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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446796/posttraumatic-headache
#1
Raquel Langdon, Sharief Taraman
After sustaining a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, headaches are one of the most common complaints. The pathophysiologic changes that occur in the setting of injury likely contribute to or cause posttraumatic headaches. Posttraumatic headaches often present as migraine or tension-type headaches. Unlike pain from other types of injuries, headaches following mild traumatic brain injury are more likely to persist. Preexisting conditions such as migraine and mood disorders may influence posttraumatic headache and complicate management...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411374/a-survey-of-neurologists-on-postconcussion-syndrome
#2
Randolph W Evans, Kamalika Ghosh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) has been controversial for more than 150 years. As there have not been any surveys of PCS among neurologists in the United States since 1992, another was performed using most of the prior items to assess current opinions and practices and whether there have been any changes since 1992. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-nine neurologists attending the Texas Neurological Society 20th Annual Winter Conference continuing medical education meeting in 2017 were supplied the survey instrument with registration materials...
February 7, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374978/misconceptions-about-traumatic-brain-injury-among-educators-has-anything-changed-over-the-last-20-years
#3
Audrey McKinlay, Kimberly Buck
PURPOSE: To examine educational professionals' knowledge and understanding of childhood brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Educational professionals from all schools in the state of Victoria, Australia, were invited to participate in an online cross-sectional survey consisting of 20 questions assessing knowledge of concussion and 30 questions examining knowledge of traumatic brain injury (n = 364). RESULTS: On average, participants correctly answered 16/20 (80%) questions about concussion and 24...
January 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337022/reaction-time-and-joint-kinematics-during-functional-movement-in-recently-concussed-individuals
#4
Robert C Lynall, J Troy Blackburn, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Stephen W Marshall, Prudence Plummer, Jason P Mihalik
OBJECTIVE: To compare movement reaction time and joint kinematics between recently concussed and matched control recreational athletes during 3 functional tasks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty college-aged recreational athletes comprising two groups (15 participants each): 1) Recent concussion group (median time since concussion 126 days, range 28-432 days), and 2) Age- and sex-matched control group with no recent concussions...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327631/the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-a-scoping-review
#5
Zechen Ma, Mark T Bayley, Laure Perrier, Priya Dhir, Lana Dépatie, Paul Comper, Lesley Ruttan, Christine Lay, Sarah E P Munce
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences are significant risk factors for physical and mental illnesses in adulthood. Traumatic brain injury/concussion is a challenging condition where pre-injury factors may affect recovery. The association between childhood adversity and traumatic brain injury/concussion has not been previously reviewed. The research question addressed is: What is known from the existing literature about the association between adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion in adults? METHODS: All original studies of any type published in English since 2007 on adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion outcomes were included...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318177/injury-recurrence-among-high-school-athletes-in-the-united-states-a-decade-of-patterns-and-trends-2005-2006-through-2015-2016
#6
K Linnea Welton, Matthew J Kraeutler, Lauren A Pierpoint, Justin H Bartley, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
Background: As participation in high school athletics increases, so does the number of adolescents experiencing sports-related injury. Understanding injury patterns is an important component to developing and evaluating prevention and rehabilitation programs. Purpose: To analyze recurrent injury rates and patterns among high school athletes, to compare recurrent injuries with new injuries, and to evaluate injury trends over time. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219635/hashtag-tbi-a-content-and-network-data-analysis-of-tweets-about-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Melissa Brunner, Bronwyn Hemsley, Stephen Dann, Leanne Togher, Stuart Palmer
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (a) determine how Twitter is used by people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and TBI organisations, (b) analyse the Twitter networks and content of tweets tagged with TBI-related hashtags, and (c) identify any challenges people with TBI encounter in using Twitter. RESEARCH DESIGN: Mixed methods in a Twitter hashtag study. METHODS: Mixed methods in a Twitter hashtag study. Tweets tagged with TBI-related hashtags were harvested from the Twitter website over a one-month period in 2016 and analysed qualitatively and quantitatively...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194058/gait-deviations-associated-with-concussion-a-systematic-review
