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Entrapment Syndromes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349433/popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-presenting-as-acute-limb-ischemia-in-pregnancy
#1
William Sellers, Melissa Obmann, Shivprasad Nikam, Boyoung Song, David Mariner
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome typically causes calf claudication in young active adults. Acute limb ischemia from popliteal artery thrombosis, embolization, or aneurysmal degeneration is less common. Chronic compression, histologic changes, and predisposing factors, such as vigorous exercise or hypercoagulability, play a role in these cases. We present the case of a 32-year-old pregnant woman with acute limb ischemia found to have popliteal artery thrombosis as a result of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349383/endovascular-extraction-of-a-migrated-large-self-expanding-laser-cut-renal-venous-stent-from-the-right-ventricle
#2
Tim Sebastian, Gabor Erdoes, Vlad A Bratu, Iris Baumgartner, Nils Kucher
Endovascular stent placement for decompression of an entrapped left renal vein (LRV) between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery is an alternative to surgical decompression for treating the nutcracker syndrome. However, an interventional approach may be challenging because of the unfavorable configuration of the LRV, leading to insufficient stent anchoring. We provide a case of a life-threatening stent migration from the LRV into the right ventricle 2 days after stent placement and its endovascular retrieval...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349382/intravascular-ultrasound-as-a-novel-tool-for-the-diagnosis-and-targeted-treatment-of-functional-popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome
#3
Anna E Boniakowski, Frank Davis, Dani Campbell, Minhajuddin Khaja, Katherine A Gallagher
Functional popliteal artery entrapment syndrome can be difficult to diagnose, as the imaging modalities presently employed are designed to detect anatomic entrapment. We describe a novel imaging technique to aid in diagnosis in this cohort. A 22-year-old cyclist presented with exercise-limiting claudication. Magnetic resonance angiography with provocative maneuvers was nondiagnostic. Digital subtraction angiography revealed long-segment occlusion of the popliteal artery with plantar flexion; however, the specific site of compression remained unclear...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349380/type-iv-popliteal-arterial-entrapment-associated-with-an-osteochondroma
#4
Dustin D Lucarelli, Aswath Subram
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a rare cause of peripheral vascular disease, often affecting young adults. Multiple studies have shown that osteochondromas can cause vascular injury. Intermittent compression, pseudoaneurysm, thrombosis, distal embolism, and venous thrombosis have all been described as possible complications. Here we present a case of popliteal arterial entrapment type IV with an associated tibial osteochondroma.
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324458/ultrasound-imaging-and-guided-injection-for-the-lateral-and-posterior-hip
#5
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Henry L Lew, Levent Özçakar
Ultrasound has emerged as one of the most utilized tools to diagnose musculoskeletal disorders and to assist in interventions. Traditionally, sonographic examination of the hip joint has been challenging because most of the major structures are deeply situated, thus requiring the use of curvilinear transducer for better penetrance. The posterior lateral hip is a frequent area for musculoskeletal pain and nerve entrapments. Common disorders include greater trochanteric pain syndrome, gluteus medius tendinopathy, piriformis syndrome, pudendal neuralgia and proximal hamstring tendinopathy...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321702/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#6
Özgür Bilgin Topçuoğlu, Özlem Oruç, Sema Saraç, Gülgün Çetintaş Afşar, Kayıhan Uluç
Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. It is usually associated with the compression of the median nerve in the median groove. Because the main symptoms of CTS pain and numbness worsen at night, sleep disorders in CTS patients and the impact of preferred sleeping position on CTS development have been formerly studied. However, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study assessing the frequency of CTS in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321104/neurectomy-for-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-in-children
#7
Lindsey B Armstrong, Pradeep Dinakar, David P Mooney
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is an underrecognized etiology of chronic abdominal pain that causes great morbidity to those affected. We sought to determine the outcome of neurectomy for ACNES in children. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data on children who underwent neurectomy for ACNES by a single surgeon from 10/2011 to 01/2017 were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients underwent neurectomy for ACNES...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311538/popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Francisco Cialdine Frota Carneiro Júnior, Eduardo Nazareno Dos Anjos Carrijo, Samuel Tomaz Araújo, Luis Carlos Uta Nakano, Jorge Eduardo de Amorim, Daniel Guimarães Cacione
