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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134479/take-flight-the-evolution-of-an-orton-gillingham-based-curriculum
#1
Jeremiah J Ring, Karen J Avrit, Jeffrey L Black
Thirty years ago in this journal, Aylett Royall Cox reported on the development of Alphabetic Phonics, a revision of the existing Orton Gillingham treatment for children with dyslexia. This paper continues that discussion and reports on the evolution of that curriculum as it is represented in a comprehensive dyslexia treatment program informed by intervention research. The paper describes the curriculum and reports data from a hospital-based learning disabilities clinic that provides qualified support for treatment efficacy and the value of added comprehension instruction...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124377/trendy-tattoos-maybe-a-serious-health-risk
#2
Felix J Paprottka, Nicco Krezdorn, Mustafa Narwan, Marvee Turk, Heiko Sorg, Ernst Magnus Noah, Detlev Hebebrand
BACKGROUND: The literature reports many cases of cutaneous malignancy in the setting of skin tattoos. In this study, we review the reported incidence of and risk factors for tattoo-associated skin cancer. METHODS: A PubMed literature review was performed for all cases of tattoo-associated skin cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, keratoacanthoma, and other rare skin malignancies (source: PubMed/until June 2017). RESULTS: The authors identified 51 publications and 63 total cases of tattoo-associated skin cancer...
November 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093538/patterns-of-childhood-body-mass-index-bmi-overweight-and-obesity-in-south-asian-and-black-participants-in-the-english-national-child-measurement-programme-effect-of-applying-bmi-adjustments-standardizing-for-ethnic-differences-in-bmi-body-fatness-associations
#3
M T Hudda, C M Nightingale, A S Donin, C G Owen, A R Rudnicka, J C K Wells, H Rutter, D G Cook, P H Whincup
BACKGROUND: The National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) records weight and height and assesses overweight-obesity patterns in English children using body mass index (BMI), which tends to underestimate body fatness in South Asian children and overestimate body fatness in Black children of presumed African ethnicity. Using BMI adjustments to ensure that adjusted BMI was similarly related to body fatness in South Asian, Black and White children, we reassessed population overweight and obesity patterns in these ethnic groups in NCMP...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065104/systemic-therapies-for-recurrent-or-metastatic-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-a-systematic-review
#4
A Prawira, S F Oosting, T W Chen, K A Delos Santos, R Saluja, L Wang, L L Siu, K K W Chan, A R Hansen
BACKGROUND: The majority of published studies in recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (RM-NPC) are single-arm trials. Reliable modelling of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) outcomes, therefore, is difficult. This study aim to analyse existent literature to estimate the relative efficacy of available systemic regimens in RM-NPC, as well as provide estimates of aggregate OS and PFS. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library to March 2015...
October 24, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064481/development-of-a-modeling-approach-to-estimate-indoor-to-outdoor-sulfur-ratios-and-predict-indoor-pm2-5-and-black-carbon-concentrations-for-eastern-massachusetts-households
#5
Chia Hsi Tang, Eric Garshick, Stephanie Grady, Brent Coull, Joel Schwartz, Petros Koutrakis
The effects of indoor air pollution on human health have drawn increasing attention among the scientific community as individuals spend most of their time indoors. However, indoor air sampling is labor-intensive and costly, which limits the ability to study the adverse health effects related to indoor air pollutants. To overcome this challenge, many researchers have attempted to predict indoor exposures based on outdoor pollutant concentrations, home characteristics, and weather parameters. Typically, these models require knowledge of the infiltration factor, which indicates the fraction of ambient particles that penetrates indoors...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048192/intersectionality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#6
Patrick R Grzanka, Carlos E Santos, Bonnie Moradi
This article introduces the special section on intersectionality research in counseling psychology. Across the 4 manuscripts that constitute this special section, a clear theme emerges: a need to return to the roots and politics of intersectionality. Importantly, the 2 empirical articles in this special section (Jerald, Cole, Ward, & Avery, 2017; Lewis, Williams, Peppers, & Gadson, 2017) are studies of Black women's experiences: a return, so to speak, to the subject positions and social locations from which intersectionality emanates...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045273/oneflorida-clinical-research-consortium-linking-a-clinical-and-translational-science-institute-with-a-community-based-distributive-medical-education-model
#7
Elizabeth Shenkman, Myra Hurt, William Hogan, Olveen Carrasquillo, Steven Smith, Andrew Brickman, David Nelson
