that focus on feasibility work at the intersection of software engineering, data science and clinical sleep medicine...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813515/correction-the-effects-of-marine-traffic-on-the-behaviour-of-black-sea-harbour-porpoises-phocoena-phocoena-relicta-within-the-istanbul-strait-turkey
#6
Aylin Akkaya Bas, Fredrik Christiansen, Ayaka Amaha Öztürk, Bayram Öztürk, Caley McIntosh
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172970.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749702/what-patients-and-providers-want-to-know-about-complementary-and-integrative-health-therapies
#7
Stephanie L Taylor, Karleen F Giannitrapani, Anita Yuan, Nell Marshall
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a quality improvement project to determine (1) what information providers and patients most wanted to learn about complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapies and (2) in what format they wanted to receive this information. The overall aim was to develop educational materials to facilitate the CIH therapy decision-making processes. DESIGN: We used mixed methods to iteratively pilot test and revise provider and patient educational materials on yoga and meditation...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749488/trends-in-provider-initiated-versus-spontaneous-preterm-deliveries-2004-2013
#8
M L Ada, M R Hacker, T H Golen, M J Haviland, S A Shainker, H H Burris
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were as follows: (i) to estimate the proportion of preterm deliveries at a tertiary perinatal center that were provider-initiated versus spontaneous before and after a 2009 policy to reduce elective early-term deliveries, and (ii)to evaluate whether shifts in type of preterm delivery varied by race/ethnicity. METHOD: We performed a retrospective cohort study of preterm deliveries over a 10-year period, 2004 to 2013, including detailed review of 929 of 5566 preterm deliveries, to designate each delivery as provider-initiated or spontaneous...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726796/three-year-change-in-endothelin-1-and-markers-of-vascular-remodelling-in-a-bi-ethnic-south-african-cohort-the-sabpa-study
#9
C S du Plooy, C M C Mels, H W Huisman, R Kruger
South Africans are at high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Endothelin-1 is known for its vasoconstrictive properties and its ability to contribute to vascular structural changes. In this study we investigated the association of change in endothelin-1 levels and change in markers implicated in vascular remodelling after 3 years. Serum endothelin-1 levels and markers of vascular remodelling such as carotid intima-media thickness, carotid cross-sectional wall area (CSWA) and arterial compliance were measured...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715978/the-role-of-efflux-pumps-in-tuberculosis-treatment-and-their-promise-as-a-target-in-drug-development-unraveling-the-black-box
#10
Lindsey H M Te Brake, Gerjo J de Knegt, Jurriaan E de Steenwinkel, Teunis J P van Dam, David M Burger, Frans G M Russel, Reinout van Crevel, Jan B Koenderink, Rob E Aarnoutse
Insight into drug transport mechanisms is highly relevant to the efficacious treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Major problems in TB treatment are related to the transport of antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs across human and mycobacterial membranes, affecting the concentrations of these drugs systemically and locally. Firstly, transporters located in the intestines, liver, and kidneys all determine the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of anti-TB drugs, with a high risk of drug-drug interactions in the setting of concurrent use of antimycobacterial, antiretroviral, and antidiabetic agents...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700366/sex-differences-in-cannabis-use-disorder-diagnosis-involved-hospitalizations-in-the-united-states
#11
He Zhu, Li-Tzy Wu
OBJECTIVES: The study examined sex differences in trend and clinical characteristics of cannabis use disorder (CUD) diagnosis involved hospitalizations among adult patients. METHODS: We analyzed hospitalization data from the 2007-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Samples for patients aged 18-64 years (N = 15,114,930). Descriptive statistics were used to characterize demographic variables and to compare the proportions of CUD diagnosis and comorbid patterns between male and female hospitalizations...
September 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685046/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-8-summary-and-recommendations-of-the-expert-panel
#12
Robert E Black, Carl E Taylor, Shobha Arole, Abhay Bang, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, A Mushtaque R Chowdhury, Betty R Kirkwood, Nazo Kureshy, Claudio F Lanata, James F Phillips, Mary Taylor, Cesar G Victora, Zonghan Zhu, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: The contributions that community-based primary health care (CBPHC) and engaging with communities as valued partners can make to the improvement of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) is not widely appreciated. This unfortunate reality is one of the reasons why so few priority countries failed to achieve the health-related Millennium Development Goals by 2015. This article provides a summary of a series of articles about the effectiveness of CBPHC in improving MNCH and offers recommendations from an Expert Panel for strengthening CBPHC that were formulated in 2008 and have been updated on the basis of more recent evidence...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641316/a-cancer-geography-paradox-poorer-cancer-outcomes-with-longer-travelling-times-to-healthcare-facilities-despite-prompter-diagnosis-and-treatment-a-data-linkage-study
#13
Melanie Turner, Shona Fielding, Yuhan Ong, Chris Dibben, Zhiqianq Feng, David H Brewster, Corri Black, Amanda Lee, Peter Murchie
BACKGROUND: Rurality and distance from cancer treatment centres have been shown to negatively impact cancer outcomes, but the mechanisms remain obscure. METHODS: We analysed the impact of travel time to key healthcare facilities and mainland/island residency on the cancer diagnostic pathway (treatment within 62 days of referral, and within 31 days of diagnosis) and 1-year mortality using a data-linkage study with 12 339 patients. RESULTS: After controlling for important confounders, mainland patients with more than 60 min of travelling time to their cancer treatment centre ((OR 1...
