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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727509/music-and-on-task-behaviors-in-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Shannon Titus Dieringer, David L Porretta, Diane Sainato
The purpose of our study was to determine the effect of music (music with lyrics versus music with lyrics plus instruction) relative to on-task behaviors in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a gross motor setting. Five preschool children (4 boys, 1 girl) diagnosed with ASD served as participants. A multiple baseline across participants in conjunction with an alternating-treatment design was used. For all participants, music with lyrics plus instruction increased on-task behaviors to a greater extent than did music with lyrics...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703319/brain-carnitine-deficiency-causes-nonsyndromic-autism-with-an-extreme-male-bias-a-hypothesis
#2
REVIEW
Arthur L Beaudet
Could 10-20% of autism be prevented? We hypothesize that nonsyndromic or "essential" autism involves extreme male bias in infants who are genetically normal, but they develop deficiency of carnitine and perhaps other nutrients in the brain causing autism that may be amenable to early reversal and prevention. That brain carnitine deficiency might cause autism is suggested by reports of severe carnitine deficiency in autism and by evidence that TMLHE deficiency - a defect in carnitine biosynthesis - is a risk factor for autism...
July 13, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691542/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-york-measure-of-quality-of-intensive-behavioral-intervention
#3
Ulrika Långh, Elodie Cauvet, Martin Hammar, Sven Bölte
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is widely applied in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Little research has addressed the significance of adherence to EIBI practices for treatment outcomes. The York Measure of Quality of Intensive Behavioral Intervention (YMQI) was designed to assess EIBI quality delivery in Ontario, Canada. The objective of this study was to examine the cross-cultural validity of the YMQI in a clinical Swedish community sample of 30 boys and four girls with autism aged 2...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685398/developmental-changes-in-pretend-play-from-22-to-34-months-in-younger-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Susan B Campbell, Amanda S Mahoney, Jessie Northrup, Elizabeth L Moore, Nina B Leezenbaum, Celia A Brownell
Developmental trajectories of children's pretend play and social engagement, as well as parent sensitivity and stimulation, were examined in toddlers with an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, high risk; HR) and toddlers with typically-developing older siblings (low risk; LR). Children (N = 168, 97 boys, 71 girls) were observed at 22, 28, and 34 months during free play with a parent and elicited pretend play with an examiner. At 28 and 34 months, children were asked to imagine the consequences of actions pantomimed by the examiner on a pretend transformation task...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680319/increased-hyperacusis-with-risperidone-in-an-autistic-child
#5
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Özge Gizli Çoban, Esin Özatalay
Autistic spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by qualitative impairment in social interactions and communication skills. In addition to these core features, sensory processing abnormalities such as auditory hypersensitivity have been frequently reported. Although the cause of auditory hypersensitivity remains unknown, it is thought to be associated with decreased inhibitory processing, possibly resulting from an abnormal sensory gating system or dysfunction of inhibitory interneurons...
June 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671426/vaccine-adverse-events-separating-myth-from-reality
#6
Jeanne P Spencer, Ruth H Trondsen Pawlowski, Stephanie Thomas
Vaccines are one of the most successful medical advances in modern times. Most vaccine-preventable illnesses are unfamiliar to modern parents. Because of this, parents are increasingly questioning the necessity of immunizing their children, especially because no vaccine is completely free of adverse effects or the risk of complications. Family physicians should be aware of the risks and benefits of recommended immunizations. Thimerosal is currently used only in multidose vials of influenza vaccine, and exposure through vaccines is not associated with adverse neurologic outcomes...
June 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664504/assessment-of-gender-and-age-effects-on-serum-and-hair-trace-element-levels-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Anatoly V Skalny, Natalia V Simashkova, Anastasia A Skalnaya, Tatiana P Klyushnik, Geir Bjørklund, Margarita G Skalnaya, Alexey A Tinkov
The primary objective of the present study was to investigate the levels of essential trace elements in hair and serum in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and investigate the age and gender effects. Children with ASD were characterized by significantly higher levels of copper (Cu) (+8%), iron (Fe) (+5%), and selenium (Se) (+13%) levels in hair and only 8% higher serum Cu levels. After stratification for gender, ASD boys were characterized by significantly increased hair Cu (+ 25%), Fe (+ 25%), and Se (+ 9%) levels, whereas in girls only Se content was elevated (+ 15%)...
