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John Espen Gjøen, Synne Jenum, Dhanasekaran Sivakumaran, Aparna Mukherjee, Ragini Macaden, Sushil K Kabra, Rakesh Lodha, Tom H M Ottenhoff, Marielle C Haks, Timothy Mark Doherty, Christian Ritz, Harleen M S Grewal
Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) is challenging to diagnose, confirmed by growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis at best in 40% of cases. The WHO has assigned high priority to the development of non-sputum diagnostic tools. We therefore sought to identify transcriptional signatures in whole blood of Indian children, capable of discriminating intra-thoracic TB disease from other symptomatic illnesses. We investigated the expression of 198 genes in a training set, comprising 47 TB cases (19 definite/28 probable) and 36 asymptomatic household controls, and identified a 7- and a 10-transcript signature, both including NOD2, GBP5, IFITM1/3, KIF1B and TNIP1...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Caterina Chiappetta, Massimiliano Mancini, Francesca Lessi, Paolo Aretini, Veronica De Gregorio, Chiara Puggioni, Raffaella Carletti, Vincenzo Petrozza, Prospero Civita, Sara Franceschi, Antonio G Naccarato, Carlo Della Rocca, Chiara M Mazzanti, Claudio Di Cristofano
Osteosarcoma is the most common pediatric primary non-hematopoietic bone tumor. Survival of these young patients is related to the response to chemotherapy and development of metastases. Despite many advances in cancer research, chemotherapy regimens for osteosarcoma are still based on non-selective cytotoxic drugs. It is essential to investigate new specific molecular therapies for osteosarcoma to increase the survival rate of these patients. We performed exomic sequence analyses of 8 diagnostic biopsies of patients with conventional high grade osteosarcoma to advance our understanding of their genetic underpinnings and to correlate the genetic alteration with the clinical and pathological features of each patient to identify a personalized therapy...
July 5, 2017: Oncotarget
Stuart M Fell, Shuijie Li, Karin Wallis, Anna Kock, Olga Surova, Vilma Rraklli, Carolin S Höfig, Wenyu Li, Jens Mittag, Marie Arsenian Henriksson, Rajappa S Kenchappa, Johan Holmberg, Per Kogner, Susanne Schlisio
We recently identified pathogenic KIF1Bβ mutations in sympathetic nervous system malignancies that are defective in developmental apoptosis. Here we deleted KIF1Bβ in the mouse sympathetic nervous system and observed impaired sympathetic nervous function and misexpression of genes required for sympathoadrenal lineage differentiation. We discovered that KIF1Bβ is required for nerve growth factor (NGF)-dependent neuronal differentiation through anterograde transport of the NGF receptor TRKA. Moreover, pathogenic KIF1Bβ mutations identified in neuroblastoma impair TRKA transport...
May 15, 2017: Genes & Development
Lucie Evenepoel, Raphaël Helaers, Laurent Vroonen, Selda Aydin, Marc Hamoir, Dominique Maiter, Miikka Vikkula, Alexandre Persu
Dear Editor, Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGL) are rare neuroendocrine tumors arising from the adrenal medulla and extra-adrenal paraganglia, respectively. Forty percent are explained by germline mutations in known susceptibility genes. Furthermore, somatic mutations were identified in an additional 30% of PPGL, mostly in NF1, RET, VHL, MAX, and HRAS. However, screening is limited to a few studies mainly using Sanger sequencing (Burnichon, et al. 2012; Burnichon, et al. 2011; Crona, et al. 2013; Luchetti, et al...
May 17, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
Mingkuan Su, Jianfeng Guo, Jiancheng Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The association between the kinesin family member 1B (KIF1B) gene polymorphism and the risk of hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been investigated in many peer-reviewed studies. However, scholars have failed to replicate these results in validation tests. The purpose of the present study was to explore whether the KIF1B rs17401966 polymorphism was associated with susceptibility to HCC. METHODS: The results of case-controlled studies on the correlation between the KIF1B rs17401966 polymorphism and HCC susceptibility were collected using Google Scholar and the EMBASE, PubMed and CNKI databases...
June 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
Jonathan Greenbaum, Kehao Wu, Lan Zhang, Hui Shen, Jigang Zhang, Hong-Wen Deng
Although GWAS have been successful in identifying some osteoporosis associated loci, the findings explain only a small fraction of the total genetic variance. In this study we use a recently developed novel pleiotropic conditional false discovery rate (cFDR) method to identify novel genetic loci associated with two risk traits for osteoporotic fracture (the clinical outcome and end result of osteoporosis), Height (HT) and Femoral Neck (FNK) BMD. The cFDR method allows us to improve the detection of associated variants by incorporating any potentially shared genetic mechanisms between the two associated traits...
