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Hypoxia reoxygenation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231545/aqueous-extract-of-cortex-dictamni-protects-h9c2-cardiomyocytes-from-hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-by-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#1
Lin Li, Yunfeng Zhou, Yanlin Li, Lili Wang, Lan Sun, Lidong Zhou, Hiderori Arai, Yun Qi, Yang Xu
Ischemia-reperfusion injury is the major manifestation of ischemic heart disease, which facilitates cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure and death. Oxidative stress and apoptosis have been involved in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Modern pharmacological studies have indicated that the extracts and active compounds of Cortex Dictamni exhibit antioxidative and cardiovascular protective activities. This study was designed to investigate the protective effect of aqueous extract of Cortex Dictamni (CDAE) on regulating hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiomyocytes oxidative stress and apoptosis...
February 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230856/ginsenoside-rg5-increases-cardiomyocyte-resistance-to-ischemic-injury-through-regulation-of-mitochondrial-hexokinase-ii-and-dynamin-related-protein-1
#2
Yi-Lin Yang, Jia Li, Kang Liu, Lei Zhang, Qun Liu, Baolin Liu, Lian-Wen Qi
Hexokinase-II (HK-II) and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) regulate mitochondrial function differently. This study was designed to investigate the cardioprotective effect of ginsenoside Rg5 (Rg5) with emphasis on the regulation of mitochondrial HK-II and Drp1. Saturated acid palmitate (PA) stimulation increased lactate accumulation and induced cellular acidification by impairing the activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) in cardiomyocytes, leading to HK-II dissociation from mitochondria. Rg5 improved PDH activity and prevented cellular acidification by combating fatty-acid oxidation, contributing to protecting mitochondrial HK-II...
February 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230651/hypoxia-induces-internalization-of-%C3%AE%C2%BA-opioid-receptor
#3
Chunhua Xi, Xuan Liang, Chunhua Chen, Hasan Babazada, Tianzuo Li, Renyu Liu
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that κ-opioid receptor agonists can reduce hypoxia-ischemia brain injury in animal models. However, it is unclear how the κ-opioid receptor responds to hypoxia-ischemia. In the current study, the authors used an in vitro model of oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation to explore how κ-opioid receptors respond to hypoxia and reoxygenation. METHODS: Mouse neuroblastoma Neuro2A cells were stably transfected with mouse κ-opioid receptor-tdTomato fusion protein or Flag-tagged mouse κ-opioid receptor, divided into several groups (n = 6 to 12), and used to investigate the κ-opioid receptor movement...
February 23, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225183/protective-effects-of-araloside-c-against-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-potential-involvement-of-heat-shock-protein-90
#4
Min Wang, Yu Tian, Yu-Yang Du, Gui-Bo Sun, Xu-Dong Xu, Hai Jiang, Hui-Bo Xu, Xiang-Bao Meng, Jing-Yi Zhang, Shi-Lan Ding, Miao-di Zhang, Ming-Hua Yang, Xiao-Bo Sun
The present study was designed to investigate whether Araloside C, one of the major triterpenoid compounds isolated from Aralia elata known to be cardioprotective, can improve heart function following ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and elucidate its underlying mechanisms. We observed that Araloside C concentration-dependently improved cardiac function and depressed oxidative stress induced by I/R. Similar protection was confirmed in isolated cardiomyocytes characterized by maintaining Ca(2+) transients and cell shortening against I/R...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218996/hypoxia-stimulated-membrane-trafficking-requires-t-plastin
#5
Marieke Wottawa, Stephanie Naas, Johannes Böttger, Gijsbert J van Belle, Wiebke Möbius, Natalia H Revelo, Doris Heidenreich, Melanie von Ahlen, Anke Zieseniss, Katharina Kröhnert, Susanne Lutz, Christof Lenz, Henning Urlaub, Silvio O Rizzoli, Dörthe M Katschinski
Traffic between the plasma membrane and the endomembrane compartments is an essential feature of eukaryotic cells. The secretory pathway sends cargoes from biosynthetic compartments to the plasma membrane. This is counterbalanced by a retrograde endocytotic route and is essential for cell homeostasis. Cells need to adapt rapidly to environmental challenges like the reduction of pO2 which, however, has not been analyzed in relation to membrane trafficking in detail. Therefore we determined changes in the plasma membrane trafficking in normoxia, hypoxia, and after reoxygenation METHODS: Membrane trafficking was analyzed by using the bulk membrane endocytosis marker FM 1-43, the newly developed membrane probe mCLING, wheat germ agglutinin as well as fluorescently labeled choleratoxin subunit B...