BACKGROUND Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) results from an anomalous relationship between the popliteal artery and the myofascial structures of the popliteal fossa. The most common presenting symptoms include intermittent pain in the feet and calves on exercise, resulting in lameness. PAES can lead to popliteal artery thrombosis, stenosis, distal arterial thromboembolism, or arterial aneurysm. The treatment of PAES includes surgical exploration with fasciotomy, myotomy, or sectioning of fibrous band formation, to release the popliteal artery...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310622/entrapment-as-a-mediator-of-suicide-crises
#9
Shuang Li, Zimri S Yaseen, Hae-Joon Kim, Jessica Briggs, Molly Duffy, Anna Frechette-Hagan, Lisa J Cohen, Igor I Galynker
BACKGROUND: Prior research has validated the construct of a suicide crisis syndrome (SCS), a specific psychological state that precedes and may precipitate suicidal behavior. The feeling of entrapment is a central concept of the SCS as well as of several other recent models of suicide. However, its exact relationship with suicidality is not fully understood. In efforts to clarify the exact role of entrapment in the suicidal process, we have examined if entrapment mediates the relationship of other components of the SCS, including ruminative flooding, panic-dissociation, fear of dying and emotional pain, with suicidal ideation (SI) in recently hospitalized psychiatric inpatients...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306151/enhancement-of-immune-response-of-piglets-to-pcv-2-vaccine-by-porcine-il-2-and-fusion-il-4-6-gene-entrapped-in-chitosan-nanoparticles
#10
Yi Chen, Tingyu Song, Yong-Le Xiao, Xiaoping Wan, Luyi Yang, Jinghai Li, Guangzhi Zeng, Pengfei Fang, Ze-Zhou Wang, Rong Gao
In order to develop a novel effective immunomodulator to enhance pig resistance against post-weaning multi systemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), a recombinant plasmid co-expressing pig interleukin-2 (IL-2) and fusion interleukin-4/6 (IL-4/6) genes, designated VRIL4/6-2, was constructed and encapsulated in chitosan (CS) nanoparticles prepared by the ionotropic gelation method. Then 21-day old piglets were divided into two groups and intramuscularly injected respectively with VPIL4/6-2-CS and saline along with the porcine circovirus-2 (PCV-2) vaccine...
December 29, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304958/editorial-commentary-proximal-hamstring-syndrome-another-pain-in-the-buttock
#11
EDITORIAL
Dean K Matsuda
Proximal hamstring injuries cause buttock pain and may result in significant weakness and sciatic neuralgia. Avulsion ruptures involving 2 or more tendons with >2-cm retraction may benefit from early open surgical repair. More chronic equivalents may benefit from Achilles allograft reconstruction. Chronic proximal hamstring syndrome causing posterior thigh and sit pain may occur from less severe, often repetitive injury to the proximal hamstring origin with secondary sciatic neuralgia from local adhesions or scar entrapment...
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274669/-recurrent-abdominal-pain-abdominal-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-a-report-of-three-cases
#12
M T Tolmos-Estefanía, T Fernández-Rodríguez, Z Bernard-de Casco, C Grande-Díez, Á Rodríguez-Lorenzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274601/isolated-medial-plantar-neuropathy-caused-by-a-large-ganglion-cyst-diagnosed-with-mri-a-case-report
#13
Shinkyoung Kim, Hyeungjune Kim, Dong In Jo, Sang-Jun Na, Yoon-Sik Jo
INTRODUCTION: Although ganglion cysts are common soft tissue tumors, nerve compression syndrome caused by a ganglion cyst in the lower extremities is very rare. Herein, we report a 57-year-old man who presented with hypoesthesia in the sole of his right foot for 6 months. We believe that reporting this rare case will help clinicians update their knowledge on possible causes of the plantar neuropathy, and avoid diagnostic delay. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient had pain and numbness in the inner right sole, as well as a tingling and dull sensation...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230740/-peroneal-nerve-entrapment-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Alexander Schuh, René Handschu, Thomas Eibl, Michael Janka, Wolfgang Hönle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218369/peripheral-nerve-ultrasound-findings-in-mucolipidosis-type-3
#15
Eoin Mulroy, Andrew M Chancellor, Luciana Pelosi
PURPOSE: The mucolipidoses are rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorders. Neurologic involvement in these conditions is generally thought to be limited to cognitive delay and entrapment neuropathies (primarily carpal tunnel syndrome). We sought to evaluate peripheral nerves in this condition using nerve ultrasound. METHODS: We performed peripheral nerve ultrasound in two siblings with genetically confirmed mucolipidosis type 3 (alpha/beta). RESULTS: Peripheral nerves in mucolipidosis type 3 (alpha/beta) exhibit multifocal enlargement...
