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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773950/could-autism-be-associated-with-nutritional-status-in-the-palestinian-population-the-outcomes-of-the-palestinian-micronutrient-survey
#1
Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765220/children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-selective-mutism
#2
Hanna Steffenburg, Suzanne Steffenburg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
Background: It has been suggested that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) might be a "comorbid" condition in selective mutism (SM). Methods: In this retrospective study, we examined medical records of children with SM diagnosis (n=97) at a medical center specializing in assessment of ASD. Results: Mean age for onset of SM symptoms was 4.5 years and mean age at SM diagnosis was 8.8 years. SM was more common among girls (boy:girl ratio=2...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736809/prevalence-of-the-wish-to-be-of-the-opposite-gender-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Anna I R van der Miesen, Hannah Hurley, Anneloes M Bal, Annelou L C de Vries
Several studies have suggested an overrepresentation of (symptoms of) autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among individuals with gender dysphoria. Three studies have taken the inverse approach in children with ASD and showed increased parent report of the wish to be of the opposite gender in this group. This study compared the self-reported wish to be of the opposite gender (one item of the Youth Self-Report [YSR] and the Adult Self-Report [ASR]) of 573 adolescents (469 assigned boys and 104 assigned girls) and 807 adults (616 assigned males and 191 assigned females) with ASD to 1016 adolescents and 846 adults from the general population...
May 7, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700708/brief-report-sex-differences-in-parental-concerns-for-toddlers-with-autism-risk
#4
Riane K Ramsey, Lashae Nichols, Natasha N Ludwig, Deborah Fein, Lauren B Adamson, Diana L Robins
Research on sex differences in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suggests both higher prevalence and a more easily observable presentation of core ASD symptomology in males, which may lead to sex differences in parental concerns. The current study examined whether sex and diagnosis relate to the timing, number, and types of pre-diagnosis concerns for 669 (Nmale  = 468) toddlers who screened at risk for ASD. No sex differences in parents' concerns emerged for toddlers diagnosed with ASD; however, in the overall at-risk sample, parents of boys endorsed ASD symptoms, including restricted and repetitive behaviors, more than parents of girls...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696527/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-spanish-school-age-children
#5
Paula Morales-Hidalgo, Joana Roigé-Castellví, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Núria Voltas, Josefa Canals
The present study aims to assess the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in preschool and school-age children following a two-phase procedure. The screening phase was performed on a sample of 5555 children taking into account parent and teacher information. The individual assessment included the ADI-R, ADOS-2 and Wechsler scales. The estimated prevalence was 1.55% in preschoolers and 1.00% in school-age children. Between 1.84 and 2.59% of the children exhibited subclinical diagnosis. The male-to-female ratio was around 4:1...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672866/the-development-of-autistic-social-traits-across-childhood-and-adolescence-in-males-and-females
#6
William Mandy, Liz Pellicano, Beate St Pourcain, David Skuse, Jon Heron
BACKGROUND: Autism is a dimensional condition, representing the extreme end of a continuum of social competence that extends throughout the general population. Currently, little is known about how autistic social traits (ASTs), measured across the full spectrum of severity, develop during childhood and adolescence, including whether there are developmental differences between boys and girls. Therefore, we sought to chart the trajectories of ASTs in the general population across childhood and adolescence, with a focus on gender differences...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617515/development-of-white-matter-circuitry-in-infants-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#7
Meghan R Swanson, Jason J Wolff, Mark D Shen, Martin Styner, Annette Estes, Guido Gerig, Robert C McKinstry, Kelly N Botteron, Joseph Piven, Heather C Hazlett
Importance: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic neurodevelopmental disorder and the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability in males. However, there are no published data on brain development in children with FXS during infancy. Objective: To characterize the development of white matter at ages 6, 12, and 24 months in infants with FXS compared with that of typically developing controls. Design, Setting, and Participants: Longitudinal behavioral and brain imaging data were collected at 1 or more time points from 27 infants with FXS and 73 typically developing controls between August 1, 2008, and June 14, 2016, at 2 academic medical centers...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609622/16p11-2-microdeletion-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
D Dell'Edera, C Dilucca, A Allegretti, F Simone, M G Lupo, C Liccese, R Davanzo
BACKGROUND: The recurrent ∼ 600 kb 16p11.2 microdeletion is among the most commonly known genetic etiologies of autism spectrum disorder, overweightness, and related neurodevelopmental disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient is a 2-year-old white girl from the first pregnancy of a non-consanguineous healthy young white couple (father 33-years old and mother 29-years old). Our patient and her parents' DNA were analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization-array platform...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602719/reincarnation-type-presentations-of-children-with-high-functioning-autism-in-sri-lanka
