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Entrapment Syndromes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785211/a-very-rare-cause-of-lower-limb-ischemia-in-young-people-popliteal-artery-entrapment
#1
Hasan Baki Altinsoy, Ozkan Alatas, Emjed Khalil, Kenan Abdurrahman Kara, Candan Cudi Okten, Omer Faruk Dogan
Background: Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a very rare pathology that can cause lower extremity ischemia in healthy young people. Anomalous anatomic relationships between the popliteal artery (PA) and the surrounding musculo-tendinous structures cause PAES. We present 31 patients with PAES in 35 limbs that were treated surgically in our clinic within a 12-year period. Patients and Methods: From 2001 to 2015, 31 patients (mean age: 32 ± 7.4 years) underwent surgery for PAES...
2018: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780234/body-mass-index-and-vitamin-d-level-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-patients
#2
Rania S Nageeb, Nahed Shehta, Ghada S Nageeb, Alaa A Omran
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the body mass index (BMI) and vitamin D levels in CTS patients. Methods: The current study was conducted at Zagazig University Hospitals. It included 50 CTS patients and 50 controls. Clinical assessment was carried out to exclude symptoms and signs of neuropathy. Laboratory investigations including vitamin D levels, glycosylated hemoglobin, liver, and kidney function were carried out for every participant...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779137/ulnar-neuropathy-at-wrist-entrapment-at-a-very-congested-site
#3
Daniele Coraci, Claudia Loreti, Giulia Piccinini, Pietro E Doneddu, Silvia Biscotti, Luca Padua
Ulnar tunnel syndrome indicates ulnar neuropathy at different sites within the wrist. Several classifications of ulnar tunnel syndrome are present in literature, based upon typical nerve anatomy. However, anatomical variations are not uncommon and can complicate assessment. The etiology is also complex, due to the numerous potential causes of entrapment. Clinical examination, neurophysiological testing, and imaging are all used to support the diagnosis. At present, many therapeutic approaches are available, ranging from observation to surgical management...
May 19, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736220/determination-of-cut-off-point-of-cross-sectional-area-of-median-nerve-at-the-wrist-for-diagnosing-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#4
Majid Ghasemi, Sanaz Masoumi, Behnaz Ansari, Mahboobeh Fereidan-Esfahani, Seyed Morteza Mousavi
Background: The most common entrapment mononeuropathy of the upper extremity is carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). It consists 90% of entrapment neuropathies. The purpose of this study was to compare cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve at the wrist in CTS patients and healthy controls and define the best cut-off point of CSA to differentiate patients and controls in Iranian population. Methods: In this study, 45 patients with confirmed idiopathic CTS and 62 healthy controls were evaluated. Based on electrophysiological findings, patients were divided based on CTS severity into three groups of mild, moderate and severe...
October 7, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734908/recurrent-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-ganglion-a-report-of-nine-cases
#5
Masatoshi Komatsu, Shigeharu Uchiyama, Takumi Kimura, Naoki Suenaga, Masanori Hayashi, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND: Cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) is generally treated successfully by surgery and recurrent cases are rare. This study retrospectively investigated the clinical characteristics of recurrent CuTS caused by ganglion. METHODS: We evaluated nine patients who were surgically treated for recurrent CuTS caused by ganglion. Age distribution at recurrence ranged from 43 to 79 years. The initial surgery for CuTS had been performed using various methods. The asymptomatic period from initial surgery to recurrence ranged from 22 to 252 months...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732358/anatomical-popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome
#6
Yong Jae Kwon, Tae-Won Kwon, Jun Gyo Gwon, Yong-Pil Cho, Seung-Jun Hwang, Ki-Young Go
Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze anatomical popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) and to individualize the treatment of this condition according to the anatomical status of the artery and the adjacent structure. Methods: A total of 35 anatomical PAES legs in 23 consecutive patients treated within the Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea between 1995 and 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. Anatomical PAES was diagnosed by MRI and/or CT scans of the knee joint, and CT or conventional transfemoral arteriography of the lower extremities...