December 7, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218119/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-other-entrapment-neuropathies
#16
REVIEW
Kolawole Wasiu Wahab, Emmanuel O Sanya, Philip B Adebayo, Musbaudeen O Babalola, Hakeem G Ibraheem
Entrapment neuropathy is the result of pressure on a peripheral nerve as it passes through a narrow canal that is bounded by stiff tissues. In spite of their ubiquitous nature, they are underdiagnosed, underreported, and sometimes not properly managed, especially in developing countries. Entrapment neuropathies are of various types, but the most common type is carpal tunnel syndrome. Mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of entrapment neuropathies include mechanical compression and nerve ischemia. A clear understanding of the various types and the underlying mechanisms of entrapment neuropathies are invaluable in the decision-making process involved in the management of every patient with the condition...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216768/a-mysterious-case-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-a-9-year-old-girl
#17
Angela Burian, Othmar Schuhfried, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestation and the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome type II in childhood. METHODS: Using information on the symptoms, diagnosis, rehabilitation and outcome of a young patient with complex regional pain syndrome type II. RESULTS: A 9-year -old girl had severe pain in the region of the left foot, signs of a common fibular nerve entrapment, hyperalgesia not limited to the distribution of the injured nerve, weakness and temperature asymmetry unknown origin...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209215/preparation-evaluation-and-bioavailability-studies-of-eudragit-coated-plga-nanoparticles-for-sustained-release-of-eluxadoline-for-the-treatment-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
Md K Anwer, Ramadan Al-Shdefat, Essam Ezzeldin, Saad M Alshahrani, Abdullah S Alshetaili, Muzaffar Iqbal
Eluxadoline is a newly approved orally administered drug used for the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea. It is reported as a poorly water-soluble drug due to which its dissolution rate and oral bioavailability are very poor. In this work, various plain PLGA nanoparticles (NPs) (F1-F4) were prepared and optimized based on particle size, PDI, zeta potential and percent drug entrapment efficiency (EE). The developed plain NPs (F1-F4) showed average particle size ranging from 260.19 to 279.76 nm with smooth surface and EE of 17...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202926/impingement-syndrome-of-the-shoulder
#19
Christina Garving, Sascha Jakob, Isabel Bauer, Rudolph Nadjar, Ulrich H Brunner
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is the third most common musculoskeletal complaint in orthopedic practice. It is usually due to a defect of the rotator cuff and/or an impingement syndrome. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent literature retrieved by a selective search of the Medline database. RESULTS: Patients with shoulder impingement syndrome suffer from painful entrapment of soft tissue whenever they elevate the arm. The pathological mechanism is a structural narrowing in the subacromial space...
November 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189217/anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-in-children-prospective-observational-study
#20
Tomislav Kifer, Zrinjka Mišak, Oleg Jadrešin, Iva Hojsak
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is often an overlooked cause of abdominal pain. Data for pediatric patients, especially regarding the treatment modalities are scarce. The aim of this study is to present a treatment modality of ACNES with combined local subfascial anesthetic and corticosteroid injection in a prospectively collected cohort of pediatric patients. METHODS: This was a prospective observational long-term study, which included pediatric patients who were diagnosed with ACNES in a tertiary care pediatric center and followed up for at least 12 months (median 1...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
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