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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914836/perioperative-retinal-artery-occlusion-risk-factors-in-cardiac-surgery-from-the-united-states-national-inpatient-sample-1998-2013
#1
Tyler Calway, Daniel S Rubin, Heather E Moss, Charlotte E Joslin, Katharina Beckmann, Steven Roth
PURPOSE: To study the incidence and risk factors for retinal artery occlusion (RAO) in cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective study using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS). METHODS: The NIS was searched for cardiac surgery. Retinal artery occlusion was identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes. Postulated risk factors based on literature review were included in multivariate logistic models...
November 30, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909825/poor-outcomes-of-gastric-cancer-surgery-after-admission-through-the-emergency-department
#2
Ian Solsky, Patricia Friedmann, Peter Muscarella, Haejin In
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after nonelective surgery for gastric cancer (GC) are poorly defined. Our objective was to compare outcomes of patients undergoing nonelective GC surgery after admission through the emergency department (EDSx) with patients receiving elective surgery or surgery after planned admission (non-EDSx) nationally. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to examine patients undergoing GC surgery between 2008 and 2012. Demographics and outcomes were compared between EDSx and non-EDSx...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899682/immigration-status-visa-types-and-body-weight-among-new-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#3
Ming-Chin Yeh, Nina S Parikh, Alison E Megliola, Elizabeth A Kelvin
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between immigration-related factors and body mass index (BMI) among immigrants. DESIGN: Secondary analyses of cross-sectional survey data. SETTING: The New Immigrant Survey (NIS-2003) contains data from in-person or telephone interviews between May and November 2003, with a probability sample of immigrants granted legal permanent residency in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 8573 US immigrants...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895959/incidence-of-adult-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-using-national-representative-patient-sample-in-korea
#4
Yuri Choi, In Ho Kwon, Jinwoo Jeong, Junyoung Chung, Younghoon Roh
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the incidence and characteristics of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in Korea based on a sample group of patients that is representative of the population. METHODS: The incidence of IHCA in adults was extracted from HIRA-NIS-2009, a sample of all patients using medical services in Korea. IHCA patients were analyzed according to gender, age, type of medical institute, and classification under the 6th revision of the Korean Standard Classification of Diseases (KCD-6)...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894736/in-hospital-mortality-with-deep-venous-thrombosis
#5
Paul D Stein, Fadi Matta, Mary J Hughes
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the in-hospital mortality of deep venous thrombosis in recent years. This investigation was undertaken to determine trends in in-hospital mortality in patients with deep venous thrombosis and mortality according to age. METHODS: Administrative data was analyzed from the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS), 2003-2012. We determined in-hospital all-cause mortality according to year and to age among patients with a primary (first-listed) diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886947/utilization-of-electroencephalogram-post-cardiac-arrest-in-the-united-states-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#6
Barret Rush, Mohammad Ashkanani, Kali Romano, Paul Hertz
OBJECTIVE: The use of electroencephalogram (EEG) has been demonstrated to have diagnostic and prognostic value in cardiac arrest patients. The use of this modality across the United States in this population is unknown. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) is a federal database capturing 20% of all US hospital admissions. A cohort of patients who suffered both in and out of hospital cardiac arrests from the 2006 to 2012 NIS datasets was created. RESULTS: The records of 55,208,382 hospitalizations were analyzed, of which 207,703 patients suffered a cardiac arrest...
November 22, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885814/trends-microbiology-and-outcomes-of-infective-endocarditis-in-children-during-2000-2010-in-the-united-states
#7
Shipra Gupta, Ankit Sakhuja, Eric McGrath, Basim Asmar
BACKGROUND: We studied the incidence, trend, underlying conditions, microbiology, and outcomes of infective endocarditis (IE) in children during 11 years using Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. This is the largest all-payer inpatient care database in the United States containing data for more than 8 million hospital stays from over 1000 hospitals. METHODS: NIS data from 2000 to 2010 of primary discharge diagnosis of IE in children aged ≤19 years old were studied...
November 25, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882553/malignant-otitis-externa-hospitalizations-analysis-of-patient-characteristics
#8
Michael J Sylvester, Saurin Sanghvi, Viral M Patel, Jean Anderson Eloy, Yu-Lan Mary Ying
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Malignant otitis externa (MOE) is a rare disorder that is not well studied in the inpatient setting. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was utilized to analyze characteristics and predischarge outcomes of hospitalized MOE patients. METHODS: MOE hospitalizations were identified in the 2002 to 2013 NIS. Patient demographics, length of hospital stay, hospital charges, concomitant diagnoses, treatment-related procedures, complications, and in-hospital mortality rates were examined, with comparisons made among age cohorts and between diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM groups...