May 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722064/high-wrist-ratio-is-a-risk-factor-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#7
S Ozcakir, D Sigirli, H Avsaroglu
INTRODUCTION: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common upper extremity entrapment neuropathy and various risk factors have been implicated in the etiology. In this study, we aimed to determine whether anthropometric measurements are independent risk factors for CTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with symptoms of CTS (n= 27) and asymptomatic controls (n=27) were enrolled following electrophysiological confirmation. Body mass index (BMI) was recorded and anthropometric measurements of the hand were made by a digital caliper...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713193/supracondylar-process-syndrome-two-cases-of-median-nerve-neuropathy-due-to-compression-by-the-ligament-of-struthers
#8
Hyun-Chul Shon, Ji-Kang Park, Dong-Soo Kim, Sang-Woo Kang, Kook-Jong Kim, Seok-Hyun Hong
The supracondylar process is a beak-shaped bony process on the anteromedial aspect of the distal humerus. The ligament of Struthers is a fibrous band extending from the tip of the process to the medial epicondyle. The median nerve and brachial artery pass under the ligament of Struthers and consequently can be compressed, causing supracondylar process syndrome. As a rare cause of proximal median nerve entrapment, supracondylar process syndrome is triggered when the median nerve is located in the superficial or deep layer of the ligament of Struthers as a result of anatomical variation...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707093/pulsed-radiofrequency-as-a-minimally-invasive-treatment-option-in-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-a-retrospective-analysis-of-26-patients
#9
Robbert C Maatman, Monique A H Steegers, Jan-Willem Kallewaard, Marc R M Scheltinga, Rudi M H Roumen
Background: Chronic abdominal pain is occasionally due to entrapped intercostal nerve endings (ACNES, abdominal cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome). If abdominal wall infiltration using an anesthetic agent is unsuccessful, a neurectomy may be considered. Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) is a relatively new treatment option for various chronic pain syndromes. Evidence regarding a beneficial effect of this minimally invasive technique in ACNES is lacking. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of PRF treatment in ACNES patients...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701412/functional-popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome
#10
Luis Gamas, João Rocha Neves, Luís Machado, Ricardo Ferreira, Pedro Paz Dias, José Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Popliteal artery entrapment is an uncommon syndrome, caused by extrinsic compression of the popliteal artery by muscular or tendinous structures. It occurs mainly in young individuals, with no atherosclerostic risk factors, and a mean age of presentation of 20 to 40 years, and has higher prevalence in males (83% of patients). Clinical presentation depends on the degree of arterial lesion, the most common being intermittent claudication, with critical ischemia being frequent...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680410/influence-of-entrapment-on-prehospital-management-and-the-hospital-course-in-polytrauma-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-in-air-rescue
#11
Christian Macke, Marika Sarakintsis, Marcel Winkelmann, Philipp Mommsen, Mohamed Omar, Christian Schröter, Christian Krettek, Christian Zeckey
BACKGROUND: Entrapment is a challenging and crucial factor in the prehospital setting. Few studies have addressed whether entrapment has an influence on on-scene treatment or on the following hospital course. OBJECTIVES: Here we aimed to investigate the influence of entrapment on prehospital management and on the hospital course of polytrauma patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with an Injury Severity Score ≥16 and aged 16-65 years that were admitted between 2005 and 2013 to a Level I trauma center...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676437/nerve-entrapment-syndromes-in-dermatology-review-and-practical-approach-to-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Samuel Zagarella
A good understanding of cutaneous nerve entrapment syndromes is important for physicians to provide early and accurate diagnosis and treatment. These syndromes have traditionally been managed with analgesics, antidepressants or antiepileptic medication but this approach is often inadequate and causes frequent adverse medication effects. With early diagnosis and treatment, many nerve entrapment syndromes can be successfully managed with physical, non-pharmacological approaches including stretches, exercises and physiotherapy...
