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S A Begum, T S Chowdhury, T Mahmud, S Chowdhury, T A Chowdhury, S J Urmi, S Khatun, A Nessa, N Fatema
A 25 years married women having one child delivered vaginaly presented in the department of Obs & Gynae, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Bangladesh on April 2013 with pelvic pain and discomfort. No history of previous pelvic trauma was present. Patient examination showed a isolated mass in the right lower abdomen, right adnexa, extending to the pelvic wall upto lower end of ureter. Tumor markers were within normal limit. Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) showed mild right hydroureter and hydronephrosis with obstruction at the lower end of ureter...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
M Mangham
Safe, patient centred care is a large part of our trust values at the Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust. Robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) is still in its infancy within our trust, and we decided to look at what we have learned so far regarding patient positioning during robotic surgery for gynae-oncology and uro-gynae procedures. We also considered what we believe needs to be achieved in order to deliver high standards of care in positioning patients during robotic surgery, not only now, but also for the future of robotic surgery...
March 2016: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Mishaela R Rubin, Eleftherios P Paschalis, Atharva Poundarik, Gyna E Sroga, Donald J McMahon, Sonja Gamsjaeger, Klaus Klaushofer, Deepak Vashishth
Fractures, particularly at the lower extremities and hip, are a complication of diabetes. In both type 1 (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), fracture risk is disproportionately worse than that predicted from the measurement of bone mineral density. Although an explanation for this discrepancy is the presence of organic matrix abnormalities, it has not been fully elucidated how advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) relate to bone deterioration at both the macroscopic and microscopic levels. We hypothesized that there would be a relationship between skeletal AGE levels (determined by Raman microspectroscopy at specific anatomical locations) and bone macroscopic and microscopic properties, as demonstrated by the biomechanical measures of crack growth and microindentation respectively...
2016: PloS One
A S M Wong, W H Li, T H Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictive factors for residual disease in hysterectomy specimens after a loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP) or cold knife conization in early-stage cervical cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review was undertaken of the clinical records and pathology reports of 108 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with early invasive cervical cancer stage IA1 to IB1 by cold knife conization or LEEP, and underwent subsequent hysterectomy or radical hysterectomy at the Gynae-oncology Unit, Queen Elizabeth Hospital between 2000 and 2012...
April 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
S P Jaiswar, S M Natu, Sujata, P L Sankhwar, Gupta Manjari
OBJECTIVES: To study correlation between ovarian reserve with biophysical markers (antral follicle count and ovarian volume) and biochemical markers (S. FSH, S. Inhibin B, and S. AMH) and use these markers to predict poor ovarian response to ovarian induction. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. One hundred infertile women attending the Obst & Gynae Dept, KGMU were recruited. Blood samples were collected on day 2/day 3 for assessment of S. FSH, S...
December 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Ioannis Gounaris, Mahesh Iddawela, Christine Parkinson, Jennie Pratt, Helen Hatcher, Bristi Basu, Li Tee Tan, James D Brenton, Helena M Earl
Intensive cisplatin and oral etoposide for relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), commonly known as the van der Burg (VDB) protocol, has been reported to improve response rates and progression-free survival. We report on all patients with relapsed EOC treated on the VDB protocol at the Cambridge Gynae-Oncology Centre. From the institutional databases, we identified all patients treated since 2001. We extracted demographic, clinical, treatment, and toxicity data and outcomes. We used Cox regression to identify predictors of survival...
March 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Eva Myriokefalitaki, M Smith, A S Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) implementation in a gynaecological oncology centre. METHOD: Non-randomised control trial, evaluating morbidity outcomes, before and after implementation of ERAS programme. All consecutive major gynaecological oncology operations performed during two specified periods were included. Data were collected prospectively for a study group in the initial 7.5 months of ERAS implementation and compared with a consecutive historic control group from the exact same period, the year before...
July 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Anisa Fawad, Ansa Islam, Humaira Naz, Talat Nelofar, Un-Nisa Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Sub-total abdominal hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which body of the uterus is removed while ovaries and cervix are preserved. The study was done with the objectives of assessing the frequency of peripartum hysterectomies, common indications and risk factors associated with this surgery. The postoperative complications including the severity of andemia in these patients and need for blood transfusion and use of blood products like fresh frozen plasma and platelet concentrates were also studied...
January 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Muhammad Adnan, Akash Tariq, Sakina Mussarat, Shaheen Begum, Naser M AbdEIsalam, Riaz Ullah
The present study was designed to document detailed ethnogynaecological knowledge of selected remote regions of Pashtun's tribe in northwest Pakistan. Semistructured questionnaires were designed to collect ethnogynaecological and ethnographic data. Total of 51 medicinal plants belonging to 36 families were documented that were used by the women of studied regions for the treatment of 9 types of gynaecological complaints. Majority of the plants (19) were found used against menses followed by 11 plants each for gonorrhea and pregnancy...