November 24, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882375/risk-factors-for-intracranial-haemorrhage-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-treated-with-thrombolytic-therapy-development-of-the-pe-ch-score
#9
Saurav Chatterjee, Ido Weinberg, Robert W Yeh, Anasua Chakraborty, Partha Sardar, Mitchell D Weinberg, Christopher Kabrhel, Geoffrey D Barnes, Debabrata Mukherjee, Dharam Kumbhani, Riyaz Bashir, Anjali Vaidya, Akaya Smith, Barry Fuchs, Peter Groeneveld, Jay Giri
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality world-wide, and the use of thrombolytic therapy has been associated with favourable clinical outcomes in certain patient subsets. These potential benefits are counterbalanced by the risk of bleeding complications, the most devastating of which is intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). We retrospectively evaluated 9703 patients from the 2003-2012 nationwide in-patient sample database (NIS) who received thrombolytics for PE. All patients with ICH during the PE hospitalisation were identified and a clinical risk score model was developed utilizing demographics and comorbidities...
November 24, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878646/using-search-engine-query-data-to-explore-the-epidemiology-of-common-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#10
Benjamin G Hassid, Lukejohn W Day, Mohannad A Awad, Justin L Sewell, E Charles Osterberg, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND: Internet searches are an increasingly used tool in medical research. To date, no studies have examined Google search data in relation to common gastrointestinal symptoms. AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare trends in Internet search volume with clinical datasets for common gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS: Using Google Trends, we recorded relative changes in volume of searches related to dysphagia, vomiting, and diarrhea in the USA between January 2008 and January 2011...
November 23, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878098/importance-of-geographic-origin-for-invasion-success-a-case-study-of-the-north-and-baltic-seas-versus-the-great-lakes-st-lawrence-river-region
#11
Isabel Casties, Hanno Seebens, Elizabeta Briski
Recently, several studies indicated that species from the Ponto-Caspian region may be evolutionarily predisposed to become nonindigenous species (NIS); however, origin of NIS established in different regions has rarely been compared to confirm these statements. More importantly, if species from certain area/s are proven to be better colonizers, management strategies to control transport vectors coming from those areas must be more stringent, as prevention of new introductions is a cheaper and more effective strategy than eradication or control of established NIS populations...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876589/usa-hospitalizations-for-malignant-pleural-effusions-data-from-the-2012-national-inpatient-sample
#12
Niloofar Taghizadeh, Marc Fortin, Alain Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusions (MPE) are a common complication of advanced malignancy, but little is known regarding their prevalence and overall burden on a population level. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of MPE associated hospitalizations using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (HCUP-NIS 2012). Cases were included if MPE was coded as a primary or secondary diagnosis or if an unspecified pleural effusion was coded in addition to a diagnosis of cancer with either of these being the primary diagnosis...
November 19, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870973/transthoracic-doppler-echocardiography-compared-with-positron-emission-tomography-for-assessment-of-coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-the-ipower-study
#13
Marie Mide Michelsen, Naja Dam Mygind, Adam Pena, Rasmus Huan Olsen, Thomas Emil Christensen, Adam Ali Ghotbi, Philip Hasbak, Andreas Kjaer, Ida Gustafsson, Peter Riis Hansen, Henrik Steen Hansen, Nis Høst, Jens Kastrup, Eva Prescott
BACKGROUND: Coronary microvascular function can be assessed by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography as a coronary flow velocity reserve (TTDE CFVR) and by positron emission tomography as a myocardial blood flow reserve (PET MBFR). PET MBFR is regarded the noninvasive reference standard for measuring coronary microvascular function but has limited availability. We compared TTDE CFVR with PET MBFR in women with angina pectoris and no obstructive coronary artery disease and assessed repeatability of TTDE CFVR...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867886/genotype-phenotype-correlations-of-dyshormonogenetic-goiter-in-children-and-adolescents-from-south-india
#14
Bangaraiah Gari Ramesh, Panchangam Ramakanth Bhargav, Bangaraiah Gari Rajesh, Nangedda Vimala Devi, Rajagopalan Vijayaraghavan, Bhongir Aparna Varma