June 2017: Bone
Suja Pillai, Vinod Gopalan, Chung Y Lo, Victor Liew, Robert A Smith, Alfred King Y Lam
AIMS: The goal of this pilot study was to develop a customized, cost-effective amplicon panel (Ampliseq) for target sequencing in a cohort of patients with sporadic phaeochromocytoma/paraganglioma. METHODS: Phaeochromocytoma/paragangliomas from 25 patients were analysed by targeted next-generation sequencing approach using an Ion Torrent PGM instrument. Primers for 15 target genes (NF1, RET, VHL, SDHA, SDHB, SDHC, SDHD, SDHAF2, TMEM127, MAX, MEN1, KIF1Bβ, EPAS1, CDKN2 & PHD2) were designed using ion ampliseq designer...
February 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Kevin T Breen, Sarah R Anderson, Michael R Steele, David J Calkins, Alejandra Bosco, Monica L Vetter
Neurodegeneration in glaucoma results in decline and loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and is associated with activation of myeloid cells such as microglia and macrophages. The chemokine fractalkine (FKN or Cx3cl1) mediates communication from neurons to myeloid cells. Signaling through its receptor Cx3cr1 has been implicated in multiple neurodegenerative diseases, but the effects on neuronal pathology are variable. Since it is unknown how FKN-mediated crosstalk influences RGC degeneration in glaucoma, we assessed this in a chronic mouse model, DBA/2J...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Xiang-Wei Kong, Dong-Hui Wang, Cheng-Jie Zhou, Hong-Xia Zhou, Cheng-Guang Liang
Kinesin family member 1B (KIF1B) is an important microtubule-dependent monomeric motor in mammals, although little is known about its role in meiosis. We profiled KIF1B expression and localization during oocyte maturation and early embryonic development in mice, revealing a dynamic pattern throughout meiotic progression. Depletion or inhibition of KIF1B leads to abnormal polar body extrusion, disordered spindle dynamics, defects in chromosome congression, increased aneuploidy, and impaired embryonic development...
November 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Catherine M Drerup, Sarah Lusk, Alex Nechiporuk
UNLABELLED: Delivery of proteins and organelles to the growth cone during axon extension relies on anterograde transport by kinesin motors. Though critical for neural circuit development, the mechanisms of cargo-specific anterograde transport during axon extension are only starting to be explored. Cargos of particular importance for axon outgrowth are microtubule modifiers, such as SCG10 (Stathmin-2). SCG10 is expressed solely during axon extension, localized to growth cones, and essential for axon outgrowth; however, the mechanisms of SCG10 transport and activity were still debated...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Jun-Hu Chen, Yan-Yan Wang, Wei-Biao Lv, Yu Gan, Wei Chang, Na-Na Tian, Xiao-Hui Huang, Li Liu, Xin-Fa Yu, Si-Dong Chen
AIM: To examine the effect of the potential interaction between KIF1B variants (rs17401966 and rs3748578) and environmental factors on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a high-risk region in China. METHODS: Three hundred and six patients with HCC and 306 hospital-based control participants residing in the Shunde region of Guangdong Province, China were enrolled. Clinical characteristics were collected by reviewing the complete medical histories from the patient archives, and epidemiological data were collected using a questionnaire and clinical examination...
April 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Zhang'e Choo, Rachel Yu Lin Koh, Karin Wallis, Timothy Jia Wei Koh, Chik Hong Kuick, Veronica Sobrado, Rajappa S Kenchappa, Amos Hong Pheng Loh, Shui Yen Soh, Susanne Schlisio, Kenneth Tou En Chang, Zhi Xiong Chen
Neuroblastoma is an aggressive, relapse-prone childhood tumor of the sympathetic nervous system. Current treatment modalities do not fully exploit the genetic basis between the different molecular subtypes and little is known about the targets discovered in recent mutational and genetic studies. Neuroblastomas with poor prognosis are often characterized by 1p36 deletion, containing the kinesin gene KIF1B. Its beta isoform, KIF1Bβ, is required for NGF withdrawal-dependent apoptosis, mediated by the induction of XIAP-associated Factor 1 (XAF1)...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
Magdalena Kuźma-Kozakiewicz, Beata Kaźmierczak, Agnieszka Chudy, Beata Gajewska, Anna Barańczyk-Kuźma
BACKGROUND: Sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (SALS) is a fatal motor neuron degenerative disease of unclear pathogenesis. Disturbances of intracellular transport are possible causes of the disease. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the expression of motor proteins involved in the anterograde (kinesins KIF1B, KIF5C) and retrograde (KIFC3, dynactin subunits DCTN1 and DCTN3) intracellular transport in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: PBMCs were obtained from 74 SALS patients with different clinical phenotypes, 65 blood donors (healthy control I), and 29 cases with other neurological diseases (disease control II) divided into subgroups IIA (atypical parkinsonism) and IIB (ALS-mimicking disorders)...
