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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792302/blood-pressure-patterns-and-subsequent-coronary-artery-calcification-in-women-who-delivered-preterm-births
#1
Janet M Catov, Gabrielle G Snyder, Abigail Fraser, Cora E Lewis, Kiang Liu, Andrew D Althouse, Marnie Bertolet, Erica P Gunderson
Women who delivered preterm infants have excess cardiovascular disease, but vascular pathways linking these conditions are not understood. We considered that higher blood pressure over 25 years among women with preterm delivery may be associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC). The CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) enrolled 1049 black and white women with births between 1985 and 2010 (n=272 ever preterm [<37 weeks]; n=777 all term births [≥37 weeks]). Latent mixture modeling identified blood pressure trajectories across 20 years, and these were related to CAC at years 20 and 25...
May 23, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792096/neonatal-outcome-in-preterm-deliveries-before-34-week-gestation-the-influence-of-the-mechanism-of-labor-onset
#2
Sara Pinto, Maria Filipa Malheiro, Ana Vaz, Teresa Rodrigues, Nuno Montenegro, Hercília Guimarães
PURPOSE: To evaluate neonatal outcomes in preterm infants with less than 34 weeks after spontaneous labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) or iatrogenic delivery and to clarify whether the mechanism of labor onset is a risk factor for adverse short-term neonatal outcome. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study, which included 266 preterm newborns with less than 34-week gestation, between 2011 and 2015. Neonatal outcomes were compared according to the mechanism of labor onset...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792058/utilization-of-progesterone-and-cervical-length-screening-for-prevention-of-recurrent-preterm-birth
#3
Rupsa C Boelig, Eva Jiang, Brooke Scheidemantle, Michela Villani, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To assess utilization of progesterone and cervical length (CL) screening among women with prior spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of women with prior sPTB. Primary outcomes were the use of progesterone and CL screening. Secondary outcomes were reasons for failure to utilize interventions and factors associated with use of recommended interventions. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty women had a prior sPTB...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791775/vaginal-microbiome-in-early-pregnancy-and-subsequent-risk-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-a-case-control-study
#4
Negar Tabatabaei, A Murat Eren, Luis B Barreiro, Vania Yotova, Anne Dumaine, Catherine Allard, William D Fraser
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in vaginal microbiome between preterm and term deliveries. DESIGN: Nested case-control study in 3D cohort. SETTING: Quebec, Canada. SAMPLE: Ninety-four cases with spontaneous preterm birth (17 early (<34 wk) and 77 late (34-36 wk) preterm birth) and 356 controls with term delivery (≥37 wk). METHODS: To assess vaginal microbiome by sequencing the V4 region of 16S ribosomal-RNA (rRNA) gene in swabs self-collected early pregnancy...
May 23, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790827/the-effect-of-maternal-hiv-status-and-treatment-duration-on-body-composition-of-hiv-exposed-and-hiv-unexposed-preterm-very-and-extremely-low-birthweight-infants
#5
Klara Strydom, Daniel Gerhardus Nel, Muhammad Ali Dhansay, Evette Van Niekerk
BACKGROUND: There is an evidence gap regarding the relationship between HIV exposure, body composition (and the quality thereof) and preterm infants. AIM: This study determined the body composition of HIV-exposed, preterm very low-birthweight (VLBW) and extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants and to assess the effect of maternal HAART duration on the body composition of this vulnerable population. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted...
May 23, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790729/prenatal-phthalates-maternal-thyroid-function-and-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort
#6
Stephanie M Engel, Gro D Villanger, Rachel C Nethery, Cathrine Thomsen, Amrit K Sakhi, Samantha S M Drover, Jane A Hoppin, Pal Zeiner, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Amy H Herring, Heidi Aase
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern that phthalate exposures may have an impact on child neurodevelopment. Prenatal exposure to phthalates has been linked with externalizing behaviors and executive functioning defects suggestive of an attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) phenotype. OBJECTIVES: We undertook an investigation into whether prenatal exposure to phthalates was associated with clinically confirmed ADHD in a population-based nested case-control study of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort (MoBa) between the years 2003 and 2008...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790266/clindamycin-to-reduce-preterm-birth-in-a-low-resource-setting-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Mrutyunjaya B Bellad, Matthew K Hoffman, Ashalata A Mallapur, Umesh S Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Ganachari, Avinash Kavi, Umesh Y Ramdurg, Sheshidhar G Bannale, Amit Revankar, Nancy L Sloan, Bhalachandra Kodkany, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Richard J Derman
OBJECTIVE: To determine if oral Clindamycin reduces the risk of preterm birth in women with abnormal vaginal microflora as evidenced by a vaginal pH ≥5·0. DESIGN: Randomised double-blind placebo controlled trial. SETTING: Rural southern India. POPULATION: Pregnant women with a singleton foetus between 13 0/7 weeks and 20 6/7 weeks. METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited during prenatal visits in Karnataka India from October 2013 to July 2015...