2015: BioMed Research International
L Nahar, K Nahar, M I Hossain, H Yasmin, B M Annur
A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in the Gynae and Obstetrics & Pathology department of Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital (MMCH) to see the placental changes in normal & pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) and its impacts on fetus for one year period. Total 80 placentas were collected, 40 from normal pregnant mothers having no hypertension and 40 from PIH group (one from gestational hypertension, 17 from pre-eclampsia and 22 from eclampsia. Macroscopic study of the placenta revealed placental weight, surface area and number of cotyledons were less in study group...
January 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Chris Bateman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
K Saha, S M Shahida, N I Chowdhury, G Mostafa, S K Saha, S Jahan
Low birth weight (LBW) baby predisposes to long term renal disease, adult hypertension and related cardiovascular disease. This could be due to reduced nephron number in early life. From different studies, it is becoming increasingly clear that nephron number, indirectly reflected in renal volume may be related with normal or retarded foetal growth. This prospective study was undertaken in the department of Obstetric and Gynae in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. One hundred pregnant women were included in this study and divided into two groups (IUGR and normally growing foetuses)...
October 2014: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Sunil R Lakhani
The 4 edition of the WHO classification of Tumours of the Breast was published in 2012, as a separate volume from the gynae book. The editors and the international panel of breast pathologists have attempted to produce a consensus document that will help to standardize classification worldwide. In addition to microscopic criteria that define tumour types, there is incorporation of relevant updated molecular information.Many of the diagnostic problems in clinical practice reside in the B3 category, which comprises a heterogeneous group of proliferations that include atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), lobular neoplasia (ALH/LCIS), columnar cell lesions (CCL) and flat epithelial atypia (FEA), radial scar (RS/CSL), phyllodes tumours, papillary lesions, mucinous lesions and spindle cell proliferations...
October 2014: Pathology
Veena Singh, Aditya Parashari, Sanjay Gupta, Pushpa Sodhani, Ashok Sehgal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of a low cost magnifying device (Magnivisualizer) compared to a standard optical colposcope for detection of precancerous and cancerous lesions of the uterine cervix. METHODS: A total of 659 consecutive symptomatic women attending a gynecologic outpatient clinic underwent unaided visual inspection followed by cytology, visual inspection of the cervix using 5% acetic acid (VIA), and VIA under magnification (VIAM) with the Magnivisualizer...
October 2014: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
W Parry-Smith, D Thorpe, L Ogboro-Okor, M Underwood, E Ismaili, M Kodampur, R Todd, G Douce, C W E Redman
OBJECTIVES: Vaginal vault cytology sampling following hysterectomy is recommended for specific indications in national guidelines. However, clinical governance issues surround compliance with guidance. Our first study objective was to quantify how many patients undergoing hysterectomy at the University Hospital of North Staffordshire (UHNS) had vault cytology advice in their histology report and, if indicated, whether it was arranged. The second was to devise a vault cytology protocol based on local experience and national guidance...
June 2015: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
Shehla Haider, Nighat Mannan, Ayesha Khan, Masood A Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of anthropometric measurements on abnormal gonadotropin secretion in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Institute of Basic Medical Sciences (IBMS), DUHS in collaboration with Gynae/infertility clinics of the Civil Hospital and Lady Dufferin Hospital, Karachi, from October 2010 to February 2011. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and sixty three oligomenorrhic PCOS women of reproductive age (18 - 40 years) fulfilling the revised Rotterdam 2003 criteria were studied...
July 2014: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Pn Jain, Durgesh Padole, Sumitra Bakshi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute neuropathic pain (ANP) is an under-recognised and under-diagnosed condition and often difficult to treat. If left untreated, it may further transform into persistent post-operative chronic pain leading to a disability. AIMS: This prospective study was undertaken on 300 patients to identify the prevalence of ANP in the post-operative period by using a neuropathic pain detection questionnaire tool. METHODS: This is an open-label study in which patients with six different types of cancer surgeries (Thoracic, gastro-intestinal, gynae/urology, bone/soft-tissue, head and neck and breast subgroups-50 each) were included for painDETECT questionnaire tool on the 2(nd) and 7(th) day surgery...
January 2014: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Shailesh P Puntambekar, Geetanjali A Agrawal, Saurabh N Joshi, Neeraj V Rayate, D N B Saravana, Avanish V Deshmukh
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the complications of the laparoscopic pelvic surgeries and to formulate the guidelines to avoid them. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Classification). SETTING: Advanced Laparoscopic Institute. PATIENTS: Nine hundred and seven operated for gynecological malignancies. INTERVENTION: Laparoscopic surgeries. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: 567 women suffering from different pelvic conditions were studied in a period of 60 months...
February 2014: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Nigar Sadaf, Gulfishan Haq, Shazia Shukar-ud-Din
OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal and foetal outcome in patients of Haemolysis, Elevated Liver enzyme and Low Platelet Cont syndrome. METHODS: The descriptive case series was conducted at the Gynae Unit II of Civil Hospital, Karachi, over a period of 12 months in two episodes; first from December 28, 2006, to February 28, 2007, and then from September 1, 2007, to June 30, 2008. It comprised 40 consecutive women with pre-ecampsia and eclampsia along with altered platelet count who met the syndrome criteria...
December 2013: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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