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Allied health

Gisselle Gallego, Angela Dew, Michelle Lincoln, Anita Bundy, Rebecca Jean Chedid, Kim Bulkeley, Jennie Brentnall, Craig Veitch
In Australia and around the world, people with disability and their carers living in rural areas face additional challenges compared to their urban-dwelling counterparts. This cross-sectional study explored current access to therapy services for people with disability living in western New South Wales as reported by their primary carers. Data were collected using an online and paper survey distributed to carers, from December 2012 until June 2013. Information was sought about the carers, the person they care for, access to physiotherapy, speech pathology, occupational therapy and psychology services...
October 17, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
Tom Porter, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention measures might reduce the impact of injury on footballers and football clubs. Increasing research has evaluated the use of exercise for injury prevention. However, research has focused on adolescent females. No high-quality systematic reviews have evaluated the efficacy of all forms of exercise on preventing injury in adult male football. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise in preventing injury in adult male football...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Laura R Matthews, Linda OʼDwyer, Erica OʼNeill
OBJECTIVE: To examine rates of intrauterine device (IUD) insertion failure with and without prior misoprostol administration. Additional outcomes included difficulty of insertion, subjective pain, expulsion, and complications. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches were performed in PubMed MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials,, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature for articles with the following keywords: "misoprostol," "intrauterine devices," and "IUDs...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kathleen L Sitzman, Andrea Jensen, Sang Chan
AIM: The aim was to examine the usefulness of a massive open online course (MOOC) on caring and mindfulness to a broad international audience that included nurses, allied health professionals, and others. BACKGROUND: MOOCs in higher education have been evident since 2008. Very few MOOCs on nursing topics have appeared since that time. Exploration was needed regarding how MOOCs could be employed to share nursing knowledge with national and international communities...
September 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Wendy Shulver, Maggie Killington, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Telehealth technologies, which enable delivery of healthcare services at distance, offer promise for responding to the challenges created by an ageing population. However, successful implementation of telehealth into mainstream healthcare systems has been slow and fraught with failure. Understanding of frontline providers' experiences and attitudes regarding telehealth is a crucial aspect of successful implementation. This study aims to examine healthcare worker views on telehealth, and their implications for implementation to mainstream healthcare services for older people...
October 12, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Giulio Formoso, Enrica Perrone, Susanna Maltoni, Sara Balduzzi, Jack Wilkinson, Vittorio Basevi, Anna Maria Marata, Nicola Magrini, Roberto D'Amico, Chiara Bassi, Emilio Maestri
BACKGROUND: Tibolone is a synthetic steroid used for the treatment of menopausal symptoms, on the basis of short-term data suggesting its efficacy. We considered the balance between the benefits and risks of tibolone. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of tibolone for treatment of postmenopausal and perimenopausal women. SEARCH METHODS: In October 2015, we searched the Gynaecology and Fertility Group (CGF) Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase and PsycINFO (from inception), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and clinicaltrials...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Stephen Barnett, Sandra C Jones, Sue Bennett, Don Iverson, Laura Robinson
BACKGROUND: Professional isolation is an important factor in low rural health workforce retention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insights to inform the development of an implementation plan for a virtual community of practice (VCoP) for general practice (GP) training in regional Australia. The study also aimed to assess the applicability of the findings of an existing framework in developing this plan. This included ascertaining the main drivers of usage, or usefulness, of the VCoP for users and establishing the different priorities between user groups...
August 18, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Amy O'Donnell, Catherine McParlin, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 85% of all women during pregnancy, but for the majority self-management suffices. For the remainder, symptoms are more severe and the most severe form of NVP - hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) - affects 0.3-1.0% of pregnant women. There is no widely accepted point at which NVP becomes HG. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatments for NVP and HG...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Rohit Ravi, Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Krishna Yerraguntla, Leslie E Lewis, Carlie Driscoll, Bellur Rajashekhar
INTRODUCTION: The quality and efficiency of newborn hearing screening programs (NHS) rely heavily on appropriate follow-up. The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing recommends a follow-up rate of more than 95% of infants who fail the initial hearing screening. However, a 70% benchmark is considered to be more feasible. This high loss to follow-up (LTF) rate acts as a threat to the overall success of NHS programs. The objective of the study was to identify and examine the reported rates of LTF, attributed reasons for LTF and strategies undertaken to reduce LTF...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Anna L Altshuler, Brian T Nguyen, Halley E M Riley, Marilyn L Tinsley, Özge Tuncalp
CONTEXT: Although some women may desire the involvement of their partners when obtaining abortion care, male partners are not routinely included in the abortion process. A review of the literature on how male involvement relates to women's abortion experiences may help guide facilities that are considering incorporating male partners in abortion care. METHODS: PubMed, PsycINFO (Ovid), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched without restrictions through September 23, 2015, to identify qualitative and quantitative primary studies investigating male partner accompaniment during the abortion process in noncoercive situations...