May 22, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789058/prevention-and-treatment-of-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-neonates
#8
Christopher McPherson, Jennifer A Wambach
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) impacts a high proportion of preterm neonates, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Advances in pharmacotherapy, specifically antenatal corticosteroids and postnatal surfactant therapy, have significantly reduced the incidence and impact of neonatal RDS. Antenatal corticosteroids accelerate fetal lung maturation by increasing the activity of enzymes responsible for surfactant biosynthesis, resulting in improved lung compliance. Maternal antenatal corticosteroid treatment has improved survival of preterm neonates and lowered the incidence of brain injury...
May 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788816/is-maternal-serum-relaxin-associated-with-preterm-delivery-in-chinese-pregnant-women-a-meta-analysis
#9
Qingzhi Hou, Chao Jiang, Yaling Huang, Juan Ye, Xiaobo Yang
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was performed to study the relationship between serum relaxin and preterm delivery in women with singleton pregnancies without estrogen stimulation. METHODS: Cohort and case-control studies were identified through searching databases (PubMed, Embase, Ovid, CBM, Wan fang, VIP, and CNKI). We carried out a continuous variable meta-analysis. The outcome was preterm delivery (gestation age <37 weeks). RESULTS: Fifteen studies were included, involving 1607 women with a singleton pregnancy...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788364/effectiveness-of-prenatal-vitamin-d-deficiency-screening-and-treatment-program-a-stratified-randomized-field-trial
#10
Maryam Rostami, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Masoumeh Simbar, Razieh Bidhendi Yarandi, Sonia Minooee, Bruce W Hollis, Farhad Hosseinpanah
Context: Despite evidence on the association between hypovitaminosis D and adverse pregnancy outcomes and the positive impact of vitamin D supplementation, no evidence exists supporting a universal screening program in pregnancy as part of a routine prenatal care. Objective: We aimed at determining the effectiveness of a prenatal screening program on optimizing 25-hydroxyvitamin D(25(OH)D) levels and preventing pregnancy complications. Also, to identify a safe regimen, we compared several regimens in a subgroup of vitamin D deficient pregnant women...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788184/adverse-effect-of-the-financial-crisis-in-greece-on-perinatal-factors
#11
Irini Zografaki, Dimitris Papamichail, Takis Panagiotopoulos
Background: Starting in 2008 recession affected many European countries and especially Greece. Previous studies have reported increases in low birth weight, preterm birth and stillbirth rates in Greece during early crisis. In our study we used data on births from 1980 to 2014 that allowed us to distinguish recent changes, which could possibly be attributed to the financial crisis, from long term trends, and controlled for maternal age and country of origin as potential confounders. Our study covered a longer period (up to 2014) than what has been studied before and looked separately at the effect of early and established crisis...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786973/amniotic-fluid-lactic-acid-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-levels-at-the-time-of-fetal-surgery-for-a-spine-defect-association-with-subsequent-premature-preterm-rupture-of-membranes
#12
Antonio F Moron, Aikaterini Athanasiou, Mauricio Barbosa, Herbene J Milani, Stephanno G Sarmento, Sergio Cavalheiro, Steven S Witkin
OBJECTIVE: In utero fetal surgery to correct incomplete closure of the spinal cord lessens the extent of permanent damage but is associated with preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM). We determined if compounds in amniotic fluid (AF) collected at the time of surgery predicted subsequent development of pPROM. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Hospitals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. POPULATION: Twenty four consecutive pregnant women at 24-26 weeks gestation seen between February and October 2017 with a singleton pregnancy underwent in utero surgery to correct an open spinal defect in their fetus...
May 22, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785549/once-episiotomy-always-episiotomy
#13
Ayala Zilberman, Eyal Sheiner, Orit Barrett, Batel Hamou, Tali Silberstein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between episiotomy and perineal damage in the subsequent delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, comparing outcome of subsequent singleton deliveries of women with and without episiotomy in their first (index) delivery. Deliveries occurred between the years 1991-2015 in a tertiary medical center. Traumatic vaginal tears, multiple pregnancies, and cesarean deliveries (CD) in the index pregnancy were excluded from the analysis...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783963/he-tamariki-kokoti-tau-tackling-preterm-a-data-linkage-methodology-to-explore-the-clinical-care-pathway-in-preterm-deliveries
#14
Sara Filoche, Fiona Cram, Angela Beard, Dalice Sim, Stacie Geller, Liza Edmonds, Bridget Robson, Beverley Lawton
BACKGROUND: Significant health inequities exist around maternal and infant health for Māori, the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand - and in particular around a premature (preterm) delivery. Māori babies are more likely to be born preterm (8.1%, compared to an overall rate of 7.4%) and they are more likely to have a preterm death. An essential part of redressing these disparities is to examine the clinical care pathway and outcomes associated with preterm deliveries. This paper describes a protocol utilising national and local health collections to enable such a study...