June 29, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622159/weeding-out-the-justification-for-marijuana-treatment-in-patients-with-developmental-and-behavioral-conditions
#8
Theodora Nelson, Yi Hui Liu, Kara S Bagot, Martin T Stein
Alex is a 13-year-old adolescent with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-combined type, anxiety, and depression. He has been resistant to engaging in therapy and treatment with various medications has been unsuccessful. Alex's parents are concerned about his anxiety, isolation, oppositional behaviors, academic underachievement, truancy, and substance use. A recent altercation with his stepfather led to a police intervention and a brief removal of Alex from the home...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618130/benefits-of-an-individualized-perioperative-plan-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Jo S Swartz, Karen E Amos, Mirna Brindas, Linda G Girling, M Ruth Graham
BACKGROUND: Perioperative care for children with autism spectrum disorder may be challenging. Previous investigators recommend development of an individualized perioperative management plan with caregiver involvement. AIM: The primary goal was to determine the usefulness of an individualized plan based on the decision to provide preoperative sedation stratified by autism spectrum severity level. Secondary goals were to assess the effectiveness of the plan based on subjective assessment of patient behavior at induction of anesthesia and caregiver satisfaction...
August 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545751/what-is-the-male-to-female-ratio-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Rachel Loomes, Laura Hull, William Polmear Locke Mandy
OBJECTIVE: To derive the first systematically calculated estimate of the relative proportion of boys and girls with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) through a meta-analysis of prevalence studies conducted since the introduction of the DSM-IV and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. METHOD: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. The Medline, Embase, and PsycINFO databases were searched, and study quality was rated using a risk-of-bias tool...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545673/burst-suppression-pattern-on-electroencephalogram-secondary-to-valproic-acid-induced-hyperammonemic-encephalopathy
#11
Koshi A Cherian, Alan D Legatt
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid may induce hyperammonemic encephalopathy. Various electroencephalogram (EEG) abnormalities have been documented in association with this condition, but not burst suppression, an abnormal EEG pattern that is associated with severe encephalopathy. METHODS: Serial EEGs, clinical observations, and laboratory findings were analyzed. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: This 13-year-old girl with autism and intractable epilepsy experienced increased seizures; her valproic acid dose was increased and other antiepileptic drugs were administered...
January 4, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529667/motor-problems-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#12
André B Rietman, Rianne Oostenbrink, Sanne Bongers, Eddy Gaukema, Sandra van Abeelen, Jos G Hendriksen, Caspar W N Looman, Pieter F A de Nijs, Marie-Claire de Wit
BACKGROUND: Children with the neurogenetic disorder neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) often have problems with learning and behaviour. In both parent reports and neuropsychological assessment, motor problems are reported in approximately one third to one half of the children with NF1. Studies using broad motor performance test batteries with relatively large groups of children with NF1 are limited. The aim of this cross-sectional observational study was to describe the severity of motor problems in children with NF1 and to explore the predictive value of demographics, intelligence, and behavioural problems...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524230/the-etiology-of-autistic-traits-in-preschoolers-a-population-based-twin-study
#13
Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Rosa A Hoekstra, Meike Bartels, Dorret I Boomsma
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are highly heritable, but the exact etiological mechanisms underlying the condition are still unclear. METHODS: Using a multiple rater twin design in a large sample of general population preschool twins, this study aimed to (a) estimate the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to autistic traits, controlling for the possible effects of rater bias, (b) to explore possible sex differences in etiology and (c) to investigate the discordance in autistic traits in monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514869/bullying-related-behaviour-in-adolescents-with-autism-links-with-autism-severity-and-emotional-and-behavioural-problems
#14
Elian Fink, Tjeert Olthof, Frits Goossens, Sandra van der Meijden, Sander Begeer
This study examined the association between peer-reported bullying-related behaviours (bully, victim, outsider and defender), age, gender, autism severity and teacher-rated emotional and behavioural problems in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, using a multi-informant approach. The sample comprised 120 adolescents (11% girls, Mage = 15.6 years, standard deviation = 1.89 years) attending a special school for children with autism. Results show that bullying decreased with age and was associated with behavioural problems, while victimisation was only associated with peer problems - a pattern of results comparable to studies exploring these associations in typically developing children...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480548/expanding-the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-truncating-pogz-mutations-association-with-cns-malformations-skeletal-abnormalities-and-distinctive-facial-dysmorphism
#15
Maria Lisa Dentici, Marcello Niceta, Francesca Pantaleoni, Sabina Barresi, Paola Bencivenga, Bruno Dallapiccola, Maria Cristina Digilio, Marco Tartaglia
Exome sequencing has led to the comprehension of the molecular bases of several forms of neurodevelopmental disorders, a clinically heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). De novo mutations in POGZ has been causally linked to isolated ASD and syndromic ID, only recently. Here we report on a 15 year-old girl in whom exome sequencing allowed to identify a de novo POGZ truncating mutation as the molecular cause underlying a complex phenotype apparently not fitting any recognized syndrome...