PROBLEM: Developing a national pragmatic clinical trial infrastructure is central to understanding the effectiveness of interventions applied under usual conditions and where people receive health care. To address this challenge, three Florida universities- the University of Florida Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Florida State University (with its community-based distributive medical education model), and the University of Miami-created (2010-2013) a statewide consortium, the OneFlorida Clinical Research Consortium, to support the conduct of pragmatic clinical trials and provide mentored research experiences for medical and graduate students in real-world practice settings...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036280/invited-commentary-sex-race-differences-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-achieving-the-promise-of-sex-and-race-subgroup-analyses-in-epidemiologic-research
#8
Nathalie Moise, Alain G Bertoni
Diabetes confers a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in women than men. The reasons for these sex differences, such as poorer cardiovascular risk factor profiles, have received considerable attention. However, a recent report on sex-diabetes interactions on cardiovascular disease identified that few if any prior studies have confirmed these sex-differences in blacks, despite known diabetes-related disparities. In the current issue of the Journal, George et al. (2017) find marginally significant multiplicative sex by diabetes interactions in blacks but not whites after adjustments for traditional and behavioral risk factors, competing risk and change in diabetes status over time...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027997/microdiversification-in-genome-streamlined-ubiquitous-freshwater-actinobacteria
#9
Stefan M Neuenschwander, Rohit Ghai, Jakob Pernthaler, Michaela M Salcher
Actinobacteria of the acI lineage are the most abundant microbes in freshwater systems, but there are so far no pure living cultures of these organisms, possibly because of metabolic dependencies on other microbes. This, in turn, has hampered an in-depth assessment of the genomic basis for their success in the environment. Here we present genomes from 16 axenic cultures of acI Actinobacteria. The isolates were not only of minute cell size, but also among the most streamlined free-living microbes, with extremely small genome sizes (1...
October 13, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993709/the-association-between-bmi-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-us-population-sex-age-and-ethnicity-matters
#10
M Laxy, C Teuner, R Holle, C Kurz
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major public health problem. Detailed knowledge about the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) is indispensable in deriving effective and cost-effective prevention and weight management strategies. This study aims to describe the sex-, age-, and ethnicity-specific association between BMI and HRQL in the US adult population. METHODS: Analyses are based on pooled cross-sectional data from 41 459 participants in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) Household Component (HC) for the years 2000-2003...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983732/publishing-in-black-and-white-the-relevance-of-listing-of-scientific-journals
#11
REVIEW
Durga Prasanna Misra, Vinod Ravindran, Anupam Wakhlu, Aman Sharma, Vikas Agarwal, Vir Singh Negi
Scientific publishing, including in the field of Rheumatology, is evolving rapidly. Predatory journals are one of the major threats to contemporary publishing, especially to eager and naïve authors. In this narrative review, we discuss mechanisms that authors can employ to white list genuine scientific journals and blacklist "predatory" ones. Inclusion of a journal in reputed indices such as Medline (but not just Pubmed), Web of Science, Scopus or Embase raises the likelihood that the journal is genuine, more so if it is included in the current Journal Citation Reports...
November 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969689/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-smoking-prevalence-in-israel-and-the-united-states-progress-to-date-and-prospects-for-the-future
#12
REVIEW
Daniel S Blumenthal
An article in this journal in 2016 demonstrated that smoking prevalence among Arab men in Israel is greater than among their Jewish counterparts born in Israel, while the reverse is true among Arab and Jewish Israeli women. This is reflected in lung cancer mortality rates. In the U.S., smoking prevalence in the mid-1960s was 20% higher in African American men than in white men, but has since decreased in both groups, and smoking prevalence in the two groups is now nearly identical. The black-white disparity in lung cancer mortality rates has been reduced by more than half as compared to its zenith in the early 1990s...
October 2, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968809/the-worldwide-incidence-and-prevalence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-studies
#13
REVIEW
Frances Rees, Michael Doherty, Matthew J Grainge, Peter Lanyon, Weiya Zhang
Objectives: The aim was to review the worldwide incidence and prevalence of SLE and variation with age, sex, ethnicity and time. Methods: A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE search engines was carried out using Medical Subject Headings and keyword search terms for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus combined with incidence, prevalence and epidemiology in August 2013 and updated in September 2016. Author, journal, year of publication, country, region, case-finding method, study period, number of incident or prevalent cases, incidence (per 100 000 person-years) or prevalence (per 100 000 persons) and age, sex or ethnic group-specific incidence or prevalence were collected...