February 20, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214844/autophagy-activation-by-rapamycin-before-hypoxia-reoxygenation-reduces-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-alveolar-epithelial-cells
#6
Tao Fan, Lei Chen, Zhixin Huang, Wei Wang, Boyou Zhang, Yao Xu, Zhangfan Mao, Hao Hu, Qing Geng
BACKGROUND: To determine potential effects of autophagy activation on hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) induced damage of a rat alveolar epithelial cell line. METHODS: CCL149 cells were subjected to autophagy agonist (rapamycin, Rap), autophagy inhibitor (3-methyladenine, 3-MA) or PBS for 1 h before H/R treatment for 2 h, 4 h and 6 h. The optimal concentration of Rap (150 nM, 200 nM and 250 nM) or 3-MA (5 mM, 10 mM and 15 mM) was obtained from MTT assay. Autophagy was determined by fluorescence microscopy of eRFP-LC3 positive cells, transmission electron microscopy of autophagosome, western blot of LC3, AMPK, Beclin-1, HDAC6 and p62 proteins...
January 17, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205129/remifentanil-postconditioning-ameliorates-histone-h3-acetylation-modification-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts-after-hypoxia-reoxygenation-via-attenuating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#7
Manli Chen, Qin Liu, Lijian Chen, Lei Zhang, Erwei Gu
Remifentanil postconditioning (RPC) elicits cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) by attenuating apoptosis associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). Histone H3, acetylation modifications of histone H3, and histone deacetylases (HDAC) also have key roles in the mediation of the survival and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. In this study, an in vitro IRI model was established with H9c2 cardiomyoblasts to investigate the role of histone H3 acetylation and HDAC3 in RPC-induced attenuation of ERS-associated apoptosis...
February 16, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203018/-high-glucose-reduced-the-repair-function-of-kidney-stem-cells-conditional-medium-to-the-hypoxia-injured-renal-tubular-epithelium-cells
#8
G Yang, Q L Cheng, C L Li, Y L Jia, W Yue, X T Pei, Y Liu, J H Zhao, J DU, Q G Ao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impacts of high glucose on the repair function of kidney stem cells (KSC) conditional medium to the hypoxia-injured renal tubular epithelium cells (RTEC). METHODS: KSC were isolated from the renal papilla in 4-week-Sprague-Dawley rats. The KSC were pretreated in media with high glucose (30 mmol/L) or with normal glucose (5.6 mmol/L), respectively. The supernatants of the pre-treated KSC were collected as the conditional media. The hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model of rat RTEC was established using the NRK-52E cell line...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198596/propofol-protects-against-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-mir-133a-5p-regulating-the-expression-of-mapk6
#9
Wei Hao, Zhi-Hui Zhao, Qing-Tao Meng, Mu-Er Tie, Shao-Qing Lei, Zhong-Yuan Xia
Propofol has been found to play an important role in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury with the antioxidant effects. However, the molecular mechanism of propofol in hepatic I/R injury has not been fully understood. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into Sham group, hepatic I/R group, and propofol treatment group. I/R injury was attained by ischemia for 1 h and reperfusion for 2 h. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity were detected. QSG-7701 cells were cultured in hypoxia condition for 15 h and then in reoxygenation condition for 6 h to imitate hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury in vitro...