May 21, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780796/cerebral-blood-volume-during-neonatal-transition-in-term-and-preterm-infants-with-and-without-respiratory-support
#15
Bernhard Schwaberger, Gerhard Pichler, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Nariae Baik-Schneditz, Alexander Avian, Berndt Urlesberger
Background: Recently, we demonstrated that in healthy newborn infants cerebral blood volume (CBV) was decreasing continuously after birth. We hypothesized that this was due to the increase in oxygen delivery to the brain during neonatal transition. Thus delayed cerebral oxygen delivery in infants in need for respiratory support (RS) during postnatal stabilization might influence changes in CBV. Objective: Aim of the study was to evaluate transitional changes in CBV immediately after birth in term and preterm infants with and without need of RS...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780785/an-extremely-rare-case-of-hand-prolapse-with-preterm-premature-rupture-in-the-membrane-of-one-twin
#16
Minji Kim, Hye-Joo Lee, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-Young Oh, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim
The latency in preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) can last for weeks. We describe an extremely rare case of hand prolapse with PPROM that was exposed for 23 days before delivery. The patient had spontaneous PPROM of twin A at 21.4 weeks of gestation with shoulder presentation. The right arm of the fetus eventually protruded out the vagina and the hand was exposed for extended period of time of 23 days until delivery. Daily dressing by applying collagen to dry skin and silicone to keep moisture was done to the protruding hand to prevent dehydration and desquamation of the skin...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780352/the-nomogram-of-penile-length-and-circumference-in-iranian-term-and-preterm-neonates
#17
Fahimeh Soheilipour, Farzaneh Rohani, Elham Hashemi Dehkordi, Roya Isa Tafreshi, Parisa Mohagheghi, Seyed-Mohammadsalar Zaheriani, Fatemeh Jesmi, Hamid Salehiniya
Background and objectives: The normal length of penis in preterm and term neonates is different among different nations, and is affected by various factors. The present study aimed to determine stretched penile length (SPL) values and cutoff level of micropenis in term and preterm Iranian neonates, for the first time. Materials and methods: All male neonates born in two general hospitals of Tehran (Akbarabadi, and Rasoul hospitals), center of Iran, with gestational age of 28-42 weeks were included and their SPL and penile circumference (PC) were examined on the first 3 days after birth by the same physician...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779144/effect-of-pre-gravid-body-mass-index-on-outcomes-of-pregnancies-following-in-vitro-fertilization
#18
Miha Lucovnik, Isaac Blickstein, Tomislav Mirkovic, Ivan Verdenik, Katja Bricelj, Marijana Vidmar Simic, Natasa Tul, Andreja Trojner Bregar
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of pre-gravid body mass index (BMI) on perinatal outcomes in in vitro fertilization (IVF) singleton pregnancies. METHODS: Retrospective population-based cohort study. All singleton pregnancies delivered at ≥ 22 weeks' in Slovenia between 2002 and 2015 were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between BMI category and outcomes, controlling for potential confounding variables. Interaction term was included to evaluate whether effects of obesity on perinatal outcomes differ in IVF vs...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779076/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-comparison-of-risk-factors-and-prevalence-in-native-and-migrant-mothers-of-portuguese-generation-xxi-birth-cohort
#19
Musa Abubakar Kana, Sofia Correia, Henrique Barros
Epidemiological studies report conflicting findings regarding association between maternal immigration status and pregnancy outcomes. In this study we compared risk factors and prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in native Portuguese and migrants. Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using information collected at delivery from the participants of Generation XXI birth cohort. Logistic regression models were fitted to assess the association between migrant status and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Prevalence of risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes varied between native Portuguese and migrants: teenage mothers (5...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778383/in-vitro-fertilization-interpregnancy-interval-and-risk-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes
#20
Kristin Palmsten, Michael V Homer, Yujia Zhang, Sara Crawford, Russell S Kirby, Glenn Copeland, Christina D Chambers, Dmitry M Kissin, H Irene Su
OBJECTIVE: To compare associations between interpregnancy intervals (IPIs) and adverse perinatal outcomes in deliveries following IVF with deliveries following spontaneous conception or other (non-IVF) fertility treatments. DESIGN: Cohort using linked birth certificate and assisted reproductive technology surveillance data from Massachusetts and Michigan. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): 1,225,718 deliveries. INTERVENTION(S): None...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
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