Read by QxMD icon Read

black journal

(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Does Reading a Single Passage of Literary Fiction Really Improve Theory of Mind? An Attempt at Replication" by Maria Eugenia Panero, Deena Skolnick Weisberg, Jessica Black, Thalia R. Goldstein, Jennifer L. Barnes, Hiram Brownell and Ellen Winner (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Sep 19, 2016, np). In the article, due to an error in stimulus construction, four items (three authors, one foil) were omitted from the ART presented to all participants tested by Research Group 1...
November 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Rachel M Frank, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Michael J Collins, Thomas A Arns, Austin Black, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Brian Forsythe
PURPOSE: To analyze the publication rate of poster and podium presentations at Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) annual meetings from 2008 to 2012. METHODS: An online search using PubMed and Google Scholar for all published manuscripts associated with abstracts presented from 2008 to 2012 AANA annual meetings was performed. Abstracts were classified by presentation type (poster vs podium), and the journal and publication date were recorded for all published abstracts...
October 6, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
David Moher, Philippe Ravaud
Biomedical journals continue to be the single most important conduit for disseminating biomedical knowledge. Unlike clinical medicine, where evidence is considered fundamental to practice, journals still operate largely in a 'black box' mode without sufficient evidence to drive their practice. We believe there is an immediate need to substantially increase the amount and quality of research by journals to ensure their practice is as evidence based as possible. To achieve this goal, we are proposing the development of an international 'best practice journal research network'...
October 10, 2016: BMC Medicine
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005876.].
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
James W Kazura
Onchocerciasis is one of the two filarial helminth "neglected tropical diseases" (the other being lymphatic filariasis) that has been targeted for geographically local elimination followed by global eradication. The last known areas of Onchocerca volvulus transmission in the Americas have recently been reported to be eliminated. In contrast, achieving metrics for interruption of O. volvulus transmission in Africa, thus removing the requirement for continued monitoring and mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin, has been more challenging...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Chen-Lu Liu, Wen-Tian Sun, Wen Liao, Wen-Xin Lu, Qi-Wen Li, Yunho Jeong, Jun Liu, Zhi-He Zhao
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the colour stabilities of three types of orthodontic clear aligners exposed to staining agents in vitro. Sixty clear orthodontic aligners produced by three manufacturers (Invisalign, Angelalign, and Smartee) were immersed in three staining solutions (coffee, black tea, and red wine) and one control solution (distilled water). After 12-h and 7-day immersions, the aligners were washed in an ultrasonic cleaner and measured with a colourimeter. The colour changes (ΔE*) were calculated on the basis of the Commission Internationale de I'Eclairage L*a*b* colour system (CIE L*a*b*), and the results were then converted into National Bureau of Standards (NBS) units...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Oral Science
Maria Victoria Fernández, Kathleen Black, David Carrell, Ben Saef, John Budde, Yuetiva Deming, Bill Howells, Jorge L Del-Aguila, Shengmei Ma, Catherine Bi, Joanne Norton, Rachel Chasse, John Morris, Alison Goate, Carlos Cruchaga
The accumulation of the toxic Aβ peptide in Alzheimer's disease (AD) largely relies upon an efficient recycling of amyloid precursor protein (APP). Recent genetic association studies have described rare variants in SORL1 with putative pathogenic consequences in the recycling of APP. In this work, we examine the presence of rare coding variants in SORL1 in three different European American cohorts: early-onset, late-onset AD (LOAD) and familial LOAD.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 21 September 2016; doi:10...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jimmy T Efird, Suzanne E Judd, Virginia J Howard, George Howard, Leslie A McClure
Several reports have suggested that particulate matter (PM) exposure increases the risk for atrial arrhythmias. However, data from large-scale epidemiologic studies supporting this hypothesis are lacking. We examined the association of PM <2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) concentration with premature atrial contractions (PACs) in 26,609 (mean age=65±9.4 years; 55% female; 41% black) participants from the REGARDS (REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke) study. Estimates of short- (2 weeks) and long-term (1 year) PM2...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Yasamin Kusunoki, Jennifer S Barber, Elizabeth J Ela, Amelia Bucek
This study examines black-white and other sociodemographic differences in young women's sexual and contraceptive behaviors, using new longitudinal data from a weekly journal-based study of 1,003 18- to 19-year-old women spanning 2.5 years. We investigate hypotheses about dynamic processes in these behaviors during early adulthood in order to shed light on persisting racial differences in rates of unintended pregnancies in the United States. We find that net of other sociodemographic characteristics and adolescent experiences with sex and pregnancy, black women spent less time in relationships and had sex less frequently in their relationships than white women, but did not differ in the number of relationships they formed or in their frequency or consistency of contraceptive use within relationships...
October 2016: Demography
Fatima Toor, Jeffrey B Miller, Lauren M Davidson, Logan Nichols, Wenqi Duan, Michael P Jura, Joanne Yim, Joanne Forziati, Marcie R Black
There are a range of different methods to generate a nanostructured surface on silicon (Si) but the most cost effective and optically interesting is the metal assisted wet chemical etching (MACE) (Koynov et al 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 203107). MACE of Si is a controllable, room-temperature wet-chemical technique that uses a thin layer of metal to etch the surface of Si, leaving behind various nano- and micro-scale surface features or 'black silicon'. MACE-fabricated nanowires (NWs) provide improved antireflection and light trapping functionality (Toor et al 2016 Nanoscale 8 15448-66) compared with the traditional 'iso-texturing' (Campbell and Green 1987 J...