#9
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
Autism is characterised by impaired social communication and restricted repetitive behaviours. However, language and intelligence are spared in high-functioning individuals. The symptomatology is complex and culturally diverse. Buddhists and Hindus believe in rebirth and reincarnation type presentations in children are frequently seen among these populations. Here we describe three children from Sri Lanka claiming memories of their past lives and later diagnosed to have high-functioning autism. The first, a seven-year-old Buddhist believes he was killed by terrorists as a soldier in his previous life and attributed his birthmark to be an injury which caused death...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601216/sex-gender-differences-in-screening-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-implications-for-evidence-based-assessment
#10
Spencer C Evans, Andrea D Boan, Catherine Bradley, Laura A Carpenter
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed more often in boys than in girls; however, little is known about the nature of this sex/gender discrepancy or how it relates to diagnostic assessment practices. This study examined the performance of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) in screening for ASD among boys and girls. Data were drawn from the South Carolina Children's Educational Surveillance Study, a population-based study of ASD prevalence among children 8-10 years of age. Analyses were conducted using SCQ data from 3,520 children, with direct assessment data from 272 with elevated SCQ scores...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584590/maternal-thyroid-function-in-early-pregnancy-and-child-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-danish-nationwide-case-cohort-study
#11
Stine Linding Andersen, Stig Andersen, Peter Vestergaard, Jørn Olsen
BACKGROUND: Maternal thyroid dysfunction may adversely affect fetal brain development, but more evidence is needed to refine this hypothesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential fetal programming by abnormal maternal thyroid function on child neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS: The design was a case-cohort study within the Danish National Birth Cohort (1997-2003). From the eligible cohort of 71,706 women, a random 12% sub-cohort (n = 7624) was selected, and all women (n = 2276) whose child was diagnosed with seizures, specific developmental disorder (SDD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) up to December 31, 2010, were identified...
April 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565002/quality-of-life-among-parents-of-south-african-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Ayman Alhazmi, Reneva Petersen, Kirsten A Donald
OBJECTIVE: To describe the quality of life (QOL) of South African parents caring for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as compared with parents of typically developing (TD) children from the same community. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done evaluating the QOL of parents of 52 children (26 parents of children with ASD versus 26 parents of TD children) using a structured measure, (World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment-BREF). RESULTS: The mean age of the children with ASD was 64...
March 22, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556724/de-novo-apparent-loss-of-function-mutations-in-prr12-in-three-patients-with-intellectual-disability-and-iris-abnormalities
#13
Magalie S Leduc, Marianne Mcguire, Suneeta Madan-Khetarpal, Damara Ortiz, Susan Hayflick, Kory Keller, Christine M Eng, Yaping Yang, Weimin Bi
PRR12 encodes a proline-rich protein nuclear factor suspected to be involved in neural development. Its nuclear expression in fetal brains and in the vision system supports its role in brain and eye development more specifically. However, its function and potential role in human disease has not been determined. Recently, a de novo t(10;19) (q22.3;q13.33) translocation disrupting the PRR12 gene was detected in a girl with intellectual disability and neuropsychiatric alterations. Here we report on three unrelated patients with heterozygous de novo apparent loss-of-function mutations in PRR12 detected by clinical whole exome sequencing: c...
March 19, 2018: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551982/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-anxiety-in-a-clinical-dutch-sample-of-children-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Lieke A M W Wijnhoven, Daan H M Creemers, Ad A Vermulst, Isabela Granic
Anxiety is highly prevalent in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is inconsistency in studies investigating the prevalence and risk factors of anxiety in children with ASD. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to give an overview of the prevalence of anxiety symptoms in a clinical Dutch sample of children with ASD. The second aim was to investigate age, gender, ASD subtype, and IQ as potential risk factors for anxiety in this sample. In total, 172 children with ASD (age, 8-15 years) and their parents participated in this study...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549886/an-atypical-autistic-phenotype-associated-with-a-2q13-microdeletion-a-case-report
#15
Jokthan Guivarch, Clarisse Chatel, Jeremie Mortreux, Chantal Missirian, Nicole Philip, François Poinso
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders are serious neurodevelopmental disorders that affect approximately 1% of the population. These disorders are substantially influenced by genetics. Several recent linkage analyses have examined copy number variations associated with autism risk. Microdeletion of the 2q13 region is considered a pathogenic copy number variation. This microdeletion is involved in developmental delays, congenital heart defects, dysmorphism, and various psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorders...