April 20, 2018: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649527/recommendations-for-evaluation-and-management-of-pain-in-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-in-latin-america
#13
J M Politei, G Gordillo-González, N Guelbert, C F M Souza, C M Lourenço, M L Solano, M M Junqueira, T S P C Magalhães, A M Martins
The mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) constitute a heterogeneous group of rare genetic disorders caused by enzymatic deficiencies that lead to the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Several types of MPS are described, historically numbered from I to IX. Clinical observations strongly suggest the presence of chronic pain in patients with all types of MPS. There are few data in the literature on the evaluation and management of pain in these patients, a fact which can compromise the quality of life even more...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627780/double-venous-compression-due-to-duplicated-inferior-vena-cava-induced-right-common-iliac-vein-thrombosis
#14
Yuichi Mukai, Shuhei Nozawa, Toshiro Suzuki
Venous compression syndromes are caused by extrinsic venous compression of anatomical structures, such as the adjacent arteries and bones. Chronic venous compression and pulsative vibratory arterial pressure accelerate the development of deep vein thrombosis. Herein, we report the first case of double venous compressions due to a duplicated inferior vena cava-induced right-sided common iliac vein thrombosis. The thrombus was induced by left-sided inferior vena cava entrapment and right-sided common iliac vein compression, resembling nutcracker syndrome and May-Thurner syndrome, respectively...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627065/after-a-motor-vehicle-accident-is-it-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-or-ulnar-entrapment-syndrome-how-to-make-the-correct-diagnosis
#15
A Ian Munro, G Duncan McPherson, Wr Eric Jamieson
INTRODUCTION: Analysis of alleged neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) following motor vehicle collisions (MVC) showed a high rate of incorrect diagnosis. METHODS: Over ten years we saw 263 alleged NTOS following a MVC. Fifty-six (21.3%) had ulnar entrapment syndrome (UES) proved by nerve conduction studies or specific motor weakness. Diagnostic errors were examined. RESULTS: Inadequate physical examination and poor knowledge of neuroanatomy in 56 (100...
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614328/recommendations-for-evaluation-and-management-of-pain-in-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-in-latin-america
#16
J M Politei, G Gordillo-González, N Guelbert, C F M Souza, C M Lourenço, M L Solano, M M Junqueira, T S P C Magalhães, A M Martins
The mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) constitute a heterogeneous group of rare genetic disorders caused by enzymatic deficiencies that lead to the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Several types of MPS are described, historically numbered from I to IX. Clinical observations strongly suggest the presence of chronic pain in patients with all types of MPS. There are few data in the literature on the evaluation and management of pain in these patients, a fact which can compromise the quality of life even more...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606118/theoretical-impact-of-simulated-workplace-based-primary-prevention-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-a-french-region
#17
Yves Roquelaure, Natacha Fouquet, Emilie Chazelle, Alexis Descatha, Bradley Evanoff, Julie Bodin, Audrey Petit
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment neuropathy in the working-age population. The reduction of CTS incidence in the workforce is a priority for policy makers due to the human, social and economic costs. To assess the theoretical impact of workplace-based primary interventions designed to reduce exposure to personal and/or work-related risk factors for CTS. METHODS: Surgical CTS were assessed using regional hospital discharge records for persons aged 20-59 in 2009...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602527/abdominal-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-the-cause-of-localized-abdominal-pain-in-a-young-pregnant-woman
#18
Sody A Naimer
BACKGROUND: Despite the broad differential diagnosis in any patient referring with symptoms involving the chest or abdomen, a small number of conditions overshadow the rest by their probability. Chest and abdominal wall pain continues to constitute a common and expensive overlooked source of pain of unknown cause. In particular, cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome is commonly encountered but not easily diagnosed unless its specific symptoms are sought and the precise physical examination undertaken...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593000/diagnostic-dilemma-think-about-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-acnes-in-patients-with-atypical-abdominal-pain-and-crohn-s-disease
#19
Kenneth Lam, Carolyn Vasey
Chronic abdominal pain can be a difficult diagnostic dilemma. Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is a potential differential diagnosis that should be considered because treatment is both easy and effective. We describe the case of a 51-year-old man presenting with 7 months of right lower quadrant abdominal pain on the background of known Crohn's disease. A circumspect surgical approach and multidisciplinary input was key to making the diagnosis of a nerve entrapment syndrome.
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573776/commentary-to-accompany-after-motor-vehicle-accidents-is-it-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-or-ulnar-entrapment-syndrome-how-to-make-the-correct-diagnosis
#20
Matthew J Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
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