October 14, 2016: Nanotechnology
C L Woolfolk, L M Harper, L Flick, K Mathews, J J Chang
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial differences in the association between gestational weight gain and preterm birth subtypes among adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 211 403 adolescents using 2012 United States natality data. The outcome was preterm birth and the primary exposure was gestational weight gain. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios, stratified by race and body mass index (BMI)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Jonathan M Gaffin, Carter R Petty, Marissa Hauptman, Choong-Min Kang, Jack M Wolfson, Yara Abu Awad, Qian Di, Peggy S Lai, William J Sheehan, Sachin Baxi, Brent A Coull, Joel D Schwartz, Diane R Gold, Petros Koutrakis, Wanda Phipatanakul
Outdoor air pollution penetrates buildings and contributes to total indoor exposures. We investigated the relationship of indoor to outdoor particulate matter in inner-city school classrooms. The School Inner City Asthma Study investigates the effect of classroom-based environmental exposures on students with asthma in the northeast United States. Mixed effects linear models were used to determine the relationships between indoor PM2.5 (particulate matter) and black carbon (BC), and their corresponding outdoor concentrations, and to develop a model for predicting exposures to these pollutants...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Rebecca K Simmons, Knut Borch-Johnsen, Torsten Lauritzen, Guy Ehm Rutten, Annelli Sandbæk, Maureen van den Donk, James A Black, Libo Tao, Edward Cf Wilson, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Stephen J Sharp, Nicholas J Wareham, Simon J Griffin
BACKGROUND: Intensive treatment (IT) of cardiovascular risk factors can halve mortality among people with established type 2 diabetes but the effects of treatment earlier in the disease trajectory are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the cost-effectiveness of intensive multifactorial treatment of screen-detected diabetes. DESIGN: Pragmatic, multicentre, cluster-randomised, parallel-group trial. SETTING: Three hundred and forty-three general practices in Denmark, the Netherlands, and Cambridge and Leicester, UK...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
A E Martin, J A D'Agostino, M Passarella, S A Lorch
OBJECTIVE: Nurses provide parental support and education in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), but it is unknown if satisfaction and expectations about nursing care differ between racial groups. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort was constructed of families with a premature infant presenting to primary care between 1 January 2010 and 1 January 2013 (N=249, 52% white, 42% black). Responses to questions about satisfaction with the NICU were analyzed in ATLAS...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Roisin Mooney, Daksha Trivedi, Shivani Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Individuals from Black and Asian Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups are less likely to receive a diagnosis and to engage with treatment for depression. This review aims to draw on international literature to summarise what is known about how people specifically of South Asian origin, migrants and non-migrants, understand and experience depressive symptoms. The resulting evidence base will further inform practices aimed at encouraging help-seeking behaviour and treatment uptake...
2016: BMJ Open
Melody S Goodman, Keon L Gilbert, Darrell Hudson, Laurel Milam, Graham A Colditz
IMPORTANCE: There are more than 500 articles in the 2014 race-based healthcare disparities literature across a broad array of diseases and outcomes. However, unlike many other forms of research (e.g., clinical trials and systematic reviews), there are no required reporting guidelines when submitting results of disparities studies to journals. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the race-based healthcare disparities measurement literature in terms of study design, journal characteristics, generation of health disparities research, type of disparity measure used, and adherence to disparities measurement guidelines...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Richard Ofori-Asenso, Petra Brhlikova, Allyson M Pollock
BACKGROUND: Rational medicine use is essential to optimize quality of healthcare delivery and resource utilization. We aim to conduct a systematic review of changes in prescribing patterns in the WHO African region and comparison with WHO indicators in two time periods 1995-2005 and 2006-2015. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in PubMed, Scopus, Web of science, Africa-Wide Nipad, Africa Journals Online (AJOL), Google scholar and International Network for Rational Use of Drugs (INRUD) Bibliography databases to identify primary studies reporting prescribing indicators at primary healthcare centres (PHCs) in Africa...
2016: BMC Public Health
M F Weems, I Graetz, R Lan, L R DeBaer, G Beeman
OBJECTIVE: Mobile communication with the medical-care team has the potential to decrease stress among parents of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). We assessed mobile use and communication preferences in a population of urban minority NICU mothers. STUDY DESIGN: A 30-question English language survey was administered to mothers of NICU patients. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 217 mothers, 75% were Black, and 75% reported annual household income below $20 000...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Gretchen A Stevens, Leontine Alkema, Robert E Black, J Ties Boerma, Gary S Collins, Majid Ezzati, John T Grove, Daniel R Hogan, Margaret C Hogan, Richard Horton, Joy E Lawn, Ana Marušić, Colin D Mathers, Christopher J L Murray, Igor Rudan, Joshua A Salomon, Paul J Simpson, Theo Vos, Vivian Welch
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002056.].
August 2016: PLoS Medicine
Anthony M Meyers
INTRODUCTION: An often-quoted remark is to present problems as challenges, which invariably end up in the "in-box", eventually to be swept under the carpet. The chronic kidney disease burden in the South African black population poses a challenging crisis requiring immediate intervention even in a country with limited resources. Aims, materials, and methods: The National Kidney Foundation of South Africa (NKFSA) reports on 3 major projects. The schools project is aimed at prevention, early diagnosis, and appropriate management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on a national basis...
July 29, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"