October 11, 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Gail Ewing, Clarissa Penfold, John Benson, Ravi Mahadeva, Sophie Howson, Julie Burkin, Sara Booth, Roberta Lovick, David Gilligan, Christopher Todd, Morag Farquhar
CONTEXT: Carers' needs in advanced disease, and specifically in relation to breathlessness, are well evidenced. Publications on educational interventions for carers of patients with advanced disease which focus on symptoms are scarce and absent for breathlessness. OBJECTIVES: To establish current education provided by clinicians for carers of patients with breathlessness in advanced disease, views about educating carers about breathlessness and relevant outcomes for a future randomised controlled trial (RCT) of an educational intervention for carers...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Janine Margarita Dizon, Karen Grimmer, Shingai Machingaidze, Pam McLaren, Quinette Louw
BACKGROUND: Little is known about allied health (AH) clinical practice guideline (CPG) activity in South Africa, and particularly in relation to primary health care (PHC). This paper reports on a scoping study undertaken to establish a reference framework, from which a comprehensive maximum variation sample could be selected. This was required to underpin robust sampling for a qualitative study aimed at understanding South African primary care AH therapy CPG activities. This paper builds on findings from the South African Guidelines Evaluation (Project SAGE) Flagship grant...
October 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
(no author information available yet)
This book is an informative reference guide to pathologies, illnesses and some minor injuries that nurse practitioners, paramedics, doctors and allied health professionals are likely to deal with in their daily practice. Laid out in a logical way, its outlines red flags, risk factors, causes, assessment, diagnostics, and management of various conditions.
October 6, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
C A Bauman, H W Barkema, J Dubuc, G P Keefe, D F Kelton
The objective of this study was to identify the key management and disease issues affecting the Canadian dairy industry. An online questionnaire (FluidSurveys, was conducted between March 1 and May 31, 2014. A total of 1,025 responses were received from across Canada of which 68% (n = 698) of respondents were dairy producers, and the remaining respondents represented veterinarians, university researchers, government personnel, and other allied industries. Participants were asked to identify their top 3 management and disease priorities from 2 lists offered...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Muhammad H Alu'datt, Taha Rababah, Mohammad N Alhamad, Majdi A Al-Mahasneh, Ali Almajwal, Sana Gammoh, Khalil Ereifej, Ayman Johargy, Inteaz Alli
Over the last two decades, separation, identification and measurement of the total and individual content of phenolic compounds has been widely investigated. Recently, the presence of a wide range of phenolic compounds in oil-bearing plants has been shown to contribute to their therapeutic properties, including anti-cancer, anti-viral, anti-oxidant, hypoglycemic, hypo-lipidemic, and anti-inflammatory activities. Phenolics in oil-bearing plants are now recognized as important minor food components due to several organoleptic and health properties, and they are used as food or sources of food ingredients...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
John F Kelly
BACKGROUND: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a world-wide recovery mutual-help organization that continues to arouse controversy. In large part, concerns persist because of AA's ostensibly quasi-religious/spiritual orientation and emphasis. In 1990 the United States' Institute of Medicine called for more studies on AA's effectiveness and its mechanisms of behavior change (MOBC) stimulating a flurry of federally funded research. This paper reviews the religious/spiritual origins of AA and its program and contrasts its theory with findings from this latest research...
October 8, 2016: Addiction
Erin Hoare, Karen Milton, Charlie Foster, Steven Allender
BACKGROUND: With technological developments and modernised sedentary lifestyles has come an increase in diseases associated with inactivity such as obesity and other non-communicable diseases. Emerging evidence suggests that time spent sedentary may also interact with mental health. This systematic review examined the associations between sedentary behaviour and mental health problems among adolescents. METHODS: This systematic review followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, and applied a quality assessment tool for quantitative studies to identity best available evidence...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Teresa Iacono, Kellie Stagg, Natalie Pearce, Alana Hulme Chambers
BACKGROUND: Uptake of e-health, the use of information communication technologies (ICT) for health service delivery, in allied health appears to be lagging behind other health care areas, despite offering the potential to address problems with service access by rural and remote Australians. The aim of the study was to conduct a scoping review of studies into the application of or attitudes towards ehealth amongst allied health professionals conducted in Australia. METHODS: Studies meeting inclusion criteria published from January 2004 to June 2015 were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Ahmed Al-Mandhari, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Samir Al-Adawi, Samra Al-Barwani, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
BACKGROUND: The pressing need to reduce burgeoning poor safety measures affecting millions worldwide has alerted World Health Assembly to set-up mechanisms to increase patient safety. In response to such needs, World Health Organization (WHO) formulated nine life-saving patient safety solutions that would be essential to lower reduce healthcare-related harm. There is a paucity of research examining awareness of such nine patient safety solutions. This study has been designed and conducted to compare self-estimated awareness and practice of the World Health Organization's nine "Life-saving Patient Safety Solutions" aide memoirs among different groups of healthcare workers in Oman...
September 30, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Umair Baig, M A Gondal, Md Fazle Alam, Waseem A Wani, Hina Younus
Cancer and pathogenic microbial diseases have terribly affected human health over a longer period of time. In response to the increasing casualties due to cancer and microbial diseases, unique poly(3-methylthiophene) and poly(3-methylthiophene)-titanium(IV)phosphate composite were prepared via in-situ oxidative chemical polymerization in this work. The poly(3-methylthiophene) and poly(3-methylthiophene)-titanium(IV)phosphate composite were well characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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