February 15, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198007/modulating-tumor-hypoxia-by-nanomedicine-for-effective-cancer-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Rana Jahanban-Esfahlan, Miguel de la Guardia, Delshad Ahmadi, Bahman Yousefi
Hypoxia, a characteristic feature of tumors, is indispensable to tumor angiogenesis, metastasis, and multi drug resistance. Hypoxic avascular regions, deeply embedded inside the tumors significantly hinder delivery of therapeutic agents. The low oxygen tension results in resistance to the current applied anti-cancer therapeutics including radiotherapy, chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy, the efficacy of which is firmly tied to the level of tumor oxygen supply. However, emerging data indicate that nanocarriers/nanodrugs can offer substantial benefits to improve the efficacy of current therapeutics, through modulation of tumor hypoxia...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197936/salvianolic-acid-a-protects-neonatal-cardiomyocytes-against-hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced-injury-by-preserving-mitochondrial-function-and-activating-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-signals
#11
Xue-Li Li, Ji-Ping Fan, Jian-Xun Liu, Li-Na Liang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of salvianolic acid A (SAA) on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction in response to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury and to determine whether the Akt signaling pathway might play a role. METHODS: An in vitro model of H/R injury was used to study outcomes on primary cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. The cardiomyocytes were treated with 12.5, 25, 50 μg/mL SAA at the beginning of hypoxia and reoxygenation, respectively...
February 15, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197101/the-combination-of-three-components-derived-from-sheng-maisan-protects-myocardial-ischemic-diseases-and-inhibits-oxidative-stress-via-modulating-mapks-and-jak2-stat3-signaling-pathways-based-on-bioinformatics-approach
#12
Fang Li, Yu Zhang, Donglin Zeng, Yu Xia, Xiaoxue Fan, Yisha Tan, Junping Kou, Boyang Yu
GRS is a drug combination of three components including ginsenoside Rb1, ruscogenin and schisandrin. It derived from the well-known TCM formula Sheng MaiSan, a widely used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in clinic. The present study illuminates its underlying mechanisms against myocardial ischemic diseases based on the combined methods of bioinformatic prediction and experimental verification. A protein database was established through constructing the drug-protein network...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191472/suppression-of-excessive-histone-deacetylases-activity-in-diabetic-hearts-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-mitochondria-apoptosis-pathway
#13
Yang Wu, Yan Leng, Qingtao Meng, Rui Xue, Bo Zhao, Liying Zhan, Zhongyuan Xia
Background. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a pivotal role in signaling modification and gene transcriptional regulation that are essential for cardiovascular pathophysiology. Diabetic hearts with higher HDACs activity were more vulnerable to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury compared with nondiabetic hearts. We are curious about whether suppression of excessive HDACs activity in diabetic heart protects against MI/R injury. Methods. Diabetic rats were subjected to 45 min of ischemia, followed by 3 h of reperfusion...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186661/brain-neurochemical-and-hemodynamic-findings-in-the-ny1dd-mouse-model-of-mild-sickle-cell-disease
#14
Min-Hui Cui, Sandra M Suzuka, Nicholas A Branch, Kamalakar Ambadipudi, Sangeetha Thangaswamy, Seetharama A Acharya, Henny H Billett, Craig A Branch
To characterize the cerebral profile associated with sickle cell disease (SCD), we used in vivo proton MRI and MRS to quantify hemodynamics and neurochemicals in the thalamus of NY1DD mice, a mild model of SCD, and compared them with wild-type (WT) control mice. Compared with WT mice, NY1DD mice at steady state had elevated cerebral blood flow (CBF) and concentrations of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), glutamate (Glu), alanine, total creatine and N-acetylaspartylglutamate. Concentrations of glutathione (GSH) at steady state showed a negative correlation with BOLD signal change in response to 100% oxygen, a marker for oxidative stress, and mean diffusivity assessed using diffusion-tensor imaging, a marker for edematous inflammation...
