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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332643/role-of-laparoscopy-in-diagnosing-genital-tuberculosis-in-suspected-women-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-northern-india
#1
Y M Mala, Ruchi Prasad, Nilanchali Singh, C P Baweja, Reva Tripathi, Niharika Yedla
This study was included 60 women with suspected genital tuberculosis, attending outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. The aim was to evaluate the role and accuracy of laparoscopy in the diagnosis of genital tuberculosis. The patients were investigated for tuberculosis with Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, Montoux, chest X-ray, serum ELISA, CA125, ultrasonography, endometrial biopsy and laparoscopic biopsy. Culture or histopathology was taken as a gold standard for confirming the cases of genital tuberculosis...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320505/methodology-of-mixed-load-customized-bus-lines-and-adjustment-based-on-time-windows
#2
ZhiJie Li, Rui Song, Shiwei He, Mingkai Bi
Custom bus routes need to be optimized to meet the needs of a customized bus for personalized trips of different passengers. This paper introduced a customized bus routing problem in which trips for each depot are given, and each bus stop has a fixed time window within which trips should be completed. Treating a trip as a virtual stop was the first consideration in solving the school bus routing problem (SBRP). Then, the mixed load custom bus routing model was established with a time window that satisfies its requirement and the result were solved by Cplex software...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290741/identifying-barriers-and-facilitators-at-affect-community-pharmacists-ability-to-engage-children-in-medication-counseling-a-pilot-study
#3
Olufunmilola Abraham, Dayna S Alexander, Loren J Schleiden, Delesha M Carpenter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the barriers and facilitators that influence community pharmacists' ability to provide medication counseling to pediatric patients. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 16) were conducted with pharmacy staff at 3 community pharmacies in 2 Eastern states. The interview guide elicited pharmacy staff experiences interacting with children and their perceived barriers and facilitators to providing medication counseling. Transcripts were reviewed for accuracy and a codebook was developed for data analysis...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289089/pickup-position-and-plucking-point-estimation-on-an-electric-guitar-via-autocorrelation
#4
Zulfadhli Mohamad, Simon Dixon, Christopher Harte
This paper proposes a technique that estimates the locations along the string of the plucking event and the magnetic pickup of an electric guitar based on the autocorrelation of the spectral peaks. To improve accuracy, a method is introduced to flatten the spectrum before applying the autocorrelation function to the spectral peaks. The minimum mean squared error between the autocorrelation of the observed data and the electric guitar model is found in order to estimate the model parameters. The accuracy of the algorithm is tested on various plucking positions on all open strings for each pickup configuration...
December 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216581/transfer-and-persistence-of-non-self-dna-on-hands-over-time-using-empirical-data-to-evaluate-dna-evidence-given-activity-level-propositions
#5
Bianca Szkuta, Kaye N Ballantyne, Bas Kokshoorn, Roland A H van Oorschot
Questions relating to how DNA from an individual got to where it was recovered from and the activities associated with its pickup, retention and deposition are increasingly relevant to criminal investigations and judicial considerations. To address activity level propositions, investigators are typically required to assess the likelihood that DNA was transferred indirectly and not deposited through direct contact with an item or surface. By constructing a series of Bayesian networks, we demonstrate their use in assessing activity level propositions derived from a recent legal case involving the alleged secondary transfer of DNA to a surface following a handshaking event...
November 28, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204869/estrogen-treatment-in-infertile-women-with-premature-ovarian-insufficiency-in-transitional-phase-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Sara Pinelli, Paolo Giovanni Artini, Stefano Basile, Maria Elena Rosa Obino, Claudia Sergiampietri, Diana Giannarelli, Giovanna Simi, Vito Cela
PURPOSE: During the transitional phase of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), sporadic resumption of ovulation is possible because of fluctuation of hormonal levels but the chance of spontaneous pregnancy is low, and the main perspective of childbearing in these women is egg donation or adoption. The purpose of the study was to verify whether treatment with estrogens in POI patients in transitional phase could reduce FSH levels and to evaluate if this pre-treatment could improve reproductive outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195015/does-using-testicular-sperm-retrieval-rather-than-ejaculated-spermatozoa-improve-reproductive-outcomes-in-couples-with-previous-art-failure-and-poor-ovarian-response-a-case-controlled-study
#7
A R Gilman, G Younes, S Tannus, W Y Son, P Chan, W Buckett
The objective of this study was to assess whether testicular-retrieved spermatozoa improve reproductive outcomes compared to fresh ejaculate in women with poor ovarian response and a history of previous ART failure. The study was performed as a retrospective case-control study at a university-based reproductive center in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Eighteen poor-responder patients were matched 3 : 1 with 54 controls. Poor responders were defined as those with ≤3 oocytes retrieved at oocyte pickup. Cases were identified as poor responders, and only those with previous IVF failure(s) as an indication for testicular-retrieved spermatozoa were included...