BACKGROUND: Dyshormonogenetic goiter is one of the most common causes of hypothyroidism in children and adolescents in iodine nonendemic areas. The exact genotype-phenotypic correlations (GPCs) and risk categorization of hypothyroid phenotypes of dyshormonogenetic mutations are largely speculative. The genetic studies in pediatric dyshormonogenesis are very sparse from Indian sub-continent. In this context, we analyzed the implications of TPO, NIS, and DUOX2 gene mutations in hypothyroid children with dyshormonogenetic hypothyroidism (DH) from South India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866915/trends-in-transcranial-doppler-monitoring-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-10-year-analysis-of-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#15
Gyanendra Kumar, Karen C Albright, John P Donnelly, Angela Hays Shapshak, Mark R Harrigan
BACKGROUND: Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is endorsed by national guidelines for use in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) for surveillance of cerebral vasospasm (CV). However, nationwide data on utilization of TCD for CV detection and monitoring in aSAH are lacking. METHODS: Analysis of nationwide trends in TCD prevalence was performed using Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data from 2002 to 2011. Raw counts were converted into weighted counts, which were used to generate national estimates...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861135/pressure-ulcers-in-the-united-states-inpatient-population-from-2008-to-2012-results-of-a-retrospective-nationwide-study
#16
Karen Bauer, Kathryn Rock, Munier Nazzal, Olivia Jones, Weikai Qu
Pressure ulcers are common, increase patient morbidity and mortality, and costly for patients, their families, and the health care system. A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the impact of pressure ulcers on short-term outcomes in United States inpatient populations and to identify patient characteristics associated with having 1 or more pressure ulcers. The US Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was analyzed using the International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9 CM) diagnosis codes as the screening tool for all inpatient pressure ulcers recorded from 2008 to 2012...
November 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856358/p2x7rs-are-involved-in-cell-death-growth-and-cellular-signaling-in-primary-human-osteoblasts
#17
Ankita Agrawal, Zanne Henriksen, Susanne Syberg, Solveig Petersen, Derya Aslan, Marie Solgaard, Nis Nissen, Tommy Korsgaard Larsen, Peter Schwarz, Thomas H Steinberg, Niklas Rye Jørgensen
The ionotropic ATP-gated P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is involved in the regulation of many physiological functions including bone metabolism. Several studies on osteoblasts from rodents and human osteoblast-like cell lines have addressed the expression and function of P2X7R on these bone-forming cells however; its role in human primary osteoblasts has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the expression of the P2X7R in bone marrow-derived stromal cells and in primary human trabecular osteoblasts and to determine the function in bone formation and cell signaling...
November 14, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846192/crohn-s-disease-is-associated-with-the-risk-for-thyroid-cancer
#18
Vaibhav Wadhwa, Rocio Lopez, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: It is known that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with a high risk for some of extraintestinal cancers. The aim of this study was to identify whether IBD is associated with thyroid cancer using a large national database. METHODS: We performed a case-control study using the 2012 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. The study group included all patients with Crohn's disease (CD) (ICD-9 Code: 555) and ulcerative colitis (UC) (ICD-9 Code: 556), and the control group included all patients with diverticulitis (ICD-9 Code: 562...
December 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836393/comparing-outcomes-of-early-late-and-non-surgical-management-of-intraspinal-abscess
#19
S Harrison Farber, Kelly R Murphy, Carter M Suryadevara, Ranjith Babu, Siyun Yang, Liqi Feng, Jichun Xie, John R Perfect, Shivanand P Lad
Intraspinal abscesses (ISAs) are rare lesions that are often neurologically devastating. Current treatment paradigms vary widely including early surgical decompression, drainage, and systemic antibiotics, delayed surgery, and sole medical management. The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was queried for cases of ISA from 2003 to 2012. Early and late surgery were defined as occurring before or after 48h of admission. Outcome measures included mortality, incidence of major complications, length of stay (LOS), and inpatient costs...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833511/patient-risk-factors-for-mechanical-wound-complications-and-postoperative-infections-after-elective-open-intestinal-resection
#20
Wei Chao Chang, Akiva Turner, Michael Imon, Anthony Dyda
BACKGROUND: Few studies focused on the construction of preoperative patient surgical risk profile using only patients' personal, social history, and comorbidity profiles. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for mechanical wound complications and postoperative infections in patients' preoperative profiles. DESIGN: Quantitative retrospective cohort study using 2009-2011 Health Care Utilization Project (HCUP) Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) databases...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
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