July 25, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632079/-no-there-is-nothing-wrong-with-your-eyes-my-letterhead-is-indeed-crooked-an-introduction-to-the-study-of-black-and-brown-lesbian-educators
#14
Bettina L Love
To date, there is a noticeable lack of studies that focus exclusively on the pedagogical practices, teaching experiences, identity, and gender performances of Black and Brown lesbian educators (BBLE). This special issue of the Journal of Lesbian Studies aims to make the hyperinvisibility of BBLE visible and proposes to fill this scholarly gap by exploring this topic from a variety of cultural and disciplinary perspectives.
September 22, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585662/medication-safety-what-nurses-should-know-about-black-box-warnings
#15
Laura G Leahy
"Safety first" has always been a nursing priority-just as medication education has been an essential nursing function. Approximately 79 million individuals of all ages, birth-to-death, were prescribed psychotropic medications in 2013. Nurses of all disciplines and who work in all practice settings must be aware of the potential safety concerns related to medications patients may be taking. Black Box Warnings (BBWs) are the strictest labeling requirements that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration can mandate...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575058/timing-of-rehabilitation-on-length-of-stay-and-cost-in-patients-with-hip-or-knee-joint-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Michael Masaracchio, William J Hanney, Xinliang Liu, Morey Kolber, Kaitlin Kirker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of early initiation of rehabilitation on length of stay (LOS) and cost following total hip arthroplasty, total knee arthroplasty, or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL, Pedro, Embase, AMED, and the Cochrane Library were searched in July 2016. Five additional trials were identified through reference list scanning. STUDY SELECTION: Eligible studies were published in English language peer-reviewed journals; included participants that had undergone total hip arthroplasty, total knee arthroplasty, or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty reported clearly defined timing of rehabilitation onset for at least two groups; and reported at least one measure of LOS or cost...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569542/-racial-bias-in-mock-juror-decision-making-a-meta-analytic-review-of-defendant-treatment-correction-to-mitchell-et-al-2005
#17
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Racial Bias in Mock Juror Decision-Making: A Meta-Analytic Review of Defendant Treatment" by Tara L. Mitchell, Ryann M. Haw, Jeffrey E. Pfeifer and Christian A. Meissner (Law and Human Behavior, 2005[Dec], Vol 29[6], 621-637). In the article, all of the numbers in Appendix A were correct, but the signs were reversed for z' in a number of studies, which are listed. Also, in Appendix B, some values were incorrect, some signs were reversed, and some values were missing. The corrected appendix is included...
June 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521801/why-are-some-people-more-fit-than-others-correlates-and-determinants-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#18
Nita Perumal, Gert B M Mensink, Thomas Keil, Jonas David Finger
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a physical condition that is now well established as a predictor of numerous adverse health outcomes, independent of physical activity levels. In order to be able to improve CRF at the population level and to develop effective interventions and public health programmes, it is important to understand why some people are more fit than others. Therefore, the primary aim of the systematic review described in this protocol is to examine individual and interpersonal factors that are correlated with or determine CRF among adults...
May 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510578/neurofeedback-as-a-form-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-therapy-following-stroke-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Tian Renton, Alana Tibbles, Jane Topolovec-Vranic
Neurofeedback therapy (NFT) has been used within a number of populations however it has not been applied or thoroughly examined as a form of cognitive rehabilitation within a stroke population. Objectives for this systematic review included: i) identifying how NFT is utilized to treat cognitive deficits following stroke, ii) examining the strength and quality of evidence to support the use of NFT as a form of cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) and iii) providing recommendations for future investigations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504619/standard-area-diagrams-for-aiding-severity-estimation-scientometrics-pathosystems-and-methodological-trends-in-the-last-25-years
#20
Emerson M Del Ponte, Sarah J Pethybridge, Clive H Bock, Sami J Michereff, Franklin J Machado, Piérri Spolti
Standard area diagrams (SAD) have long been used as a tool to aid the estimation of plant disease severity, an essential variable in phytopathometry. Formal validation of SAD was not considered prior to the early 1990s, when considerable effort began to be invested developing SAD and assessing their value for improving accuracy of estimates of disease severity in many pathosystems. Peer-reviewed literature post-1990 was identified, selected, and cataloged in bibliographic software for further scrutiny and extraction of scientometric, pathosystem-related, and methodological-related data...
July 27, 2017: Phytopathology
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