January 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183967/using-deep-learning-and-google-street-view-to-estimate-the-demographic-makeup-of-neighborhoods-across-the-united-states
#8
Timnit Gebru, Jonathan Krause, Yilun Wang, Duyun Chen, Jia Deng, Erez Lieberman Aiden, Li Fei-Fei
The United States spends more than $250 million each year on the American Community Survey (ACS), a labor-intensive door-to-door study that measures statistics relating to race, gender, education, occupation, unemployment, and other demographic factors. Although a comprehensive source of data, the lag between demographic changes and their appearance in the ACS can exceed several years. As digital imagery becomes ubiquitous and machine vision techniques improve, automated data analysis may become an increasingly practical supplement to the ACS...
November 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141435/extension-of-the-source-sink-potential-approach-to-hartree-fock-and-density-functional-theory-a-new-tool-to-visualize-the-ballistic-current-through-molecules
#9
Stijn Fias, Thijs Stuyver
The recent source and sink potential approach by Pickup et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 143, 194105 (2015)] is extended to Hartree-Fock and density functional theory, allowing the calculation of the transmission and the visualization of ballistic currents through molecules at these levels of theory. This visualization allows the study of the transmission process in real-space, providing an important tool to better understand the conduction process.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096467/near-omni-conductors-and-insulators-alternant-hydrocarbons-in-the-ssp-model-of-ballistic-conduction
#10
Patrick W Fowler, Irene Sciriha, Martha Borg, Victoria E Seville, Barry T Pickup
Within the source-and-sink-potential model, a complete characterisation is obtained for the conduction behaviour of alternant π-conjugated hydrocarbons (conjugated hydrocarbons without odd cycles). In this model, an omni-conductor has a molecular graph that conducts at the Fermi level irrespective of the choice of connection vertices. Likewise, an omni-insulator is a molecular graph that fails to conduct for any choice of connections. We give a comprehensive classification of possible combinations of omni-conducting and omni-insulating behaviour for molecular graphs, ranked by nullity (number of non-bonding orbitals)...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083943/assessing-tether-anchor-labeling-and-usability-in-pickup-trucks
#11
Kathleen D Klinich, Miriam A Manary, Laura A Malik, Carol A Flannagan, Jessica S Jermakian
OBJECTIVE: Investigate vehicle factors associated with child restraint tether use and misuse in pickup trucks and evaluate four labeling interventions designed to educate consumers on proper tether use. METHODS: Volunteer testing was performed with 24 subjects and four different pickup trucks. Each subject performed eight child restraint installations among the four pickups using two forward-facing restraints: a Britax Marathon G4.1 and an Evenflo Triumph. Vehicles were selected to represent four different implementations of tether anchors among pickups: plastic loop routers (Chevrolet Silverado), webbing routers (Ram), back wall anchors (Nissan Frontier), and webbing routers plus metal anchors (Toyota Tundra)...
October 30, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078039/effectiveness-of-seminal-plasma-in-ivf-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Gabriele Saccone, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Andrea Ciardulli, Claudia Caissutti, Marialuigia Spinelli, Daniel Surbek, Michael von Wolff
BACKGROUND: In in vitro fertilization (IVF) techniques only 20 to 25% of the transferred embryos lead to a pregnancy OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the beneficial effects of SP or semen applied at the time of oocyte aspiration or embryo transfer SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic databases were searched from their inception until August 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of SP or semen in IVF treatment. Trials were considered if women were exposed to any kind of SP or semen (either SP/semen injection or sexual intercourse) around the time of oocyte pickup and embryo transfer...
October 27, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076555/puncture-and-drainage-of-the-subordinate-follicles-at-timed-artificial-insemination-prevents-the-risk-of-twin-pregnancy-in-dairy-cows
#13
F López-Gatius, Rhf Hunter
The objective of this study was to determine whether fluid drainage from the subordinate follicles by ovum pickup procedures prevents the risk of twin pregnancy without reducing the fertility of the cow. Lactating dairy cows with at least two follicles over 12 mm diameter located one on each ovary and selected from synchronized groups for fixed-time insemination were assigned to a Control (n = 49) or Drainage (n = 49) group. The largest follicle was considered as the dominant follicle. Draining of all subordinate follicles (≥10 mm) was performed in the Drainage group...