May 7, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474493/identifying-the-clinical-needs-and-patterns-of-health-service-use-of-adolescent-girls-and-women-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Ami Tint, Jonathan A Weiss, Yona Lunsky
Girls and women in the general population present with a distinct profile of clinical needs and use more associated health services compared to boys and men; however, research focused on health service use patterns among girls and women with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is limited. In the current study, caregivers of 61 adolescent girls and women with ASD and 223 boys and men with ASD completed an online survey. Descriptive analyses were conducted to better understand the clinical needs and associated service use patterns of girls and women with ASD...
May 5, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472111/spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-gaze-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-while-looking-at-classroom-scenes
#17
Takahiro Higuchi, Yuko Ishizaki, Atsushi Noritake, Yoshitoki Yanagimoto, Hodaka Kobayashi, Kae Nakamura, Kazunari Kaneko
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have neurodevelopmental impairments in social communication often refuse to go to school because of difficulties in learning in class. The exact cause of maladaptation to school in such children is unknown. We hypothesized that these children have difficulty in paying attention to objects at which teachers are pointing. We performed gaze behavior analysis of children with ASD to understand their difficulties in the classroom. The subjects were 26 children with ASD (19 boys and 7 girls; mean age, 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464352/maternal-experience-raising-girls-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#18
N Navot, A G Jorgenson, S J Webb
BACKGROUND: A growing line of research has sought to characterize the different presentations of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among boys and girls. Much less is known about maternal experience and mother-child relationship in children with ASD based on child gender. The present qualitative study aimed to investigate the mother-daughter relationship from the perspective of mothers who are raising girls with ASD with normal intelligence and functional verbal communication. METHODS: Eleven in-depth interviews were conducted with mothers of girls with ASD, ages 10-19 years...
July 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413209/duplication-17p11-2-potocki-lupski-syndrome-in-a-child-with-developmental-delay
#19
S Shuib, N N Saaid, Z Zakaria, J Ismail, Z Abdul Latiff
Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS), also known as duplication 17p11.2 syndrome, trisomy 17p11.2 or dup(17)(p11.2p11.2) syndrome, is a developmental disorder and a rare contiguous gene syndrome affecting 1 in 20,000 live births. Among the key features of such patients are autism spectrum disorder, learning disabilities, developmental delay, attention-deficit disorder, infantile hypotonia and cardiovascular abnormalities. Previous studies using microarray identified variations in the size and extent of the duplicated region of chromosome 17p11...
April 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407444/familial-18q12-2-deletion-supports-the-role-of-rna-binding-protein-celf4-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Rita Barone, Marco Fichera, Mariaclara De Grandi, Marta Battaglia, Valeria Lo Faro, Teresa Mattina, Renata Rizzo
Deletion of 18q12.2 is an increasingly recognized condition with a distinct neuropsychiatric phenotype. Twenty-two patients have been described with overlapping neurobehavioral disturbances including developmental delay, intellectual disability of variable degree, seizures, motor coordination disorder, behavioral/emotional disturbances, and autism spectrum disorders. The CUGBP Elav-like family member 4 (CELF4) gene at 18q12.2 encodes a RNA-binding protein that links to RNA subsets involved in pre- and postsynaptic neurotransmission including almost 30% of potential autism-related genes...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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