#8
Thaer S Manaseer, Douglas P Gross, Liz Dennett, Kathryn Schneider, Jackie L Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Gait deviations resulting from concussion are important to consider in the diagnosis, treatment progression, and return to activity after a concussion. OBJECTIVE: To identify quantifiable gait deviations associated with concussion across populations and time since injury. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Six electronic databases were systematically searched from January 1974 to September 2016. Studies selected included original data, had an analytic design, and reported a quantifiable gait parameter in individuals who had sustained a concussion as defined by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine or related definitions...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182021/injuries-depicted-in-sport-related-films
#9
Robert P Olympia, Hannah Wakefield, Bryan Wakefield, Christopher J Weber
The perception that children and adolescents have of injuries may be influenced by their depiction in sport-related films. The objective of this study was to determine the depiction of injuries in a select number of sport-related films. Forty-four films were analyzed. Injury category, on-the-field management, and long-term management were determined for each injury. Major injuries were defined as injuries requiring prompt intervention and immediate discontinuation of sport participation. A total of 49 injuries were depicted, categorized as fracture (n = 11), contusion (n = 10), brain concussion (n = 8), muscle cramps (n = 5), laceration/abrasion (n = 4), ligamentous knee injury (n = 4), shoulder dislocation (n = 2), rotator cuff injury (n = 2), ankle sprain (n = 2), and unspecified injury (n = 1)...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172011/therapy-and-rehabilitation-of-mild-brain-injury-concussion-systematic-review
#10
Roger E Thomas, Jorge Alves, Marcus M Vaska Mlis, Rosana Magalhaes
BACKGROUND: Assessment of therapies for the key consequences of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)/concussion is required. OBJECTIVE: Identify all RCTs of mTBI/concussion therapy, risks of bias, and therapies with significant positive results. METHODS: 17 electronic, 9 grey-literature databases searched without language/date restrictions; independent assessment of 1450 Abstracts/titles, 141 fulltext articles, 14 included RCTs. RESULTS: Four RCTs used American Congress of Rehabilitation TBI definition, others used unique definitions...
2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157025/non-pharmacological-rehabilitation-interventions-for-concussion-in-children-a-scoping-review
#11
Danielle M Dobney, Matthew B Miller, Emily Tufts
PURPOSE: To summarise the extent, nature, and quality of current scholarly literature related to non-pharmacological, rehabilitation interventions following concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury in children. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted from 1987 to 24 October 2017. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) full text, peer reviewed, and written in English, (2) original research, (3) diagnosed concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, (4) described the evaluation of an intervention, (5) the outcome was a concussion impairment, and (6) the mean/median age was under 19...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127267/cervicovestibular-rehabilitation-following-sport-related-concussion
#12
Kathryn J Schneider, Willem H Meeuwisse, Karen M Barlow, Carolyn A Emery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064869/vision-and-vestibular-system-dysfunction-predicts-prolonged-concussion-recovery-in-children
#13
Christina L Master, Stephen R Master, Douglas J Wiebe, Eileen P Storey, Julia E Lockyer, Olivia E Podolak, Matthew F Grady
OBJECTIVE: Up to one-third of children with concussion have prolonged symptoms lasting beyond 4 weeks. Vision and vestibular dysfunction is common after concussion. It is unknown whether such dysfunction predicts prolonged recovery. We sought to determine which vision or vestibular problems predict prolonged recovery in children. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of pediatric patients with concussion. SETTING: A subspecialty pediatric concussion program...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058559/evaluation-of-an-active-rehabilitation-program-for-concussion-management-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which post-concussion symptoms were influenced by participation in an Active Rehabilitation (AR) program (aerobic exercise, coordination drills, visualization and education) for children and adolescents who are slow to recover from concussion. A secondary exploratory objective included examining the influence of sex on symptom evolution. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected data was performed on 277 youth who initiated an AR program, between three and four weeks post-injury at a Concussion Clinic in a tertiary care paediatric teaching hospital...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989074/safety-of-active-rehabilitation-for-persistent-symptoms-after-pediatric-sport-related-concussion-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Catherine Chan, Grant L Iverson, Jacqueline Purtzki, Kathy Wong, Vivian Kwan, Isabelle Gagnon, Noah D Silverberg
OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety and tolerability of an active rehabilitation program for adolescents who are slow to recover from a sport-related concussion. A secondary objective was to estimate the treatment effect for this intervention. DESIGN: Single-site parallel open-label randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing treatment as usual (TAU) to TAU plus active rehabilitation. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 12-18 with postconcussion symptoms lasting >1 month after a sports-related concussion...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926482/is-there-an-optimal-time-to-initiate-an-active-rehabilitation-protocol-for-concussion-management-in-children-a-case-series
#16
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle J Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the time frame during which initiating an active rehabilitation intervention (aerobic exercise, balance, and sport specific skills) after concussion contributed to improvement in symptoms at follow-up in children and adolescents who are slow to recover (symptoms persisting beyond 2 weeks) from concussion. SETTING: Concussion clinic at a tertiary care pediatric teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 677 children and adolescents with concussion aged 7 to 18 years...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882543/longitudinal-study-of-a-nogo-p3-event-related-potential-component-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults
#17
Gian Candrian, Andreas Müller, Patrizia Dall'Acqua, Kyveli Kompatsiari, Gian-Marco Baschera, Ladislav Mica, Hans-Peter Simmen, Richard Glaab, Javier Fandino, Markus Schwendinger, Christoph Meier, Erika Jasmin Ulbrich, Sönke Johannes
BACKGROUND: Event-related potentials have repeatedly revealed electrophysiological markers of cognitive dysfunction associated with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) and may represent a sensitive tool to guide cognitive rehabilitative interventions. We previously found patients with symptomatic MTBI characterized by smaller P300 (or P3) wave amplitudes in a NoGo-P3 subcomponent in the acute phase of the injury. The goal of this longitudinal study was to investigate whether this early NoGo-P3 subcomponent differs over time in symptomatic MTBI patients and healthy controls...
September 4, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878731/head-eye-vestibular-motion-therapy-affects-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-severe-chronic-postconcussion-patients
#18
Frederick Robert Carrick, Joseph F Clark, Guido Pagnacco, Matthew M Antonucci, Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Elena Oggero
CONTEXT: Approximately 1.8-3.6 million annual traumatic brain injuries occur in the United States. An evidence-based treatment for concussions that is reliable and effective has not been available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test whether head-eye vestibular motion (HEVM) therapy is associated with decreased symptoms and increased function in postconcussive syndrome (PCS) patients that have been severely impaired for greater than 6 months after a mild traumatic brain injury...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817065/evaluation-and-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-the-role-of-neuropsychology
#19
REVIEW
Carolyn Prince, Maya E Bruhns
Awareness of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and persisting post-concussive syndrome (PCS) has increased substantially in the past few decades, with a corresponding increase in research on diagnosis, management, and treatment of patients with mTBI. The purpose of this article is to provide a narrative review of the current literature on behavioral assessment and management of patients presenting with mTBI/PCS, and to detail the potential role of neuropsychologists and rehabilitation psychologists in interdisciplinary care for this population during the acute, subacute, and chronic phases of recovery...
August 17, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699709/-sport-related-concussion
#20
Silvia Bonfanti, Victoria Duthon, Jean-Luc Ziltener, Jacques Menetrey
Sport-related concussion is a frequent and complex pathology whose physiopathological mechanisms are not completely understood yet. A recent consensus statement has been published with the objective to provide practicioners with an overview of literature and give some guidelines based on the current state of knowledge. An 11R approach (Recognise, Remove, Re-evaluate, Rest, Rehabilitation, Refer, Recover, Return to sport, Reconsider, Residual effects and sequelae, Risk reduction) is proposed to evaluate and manage sport-related concussion...
July 12, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
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