October 27, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068393/fatal-pediatric-motor-vehicle-crashes-on-u-s-native-american-indian-lands-compared-to-adjacent-non-indian-lands-restraint-use-and-injury-by-driver-vehicle-roadway-and-crash-characteristics
#14
Shin Ah Oh, Chang Liu, Joyce C Pressley
There are large disparities in American Indian pediatric motor vehicle (MV) mortality with reports that several factors may contribute. The Fatality Analysis Reporting System for 2000-2014 was used to examine restraint use for occupants aged 0-19 years involved in fatal MV crashes on Indian lands (n = 1667) and non-Indian lands in adjacent states (n = 126,080). SAS GLIMMIX logistic regression with random effects was used to generate odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Restraint use increased in both areas over the study period with restraint use on Indian lands being just over half that of non-Indian lands for drivers (36...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065063/child-seat-belt-guidelines-examining-the-4-feet-9-inches-rule-as-the-standard
#15
Amber M Morse, Mary E Aitken, Samantha H Mullins, Beverly K Miller, Mindy M Pomtree, Erin M Ulloa, Jeffrey S Montgomery, Marie E Saylors
BACKGROUND: Current American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations regarding transition from child safety/booster seat to adult safety belt use indicate that children should be at least 4 feet 9 inches, 8 years old, or 80 pounds. Proper fit in the vehicle seat, assessed with a five-point fit test, should also be met. Although most children reach 4 feet 9 inches around age 8 years, each child and vehicle presents a unique combination; thus a child may not fit appropriately in all vehicle types using only the 4 feet 9 inches requirement...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064471/nasopharyngeal-metagenomic-deep-sequencing-data-lancaster-uk-2014-2015
#16
Kate V Atkinson, Lisa A Bishop, Glenn Rhodes, Nicolas Salez, Neil R McEwan, Matthew J Hegarty, Julie Robey, Nicola Harding, Simon Wetherell, Robert M Lauder, Roger W Pickup, Mark Wilkinson, Derek Gatherer
Nasopharyngeal swabs were taken from volunteers attending a general medical practice and a general hospital in Lancaster, UK, and at Lancaster University, in the winter of 2014-2015. 51 swabs were selected based on high RNA yield and allocated to deep sequencing pools as follows: patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; asthmatics; adults with no respiratory symptoms; adults with feverish respiratory symptoms; adults with respiratory symptoms and presence of antibodies against influenza C; paediatric patients with respiratory symptoms (2 pools); adults with influenza C infection (2 pools), giving a total of 9 pools...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053827/comparative-evaluation-of-texture-wheat-ingredients-and-soy-proteins-in-the-quality-and-acceptability-of-emulsified-chicken-nuggets
#17
M Yeater, G Casco, R K Miller, C Z Alvarado
Chicken nuggets are commonly made with varying levels of textured vegetable proteins, such as soy and wheat, for their ability to bind water and their meat like conformation. This project compared textured wheat proteins and soy proteins at 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% in emulsified chicken nuggets. A total of 3,024 chicken nuggets were evaluated in replications for batter breader pickup (%), par fry yield (%), cook loss (%), L*, a*, b* color value, texture profile analysis, and sensory analysis. The analysis was conducted for all 4 concentrations of wheat and soy treatments then compared to each other and an all white meat chicken nugget control...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032464/nutritional-composition-of-honey-bee-food-stores-vary-with-floral-composition
#18
Philip Donkersley, Glenn Rhodes, Roger W Pickup, Kevin C Jones, Eileen F Power, Geraldine A Wright, Kenneth Wilson
Sufficiently diverse and abundant resources are essential for generalist consumers, and form an important part of a suite of conservation strategies for pollinators. Honey bees are generalist foragers and are dependent on diverse forage to adequately meet their nutritional needs. Through analysis of stored pollen (bee bread) samples obtained from 26 honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) hives across NW-England, we quantified bee bread nutritional content and the plant species that produced these stores from pollen...
December 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031472/catching-on-it-early-bodily-and-brain-anticipatory-mechanisms-for-excellence-in-sport
#19
Ana M Abreu, Matteo Candidi, Salvatore M Aglioti
Programming and executing a subsequent move is inherently linked to the ability to anticipate the actions of others when interacting. Such fundamental social ability is particularly important in sport. Here, we discuss the possible mechanisms behind the highly sophisticated anticipation skills that characterize experts. We contend that prediction in sports might rely on a finely tuned perceptual system that endows experts with a fast, partially unconscious, pickup of relevant cues. Furthermore, we discuss the role of the multimodal, perceptuomotor, multiple-duty cells (mirror neurons) that play an important function in action anticipation by means of an inner motor simulation process...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020295/improved-retention-with-six-month-clinic-return-intervals-for-stable-hiv-infected-patients-in-zambia
#20
Aaloke Mody, Monika Roy, Kombatende Sikombe, Thea Savory, Charles Holmes, Carolyn Bolton-Moore, Nancy Padian, Izukanji Sikazwe, Elvin Geng
Background: Extending appointment intervals for stable HIV-infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa can reduce patient opportunity costs and decongest overcrowded facilities. Methods: We analyzed a cohort of stable HIV-infected adults (on treatment with CD4>200 cells/μl for over 6 months) presenting for clinic visits in Lusaka, Zambia. We utilized multilevel, mixed-effects logistic regression adjusting for patient characteristics-including prior retention-to assess the association between scheduled appointment intervals and subsequent missed visits (>14 days late to next visit), gaps in medication (>14 days late to next pharmacy refill), and loss to follow-up (LTFU, >90 days late to next visit)...
August 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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