2016: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
Suja Pillai, Vinod Gopalan, Robert A Smith, Alfred K-Y Lam
Genetic mutations of phaeochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma (PGL) are mainly classified into two major clusters. Cluster 1 mutations are involved with the pseudo hypoxic pathway and comprised of PHD2, VHL, SDHx, IDH, HIF2A, MDH2 and FH mutated PCC/PGL. Cluster 2 mutations are associated with abnormal activation of kinase signalling pathways and included mutations of RET, NF1, KIF1Bβ, MAX and TMEM127. In addition, VHL, SDHx (cluster 1 genes) and RET, NF1 (cluster 2 genes) germline mutations are involved in the neuronal precursor cell pathway in the pathogeneses of PCC/PGL...
April 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Shuijie Li, Stuart M Fell, Olga Surova, Erik Smedler, Karin Wallis, Zhi Xiong Chen, Ulf Hellman, John Inge Johnsen, Tommy Martinsson, Rajappa S Kenchappa, Per Uhlén, Per Kogner, Susanne Schlisio
KIF1Bβ is a candidate 1p36 tumor suppressor that regulates apoptosis in the developing sympathetic nervous system. We found that KIF1Bβ activates the Ca(2+)-dependent phosphatase calcineurin (CN) by stabilizing the CN-calmodulin complex, relieving enzymatic autoinhibition and enabling CN substrate recognition. CN is the key mediator of cellular responses to Ca(2+) signals and its deregulation is implicated in cancer, cardiac, neurodegenerative, and immune disease. We show that KIF1Bβ affects mitochondrial dynamics through CN-dependent dephosphorylation of Dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1), causing mitochondrial fission and apoptosis...
January 25, 2016: Developmental Cell
Craig Blackstone
Neuroblastomas are associated with KIF1Bβ mutations within tumor suppressor region 1p36. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Li et al. (2016) show that KIF1Bβ binding releases calcineurin autoinhibition, leading to dephosphorylation of the DRP1 GTPase and subsequent mitochondrial fragmentation. KIF1Bβ impairment causes mitochondrial hyperfusion, impairing developmental apoptosis and promoting tumorigenesis.
January 25, 2016: Developmental Cell
Marcia Helena Soares Costa, Tania M Ortiga-Carvalho, Alice Dutra Violante, Mario Vaisman
Pheochromocytomas (PCCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) are neuroendocrine tumors derived from the chromaffin tissue. Diagnosis of these tumors is extremely important as they are linked to the hypertension syndrome with great cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A great majority of PCCs and PGLs are sporadic and benign tumors; however, the classic idea of 10% exception of these features is changing. The description of new genes linked to familial forms of PCC/PGLs, such as succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) complex subunits, KIF1Bβ, EGLN1, TMEM127, and MAX, added to the well-known PCC familial syndrome (MEN2, VHL, and neurofibromatosis type 1) presents new challenges for diagnosis...
2015: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Kentaro Matsuura, Masanori Isogawa, Yasuhito Tanaka
The clinical course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection greatly differs in individuals. Various viral, host, and environmental factors influence the natural history of HBV infection. Recent genome-wide association studies identified several host genetic factors influencing the clinical course of HBV infection. Genetic variations in HLA class II loci were significantly associated with susceptibility to persistent HBV infection. Other polymorphisms in or near the genes EHMT2, TCF19, and HLA-C, located near HLA class II loci, and UBE2L3 were also associated with persistent HBV infection...
March 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Song-Zhu Yang, Jian-Tao Wang, Wei-Wei Yu, Qing Liu, Yan-Fang Wu, Shu-Guang Chen
AIM: To compare kinesin family member 1B (KIF1B) expression with clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. METHODS: KIF1B protein and mRNA expression was assessed in HCC and paracarcinomatous (PC) tissues from 68 patients with HCC using Western blot and quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR, respectively. Student's t-tests were used to analyze relationships between clinicopathologic parameters and KIF1B expression, the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze survival outcomes, and the log-rank test was used to compare survival differences between groups...
July 21, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Huanhuan Pan, Chenghao Su, Yong Lin, Jianjun Niu
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between SNP rs17401966 at the KIF1B gene and the genetic susceptibility to Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: All study objects were recruited from two Grade A hospitals of Amoy from January 2011 to October 2014.They were surveyed in individual matching case-control study. Accepting criterias in the cases: HCC was first diagnosed based on diagnostic basis during the investigations, over 18 years old, present addresses were as same as surveyed areas in the district (county) level range, no past history of cancers; Exclusion criterias: patients with other liver diseases...
May 2015: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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