November 1, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963283/non-adherence-to-immunosuppressants-following-renal-transplantation-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#14
Abigail Hucker, Frances Bunn, Lewis Carpenter, Christopher Lawrence, Ken Farrington, Shivani Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Adherence to immunosuppressant medication is essential for renal transplant recipients. This review aims to summarise what is known about non-adherence, with a view to providing comprehensive evidence to inform strategies aimed at advancing adherent behaviour. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review of quantitative studies that report adherence to immunosuppressants in adult (over 18 years) renal transplant recipients. The review will follow the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) guidelines; study quality will be assessed using the Downs and Black checklist...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948026/design-of-the-subpopulations-and-intermediate-outcome-measures-in-copd-spiromics-air-study
#15
Nadia N Hansel, Laura M Paulin, Amanda J Gassett, Roger D Peng, Neil Alexis, Vincent S Fan, Eugene Bleecker, Russell Bowler, Alejandro P Comellas, Mark Dransfield, MeiLan K Han, Victor Kim, Jerry A Krishnan, Cheryl Pirozzi, Christopher B Cooper, Fernando Martinez, Prescott G Woodruff, Patrick J Breysse, R Graham Barr, Joel D Kaufman
INTRODUCTION: Population-based epidemiological evidence suggests that exposure to ambient air pollutants increases hospitalisations and mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but less is known about the impact of exposure to air pollutants on patient-reported outcomes, morbidity and progression of COPD. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD (SPIROMICS) Air Pollution Study (SPIROMICS AIR) was initiated in 2013 to investigate the relation between individual-level estimates of short-term and long-term air pollution exposures, day-to-day symptom variability and disease progression in individuals with COPD...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925411/birthweight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-patterns-in-multiracial-children
#16
D Sun, T Wang, Y Heianza, T Huang, X Shang, J Lv, S Li, E Harville, W Chen, V Fonseca, L Qi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prenatal growth, which is widely marked by birthweight, may have a pivotal role in affecting the lifelong risk of cardiometabolic disorders; however, comprehensive evaluation of its relations with childhood cardiometabolic risk patterns and the ethnic and gender disparities in national representative populations is still lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between birthweight and comprehensive patterns of cardiometabolic risk in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910820/prospective-investigation-of-risk-factors-for-prostate-cancer-in-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#17
Aurora Perez-Cornago, Timothy J Key, Naomi E Allen, Georgina K Fensom, Kathryn E Bradbury, Richard M Martin, Ruth C Travis
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in British men but its aetiology is not well understood. We aimed to identify risk factors for prostate cancer in British males. METHODS: We studied 219 335 men from the UK Biobank study who were free from cancer at baseline. Exposure data were collected at recruitment. Prostate cancer risk by the different exposures was estimated using multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: In all, 4575 incident cases of prostate cancer occurred during 5...
November 7, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886501/global-grey-matter-volume-in-adult-bipolar-patients-with-and-without-lithium-treatment-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Yue Ran Sun, Nathan Herrmann, Christopher J M Scott, Sandra E Black, Maisha M Khan, Krista L Lanctôt
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this meta-analysis was to quantitatively summarize the evidence available on the differences in grey matter volume between lithium-treated and lithium-free bipolar patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in Cochrane Central, Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases for original peer-reviewed journal articles that reported on global grey matter volume in lithium-medicated and lithium-free bipolar patients. Standard mean difference and Hedges' g were used to calculate effect size in a random-effects model...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859159/correction-insecticide-resistance-to-permethrin-and-malathion-and-associated-mechanisms-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-from-st-andrew-jamaica
#19
Sheena Francis, Karla Saavedra-Rodriguez, Rushika Perera, Mark Paine, William C Black, Rupika Delgoda
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179673.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820754/sleep-apps-what-role-do-they-play-in-clinical-medicine
#20
Christopher P Lorenz, Adrian J Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Today's smartphones boast more computing power than the Apollo Guidance Computer. Given the ubiquity and popularity of smartphones, are we already carrying around miniaturized sleep labs in our pockets? RECENT FINDINGS: There is still a lack of validation studies for consumer sleep technologies in general and apps for monitoring sleep in particular. To overcome this gap, multidisciplinary teams are needed that focus on feasibility work at the intersection of software engineering, data science and clinical sleep medicine...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
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