March 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546821/-asperger-syndrome-and-or-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis-a-differential-diagnostic-challenge
#16
Stefanie J Schmidt, Ayla Behar, Frauke Schultze-Lutter
Asperger Syndrome and/or Clinical High Risk of Psychosis? A Differential Diagnostic Challenge This case-study deals with the often difficult differential diagnosis of Asperger syndrome and a clinical high risk state of psychosis, in particular as indicated by attenuated psychotic symptoms, as well as with its therapeutic implications. The presented case is a 10-year old girl, who has not been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder before being referred to a specialized center for early detection of psychosis due to possible hallucinatory experiences and delusional ideas...
March 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540864/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-extended-release-guanfacine-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-adhd-symptoms-an-analysis-of-secondary-outcome-measures
#17
Laura C Politte, Lawrence Scahill, Janet Figueroa, James T McCracken, Bryan King, Christopher J McDougle
In a prior report, we showed that extended-release guanfacine (GEXR) is safe and effective for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) accompanied by ADHD symptoms. Here, we examine the impact of GEXR on oppositional behavior, anxiety, repetitive behavior, and sleep disturbance. Sixty-two subjects with ASD (53 boys, 9 girls; ages 5-14 years) were randomly assigned to GEXR (n = 30) or placebo (n = 32) for 8 weeks. Outcomes include the Home Situation Questionnaire-Modified for ASD (HSQ-ASD), Anxiety scale of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (CASI), Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale-Modified for ASD (CYBOCS-ASD), and Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ)...
February 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534967/mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-dopaminergic-neurons-differentiated-from-exfoliated-deciduous-tooth-derived-pulp-stem-cells-of-a-child-with-rett-syndrome
#18
Saki Hirofuji, Yuta Hirofuji, Hiroki Kato, Keiji Masuda, Haruyoshi Yamaza, Hiroshi Sato, Fumiko Takayama, Michiko Torio, Yasunari Sakai, Shouichi Ohga, Tomoaki Taguchi, Kazuaki Nonaka
Rett syndrome is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder associated with psychomotor impairments, autonomic dysfunctions and autism. Patients with Rett syndrome have loss-of-function mutations in MECP2, the gene encoding methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2). Abnormal biogenic amine signaling and mitochondrial function have been found in patients with Rett syndrome; however, few studies have analyzed the association between these factors. This study investigated the functional relationships between mitochondria and the neuronal differentiation of the MeCP2-deficient stem cells from the exfoliated deciduous teeth of a child with Rett syndrome...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522267/alterations-in-plasma-cytokine-levels-in-chinese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Chun-Chun Hu, Xiu Xu, Guo-Liang Xiong, Qiong Xu, Bing-Rui Zhou, Chun-Yang Li, Qi Qin, Chun-Xue Liu, Hui-Ping Li, Yun-Jun Sun, Xiang Yu
Genetic alterations, together with environmental risk factors during infancy and childhood, contribute significantly to the etiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition characterized by impairments in social interaction and restricted, repetitive behaviors. Mounting evidence points to a critical contribution of immunological risk factors to the development of ASD. By affecting multiple neurodevelopmental processes, immune system dysfunction could act as a point of convergence between genetics and environmental factors in ASD...
March 9, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478806/prenatal-exposure-to-organophosphate-pesticides-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-other-non-typical-development-at-3-years-in-a-high-risk-cohort
#20
Claire Philippat, Jacqueline Barkoski, Daniel J Tancredi, Bill Elms, Dana Boyd Barr, Sally Ozonoff, Deborah H Bennett, Irva Hertz-Picciotto
INTRODUCTION: Organophosphates are widely used pesticides that have been shown to affect child neurodevelopment. Previous studies that explored their potential effects on Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) relied either on proxies of external exposure or on questionnaires completed by the parents to identify autism-like behaviors but did not provide a clinical diagnosis of ASD. AIMS: We studied the associations between prenatal biologic markers for exposure to organophosphate pesticides and the risk of having a child with ASD or other developmental concerns (ODC)...
April 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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