February 10, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182689/ilexsaponin-a-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-myocardial-injury-through-anti-apoptotic-pathway
#15
Shuang-Wei Zhang, Yu Liu, Fang Wang, Jiao Qiang, Pan Liu, Jun Zhang, Jin-Wen Xu
The protective effects of ilexsaponin A on ischemia-reperfusion-induced myocardial injury were investigated. Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion model was established in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Myocardial injury was evaluated by TTC staining and myocardial marker enzyme leakage. The in vitro protective potential of Ilexsaponin A was assessed on hypoxia/reoxygenation cellular model in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Cellular viability and apoptosis were evaluated by MTT and TUNEL assay. Caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3, bax, bcl-2, p-Akt and Akt protein expression levels were detected by western-blot...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181692/irisin-plays-a-pivotal-role-to-protect-the-heart-against-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#16
Hao Wang, Yu Tina Zhao, Shouyan Zhang, Patrycja M Dubielecka, Jianfeng Du, Naohiro Yano, Y Eugene Chin, Shougang Zhuang, Gangjian Qin, Ting C Zhao
Irisin, a newly identified hormone, is critical to modulating body metabolism, thermogenesis and reducing oxidative stresses. However, whether irisin protects the heart against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury remains unknown. In this study, we determine the effect of irisin on myocardial I/R injury in the Langendorff perfused heart and cultured myocytes. Adult C57/BL6 mice were treated with irisin (100mg/kg) or vehicle for 30 minutes to elicit preconditioning. The isolated hearts were subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 30 min reperfusion...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181174/zinc-dyshomeostasis-in-cardiomyocytes-after-acute-hypoxia-reoxygenation
#17
Vijaya Lakshmi Bodiga, Sandhya Thokala, Sita Mahalaxmi Kovur, Sreedhar Bodiga
Zinc dyshomeostasis may play a role in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression profile of zinc regulated transporter like- and iron-regulated transporter-like proteins (ZIPs) and zinc transporter proteins (ZnTs) in cardiomyocytes and their modulation in response to hypoxia and reoxygenation. Adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) were subjected to 6 h of hypoxia, followed by 18 h of reoxygenation. Intracellular and extracellular zinc concentrations were determined using Fluozin-3 and Newport Green fluorescence, respectively...
February 8, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174168/cardiac-overexpression-of-s100a6-attenuates-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-reduces-infarct-size-after-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion
#18
Azadeh Mofid, Nadav S Newman, Paul J H Lee, Cynthia Abbasi, Pratiek N Matkar, Dmitriy Rudenko, Michael A Kuliszewski, Hao H Chen, Kolsoom Afrasiabi, James N Tsoporis, Anthony O Gramolini, Kim A Connelly, Thomas G Parker, Howard Leong-Poi
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocyte-specific transgenic mice overexpressing S100A6, a member of the family of EF-hand calcium-binding proteins, develop less cardiac hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and myocyte apoptosis after permanent coronary ligation, findings that support S100A6 as a potential therapeutic target after acute myocardial infarction. Our purpose was to investigate S100A6 gene therapy for acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS: We first performed in vitro studies to examine the effects of S100A6 overexpression and knockdown in rat neonatal cardiomyocytes...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167915/the-role-of-acute-intermittent-hypoxia-in-neutrophil-generated-superoxide-sympathovagal-balance-and-vascular-function-in-healthy-subjects
#19
Germana P L Almeida, Ivani C Trombetta, Felipe X Cepeda, Elaine Hatanaka, Rui Curi, Cristiano Mostarda, Maria C Irigoyen, José A S Barreto-Filho, Eduardo M Krieger, Fernanda M Consolim-Colombo
Introduction: Recurrent hypoxia (HPX), a hallmark of the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), impairs autonomic balance, and increases arterial blood pressure (BP). Oxidative stress is one of the mechanisms involved in these alterations. The cumulative effect of acute intermittent HPX and the chronicity may determine whether the response crosses the threshold from having protective value to pathology. However, the impact of acute intermittent HPX-reoxygenation on markers of oxidative stress in healthy individuals remains to be fully understood...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167239/6-gingerol-protects-intestinal-barrier-from-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-damage-via-inhibition-of-p38-mapk-to-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signalling
#20
Yanli Li, Bin Xu, Ming Xu, Dapeng Chen, Yongjian Xiong, Mengqiao Lian, Yuchao Sun, Zeyao Tang, Li Wang, Chunling Jiang, Yuan Lin
Intestinal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury caused by severe trauma, intestinal obstruction, and operation is one of the tough challenges in clinic. 6-Gingerol (6G), a main active ingredient of ginger, is found to have anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-cancer activities. The present study was designed to characterize the potential protective effects of 6G on rat intestinal I/R injury and reveal the correlated mechanisms. Rat intestinal I/R model was established with clamping the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and 6G was intragastrically administered for three consecutive days before I/R injury...
February 4, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
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